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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 413-417, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016660

ABSTRACT

Three 2,3-diketoquinoxaline alkaloids were isolated from Heterosmilax yunnanensis Gagnep. Their structures were determined through 1D and 2D NMR, HR-ESI-MS, UV, and IR as 1-[5′-(3″-hydroxy-3″-methyl) glutaryl] ribityl-2,3-diketo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6,7-dimethylquinoxaline (1), 1-[2′-(3″-hydroxy-3″-methyl) glutaryl]ribityl-2,3-diketo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6,7-dimethylquinoxaline (2), and 1-ribityl-2,3-diketo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6,7-dimethylquinoxaline (3). Compounds 1 and 2 are novel compounds, and 3 was isolated from H. yunnanensis for the first time. The hepatoprotective activity of these three compounds was evaluated, with compound 3 showing promising hepatoprotective activity.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 382-394, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016643

ABSTRACT

Based on the strategy of metabolomics combined with bioinformatics, this study analyzed the potential allergens and mechanism of pseudo-allergic reactions (PARs) induced by the combined use of Reduning injection and penicillin G injection. All animal experiments and welfare are in accordance with the requirements of the First Affiliated Experimental Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee of Henan University of Chinese Medicine (approval number: YFYDW2020002). Based on UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology combined with UNIFI software, a total of 21 compounds were identified in Reduning and penicillin G mixed injection. Based on molecular docking technology, 10 potential allergens with strong binding activity to MrgprX2 agonist sites were further screened. Metabolomics analysis using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology revealed that 34 differential metabolites such as arachidonic acid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, prostaglandins, and leukotrienes were endogenous differential metabolites of PARs caused by combined use of Reduning injection and penicillin G injection. Through the analysis of the "potential allergen-target-endogenous differential metabolite" interaction network, the chlorogenic acids (such as chlorogenic acid, neochlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, and isochlorogenic acid A) and β-lactam allergens in the combination of the two may be mainly regulated by PLD1, PLA2G12A and CYP1A1. The three upstream signal target proteins mainly activate the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway, promote the degranulation of mast cells, release downstream endogenous inflammatory mediators, and induce PARs.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 88-97, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015151

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the stress change characteristics of the cervical disc after removing different ranges of the uncinate process by establishing a three⁃dimensional finite element model of the C

4.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 676-681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015159

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of liraglutide on the paraquat (PQ)⁃ induced Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model. Methods Totally 24 Kunming mice were randomly divided into control group, PQ group and PQ +liraglutide group, 8 mice in each group. PD model was established by intraperitoneal injection of PQ (10 mg/kg) for 5 consecutive days, and liraglutide (50 nmol/kg) was injected intraperitoneally for 7 consecutive days. The free⁃standing and locomotor activity of mice were measured by behavioral method. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the number of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba1) immunoreactive cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of protein TH, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), mitofusin⁃2 (Mfn2) and dynamin⁃related protein 1 (Drp1). Results The numbers of free⁃standing and locomotor activity numbers decreased significantly (P<0.01, P < 0.05) in PQ group compared with the control group, and the number of TH immunoreactive cells and TH protein expression in substantia nigra decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.01) compared with the control group, while the number of Iba1 immunoreactive cells and GFAP protein expression increased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.01) compared with the control group; the expression of Drp1 protein in PQ group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05), while the Mfn2 protein expression decreased significantly (P<0.05) compared with the control group. After treatment with liraglutide, the number of TH positive cells in PQ + liraglutide group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05); the numbers of free⁃standing and locomotor activity increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.05) in PQ + liraglutide group compared with the PQ group, and the number of TH positive cells and expression of TH protein in PQ + liraglutide group were significantly higher than that in PQ group (P<0.01, P< 0.01); while the number of Iba1 positive cells and GFAP protein expression decreased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05) compared with the PQ group; the Drp1 protein expression decreased significantly (P<0.01) compared with the PQ group, while the expression of Mfn2 protein in PQ + liraglutide group was significantly higher than that in PQ group (P<0.01). Conclusion Liraglutide has neuroprotective effect by reducing neuroinflammation in substantia nigra, regulating mitochondrial fusion and fission.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014732

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a long-term, chronic, recurrent, multi-factorial, multi-symptomatic nervous system disease, and was caused by abnormal discharge of brain neurons. Etiology can cause irreversible brain dysfunction and even death. There are about 6.5 million children with epilepsy in China, with incidence rate twice that of adult, presenting serious threaten to children's growth and development. Vitamin D has been well-known for crucial importance to development of nervous, skeletal, and immune system. Studies have found that pediatric epilepsy as well as other neurological diseases were closely related with vitamin D deficiency. First, a large number of studies have shown that vitamin D in children with epilepsy is affected by epilepsy itself; second, the use of anti-seizure medicines can alter metabolism of vitamin D by inducing cytochrome oxidases; third, the inducement was concerned to varieties, combination and duration of anti-seizure medicines; fourth, it was expected that supplement of vitamin D during antiepileptic treatment would guarantee an improvement of treating given that anti-seizure medicines may lead to deficiency of vitamin D. Large numbers of researches have reported on the correlation ship between pediatric epilepsy and vitamin D. However, there is still a lack of systematic review. This article aims to retrospect the research progress of relationship between pediatric epilepsy and vitamin D, and provide valuable feedbacks on further treatment of pediatric epilepsy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014625

ABSTRACT

AIM: Diabetes mellitus affects the pharmacokinetics of cytochrome P450 3A4 / 5 (CYP3A4/5) substrates. We evaluated the relationship between haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and the pharmacokinetics of controlled-release tacrolimus. METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study included kidney transplant recipients (>18 years) receiving controlled-release tacrolimus orally. CYP3A5 genotypes were categorized as expressers (*1/*1 or *1/*3) and non-expressers (*3/*3). Multiple linear regression analysis determined the predictors for trough concentration / dose-normalized by body weight (C/D) ratio of tacrolimus at 7 days, 6 months and 12 months after administration. Correlations between the C/D ratio and HbA1c levels at baseline, 6 and 12 months after tacrolimus initiation were evaluated with Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: Out of 42 patients (CYP3A5 expressers, n=56, and non-expressers, n= 83), the multiple linear regression analysis showed that the C/D ratio on Day 7 was marginally higher in CYP3A5 non-expressers than in CYP3A5 expressers. Factors affecting the elevation of tacrolimus C/ D ratio after 6 and 12 months of treatment were male sex and CYP3A5 non-expressers and increased HbA1c levels and CYP3A5 non-expressers, respectively. The C/D ratio and HbA1c levels after 12 months was positively correlated in CYP3A5 non-expressers (y=54.6x+194.6, R=0.63, P=0.004, Bonferroni correction). Furthermore, intra-individual changes in the C/D ratio and HbA1c levels from 6 to 12 months were nearly correlated (y=54.5x + 20.2, R=0.41, P=0.036, Bonferroni correction). CONCLUSION: HbA1c and CYP3A5 genotypes might be considered to understand the inter- and intra-individual variability in blood tacrolimus concentrations after 6 months post-kidney transplantation.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 588-593, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013828

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the antitumor effect of cispl-atin ( DDP) chemotherapy promoted by Taohong Siwu Decoction (TSD) on mice with lung adenocarcinoma mice. Methods Lewis lung carcinoma cell line was used to make homologous lung adenocarcinoma trans¬plantation mouse model. Normal control, Model, TSD, DDP, TSD + DDP groups were set up. The change of transplanted tumor volume after administration was observed, the weight of transplanted tumor was weighed, the expression of Ki67 in transplanted tumor tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry, TUNEL was detected by fluorescence staining, Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved Caspase-3 and cleaved Caspase-9 were detected by immunoblotting, and the content of D-dirtier in plasma was measured by ELISA. Results DDP plus TSD significantly inhibited the growth of transplanted tumor. Ki67 expression in tumor tissue was lower than that in DDP group (28. 3% ±3. 1% vs 40. 3% ±2.1% ). The combined use of TSD and DDP significantly promoted the apoptosis level of transplanted tumor. The positive rate of TUNEL was significantly higher than that of DDP group (41. 0% ±3.0% vs 30.7% ± 4.5%). Bax, cleaved Caspase-3 and cleaved Caspase-9 expressions in tumor tissue were also higher than those of DDP group, while the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly lower than that of DDP group. Moreover, we found a significant interaction between TSD and DDP on the expression of four apoptotic proteins ( P < 0.05 ) . The plasma D-dimer content in TSD + DDP group was significantly lower than that in DDP group (188. 50 ± 28. 46 vs 269.80 ± 35.92) μg • L

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004847

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the prediction of clinical red blood cells (RBCs) consumption under major public health emergencies, so as to provide scientific basis for blood collection and blood inventory management. 【Methods】 The clinical consumption of different types of RBCs in Yichang from 2001 to 2017 was analyzed and modeled using the recurrent neural network (RNN) model, and the clinical RBCs consumption between January 2019 and December 2021(36 months) were scientifically predicted. 【Results】 The RNN model showed good prediction performance. The root mean square errors (RMSE) of RNN prediction values of A, B, O, AB type of RBCs were 156.7, 133.4, 204.2 and 51.3, respectively, with the average relative errors (MRE) at 6.4%, 6.6%, 8.5% and 7.1%, respectively. The model predicted the changing trend of RBCs consumption during the first round of COVID-19 outbreak (January to June, 2020) and forecasted the lowest level of consumption in February 2020 and a subsequent recovery in growth. The prediction of RBCs consumption during the second round of COVID-19 pandemic (January to June, 2021) was of high accuracy. For example, the relative errors of RNN models for A type RBCs consumption were 5.2% in Feb 2021 (the lowest level, 1 621.5 U) and 2.5% in May 2021 (the highest level, 2 397.0 U). 【Conclusion】 The artificial intelligence RNN model can predict clinical RBCs consumption well under major public health emergencies.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infection after receiving the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine could create a strong immunity barrier.@*METHODS@#Blood samples were collected at two different time points from 124 Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infected patients and 124 controls matched for age, gender, and vaccination profile. Live virus-neutralizing antibodies against five SARS-CoV-2 variants, including WT, Gamma, Beta, Delta, and Omicron BA.1, and T-lymphocyte lymphocyte counts in both groups were measured and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The neutralizing antibody titers against five different variants of SARS-CoV-2 were significantly increased in the vaccinated population infected with the Omicron BA.1 variant at 3 months after infection, but mainly increased the antibody level against the WT strain, and the antibody against the Omicron strain was the lowest. The neutralizing antibody level decreased rapidly 6 months after infection. The T-lymphocyte cell counts of patients with mild and moderate disease recovered at 3 months and completely returned to the normal state at 6 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Omicron BA.1 breakthrough infection mainly evoked humoral immune memory in the original strain after vaccination and hardly produced neutralizing antibodies specific to Omicron BA.1. Neutralizing antibodies against the different strains declined rapidly and showed features similar to those of influenza. Thus, T-lymphocytes may play an important role in recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Breakthrough Infections , COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , T-Lymphocytes , China/epidemiology , Antibodies, Viral
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1069-1078, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978747

ABSTRACT

italic>Artemisia argyi (A. argyi) is a Chinese herbal medicine in China. The main active components are volatile oils, flavonoids, and other compounds, which have various pharmacological activities. Methoxylated flavonoids are the main active ingredients in A. argyi. Flavonoid O-methyltransferase (FOMT) is a key enzyme in the O-methylation of flavonoids. In order to further understand the function and characteristics of FOMT proteins, this paper carried out the whole genome mining and identification of FOMT genes in A. argyi and performed phylogenetic, chromosomal localization, gene sequence characterization, subcellular localization prediction, protein structure, gene structure analysis, and expression pattern analysis. The results showed that a total of 83 FOMT genes were identified in the genome of A. argyi. The phylogenetic tree shows that FOMT genes are divided into two subgroups, CCoAOMT (caffeoyl CoA O-methyltransferase) subfamily (32 genes) and COMT (caffeic acid O-methyltransferase) subfamily (51 genes). Gene sequence analysis showed that the number of amino acids encoded by FOMT was 70-734 aa, the molecular weight was 25 296.55-34 241.3 Da, and the isoelectric point was 4.51-9.99. Compared with 32 members of the CCoAOMT subfamily, nearly 1/3 of the 51 members of the COMT subfamily were hydrophobic proteins and 2/3 were hydrophilic proteins. Subcellular localization prediction showed that more than 80% of CCoAOMT subfamily members were located in the cytoplasm, and 96% of COMT subfamily members were located in the chloroplast. COMT subfamily members have more motifs than CCoAOMT subfamily members. The N-terminal motifs of COMT subfamily proteins are relatively variable, while the C-terminal motifs are relatively conserved. Expression pattern analysis showed that CCoAOMT subfamily members were mainly expressed in roots, while COMT members were mainly expressed in leaves. Some FOMTs showed the tissue expression specificity by real-time quantitative PCR analysis, especially in leaves. In this study, we identified and analyzed the FOMT gene family in A. argyi, and provided a theoretical basis for further research on the function of FOMTs and the biosynthesis of methylated flavonoids in A. argyi.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) on hematopoietic reconstruction in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) model.@*METHODS@#The C57BL/6 mice were employed as the donors, and BALB/c mice as recipients. The bone marrow mononuclear cells of the donor mice were extracted and pretreated, which then were injected with 5×106 per mouse through the tail vein of the recipient to establish an allo-HSCT model. The implantation of hematopoietic stem cells in the recipient mice was detected by flow cytometry on the 28th day after transplantation. Next, the successfully modeled recipient mice were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The rhTPO was injected into mice in the experimental group on the first day after transplantation, while the saline was injected into mice in the control group. Both groups were injected for 14 consecutive days. The peripheral blood and bone marrow hematopoiesis of the two groups were observed on day 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The expression rate of H-2Kb in the bone marrow of recipient mice was 43.85% (>20%) on the 28th day after transplantation, which indicated that the recipient mice were successfully chimerized. Meanwhile, counts of PLTs on the day 3, 7, 14, and 21 after transplantation in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group with statistical significances (P<0.05). In addition, hematopoietic function of bone marrow was suppressed in both groups on day 1, 3 and 7 after transplantation, but hematopoietic bone marrow hyperplasia was better in the experimental group than in the control group. On day 14 and 21 after transplantation, the hematopoietic function of bone marrow in the two groups was recovered, and the experimental group showed more obvious than the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#rhTPO can effectively stimulate the production of PLTs and facilitate the recovery of white blood cells and hemoglobin after allo-HSCT, and promote hematopoietic recovery and reconstitution of bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Thrombopoietin , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Bone Marrow , Recombinant Proteins , Mice, Inbred BALB C
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association of ventricular septal defect (VSD) with rare variations in the promoter region of HAND2 gene, as well as related molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Blood samples were collected from 349 children with VSD and 345 healthy controls. The target fragments were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced to identify the rare variation sites in the promoter region of the HAND2 gene. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to perform a functional analysis of the variation sites. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) was used to investigate related molecular mechanisms. TRANSFAC and JASPAR databases were used to predict transcription factors.@*RESULTS@#Sequencing revealed that three variation sites (g.173530852A>G, g.173531173A>G, and g.173531213C>G) were only observed in the promoter region of the HAND2 gene in 10 children with VSD, among whom 4 children had only one variation site. The dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that g.173531213C>G reduced the transcriptional activity of the HAND2 gene promoter. EMSA and transcription factor prediction revealed that g.173531213C>G created a binding site for transcription factor.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rare variation, g.173531213C>G, in the promoter region of the HAND2 gene participates in the development and progression of VSD possibly by affecting the binding of transcription factors.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Base Sequence , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 41-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970171

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish and validate a nomogram model for predicting the risk of microvascular invasion(MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 210 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy at Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery,the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2013 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 169 males and 41 females, aged(M(IQR)) 57(12)years(range:30 to 80 years). The patients were divided into model group(the first 170 cases) and validation group(the last 40 cases) according to visit time. Based on the clinical data of the model group,rank-sum test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the independent related factors of MVI. R software was used to establish a nomogram model to predict the preoperative MVI risk of hepatocellular carcinoma,and the validation group data were used for external validation. Results: Based on the modeling group data,the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine that cut-off value of DeRitis ratio,γ-glutamyltransferase(GGT) concentration,the inverse number of activated peripheral blood T cell ratio (-aPBTLR) and the maximum tumor diameter for predicting MVI, which was 0.95((area under curve, AUC)=0.634, 95%CI: 0.549 to 0.719), 38.2 U/L(AUC=0.604, 95%CI: 0.518 to 0.689),-6.05%(AUC=0.660, 95%CI: 0.578 to 0.742),4 cm(AUC=0.618, 95%CI: 0.533 to 0.703), respectively. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that DeRitis≥0.95,GGT concentration ≥38.2 U/L,-aPBTLR>-6.05% and the maximum tumor diameter ≥4 cm were independent related factors for MVI in hepatocellular carcinoma patients(all P<0.05). The nomogram prediction model based on the above four factors established by R software has good prediction efficiency. The C-index was 0.758 and 0.751 in the model group and the validation group,respectively. Decision curve analysis and clinical impact curve showed that the nomogram model had good clinical benefits. Conclusions: DeRitis ratio,serum GGT concentration,-aPBTLR and the maximum tumor diameter are valuable factors for preoperative prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma with MVI. A relatively reliable nomogram prediction model could be established on them.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 466-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985702

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of the MeltPro MTB assays in the diagnosis of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used to retrospectively collect all 4 551 patients with confirmed tuberculosis between January 2018 and December 2019 at Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University. Phenotypic drug sensitivity test and GeneXpert MTB/RIF (hereafter referred to as "Xpert") assay were used as gold standards to analyze the accuracy of the probe melting curve method. The clinical value of this technique was also evaluated as a complementary method to conventional assays of drug resistance to increase the detective rate of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Results: By taking the phenotypic drug susceptibility test as the gold standard, the sensitivity of the MeltPro MTB assays to detect resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol and fluoroquinolone was 14/15, 95.7%(22/23), 2/4 and 8/9,respectively; and the specificity was 92.0%(115/125), 93.2%(109/117), 90.4%(123/136) and 93.9%(123/131),respectively; the overall concordance rate was 92.1%(95%CI:89.6%-94.1%),and the Kappa value of the consistency test was 0.63(95%CI:0.55-0.72).By taking the Xpert test results as the reference, the sensitivity of this technology to the detection of rifampicin resistance was 93.6%(44/47), the specificity was100%(310/310), the concordance rate was 99.2%(95%CI:97.6%-99.7%), and the Kappa value of the consistency test was 0.96(95%CI:0.93-0.99). The MeltPro MTB assays had been used in 4 551 confirmed patients; the proportion of patients who obtained effective drug resistance results increased from 83.3% to 87.8%(P<0.01); and detection rate of rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol, fluoroquinolone resistance, multidrug and pre-extensive drug resistance cases were increased by 3.2%, 14.7%, 22.2%, 13.7%, 11.2% and 12.5%, respectively. Conclusion: The MeltPro MTB assays show satisfactory accuracy in the diagnosis of drug-resistant tuberculosis. This molecular pathological test is an effective complementary method in improving test positivity of drug-resistant tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Antibiotics, Antitubercular/therapeutic use , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Ethambutol/pharmacology , Isoniazid/pharmacology , Paraffin Embedding , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy
15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2035-2039, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998486

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rg1 injection combined with inosine tablets and vitamin B1 on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF), pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide(PACAP)and clinical efficacy in primary retinitis pigmentosa.METHODS: A total of 50 patients(100 eyes)with primary retinitis pigmentosa who admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from August 2019 to March 2022 were selected as the research object. They were divided into the study group and the control group according to random number table, with 50 eyes in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with inosine tablets and vitamin B1, while patients in the study group were treated with ginsenoside Rg1 injection on the basis of the control group. The expression of BDNF and PACAP in serum, electroretinogram and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography(SD-OCT)were compared before and after treatment, and the retinal thickness(RT), mean deviation(MD), clinical efficacy and safety indexes were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: There were no differences in the MD of the two groups before treatment(t=1.670, P=0.098), while the MD of the study group was significantly lower than that of the control group after treatment(t=3.628, P&#x003C;0.01). Before treatment, RT with a diameter of 1mm at the circle of macular fovea was compared between the two groups(t=0.108, P=0.914), it was significantly higher than that in the control group after treatment(t=6.125, P&#x003C;0.01). Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the results of dark adaptation of electroretinogram between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). After treatment, the results of dark adaptation in the study group were significantly better than those in the control group(all P&#x003C;0.01). Before treatment, there was no significant difference in the results of electroretinogram adaptation between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). After treatment, the results of electroretinogram adaptation in the study group were significantly better than those in the control group(all P&#x003C;0.01). There was no significant difference in BDNF and PACAP between the two groups before treatment(all P&#x003E;0.05). BDNF and PACAP in the study group were higher than those of the control group after treatment(all P&#x003C;0.01). After treatment, no adverse reactions were observed in both groups.CONCLUSION: The treatment of patients with primary retinitis pigmentosa with ginsenoside will improve the retinal function and promote the prognosis of the disease by regulating the expression of BDNF and PACAP, and it is highly safe.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1781-1786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996884

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the protective effect of salvianolic acid B on retina and its influence on angiogenesis in retinal vein occlusion(RVO)injured rats.METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group and salvianolic acid B group, with 10 rats in each group. In addition to the control group, rats in model group and salvianolic acid B group were induced RVO by Bengal red combined with laser photodynamic method. The rats in salvianolic acid B group were intraperitoneally injected with salvianolic acid B 50 mg/(kg·d), while the rats in control group and model group were only given the same amount of normal saline for 21 consecutive days. Fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA)was used to observe the retinal vein structure before and after administration. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of rat retina. The retinal function of rats was evaluated by electroretinogram(ERG). The fluorescence expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA)in retina of rats in each group was detected by immunofluorescence staining. The relative expression of HIF-1α, STAT3, p-STAT3 and VEGFA proteins in retinal tissue were detected by Western blotting.RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the blood flow at the retinal obstruction in the model group was recanalized, and the effective collateral circulation was abundant, but the shape was irregular, and there was fluorescence leakage. In salvianolic acid B group, the retinal vein circulation recovered, the shape became regular gradually, and the collateral vessels decreased. The retina of the model group and salvianolic acid B group showed different degrees of pathological damage. At the same time, the amplitude of ERG a wave and b wave, the thickness of retinal total layer(RTL), inner nuclear layer(INL)and outer nuclear layer(ONL)decreased, the fluorescence intensity of VEGFA enhanced, and the relative expression of HIF-1α, p-STAT3 and VEGFA protein increased(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). Compared with the model group, the retinal histopathological damage of salvianolic acid B rats was alleviated, the amplitude of ERG a-wave and b-wave, the thickness of RTL, INL and ONL were increased, the fluorescence intensity of VEGFA was weakened, and the relative expression of HIF-1α, p-STAT3 and VEGFA proteins was decreased(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Salvianolic acid B can alleviate the retinal histopathological injury and improve retinal function in RVO rats, which may be related to inhibiting the activation of HIF-1α/STAT3/VEGFA pathway and reducing angiogenesis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996085

ABSTRACT

In order to achieve the goal of integration, homogeneity, a net and a center of medical groups in Hainan province, Hainan province built an integrated management information platform of urban medical alliances and county medical communities based on projects such as the provincial three medical linkage information platform in February 2022. The overall architecture of the medical alliance and medical community platform was divided into system integration layer, data center layer, service layer and application layer. The service layer included four major systems: unified operation management platform, business center, performance evaluation management platform and comprehensive supervision subsystem, which was the core hub connecting the data center layer and application layer, and also was the unified operation and closed-loop management platform of the medical alliance and medical community. As of November 2022, the platform had covered 31 medical alliances or medical communities in 19 cities and counties of Hainan province, achieving information exchange, personnel interaction, resource sharing, business collaboration, and data integration among member units, narrowing the gap between urban and rural medical and health services, which had preliminarily achieved homogeneous management of the medical alliances and medical communities throughout the province, for a reference for the integrated management of medical alliances and medical communities within the regional scope of China.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995804

ABSTRACT

Accurate and applicable reference intervals can provide important information for disease diagnosis, efficacy evaluation, and health monitoring. Age-dependent trends exist for many clinical laboratory indicators, and the interpretation of such indicators should consider the effect of age carefully. However, age-specific reference intervals have certain limitations in clinical application. Continuous reference intervals can not only help accurate interpretation of laboratory test results, but also provide a baseline value for dynamic monitoring of their changing trends. Based on the researches on pediatric reference intervals from our team, this paper introduces different algorithms for establishing continuous reference intervals, and their applicable conditions and implementation steps. The aim of this paper is to provide methodological guidance for the establishment of continuous reference intervals, so as to improve the quality of laboratory reports and the accuracy of clinical diagnosis in China.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 665-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993489

ABSTRACT

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) as a new type of thermoplastic engineering plastic, has good biological activity, elastic modulus close to human cortical bone and radiation permeability, and has been widely used in medical field. This study aims to explore the safety and clinical efficacy of using 3D printing personalized PEEK materials to repaire scapular bone defects after bone tumor resection. A total of 6 patients who underwent the implantation of 3D printed PEEK scapular prosthesis from January 2020 to December 2021 in Yunnan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 males and 3 females, with age ranged from 14 to 52 years. There were 1 case of synovial sarcoma, 1 of Ewing's sarcoma, and 4 of chondrosarcoma. PEEK prosthesis was designed and fabricated based on CT data before surgery. Tumor resection and prosthesis replacement were performed under the premise of ensuring safe surgical boundaries, including 2 cases of total scapular prosthesis replacement and 4 cases of partial scapular prosthesis replacement. The operation time was 90-170 min, and the intraoperative blood loss was 100-400 ml. All 6 patients received satisfactory follow-up, with a tumor progression free survival time of 16-28 months. No tumor recurrence or metastasis was observed, and all patients survived tumor free. At last follow-up, the Constant-Murley shoulder joint score was a minimum of 62 points and a maximum of 68 points. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association's shoulder joint score was 63 points minimum and 78 points maximum. Computer-aided design 3D printing PEEK material prosthesis has certain advantages in the treatment of scapular tumor limb salvage. It has light weight, well adapted, relatively simple installation, good histocompatibility, and can obtain a better appearance and function of the shoulder joint after operation. It can become one of the options for limb salvage treatment of scapular tumor.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To ulteriorly explore the differences of psychotic symptoms and neurocognitive between patients with first-episode deficit subtype of schizophrenia (FDS) and patients with first-episode nondeficit subtype of schizophrenia (FNDS).Methods:From January 2021 to September 2021, a total of 88 first-episode treatment-naive schizophrenia were recruited from the Mental Health Center of West China Hospital and divided into FDS group( n=44) and FNDS group( n=44) according to the schedule for the deficit syndrome (SDS), and 44 healthy subjects were included as healthy control group (HC group, n=44). Positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) was used to assess psychotic symptoms of patients and Wechsler adult intelligence scale, trail making test and logic memory test were used to evaluate intelligence quotient and neurocognitive function of all subjects.SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis, and independent samples t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to compare variables that met normal distribution, while the Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare variables that did not meet normal distribution. Results:(1) There were significant differences in psychotic symptoms between the FDS group and the FNDS group.Compared with the FNDS group, the FDS group had higher total score of PANSS ((95.95±16.82) vs (88.39±16.29)), negative symptoms ((27.57±7.52) vs (16.57±5.76)) and anergastic reaction ((13.43±3.82) vs (7.00(5.00, 9.00)), and lower positive symptoms scores ((21.95±6.88) vs (25.41±6.07)), activation ((8.00(5.00, 9.00) vs (9.27±3.47)), depression ((5.50(4.00, 9.00) vs (8.00(6.00, 12.00)) and supplementary item ((13.60±4.17) vs (17.30±5.39))(all P<0.05). (2) There were differences in neurocognitive functions between FDS group and FNDS group, and which in FDS and FNDS group were worse than that in HC group.Spatial memory (block design test: (23.70±11.05) vs (31.72±11.49)) and information processing speed (digit symbol test: (38.38±15.85) vs (47.97±14.99)) of FDS group were significantly lower than those of FNDS group(both P<0.05). Intelligence quotient, information processing speed and spatial memory of FDS group and FNDS group were lower than those of HC group(all P<0.05). Conclusion:FDS patients has more severe negative symptoms and anergastic reaction, and exit worse information processing speed and spatial memory dysfunction than FNDS patients.This unique pattern of impairment suggests that information processing speed and spatial memory may be important classification indicators for differentiating the deficit subtype of schizophrenia in the early stage.

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