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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006515

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the correlation between the imaging features of peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules and the invasion degree of lung adenocarcinoma, and the high risk factors for infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma under thin-slice CT, which provides some reference for clinicians to plan the surgical methods of pulmonary nodules before operation and to better communicate with patients, and assists in building a clinical predictive model for invasive adenocarcinoma. Methods    Clinical data of the patients with peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules (diameter≤3 cm) in thin-slice chest CT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2019 to January 2020 were continuously collected. All patients underwent thin-slice CT scan and thoracoscopic surgery in our center. According to the pathological examination results, they were divided into two groups: an adenocarcinoma lesions before infiltration group, and an invasive lung adenocarcinoma group. The thin-slice CT imaging parameters of pulmonary nodules were collected. The nodular diameter, mean CT value, consolidation tumor ratio (CTR), nodular shape, vacuolar sign, bronchial air sign, lobulation sign, burr sign, lesion boundary, pleural depression sign, vascular cluster sign and other clinical data were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to analyze the independent risk factors for the infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma, and to analyze the threshold value and efficacy of each factor for the identification of infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma. Results     Finally 190 patients were enrolled. There were 110 patients in the adenocarcinoma lesions before infiltration group, including 21 males and 89 females with a mean age of 53.57±10.90 years, and 80 patients in the invasive lung adenocarcinoma group, including 31 males and 49 females with a mean age of 56.45±11.30 years. There was a statistical difference in the mean CT value, nodular diameter, CTR, gender, smoking, nodular type, nodular shape, vacuolar sign, lobulation sign, burr sign, lesion boundary, pleural depression sign, vascular cluster sign between the two groups (P<0.05). However, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in age (P=0.081), lesion site (P=0.675), and bronchial air sign (P=0.051). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that nodular diameter, mean CT value, CTR and lobulation sign were independent risk factors for differentiating preinvasive adenocarcinoma from invasive adenocarcinoma. At the same time, the threshold value was calculated by Youden index, indicating that the CTR was 0.45, the nodal diameter was 10.5 mm and the mean CT value was –452 Hu. Conclusion     In the peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules, according to the patient's CT imaging features, such as mixed ground-glass nodules, irregular shapes, vacuoles, short burrs, clear boundaries, pleural indentations, and vascular clusters, have a certain reference value in the discrimination of the invasion degree of ground-glass pulmonary nodules. At the same time, it is found in this research that peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules with diameter greater than 10.5 mm, CT value greater than –452 Hu, CTR greater than 0.45 and lobulation sign are more likely to be infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic value of tumor deposits (TD) by number and anatomical distribution in gastric cancer (GC) patients without lymph node metastasis.Methods:From Aug 2012 to Aug 2018 all 91 GC patients undergoing radical gastrectomy and without nodal metastasis at Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into L1, L2, and L3 groups according to the number of TD and into Q1 and Q2 groups according to the anatomical regions of the TD.Results:The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates of groups L1, L2, and L3 were 58.9%, 52.1%, and 31.5%, respectively ( χ2=9.769, P=0.008). The 3-year OS rates of groups Q1 and Q2 were 58.9% and 7.1% ( χ2=46.310, P<0.001). The number of TD, their distribution, neural invasion, vascular invasion, tumor size, and pT stage were all related to prognosis by univariate analysis (all P<0.05). Tumor size>4 cm ( HR=2.460, 95% CI:1.307-4.629, P=0.005), distribution of TD (non-perigastric)( HR=3.959, 95% CI:2.077-7.545, P<0.001), neural invasion ( HR=4.299,95% CI:1.953-9.461, P<0.001), and pT 4 stage ( HR=2.283, 95% CI:1.250-4.171, P=0.007) were independent risk factors for prognosis by multivariate analysis. Conclusion:The distribution of TD (non-perigastric) is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in gastric cancer patients after radical gastrectomy and with negative lymph node metastasis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016040

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by recurrent non ⁃ specific intestinal inflammatory responses. Intestinal fibrosis is an important cause of IBD complicated with intestinal obstruction. Nuclear factor erythroid 2⁃ related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that has anti ⁃ oxidative stress response in cells. In IBD, Nrf2 and its downstream regulated antioxidant enzymes achieve protective effects against intestinal fibrosis by inhibiting the activation of nuclear factor ⁃ κB, regulating T helper cell 17/regulatory T cell balance of intestinal immunity, and inhibiting transforming growth factor⁃β1/Smads signaling pathway. In this review, the structure of Nrf2, the specific mechanism of Nrf2's effect on intestinal fibrosis in IBD, and the recent studies on the treatment of IBD through Nrf2 pathway were reviewed in an attempt to provide a new direction for the prevention and treatment of IBD.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 489-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972729

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between physical activity, sleep duration, overweight, obesity and depressive symptoms among middle school students in Tianjin, and to provide the evidence for targeted prevention of depression.@*Methods@#In September 2019 to 2021, the stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 52 747 middle school students from 16 districts in Tianjin for questionnaire survey, including demographics, depressive symptom, sleep status and physical activity. The χ 2 test and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the data.@*Results@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms among middle school students in Tianjin was 19.07%, with higher prevalence in female, urban areas, resident students and left behind students ( χ 2=128.44, 155.77, 35.29, 19.15, P <0.05). The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 20.64% and 22.13%, the proportion of students who met physical activity, outdoor activity, sleep duration guideline were 49.54%, 33.64%, 25.77%, respectively. Logistic regression results showed that meeting the guidelines on physical activity, outdoor activity, sleep duration and BMI were negatively correlated with depression symptoms, with sleep duration showed the highest protective effects on depressive symptoms( OR=0.60, 95%CI =0.57-0.63, P <0.05). Compared with students who did not meet any guidelines, students who met 4 guidelines had a lower risk of depression symptoms( OR=0.39, 95%CI =0.34-0.46, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms of middle school students in Tianjin is in moderate level, and the intervention should be comprehensively administered in terms of sleep duration, physical activity, outdoor activities, as well as overweight and obesity to reduce the occurrence of depression symptoms among middle school students.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967101

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is common in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Early recognition OH is required with sensitive assessments. The purpose of this study was to determine whether blood pressure (BP) changes during exercise can predict the occurrence of OH in PD. @*Methods@#This prospective cohort study included 80 consecutive patients with PD. All patients agreed to participate in a baseline evaluation and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET).According to the initial active standing test (AST), those without OH (PD-nonOH) at baseline had their AST results followed up for 6 months. The main outcome was defined as whether patients without OH at baseline would develop OH after 6 months. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the relevant variables. A nomogram was constructed based on clinical features and identified variables. The concordance index (C-index) and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the accuracy and predictive ability of the nomogram, respectively. @*Results@#CPET results indicated that peak load, peak heart rate, heart rate recovery at 1 min, and systolic BP change (ΔSBP) were lower in those with OH than in the PD-nonOH group (p<0.05) at baseline. Logistic regression analysis indicated that peak load and ΔSBP during CPET had significant effects on OH (p<0.05). Age, sex, peak load, and ΔSBP were used to construct the nomogram model (C-index=0.761). The prediction model had an AUC of 0.782 (95% confidence interval=0.649–0.889) and a specificity and sensitivity of 70.0% and 81.8%, respectively. @*Conclusions@#This study has identified predictive factors for OH development in patients with PD. CPET could be used as a complementary examination to identify patients at a high risk of OH.

6.
Gut and Liver ; : 874-883, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000402

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The accuracy of endosonographers in diagnosing gastric subepithelial lesions (SELs) using endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is influenced by experience and subjectivity. Artificial intelligence (AI) has achieved remarkable development in this field. This study aimed to develop an AI-based EUS diagnostic model for the diagnosis of SELs, and evaluated its efficacy with external validation. @*Methods@#We developed the EUS-AI model with ResNeSt50 using EUS images from two hospitals to predict the histopathology of the gastric SELs originating from muscularis propria. The diagnostic performance of the model was also validated using EUS images obtained from four other hospitals. @*Results@#A total of 2,057 images from 367 patients (375 SELs) were chosen to build the models, and 914 images from 106 patients (108 SELs) were chosen for external validation. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of the model for differentiating gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and non-GISTs in the external validation sets by images were 82.01%, 68.22%, 86.77%, 59.86%, and 78.12%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy in the external validation set by tumors were 83.75%, 71.43%, 89.33%, 60.61%, and 80.56%, respectively. The EUS-AI model showed better performance (especially specificity) than some endosonographers.The model helped improve the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of certain endosonographers. @*Conclusions@#We developed an EUS-AI model to classify gastric SELs originating from muscularis propria into GISTs and non-GISTs with good accuracy. The model may help improve the diagnostic performance of endosonographers. Further work is required to develop a multi-modal EUS-AI system.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1780-1786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the biological characteristics of polycythemia vera (PV) patients with myeloid fibroplasia, and further analyze the risk factors affecting myeloid fibroplasia in PV patients, so as to provide ideas for predicting the occurrence of myeloid fibroplasia in PV patients.@*METHODS@#Forty patients with PV in the Department of Hematology, Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were collected and divided into two groups, with (hyperplasia group) and without (Non-proliferative group) hyperplasia of bone marrow fibers. The differences of basic clinical characteristics, blood routine, biochemistry, bone marrow cells, coagulation function and other indicators between the two groups were compared, and the independent risk factors affecting the proliferation of bone marrow fibrous tissue in PV patients were further analyzed by multivariate regression.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Non-proliferative group, the JAK2 mutation rate (95% vs 70%,P=0.037), eosinophilic cell count (0.19 vs 0.11, P=0.047) and eosinophilic percentage (1.84 vs 1.27, P=0.001) in PV patients with hyperplasia were significantly increased, triglycerides (1.55 vs 1.91, P=0.038) and low-density lipoprotein (1.50 vs 3.08, P=0.000) were significantly reduced, bone marrow hematopoietic volume (0.85 vs 0.6, P=0.001), granulocyte/erythrocyte ratio (3.40 vs 1.89, P=0.033), lymphocyte/erythrocyte ratio (0.60 vs 0.42, P=0.033), and granulocyte+lymphocyte/erythrocyte ratio (3.72 vs 2.37, P=0.026) were significantly increased, thrombin time (18.84 vs 18.12, P=0.043) was significantly prolonged. Multivariate regression analysis results showed that peripheral blood eosinophil ≥2% and low-density lipoprotein ≤2 mmol/L were independent risk factors for bone marrow fibrous tissue hyperplasia in PV patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Increased proportion of peripheral blood eosinophils and decreased low density lipoprotein are risk factors for bone marrow fibrous tissue hyperplasia in PV patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow/pathology , Polycythemia Vera , Hyperplasia/pathology , Granulocytes/pathology , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Risk Factors , Lipoproteins, LDL , Polycythemia/pathology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore lumbar plexus nerve block combined with general anesthesia in elderly patients undergoing hip operation could improve analgesia effect, reduce consumption of analgesics, prevent inflammatory reaction, and avoid postoperative delirium(POD).@*METHODS@#Totally 200 elderly patients underwent hip fracture surgery from February 2020 to September 2021 were selected and were divided into observation group and control group according to different anesthesia methods. There were 97 patients in observation group including 66 males and 33 females; aged (70.23±6.60) years old;body mass index (BMI) was (23.13±1.94) kg·m-2;19 patients with hemi arthroplasty, 46 patients with total hip arthroplasty, and 32 patients with femur intertrochanteric fixation;treated with lumbar plexus block combined with general anesthesia. There were 94 patients in control group, including 66 males and 33 females;aged (68.80±6.24) years old;BMI was (22.88±1.85) kg·m-2;14 patients with hemi arthroplasty, 39 patients with total hip arthroplasty, and 41 patients with femur intertrochanteric fixation;treated with only general anesthesia. Nine patients were separated due to the change of surgical protocol or chronic disease. The incidence of POD at 1, 2 and 3 days after surgery, mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, visual analogue scale (VAS) in resting state, serum inflammatory factors levels [such as C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)] at 1 d before operation, 1 and 6 h after surgery, consumption of sufentanil between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The incidences of POD in observation group were lower than control group at 1, 2 and 3 days of operation (P<0.05), MMSE score in observation group was higher than that of control group (P<0.05), VAS in observation group was lower than that of control group (P<0.01). The incidences of POD decreased and MMSE score were increaed in both groups day by day (P<0.01). The levels of CRP, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in observation group were lower than that of control group at 1 h after operation (P<0.01). The levels of CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α in observation group were lower than that of control group at 6 h after operation (P<0.01), while no statisitical difference in IL-1β between two groups(P>0.05). The consumption of sufentanil in observation group was lower than that of control group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with general anesthesia, lumbar plexus nerve block combined with general anesthesia for the operations of hip fracture in elderly patients has better analgesic effect, has advantages of slight inflammatory reaction, and could decrease consumption of opioid and incidence of POD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Emergence Delirium , Interleukin-6 , Sufentanil , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Hip Fractures/surgery , Anesthesia, General , Inflammation , Lumbosacral Plexus
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015701

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease, β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition and Tau protein hyperphosphorylation are the main pathological features. Silent mating-type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) can deacetylate various types of histones and non-histones, and play an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. Recent studies found that exercise can activate SIRT1 to delay the progression of AD. The mechanisms may be as follows: inhibit the activity of β-secretase and increase the activity of α-secretase to reduce the production of Aβ; reduce the accumulation of hyperphosphorylated Tau protein; interact with PGC-1α to promote mitochondrial biogenesis; up-regulate PINK1/ Parkin signaling pathway to improve mitochondrial autophagy; and deacetylate NF-κB to inhibit neuroinflammation. In addition, the protein levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in hippocampus are increased, and ApoE4 gene is inhibited to enhance synaptic plasticity. This article summarizes the role and mechanisms of exercise in improving AD by regulating SIRT1, and provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of AD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 540-549, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940920

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the platinum drugs resistance effect of N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) overexpression in breast cancer cell line and elucidate the underlining mechanisms. Methods: The experiment was divided into wild-type (MCF-7 wild-type cells without any treatment) group, NAT10 overexpression group (H-NAT10 plasmid transfected into MCF-7 cells) and NAT10 knockdown group (SH-NAT10 plasmid transfected into MCF-7 cells). The invasion was detected by Transwell array, the interaction between NAT10 and PARP1 was detected by co-immunoprecipitation. The impact of NAT10 overexpression or knockdown on the acetylation level of PARP1 and its half-life was also determined. Immunostaining and IP array were used to detect the recruitment of DNA damage repair protein by acetylated PARP1. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis. Results: Transwell invasion assay showed that the number of cell invasion was 483.00±46.90 in the NAT10 overexpression group, 469.00±40.50 in the NAT10 knockdown group, and 445.00±35.50 in the MCF-7 wild-type cells, and the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). In the presence of 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin, the number of cell invasion was 502.00±45.60 in the NAT10 overexpression group and 105.00±20.50 in the NAT10 knockdown group, both statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with 219.00±31.50 in wild-type cells. In the presence of 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin, NAT10 overexpression enhanced the binding of PARP1 to NAT10 compared with wild-type cells, whereas the use of the NAT10 inhibitor Remodelin inhibited the mutual binding of the two. Overexpression of NAT10 induced PARP1 acetylation followed by increased PARP1 binding to XRCC1, and knockdown of NAT10 expression reduced PARP1 binding to XRCC1. Overexpression of NAT10 enhanced PARP1 binding to LIG3, while knockdown of NAT10 expression decreased PARP1 binding to LIG3. In 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin-treated cells, the γH2AX expression level was 0.38±0.02 in NAT10 overexpressing cells and 1.36±0.15 in NAT10 knockdown cells, both statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with 1.00±0.00 in wild-type cells. In 10 μmol/L oxaliplatin treated cells, the apoptosis rate was (6.54±0.68)% in the NAT10 overexpression group and (12.98±2.54)% in the NAT10 knockdown group, both of which were statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with (9.67±0.37)% in wild-type cells. Conclusion: NAT10 overexpression enhances the binding of NAT10 to PARP1 and promotes the acetylation of PARP1, which in turn prolongs the half-life of PARP1, thus enhancing PARP1 recruitment of DNA damage repair related proteins to the damage sites, promoting DNA damage repair and ultimately the survival of breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/enzymology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , MCF-7 Cells , N-Terminal Acetyltransferases/metabolism , Organoplatinum Compounds/pharmacology , Oxaliplatin/pharmacology , X-ray Repair Cross Complementing Protein 1
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 311-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935693

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and sexual development in Chinese children. Methods: A nationwide multicenter and population-based large cross-sectional study was conducted in 13 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China from January 2017 to December 2018. Data on sex, age, height, weight were collected, BMI was calculated and sexual characteristics were analyzed. The subjects were divided into four groups based on age, including ages 3-<6 years, 6-<10 years, 10-<15 years and 15-<18 years. Multiple Logistic regression models were used for evaluating the associations of BMI with sexual development in children. Dichotomous Logistic regression was used to compare the differences in the distribution of early and non-early puberty among normal weight, overweight and obese groups. Curves were drawn to analyze the relationship between the percentage of early puberty and BMI distribution in girls and boys at different Tanner stages. Results: A total of 208 179 healthy children (96 471 girls and 111 708 boys) were enrolled in this study. The OR values of B2, B3 and B4+ in overweight girls were 1.72 (95%CI: 1.56-1.89), 3.19 (95%CI: 2.86-3.57), 7.14 (95%CI: 6.33-8.05) and in obese girls were 2.05 (95%CI: 1.88-2.24), 4.98 (95%CI: 4.49-5.53), 11.21 (95%CI: 9.98-12.59), respectively; while the OR values of G2, G3, G4+ in overweight boys were 1.27 (95%CI: 1.17-1.38), 1.52 (95%CI: 1.36-1.70), 1.88 (95%CI: 1.66-2.14) and in obese boys were 1.27 (95%CI: 1.17-1.37), 1.59 (95%CI: 1.43-1.78), and 1.93 (95%CI: 1.70-2.18) (compared with normal weight Tanner 1 group,all P<0.01). Analysis in different age groups found that OR values of obese girls at B2 stage and boys at G2 stage were 2.02 (95%CI: 1.06-3.86) and 2.32 (95%CI:1.05-5.12) in preschool children aged 3-<6 years, respectively (both P<0.05). And in the age group of 6-10 years, overweight girls had a 5.45-fold risk and obese girls had a 12.54-fold risk of B3 stage compared to girls with normal BMI. Compared with normal weight children, the risk of early puberty was 2.67 times higher in overweight girls, 3.63 times higher in obese girls, and 1.22 times higher in overweight boys, 1.35 times higher in obese boys (all P<0.01). Among the children at each Tanner stages, the percentage of early puberty increased with the increase of BMI, from 5.7% (80/1 397), 16.1% (48/299), 13.8% (27/195) to 25.7% (198/769), 65.1% (209/321), 65.4% (157/240) in girls aged 8-<9, 10-<11 and 11-<12 years, and 6.6% (34/513), 18.7% (51/273), 21.6% (57/264) to 13.3% (96/722), 46.4% (140/302), 47.5% (105/221) in boys aged 9-<10, 12-<13 and 13-<14 years, respectively. Conclusions: BMI is positively correlated with sexual development in both Chinese boys and girls, and the correlation is stronger in girls. Obesity is a risk factor for precocious puberty in preschool children aged 3-<6 years, and 6-<10 years of age is a high risk period for early development in obese girls.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Obesity/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious , Sexual Development
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928214

ABSTRACT

Steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) is one of the commonly used control signals in brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. The SSVEP-based BCI has the advantages of high information transmission rate and short training time, which has become an important branch of BCI research field. In this review paper, the main progress on frequency recognition algorithm for SSVEP in past five years are summarized from three aspects, i.e., unsupervised learning algorithms, supervised learning algorithms and deep learning algorithms. Finally, some frontier topics and potential directions are explored.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography/methods , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Photic Stimulation
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 303-317, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929085

ABSTRACT

Understanding the connection between brain and behavior in animals requires precise monitoring of their behaviors in three-dimensional (3-D) space. However, there is no available three-dimensional behavior capture system that focuses on rodents. Here, we present MouseVenue3D, an automated and low-cost system for the efficient capture of 3-D skeleton trajectories in markerless rodents. We improved the most time-consuming step in 3-D behavior capturing by developing an automatic calibration module. Then, we validated this process in behavior recognition tasks, and showed that 3-D behavioral data achieved higher accuracy than 2-D data. Subsequently, MouseVenue3D was combined with fast high-resolution miniature two-photon microscopy for synchronous neural recording and behavioral tracking in the freely-moving mouse. Finally, we successfully decoded spontaneous neuronal activity from the 3-D behavior of mice. Our findings reveal that subtle, spontaneous behavior modules are strongly correlated with spontaneous neuronal activity patterns.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Behavior, Animal , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Neuroimaging , Rodentia
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the small and dense low density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) level, ratios of sdLDL-C/low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), sdLDL-C/high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and sdLDL-C/apolipoprotein B (apoB), and their correlation with lipid components in healthy adults.Methods:A total of 1 151 healthy adults, who underwent physical examination in Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from September to December 2020 (557 men and 594 women), were included in this study. They were divided into five age groups: 18-29 years old ( n=247), 30-44 years old ( n=269), 45-59 years old ( n=225), 60-74 years old ( n=207) and 75-90 years old ( n=203) according to the age classification standard of the United Nations World Health Organization in 2018. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), HDL-C, LDL-C, sdLDL-C, apoA1 and apoB were measured, and the distribution of sdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, sdLDL-C/HDL-C and sdLDL-C/apoB in different sex and age groups were analyzed. Pearson/Spearman correlation was used to analyze the correlation between the above four indexes and other blood lipid components. Results:SdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, sdLDL-C/HDL-C and sdLDL-C/apoB were higher in male group ([0.56±0.23] mmol/L, 0.24±0.07, 0.49±0.22, 0.27±0.07) than those in female group ([0.48±0.18] mmol/L, 0.20±0.06, 0.36±0.17, 0.23±0.07) (all P<0.01). SdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, sdLDL-C/HDL-C and sdLDL-C/apoB were different among different age groups of male and female participants (all P<0.001). SdLDL-C level was significantly higher in males than in females among 18-29 years old group, 30-44 years old group, 45-59 years old group (all P<0.05). SdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, sdLDL-C/HDL-C and sdLDL-C/apoB were higher in males of 18-29 years old group, 30-44 years old group, 45-59 years old group and 60-74 years old group than in females of corresponding age groups (all P<0.05). The level of sdLDL-C of all participants was positively correlated with TC, TG, LDL-C, apoB, non-HDL-C and remnant cholesterol ( r=0.50, 0.45, 0.67, 0.68, 0.61, 0.11, all P<0.01), and negatively correlated with HDL-C and apoA1 ( r=-0.17 and -0.10, P<0.01). Conclusions:The levels of sdLDL-C, sdLDL-C/LDL-C, sdLDL-C/HDL-C and sdLDL-C/apoB in healthy adults are different in healthy adults of different ages and sex. There is a high correlation between sdLDL-C and apoB.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 904-908, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the displacement characteristics of Garden type III femoral neck fracture and investigate the reliability, validity and clinical value of the frontal Garden index in assessing the displacement degree of Garden type III femoral neck fracture.Methods:The pelvis X-ray films of 98 patients with Garden type III femoral neck fracture treated at Luoyang Orthopedic-Traumatological Hospital of Henan Province (Henan Provincial Orthopedic Hospital) from October 2010 to October 2018 were collected, including 47 males and 51 females; aged 19-89 years [(64.9±16.2) years]. Three-dimensional data of the hip with 64-slice CT were available in 21 patients. Each patient′s frontal Garden index was measured three times by three senior doctors, which was repeated twice in turn. The distribution characteristics of the frontal Garden index were statistically described. The reliability of the frontal Garden index was tested by Spearman correlation coefficient and Kappa coefficient, including test-retest reliability and intra-rater consistency. The contact area of fracture ends and upper-shift distance of the femoral neck were calculated based on three-dimensional CT data of the hip in 21 patients. Correlation analysis of the contact area of fracture ends and upper-shift distance of the femoral neck with the frontal Garden index was performed by multiple correlation analysis to assess the validity of the frontal Garden index.Results:The Frontal Garden index of 98 patients with Garden type III femoral neck fracture was (136±15) °, with the minimum value of 90 ° and maximum value of 159 °, and was found to be normally distributed ( P>0.05). Spearman correlation coefficient of the test-retest reliability was 0.93, 0.97 and 0.95, respectively (all P<0.01). Kappa coefficient of the intra-rater consistency was 0.87, 0.91 and 0.86, respectively (all P<0.01). The frontal Garden index was positively correlated with the contact area of fracture ends ( r=0.80, P<0.01), and was negatively with the upper-shift distance of the femoral neck ( r=-0.77, P<0.01). Conclusions:The displacement degree of Garden type III femoral neck fracture shows diversity and normal distribution. The frontal Garden index can credibly and effectively measure the displacement degree of Garden type III femoral neck fracture, which may help to choose the treatment plan.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 542-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956007

ABSTRACT

Standardized cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of patients prior to the arrival of emergency medical services can significantly improve survival rate after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). According to statistics, about 40% to 85% of CPR led to chest fractures, making bystanders alarm, and reducing the willingness of rescuing by CPR. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a CPR protection device that is convenient for placing in public places outside the hospital and conforms to the operation habit of freehand CPR. In view of the above problems, medical students majored in emergency and rescue medicine and anesthesiology in Xuzhou Medical University, together with students majored in product design in Southeast University, designed a portable CPR protection device under the guidance of doctors working in department of emergency medicine of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, and obtained the national invention patent authorization of China (patent number: ZL 2021 1 0309001.4) and the national utility model patent authorization of China (patent number: ZL 2021 2 0591084.6). The device is composed of a foldable frame, support components, guide slide rails and compression body, which provides guidance and guarantee for the implementation of CPR, thus users can accurately grasp the implementation process, compression amplitude, strength and frequency, and effectively prevent accidental injuries such as rib fractures caused by CPR compression. The device is small, easy to store and move, with low manufacturing cost, making it suitable for social popularization.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1735-1743, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of fusion and non-fusion hybrid operation with Dynesys system with the traditional fusion operation with rigid instrumentation in the patients with multi-segment lumbar degenerative disease.Methods:A total of 30 patients with multi-segment lumbar degenerative disease who were subjected to operation from January 2017 to October 2019 in Shenzhen People's Hospital were included in the study. There were 13 males and 17 females, age: 60.8±13.2 years, range: 25 to 83 years. 28 patients with two segments, 1 with three segments, and 1 with four segments. The patients were divided into two groups, i.e the hybrid operation group (13 cases, 9 males and 4 females, average age: 56.6 years, range: 25 to 83 years) versus the traditional fusion group (17 cases, 4 males and 13 females, average age: 63.9 years, range: 46 to 80 years). The main outcome measures were visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), range of motion (ROM), adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) and complications.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in operation data, such as operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume and length of hospitalization, between the two groups. There were no significant differences for ROM in the surgical segments between the two groups before operation (hybrid group and traditional group were 9.6°±4.9° vs. 8.9°±6.1°, t=0.341, P=0.736, respectively). However, after 12 months follow-up, the ROM disappeared in the traditional group and was partially preserved in the hybrid group, with statistically significant differences (hybrid group and traditional group were 5.4°±2.7° vs. 0°, t=9.104, P=0.001, respectively). There was a statistical difference in intervertebral disc height between the two groups at 12 months post-operation, though no statistical difference was found before operation (8.8±1.9 mm vs. 10.5±1.7 mm, t=2.927, P=0.006). There was no statistically significant difference in the intervertebral disc height of the upper adjacent vertebrae between the two groups before and after operation. There were statistically significant differences in ODI scores before operation (63.4%±11.0% vs. 71.3%±9.2%, t=2.146, P=0.041), and 12 months post-operation (17.2%±2.1% vs. 15.5%±2.3%, t=2.091, P=0.046), while no statistical difference was found in VAS scores. Conclusion:The fusion and non-fusion hybrid operation with Dynesys system has comparable clinical efficacy with the traditional fusion operation with rigid instrumentation in the treatment of multisegment lumbar degenerative disease. Meanwhile, the hybrid surgery can preserve the motion of surgical segments and provide a dynamic stability of the vertebral body. The hybrid surgery can be used as a new surgical method for multi-segment lumbar degenerative disease.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#High fat-induced podocyte injury is one of the important factors leading to obesity related nephropathy (ORG), but the mechanism is not clear. This study aims to explore the mechanism of period circadian clock 3 (PER3) in the oxidative stress and inflammation induced by palmitic acid (PA) in podocytes.@*METHODS@#The C57BL/6J mice were fed with chow and high-fat diet for 16 weeks. The PER3 expression in kidney tissues were detected in the normal body weight group and the obesity group. The PER3 mRNA and protein expression were detected after the podocytes were induced with different concentrations (0, 50, 150 and 300 μmol/L) of PA for 48 h. The PER3 mRNA and protein expression were detected after the podocytes were induced with 150 μmol/L PA for 0, 24, 36, and 48 h. Triglyceride (TG) levels were examined in the PA group, the adenovirus (ad)-PER3+PA group, and the siRNA-PER+PA group after the podocytes were transfected by Ad-PER3 or small interfering RNA (siRNA)-PER3 for 48 h and subsequently were induced with 150 μmol/L PA for 48 h. The differential gene expression was detected using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) after podocytes were transfected by siRNA-PER3 (siRNA-PER3 group) and siRNA-control (siRNA-control group), respectively. The mRNA levels of nephrin, podocin, podocalyxin, podoplanin, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), catalase (CAT), and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) were detected after podocytes were transfected with Ad-PER3 or Ad-control for 48 h and then they were induced by 150 μmol/L PA for 48 h.@*RESULTS@#The PER3 was down-regulated in the obesity group compared with the normal body weight group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#PER3 can decrease the PA-induced oxidative stress and inflammatory factor secretion via inhibiting the lipogenesis in podocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Circadian Clocks , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Podocytes/metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application and effect of team-based learning (TBL) combined with flipped classroom in the teaching of physiology.Methods:A total of 70 medical students were selected and randomly divided into two groups, experimental group ( n=34) and control group ( n=36). Both groups studied digestion physiology by different method. In the experimental group, the students were taught by TBL combined with flipped classroom. The control group was given traditional teaching. The students studied and discussed problems in a team, and shared the answers in the flipped classroom. The effects of teaching were evaluated by the final test scores and the self-made questionnaire. SPSS 17.0 was used for t test on data comparison between the two groups. Results:The test scores of digestion physiology in the experimental group were (5.47±1.02) points, which were significantly higher than those of the control group (4.42±1.63) points, with significant differences ( P=0.020). A total of 34 questionnaires were issued and 34 valid questionnaires were collected, with an effective rate of 100%. The questionnaire results showed that TBL combined with flipped classroom was accepted and approved by about 82% of students in the experimental group who agreed that the teaching model helps enhance students' initiative and interest in learning, develop their sense of cooperation and comprehensive application ability. Conclusion:TBL combined with flipped classroom is feasible and effective in the physiological teaching, and it can be popularized in medical courses.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predicting value of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and albumin (Alb) ratio on prognosis of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA).Methods:A total of 107 patients with IHCA and spontaneous circulation recovery (ROSC) after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University during January 1, 2017 and September 30, 2020 were selected as the subjects and divided into the survival group and death group according to the survival condition on day 14 after IHCA. The correlation between ratio of high sensitivity C-reactive protein/albumin (hs-CRP/Alb) and the prognosis of patients was analyzed.Results:No statistical significant differences were found between the survival and death groups in sex, age, medical history, ECG monitoring, recovery ventilation mode, percentage of first monitoring of heart rate and pre-resuscitation Alb (all P > 0.05). However, there were significant differences in the percentage of non-cardiogenic CA and adrenaline dose > 5 mg, time of CPR, concentrations of blood lactic acid, Alb, hs-CRP, and ratio of hs-CRP/Alb (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that percentage of adrenaline dose > 5 mg, concentration of blood lactic acid, time of CPR, and ratio of hs-CRP/Alb were independent risk factors for predicting death. ROC curve analysis showed that hs-CRP/Alb ratio, and concentration of hs-CRP and Alb had predictive value on the death of patients with IHCA; the areas under the curves of hs-CRP/Alb ratio, hs-CRP and Alb concentration were 0.876, 0.864 and 0.745, respectively. The predictive efficiency of hs-CRP/Alb ratio was better than that of hs-CRP concentration or Alb concentration. Conclusions:hs-CRP/Alb ratio has predictive value for the prognosis of patients with IHCA and the predictive value is superior to that of hs-CRP and Alb concentration.

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