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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920792

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of injury among both primary and middle school students in Changning District, Shanghai, and to provide evidence for injury prevention. Methods In 2018, data of basic characteristics and injury-related factors were obtained through field questionnaire survey among the selected primary and middle schools (2 of each). Results The study finally included 1 821 students, with injury incidence rate of 30.1%. Among them, the injury incidence rate for the primary schools was 32.0%, and 28.8% for the middle schools. The top three injury types were falls, sharps injuries, and blunt injuries. Age, gender, myopia, and injury-related knowledge/behaviors were significantly related to injury incidence. Conclusion Falls should still be the priority of injury prevention for primary/middle school students in Changning District. The effect of reducing injuries can be achieved by improving health education about injury-related knowledge/behaviors.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 508-512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of miRNA-133b (miR-133b) and miRNA-150 (miR-150) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their clinical significances.Methods:Thirty patients with NSCLC who underwent surgery and were pathologically diagnosed in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang from June 2018 to June 2019 were selected. Before surgery, 10 ml fasting peripheral blood of patients was collected in the morning. The fresh cancer tissues, adjacent tissues (distance from cancer tissues ≤ 3 cm), normal lung tissues (distance from cancer tissues > 5 cm) were collected after surgery. Thirty people who had a physical examination during the same period were served as the healthy control group, and 10 ml fasting peripheral blood was collected in the morning. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the relative expressions of miR-133b and miR-150 in the serum of the two groups of subjects and the tissues of NSCLC patients. The relationships between serum miR-133b and miR-150 levels and the clinical features in NSCLC patients were analyzed. The pathological diagnosis was used as the gold standard, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the efficacy of miR-133b and miR-150 in diagnosing NSCLC.Results:In NSCLC patients, the relative expressions of miR-133b in cancer tissues, adjacent tissues and normal lung tissues were 0.55±0.17, 0.68±0.11 and 0.69±0.12, and the expression of miR-133b in cancer tissues was lower than that in adjacent tissues and normal lung tissues (both P < 0.01). The relative expressions of miR-150 in cancer tissues, adjacent tissues and normal lung tissues were 1.19±0.14, 1.13±0.13 and 1.09±0.12, and there was no significant difference in the expression of miR-150 between cancer tissues and adjacent tissues ( t = 1.98, P = 0.051), and the expression of miR-150 in cancer tissues was higher than that in normal lung tissues ( t = 3.06, P = 0.003). The relative expression of plasma miR-133b in NSCLC patients was lower than that in healthy controls (0.43±0.11 vs. 0.55±0.16, t = 3.68, P<0.05); the relative expression of plasma miR-150 was higher than that in healthy controls (1.14±0.13 vs. 1.04±0.12, t = -3.18, P < 0.05). The expression level of miR-133b in the serum of NSCLC patients was related to lymph node metastasis ( P = 0.003), but not related to the patients' gender, age, pathological type, and TNM stage (all P > 0.05). The expression level of miR-150 in serum of NSCLC patients was not related to the clinicopathological characteristics (all P > 0.05). According to the ROC curve, the area under the curve of miR-133b and miR-150 in serum of NSCLC patients were 0.732 and 0.726, and the area under the curve of the combined detection of the two was 0.811. Conclusions:The expression levels of miR-133b in cancer tissues and serum of NSCLC patients decrease, and the expression levels of miR-150 increase. The expression trends of the two in cancer tissues and serum of NSCLC patients are consistent. miR-133b may be related to the malignant degree, invasion and metastasis of NSCLC. miR-133b and miR-150 may become molecular markers for the diagnosis of NSCLC, and the combined detection of the two has higher diagnostic efficiency.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To figure out the structure and relevant data measurements of zygomatic ligament by cadaver anatomy and review of previous studies.Methods:From July 2018 to January 2020, the zygomatic areas of 20 Chinese frozen fresh cadaver hemifaces were dissected in the Department of Anatomy, Health Science Center of Hangzhou Normal University. Then the structures of zygomatic ligaments were shown. The characters of the ligament and the relationship with adjacent tissue were described and measured. And 16 previous studies were reviewed to get a comprehensive description about the characters of zygomatic ligaments.Results:Zygomatic ligaments were even and dense fibrous tissue structures distributed vertically between the skin and the subcutaneous tissue. Under the SMAS plane, the ligaments divided into two bundles. The origin of major bundle located beyond the origin of the zygomatic major muscle on the periosteum, and the origin of minor bundle located between the origin of the zygomatic minor and major muscle.Conclusions:The anatomy of the zygomatic ligament has a regular pattern, and its anatomical data has certain directive significance for clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of helmet therapy in cranial remodeling of infants with deformational plagiocephaly.Methods:A total of 114 infants with plagiocephaly received helmet therapy at the age of 4 to 12 months over the period from 2016 to 2018 and the results were analyzed retrospectively. Seventy-four were male and forty female. The average ages were (7.49±1.91) and (7.54±2.10) months, respectively. A Spectra scanner was used to quantify each head′s radial symmetry index (RSI), cranial vault asymmetry (CVA) and cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) before and after 100 days of treatment, and those data were related with age (4-6 months, 7-9 months and 10-12 months), gender and severity of deformity (levels III-V).Results:The average RSI, CVA and CVAI improved significantly for all of the infants studied. The average RSI, CVA and CVAI improved the most for those 4-6 months old. Those with level-IV deformity showed significantly better improvement than those with level III or V deformity.Conclusions:Helmet therapy is an effective way to improve deformities due to plagiocephaly among infants. The best age for treatment is 4-6 months. Patients with less malformation are more easily corrected.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 490-498, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the composition of the renal disease spectrum and epidemiological characterisics for renal biopsy cases in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 10 684 renal biopsy cases from 12 hospitals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from August 1986 to December 2019 were collected and the composition of renal diseases and pathological types were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 10 684 renal biopsy cases with 5 595 males and 5 089 females, 7 804 cases (73.04%) were Han nationality, 2 357 cases (22.06%) were Uygur nationality and 523 cases (4.90%) were other nationalities. Among the 10 684 cases of renal biopsy, primary glomerular disease, secondary glomerular disease, tubulointerstitial disease, end-stage renal disease, genetic and congenital disease and post transplant glomerular disease were 8 533 cases (79.87%), 1 740 cases (16.29%), 229 cases (2.14%), 121 cases (1.13%), 46 cases (0.43%) and 15 cases (0.14%), respectively. The distribution of kidney diseases in Han, Uygur and other nationalities (except Han and Uygur in this region) was the same as that in general. There was no significant difference in disease type composition between Han and Uygur, Han and other nationalities, and Uygur and other nationalities (all P>0.05). Among the 8 533 cases of primary glomerular diseases, the top five pathological types were IgA nephropathy (3 095 cases, 36.27%), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (2 008 cases, 23.53%), membranous nephropathy (1 503 cases, 17.61%), minimal glomerulopathy (567 cases, 6.64%) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (494 cases, 5.79%). The top five pathological types of primary glomerular diseases were different between Han and Uygur, and Han and other nationalities (both P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between Uygur and other nationalities in the top five pathological types of primary glomerular diseases ( P=0.113). Among 1 740 cases of secondary glomerular diseases, the top five pathological types were lupus nephritis (517 cases, 29.71%), Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura nephritis (304 cases, 17.47%), diabetic glomerulosclerosis (285 cases, 16.38%), benign renal arteriosclerosis (196 cases, 11.26%) and systemic vasculitis (101 cases, 5.80%). It was different between Han and Uygur, Han and other nationalities, and Uygur and other nationalities in the top five pathological types of secondary glomerular diseases. Conclusions:Primary glomerular disease accounts for 79.87% of renal diseases in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. IgA nephropathy is the main pathological type, followed by mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and membranous nephropathy. The most common pathological type of secondary glomerular disease in this region is lupus nephritis, followed by Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura nephritis and diabetic glomerulosclerosis. The top five pathological types of primary glomerular diseases and secondary glomerular diseases are different in different ethnic groups in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of aspirin plus low molecule heparin for pancreatic thrombosis during simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK).Methods:A total of 129 patients aged 18 years or higher underwent SPK between September 2016 and March 2020.They were divided retrospectively into two groups of aspirin ( n=60) and heparin ( n=69) according to different anticoagulant regimens.The aspirin group received only aspirin 100 mg/d at Day 1 post-operation.The heparin group received subcutaneous injection of enoxaparin 2 000 AxaIU daily for 7 days and followed by aspirin and clopidogrel.Outcomes and complication rates were compared between two groups. Results:All operations were successful without any mortality.In aspirin group, there were 5 cases of pancreatic thrombosis and one patient underwent pancreatectomy.There was no pancreatic thrombosis in heparin group ( P=0.014). There were 8 cases of intestinal anastomotic bleeding in aspirin group and 19 cases in heparin group.Statistically significant inter-group difference existed ( P=0.048). However, no significant inter-group difference existed in delayed recovery or rejection. Conclusions:Heparin anticoagulation can significantly lower the incidence of pancreatic thrombosis after SPK.Despite a higher incidence of intestinal anastomotic bleeding, no serious complication occurs after conservative meaures.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience and skills of ex-vivo ureteroscopy that performed on deceased donor kidneys with gifted lithiasis on bench prior to transplantation.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, a total of 7 death donors in Capital Medical University Beijing Friendship Hospital were found to have donor gifted lithiasis during pre-donation evaluation, and all of them underwent ureteroscope laser lithotripsy on bench before transplantation. We retrospectively analysied the demographic information of donors, stone size, location, operative complications and stone clearance rate of the total 7 donor kidneys. The mean age of donors was (49.6±6.8) years. The 7 gifted lithiasis consisted of 6 cases of simple pyelolithiasis and 1 case of upper ureteral calculi.Results:The mean diameter of the stones was (1.2±0.5)cm (0.4~2.1 cm). The 5 cases of pyelolithiasis and 1 case of ureteral calculi were examined with semi-rigid ureteroscopy and then underwent holmium laser lithotripsy. The other 1 case had not found the stone during the bench operation. The mean lithotripsy time was (23.0±6.1)min, and all donor kidneys underwent hypothermic machine perfusion after lithotripsy. The initial resistance index (RI) of donor kidney with gifted lithiasis was higher than the other side of the same donor ( P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in end-point RI between the both sides. None of the 7 recipients had severe hematuria after operation and their renal function recovered well. CT scan at 1 month after the operation showed the clearance of stone was satisfied in all 7 recipients. Conclusions:Bench surgery is a minimally invasive method for donor gifted lithiasis management, and it is relatively safe and effective. For most cases, the semi-rigid ureteroscopy can handle it well, but the long-term effect still needs to be further evaluated.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 625-628, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound characteristics of extramammary Paget′s disease (EMPD) .Methods:From January 2015 to October 2019, 32 patients with pathologically confirmed EMPD were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, and characteristics of their high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound images were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Of the 32 lesions, 25 were located on the external genitalia (21 on the scrotum, 4 on the perineum) , 4 on the medial thigh, 1 on the lower abdominal wall, 1 in the perianal region, and 1 on the neck. Ipsilateral inguinal lymph node metastasis occurred in 3 patients, and bilateral inguinal lymph node metastasis in 1 patient. High-frequency ultrasonography showed no obvious abnormal ultrasound manifestations in 6 cases, and thickened skin lesions in 26 cases. According to the morphological and high-frequency ultrasound manifestations, 26 skin lesions were classified into 2 types: 21 diffuse-type lesions with unclear borders and irregular shapes, and 5 mass-type lesions with clear borders and irregular shapes. Solid and homogeneously hypoechoic areas were observed in 18 cases, and solid and heterogeneously hypoechoic areas in 8. According to the Adler blood flow classification, the 26 lesions were classified into 4 grades: 2 of grade 0, 5 of grade 1, 8 of grade 2, and 11 of grade 3.Conclusion:EMPD shows characteristic high-frequency color Doppler ultrasound manifestations, which can facilitate its clinical diagnosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1128-1132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of peroxidase proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway in sodium butyrate-induced reduction of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods:Thirty-two SPF-grade healthy adult male C57BL/6J mice, aged 7-9 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), intestinal I/R group (IIR group), sodium butyrate group (NaB group) and PPARγ inhibitor GW9662 group (GW9662 group). The model of intestinal I/R was established by occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2-h reperfusion in anesthetized animals.GW9662 2 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before ischemia in GW9662 group, and sodium butyrate 500 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before ischemia in NaB and GW9662 groups.Blood samples were obtained via cardiac puncture at 2 h of reperfusion, and the animals were then sacrificed.The intestinal tissues were removed for determination of diamine oxidase (DAO), tumor necrosis factorα (TNF-α) and interleukins 6 (IL-6) concentrations in serum (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and the expression of PPAR and NF-κB p65 (by Western blot). The damage to intestinal mucous membrane was assessed and scored according to Chiu. Results:Compared with group Sham, the Chiu′s score was significantly increased, levels of DAO, TNF-α and IL-6 in serum and intestinal tissues were increased, expression of PPARγ was down-regulated, and expression of NF-κB p65 was up-regulated in group IIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group IIR, the Chiu′s score, levels of DAO, TNF-α and IL-6 in serum and intestinal tissues were decreased, and expression of PPARγ was up-regulated in group NaB, and expression of NF-κB p65 was up-regulated in NaB and GW9662 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group NaB, the Chiu′s score, levels of DAO, TNF-α and IL-6 in serum and intestinal tissues were increased, and expression of PPARγ was down-regulated, and expression of NF-κB p65 was up-regulated in group GW9662 ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which sodium butyrate reduces intestinal I/R injury may be related to activating PPARγ/NF-κB signaling pathway and inhibiting inflammatory responses in mice.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911288

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intrathecal insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain (NP) in mice.Methods:Forty clean-grade healthy male C57 mice, aged 7-9 weeks, weighing 22-24 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), chemotherapy-induced NP group (group CIPN), low-dose IGF-1 group (group I1) and high-dose IGF-1 group (group I2). In CIPN, I1 and I2 groups, oxaliplatin 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected for 5 consecutive days to establish chemotherapy-induced NP model.Normal saline 0.2 ml was given in group C. After measurement of the pain threshold at 10 days after establishment of the model, IGF-1 0.5 and 1.0 μg were intrathecally injected in group I1 and group I2, respectively.Normal saline 5 μl was intrathecally injected in C and CINP groups.Mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 3, 5, 8, 10, 11, 13 and 15 days after establishment of the model.After measurement of the pain threshold at 15 days after establishment of the model, the expression of spinal IGF-1, IGF-1receptor (IGF-1R), interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was detected, and IGF-1 positive cells were counted using immunofluorescence. Results:Compared with group C, MWT was significantly decreased, the expression of spinal IGF-1 was down-regulated, the count of IGF-1 positive cells was decreased, and expression of IL-17A, IL-1β and TNF-α was up-regulated at 3-25 days after establishment of the model in CINP, I1 and I2 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group CIPN, MWT was significantly increased at 15 days after establishment of the model in group I1, and MWT was increased, the expression of spinal IGF-1 was up-regulated, the count of IGF-1 positive cells was increased, and expression of IL-17A, IL-1β and TNF-α was down-regulated at 13 and 15 days after establishment of the model in group I2 ( P<0.05). Compared with group I1, the count of IGF-1 positive cells in spinal dorsal horn was increased in group I2 ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of spinal IGF-1R among the 4 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intrathecal IGF-1 can alleviate chemotherapy-induced NP, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting the inflammatory responses in spinal cord of mice.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911259

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway in atorvastatin-induced reduction of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods:Twenty-four healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 18-22 g, were divide into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), intestinal I/R group (I/R group), atorvastatin group (ATV group) and atorvastatin+ Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 group (AM group). Intestinal I/R was produced by occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by reperfusion.In ATV and AM groups, atorvastatin 10 mg/kg was given by gavage for 3 consecutive days daily at 3 day before establishment of the model, while the equal volume of normal saline was given by gavage in S and I/R groups.Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 30 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before establishment of the model in group AM.The mice were sacrificed at 2 h of reperfusion, and intestine tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes of intestinal tissues (with a light microscope) which were scored according to Chiu, for determination of wet/dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), for detection of the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and content of malondialdehyde (MDA) (by xanthine oxidase method and thiobarbituric acid condensation method) and for determination of the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 (by Western blot). Results:Compared with S group, the Chiu score, W/D ratio and MDA content were significantly increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, and the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was up-regulated in the other 3 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with the group I/R, the Chiu score, W/D ratio and MDA content were significantly decreased, the SOD activity was increased, and the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in group ATV, and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in AM group ( P>0.05). Compared with the group ATV, the Chiu score, W/D ratio and MDA content were significantly increased, the SOD activity was decreased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was decreased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes were significantly aggravated in group AM. Conclusion:The mechanism by which atorvastatin reduces intestinal I/R injury is related to activating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in mice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 824-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of the magnetic resonance imaging guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa).Methods:The data of 5 patients treated by MRgFUS from August 2020 to June 2021 in our institution were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 73 (58-80) years, with the median PSA of 7.34 (5.19-8.40) ng/ml, and a median prostate volume of 27.96 (21.50-37.91) ml. The median pretreatment international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 13(0-18). Of the 3 patients with intention of erectile function preservation, the pretreatment international index of erectile function-15 (IIEF-15) score was 12, 23 and 3, respectively. All patients had histopathology-proven PCa of grade group ≤ International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) 3, pre-operative PSA level <20 ng/ml, and a clinical stage ≤T 2b. A total of 6 lesions was confirmed by biopsy, with 3 of ISUP grade group 3 and 3 of ISUP grade group 1. All 5 patients underwent MRgFUS which was guided by a real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PSA, MRI and repeated biopsy were conducted to monitor recurrence. Questionnaires consisted of IPSS, IIEF-15, and the International Consultation on Incontinence-questionnaire-Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) were recorded before and after MRgFUS to evaluate the impact on functional preservation. Results:A total of 5 patients received MRgFUS. In total, 5 of the 6 lesions were treated. 1 lesion unvisible on MRI was not clinically significant and was left untreated. The median time in MRI scanner was 190 (140-355) min, and the median sonication time was 64 (35-148) min with the median sonications of 8 (5-13). The median catheter indwelling time was 1 (1-8) days. No other adverse effects were reported. The PSA level of all 5 patients decreased, with the nadir PSA of 1.196 ng/ml, 4.398 ng/ml, 4.135 ng/ml, 1.562ng/ml and 1.350ng/ml, respectively. 4 of the patients had a PSA decrease over 50%. No PCa lesion was seen on MRI at 3-month follow-up visit. As for functional preservation, the post-MRgFUS IPSS declined compared with the baseline score, and the IPSS of last follow-up was 5(0-14). Of the 3 patients with intention to preserve the erectile function, the erectile function score of IIEF-15 were 12, 30 and 9 three months after the treatment, respectively. No incontinence occurred postoperatively.Conclusions:MRgFUS is a feasible and safe way for the treatment of low- to intermediate-risk localized PCa, with satisfactory performance on functional preservation and low incidence of complications. The oncological outcomes still need to be establised with longer follow-up time and larger sample studies.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1343-1347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular genetic mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation.Methods:A case-control study was conducted to analyze statistical data from a previous epidemiological survey, which used a stratified, random cluster sampling method and covered towns and communities in eastern, southern and northern Xinjiang.A total of 8529 residents aged ≥60 years were investigated, of whom, 301 patients with a history of atrial fibrillation or a definitive diagnosis of atrial fibrillation by electrocardiogram during investigation were selected.The patients with atrial fibrillation were divided into a cognitive impairment group(55 cases)and a normal cognitive group(246 cases)according to the diagnostic criteria of cognitive dysfunction.Genotypes of a GWAS on the main atrial fibrillation-related genes were analyzed for genes associated with atrial fibrillation, aging and cognitive impairment.Results:Unconditional multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that mental work and non-solitary living were protective factors against cognitive impairment in the elderly with atrial fibrillation( OR=0.206, 95% CI: 0.048-0.873; OR=0.286, 95% CI: 0.089-0.922; all P<0.05). Klotho(rs571118)TT and the ApoE ε3/ε4 genotypes were independent risk factors for cognitive impairment in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation( OR=3.922, 95% CI: 1.326-11.595; OR=6.843, 95% CI: 1.263-37.078; all P< 0.05). The interaction between Klotho(rs571118)and ApoE ε3/ε4 was not associated with cognitive impairment in the elderly with atrial fibrillation( OR=1.552, 95% CI: 0.703-3.428; OR=1.897, 95% CI: 0.967-3.723; OR=0.496, 95% CI: 0.061-4.026; all P>0.05). Conclusions:Klotho(rs571118)TT and the ApoE ε3/ε4 genotypes may promote cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation.The results may serve as a basis for research on the mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910556

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Objective:To investigate the effect of circ-PRKDC on lung cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis and radiosensitivity and its molecular mechanism.Methods:Normal lung epithelial cells BEAS-2B and lung cancer cell lines NCI-H1299, NCI-H2170, NCI-H1975 were cultured. NCI-H1299 cells were divided into the si-NC, si-PRKDC, pcDNA-NC, pcDNA-PRKDC, miR-NC, miR-505-3p, anti-miR-NC, anti-miR-505-3p, si-PRKDC+ anti-miR-NC and si-PRKDC+ anti-miR-505-3p groups. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression levels of circ-PRKDC and miR-505-3p. Western blot was employed to measure the protein expression. MTT was used to detect cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was utilized to detect cell apoptosis. Plate clone formation assay was conducted to detect the cell radiosensitivity. Dual luciferase reporter assay was performed to analyze the targeting relationship between circ-PRKDC and miR-505-3p.Results:Compared with normal lung epithelial cells BEAS-2B, the expression levels of circ-PRKDC in the lung cancer cell lines NCI-H1299, NCI-H2170 and NCI-H1975 were significantly up-regulated (3.65, 3.10, 2.67 vs. 1.00, all P<0.05), whereas those of miR-505-3p were significantly down-regulated (0.42, 0.50, 0.54 vs. 1.02, all P<0.05). After low expression of circ-PRKDC, the expression level of CyclinD1 was significantly down-regulated (0.42 vs. 0.81, P<0.05), whereas those of Cleaved-caspase-3(0.71 vs. 0.33, P<0.05) and γ-H 2AX (0.89 vs. 0.46, P<0.05) were significantly up-regulated, the cell A value was significantly decreased (0.413 vs. 0.839, P<0.05), cell apoptosis rate was significantly increased (20.35 vs. 6.21, P<0.05), cell survival fraction was significantly decreased ( P<0.05), and β-catenin expression was significantly down-regulated (0.35 vs. 0.73, P<0.05). After high expression of miR-505-3p, the expression level of CyclinD1 was significantly down-regulated (0.34 vs. 0.83, P<0.05), those of Cleaved-caspase-3(0.65 vs. 0.32, P<0.05) and γ-H 2AX (0.96 vs. 0.45, P<0.05) were significantly up-regulated, the cell A value was significantly decreased (0.386 vs. 0.851, P<0.05), the apoptosis rate was significantly increased (16.38 vs. 6.20, P<0.05), and the cell survival fraction was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Compared with miR-NC, the luciferase activity of miR-505-3p group transfected with circ-PRKDC wild-type reporter plasmid was significantly decreased (0.44 vs. 1.00, P<0.05). Down-regulation of miR-505-3p could reverse the effect of low expression of circ-PRKDC on the proliferation, apoptosis, radiosensitivity and β-catenin expression of NCI-H1299 cells. Conclusion:Low expression of circ-PRKDC may inhibit lung cancer cell proliferation, promote cell apoptosis and enhance cell radiosensitivity by up-regulating miR-505-3p, which is probably associated with the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1205-1209, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909689

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Objective:To analyze the imaging characteristics of invasive fibromatosis from breast parenchyma, and to explore the clinical value of multimodal ultrasound.Methods:The two-dimensional, color Doppler and elastic imaging sonographic manifestations and pathological features of 12 cases of breast invasive fibromatosis included in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from October 2015 to October 2020 were studied retrospectively.Results:Two dimensional ultrasound showed that 12 cases of breast invasive fibromatosis grew in parallel, with different sizes, unclear boundary and no complete capsule. The edge morphology of 7 cases (7/12) showed crab foot like changes; The tumor showed solid heterogeneous hypoechoic, punctate hyperechoic in 3 cases (3/12), and echo attenuation behind the tumor in 3 cases (3/12); The blood flow in the tumor was mainly grade 1-2 (9/12). Twelve tumors were examined quantitatively by virtual touch tissue quantifification. The shear wave velocity was (3.08±0.75)m/s. The diagnostic accuracy of multimodal ultrasound in invasive fibromatosis of breast (10/12) was significantly higher than that of conventional ultrasound (3/12, χ 2=8.224, P=0.004). The gross manifestation of the tumor: the section was gray or gray yellow, with unclear boundary and no capsule; Microscopic findings: fascicular fibroblasts and myofibroblasts proliferated, accompanied by varying degrees of glassy degeneration, acellular atypia, nuclear division and necrosis. Conclusions:Conventional ultrasound is difficult to distinguish invasive fibromatosis and malignant tumor of breast, and its ultrasonic manifestations are closely related to pathological features. The combined application of multimodal ultrasound can significantly improve the diagnostic coincidence rate of the disease and has high clinical application value.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 893-897, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909120

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Objective:To investigate the relationship between osteoarthritis and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)/depression among rural middle-aged and elderly people in Bayannur, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.Methods:From 2016 to 2018, a one-to-one interview questionnaire survey was conducted among 832 rural middle-aged and elderly people aged 45 or above in Bayannur. Logistic regression model was used to explore the relationship between osteoarthritis and GAD/depression.Results:Of 832 rural middle-aged and elderly participants, 28.73% (239/832) were diagnosed with osteoarthritis. The risk of GAD and depression increased by 71% [adjusted odds ratio ( AOR): 1.71, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.12 - 2.60] and 68% ( AOR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.10 - 2.58), respectively, in patients with osteoarthritis compared with those without osteoarthritis. Conclusions:The prevalence of osteoarthritis is high among the middle-aged and elderly people in Bayannur, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Osteoarthritis may increase the risk of GAD/depression. It is necessary to take corresponding intervention measures to prevent the occurrence of osteoarthritis to reduce GAD/depression.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term outcome of Heidelberg triangle dissection in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) for pancreatic cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 84 patients with pancreatic head cancer who underwent LPD from July 2015 to September 2020 in the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery of the Cangzhou Central Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the scope of surgical dissection, the patients were divided into the control group ( n=45) and the Heidelberg group ( n=39). In the control group, routine lymph node dissection was performed, and in the Heidelberg group, all blood vessels, lymphatic tissue and nerve tissue in the Heidelberg triangle area were dissected on the basis of routine lymph node dissection. Operation-related indicators (operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, cases of patients with intraoperative blood transfusion, fasting time and hospitalization duration after operation), postoperative complications (pancreatic fistula, biliary fistula, lymphatic fistula, bleeding and delayed gastric emptying) and postoperative pathological parameters (surgical margin, degree of differentiation, tumor size, cases of nerve invasion, number of dissected lymph nodes, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage) were compared between the two groups. Results:Compared with the control group, the operation time of the Heidelberg group was longer [ (334.85±24.95)min vs (305.09±24.54)min], theincidence of lymphatic fistula was higher (15.4% vs 2.2%), the rate of >1 mm at surgical margin was higher (76.9% vs 53.3%), and the total number of lymph nodes dissection was more [ (11.31±2.46) vs (9.49±2.28)]. All the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences on the intraoperative blood loss, cases of patients with intraoperative blood transfusion, postoperative hospital stay and fasting time, incidence of pancreatic fistula and biliary fistula, bleeding, delayed gastric emptying, degree of differentiation, tumor size, cases of nerve invasion, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage between the two groups. Conclusions:LPD combined with Heidelberg triangle dissection for pancreatic cancer was feasible and safe, which can increase the R 0 resection rate, remove more lymph nodes, reduce the local recurrence of pancreatic cancer and improve the prognosis of patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the predictive value of hour-specific total serum bilirubin(TSB) nomogram combined with clinical risk factors in the risk of hyperbilirubinemia.Method:Perinatal clinical data of newborns born in Shanghai Pudong New Area Health Care Hospital for Women and Children, Shanghai Pudong New Area People's Hospital and Shanghai Pudong Hospital from August 2017 to July 2018 were collected in this prospective study. Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) was monitored before discharge from hospital. Enrolled neonates were followed up for 28 days. The patients were assigned to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia group (NHB) and non-hyperbilirubinemia group (Non-HB) according to the occurrence of hyperbilirubinemia. The predictive value of models for the risk of hyperbilirubinemia was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and Logistic regression analysis.Result:A total of 8 664 newborns were included in this study, with 1 196 cases of hyperbilirubinemia, with an incidence of 13.8%. Logistic regression analysis showed that maternal blood type O, premature rupture of membranes, male gender, gestational age 35~37 weeks, subcutaneous ecchymosis/cranial edema, and breastfeeding were independent risk factors for NHB ( P<0.05). The area under receiver operative characteristic curve (ROC) of predischarge bilirubin risk zone only was 0.874(95% CI 0.861~0.885, P<0.05)and for all independent risk factors was 0.664 (95% CI 0.647~0.680, P<0.05). The area under ROC curve was 0.891 (95% CI 0.880~0.902, P<0.05) by combining predischarge bilirubin risk zone with clinical risk factors. Conclusion:Predischarge bilirubin risk zone combined with clinical risk factors can reasonably predict neonatal hyperbilirubinemia well.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment model of childhood bronchial asthma in Shanghai Pudong New Area.Methods:According to the principle of proximity, children aged 6 months-17 years who were diagnosed with bronchial asthma at Shanghai Children′s Medical Center from July 2016 to May 2017 were divided into two cohorts: the specialized hospital group and the community hospital group.Twelve months of treatment and follow-up were conducted.The asthma control level, Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) score, medication adherence and health economic indicators were collected.Results:A total of 524 children were included for data analysis and divided into the specialized hospital group (300 cases) and the community hospital group (224 cases). According to the Global Initiative for Asthma(GINA) criteria, there was no statistical difference in monthly asthma control level between the two groups (all P>0.05). In the 12 th month, the well-controlled rate of the specialized hospital group increased by 12.4% ( P<0.01), and that of the community hospital group increased by 22.9% ( P= 0.015). According to the C-ACT criteria, there was no statistical difference in the monthly well-controlled rate between the two groups (all P>0.05), and the rate maintained an upward trend.The rates of patients with good compliance in the specialized hospital group and the community hospital group at the 12 th month of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment were 78.3%(235/300 cases) and 75.0%(168/224 cases), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.370). After 12 months of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, the number of asthma attacks were 1.0 and 2.0 ( P=0.269), and the hospitalization rates for asthma were 3.0%(9/300 cases) and 4.9%(11/224 cases), respectively in the specialized hospital group and the community hospital group, and the diffe-rence was not statistically significant ( P=0.259); the number of respiratory infections in the specialized hospital group (2.0 times) was lower than that in the community hospital group (3.0 times), and the total cost of treatment in the community hospital group (2 471.5 Yuan) was lower than that in the specialized hospital group (3 445.5 Yuan), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-3.308, -3.336, all P<0.01). Twelve months after hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, the number of asthma attacks, the number of respiratory infections and the hospitalization rate for asthma in the two groups were all lower than those in the first 12 months of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.01). Conclusions:Hierarchical diagnosis and treatment model of childhood asthma in Shanghai Pudong New Area can improve asthma control level, C-ACT score and asthma medication adherence, and enhance health economic benefits, thus it′s an effective way to manage childhood asthma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907883

ABSTRACT

Although the conventional treatment of heart failure is based on pharmacotherapy, for some children, non-pharmacological treatment can further improve heart function, reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events, improve the quality of life and reduce mortality.Cardiac resynchronization therapy, implantable cardioverter defibrillator, mechanical circulatory support, and heart transplantation expand the thinking and strategies for the treatment of heart failure in children.

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