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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366214


We present a case of solitary arteriosclerotic aneurysm of the profunda femoris artery (PFA), which is very rare among peripheral aneurysms and a reviewed the 19 cases reported in the Japanese literature. A 78-year-old man had a chief complaint of a painful pulsatile mass in the left thigh. Enhanced CT showed the ruptured solitary aneurysm of the PFA. The aneurysm was 6.8cm in diameter. It was removed after ligation of the the PFA. In the Japanese literature, the mean age of patients with solitary arteriosclerotic aneurysm of the PFA was 73 (64-84), all patients were males, the rate of rupture of PFA aneurysm was 47%, and the mean diameter was 8.9cm. In our case, we simply ligated the aneurysm because the patient did not have any evidence of peripheral artery occlusive disease and the distal artery of the aneurysm was very small. However, there is a need to reconstruct the PFA whenever possible because the surgical importance of PFA in occlusive arterial disease has been recognized.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366213


A 6-year-old girl who had undergone repair of an endocardial cushion defect 4.5 years previously, developed discrete subaortic stenosis requiring surgical intervention. On two-dimensional echocardiography a membrane was visualized below the aortic valve. A pressure gradient of 97mmHg was recorded across the left ventricular outflow tract by cardiac catheterization. Operative findings showed a fibrous ring tissue just below the aortic valve, which was peeled away by sharp dissection. Postoperative cardiac catheterization revealed a 25mmHg pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract. Two years later, she continues to do well and the pressure gradient remains unchanged on Doppler echocardiography.