Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Filter
1.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 78-84, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832513

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Glycemic control varies based on lifestyle factors and stress coping mechanisms, which are influenced by personality. The psychological factors associated with glycemic control have not yet been established in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The relationship between a 5-factor model of personality and glycemic control was evaluated in individuals with T2DM. @*Methods@#The subjects were 503 Japanese outpatients with T2DM. Glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, depressive status, insomnia and personality traits were assessed. Lifestyle factors of the patients, such as habitual alcohol consumption and smoking, were also included in the analyses. @*Results@#Because the influence of insulin therapy on HbA1c is so strong, we stratified the patients according to insulin use. Simple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between HbA1c and neuroticism in patients who did not use insulin. After adjustment for confounders, multiple regression analyses revealed that none of the personality factors, including neuroticism, were found to be associated with HbA1c. @*Conclusion@#These findings suggest that personality traits do not have a large impact on glycemic control. Further studies are required to confirm the relationships between psychological factors and glycemic control using a longitudinal study design.

2.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 599-606, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832082

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several evidence-based practice guidelines have been developed to better treat bipolar disorder. However, the articles cited in these guidelines were based on clinical or basic studies with specific conditional settings and were not sufficiently based on real-world clinical practice. In particular, there was little information on the doses of mood stabilizers. @*Methods@#The MUlticenter treatment SUrvey on BIpolar disorder in Japanese psychiatric clinics (MUSUBI) is a study conducted to accumulate evidence on the real-world practical treatment of bipolar disorder. The questionnaire included patient characteristics such as comorbidities, mental status, treatment period, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score, and details of pharmacological treatment. @*Results@#Most patients received mood stabilizers such as lithium (n = 1,317), valproic acid (n = 808), carbamazepine (n = 136), and lamotrigine (n = 665). The dose of lithium was correlated with age, body weight, number of episodes, depression and GAF. The dose of valproic acid was correlated with body weight, number of episodes, presence of a rapid cycle and GAF. The dose of carbamazepine was correlated with age, mania, and the presence of a rapid cycle. The dose of lamotrigine was correlated with the number of episodes, depression, mania, psychotic features, and the presence of a rapid cycle. Doses of coadministered mood stabilizers were significantly correlated, except for the combination of valproic acid and lamotrigine. @*Conclusion@#The dose of mood stabilizers was selectively administered based on several factors, such as age, body composition, current mood status and functioning. Further prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.

3.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 159-166, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Some antidepressants have been implicated as risk factors for QT prolongation, which is a predictor of sudden cardiac death. However, the QT interval is considered an imperfect biomarker for proarrhythmic risk. Therefore, we reevaluated the risk of sudden cardiac death due to antidepressants using improved methods, namely, QT dispersion (QTD), T wave peak-to-end interval (Tp-e), and Tp-e/QT ratio.@*METHODS@#We compared the effects of antidepressants on QTc (QT/RR1/3), QTD, Tp-e, and Tp-e/QT ratio in 378 patients with mood disorder. We also compared each index between 165 healthy controls and 215 randomly selected age-matched patients.@*RESULTS@#Age (p < 0.01), sex (p < 0.05), tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) use (p < 0.05), and clomipramine (p < 0.01) and mianserin (p < 0.05) use in particular, significantly associated with a prolonged QTc. We also found that age (p < 0.01), TCA use (p < 0.05), and clomipramine (p < 0.01) and mianserin (p < 0.05) use in particular, significantly prolonged QTD. However, there was no correlation between each variable and Tp-e or Tp-e/QT ratio. Significant differences in QTc and QTD were found between the patients and healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#From our results, prediction of risk of sudden cardiac death by QTD, Tp-e, or Tp-e/QT ratio was inconsistent. Increased QTD may be more suitable for predicting sudden cardiac death due to antidepressants.

4.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 382-390, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the determinants of remission and discontinuation of paroxetine pharmacotherapy in outpatients with panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Subjects were 79 outpatients diagnosed with PD who took 10–40 mg/day of paroxetine for 12 months. The candidate therapeutic determinants included the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region and the −1019C/G promoter polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 1A as genetic factors, educational background and marital status as environmental factors, and early improvement (EI) at 2 weeks as a clinical factor were assessed. The Clinical Global Impression scale was used to assess the therapeutic effects of the pharmacotherapy. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to investigate the significant predictive factors of remission and discontinuation. EI was only a significant predictive factor of remission. EI was a significant predictive factor of remission (hazard ratio [HR], 2.709; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.177–6.235). Otherwise, EI and marital status were significant predictive factors of the discontinuation. EI (HR, 0.266; 95% CI, 0.115–0.617) and being married (HR, 0.437; 95% CI, 0.204–0.939) were considered to reduce the risk of treatment discontinuation. In married subjects, EI was a significant predictive factor of the discontinuation (HR, 0.160; 95% CI, 0.045–0.565). However, in unmarried subjects, EI was not a significantly predictive factor for the discontinuation. CONCLUSION: EI achievement appears to be a determinant of PD remission in paroxetine treatment. In married PD patients, EI achievement also appears to reduce a risk of discontinuation of paroxetine treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Therapy , Marital Status , Marriage , Outpatients , Panic Disorder , Panic , Paroxetine , Patient Dropouts , Remission Induction , Serotonin , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Single Person , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 86-92, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Family and twin studies have suggested genetic liability for panic disorder (PD) and therefore we sought to determine the role of noradrenergic and serotonergic candidate genes for susceptibility for PD in a Japanese population. METHODS: In this age- and gender-matched case-control study involving 119 PD patients and 119 healthy controls, we examined the genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the serotonin transporter gene linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR), −1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 1A (5-HT1A), and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphism (rs4680) and their association with PD. RESULTS: No significant differences were evident in the allele frequencies or genotype distributions of the COMT (rs4680), 5-HTTLPR polymorphisms or the −1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of 5-HT1A between PD patients and controls. Although there were no significant associations of these polymorphisms with in subgroups of PD patients differentiated by gender or in subgroup comorbid with agoraphobia (AP), significant difference was observed in genotype distributions of the −1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of 5-HT1A between PD patients without AP and controls (p=0.047). CONCLUSION: In this association study, the 1019C/G (rs6295) promoter polymorphism of the 5-HT1A receptor G/G genotype was associated with PD without AP in a Japanese population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Agoraphobia , Asian People , Case-Control Studies , Catechol O-Methyltransferase , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Panic Disorder , Panic , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Serotonin
6.
Medical Education ; : 119-124, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-363053

ABSTRACT

We analyzed inadvertent human errors during 3-day trial examinations for the National Examination for Physicians. Sixth-year medical students sat for 2 different examinations consisting of 500 multiple-choice questions and chose either 1 or 2 correct answers. After the first examination, the students verified their errors and were provided with educational guidance to prevent inadvertent errors.1) More than half of the students made inadvertent errors during the examination.2)The errors occurred when the students solved questions or marked the answer sheets.3) Most of errors were either the selection of the wrong number of answer options (i.e., a 2-choice selection was required, but only 1 choice was selected) or the selection of choices that differed from the intended choices when the answer sheets were marked.4) After the students were taught how to avoid errors, the mean number of errors per examination per student decreased significantly from 2.1 to 1.0.5) To our knowledge, this is the first report to show the educational effectiveness of a method to decrease the rate of inadvertent errors during examinations.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL