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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1793-1797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996886

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the changes in corneal biomechanics of patients with moderate refractive error after receiving small-incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)using the corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology(Corvis ST).METHODS:Prospective cohort study. A total of 65 moderate myopia patients(65 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Ningxia Eye Hospital from November 2020 to November 2021 were included in the study, and there were 30 eyes in the SMILE group and 35 eyes in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal biomechanical parameters, including integrated radius(IR), inverse concave radius(ICR), deformation amplitude ratio 2mm(DAR2), stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1), ambrosio relational thickness(ARTh)and the central curvature radius at highest concavity(HC-Radius)were observed by Corvis ST between both groups preoperatively and 1 and 3mo postoperatively.RESULTS: There were no statistical significance in biomechanical parameters between two groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively(P>0.05). IR, ICR and DAR2 of each groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively were significantly increased than those preoperatively, and SP-A1, ARTh and HC-Radius were significantly decreased than those preoperatively(all P<0.05). The biomechanical parameters at 1mo and 3mo postoperatively showed no statistical significance(P>0.05). In addition, a positive correlation was found between central corneal thickness(CCT)and ARTh and SP-A1 of the two groups of patients at 3mo postoperatively(FS-LASIK group: r=0.727, 0.819, SMLIE group: r=0.683, 0.434, all P<0.05), while a negative correlation was found between CCT and IR and ICR at 3mo postoperatively.(FS-LASIK group: r=-0.697, -0.622, SMLIE group: r=-0.447, -0.491, all P<0.05).CONCLUSION:For patients with moderate myopia, both SMILE and FS-LASIK can reduce corneal biomechanical stability. Both surgeries showed no significant differences in the effect on biomechanical, and the biomechanical has been stabilized at 1mo postoperatively. A correlation was found between postoperative CCT and ARTh, SP-A1, IR and ICR.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009196

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore incidence, risk factors and the relationship between preoperative heart failure and prognosis in elderly patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 1 569 elderly patients with hip fracture treated from January 2012 to December 2019, including 522 males and 1 047 females, aged 81.00 (75.00, 90.00) years old;896 intertrochanteric fractures and 673 femoral neck fractures. Patients were divided into heart failure and non-heart failure groups according to whether they developed heart failure before surgery, and heart failure was set as the dependent variable, with independent variables including age, gender, fracture type, comorbidities and hematological indicators, etc. Univariate analysis was performed at first, and independent variables with statistical differences were included in multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Independent risk factors for preoperative heart failure were obtained. The length of hospital stay, perioperative complications, mortality at 30 days and 1 year after surgery were compared between heart failure and non-heart failure groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 91 patients in heart failure group, including 40 males and 51 females, aged 82.00 (79.00, 87.00) years old;55 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and 36 patients with femoral neck fracture. There were 1 478 patients in non-heart failure groups, including 482 males and 996 females, aged 81.00(75.00, 86.00) years old;841 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and 637 patients with femoral neck fracture. There were significant differences in age, sex, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia and dementia between two groups(P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis of statistically significant factors showed that males(OR=1.609, P=0.032), age(OR=1.032, P=0.031), arrhythmia(OR=2.045, P=0.006), dementia (OR=2.106, P=0.014) were independent risk factor for preoperative heart failure. The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 9.9% and 26.4% in heart failure group and 3.6% and 13.8% in non-heart failure group, respectively;and had statistical significance between two groups (P<0.05). There were significant differences in pulmonary infection, cerebrovascular complications and cardiovascular complications between two groups (P<0.05). The duration of hospitalization in heart failure group was (16.21±10.64) d compared with that in non-heart failure group (13.26±8.00) d, and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.513, P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Male, old age, arrhythmia and dementia are independent risk factors for heart failure after hip fracture in elderly patients. Patients with preoperative heart failure have a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular complications, higher mortality at 30 d and 1 year after surgery, and longer hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures , Heart Failure/etiology , Prognosis , Heart Diseases , Risk Factors , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Dementia , Arrhythmias, Cardiac
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block on perioperative analgesia and postoperative complications in geriatric patients with hip fractures.@*METHODS@#A total of 127 elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery from January 2021 to September 2021 were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided continuous fascia iliaca compartment block(group F) either intravenous analgesia control group(group C). There were 62 cases in group F, including 19 males and 43 females with an average age of (82.4±7.2) years old ranging from 66 to 95 years old, involving 25 femoral neck fractures and 37 femoral intertrochanteric fractures. There were 65 cases in control group, including 18 males and 47 females, with an average age of (81.4±8.7) years old ranging from 65 to 94 years old, involving 29 femoral neck fractures and 36 femoral intertrochanteric fractures. The visual analogue scale(VAS), minimental state examination (MMSE), observer's assessment of alertness/sedation(OAA/S) scale, modified Bromage score, postoperative complications and general conditions during hospitalization in two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#The resting and exercise VAS at 30 min after block, anesthesia placement and 6, 24 and 48 h after surgery were lower than those in group C(P<0.05). In group F, MMSE scores at 12 h before surgery, and 1, 3 d after surgery and OAA/S scores at 3 d after surgery were higher than those in group C(P<0.05). The incidence of adverse effects and the number requiring additional analgesia were lower than those in group C(P<0.05). Group F had better perioperative analgesia satisfaction and hospital stay than group C(P<0.05). But there was no significant difference regarding Bromage score and 30-day mortality between two group(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided continuous fascia iliacus space block was safe and effective for elderly patients with hip fracture, and could significantly reduce perioperative pain, improve postoperative cognitive function, and reduce postoperative complications, thereby shortening hospital stay and improving the quality of life during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain Management , Nerve Block , Quality of Life , Hip Fractures/surgery , Pain/surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Fascia , Pain, Postoperative
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1212-1217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the effect of early systematic rehabilitation on muscle strength and prognosis of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU).@*METHODS@#Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP database (VIP) and Wanfang database were searched by computer for randomized controlled trial (RCT) on early systematic rehabilitation of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU published from the establishment of the database to October 2022. The observation group was given early systematic rehabilitation, while the control group was given routine activities. The outcome indicators included Medical Research Council muscle strength score (MRC score), incidence of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW), 36-item short form health survey scale (SF-36), length of hospital stay, and hospital mortality. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature to conduct a Meta-analysis of the studies that met the quality criteria. Funnel plot was used to analyze the publication bias of each study.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 articles were enrolled, 13 in English and 1 in Chinese. A total of 1 835 patients were involved, including 922 cases in the observation group and 913 cases in the control group. The overall literature quality was good. Compared with the control group, the incidence of ICU-AW in the observation group was significantly reduced [relative risk (RR) = 0.78, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.62-0.98, P < 0.05], but the MRC score was not significantly increased [weighted mean difference (WMD) = 2.51, 95%CI was 0.77-4.25, P = 0.05]. There were no significant differences in ICU mortality (RR = 1.05, 95%CI = 0.59-1.87, P > 0.05), hospital mortality (RR = 1.15, 95%CI was 0.76-1.74, P > 0.05), length of ICU stay (WMD = -3.02, 95%CI was -7.29-1.24, P > 0.05), total length of hospital stay (WMD = -3.67, 95%CI was -8.04-0.70, P > 0.05), and physical component summary (PCS; WMD = 1.83, 95%CI was -0.28-3.93, P > 0.05) and mental component summary (MCS; WMD = 1.72, 95%CI was -0.76-4.20, P > 0.05) of SF-36 scale at 6 months after discharge between the two groups. It was shown by funnel plot that the publication bias of each literature was relatively small, manifested as the effect points included in the literature were basically in a "inverted funnel" shape and symmetrical, in terms of MRC score, incidence of ICU-AW, mortality, length of hospital stay and scores of SF-36 scale.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early systematic rehabilitation can significantly reduce the incidence of ICU-AW, without increasing the mortality, and has no significant improvement on muscle strength and physical function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Incidence , Muscle Strength
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1170-1185, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010819

ABSTRACT

OX40 is a costimulatory receptor that is expressed primarily on activated CD4+, CD8+, and regulatory T cells. The ligation of OX40 to its sole ligand OX40L potentiates T cell expansion, differentiation, and activation and also promotes dendritic cells to mature to enhance their cytokine production. Therefore, the use of agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies for cancer immunotherapy has gained great interest. However, most of the agonistic anti-OX40 antibodies in the clinic are OX40L-competitive and show limited efficacy. Here, we discovered that BGB-A445, a non-ligand-competitive agonistic anti-OX40 antibody currently under clinical investigation, induced optimal T cell activation without impairing dendritic cell function. In addition, BGB-A445 dose-dependently and significantly depleted regulatory T cells in vitro and in vivo via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. In the MC38 syngeneic model established in humanized OX40 knock-in mice, BGB-A445 demonstrated robust and dose-dependent antitumor efficacy, whereas the ligand-competitive anti-OX40 antibody showed antitumor efficacy characterized by a hook effect. Furthermore, BGB-A445 demonstrated a strong combination antitumor effect with an anti-PD-1 antibody. Taken together, our findings show that BGB-A445, which does not block OX40-OX40L interaction in contrast to clinical-stage anti-OX40 antibodies, shows superior immune-stimulating effects and antitumor efficacy and thus warrants further clinical investigation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/physiology , Receptors, OX40 , Membrane Glycoproteins , Ligands , Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015781

ABSTRACT

p53 represents one of the most important tumor suppressors in mammalian cells, and the posttranslational modifications (PTMs) serve as a major strategy for fine-tuning of the functions of p53 in cells. Particularly, the acetylation regulates either the overall transactivity of p53 or the p53-dependent transcriptional selectivity, which plays key roles in modulating a variety of biological processes including cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, senescence, autophagy, and metabolism. This review, starting with the timeline of the researches on p53 acetylation, firstly summarizes how the site-specific acetylation of p53 is built up, including the acetyltransferases that catalyze p53 acetylation and their regulatory mechanism that influencing p53 functions. Secondly, this review summarizes pivotal deacetylases that erase p53 acetylation, and their contributions in modulating p53 cellular activities. Additionally, this review summarizes the reader proteins that specifically recognize and bind to acetylated/ unacetylated residues of p53, and their intimate interactions with p53 in manipulating downstream targets transcriptions. Meanwhile, this review sums up the crosstalk mechanisms between the acetylation and other PTMs in regulating p53 biological functions. Lastly, this review proposes a perspective on the studies of p53 acetylation in the field of molecular biomedicine in future.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015699

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoints represent a group of inhibitory receptor molecules that are expresses in the surface of immune cells and play a pivotal role in maintaining immune homeostasis. In recent years, several key immune checkpoint molecules such as CTLA-4 and PD-1, has been found to exist in some kinds of tumor cells. These ectopic expressed checkpoint molecules are named as “cancer cell-intrinsic immune checkpoint molecules”. Although our understanding on cancer cell-intrinsic immune checkpoint molecules is quite limited, emerging evidence suggests that the expression and the biological functions of such molecules in different types of cancer cells are heterozygous and diverse. In particular, the discovery of “adaptive immune-independent” regulation on cancer cell behaviors would potentially benefit to design a customized cancer immune therapy, as well as to develop new therapeutic strategies for cancer. In this review, we will briefly describe the timeline of the studies, deeply discuss the complicated biological functions and the regulatory mechanisms (CTLA-4 and PD-1 as representative examples). And finally we put forward a research perspective on cancer cell-intrinsic immune checkpoint molecules. This review aims to present and promote the studies of cancer cell-intrinsic immune checkpoint molecules to the broad scientific community.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect and the mechanism of Danggui Shaoyaosan(DSS) on angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ)/transient receptor potential cation channel 6 (TRPC6) pathway in nephrotic syndrome (NS) rats. Method:In animal experiments, doxorubicin (4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> for the 1<sup>st</sup> week and 2 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> for the 2<sup>nd</sup> week) was injected twice to the tail vein of rats to induce NS model in 160 rats, which were then randomly divided into model group (normal saline), losartan group (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and low-(4.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), medium-(8.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (17.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) DSS groups. Besides, a normal group was also set. After intervention for four weeks, ultrastructure changes of the kidney were identified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The 24-hour urine protein was detected by kits. Radioimmunoassay was used to detect the content of AngⅡ and Calcineurin (CaN) in plasma. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TRPC6, angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor (AT1R), podocyte slit diaphragm-specific protein (Nephrin), and cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) in the renal cortex. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TRPC6 and AT1R in the slit diaphragm. In cell experiments, AngⅡ stimulated MPC5 podocytes. The cells were randomly divided into a normal group, an AngⅡ group, an AngⅡ+SAR7334 (TRPC6-specific inhibitor) group, an AngⅡ+5%DSS group, an AngⅡ+10%DSS group, and an AngⅡ+15%DSS group. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of TRPC6, AT1R, Nephrin, and Caspase-3 in podocytes. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed increased 24-hour urine protein content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and AngⅡ and CaN in plasma (<italic>P</italic><0.01), incomplete glomerular structure, the extensive fusion of podocyte process with elevated fusion rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased expression distribution of AT1R and TRPC6 in the renal cortex, and up-regulated protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6, and Caspase-3 in renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and reduced Nephrin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, the losartan group and the high-dose DSS group exhibited decreased 24-hour urine protein content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and the content of AngⅡ and CaN in plasma (<italic>P</italic><0.01), improved glomerular structure, reduced fusion rate of podocyte process (<italic>P</italic><0.01), diminished expression distribution of TRPC6 and AT1R in the renal cortex, declining protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6 and Caspase-3 in renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated Nephrin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, compared with the normal podocytes, AngⅡ-stimulated podocytes showed increased protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6 and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and decreased expression of Nephrin (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the AngⅡ group, the AngⅡ+SAR7334 group displayed reduced protein expression of AT1R, TRPC6, and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased protein expression of Nephrin (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:DSS can improve the pathological characteristics of NS presumedly by inhibiting the interaction between AngⅡ and TRPC6 in podocytes and improving the structural integrity of podocytes to repair the damage of glomerular molecular barrier and slow down the progression of NS-induced proteinuria.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828231

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of back arm flexion and extension combined with manipulation in treating adhesive scapulohumeral periarthritis.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to April 2018, 53 patients with adhesive scapulohumeral periarthritis were treated with back arm flexion and extension combined with manipulation, the main symptoms were shoulder pain and limited activity. There were 22 males and 31 females aged from 45 to 71 years old with an average of (51.63±5.79) years;the courses of disease ranged from 3 to 24 months with an average of (8.62±3.73) months. Manipulation treatment was carried out once a week, and back arm flexion and extension were performed for 3 times a day with15 movements each time, totally 4 weeks for a single course. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder function score were observed and compared before treatment and one week, one and three months after treatment.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 3 to 12 months, with an average of (5.91±3.55) months. VAS score before treatment was 4.02±1.46, and was improved to 3.15±1.54, 1.98±1.37, 1.12±0.86 respectively at one week, one and three months after treatment. Constant-Murley score before treatment was 42.70 ±5.72, and improved to 54.25 ±6.34, 67.45 ±6.84, 82.40 ±6.63 at one week, one and three months after treatment respectively;19 patients got excellent result, 22 good, 9 fair and 3 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Back arm flexion combined with manipulation for the treatment of adhesive scapulohumeral periarthritis could effectively relieve pain, improve shoulder function, which is a simple effective treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arm , Periarthritis , Therapeutics , Physical Therapy Modalities , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008493

ABSTRACT

Simiao Yong'an Decoction is composed of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Scrophulariae Radix, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome, which was chosen as one of the 100 classic prescriptions in Catalogue of Ancient Classics Prescription(the first batch). Through tracing to the source, It was found that the Simiao Yong'an Decoction(but not named) originated from the Shi Shi Mi Lu, and was later cited by books such as Ancient and Modern Book Integration-Full Record of Medical Department and New Edition of Useful Prescriptions. Literature shows that this prescription was not named until first reported in the Effect of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Arterial Embolism Gangrene in 1956 by a journalist LYU Min. This article recorded that SHIJIA Baoshan, a monk from Hebei Province, used self-named "Simiao Yong'an Decoction" to treat local arterial embolic gangrene. After comparison, there was two difference between ancient books and SHIJIA Baoshan's records. Firstly, according to ancient books, the composition and dosage of Simiao Yong'an Decoction is Lonicerae Japonicae Flos 90 g, Scrophulariae Radix 90 g, Angelicae Sinensis Radix 60 g, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome 30 g", and the ratio is 3∶3∶2∶1. By SHIJIA Baoshan's record, the composition and dosage are: Lonicerae Japonicae Flos 66 g, Scrophulariae Radix 132 g, Angelicae Sinensis Radix 99 g, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome 33 g, and the ratio changed to 2∶4∶3∶1. Secondly, ancient books show that patients can be healed after taking seven or ten days of the previous prescription, however, it would take 3 or 4 months, even 7 months in SHIJIA Baoshan's records. It can be considered that the previous prescription should be used at the beginning of gangrene, while the modified Simiao Yong'an Decoction by SHIJIA Baoshan is widely used in the middle and late stages of gangrene, even the critical condition, that is the reason for longer treatment and larger dosage. Nowadays, Simiao Yong'an Decoction is not limited to the treatment of gangrene and bulla in clinic. Relevant studies have confirmed that Simiao Yong'an Decoction has the effects such as anti-inflammatory, plaque stabilization, lipid-lowering, vascular protection, improvement of hemorheology, anticoagulation, inhibition of thrombosis and fibrinolysis, etc. In the follow-up, we should carry out the analysis of the compatibility of this four medicines, and redefine the scope of its clinical application under the theory of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Rhizome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801797

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the model with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnancy by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and traditional indicators. Method: The forty rats were divided into blank group and model group, with 20 rats in each group. The rats in the blank group were fed with normal feed, the rats in model group were prepared with the spleen deficiency and dampness stagnancy model for 14 days. Observe the general condition of the rats, measure the water content of the feces in the dry method, measure the water load index by weighing method, and detect the urinary D-xylose excretion total protein (TP), albumin (Alb) content, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot analysis of renal aquaporin 1 (AQP1) content, and the use of experimental animal body composition analyzer to determine the total water content (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), intracellular fluid (ICF), fat mass (FM), free fat mass (FFM) and body mass bioelectrical impedance index such as body mass index (BMI). Result: Compared with blank group, the rats in model group lost weight, gradually loose stools occasionally, the anus temperature was basically unchanged, body mass, D-xylose excretion, water load index, TP and Alb content decreased (PPPConclusion: Rats with spleen deficiency and dampness stagnancy induced a combination of factors such as diet and excessive fatigue. The bioelectrical impedance method can be more intuitive and comprehensive.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on the expression of phosphorylated myosin light chain Ⅱ(p-MLCⅡ)and myosin light chain Ⅱ(MLCⅡ)protein in rat hepatic stellate cells HSC-T6 and explore the intervention effect of Danggui Shaoyao San(DSS)drug-containing serum. Method:After HSC-T6 cells were seeded, DMEM and blank rat serum with final concentrations of 2.5%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% were added to each well. The viability of HSC-T6 cells was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay to screen the suitable serum concentration range. The cells were divided into blank serum control group (5%, 10%, 15%) and DSS drug-containing serum group (5%, 10%, 15%). ELISA was used to detect the content of ET-1 in cell culture supernatant under basic state. The cells were divided into blank serum control group (10%), DSS drug-containing serum low (5%), medium (10%) and high dose (15%) groups. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the level of ET-1 mRNA in cell culture supernatant under basic state. The cells were divided into blank serum control group (10%), model group (10%), DSS drug-containing serum low (5%), medium (10%), high dose (15%) groups and Y-27632 inhibitor group (100 μmol·L-1). Except the blank serum control group, the other groups all received 10 nmol·L-1 ET-1 to induce HSC-T6 cells. Western blot was used to detect the expression of p-MLCⅡ and MLCⅡ in HSC-T6 cells induced by ET-1. Result:Serum concentrations of 5%, 10% and 15% were used as drug-containing serum concentrations. As compared with the blank serum control group, the DSS drug-containing serum group significantly reduced the relative content of ET-1 and ET-1 mRNA in the basic state (PPPPPConclusion:DSS drug-containing serum may down-regulate the expression of p-MLCⅡ and MLCⅡ by down-regulating the content of ET-1 and inhibiting the autocrine of ET-1.

13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1274-1278, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of acupuncture combined with granule for nerve-root type cervical spondylosis and its effects on serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and hemorheological indexes.@*METHODS@#A total of 114 patients with nerve-root type cervical spondylosis were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 57 cases in each group. The patients in both groups were treated with traction. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of granule, 4 g each time, 3 times a day, while based on the treatment of control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with acupuncture at Dazhui (GV 14), Tianzhu (BL 10), Houxi (SI 3), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Quchi (LI 11), Hegu (LI 4) and Waiguan (TE 5), once a day. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The simplified McGill pain questionnaire (MPQ), neck disability index (NDI), numbness score, levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β in serum and hemorheological indexes were observed before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.2% (52/57) in the observation group, which was higher than 71.9% (41/57) in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the scores of MPQ, NDI and numbness in the two groups were reduced after treatment (<0.05). After treatment, the scores of MPQ, NDI and numbness in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in the two groups were reduced (<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (<0.05). After treatment, the plasma viscosity, fibrinogen, low shear rate of whole blood viscosity and high shear rate of whole blood viscosity in the two groups were lower than before treatment (<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with granule have significant clinical efficacy for nerve-root type cervical spondylosis, which could reduce the serum levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β and improve hemorheology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Interleukin-1beta , Interleukin-6 , Spondylosis , Therapeutics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775400

ABSTRACT

Ligustrazine is an important active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine Chuanxiong Rhizoma, but its content is a controversial topic. The endophytes of medicinal plants have the ability to produce the same active substances as the host, so this report focused on the endophytic Bacillus subtilis, to study the origin of ligustrazine in Chuanxiong Rhizoma preliminarily by inoculating the isolated endophytic B. subtilis to the Chuanxiong Rhizoma medium for solid state fermentation. Tissue grinding method was used to isolate the endogenetic B. subtilis. The morphological features, conventional physiological and biochemical reactions and 16S rRNA molecular techniques were combined to identify the endogenetic strains. Then, the strains that grew well in the medicinal matrix of Chuanxiong Rhizoma were screened out for further fermentation studies. The solid-state fermentation was performed at 37 °C for 30 d using Chuanxiong Rhizoma fermentation medium (40 g Chuanxiong Rhizoma powder, 100 mL sterile water, 121 °C, sterilization for 25 minutes). UPLC was used to detect the contents of ligustrazine, acetoin in the Chuanxiong Rhizoma fermentation medium and Chuanxiong Rhizoma. All the five strains were Gram-positive and had spores. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequence showed that the endophytes were B. subtilis. The results of UPLC showed that ligustrazine was detected in the Chuanxiong Rhizoma fermentation medium inoculated with endogenetic B. subtilis LB3, LB3-2-1, LB4, LB5 and LB6-2, while not detected neither in blank Chuanxiong Rhizoma fermentation medium nor in Chuanxiong Rhizoma. This study showed that the endogenetic B. subtilis of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. can make use of Chuanxiong Rhizoma fermentation medium to produce ligustrazine. Endogenetic B. subtilis has a certain correlation with the accumulation of ligustrazine in Rhizoma Chuanxiong. We speculate that the ligustrazine may be derived from the catabolism of endogenetic B. subtilis in Ligusticum chuanxiong.


Subject(s)
Bacillus subtilis , Endophytes , Fermentation , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Microbiology , Phylogeny , Pyrazines , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Rhizome , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709824

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of serum pro-adrenomedullin (pro-ADM) concentration in predicting sepsis at different degrees of severity.Methods A total of 145 patients of both sexes,aged 18-64 yr,who were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University from March 2015 to April 2017,with length of ICU stay>24 h,were enrolled.The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score within 24 h after admission to ICU:2<SOFA score ≤ 6 mild sepsis group (n =50),6<SOFA score ≤ 12 moderate sepsis group (n =50) and SOFA score> 12 severe sepsis group (n =45).Peripheral venous blood samples were collected immediately after admission to hospital for determination of serum pro-ADM concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of pro-ADM in predicting sepsis at different degrees of severity was plotted,and the area under the curve and 95% confidence interval,cut-off value,sensitivity and specificity were calculated.Results The serum pro-ADM concentrations were significantly increased with the severity of sepsis,and the length of ICU stay was prolonged with the severity of sepsis (P<0.05).In mild sepsis group,the area under the ROC curve was 0.770,95% confidence interval 0.591-0.949,sensitivity 0.725,specificity 0.700 and cut-off value 6.45 nmol/L.In moderate sepsis group,the area under the ROC curve was 0.776,95% confidence interval 0.645-0.907,sensitivity 0.813,specificity 0.760,cut-off value 8.30 nmol/L.In severe sepsis group,the area under the ROC curve was 0.83,95% confidence interval 0.715-0.963,sensitivity 0.73,specificity 0.800,cut-off value 5.70 nmol/L.Conclusion Serum pro-ADM concentration can be used as a reliable index in predicting sepsis at different degrees of severity.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 316-324, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348268

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a highly evolutionarily conserved physiological mechanism of organism, including several stages such as autophagosomes formation, the fusion of lysosomes and autophagosomes, and autophagosomes degradation. In physiological conditions, autophagy is responsible for clearing the spoiled organelles and long-lived proteins to maintain the homeostasis of cells and organism. Meanwhile, autophagy is also involved in the formation and development of diseases, but the mechanism has not been confirmed yet. The relationship between autophagy and hypoxic ischemic brain injuries represented by stroke is a research hotpot in recent years, but there is no clear conclusion about autophagy's role and mechanism in hypoxic ischemic brain injuries. We reviewed the activation, function and mechanism of autophagy in hypoxic ischemic brain injuries, in order to provide some perspectives on these researches.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Autophagy , Homeostasis , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Lysosomes
17.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1487-1493, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608876

ABSTRACT

AIM: To construct recombinant lentiviral vector with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) of CREB gene, and to investigate the effect of CREB gene silencing on mitochondrial morphology and cell apoptosis in oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced cortical neurons.METHODS: Three lentiviral vectors pLentiLox3.7 (PLL) inserted shRNA fragments targeting CREB gene were co-transfected with the packaging plasmids psPAX2 and pMD2.G to the 293T cells, and the virus particles, which was infected with the primary cortical neurons, was encapsulated.The protein expression of CREB was detected by Western blot.The mitochondrial morphology, cell apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were evaluated by the methods of MitoTracker red, TUNEL and Western blot in OGD/R induced cortical neurons after CREB gene silencing.RESULTS: The pLL-CREB-shRNA1 was the most effective shRNA, which inhibited 80% CREB gene expression in the cortical neurons.The mitochondrial was appeared dot and fragment morphology in OGD/R induced cortical neurons with transfected pLL-CREB-shRNA1 plasmid.In addition, the expression of Bcl-2 was decreased, the expression of Bax, and the apoptosis of the neurons were increased by tranfected with pLL-CREB-shRNA1.CONCLUSION: CREB shRNA recombinant lentiviral vector specifically inhibits the expression of CREB gene.CREB gene silencing promotes the cell apoptosis and mitochondrial morphological changes in the cortical neurons induced by OGD/R.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 694-699, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618141

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain-containing 2 (CRISPLD2) in diagnosis and prognosis in patients with sepsis.Methods Clinical data of patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the severity of sepsis, the patients were divided into three groups: sepsis patients, severe sepsis patients and septic shock patients, and 100 healthy persons were enrolled as control group. Levels of serum CRISPLD2, procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, and 28-day prognosis were recorded. Analysis of the correlation between CRISPLD2 and PCT, CRP, APACHEⅡscore, SOFA score was done. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted for the CRISPLD2 value for the diagnosis and prognosis in patients with sepsis.Results A total of 115 patients with sepsis were enrolled in this study, including 52 sepsis, 48 severe sepsis, and 15 septic shock; 29 patients died after 28 days, 28-days mortality rate was 25.2%. There was no significant difference in CRISPLD2 between sepsis and healthy control group (mg/L: 204.1±74.5 vs. 211.3±12.0, P > 0.05); the level of CRISPLD2 in septic shock group was significantly lower than that in sepsis group and severe sepsis group (mg/L: 139.0±55.0 vs. 240.2±89.6, 233.0±8.9, bothP 216.0 mg/L, the sensitivity was 96.7%, and the specificity was 92.6%, which power lied between PCT and CRP. The AUC of CRISPLD2 for prognosis was significantly lower than that of PCT [0.617 (0.507-0.727) vs. 0.786 (0.668-0.903),P <0.01]; when the cut-off value of CRISPLD2 was 103.5 mg/L, the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 25.6%. Conclusion CRISPLD2 is a potential biomarker in sepsis, but cannot predict the prognosis of patients with sepsis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1912-1916, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660129

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrion is an organelle containing its own genome in eukaryotic cells , which encodes 37 genes involved in mitochondrial functions .Mitoepigenetic regulation is a major form of mitochondrial genome-encoded genes that regulates the expression levels without altering the sequences of the genes .The mitoepigenetic regulation is involved in the occurrence and development of various diseases .This paper reviews the progress of mitoepigenetic regulation and Alzhe-imer disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1912-1916, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657744

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrion is an organelle containing its own genome in eukaryotic cells , which encodes 37 genes involved in mitochondrial functions .Mitoepigenetic regulation is a major form of mitochondrial genome-encoded genes that regulates the expression levels without altering the sequences of the genes .The mitoepigenetic regulation is involved in the occurrence and development of various diseases .This paper reviews the progress of mitoepigenetic regulation and Alzhe-imer disease.

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