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Journal of the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine ; : 53-61, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886224


Few reports have described assessment methods or exercise interventions in detail for patients isolated with COVID-19. Here, we report our experience of providing physical therapy to these patients based on motor assessment with consideration of infection control. This study involved 4 patients with COVID-19 who needed physical therapy due to a fall or frailty during isolation. The assessment method used was intended to minimize physical contact, to be easily performed, and to reflect muscle strength and balance. Based on the assessment, we created exercise programs and provided exercise intervention to the patients in cooperation with nurses. One patient was discharged early; the other 3 patients showed improved motor function and activities of daily living as a result of the intervention in the acute ward. However, they needed ongoing rehabilitation in the rehabilitation ward. No physical therapists showed signs of COVID-19 infection. Performing motor assessments and providing exercise intervention to these patients isolated with COVID-19 contributed to motor improvement and enabled us to promptly determine whether they needed ongoing rehabilitation.

Journal of the Japanese Association of Rural Medicine ; : 351-2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842956


The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a widely used measure of attention impairment. The time needed to complete the TMT (TMT score) is longer with greater impairment of attention in patients with brain diseases. TMT score becomes large in a proportion of patients with minor ischemic stroke. The Japanese version of the TMT- (TMT-J) was published in 2019. The purpose of this study was to clarify serial changes in TMT-J scores in patients with minor ischemic stroke. We retrospectively reviewed the TMT-J scores in those patients who completed the test both 8-14 days and 29-35 days after stroke onset. On initial evaluation, 1 of 21 patients could not complete TMT-J Part A. TMT-J Part A scores had a mean of 67 s and were abnormally large in 45% of the 20 patients who completed this part. Two of these 20 patients could not complete TMT-J Part B. TMT-J Part B scores had a mean of 135 s and were abnormally large in 61% of the 18 patients who completed this part. On second evaluation, scores on Part A and Part B improved in 76% and 73% of patients, respectively. This study demonstrated that abnormal TMT-J scores 8-14 days after onset of minor ischemic stroke improved over time in most patients.

Psychiatry Investigation ; : 739-742, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715596


Many patients with mental disorders visit emergency departments (EDs). However, the majority of these patients do not receive psychiatric assessment. In the present study, we investigated the detailed proportion of patients with mental disorders visiting an urban ED in the largest northern city in Japan. A retrospective chart review study was performed at a University Hospital from January 2012 to December 2015. The reasons for psychiatric consultations made by ED staff, and the primary psychiatric diagnoses were investigated. Among all living patients, 20% of them received consultations. The most common reason for consultation was suicide attempt followed by agitation or insomnia. Of all diagnoses, organic mental disorder was the most frequent and the mean age was significantly higher than the other diagnostic groups. Our study indicated that the frequency of psychiatric consultation was high. This indicates the high demand for mental health services at the ED. A thorough psychiatric assessment can provide adequate psychiatric services to acute patients; thereby possibly preventing suicide attempters from later actually dying by suicide.

Humans , Diagnosis , Dihydroergotamine , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Japan , Mental Disorders , Mental Health Services , Neurocognitive Disorders , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Suicide