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Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 295-298, 2000.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366600


This study was designed to assess the role of macrophages in saphenous vein graft disease after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Three newly harvested saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) and 6 SVGs removed from patients 8 to 15 years after CABG (3 were occluded soon after the operation and 3 became diseased after a long period) were immunostained for macrophages and investigated microscopically. No macrophages were detected in the newly harvested SVGs. In the grafts with early occlusion, macrophages were detected only in the superficial layer of the intima. In the grafts that became diseased after a long period, macrophage accumulation was detected at the site of atherosclerotic lesions. In the pathogenesis of arterial atherosclerotic lesions, vascular endothelial cell damage and subsequent subendothelial migration of monocytes/macrophages in the early phase are thought to be very important. This study revealed that macrophage migration into the intima of SVGs occurs soon after surgery and suggested it could be the basis of saphenous vein graft disease occurring long after CABG.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 264-267, 1996.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366233


A 69-year-old man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting using the right gastroepiploic artery 2 years previously, was hospitalized with acute epigastralgia. Gastroscopy showed an early gastric cancer in the greater curvature of the corpus and ultrasonography of the abdomen revealed acute cholecystitis due to a stone impacted in the cystic duct. The subtotal gastrectomy and the cholecystectomy with preservation of the right gastroepiploic artery graft were performed. The surgical margin of the resected specimen was negative for cancer. The postoperative course was uneventful. After coronary artery bypass grafting using the right gastroepiploic artery, annual gastroscopy is recommended.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 46-49, 1996.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366184


An 80-year-old male patient had complained of left abdominal pain since 1990, and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) 5.3cm in diameter was diagnosed by computed tomography (CT). The patient was NYHA class III with complaints of chest pain during exercise. Coronary arteriography showed that he had three-vessel disease. At that time, aneurysmectomy was not anticipated due to his age and because the AAA showed no tendency to enlarge. However, in October 1993, CT showed that the AAA rapidly enlarged to 6.8cm in diameter. Due to the greater risk of rupture of the AAA, aneurysmectomy was considered necessary. The operative mortality associated with aneurysmectomy in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is higher than that in patients without CAD. Therefore, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was indicated prior to aneurysmectomy. The patient underwent CABG (two vessels) in December 1993, and aneurysmectomy was successfully performed in February 1994. He was discharged uneventfully 17 days after the operation.