Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 390
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression of c-Myc protein in cervical cancer HeLa cells and explore the effect of juglone on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells by affecting c-Myc ubiquitination.@*METHODS@#HeLa cells treated with different concentrations (0, 10, 20, or 50 μmol/L) of juglone or with 20 μmol/L juglone for different time lengths were examined for expression of c-Myc protein with Western blotting. The half-life of c-Myc protein was determined using cycloheximide (CHX) and c-Myc protein degradation was detected using coimmunoprecipitation. We also assessed the effects of 20 μmol/L juglone combined with 0, 1.0 or 2.0 μmol/L MG132 (a proteasome inhibitor) on c-Myc expression. The effects of 20 μmol/L juglone on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells with RNA interference-mediated knockdown of c-Myc were evaluated with MTT assay and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with juglone significantly lowered c-Myc protein expression in HeLa cells in a concentration-and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05). Juglone obviously shortened the half-life of c-Myc protein, and the addition of MG132 significantly up-regulated the expression level of c-Myc protein (P < 0.05). Juglone treatment also promoted ubiquitination of c-Myc protein in HeLa cells. Compared with the cells transfected with a negative control construct, the cells transfected with si-c-Myc showed significantly decreased proliferation inhibition and a lowered cell rate with early apoptosis after juglone treatment (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Juglone inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis of HeLa cells by affecting the ubiquitination of c-Myc protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Naphthoquinones , Ubiquitination , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940942

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that seriously hinders socioeconomic developments and threatens public health security. To achieve the global elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem by 2030, WHO released the guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis on February, 2022, with aims to provide evidence-based recommendations for schistosomiasis morbidity control, elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem, and ultimate interruption of schistosomiasis transmission in disease-endemic countries. Following concerted efforts for decades, great achievements have been obtained for schistosomiasis control in China where the disease was historically highly prevalent, and the country is moving towards schistosomiasis elimination. This article reviews the successful experiences from the national schistosmiasis control program in China, and summarizes their contributions to the formulation and implementation of the WHO guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis. With the progress of the "Belt and Road" initiative, the world is looking forward to more China's solutions on schistosomiasis control.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Disease Eradication , Humans , Public Health , Schistosomiasis/prevention & control , World Health Organization
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940940

ABSTRACT

On February 2022, WHO released the evidence-based guideline on control and elimination of human schistosomiasis, with aims to guide the elimination of schistosomiasis as a public health problem in disease-endemic countries by 2030 and promote the interruption of schistosomiasis transmission across the world. Based on the One Health concept, six evidence-based recommendations were proposed in this guideline. This article aims to analyze the feasibility of key aspects of this guideline in Chinese national schistosomiasis control program and illustrate the significance to guide the future actions for Chinese national schistosomiasis control program. Currently, the One Health concept has been embodied in the Chinese national schistosomiasis control program. Based on this new WHO guideline, the following recommendations are proposed for the national schistosomiasis control program of China: (1) improving the systematic framework building, facilitating the agreement of the cross-sectoral consensus, and building a high-level leadership group; (2) optimizing the current human and livestock treatments in the national schistosomiasis control program of China; (3) developing highly sensitive and specific diagnostics and the framework for verifying elimination of schistosomiasis; (4) accelerating the progress towards elimination of schistosomiasis and other parasitic diseases through integrating the national control programs for other parasitic diseases.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Disease Eradication , Humans , Public Health , Schistosomiasis/prevention & control , World Health Organization
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940484

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe that effect of Ersi decoction on rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) induced by using the complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion containing bovine type Ⅱ collagenand and elucidate underlying menchanisms involving to inhibit inflammation and joint synovial angiogenesis. MethodThe rat model of RA was established by immune induction with complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion containing bovine type Ⅱ collagen. All male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, RA model group, methotrexate group(1.0 mg·kg-1), and low-, medium- and high-dose group(30,15,7.0 g·kg-1·d-1)of Ersi decoction, with 8 rats in each group. Except the blank group, rats in the methotrexate group and Ersi decoction groups were given corresponding doses of methotrexate and Ersi decoction after establishment of RA induced by strengthen immunity,respectively,and those in the model group and blank group received normal saline of equivalent volume,once a day for 28 days. After the administration, the degree of joint swelling of rats in each group was analyzed by joint swelling volume and index. The small animal ultrasound imaging system was used to detect the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb of rats and hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining to observe the histomorphological changes in joint synovium of rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Immunohistochemistry was employed to analyze the expression of CD31 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2) in in joint synovium. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group demonstrated significant increase in joint swelling volume and index, inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α and IL-1β in serum, the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb, obvious pathological changes in the synovium and the expression of CD31 and VEGFR2 in joint synovium. Medium and high-dose Ersi decoction significantly alleviated the pathological changes of synovium tissue, attenuated joint swelling volume and index and decreased the expression of CD31 and VEGFR2 in joint synovium as compared with the model group. Moreover, high-dose Ersi decoction showed significantly lower levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum, and the score and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint in right lower limb. But medium-dose Ersi decoction only showed lower levels of TNF-α and area of synovial hyperplasia of knee joint. ConclusionErsi decoction could reduce synovial inflammation and hyperplasia through inhibiting synovial angiogenesis in rats with RA induced by bovine type Ⅱ collagen for achieving the effect of reducing RA joint damage, which provides an important reference for anti-RA of Ersi decoction in clinical application.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940209

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the therapeutic effect of Qingmei compound on acute gouty arthritis (AGA) in rats and preliminarily clarify its mechanism. MethodForty male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a colchicine group (0.3 mg·kg-1), and low- and high-dose Qingmei compound groups (200 and 400 mg·kg-1), with eight rats in each group. The AGA model was induced by injecting 50 g·L-1 monosodium urate (MSU) into the ankle joint of the rats except those in the blank group. The ankle swelling index was measured before and 6, 24, and 48 h after modeling. The pathological changes in the joint tissues of AGA rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the joint tissues of rats was detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) pathway and key proteins in the joint tissues of rats was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed increased ankle swelling index, synovial hyperplasia, and inflammatory infiltration, and up-regulated expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, and NLRP3 proteins in the ankle joint and the ratio of Caspase-1 shear body to Caspase-1 precursor protein (Caspase-1 p20/Caspase-1) (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Qingmei compound groups showed reduced ankle swelling index of AGA rats, especially the low-dose Qingmei compound group (P<0.01). Meanwhile, Qingmei compound inhibited synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory infiltration (P<0.01) and reduced the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, and NLRP3 proteins and Caspase-1 p20/Caspase-1 in joint tissues (P<0.01). ConclusionQingmei Compound can significantly alleviate the joint swelling and inflammatory infiltration of AGA, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the NLRP3 signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940112

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the therapeutic effect of Qingmei compound on acute gouty arthritis (AGA) in rats and preliminarily clarify its mechanism. MethodForty male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a colchicine group (0.3 mg·kg-1), and low- and high-dose Qingmei compound groups (200 and 400 mg·kg-1), with eight rats in each group. The AGA model was induced by injecting 50 g·L-1 monosodium urate (MSU) into the ankle joint of the rats except those in the blank group. The ankle swelling index was measured before and 6, 24, and 48 h after modeling. The pathological changes in the joint tissues of AGA rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the joint tissues of rats was detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) pathway and key proteins in the joint tissues of rats was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed increased ankle swelling index, synovial hyperplasia, and inflammatory infiltration, and up-regulated expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, and NLRP3 proteins in the ankle joint and the ratio of Caspase-1 shear body to Caspase-1 precursor protein (Caspase-1 p20/Caspase-1) (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Qingmei compound groups showed reduced ankle swelling index of AGA rats, especially the low-dose Qingmei compound group (P<0.01). Meanwhile, Qingmei compound inhibited synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory infiltration (P<0.01) and reduced the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, and NLRP3 proteins and Caspase-1 p20/Caspase-1 in joint tissues (P<0.01). ConclusionQingmei Compound can significantly alleviate the joint swelling and inflammatory infiltration of AGA, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the NLRP3 signaling pathway.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939137

ABSTRACT

Babesia microti is one of the most common causative agents of babesiosis. A sensitive and rapid detection is necessary for screening potentially infected individuals. In this study, B. microti cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) was selected as the target gene, multiple primers were designed, and optimized by a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay. The optimal primers and probe were labeled with fluorescein. The sensitivity of fluorescent RAA (fRAA) was evaluated using gradient diluents of the cox1 recombinant plasmid and genomic DNA extracted from whole blood of B. microti infected mice. The specificity of fRAA was assessed by other transfusion transmitted parasites. The analytical sensitivity of the fRAA assay was 10 copies of recombinant plasmid per reaction and 10 fg/µl B. microti genomic DNA. No cross-reaction with any other blood-transmitted parasites was observed. Our results demonstrated that the fRAA assay would be rapid, sensitive, and specific for the detection of B. microti.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936086

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the association of No.11p posterior lymph node metastasis with clinicopathological features and its prognostic significance in gastric cancer. Methods: A single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted. Clinicopathological data of patients with primary gastric cancers undergoing No.11p posterior lymph node dissection from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrieved from the Database of Gastric Cancer, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Case inclusion criteria: (1) gastric cancer proved by pathology; (2) radical resection with intraoperative No.11p posterior lymph node dissection; (3) operations performed by the same surgical team; (4) no previous history of other malignant tumors and no concurrent malignant tumors. Those with stump gastric cancer, history of gastrectomy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, incomplete clinicopathological data and lost to follow-up were excluded. During the operation, the upper edge of the pancreas was retracted forward to expose the area between the upper edge of the pancreas and the splenic vessels. The proximal segment of the splenic artery was skeletonized to remove lymphatic tissue anterior and superior to the splenic artery for No.11p lymph node dissection. For patients with lymphadenopathy in the area between the splenic artery and the splenic vein, dissection was performed. The enlarged lymph nodes were labeled with titanium clips and named as No.11p posterior lymph node. Pathological examination was performed separately after the specimen was isolated. Statistical analysis was performed using R software. Results: A total of 127 gastric cancer patients, who underwent No.11p posterior lymph nodes dissection were included in this study, of which 120 patients without No.11p posterior lymph nodes metastasis (No.11p posterior lymph nodes negative) and 7 patients with No.11p posterior lymph nodes metastasis (No.11p posterior lymph nodes positive). A total of 8 metastatic No.11p posterior lymph nodes were detected in 7 patients, metastasis rate and with a ratio of 5.5% (7/127) and 6.8% (8/127), respectively. In the subgroup analysis of T3-4 stage patients, the metastasis rate and ratio of No.11p posterior lymph nodes were 9.0% (7/78) and 10.7% (8/75), respectively. Compared to negative cases, patients with No.11p posterior lymph nodes metastasis had larger tumor (P=0.002), higher proportion of Borrmann type Ⅲ and Ⅳ tumors (P=0.005), more metastatic lymph nodes (P<0.001), more advanced T stage (P=0.043), N stage (P=0.004) and TNM stage (P=0.015). In survival analysis, patients with No.11p posterior lymph node metastasis had a significantly worse prognosis than those without metastasis after adjusting for TNM stage (hazard ratio=3.009, 95% confidence interval: 1.824-4.964, P<0.001). Conclusions: The No.11p posterior lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer is associated with worse prognosis. For patients of T3-4 stage gastric cancer, No.11p posterior lymph node dissection should be emphasized during radical operation.


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 183-188, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935368

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the time distribution of the first positive nucleic acid detection in imported cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 reported nationwide in China and provide references for further improvement of the prevention and control of COVID-19 in international travelers. Methods: The data of imported cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 reported by provinces from 24 July 2020 and 23 July 2021 were collected for the analysis on the time distribution of the first positive nucleic acid detection after entering China. Results: A total of 7 199 imported cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 were reported in 28 provinces during 24 July 2020 to 23 July 2021. The median interval (Q1, Q3) from the entry to the first positive nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 was 1 (0, 5) day. The imported cases who had the first positive nucleic acid detections within 14 days and 14 days later after the entry accounted for 95.15% (6 850/7 199) and 4.85% (349/7 199) respectively. Among these cases, 3.65% (263/7 199), 0.88% (63/7 199) and 0.32% (23/7 199) had the first positive nucleic acid detections within 15-21 days, 22-28 days and 28 days later after the entry respectively. The proportion of asymptomatic infections were 47.24% (3 236/6 850) and 63.61% (222/349) among the cases who had the first positive nucleic acid detections within 14 days and 14 days later after the entry respectively. A total of 39.54% (138/349) of cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 with the first positive nucleic acid detections 14 days later after the entry had inter-provincial travel after the discharge of entry point isolation. Conclusions: About 5% of the imported cases infected with SARS-CoV-2 were first positive 14 days later after the entry. In order to effectively reduce the risk of domestic COVID-19 secondary outbreaks caused by imported cases, it is suggested to add a nucleic acid test on 8th -13th day after the entry.


Subject(s)
Asymptomatic Infections , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Humans , Nucleic Acids , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 155-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of early and late open reduction and internal fixation on multiple rib fractures.Methods:The related literatures of early and late open reduction and internal fixation of multiple rib fractures were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang database, VIP database and China Biology Medicine database. The retrieved literatures were screened according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The quality of the literature was strictly evaluated and Meta analysis was carried out by using Stata 15.0 software. The open reduction and internal fixation within 72 hours after injury (early operation group) and more than 72 hours after injury (late operation group) were compared in the incidence of pulmonary complications, chest pain improvement rate, duration of postoperative ventilator-assisted ventilation, postoperative chest X-ray improvement time, postoperative bed rest time, duration of postoperative chest tube retention, length of hospitalization, operation time and mortality rate.Results:A total of 11 studies with 712 patients were included. There were 360 patients in early operation group and 352 patients in late operation group. The two groups showed significant differences in the incidence of pulmonary complications ( OR=0.25, 95% CI 0.16-0.37, P<0.01), chest pain improvement rate ( OR=6.15, 95% CI 1.63-23.27, P<0.01), duration of postoperative ventilator-assisted ventilation ( SMD=-0.97, 95% CI -1.70--0.24, P<0.01), postoperative chest X-ray improvement time ( SMD=-15.91, 95% CI -18.42--13.41, P<0.01), postoperative bed rest time ( SMD=-11.07, 95% CI -12.31--9.84, P<0.01), duration of post-operative chest tube retention ( SMD=-0.98, 95% CI -1.77--0.20, P<0.05) and length of hospitalization ( SMD=-0.96, 95% CI -1.26--0.66, P<0.01). The operation time ( SMD=-2.44, 95% CI -4.89-0.02, P>0.05) and mortality rate ( OR=0.24, 95% CI 0.04-1.51, P>0.05) were not statistically different between the two groups. Conclusion:Early open reduction and internal fixation in the treatment of multiple rib fractures can reduce pulmonary complications and chest pain and shorten postoperative ventilator-assisted ventilation time, postoperative chest X-ray improvement time, postoperative bed rest time, duration of postoperative chest tube retention and hospital stay, but cannot shorten operation time or reduce mortality.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression and significance of Jagged1 in fibrovascular membranes of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods:Sixty preretinal fibrovascular membrane specimens collected from fifty-seven patients (60 eyes) with PDR during vitrectomy in The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from July 2014 to July 2015 were set as the PDR group.The patients were divided into the injection group (30 cases, 32 eyes) and non-injection group (27 cases, 28 eyes) according to whether they received anti-vascular endothelial factor drug intravitreally before surgery.Ranibizumab injections were administered to the patients in the injection group intravitreally 2-7 days before surgery.Eighteen macular epiretinal membrane specimens obtained from 18 non-diabetic patients were served as the control group.Hematoxylin-eosin staining was applied to observe the structural festures of specimers. The immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression levels of Jagged1, Delta-like 4(Dll4) and Notch1 in the injection and non-injection groups, and the real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the relative expression levels of Jagged1, Dll4 and Notch1 mRNA in the three groups.Pearson linear correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationships between the expression of Jagged1 mRNA and both Dll4 mRNA or Notch1 mRNA in the PDR fibrovascular membranes.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (No.QYFYWZLL25645). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient.Results:The neovascularization was found in fibrovascular membranes of PDR with a light microscope, and the lumen of the new blood vessels in the injection group was narrow, but relatively dilated in the non-injection group.There was no neovascularization found in the macular epiretinal membranes.The immunohistochemical staining revealed that there was the positive expression of Jagged1, Dll4 and Notch1 proteins in all PDR membranes, mainly located in the vascular endothelium during neovascularization.The absorbance values of Jagged1, Dll4 and Notch1 proteins were 6.25±1.82, 6.87±1.89 and 5.12±2.14 respectively in the non-injection group, which were all higher than 1.46±0.37, 1.55±0.24 and 1.32±0.53 respectively in the injection group, showing statistically significant differences ( t=5.168, P=0.014; t=6.012, P=0.008; t=3.453, P=0.030). There were statistically significant differences in Jagged1, Dll4 and Notch1 mRNA relative expression levels among the three groups ( F=77.337, 62.305, 51.869; all at P<0.01). The relative expression levels of Jagged1, Dll4 and Notch1 mRNA in the fibrovascular membranes with PDR were significantly higher than those of control macular epiretinal membranes, and the relative expression levels of Jagged1, Dll4 and Notch1 mRNA of the injection group were significantly lower than those of the non-injection group (all at P<0.05). The expression level of Jagged1 mRNA was positively correlated with expression levels of both Dll4 and Notch1 mRNA ( r=0.925, 0.950; both at P<0.05). Conclusions:There is a high expression of Jagged1 in the vascular endothelium of fibrovascular membranes with PDR and the Jagged1 expression is positively correlated with the expression of Dll4 and Notch1.The effect of Jagged1 on the neovascularization in PDR may be related to Dll4 and Notch1.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 238-251, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927708

ABSTRACT

Heat stress transcription factors (Hsf) family is one of the most important transcription factor families in plants, and plays an important role in the growth and development of plants when encountering abiotic stresses such as heat, drought, and heavy metals. In this study, 20 SpbHsf genes were identified from the full-length transcriptome database of Setcreasea purpurea, and the structure and function of the Hsf gene family were analyzed using bioinformatics tools and qRT-PCR. The results showed that all SpbHsf proteins were hydrophilic. There were 12 SpbHsf proteins located in the nucleus, and the content of α-helix and random coil in the secondary structure of all SpbHsf proteins was high. The SpbHsf genes are divided into three subfamilies, each of which contains unique conserved motifs. All SpbHsf proteins contain DBD and HR-A/B domains. Phylogenetic analysis showed that OsHsf in Oryza sativa protein had the highest homology with SpbHsf protein. All the 20 SpbHsf genes were expressed in the root tissues of S. purpurea. Among them, 8 were significantly up-regulated while 8 were significantly down-regulated under Cu2+ stress. This study may help better understand the function and expression pattern of the S. purpurea Hsf gene family.


Subject(s)
Droughts , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Heat Shock Transcription Factors/metabolism , Humans , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).@*METHODS@#We examined the expression levels of miR-744-5p in 65 pairs of ccRCC and adjacent tissue specimens and in 5 ccRCC cell lines and human renal tubular epithelial (HK2) cells using qRT-PCR. The ccRCC cell lines 786-O and OSRC2 were transfected with miR-744-5p mimic, CCND1 mimic, or their negative control mimics, and the changes in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were evaluated with CCK-8, wound healing, and Transwell assays. The downstream target molecules of miR-744-5p were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, and the expression level of CCND1 in ccRCC cells was verified by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The relationship between miR-744-5p and CCND1 was further validated by dual luciferase reporter assay, and the role of the miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis in ccRCC was explored by rescue experiments.@*RESULTS@#MiR-744-5p was significantly downregulated in ccRCC tissues and cell lines (all P < 0.05), and its overexpression inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC cells (all P < 0.05). Bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter assay showed that CCND1 was a downstream target of miR-744-5p. The results of rescue experiments showed that upregulation of CCND1 could partially reverse the inhibitory effect of miR-744-5p overexpression on ccRCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-744-5p inhibits the malignant phenotype of ccRCC cells by targeting CCND1, and the miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis may be a novel target for diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cyclin D1/genetics , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936096

ABSTRACT

Objective: The pattern of digestive tract reconstruction in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer is still inconclusive. This study aims to compare mid-term and long-term quality of life after radical gastrectomy for distal gastric cancer between Billroth-I (B-I) and Billroth-II (B-II) reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted.Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 859 gastric cancer patients were colected cellected from the surgical case registry database of Gastrointestinal Surgery Center of Sichuan University West China Hospital, who underwent radical distal gastric cancer resection between January 2016 and December 2020. Inclusion criteria: (1) gastric cancer confirmed by preoperative gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) elective radical distal major gastrectomy performed according to the Japanese Society for Gastric Cancer treatment guidelines for gastric cancer; (3) TNM staging referenced to the American Cancer Society 8th edition criteria and exclusion of patients with stage IV by postoperative pathology; (4) combined organ resection only involving the gallbladder or appendix; (5) gastrointestinal tract reconstruction modality of B-I or B-II; (6) complete clinicopathological data; (7) survivor during the last follow-up period from December 15, 2021 to January 15, 2022. Exclusion criteria: (1) poor compliance to follow-up; (2) incomplete information on questionnaire evaluation; (3) survivors with tumors; (4) concurrent malignancies in other systems; (5) concurrent psychiatric and neurological disorders that seriously affected the objectivity of the questionnaire or interfered with patient's cognition. Telephone follow-up was conducted by a single investigator from December 2021 to January 2022, and the standardized questionnaire EORTC QLQ-C30 scale (symptom domains, functional domains and general health status) and EORTC QLQ-STO22 scale (5 symptoms of dysphagia, pain, reflux, restricted eating, anxiety; 4 single items of dry mouth, taste, body image, hair loss) were applied to evaluate postoperative quality of life. In 859 patients, 271 were females and 588 were males; the median age was 57.0 (49.5, 66.0) years. The included cases were divided into the postoperative follow-up first year group (202 cases), the second year group (236 cases), the third year group (148 cases), the fourth year group (129 cases) and the fifth year group (144 cases) according to the number of years of postoperative follow-up. Each group was then divided into B-I reconstruction group and B-II reconstruction group according to procedure of digestive tract reconstruction. Except for T-stage in the fourth year group, and age, tumor T-stage and tumor TNM-stage in the fifth year group, whose differences were statistically significant between the B-I and B-II reconstruction groups (all P<0.05), the differences between the B-I and B-II reconstruction groups in terms of demographics, body mass index (BMI), tumor TNM-stage and tumor pathological grading in postoperative follow-up each year group were not statistically significant (all P>0.05), suggesting that the baseline information between B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group in postoperative each year group was comparable. Evaluation indicators of quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-STO22 scales) and nutrition-related laboratory tests (serum hemoglobin, albumin, total protein, triglycerides) between the B-I reconstruction group and B-II reconstruction group in each year group were compared. Non-normally distributed continuous variables were presented as median (Q(1),Q(3)), and compared by using the Wilcoxon rank sum test (paired=False). The χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical variables between groups. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in all indexes EORTC QLQ-30 scale between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group among all postoperative follow-up year groups (all P>0.05). The EORTC QLQ-STO22 scale showed that significant differences in pain and eating scores between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group were found in the second year group, and significant differences in eating, body and hair loss scores between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group were found in the third year group (all P<0.05), while no significant differences of other item scores between the B-I reconstruction group and the B-II reconstruction group were found in postoperative follow-up of all year groups (P>0.05). Triglyceride level was higher in the B-II reconstruction group than that in the B-I reconstruction group (W=2 060.5, P=0.038), and the proportion of patients with hyperlipidemia (triglycerides >1.85 mmol/L) was also higher in the B-II reconstruction group (19/168, 11.3%) than that in the B-I reconstruction group (0/34) (χ(2)=0.047, P=0.030) in the first year group with significant difference. Albumin level was lower in the B-II reconstruction group than that in the B-I reconstruction group (W=482.5, P=0.036), and the proportion of patients with hypoproteinemia (albumin <40 g/L) was also higher in the B-II reconstruction group (19/125, 15.2%) than that in the B-I reconstruction group (0/19) in the fifth year group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ(2)=0.341, P=0.164). Other nutrition-related clinical laboratory tests were not statistically different between the B-I reconstruction and the B-II reconstruction in each year group (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The effects of both B-I and B-II reconstruction methods on postoperative mid-term and long-term quality of life are comparable. The choice of reconstruction method after radical resection of distal gastric cancer can be based on a combination of patients' condition, sugenos' eoperience and operational convenience.


Subject(s)
Aged , Albumins , Alopecia/surgery , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Bypass , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain , Quality of Life , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Huantiao" (GB 30) on the expression of growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) in the sciatic nerve trunk and ventral horn of spinal cord (L@*METHODS@#A total of 48 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham operation group, a model group and a moxibustion group, 12 rats in each group. The rat model of primary sciatic pain was established by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve in the model group and the moxibustion group. On the 8th day of the experiment, moxibustion was adopted at "Huantiao" (GB 30) in the moxibustion group for 5-10 min, once a day for 14 consecutive days. Sciatic nerve function index (SFI) was measured and compared in each group at day 1, 7, 14 and 21. On the 21st day of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the morphology of ventral horn of rat spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk. Immunohistochemical method and real-time PCR were used to detect mRNA and protein expressions of GAP-43 in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk of rats.@*RESULTS@#On day 7, 14 and 21, there was no statistical difference in SFI between the sham operation group and the normal group (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Huantiao" (GB 30) could improve the sciatic nerve function in rats with primary sciatica and its mechanism may be related to improving the expression of GAP-43 and enhancing the self-repair ability of the sciatic nerve after injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , GAP-43 Protein/genetics , Male , Moxibustion , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Sciatica/therapy , Spinal Cord
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876711

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency of a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay for the detection of Schistosoma japonicum infections in Oncomelania hupensis snails. Methods A group test was employed. Fifty Oncomelania snails were collected as a detection sample. The detection samples without infected snails were designated as negative specimens, while the detection samples that contained different numbers of infected snails were designated as positive specimens. A total of 10 negative specimens, 10 positive specimens containing 1 infected snail, 20 positive specimens containing 2 infected snails and 10 positive specimens containing 3 infected snails were assigned. Following random grouping, 40 specimens were subject to the florescent RAA assay using a blind method. The miradium shedding method served as a gold standard, and the sensitivity, specificity, Youden’s index and coincidence rate of the florescent RAA assay were estimated. In addition, 20 samples consisted of 5 negative specimens and 15 positive specimens with 1, 2 and 3 infected snails respectively were grouped randomly. The same specimens were detected using the crushing method and fluorescent RAA assay with the blind method in a paired-design manner. Then, the test results were compared and analyzed. Results Florescent RAA assay detected 29 positives in the 30 specimens containing different numbers of infected snails, with a sensitivity of 96.67%, and 8 negatives in the 10 detection specimens without infected snails, with a specificity of 80.00%, showing a Youden’s index of 0.77. The coincidence rate was 100% among 10 repeated assays for a detection specimen. In addition, there was no significant difference in the detection of infected snails between the florescent RAA assay and the crushing method (χ2 = 0, P > 0.05), and the actual coincidence rates of the florescent RAA assay and crushing method were 95.00% (19/20) and 90.00% (18/20) with the real results, respectively. Conclusion Fluorescent RAA assay has a favorable efficiency for the detection of S. japonicum infections in Oncomelania snails, which shows a potential in screening of S. japonicum-infected Oncomelania snails.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 872-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876016

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the changes of corneal endothelial cells and ocular surface after phacoemulsification for age-related cataract(ARC)patients with diabetes mellitus. <p>METHODS: Retrospective case study. A total of 190 cataract patients with diabetes mellitus who received phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation in 190 eyes admitted to our hospital from January 2017 to January 2019 were selected. In addition, 230 ARC patients without diabetes who underwent phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation at the same time were selected as the control group. Ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, tear film rupture time(BUT), basal tear secretion test(S I t), corneal endothelial cell density and coefficient of variation were compared between the two groups.<p>RESULTS: There was no significant difference in preoperative OSDI score, BUT, S I t, corneal endothelial cell density and coefficient of variation between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). In the observation group, OSDI scores were significantly increased 1wk, 1mo and 3mo after surgery compared with those before surgery, with statistically significant differences(all <i>P</i><0.01). The OSDI scores of patients in the control group increased significantly one week and one month after the operation compared with those before the operation, with statistically significant differences(all <i>P</i><0.01). The OSDI scores in the observation group at each time point after the operation were higher than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences(all <i>P</i><0.05). One week after surgery, 1mo after surgery, BUT and S I t in the two groups decreased significantly compared with that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), and the difference was not statistically significant compared with that before surgery 3mo after surgery. In addition, compared with BUT between the two groups, the observation group had a lower tear film stabilization time and a more significant decrease(<i>P</i><0.05). The corneal endothelial cell density in the two groups decreased significantly 1wk, 1mo and 3mo after surgery compared with that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05). The variation coefficient of corneal endothelial cells in the two groups was statistically significant 1wk after the operation and 1mo after the operation compared with that before the treatment(<i>P</i><0.05). The variation coefficient of corneal endothelial cells in the observation group was more significant than that in the control group(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Cataract patients with diabetes surgery tolerance is low, the corneal endothelial cell density and the central corneal thickness and corneal appears before tear secretion with stability and foundation treatment have significant changes, and its characteristic is cataract patients without diabetes more apparent, clinical intraoperative and postoperative corneal endothelial protection should be strengthened, and the surface of the eye protection ability of the organization.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875781

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To learn the prevalence and drug resistance of nontuberculous mycobacteria ( NTM ) in Zhejiang Province, so as to provide evidence for NTM prevention and control.@*Methods@#A total of 2 878 clinical mycobacterium isolates in Zhejiang Province were collected from the drug resistance surveillance in 2008-2009, 2013-2014 and 2018-2019, PNB/TCH growth tests were used to preliminarily identify the NTM in these mycobacterium-positive isolates. 16SrRNA, rpoB, ITS and hsp65 gene sequencing analysis were used to confirm strains initially identified as NTM. Proportional method was applied to detect drug susceptibility of NTM isolates.@*Results @# Finally, 135 strains were confirmed as NTM and the isolation rate was 4.69%. The isolation rates of NTM in 2008-2009, 2013-2014 and 2018-2019 were 1.85%, 4.56% and 7.84%, respectively, with an increasing trend ( P<0.05 ). Thirteen species were identified and the top two species were M. intracellulare ( 82, 60.74% ) and M. kansassi ( 18, 13.33% ). The NTM isolates showed the highest drug resistance rate to isoniazid ( 97.78% ), followed by p-aminosalicylic acid ( 94.87% ) and streptomycin ( 94.81% ).@*Conclusions@#The isolation rates of NTM showed an upward trend in the drug resistance surveillance in 2008-2019,2013-2014 and 2018-2019 in Zhejiang Province. M. intracellulare and M. kansassi were the main strains isolated. The NTM isolates showed high resistance against both first and second-line antituberculosis drugs.

19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 109-117, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875595

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of postoperative chemotherapy in pT1bN0 and pT2N0 gastric cancer patients with high risk factors. @*Materials and Methods@#Clinicopathological data of gastric cancer patients, who had undergone gastrectomy in high volume centers in Korea and China and were finally diagnosed with pT1bN0 and pT2N0 between 2006 and 2010, were analyzed retrospectively. Survival analyses stratified by risk factors and multivariable analyses were performed. @*Results@#A total of 1509 patients were enrolled, with 41 (2.7%) patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy after gastrectomy and 1468 (97.3%) patients undergoing surgery alone. The adjuvant chemotherapy group showed higher percentages of tumor with maximal diameter >3 cm (51.2% vs. 25.8%), poor differentiation (68.3% vs. 49.8%), and less harvested lymph nodes (17.1% vs. 5.2%) compared to the surgery alone group. The overall survival rates were 95.1% in the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 93.3% in the surgery alone group, without significant difference. In multivariable analysis, age was found to be an independent prognostic factor. However, there were no difference in the overall survival between patients with risk factors and those without risk factors, even in terms of age. Meanwhile, patients with more than two risk factors who received chemotherapy showed better survival trend, especially for pT2N0 patients, compared to the surgery alone group, although no significant differences were observed. @*Conclusion@#In pT1bN0 and pT2N0 patients, age was found to be an independent prognostic factor. However, adjuvant chemotherapy seemed to be unnecessary, while postoperative chemotherapy might offer survival benefits to pT2N0 patients with more than two risk factors.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873741

ABSTRACT

Since 2015 when the transmission of schistosomiasis was controlled in China, the country has been moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis, with the surveillance-response as the main interventions for schistosomiasis control. During the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the transmission of schistosomiasis had been interrupted in four provinces of Sichuan, Jiangsu, Yunnan and Hubei and the prevalence of schistosomiasis has been at the historically lowest level in China. As a consequence, the goal set in The 13th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China is almost achieved. However, there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis in China, including the widespread distribution of intermediate host snails and complicated snail habitats, many types of sources of Schistosoma japonicum infections and difficulty in management of bovines and sheep, unmet requirements for the current schistosomiasis control program with the currently available tools, and vulnerable control achievements. During the 14th Five-Year period, it is crucial to consolidate the schistosomiasis control achievements and gradually solve the above difficulties, and critical to provide the basis for achieving the ultimate goal of elimination of schistosomiasis in China. Based on the past experiences from the national schistosomiasis control program and the challenges for schistosomiasis elimination in China, an expert consensus has been reached pertaining to the objectives, control strategy and measures for The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China, so as to provide insights in to the development of The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL