Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 259-264, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971018

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the value of transrectal shear-wave elastography (SWE) in combination with multivariable tools for predicting adverse pathological features before radical prostatectomy (RP). Preoperative clinicopathological variables, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) manifestations, and the maximum elastic value of the prostate (Emax) on SWE were retrospectively collected. The accuracy of SWE for predicting adverse pathological features was evaluated based on postoperative pathology, and parameters with statistical significance were selected. The diagnostic performance of various models, including preoperative clinicopathological variables (model 1), preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI (model 2), and preoperative clinicopathological variables + mp-MRI + SWE (model 3), was evaluated with area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) analysis. Emax was significantly higher in prostate cancer with extracapsular extension (ECE) or seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) with both P < 0.001. The optimal cutoff Emax values for ECE and SVI were 60.45 kPa and 81.55 kPa, respectively. Inclusion of mp-MRI and SWE improved discrimination by clinical models for ECE (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.031; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.002; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.018) and SVI (model 2 vs model 1, P = 0.147; model 3 vs model 1, P = 0.037; model 3 vs model 2, P = 0.134). SWE is valuable for identifying patients at high risk of adverse pathology.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Seminal Vesicles/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Retrospective Studies , Extranodal Extension/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 50-57, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971004

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of multiparametric ultrasound (mpUS; grayscale US, color Doppler US, strain elastography, and contrast-enhanced US) in the assessment of testicular lesions with negative tumoral markers. MpUS imaging data, patient age, serum tumor markers, scrotal pain, cryptorchidism, and related clinical information were retrospectively collected for patients who underwent mpUS examination between January 2013 and December 2019. Histologic results or follow-up examinations were used as the reference standard. In total, 83 lesions from 79 patients were included in the analysis. Fifty-six patients were finally diagnosed with benign tumors, and 23 patients were ultimately diagnosed with malignant tumors. Chi-square tests or Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the difference between the two groups. Stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lesion diameter (odds ratio [OR] = 1.072, P = 0.005), vascularization on color Doppler US (OR = 4.066, P = 0.001), and hyperenhancement during the early phase (OR = 6.465, P = 0.047) were significant independent risk factors for malignancy; however, when compared with neoplastic lesions, pain (OR = 0.136, P < 0.001), absence of vascularization on color Doppler US (OR = 1.680, P = 0.042), and nonenhancement during the late phase (OR = 3.461, P = 0.031) were strongly associated with nonneoplastic lesions. MpUS features are useful for differentiating testicular lesions with negative tumoral markers and improving the preoperative diagnosis, which may avoid inappropriate radical orchiectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Retrospective Studies , Contrast Media , Ultrasonography/methods
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 410-415, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981956

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) findings of prostate cancer (PCa) guided by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and to improve the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) system for avoiding unnecessary mpMRI-guided targeted biopsy (TB). From January 2018 to October 2019, fusion mpMRI and TRUS-guided biopsies were performed in 162 consecutive patients. The study included 188 suspicious lesions on mpMRI in 156 patients, all of whom underwent mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-guided TB and 12-core transperineal systematic biopsy (SB). Univariate analyses were performed to investigate the relationship between TRUS features and PCa. Then, logistic regression analysis with generalized estimating equations was performed to determine the independent predictors of PCa and obtain the fitted probability of PCa. The detection rates of PCa based on TB alone, SB alone, and combined SB and TB were 55.9% (105 of 188), 52.6% (82 of 156), and 62.8% (98 of 156), respectively. The significant predictors of PCa on TRUS were hypoechogenicity (odds ratio [OR]: 9.595, P = 0.002), taller-than-wide shape (OR: 3.539, P = 0.022), asymmetric vascular structures (OR: 3.728, P = 0.031), close proximity to capsule (OR: 3.473, P = 0.040), and irregular margins (OR: 3.843, P = 0.041). We propose subgrouping PI-RADS score 3 into categories 3a, 3b, 3c, and 3d based on different numbers of TRUS predictors, as the creation of PI-RADS 3a (no suspicious ultrasound features) could avoid 16.7% of mpMRI-guided TBs. Risk stratification of PCa with mpMRI-TRUS fusion imaging-directed ultrasound features could avoid unnecessary mpMRI-TBs.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Prostate/pathology , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 53-61, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873121

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the evolution of cardiac function and blood pressure in ovariectomized rats and the effect and mechanism of Erxiantang. Method::Healthy 10-week-old female SPF SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, estrogen group(estradiol valerate, 0.18 mg·kg-1) and Erxiantang group(7.5 g·kg-1). The rats were intragastrically administered 2 weeks after ovariectomy, once a day for 12 weeks.Sham operation groups and model groups were given equal volumes of purified water.At the 4th week, 8th week, and 12th week after administration, the cardiac function, blood pressure, and levels of estrogen (E2) in rat serum were measured by non-invasive ultrasound cardiogram (UCG), tail artery detection techniques and radioimmunoassay.The levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and angiotensin 2(Ang Ⅱ) in rat serum were detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The cardiac morphology and apoptosis were detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, electron microscopy and Terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL). Result::Compared with sham operation group, the ejection fraction (EF) decreased and the left ventricular end systolic volume (LVVols) increased in the model group at 4th week after administration(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cardiac function between the groups at 8th week.The left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVIDs), LVVols, left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVIDd), and left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVVold) were significantly increased in the model group at 12th week (P<0.01). At the 4th weeks, 8th week and 12th week, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the model group increased (P<0.05) and showed an increasing trend, and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) did not change significantly.At the 12th week, the levels of E2 in serum decreased (P<0.05), ET-1 and Ang Ⅱ increased of the model group (P<0.01). The cardiac myofibrils were irregular, some myofilament was broken, and mitochondrial palsy was disordered, broken or disappeared, and cardiac apoptosis increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, myocardial contraction and diastolic function were significantly improved in Erxian decoction group, and blood pressure was decreased.The levels of E2 in serum was increased (P<0.05). The levels of ET-1 was decreased (P<0.05), and AngⅡ in serum was significantly decreased (P<0.01). The mitochondrial morphological structure was improved and the cardiac apoptotic rate was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion::After the ovariectomy, the rats showed a series of pathological changes such as decreased heart function and increased blood pressure.Compared with the decrease of heart function, the changes of blood pressure appeared earlier.Erxiantang exerts its intervention on cardiac function and blood pressure in ovariectomized rats by regulating E2, blood active substances and cardiac apoptosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 59-67, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of myocardial microvessel density, microvascular endothelial cell morphology and hemorheology in ovariectomized rats and explore the interventional effects of Erxian decoction. Method:Thirty-two healthy 10 week-old female SPF SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, estrogen group (estradiol valerate, 0.18 mg·kg-1) and Erxian decoction group (9 g·kg-1). The rats were intragastrically administered 2 weeks after ovariectomy, once a day for 16 weeks. Sham operation groups and model groups were given equal volumes of purified water. After 16 weeks of administration, the cardiac function was measured by noninvasive ultrasound cardiogram (UCG), CD34 in the myocardial tissue was tested by immunofluorescence staining to measure the microvessel density, the morphological structure of microvessels of myocardial tissue were detected by transmission electron microscope, the levels of estrogen (E2) in rat plasma were detected by radioimmunoassay, the levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1), prostacyclin I2 (PGI2), thromboxane A2 (TXA2), endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) in rat plasma were detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA), four items of coagulation was detected by blood coagulation analyzer, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were detected by hemorheology. Result:Compared with sham operation group, the ejection fraction (EF) decreased (P<0.01), the left ventricular short axis shortening rate (FS) decreased (P<0.01), and the left ventricular end systolic volume (LVVols) increased (P<0.01), myocardial microvessel density significantly reduced (P<0.01), the endothelial cells were swollen and the cytoplasm was cavitation, E2 in rat plasma decreased (P<0.01), ET-1, VEGF, vWF increased (P<0.01), prostacyclin I2 /thromboxane A2 (PGI2/TXA2) decreased (P<0.01), plasma activated partial prothrombin time (APTT) decreased (P<0.01), fibrinogen (FIB) increased (P<0.01), whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, and cassone viscosity increased (P<0.01), whole blood high-cut, low-cut index, and red blood cell (RBC) aggregation index increased (P<0.05) in model group. Compared with model group, EF and FS increased (P<0.05), LVVols decreased (P<0.05), myocardial microvessel density significantly increased (P<0.01), the endothelial cell edema was improved, and transport vesicles were clearly visible, E2 in rat plasma increased (P<0.01), ET-1, VEGF, decreased (P<0.01), PGI2/TXA2 increased (P<0.01), APTT increased (P<0.01), whole blood viscosity, whole blood high shear relative index, RBC aggregation index decreased (P<0.05), Kasson viscosity and plasma viscosity decreased (P<0.01) in Erxian decoction group. Conclusion:Erxian decoction increases myocardial microvessel density, protects the structural integrity of microvascular endothelial cells, improves its endothelial secretion function and hemorheology in ovariectomized rats, and protects heart function.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2956-2959, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327860

ABSTRACT

This study is to evaluate the effects of Shenmai injection on the temporal alterations of action potential (AP), early afterdepolarization (EAD) and delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) in papillary muscles. The action potentials were recorded by a glass electrode. APD at 90% repolarization (APD9 ) was measured, and spontaneous EAD and DAD were observed. The results show APD90 was significantly prolonged in model group compared with sham-operated group, whereas it was remained unchanged in Shenmai injec- tion treatment group and amiodarone group. The spontaneous EADs and DADs were frequently visible in model group. In conclusion, EAD, DAD and trigger activities increase gradually during pathological progression of rat cardiac hypertrophy, and Shenmai injection could improve the action potential change in rat cardiac hypertrophy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Action Potentials , Blood Pressure , Cardiomegaly , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart Ventricles , Injections , Papillary Muscles , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 91-95, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231594

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clarify the protective roles of compatibility of geniposide and ginsenoside (Rg1) in regulating ischemia injured microglia homeostasis by comparing the difference in regulatory roles of geniposide, Rg1, or ginsenoside + Rg1 in balancing secretion of oxygen glucose deprivation induced microglia inflammatory cytokines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mimic ischemia injured microglia model was induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). Then geniposide, Rg1, or ginsenoside + Rg1 (Tongluo Jiunao Injection, TJI) was respectively added. The NO content was determined by Griess Reagent. The cyto activity was detected using cell count kit. Contents of TNF-alpha and TGF-beta and their expression levels were detected by ELISA and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Geniposide + Rg1 could significantly inhibit the release of NO, elevate the TGF-beta level, and decrease the content of TNF-alpha without influencing the cell survival. The two active ingredients played different therapeutic roles. The compatible use was obviously superior to use any one of the two active ingredients alone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Geniposide, Rg1, or Ginsenoside + Rg1 had regulating roles in balancing ischemia injured microglia homeostasis. Its mechanisms might be related to up-regulating the TGF-beta expression and down-regulating TNF-alpha expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hypoxia , Metabolism , Iridoids , Pharmacology , Microglia , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL