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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Bladder cancer is one of the most common urothelial tumors with high incidence and mortality rates. Although it has been reported that microRNA (miR)-133b can regulate tumorigenesis of bladder cancer, the mechanism remains unclear. Sex-determining region Y-box transcription factor 4 (SOX4) exhibits an important role in tumorigenesis, but it is unclear whether SOX4 and miR-133b are associated with regulation of pathogenesis of bladder cancer. This study aims to determine the expressions of SOX4 and miR-133b in bladder cancer tissues and cells, investigate their effects on the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion of bladder cancer cells, and to explore the association between miR-133b and SOX4 in regulating biological featurss of bladder cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The bladder cancer and adjacent tissue samples of 10 patients who underwent surgical resection in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South Universty from Januray to June 2015 were obtained. The levels of miR-133b were tested by real-time PCR, and the protein levels of SOX4 were evaluated using Western blotting in bladder cancer tissues, matched adjacent tissues, and cell lines. The correlation between miR-133b expression and SOX4 expression in bladder cancer tissues was analyzed. Using the online database TargetScan, the relationship between SOX4 and miR-133b was predicted. MiR-133b mimics, miR-133b inhibitor, and short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-SOX4 were transfected into T24 cells by Lipofectamine 2000. The relationship between miR-133b and SOX4 was also verified by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. The proliferation of T24 cells cultured for 0, 12, 48, 72, and 96 h was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The colony formation capacity of bladder cancer cells was tested after 14-day culture, and cell invasion capacity was evaluated with Transwell invasion assay.@*RESULTS@#Bladder cancer tissue and bladder cancer cells had low level of miR-133b but high level of SOX4, compared with matched adjacent tissues and normal bladder epithelial cells. A negative correlation between miR-133b mRNA and SOX4 protein levels in bladder cancer tissues was also found (r=-0.84). The results of online database TargetScan showed that miR-133b targets at SOX4, and overexpression of miR-133b significantly attenuated the expression of SOX4 in T24 cells. Both overexpression of miR-133b and knockdown of SOX4 significantly inhibited the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion capacity of bladder cancer cells in vitro. SOX4 down-regulation restored the effects of miR-133b inhibitor on the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion capacity of T24 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The up-regulation of SOX4 contributes to the progression of bladder cancer, and miR-133b can regulate the proliferation, colony formation, and invasion of bladder cancer cells via inhibiting SOX4.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , SOXC Transcription Factors/genetics , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Lingbao Huxin Pill (LBHX) protects against acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at the infarct border zone (IBZ) of myocardial tissue by regulating apoptosis and inflammation through the sirtuin 1 (SIRT1)-mediated forkhead box protein O1 (FOXO1) and nuclear factor-κ B (NF-κ B) signaling pathways.@*METHODS@#Six-week-old Wistar rats with normal diet were randomized into the sham, the model, Betaloc (0.9 mg/kg daily), LBHX-L (0.45 mg/kg daily), LBHX-M (0.9 mg/kg daily), LBHX-H (1.8 mg/kg daily), and LBHX+EX527 (0.9 mg/kg daily) groups according to the method of random number table, 13 in each group. In this study, left anterior descending coronary artery (LADCA) ligation was performed to induce an AMI model in rats. The myocardial infarction area was examined using a 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride solution staining assay. A TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was conducted to assess cardiomyocyte apoptosis in the IBZ. The histopathology of myocardial tissue at the IBZ was assessed with Heidenhain, Masson and hematoxylineosin (HE) staining assays. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1 β, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). The mRNA expressions of SIRT1 and FOXO1 were detected by real-time qPCR (RT-qPCR). The protein expressions of SIRT1, FOXO1, SOD2, BAX and NF- κ B p65 were detected by Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#The ligation of the LADCA successfully induced an AMI model. The LBHX pretreatment reduced the infarct size in the AMI rats (P<0.01). The TUNEL assay revealed that LBHX inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis at the IBZ. Further, the histological examination showed that the LBHX pretreatment decreased the ischemic area of myocardial tissue (P<0.05), myocardial interstitial collagen deposition (P<0.05) and inflammation at the IBZ. The ELISA results indicated that LBHX decreased the serum levels of inflammatory cytokines in the AMI rats (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, Western blot analysis revealed that the LBHX pretreatment upregulated the protein levels of SIRT1, FOXO1 and SOD2 (P<0.05) and downregulated NF- κ B p65 and BAX expressions (P<0.05). The RT-qPCR results showed that LBHX increased the SIRT1 mRNA and FOXO1 mRNA levels (P<0.05). These protective effects, including inhibiting apoptosis and alleviating inflammation in the IBZ, were partially abolished by EX527, an inhibitor of SIRT1.@*CONCLUSION@#LBHX could protect against AMI by suppressing apoptosis and inflammation in AMI rats and the SIRT1-mediated FOXO1 and NF- κ B signaling pathways were involved in the cardioprotection effect of LBHX.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Inflammation/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Sirtuin 1/genetics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the optimal maintenance dose of caffeine citrate for preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 566 preterm infants (gestational age ≤34 weeks) who were treated and required assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit of 30 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province of China between January 1 and December 31, 2019. The 405 preterm infants receiving high-dose (10 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate after a loading dose of 20 mg/kg within 24 hours after birth were enrolled as the high-dose group. The 161 preterm infants receiving low-dose (5 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate were enrolled as the low-dose group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the low-dose group, the high-dose group had significant reductions in the need for high-concentration oxygen during assisted ventilation (P=0.044), the duration of oxygen inhalation after weaning from noninvasive ventilation (P<0.01), total oxygen inhalation time during hospitalization (P<0.01), the proportion of preterm infants requiring noninvasive ventilation again (P<0.01), the rate of use of pulmonary surfactant and budesonide (P<0.05), and the incidence rates of apnea and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.01), but the high-dose group had a significantly increased incidence rate of feeding intolerance (P=0.032). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the body weight change, the incidence rates of retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage or necrotizing enterocolitis, the mortality rate, and the duration of caffeine use (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This pilot multicenter study shows that the high maintenance dose (10 mg/kg per day) is generally beneficial to preterm infants in China and does not increase the incidence rate of common adverse reactions. For the risk of feeding intolerance, further research is needed to eliminate the interference of confounding factors as far as possible.


Subject(s)
Caffeine/therapeutic use , Citrates , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of an aggregational gastroenteritis and determine the genotypes of sapovirus, and to provide scientific basis for formulating effective control strategies. Methods:Unified case definition, active case search and descriptive epidemiology were used to analyze the epidemic. Feces or anal swabs of untreated students, teachers, canteen staff as well as canteen environment samples were collected. Norovirus and sapovirus nucleic acid tests were conducted by real-time fluorescent RT-PCR, and sapovirus nucleic acid was amplified by conventional RT-PCR. The gene region of capsid protein was analyzed by MEGA7.0 software and phylogenetic tree was constructed. Results:A total of 12 cases were reported in the epidemic, and the incidence rate was 44.44%. All reported cases, with vomiting symptoms, were found in the same class. The epidemic showed a point-based outbreak. The first case became the source of infection in class, and the epidemic lasted for 8 days. Real-time fluorescent RT-PCR assay confirmed that five children's feces were positive for sapovirus nucleic acid, and the first-episode children's feces were positive for sapovirus and GII norovirus nucleic acid. Sequence alignment result showed that the sapovirus strains belonged to GI.1 type with homologous genes. Conclusion:Based on the clinical manifestations, field epidemiological investigation and laboratory test results, we confirm that the first case of the epidemic in class is caused by GI.1 sapovirus infection. The epidemic is effectively controlled by comprehensive measures such as case isolation and disinfection.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 292-301, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Generic drugs are bioequivalent to their brand-name counterparts; however, concerns still exist regarding the effectiveness and safety of generic drugs because of small sample sizes and short follow-up time in most studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term antihypertensive efficacy, cost-effectiveness and cardiovascular outcomes of generic drugs compared with brand-name drugs.@*METHODS@#In a multicenter, community-based study including 7955 hypertensive patients who were prospectively followed up for an average of 2.5 years, we used the propensity-score-matching method to match the patients using brand-name drugs to those using generic drugs in a ratio of 1:2, 2176 patients using brand-name drugs and 4352 patients using generic drugs.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between generic drugs and brand-name drugs in blood pressure (BP)-lowering efficacy, BP control rate, and cardiovascular outcomes including coronary heart disease and stroke. The adjusted mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) of systolic BP (SBP)-lowering was -7.9 mmHg (95% CI, -9.9 to -5.9) in the brand-name drug group and -7.1 mmHg (95% CI, -9.1 to -5.1) in the generic drug group after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, number of antihypertensive drugs and traditionally cardiovascular risk factors. Among patients aged <60 years, brand-name drugs had a higher BP control rate (47% vs. 41%; P = 0.02) and a greater effect in lowering SBP compared with generic drugs, with the between-group difference of 1.5 mmHg (95% CI, 0.2-2.8; P = 0.03). BP control rate was higher in male patients using brand-name drugs compared with those using generic drugs (46% vs. 40%; P = 0.01). Generic drugs treatment yielded an average annual incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $315.4 per patient per mmHg decrease in SBP compared with brand-name drugs treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our data suggested that generic drugs are suitable and cost-effective in improving hypertension management and facilitating public health benefits, especially in low- and middle-income areas.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Pressure , China , Drugs, Generic/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) in the resistance of pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells to gemcitabine (GEM), and clarify the relationship between SNHG1 and miR-330.Methods:The clinical data of 179 pancreatic tissue samples and 171 adjacent normal pancreas tissues were collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and bioinformatics analysis was performed to analyze the expression of SNHG1 and miR-330 in pancreatic cancer tissue and adjacent normal tissue. PANC1 cell line with the resistance to GEM was established by the intermittent gradient doubling method in vitro. The GEM-resistant cells were divided into three groups: si-NC-GEM (negative control) group, si-SNHG1-GEM (transfected with siRNA targeting SNHG1) group, and GEM-resistant group. At the same time, to validate the role of miR-330 in targeting SNHG1 expression, the GEM-resistant cells were further divided into three groups: NC-inh+ si-NC group (co-transfected with negative control miR-330 inhibitor and si-NC), NC-inh+ si-SNHG1 group (co-transfected with negative control miR-330 inhibitor and si-SNHG1), and miR-330-inh + si-SNHG1 group (co-transfected with miR-330 inhibitor and si-SNHG1). qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of SNHG1 and miR-330 in GEM-resistant cells. CCK-8 and immunofluorescence (Ki67) were used to test GEM-resistant cell growth and proliferation. Transwell and wound healing were used to test the migration and invasion in GEM-resistant cells. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the regulatory relationship between SNHG1 and miR-330. Results:Compared to the adjacent normal tissues of pancreatic cancer, the expression of lncRNA SNHG1 in pancreatic cancer tissues was significantly increased (6.543±0.72 vs 5.31±0.96), and the expression of miR-330 was greatly decreased (2.54±1.85 vs 3.01±1.23); and all the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The expression of lncRNA SNHG1 in si-NC-GEM group, si-SNHG1-GEM group, and GEM-resistant group was 2.43±0.10, 0.26±0.08 and 3.25±0.310, which in si-SNHG1-GEM group was lower than those in si-NC-GEM group or GEM-resistant group. While the expression of miR-330 in si-NC-GEM group, si-SNHG1-GEM group, and GEM-resistant group was 0.47±0.13, 0.84±0.12 and 0.38±0.21, which in si-SNHG1-GEM group was higher than those in si-NC-GEM group or GEM-resistant group. All the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Compared to the si-NC-GEM group or GEM-resistant group, A450, Ki67, number of migrated cells and the distance of invasion in si-SNHG1-GEM group were all decreased, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Otherwise, luciferase activity of miR-330-WT in si SNHG1-GEM group was significantly higher than that in NC siRNA group (3.21±0.22 vs 1.03±0.18). The luciferase activity of SNHG1-WT in miR-330 inhibitor group was significantly lower than that in NC inhibitor group (0.97±0.21 vs 2.32±0.17). In miR-330-inh+ si-SNHG1 GEM-resistant group, the cell A450, Ki67, migration cell and distant of invasion was higher than those in NC-inh+ si-SNHG1 group, and the difference was statistically significant (all P value<0.05). Conclusions:lncRNA SNHG1 targeting miR-330 could promote GEM resistance in pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells.

7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 557-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888707

ABSTRACT

Additional sex combs-like 1 (ASXL1) interacts with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) deubiquitinase to oppose the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1)-mediated histone H2A ubiquitylation. Germline BAP1 mutations are found in a spectrum of human malignancies, while ASXL1 mutations recurrently occur in myeloid neoplasm and are associated with poor prognosis. Nearly all ASXL1 mutations are heterozygous frameshift or nonsense mutations in the middle or to a less extent the C-terminal region, resulting in the production of C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins. How ASXL1 regulates specific target genes and how the C-terminal truncation of ASXL1 promotes leukemogenesis are unclear. Here, we report that ASXL1 interacts with forkhead transcription factors FOXK1 and FOXK2 to regulate a subset of FOXK1/K2 target genes. We show that the C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins are expressed at much higher levels than the wild-type protein in ASXL1 heterozygous leukemia cells, and lose the ability to interact with FOXK1/K2. Specific deletion of the mutant allele eliminates the expression of C-terminally truncated ASXL1 and increases the association of wild-type ASXL1 with BAP1, thereby restoring the expression of BAP1-ASXL1-FOXK1/K2 target genes, particularly those involved in glucose metabolism, oxygen sensing, and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathways. In addition to FOXK1/K2, we also identify other DNA-binding transcription regulators including transcription factors (TFs) which interact with wild-type ASXL1, but not C-terminally truncated mutant. Our results suggest that ASXL1 mutations result in neomorphic alleles that contribute to leukemogenesis at least in part through dominantly inhibiting the wild-type ASXL1 from interacting with BAP1 and thereby impairing the function of ASXL1-BAP1-TF in regulating target genes and leukemia cell growth.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888252

ABSTRACT

Alternating hemiplegia of childhood is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder. Most cases are reported as sporadic disorder due to

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application method and effect of standardized scenario simulation teaching based on Kirkpatrick model in vocational protection education for nursing students.Methods:A historical controlled trial study was designed. Practical nursing students enrolled in 2018-2019 and 2017-2018 were selected into the experimental group ( n=203) and control group ( n=196), respectively. The experimental group adopted standardized scenario simulation teaching in the prevention and control education of needlestick injuries, and the control group adopted traditional classroom lecture. Using the Kirkpatrick model, the teaching effect of needlestick injuries protection for nursing students were compared between the 2 groups from such 4 levels as in reaction level, learning level, behavior level and results level. Results:There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups in terms of age, gender, educational background and test scores of nursing professional knowledge as compared to that before practice. In reaction level: the nursing students' satisfaction of experimental group in teaching methods ( t=25.149, P<0.001) and teaching environment ( t=12.827, P<0.001) are higher than that of the control group, with statistical significance. In learning level: the test scores of needlestick injury knowledge in experimental group were significantly higher than those in control group ( t=8.221, P<0.001). In behavior level: the level of needlestick injury protection behavior in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t=9.250, P<0.001), and the knowledge conversion rate in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group ( t=6.054, P<0.001). In results level: the needlestick injuries incidence of experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( χ2=15.815, P<0.001), the reported rate of needlestick injuries of experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( χ2=14.185, P<0.001). Conclusion:The implementation of standardized scenario simulation teaching can effectively improve the effectiveness of vocational protection learning and reduce the incidence of needlestick injuries.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided midline catheter placement on the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in severe emergency patients.Methods:Five hundred and twenty-nine patients were chosen as the research objects from March 2018 to December 2019 at Emergency Intensive Care Unit, which was divided into the experimental group ( n=278) and the control group ( n=251). In the experimental group, ultrasound-guided midline catheter was used as central venous catheter (CVC) removal method of sequential, and in the control group, peripheral venous indwelling needle was used as sequential method after removal of CVC. CVC, midline catheter and the indwelling time of indwelling needle were counted. The utilization rate of CVC was compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was plotted to describe the CVC indwelling time of the two groups and log-rank test was performed. Cox regression analysis was performed to analyze the influencing factors of CVC indwelling time and compare the incidence of CRBSI and other catheter-related complications. Results:The CVC indwelling time of the experimental group was significantly shorter than that of the control group (8 d vs. 13 d, P=0.000). The CVC utilization rate of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (49.83% vs. 80.45%, P=0.000). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that difficult intravenous access, length of ICU stay, the site of catheter placement, and midline catheter implantation without ultrasound-guidance were independent risk factors for prolonged CVC indwelling time ( P=0.000). The CRBSI rate of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.571‰ vs. 3.802‰, P=0.038). There was no significant difference in the incidence of other catheter-related complications between the two groups ( P=0.403). Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided midline catheter implantation can shorten the indwelling time of CVC, reduce the utilization rate of CVC, and reduce the incidence of CRBSI, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 935-943, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878142

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Since 2019, a novel coronavirus named 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has emerged worldwide. Apart from fever and respiratory complications, acute kidney injury has been observed in a few patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Furthermore, according to recent findings, the virus has been detected in urine. Angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE2) has been proposed to serve as the receptor for the entry of 2019-nCoV, which is the same as that for the severe acute respiratory syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the possible cause of kidney damage and the potential route of 2019-nCoV infection in the urinary system.@*METHODS@#We used both published kidney and bladder cell atlas data and new independent kidney single-cell RNA sequencing data generated in-house to evaluate ACE2 gene expression in all cell types in healthy kidneys and bladders. The Pearson correlation coefficients between ACE2 and all other genes were first generated. Then, genes with r values larger than 0.1 and P values smaller than 0.01 were deemed significant co-expression genes with ACE2.@*RESULTS@#Our results showed the enriched expression of ACE2 in all subtypes of proximal tubule (PT) cells of the kidney. ACE2 expression was found in 5.12%, 5.80%, and 14.38% of the proximal convoluted tubule cells, PT cells, and proximal straight tubule cells, respectively, in three published kidney cell atlas datasets. In addition, ACE2 expression was also confirmed in 12.05%, 6.80%, and 10.20% of cells of the proximal convoluted tubule, PT, and proximal straight tubule, respectively, in our own two healthy kidney samples. For the analysis of public data from three bladder samples, ACE2 expression was low but detectable in bladder epithelial cells. Only 0.25% and 1.28% of intermediate cells and umbrella cells, respectively, had ACE2 expression.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has provided bioinformatics evidence of the potential route of 2019-nCoV infection in the urinary system.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , COVID-19 , Gene Expression , Humans , Kidney/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2 , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Single-Cell Analysis , Urinary Bladder/metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical utility of liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry forprimary aldosteronism screening.Methods:From January to October 2019, 413 inpatients diagnosed hypertension from Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were enrolled, including 60 Primary aldosteronism(PA)patients and 353 primary hypertension patients. The plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and renin concentration (DRC) were measured after 2 h of standing. The 24 h urine samples were collected for measurement of aldosterone using LC-MS/MS. The performance of urine aldosterone and urine aldosterone/renin ratio (UADRR) in PA screening was evaluated by ROC, and compared with PAC/DRC ratio (ADRR). Meanwhile, the efficiency of urine aldosterone in elderly patients or patients with low blood potassium or 24 h urine sodium over 200 mmol was investigated.Results:Area under the curve (AUC)of urine aldosterone was 0.725 (95 %CI 0.679-0.767), and the best cut-off was 7.13 μg/24 h, which was lower than AUC of ADRR (0.958, 95 %CI 0.934-0.975). The AUC of UADRR was 0.947 (95 %CI 0.920-0.966), the best cut-off was 1.11 (μg/24 h)/(μIU/ml), the sensitivity and specificity were 91.7% and 89.0%, respectively. There is no significant differences found with ADRR. In patients with 24 h urine sodium over 200 mmol, AUC of aldosterone was 0.834 (95 %CI 0.730-0.910) and the best cut-off was 9.31 μg/24 h. The sensitivity and specificity were 90.9% and 68.7%, respectively. For the elderly patients over 60 years old, the AUC of urinary aldosterone was 0.860 (95 %CI 0.770-0.925), and the best cut-off was 6.91 μg/24 h. The sensitivity and specificity were 84.6% and 81.3%, respectively. When admission blood potassium was less than 3.50 mmol/L, AUC of urinary aldosterone was 0.822 (95 %CI 0.684-0.917), and the best cut-off was 10.63 μg/24 h. The sensitivity and specificity were 85.7% and 66.7%, respectively. Conclusion:The detection of aldosterone in urine by LC-MS/MS can provide clinical information for PA screening, and the screening performance is better in patients with 24-hour urine sodium over 200 mmol, elderly patients or patients with low blood potassium. If combined with renin, screening efficiency was the same as that in ADRR.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870206

ABSTRACT

Objective:This observational study was aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Methods:A total of 668 patients with IE, and 7 427 patients with HCM were treated in Fuwai Hospital from August 2006 to December 2018. Among them, 14 patients were diagnosed with HCM and IE. The clinical characteristics of these patients including clinical manifestations, pathogen distribution, echocardiography features, in-hospital treatment and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The proportion of HCM patients with IE was 0.19%,with the estimated incidence of 0.15/1 000 person-years in HCM patients. Of the 14 patients, 11 patients were male. The most common clinical manifestations were fever and heart murmur, and the main complications were heart failure (12/14) and bacterial embolism (8/14). There were 8 cases (8/14) with positive blood culture, and all causative bacteria were gram positive coccus, in which 5/8 were Streptococcus. The median interventricular septum thickness was (21.2±2.7) mm, and left ventricular outflow obstruction was severe based on echocardiography (Echo) examination. The Echo showed that vegetation was found in all 14 patients and most of the vegetation attached at the anterior leaflet of mitral valve (12/14). The proportions of patients with circulatory embolism (8/14) and valve lesions (12/14) were relatively high. Most cases (10/14) were cured, especially those underwent cardiac surgery (8 cases). The rest 4 cases died with 2 in hospital and 2 after auto-discharge. Conclusions:HCM patients complicated with IE are rare. Septic embolization and valve lesions are common in these patients. IE patients with HCM might have a poor prognosis compared to those without HCM and should receive cardiac surgery as early as possible.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846445

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen inhibitors targeting SARS-CoV-2 S protein-ACE2 interaction by molecular docking. Methods: Candidate natural products were collected from Selleck China natural product library (Catalog No. L1400, 2 054 natural products). The structure of SARS-CoV-2 S protein-ACE2 had been determined by Qiang Zhou team (PDB: 6M17). The molecular docking was performed by Discovery Studio. Results: Based on the virtual amino acid mutation experiment which determined the key amino acids, the binding cavity was created. Then, 11 compounds were screened out from the natural compound library: digitonin, Lonicera grisea saponin A, forsythiaside B, L. grisea saponin B, Dipsacus asperges saponin B, hederacoside D, platycodon D, echinacoside, ginsenoside Rb2, ginsenoside Rc, and chlorogenic acid C. Conclusion: The 11 potential inhibitors targeting SARS-CoV-2 S protein-ACE2 interaction were screened out from natural products library, which provides a reference for the research of new anti SARS-CoV-2 drugs.

15.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 895-898, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825207

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report an investigation of a family cluster of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) in Ningbo, so as to provide reference for the prevention and control measures.@*Methods@#According to the COVID-19 Prevention and Control Program ( fourth version ) , an epidemiological investigation was conducted to collect the demographic information, clinical features and exposure history, to find the close contacts, and to figure out the source and route of infection. @*Results@#Twelve confirmed cases and one asymptomatic case were reported. The attack rate was 16.05%. Among them, five were males and eight were females; the age ranged from 11 to 85 years old, with a median of 39 years old; most had mild symptoms. The incubation period was 2-13 days, with a median of 6.5 days. The first case ( Case 1 ) developed the symptoms on January 22, and had close contact with Zhang, an asymptomatic case, on January 20. Zhang was related to a cluster in the Buddhist assembly on January 19. Case 1, who caused the spread of the epidemic among family members, participated in several family visits and dinners from January 22 to 27 with other 24 families, resulting in six secondary cases and six third-generation cases. There were 54 close contacts except the family members, no infection was found. @*Conclusion@#This family cluster may result from the close contact with an asymptomatic case, and then spread within families through having dinners and living together.

16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 123-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799405

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes.@*Results@#The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: β=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: β=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.

17.
J Genet ; 2019 Apr; 98: 1-4
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215463

ABSTRACT

Noncoding somatic mutations have been demonstrated to play important role in tumourigenesis. Here we show that there exists an acute myeloid leukaemia associated noncoding somatic mutation at 3′ terminal of conserved HOXA cluster. The mutation was identified in the bone marrow blasts but not peripheral blood mononuclear cells or buccal cells of two M3 (acute promyelocytic leukaemia, APL) type patients from 45 acute myeloid leukaemia patients. The mutation also existed in a pair of twins one of them developed acute myeloid leukaemia M4 (acute myelomonocytic leukaemia) type. The mutation resides in about 2-kb downstream of HOXA1 gene where a functional retinoic acid response element is located and also bound by histone demethylase KDM3B. Reporter assay showed that the mutation results in the upregulation of transcriptional activity and unresponsiveness to retinoic acid receptor. To sum up, we identified a new acute myeloid leukaemia associated noncoding somatic mutation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 108-116, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810439

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the safety and impact of short-term anticoagulant therapy on prognosis after selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease.@*Methods@#From January 2013 to December 2013, 9 769 consecutive patients underwent selective PCI in Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups, including non-post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group and low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group (enoxaparin 0.4 ml/12 h or fondaparinux 2.5 mg/day by subcutaneous injection for 2-3 days after PCI). All patients were evaluated at 30 days, 180 days and 12 months for major adverse coronary and cerebral events (MACCE) including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization and stroke as well as in-stent thrombosis and bleeding events. Data from 1 755 pairs of patients were analysis after propensity score matching. The clinical outcomes were compared between groups by using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis before and after propensity score matching. Multivariable Cox analysis was used to define the impact and determinants of post-PCI anticoagulation on clinical outcomes.@*Results@#one thousand seven hundred and fifty-five (18.0%) patients didn′t receive post-PCI anticoagulation and 8 014 (82.0%) patients received post-PCI anticoagulation, 5 666 (58.0%) patients received enoxaparin and 2 348 (24.0%) patients received fondaparinux. Patients were younger and incidence of female patients was less, incidence of renal dysfunction and acute coronary syndrome were higher in low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group than in non-post-PCI anticoagulation group (all P<0.05). Similarly, patients with post-PCI anticoagulation were associated with more left main coronary artery lesion and branch lesion (P<0.05). Post-PCI anticoagulation patients were associated with less trans-femoral process, more drug-eluting stents implantation and less simple balloon dilatation (all P<0.05). Nine thousand seven hundred and seventeen (99.5%) patients completed 2 years follow up. Post-PCI anticoagulation patients had significantly lower 30-day all-cause death (0.05% (4 cases) vs. 0.46% (8 cases), P<0.001) and stroke (0 vs. 0.11% (2 cases), P=0.003), lower 180-day all-cause death (0.17% (14 cases) vs. 0.57% (10 cases), P=0.002), revascularization (2.07% (166 cases) vs. 3.71% (65 cases), P<0.001) and MACCE (3.49% (280 cases) vs. 5.47% (96 cases), P<0.001), lower 2-year revascularization (7.61% (610 cases) vs. 12.84% (225 cases), P<0.001) and MACCE (10.92 (875 cases) vs. 16.01% (281 cases), P<0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that post-PCI anticoagulant therapy was an independent protective factor of 30-day (HR=0.17, 95%CI 0.05-0.62, P=0.007), 180-day all-cause death (HR=0.37, 95%CI 0.16-0.87, P=0.023) and MACCE (HR=0.74, 95%CI 0.58-0.94, P=0.013), 2-year MACCE (HR=0.71, 95%CI 0.62-0.81, P<0.001). After propensity score matching, post-PCI anticoagulation therapy remained as an independent protective factor of 30-day all-cause death (HR=0.11, 95%CI 0.01-0.92, P=0.042) and 2-year MACCE (HR=0.81, 95%CI 0.68-0.96, P=0.015).@*Conclusions@#Low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy may decrease 30-day all-cause death, 180-day all-cause death and MACCE and 2-year MACCE, and meanwhile this option does not increase bleeding risk in patients underwent selective PCI.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 34-41, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804629

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of coronary lesion calcification on the long-term outcome of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.@*Methods@#In this prospective observational study, a total of 10 119 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from January 1 to December 31, 2 103 in our hospital were enrolled. The patients were divided into non/mild calcification group (8 268 cases) and moderate/severe calcification group (1 851 cases) according to the angiographic results. The primary endpoint was one-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization.@*Results@#The patients were (58.3±10.3) years old, and there were 2 355 females (23.3%). Compared with non/mild calcification group, patients in the moderate/severe calcification group were older ((60.0±10.6) years vs. (57.9±10.2) years, P<0.01), and had higher proportion of female (25.4% (470/1 851) vs. 22.8% (1 885/8 268), P=0.02), debates (33.9% (628/1 851) vs. 29.0% (2 399/8 268), P<0.01), hypertension (68.0% (1 259/1 851) vs. 63.7% (5 264/8 268), P<0.01), coronary artery bypass grafting (4.6% (85/1 851) vs. 3.2% (268/8 268), P<0.01), stroke (12.6% (233/1 851) vs. 10.4% (861/8 268), P=0.01), and renal dysfunction (6.2% (115/1 851) vs. 3.7% (303/8 268), P<0.01). Compared with non/mild calcification group, patients in themoderate/severe calcification group experienced longer procedure time (37 (24, 61) min vs. 27 (17,40) min, P<0.01) and stent length was longer (32 (23,48) mm vs. 27 (18,38) mm, P<0.01), and percent of rotational atherectomy was higher (2.56%(57/2 229) vs. 0.03% (3/11 930), P<0.01). One-year follow-up results showed that MACE (7.5% (139/1 846) vs. 4.9% (402/8 243), P<0.01), all-cause death (1.0% (19/1 846) vs. 0.6% (49/8 243), P=0.04), myocardial infarction (2.2% (41/1 846) vs. 1.4% (114/8 243), P=0.01), and target vessel revascularization (5.0% (92/1 846) vs. 3.2% (266/8 243), P<0.01) were all significantly higher in moderate/severe calcification group than in non/mild group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that moderate/severe calcification was an independent predictor of MACE at one-year after the procedure (HR=1.41, 95%CI 1.16-1.72, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Moderate/severe calcification in coronary lesion is an independent predictor of long-term poor prognosis in coronary heart disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe influence of dialectical addition and subtraction of Shengmaiyin combined with Xuefu Zhuyu Tang on fibrinolytic activity and coagulation active factor of patients with non-small cell lung cancer at hypercoagulable state. Method:One hundred and eighty patients were randomly divided into control group (58 cases) and observation group (60 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got low molecular weight heparins calcium injection by subcutaneous injection for 3 weeks, 1.0 mL (5 000 AXa unit)/time, 1 time/day, and oral aspirin enteric-coated tablets, 100 mg/time, 1 time/day. Patients in observation group got dialectical addition and subtraction of Shengmaiyin combined with Xuefu Zhuyu Tang, 1 dose/day. A course of treatment was 8 weeks. And activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), platelet (PLT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), plasma tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), plasminogen activator inhibitor in plasma-1 (PAI-1), von willebrand factor (vWF), P-selectin, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), transforming growth factor (TGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were detected. And before and after treatment, scores of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and hemorheological indices were detected. Result:After treatment, APTT, PT and TT in observation group were longer than those in control group. Levels of PLT, D-D and PAI-1 were lower than those in control group (PPPPPPPConclusion:Dialectical addition and subtraction of Shengmaiyin combined with Xuefu Zhuyu Tang can ameliorate hypercoagulable state of NSCLC, relieve clinical symptoms, and can regulate fibrinolytic activity and coagulation activity factors, so it can mitigate dangers caused by deep venous thrombosis of NSCLC.

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