Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 220
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 53-60, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999160

ABSTRACT

Danggui Sinitang is first recorded in the Treatise on Cold Damage written by ZHANG Zhongjing in the Han dynasty. It is composed of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Tetrapanacis Medulla, and Jujubae Fructus and serves as a classic formula for treating the syndrome of blood deficiency and cold reversal. This study systematically reviews the records of Danggui Sinitang in ancient Chinese medicine books of various dynasties and the modern clinical applications to probe into the composition, plant species, processing, dosage, decocting method, and indications of Danggui Sinitang, aiming to provide a reference for the development and clinical application of this classic formula. The review of the records showed that there were a variety of records of Danggui Sinitang with different composition, and the composition of this formula listed in the Treatise on Cold Damage has a significant impact on later generations and has been used by medical practitioners throughout history. Although the dosage of some drugs decreased during the Ming and Qing dynasties, the medical practitioners continued to use the original formula. In terms of processing, although there were slight changes in the processing of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Tetrapanacis Medulla, the original processing method was inherited. In terms of indications, Danggui Sinitang was designed to treat cold reversal due to blood deficiency and dysentery. Furthermore, it was used to treat headache, convulsive disease, infantile convulsion, and private part adduction in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Nowadays, this formula is mostly used to treat diabetes peripheral neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, dysmenorrhea, Raynaud's disease and other diseases. In terms of precautions, ancient physicians believed that Danggui Sinitang should not be taken by pregnant women and should only be used for limb chills caused by blood deficiency and cold coagulation. For limb chills caused by other reasons, this formula should not be used indiscriminately. Modern research has not reported any serious adverse reactions related to this formula. Danggui Sinitang has a definite therapeutic effect. In subsequent research and development, quality control standards of Danggui Sinitang should be established while its safety is ensured, and the related preparations should be developed and applied.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 503-513, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991161

ABSTRACT

Proteomic characterization of plasma is critical for the development of novel pharmacodynamic bio-markers.However,the vast dynamic range renders the profiling of proteomes extremely challenging.Here,we synthesized zeolite NaY and developed a simple and rapid method to achieve comprehensive and deep profiling of the plasma proteome using the plasma protein corona formed on zeolite NaY.Specifically,zeolite NaY and plasma were co-incubated to form plasma protein corona on zeolite NaY(NaY-PPC),followed by conventional protein identification using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.NaY was able to significantly enhance the detection of low-abundance plasma proteins,minimizing the"masking"effect caused by high-abundance proteins.The relative abundance of middle-and low-abundance proteins increased substantially from 2.54%to 54.41%,and the top 20 high-abundance proteins decreased from 83.63%to 25.77%.Notably,our method can quantify approxi-mately 4000 plasma proteins with sensitivity up to pg/mL,compared to only about 600 proteins iden-tified from untreated plasma samples.A pilot study based on plasma samples from 30 lung adenocarcinoma patients and 15 healthy subjects demonstrated that our method could successfully distinguish between healthy and disease states.In summary,this work provides an advantageous tool for the exploration of plasma proteomics and its translational applications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 104-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965537

ABSTRACT

Alveolar echinococcosis, caused by Echinococcus multilocularis infection, is a highly deadly zoonotic parasitic disease. As a benzimidazole compound, albendazole has a strong and broad-spectrum anti-parasitic action. For alveolar echinococcosis patients that are unwilling to receive surgical treatment, lose the timing for surgery, or are intolerant to surgery due to poor physical status, administration of albendazole may delay disease progression. Recently, a large number of advances have been achieved in experimental studies on alveolar echinococcosis. In order to increase the understanding of the therapeutic efficacy of albendazole for alveolar echinococcosis, this review summarizes the advances in albendazole treatment for alveolar echinococcosis, so as to provide insights into the clinical treatment of alveolar echinococcosis with albendazole.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971343

ABSTRACT

Diosgenin, a steroidal sapogenin, obtained from Trigonella foenum-graecum, Dioscorea, and Rhizoma polgonati, has shown high potential and interest in the treatment of various cancers such as oral squamous cell carcinoma, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, glioma, and leukemia. This article aims to provide an overview of the in vivo, in vitro, and clinical studies reporting the diosgenin's anticancer effects. Preclinical studies have shown promising effects of diosgenin on inhibiting tumor cell proliferation and growth, promoting apoptosis, inducing differentiation and autophagy, inhibiting tumor cell metastasis and invasion, blocking cell cycle, regulating immunity and improving gut microbiome. Clinical investigations have revealed clinical dosage and safety property of diosgenin. Furthermore, in order to improve the biological activity and bioavailability of diosgenin, this review focuses on the development of diosgenin nano drug carriers, combined drugs and the diosgenin derivatives. However, further designed trials are needed to unravel the diosgenin's deficiencies in clinical application.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 876-884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971844

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of exosomes derived from Echinococcus multilocularis on macrophage polarization after treatment for different durations and concentrations. Methods A total of 60 BALB/c mice were used for modeling, among which 4 mice were selected to observe the growth of abdominal lesions on 7.0T MRI. The mice for modeling were dissected, and the protoscoleces was taken from the abdominal lesion and cultured in vitro ; ultracentrifugation was used to extract the exosomes from the supernatant, and transmission electron microscopy and Western blotting were used for the characterization of exosomes. The macrophages without exosome treatment were established as control group, and the macrophages co-cultured with different concentrations of exosomes derived from Echinococcus multilocularis were established as experimental group (10 μg/mL group and 50 μg/mL group) and were cultured for 48 and 72 hours. The morphological changes of macrophages were observed under a microscope, and flow cytometry and ELISA were used to observe polarization state. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results The results of 7.0T MRI showed the formation of diffuse lesions with different sizes in the abdominal cavity of mice, and the exosomes derived from Echinococcus multilocularis were approximately 100 nm in diameter and were cup-shaped or saucer-shaped, with the positive expression of the surface markers CD9, TSG101, and CD63. After co-culture, most of the cells in the experimental group were elongated with an irregular and polygonal shape. Flow cytometry showed that after 48 hours of co-culture, the positive rates of CD16/32, CD206, and CD369 in the control group were 99.53%±0.06%, 90.27%±0.21%, and 2.40%±0.20%, respectively; compared with the control group, except that the 10 μg/mL exosome group had a significant reduction in the positive rate of CD369 (0.80%±0.00%) ( P < 0.05), all the other groups had a significant increase in the positive rates of CD16/32, CD206, and CD369 (all P < 0.000 1); after 72 hours of co-culture, the positive rates of CD16/32, CD206, and CD369 in the control group were 99.67%±0.06%, 85.47%±0.55%, and 6.60%±0.20%, respectively, and compared with the control group, the experimental group had significant increases in the positive rates of CD16/32, CD206, and CD369 (all P < 0.05). ELISA showed that after 48 hours of co-culture, the levels of IL-6 and TNFα in the control group were 58.53±15.52 pg/mL and 320.70±5.30 pg/mL, respectively, and when the exosome concentration was 50 μg/mL, the level of IL-6 in the experimental group was 98.81±15.55 pg/mL, which was higher than that in the control group ( P < 0.05); after 72 hours of co-culture, the levels of IL-6 and TNFα in the control group were 76.22±9.68 pg/mL and 323.90±87.37 pg/mL, respectively, and when the exosome concentration was 10 μg/mL, the level of TNFα was 164.20±14.17 pg/mL, which was significantly lower than that in the control group ( P < 0.05); when the exosome concentration was 50 μg/mL, the level of IL-6 was 99.52±8.35 pg/mL, which was significantly higher than that in the control group ( P < 0.05). Conclusion Exosomes derived from Echinococcus multilocularis can regulate macrophage polarization and induce M2-like polarization of macrophages after co-culture at a concentration of 10 μg /mL for 72 hours, and further studies are needed to clarify the specific method.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 33-40, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of various types of infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN) and the prognosis of different treatment methods in the imaging classification of IPN proposed. Methods: The clinical data of 126 patients with IPN admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from December 2018 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 70 males(55.6%) and 56 females(44.4%), with age(M(IQR)) of 44(17)years (range: 12 to 87 years). There were 67 cases(53.2%) of severe acute pancreatitis and 59 cases (46.8%) of moderately severe acute pancreatitis. All cases were based on the diagnostic criteria of IPN. All cases were divided into Type Ⅰ(central IPN)(n=21), Type Ⅱ(peripheral IPN)(n=23), Type Ⅲ(mixed IPN)(n=74) and Type Ⅳ(isolated IPN)(n=8) according to the different sites of infection and necrosis on CT.According to different treatment strategies,they were divided into Step-up group(n=109) and Step-jump group(n=17). The clinical indicators and prognosis of each group were observed and analyzed by ANOVA,t-test,χ2 test or Fisher exact test,respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in mortality, complication rate and complication grade in each type of IPN(all P>0.05). Compared with other types of patients, the length of stay (69(40)days vs. 19(19)days) and hospitalization expenses(323 000(419 000)yuan vs. 60 000(78 000)yuan) were significantly increased in Type Ⅳ IPN(Z=-4.041, -3.972; both P<0.01). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Type Ⅳ IPN was significantly higher than that of other types (χ2=16.350,P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the mortality of patients with different types of IPN between different treatment groups. The length of stay and hospitalization expenses of patients in the Step-up group were significantly less than those in the Step-jump group(19(20)days vs. 33(35)days, Z=-2.052, P=0.040;59 000(80 000)yuan vs. 122 000(109 000)yuan,Z=-2.317,P=0.020). Among the patients in Type Ⅳ IPN, the hospitalization expenses of Step-up group was significantly higher than that of Step-jump group(330 000(578 000)yuan vs. 141 000 yuan,Z=-2.000,P=0.046). The incidence of postoperative residual infection of Step-up group(17.4%(19/109)) was significantly lower than that of Step-jump group(10/17)(χ2=11.980, P=0.001). Conclusions: Type Ⅳ IPN is more serious than the other three types. It causes longer length of stay and more hospitalization expenses. The step-up approach is safe and effective in the treatment of IPN. However, for infected lesions which are deep in place,difficult to reach by conventional drainage methods, or mainly exhibit "dry necrosis", choosing the step-jump approach is a more positive choice.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Disease , Intraabdominal Infections/complications , Necrosis/complications , Treatment Outcome
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 178-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981250

ABSTRACT

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has become one of the major challenges in the global tuberculosis (TB) control.Despite years of efforts on MDR-TB control,the treatment success rates in China have increased slowly,which indicates possible deficiencies in the management of prevention and control work.Therefore,it is necessary to analyze the current status of MDR-TB prevention and treatment based on the patient pathway.This review summarizes the current drop-out situation of MDR-TB patients in the diagnosis and treatment pathway and the factors affecting patients' outcomes in the whole pathway,so as to provide a scientific reference for the prevention and control of MDR-TB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/prevention & control , Treatment Outcome , China
8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 448-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005854

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the clinical value of capsule endoscope in the diagnosis of unexplained abdominal pain. 【Methods】 We made a retrospective analysis of 191 patients with unexplained abdominal pain who sought medical help in our hospital and 25 normal controls. Capsule endoscopy was performed in both groups, small bowel lesions were detected, and clinical data were collected for further analysis. 【Results】 The total small bowel lesion detection rate was 52.87% (101/191) in abdominal pain (AP) patients and 20% (5/25) in the control group, respectively. The detection rate of significant findings (ulcers, erosions, polyps, diverticula, parasites, and neoplastic organisms) was only 16.23% (31/191) in AP patients. In the non-significant findings, no statistical difference in the detection rates for vascular malformation, capillary dilation, and lymphoid follicular hyperplasia were found between the two groups, while the detection rate of intestinal lymphangiectasia was significantly higher in the AP patients (23.56% vs. 4%, P<0.05, OR=7.089). 【Conclusion】 Capsule endoscopy can be an optional choice for diagnosis of unexplained abdominal pain, while the relationship between positive findings and abdominal pain should be further investigated.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 305-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993326

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common malignant disease in clinical practice, and portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) is one of the important factors affecting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. PVTT has strong oncologic characteristics and is highly susceptible to extrahepatic metastasis, complicating portal hypertension, leading to gastrointestinal bleeding or liver failure and causing death. In this paper, we review the formation mechanism of hepatocellular carcinoma combined with PVTT in terms of local anatomy, hemodynamics, molecular biology and tumor microenvironment to provide effective reference for clinical treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 547-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of ex vivo liver resection and autotransplantation (ELRA) by using a Bayesian single-arm Meta-analysis.Methods:Databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wanfang were searched from January 1, 1990 to December 30, 2021 on ELRA studies. The Bayesian one-arm Meta-analysis was performed by using the statistical software of R (V4.1.2) and the Markov chain-Monte Carlo method was used to simulate the posterior distribution. The mortality rate within 30 days after operation, 1-year survival rate, major postoperative complications, R 0 resection rate and other related indexes were analyzed. Results:A total of 20 studies with 436 patients were included. Bayesian single-arm Meta-analysis showed that the 1-year survival rate after ELRA was 83.24% [95% highest posterior density ( HPD): 72.40%-92.05%]. The 1-year survival rates after surgery were 88.66% (95% HPD: 81.52%-94.50%) for patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and 61.29% (95% HPD: 38.53%-93.68%) for patients with hepatic malignancies, respectively. The mortality rate within 30 d after surgery, the incidence of significant postoperative complications, and the R 0 resection rate were 6.96% (95% HPD: 4.47%-10.15%), 27.91% (95% HPD: 19.00%-38.30%), and 99.84% (95% HPD: 37.61%-100.00%), respectively. Renal failure was the most frequent cause of death after ELRA. Conclusion:ELRA is indicated for hepatic malignancies and hepatic alveolar echinococcosis when intrahepatic resection cannot be accomplished in vivo. The greatest benefit is observed in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, while only some patients with hepatic malignancies can benefit. The indications for ELRA for hepatic malignancies need to be further studied to define the subgroup of patients who can benefit from this operation.

11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 312-318, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928948

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Shenmai Injection (SMI) on the long-term prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).@*METHODS@#The Hospital Information System was used to extract data of CHF patients, and the retrospective cohort study was conducted for analysis. In non-exposed group, standardized Western medicine treatment and Chinese patent medicine or decoction were applied without combination of SMI while in the exposed group, SMI were applied for more than 7 days. Evaluation indicators are followed with New York Heart Association functional classification (NYHA classification), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-ProBNP), cardiogenic death and heart failure (HF) readmission. Statistical analysis includes Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression which are used to explore the relationship between SMI and outcome events.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,211 eligible CHF patients were involved and finally 1,047 patients were followed up successfully. After treatment, the cases of NYHA classification decline in the exposed and non-exposed groups accounted for 64.30% and 43.45%, respectively; the improvement values of LVEF were 8.89% and 7.91%, respectively; the improvement values of NT-ProBNP were 909 pg/mL and 735 pg/mL, respectively. After exposure on SMI, the rates of cardiogenic death and HF readmission reduced from 15.43% to 10.18% and 38.93% to 32.37%. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, the log-rank P value of SMI and cardiogenic death was 0.014, while the counterpart of SMI and HF readmission was 0.025. Cox regression analysis indicated that for cardiogenic death, age, cardiomyopathy, diabetes, and NYHA classification were risk factors while β-blockers, aldosterone receptor antagonists, Chinese patent medicine/decoction and SMI were protective factors. Likewise, for HF readmission, age, cardiomyopathy, and NYHA classification were risk factors while SMI was a protective factor.@*CONCLUSION@#Combination with SMI on the standardized Western medicine treatment can effectively reduce cardiogenic mortality and readmission rate in CHF patients, and thereby improve the long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1245-1254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958651

ABSTRACT

Objective:According to the characteristics and common problems of hematology analysis in cancer patients, an autoverification scheme for cancer patients was formed, and the effectiveness and efficiency of the autoverification scheme were verified.Methods:The hematology review of international consensus and ourselves were respectively combined with Chinese multicenter autoverification rules to form two autoverification schemes. 10 063 blood samples (460 cases reviewed by microscope) were selected as the establishment group. Retrospective judgment was made in the instrument middleware, and various indexes such as autoverification pass rate and missed detection rate of different schemes were compared. By analyzing the data of missed cases one by one, the autoverification rules are adjusted according to the characteristics of diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients. By analyzing the platelet count variation range within 7 days in 19 300 cases, the Delta rules of platelet count were established. The platelet count Delta rules and the adjusted autoverification rules were combined to form the autoverification rules of our hospital and then combined with our hematology review rules to form the autoverification scheme of our hospital. The establishment group and verification group (10 876 cases, including 1 740 cases of microscopic examination) of the autoverification schemes were judged. The recognition function of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid-dependent pseudo thrombocytopenia (EDTA-PTCP) and PLT Delta check were programmed in the laboratory information system (LIS), and other rule judgment functions are performed in middleware. After four months of clinical trial application of 61 602 specimens, the effectiveness of our autoverification scheme was comprehensively evaluated.Results:The autoverification pass rates of international hematology review rules, our review rules, and Chinese multicenter autoverification rules are 46.36%, 52.26%, and the missed detection rates are 2.02%, 1.06%, respectively. The autoverification pass rates of our hospital autoverification scheme in the establishment group and the verification group are 51.19% and 52.78%, the missed detection rates are 0% and 0.03%, and the true positive rate are 100% and 99.95%, respectively. 56.06% of cases were passed automatically during the clinical trial application, and there were no missing cases, the true positive rate is 100%. The performance of our autoverification scheme is superior to the current autoverification schemes combined with mainstream hematology review rules and autoverification rules. The median time of TAT by autoverification was shortened by 15 minutes, and the 90th percentile time was shortened by 58 minutes, which was significantly lower than that of the same period last year. The marker function of "EDTA-PTCP" identified 31 special patients and 68 samples had been analyzed in total. After correction, the median increase of PLT was 76.5×10 9/L ( Z=-7.17, P<0.001). Conclusions:This study has established an autoverification scheme that combined by rules of hematology review and autoverification rules. It is suitable for cancer patients with high pass rate and very low rate of missed detection. This autoverification scheme can ensure the accuracy of the hematology analysis of cancer patients in our hospital and improve work efficiency.

13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 86-91, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a diatom database by analyzing the quatity, species distribution and differences of diatom in water samples of the whole navigable sections of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, to provide a reference for the inference of the drowning site.@*METHODS@#Water samples were collected at 22 sites in the navigable sections of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jining section to Yangzhou Section), and the diatoms at each site were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by using graphite digestion-scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#Sampling site T (Laohuaijiang River Line, Gaoyou City, Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province) had the highest number of diatoms, while sampling site O (Siyang County, Suqian City, Jiangsu Province) had the lowest number of diatoms, with a large gap of 68 times. At sampling site Q (Jiangpu District, Huaian city, Jiangsu Province), there were 19 species of diatoms. The sampling site O had the least diatoms, with 7 species. There were no significant differences in species evenness and species diversity at each sampling site (P>0.05). Some sampling sites have characterized diatoms, such as Caloneis at station A (Taibai Lake, Weishan County, Shandong Province), Rhoicosphenia at station B (Nanyang Town, Weishan County, Shandong Province), Amphora at station I (Taierzhuang District, Zaozhuang City, Shandong Province) and Epithemia at station J (Pizhou 310 national highway, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The species richness of diatoms gradually increased from north to south. Diatom species richness and species diversity might be higher in areas with complex environments and large population flow. Climate type has a certain influence on the distribution of diatoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beijing , Diatoms , Drowning , Rivers , Water
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 767-773, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927549

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection causes the most severe form of viral hepatitis with rapid progression to cirrhosis, hepatic decompensation, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although discovered > 40 years ago, little attention has been paid to this pathogen from both scientific and public communities. However, effectively combating hepatitis D requires advanced scientific knowledge and joint efforts from multi-stakeholders. In this review, we emphasized the recent advances in HDV virology, epidemiology, clinical feature, treatment, and prevention. We not only highlighted the remaining challenges but also the opportunities that can move the field forward.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/complications , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis D/epidemiology , Hepatitis Delta Virus/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Liver Neoplasms/complications
15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2737-2741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905033

ABSTRACT

Benign biliary stricture (BBS) refers to complete or incomplete stricture of the biliary tract caused by a series of non-malignant diseases. BBS often has complex and diverse etiologies, and severe complications may occur if it is not adequately treated. Diagnostic methods currently used in clinical practice include imaging, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic ultrasonography, and choledochoscopy, and treatment methods include balloon dilatation, stent implantation, percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, and surgical treatment. At present, endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of BBS has become the preferred method. However, there is still no clear classification of BBS, which needs further investigation. By consulting related literature in China and globally, this article summarizes the issues associated with the endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of BBS.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 135-141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862558

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate new biomarkers for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis by screening out differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in the tissues and plasma of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, since hepatic alveolar echinococcosis is caused by the infection of multilocular hydatid cyst. MethodsPatients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis diagnosed in Qinghai University Affilrated Hospital from June 2016 to May 2018 were in cluded. Two marginal tissue samples and three adjacent normal tissue samples were collected from patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and plasma samples were collected from three patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and three healthy controls. Agilent Human miRNA microarray was used to obtain the miRNA expression profile in tissue and plasma, and differentially expressed miRNAs were screened out based on fold change (FC>1.2) and P value (P<0.05). Plasma miRNAs and tissue miRNAs associated with liver diseases were selected based on target gene prediction of differentially expressed miRNAs and literature reports, and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used for validation. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. A spearman analysis was used to investigate correlcction. ResultsThere was a significant difference in microRNA expression profile between the patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and the health individuals, and qRT-PCR found that three miRNAs (hsa-miR-4644, hsa-miR-136-5p, hsa-miR-483-3p) were significantly differentially expressed in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (P<0.05), among which hsa-miR-4644 and hsa-miR-483-3p were significantly upregulated (P<0.05) and hsa-miR-136-5p was significantly downregulated (P<0.05) in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Target gene prediction was performed for miRNAs based on TargetScan, PITA, and microRNAorg databases, and the intersection of the target genes predicted by these three databases showed that 137 genes were targeted with miRNAs. The differentially expressed miRNA hsa-miR-483-3p was involved in the target regulation of the genes (IL17A, IL5, CD40LG, TAP2, and TNF) associated with immune response and liver diseases. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome analyses showed that the target genes of hsa-miR-483-3p played an important role in the primary immunodeficiency signaling pathway, the IL-17 signaling pathway, and the TNF signaling pathway. ConclusionHepatic alveolar echinococcosis has a unique microRNA expression profile, among which hsa-miR-483-3p can be used as a new biomarker for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and the target genes regulated by this miRNA are mainly involved in the primary immunodeficiency signaling pathway, the IL-17 signaling pathway, and the TNF signaling pathway. However, further studies are needed to verify the regulatory relationship between these miRNAs and hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 692-697, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular mechanism of VRC01 resistance in HIV-1 subtype B′ strains isolated from a patient (DRVI01) with broadly neutralizing antibody (bNAb).Methods:Sequences of the HIV-1 subtype B′ strains isolated from patient DRVI01 were compared with those of HIV-1 subtype B′ strains that were isolated at the same time but sensitive to VRC01 antibody. Key amino acids that might affect the neutralization of VRC01 were selected according to literature reports. Effects of the selected amino acids on VRC01 neutralization were verified by site-directed mutation and sequence exchange of membrane proteins from different patients.Results:Single-point mutations of E279D and R282K in LoopD region and N460A and N463Q in V5 region reversed the viral sensitivity to VRC01 neutralization. Combined mutations in two or three above-mentioned sites significantly increased the viral sensitivity to VRC01 antibody compared with single-point mutations. Contrary to literature reports, the glycosylation site mutation of N276 had no influence on the viral sensitivity to VRC01.Conclusions:HIV-1 subtype B′ strains isolated from patient DRV01 with bNAb carried the mutations of D279 and K282 in LoopD region and N460 and N463 in V5 region, resulting in resistance to VRC01 antibody.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 363-367, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910322

ABSTRACT

Objective:The Chinese pediatric mesh-type reference phantoms were developed and applied in the dose assessment of X-ray radiography.Methods:The 5- and 10-year-old Chinese pediatric mesh-type reference phantoms were developed based on the CT data. Based on the phantoms, the Monte Carlo method was applied to simulate the X-ray radiography to calculate the organ dose conversion coefficient and the effective dose conversion coefficient in different radiography conditions.Results:The 5- and 10-year-old Chinese pediatric mesh-type reference phantoms were developed, and the physical parameters were consistent with the national standard. The differences of the organ mass between the established phantoms and reference data were within 2%. The database of the pediatric chest posteroanterior projection and abdominal anteroposterior projection, tube voltage 60-90 kVp, total filtration 2.5~4 mmAl were simulated, and the difference between the effective dose conversion factor and the literature result was within 3%.Conclusions:The established Chinese pediatric mesh-type reference phantoms can be applied in the studies of radiation protection and clinical medicine and their result can provide an important reference for the dose assessment of the pediatric X-ray radiography.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3900-3906, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888115

ABSTRACT

As a common disease worldwide, alcoholic liver injury is caused by long-term or excessive intake of alcohol and triggers cell death due to alcohol metabolism and reactive oxygen species(ROS)-mediated cytotoxicity. Wangshi Baochi(WSBC) Pills have been widely adopted in clinical practice for evacuating stasis, resolving turbidity, clearing heat, tranquilizing mind, invigorating sto-mach, promoting digestion, purging fire and removing toxin. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of WSBC Pills in dispelling the effect of alcohol and protecting against acute alcoholic liver/stomach injury in mice, and preliminarily investigate its possible mole-cular mechanism. The results found that the preventive treatment with WSBC Pills contributed to elevating the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) and its expression in liver and shortening the time required for sobering up of mice with acute alcoholic liver injury. The staining of liver pathological sections as well as the detection of serum aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and liver ROS levels revealed that WSBC Pills protected the liver by reducing serum AST and ALT. It suppressed oxidative stress-induced liver injury by lowering liver ROS and elevating superoxide dismutase(SOD), and the liver-protecting effect was superior to that of silibinin. Western blot assay confirmed that WSBC Pills inhibited the oxidative stress by up-regulating SOD1 and NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1(NQO-1). In addition, WSBC Pills lowered the ROS level to protect against the acute alcoholic stomach injury in mice. The findings have suggested that WSBC Pills alleviated the acute alcoholic liver/stomach injury in mice by increasing ADH and resisting oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Ethanol , Liver/metabolism , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Oxidative Stress , Stomach
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 620-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887903

ABSTRACT

Multi-drug resistance(MDR)refers to the loss of sensitivity of tumor cells to traditional chemotherapeutics agents under the mediation of various mechanisms,resulting in the reduction of chemotherapy efficacy.Current studies suggest that a variety of factors,including cell membrane transporter-mediated efflux of anti-tumor drugs,special microenvironment in tumor tissue,DNA self-repair and anti-apoptotic process,and epithelial-mesenchymal cell transformation,may contribute to the formation of MDR.Cell membrane transporter-mediated drug efflux refers to an increase in the amount of anti-tumor drug pumped out of the cell through the up-regulation of the ATP-binding cassette transporter on tumor cell membrane,which reduces the concentration of the drug in the cell,thus forming MDR.An effective method to inhibit the efflux pump caused by overexpression of membrane transporters plays an important role in overcoming MDR.As a promising drug delivery system,multifunctional nanoparticles have demonstrated many advantages in antitumor therapy.Meanwhile,nanoparticles with tailored design are capable of overcoming MDR when combined with a variety of strategies.This paper described in detail the studies relevant to the use of multifunctional nano-sized drug delivery system combined with different strategies,such as co-delivery of agents,external responsiveness or target modification for intervention with efflux pump in order to reverse MDR.This paper provides reference for the development of nano-sized drug delivery system and the formulation of reversal strategy in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cell Membrane , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Membrane Transport Proteins/therapeutic use , Multifunctional Nanoparticles , Nanoparticles , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL