Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 35
Filter
1.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 121-128, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the cytotoxicity of four wild mushrooms involved in a case of Yunnan sudden unexplained death (YNSUD), to provide the experimental basis for prevention and treatment of YNSUD.@*METHODS@#Four kinds of wild mushrooms that were eaten by family members in this YNSUD incident were collected and identified by expert identification and gene sequencing. Raw extracts from four wild mushrooms were extracted by ultrasonic extraction to intervene HEK293 cells, and the mushrooms with obvious cytotoxicity were screened by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). The selected wild mushrooms were prepared into three kinds of extracts, which were raw, boiled, and boiled followed by enzymolysis. HEK293 cells were intervened with these three extracts at different concentrations. The cytotoxicity was detected by CCK-8 combined with lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) Assay Kit, and the morphological changes of HEK293 cells were observed under an inverted phase contrast microscope.@*RESULTS@#Species identification indicated that the four wild mushrooms were Butyriboletus roseoflavus, Boletus edulis, Russula virescens and Amanita manginiana. Cytotoxicity was found only in Amanita manginiana. The raw extracts showed cytotoxicity at the mass concentration of 0.1 mg/mL, while the boiled extracts and the boiled followed by enzymolysis extracts showed obvious cytotoxicity at the mass concentration of 0.4 mg/mL and 0.7 mg/mL, respectively. In addition to the obvious decrease in the number of HEK293 cells, the number of synapses increased and the refraction of HEK293 cells was poor after the intervention of Amanita manginiana extracts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The extracts of Amanita manginiana involved in this YNSUD case has obvious cytotoxicity, and some of its toxicity can be reduced by boiled and enzymolysis, but cannot be completely detoxicated. Therefore, the consumption of Amanita manginiana is potentially dangerous, and it may be one of the causes of the YNSUD.


Subject(s)
Humans , HEK293 Cells , Sincalide , China , Amanita , Death, Sudden
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 326-334, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971875

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effect of moderate intensity aerobic combined with low intensity resistance exercise on old patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension. MethodsFrom November, 2021 to May, 2022, 16 patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension in Wuhan Donghu Hospital were divided into control group (n = 8) and experimental group (n = 8). Based on the World Health Organization Family of International Classification (WHO-FICs), the exercise intervention program was constructed. The control group accepted routine treatment, and the experimental group accepted moderate intensity aerobic combined with low intensity resistance exercise in addition, for eight weeks. They were measured lung function and cardiac function with cardiopulmonary exercise test system, and assessed with Timed 'Up and Go' Test, 6-Minute Walk Distance, 2-Minute Step Test, 30-Second Sit to Stand Test and grip strength before and after intervention. ResultsThe vital capacity, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in the first second, forced expiratory volume in the one second as percentage of predicted volume, peak expiratory flow and maximal voluntary ventilation improved in the experimental after intervention (|t| > 2.391, P < 0.05), and the vital capacity, force vital capacity and maximal voluntary ventilation were more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.207, P < 0.05). Peak oxygen uptake, anaerobic subthreshold oxygen uptake, metabolic equivalents, oxygen pulse, maximum work load and exercise load time improved in the experimental group after intervention (|t| > 2.823, P < 0.05), and they all were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.295, P < 0.05). Systolic blood pressure improved in both the groups (|t| > 4.608, P < 0.01), and diastolic blood pressure improved in the experimental group (t = 5.964, P < 0.01); while systolic blood pressure was less in the experimental group than in the control group (t = -3.654, P < 0.01). The performances of Timed 'Up and Go' Test, 6-Minute Walk Distance, 2-Minute Step Test, 30-Second Sit to Stand Test and grip strength improved in the experimental group after intervention (|t| > 2.996, P < 0.05), and all the performances were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.220, P < 0.05). ConclusionThe moderate intensity aerobic combined with low resistance exercise developed based on WHO-FICs can improve the cardiac function, lung function, cardiac load and motor function of old patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1492-1502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953547

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To systematically evaluate the safety, efficacy, and economics of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) versus transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO). Methods     PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, VIP and WanFang Database were systematically  searched to collect relevant studies on comparing ICE and TEE-guided LAAO from inception to June 15th, 2022. Two reviewers independently screened the literatures, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias of the included studies. Meta-analyses were performed using RevMan 5.3 and R 4.0.3. Retrospective cohort studies were excluded for sensitivity analysis. Subgroup analyses were performed based on the types of occluder and ICE catheter. Results     A total of 14 studies with 6 599 patients were included. Meta-analyses showed no statistical differences in technical success rate, overall complications, device embolization, peri-device leakage, device-related thrombus, stroke, vascular complications, bleeding, operation time, fluoroscopy time, or contrast agent volume between the ICE and TEE-guided LAAO. The total in-room time (MD=–33.47 min, 95%CI –41.20 to –25.73, P<0.000 01) and radiation dosage (MD=–170.20 mGy, 95%CI –309.79 to –30.62, P=0.02) were lower in the ICE group than those in the TEE group, whereas the incidence of pericardial effusion/tamponade was higher than the TEE group (RR=1.57, 95%CI 1.01 to 2.45, P=0.048). Except for pericardial effusion/tamponade, subgroup analyses and sensitivity analysis showed similar results. The analysis based on the cost data from the United States showed comparable or even lower total costs for ICE versus TEE, but comparative domestic cost studies were lacking. Conclusion     Current evidence suggests that ICE-guided LAAO can reduce radiation dosage and total in-room time, and there is no statistical difference in the overall complication rate between the two groups. Owing to the limitations of sample size and quality of the included studies, the conclusion still needs to be verified by large sample size and high-quality randomized controlled trials.

5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 398-404, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928237

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the potential of polyaspartic acid grafted dopamine copolymer (PAsp- g-DA) chelated Fe 3+ for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visual photothermal therapy. Polyaspartic acid grafted copolymer of covalently grafted dopamine and polyethylene glycol (PAsp- g-DA/PEG) was obtained by the ammonolysis reaction of poly succinimide (PSI), and then chelated with Fe 3+ in aqueous solution. The relaxivity in vitro, magnetic resonance imaging enhancement in vivo and photothermal conversion effect at 808 nm were investigated. The results showed that polymeric iron coordination had good near-infrared absorption and photothermal conversion properties, good magnetic resonance enhancement effect, and good longitudinal relaxation efficiency under different magnetic field intensities. In summary, this study provides a new magnetic resonance visual photothermal therapeutic agent and a new research idea for the research in related fields.


Subject(s)
Dopamine , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Nanoparticles , Peptides , Phototherapy , Photothermal Therapy , Polymers
6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 252-256, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921875

ABSTRACT

Computed tomography (CT) examination is the major measure for detecting and diagnosis of foreign bodies in human body. Although CT has high sensitivity in diagnosis of foreign body, some interference factors may still lead to missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Here we report a rare case that a bamboo stick accidentally pierced into the left chest of a young man who was drunk and unware of this hurt. The patient experienced cough, chest pain, fever, hemoptysis, and was misdiagnosed as primary and secondary tuberculosis based on chest CT examinations at a local hospital, although no tubercular bacillus detected by sputum smear. He subsequently received anti-tuberculous treatments in the following three years, but no improvement of his symptoms was observed. Until one month before his death, the bamboo stick was detected by spiral CT examination as well as three-dimensional image reconstruction at another hospital. Postmortem examination revealed pneumonia, pulmonary infarction, and abscess as the causes of his death. We analyze the potential reasons of misdiagnosis in this case, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary inflammation associated with foreign body in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abscess , Diagnostic Errors , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Infarction , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 497-501, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985143

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association of cardiac disease associated genetic variants and the high incidence of Yunnan sudden unexplained death (YNSUD) in Yi nationality. Methods The genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples collected from 205 Yi villagers from YNSUD aggregative villages (inpatient group) and 197 healthy Yi villagers from neighboring villages (control group). Fifty-two single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of 25 cardiac disease associated genes were genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The SPSS 17.0 was used to analyze data. The pathogenicities of variants with differences between the two groups that have statistical significance were predicted by protein function prediction software PolyPhen-2 and SIFT. All villagers from inpatient group were given electrocardiogram (ECG) examination using a 12-lead electrocardiograph. Results The allele frequency and the genotype frequency of missense mutation DSG2 (rs2278792, c.2318G>A, p.R773K) of pathogenic genes of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) in inpatient group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). Abnormal ECG changes were detected in 71 individuals (34.6%) in the inpatient group, among which 54 individuals carried R773K mutation, including clockwise (counterclockwise) rotation, left (right) axis deviation, ST segment and T wave alteration and heart-blocking. Conclusion Definite pathogenic mutations have not been found in the 52 cardiac disease genes associated SNVs detected in Yi nationality in regions with high incidence of YNSUD. The cause of high incidence of YNSUD in Yi nationality needs further study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Death, Sudden/etiology , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology , Ethnicity/genetics , Incidence , Mutation
8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2001-2005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of nursing intervention based on protection motivation theory on medication compliance and quality of life in elderly patients with Parkinson′s disease.Methods:From August 2017 to August 2018, 60 elderly patients with Parkinson′s disease were selected. The patients were randomly divided into the control group ( n = 30) and the intervention group ( n = 30). In the control group, the routine nursing model was adopted, and the intervention group accepted the nursing intervention based on the protection motivation theory. Two groups of patients were investigated by using medication compliance scale and the 39-item Parkinson′s Disease Questionnaire. Results:Three months after the intervention, 86.67%(26/30) of the patients in the intervention group and 33.33%(10/30) of the patients in the control group had good compliance with the drug, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 17.778, P < 0.05). The total scores of quality of life and scores of physical activity, daily life behavior, mental health, humiliation, social support, cognition, communication and physical discomfort in the intervention group were 26.20±3.12, 4.00±0.76, 4.87±1.19, 2.33±0.72, 1.93±0.17, 2.80±0.86, 4.40±1.12, 2.27±0.80, 3.27±1.10, the scores in the control group were 39.20±2.88, 7.40±1.12, 7.13±0.83, 3.80±0.68, 2.87±0.64, 4.27±0.96, 5.20±0.68, 3.73±0.70, 5.07±0.80, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t value was -2.366-11.849, P <0.05). Conclusion:Nursing intervention based on the protection motivation theory can improve the compliance of elderly patients with Parkinson's disease and their quality of life.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1272-1278, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905697

ABSTRACT

Results and Conclusion Exercise or exercise combined with diet is surely effective on pre-diabetes patients. The types of exercise include aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and high-intensity interval training (HIIT), which may work well for blood glucose, insulin resistance, blood lipids, vascular endothelial function, brain glucose metabolism and brain lactic acid metabolism, etc. HIIT is time-saving, high-efficiency and well-compliance for diabetic patients in fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin and insulin resistance. Objective:To investigate the efficacy of exercise on patients with pre-diabetes and diabetes. Methods:Literatures about exercise intervention for pre-diabetes and diabetes from September, 2014 to September, 2019 were searched from PubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang databases, and the references included were traced back.

10.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 1102-1106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779474

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without palate (NSCLP) who born in Gansu Province from 2010 to 2016, and to establish a predictive model for developing the strategies for the prevention and control of NSCLP. Methods Spatial epidemiological research method and geographical information systems (GIS) were used to conduct thematic mapping, spatial correlation analysis, high/low clustering analysis, hotspot analysis and Kirging interpolation prediction for NSCLP patients in Gansu Province from 2010 to 2016. Results From 2010 to 2016, the aggregation trend of NSCLP incidence in 89 counties in Gansu Province was different obviously, the southeast area was high and the northwest was low. Based on the data of the cumulative incidence of NSCLP from 2010 to 2016 in Gansu, the spatial distribution of NSCLP presented positive spatial correlation (Moran’I=0.274,Z=7.814,P<0.001) and the aggregation type was high-high cluster(Getis Gi=0.000 003,Z=4.381,P<0.001), with 22 hot spots. The Kirging interpolation prediction results showed that the main prevalence trend of NSCLP in Gansu extended from Longdong to Longxi and Longnan areas. Conclusions The geographical distribution of NSCLP had a positive spatial correlation and a high-high aggregation type in Gansu from 2010 to 2016. The high aggregation area is concentrated in Longdong, Longxi and Longnan of Gansu, which suggest that it is essential to focus on prevention and control in these areas.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 821-824, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture preconditioning combined with induced urination on urinary retention after milligan-morgan hemorrhoidectomy.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with mixed hemorrhoids were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture group and a routine group, 40 cases in each group. Anesthesia at Yaoshu (GV 2) was given in the two groups. In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture at Zhongji (CV 3),Guanyuan (CV 4),Pangguangshu (BL 28) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) was applied with tolerant intensity for 30 min before operation, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency. After operation, induced urination was given, namely hot compress of bladder area and sound of hearing water. In the routine group,induced urination was given after operation. The score of the first urination waiting time, the distension of lower abdomen on the evening of the postoperative, the first time urinary volume and incidence of urinary retention were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The scores of the first urination waiting time after operation and distension of lower abdomen in the evening of the postoperative in the electroacupuncture group were lower than those in the routine group, the first time urinary volume was more than that in the routine group, and the incidence of urinary retention was lower than that in the routine group (5.0% (2/40) vs 22.5% (9/40), all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture preconditioning combined with induced urination can effectively prevent the incidence of urinary retention after milligan-morgan hemorrhoidectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids , Urinary Retention , Therapeutics , Urination
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 477-481, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775881

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of electroacupuncture preconditioning with different frequencies on anal pain after milligan-morgan hemorrhoidectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with mixed hemorrhoids were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture group A (dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency), an electroacupuncture group B (continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency) and an electroacupuncture group C (continuous wave, 100 Hz in frequency), 40 cases in each group. Electroacupuncture at Xialiao (BL 34) and Chengshan (BL 57) was applied with tolerant intensity for 30 min before operation in all groups. The number of additional anesthetic drugs in the 3 groups, the visual anal pain score (VAS) and limb activity score at 4, 12, and 24 h after operation, the maximum VAS score within 24 h after surgery and oral dose of aminophenol dihydrocodeine were compared.@*RESULTS@#The number of additional anesthetic drugs in the electroacupuncture group A, the electroacupuncture group B and the electroacupuncture group C were 4, 5, 4 respectively, and there was not statistically significant (>0.05). There was no significant difference in the anal pain VAS score and limb activity score at 4 h after operation among the 3 groups (>0.05), at the 12 h after operation, the VAS scores and limb activity scores in the electroacupunctures group A and B were lower than those in the electroacupuncture group C (<0.05), at 24 h after operation, the VAS score and limb activity score in the electroacupuncture group A were lower than those in the electroacupuncture group B and C (<0.05), the maximum VAS score within 24 h and oral dose of aminophenol dihydrocodeine within 24 h after operation in the electroacupuncture group A were lower than those in the electroacupuncture group B and C (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Different frequency electroacupuncture preconditioning has the effect of alleviating anal pain after milligan-morgan hemorrhoidectomy. The analgesic effect of electroacupuncture with different frequencies is different. The electroacupuncture analgesic effect of 2 Hz /100 Hz dilatational wave is better than 2 Hz and 100 Hz continuous waves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal , Electroacupuncture , Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids , Therapeutics , Pelvic Pain
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 83-86, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331461

ABSTRACT

With the introduction and development of evidence-based medicine in China, it has been spread rapidly in the area of integrative medicine (IM) and has become a new unique discipline. During almost 20 years, as one of the most important parts of evidence-based IM, systematic review (SR)/meta-analysis (MA) of IM have shown a good development momentum in the aspects of quantity, depth, breadth and influence, but also face the harsh situation of the uncontrolled quantity and quality, especially for SRs in Chinese. Therefore, how to supervise and standardize this area effectively becomes a problem to be solved. Based on the experience both at home and abroad, the authors put forward several kinds of solutions for laying the foundation for further development such as promoting the registration system of SR/MA of IM, effectively setting up the regulatory platform of quality and quantity, launching professional training for SR/MA reviewers, forming qualification registration, developing the data transfer and sharing platform to realize the transparency of evidence process.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 373-377, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702501

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI)can be divided into primary injury and secondary injury.Spinal cord edema is important for the development of secondary injury after ASCI.Spinal cord edema can be mainly divided into cytotoxic edema and angioedema.The application of dehydrating agents in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury is obvious.This article de-scribed the application of mannitol,hypertonic saline,glycerol fructose,furosemide,human serum albumin,resveratrol and other dehydrating agents in the treatment of ASCI.

15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 36-37, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To distinguish the injury characteristic changes on the drivers between the injuries of drivers and passengers in traffic accidents, and to provide scientific evidence for confirming the identity of driver in traffic accidents.@*METHODS@#Data of 126 automobile traffic accident death cases in the reclamation areas of Heilongjiang province from 2006-2014 were retrospectively studied. The injury characteristics on the drivers of automobile traffic accident death cases were analyzed and the forensic identification problem in the injuries of drivers and passengers were discussed.@*RESULTS@#Injuries were frequently observed on driver's neck, chest and abdomen. The characteristic injuries caused by auto parts were also found, which appeared at the places of passenger's head, face and limbs contacted with automobile. Such characteristic injuries were not found at other places.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The location and type of injury are associated with the identity of the deceased.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Automobile Driving/statistics & numerical data , Automobiles , China/epidemiology , Death , Extremities/injuries , Head , Retrospective Studies , Thorax
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 162-164, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the morphological characteristics of the injury caused by ox horn on human body and its injury mechanism, and to discuss the rules and characteristics of injury by ox horn and provide forensic evidences for identification of such cases.@*METHODS@#The comparative analysis of position and morphological characteristics were performed by summarizing the data of 100 victims gored by ox accepted by Heilongjiang agricultural areas public security bureau during 2004-2014.@*RESULTS@#The specific injuries only could be found at the contact positions such as thorax and abdomen, lower back and limbs of the victims gored by ox horn. Most of the skin wounds had the characteristics of sharp injuries, the bar-type injury by club which called "rail way bruise" was an obvious characteristic appeared on the soft tissue.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ox horn can cause non-specific injuries on thorax and abdomen, lower back and limbs of human body, which are similar with the characteristics of sharp injury and injury by club. Careful analyzation and identification should be performed on such injury in daily work.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Humans , Abdominal Injuries/etiology , Lower Extremity , Thorax , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Wounds, Penetrating
17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 544-547, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467371

ABSTRACT

[Summary] During recent years, increasing evidences have indicated that type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) might increase the risk of certain tumors; the process might be not only related with the chronic pathologic status of T2DM such as hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, status of chronic inflammation but also associated with the long-term use of anti-diabetic drugs (i. e. sulfonylureas, biguanides, glitazones, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptitide-1 receptor agonists), as well as the use of insulin and insulin analogues. Herewith a system review was made about the recent progress in studying T2DM and tumor risk.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 31-35, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347110

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the anti-hyperlipidemic effects of apple polyphenols extract (APE) in Triton WR-1339-induced endogenous hyperlipidemic model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Firstly, APE was isolated and purified from the pomace of Red Fuji Apple and contents of individual polyphenols in APE were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). Secondly, forty male National Institude of Health (NIH) mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 8 animals in each group. The Fenofibrate Capsules (FC) group and APE groups received oral administration of respective drugs for 7 consecutive days. All mice except those in the normal group were intravenously injected through tail vein with Triton WR-1339 on the 6th day. Serum and livers from all the mice were obtained 18 h after the injection. The changes in serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL) were measured by respective kits. Finally, expression of hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) mRNA was measured by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. RESULTS SERUM TC AND TG LEVELS SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASED IN TRITON WR-1339-INDUCED MODEL GROUP COMPARED WITH THE NORMAL GROUP (P<0.01). ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF APE [200 AND 400 MG/(KG DAY)] DOSE-DEPENDENTLY REDUCED THE SERUM LEVEL OF TG IN HYPERLIPIDEMIC MICE (P<0.01). SERUM LPL AND HTGL ACTIVITIES SIGNIFICANTLY DECREASED IN TRITON WR-1339-INDUCED MODEL GROUP COMPARED WITH THE NORMAL GROUP (P<0.05). ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF APE [200 AND 400 MG/(KG DAY)] DOSE-DEPENDENTLY ELEVATED THE SERUM ACTIVITY OF LPL IN HYPERLIPIDEMIC MICE (P<0.05 OR P<0.01). FURTHERMORE, COMPARED WITH THE NORMAL GROUP, HEPATIC MRNA LEVEL OF PPARα IN THE MODEL GROUP SIGNIFICANTLY DECREASED (P<0.01). ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF APE [200 AND 400 MG/(KG DAY)] DOSE-DEPENDENTLY ELEVATED THE EXPRESSION OF PPARα IN HYPERLIPIDEMIC MICE (P<0.05 OR P<0.01):</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>APE could reduce TG level via up-regulation of LPL activity, which provides new evidence to elucidate the anti-hyperlipidemic effects of APE.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Chlorogenic Acid , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cholesterol , Blood , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hyperlipidemias , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Hypolipidemic Agents , Pharmacology , Lipoprotein Lipase , Blood , Genetics , PPAR alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Polyethylene Glycols , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Tannins , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Triglycerides , Blood , Up-Regulation
19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 632-636, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290702

ABSTRACT

Multilevel models are applicable to both the quantitative data and categorical variables. We used the methods, including the multilevel models, analysis of covariance and CMH chi-square test, to analyse different types of data, to explore the application of multilevel models in the analysis of the multicenter clinical trial center effect. The results showed that the analysis of covariance is more sensitive to find the center effect for quantitative data, while multilevel models are more sensitive to categorical variables. It can be seen that results with different analytical methods for center effect are not the same, and the most appropriate method should be selected in accordance with the characteristics of data, the objective of research, and the applicable conditions of the various methods in practical use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Trials as Topic , Models, Theoretical , Research Design
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2569-2572, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299771

ABSTRACT

Persicae Ramulus decoction, as the first prescription in Treatise on febrile Diseases, has been recommended by physicians of successive generations. It is also the general prescription for harmonizing yingfen and weifen, yin and yang, qi and blood. Although it only consists of five herbal medicines, it has a wider range of application and more categorized formulas than other prescriptions. Though Persicae Ramulus decoction was originally formulated to treat taiyang apoplexy, it has functions beyond the treatment of exopathic diseases. This formula is also effective in treating internal diseases, surgical diseases, gynecologic diseases, paediatric diseases, etc. KE Yun-bo praised it as the No. 1 formula among ZHANG Zhong-jin's formulas as well as the general prescription for harmonizing Yin and Yang, yingfen and weifen, resolving fleshy exterior and inducing perspiration. Professor SHI Xin-de has been expert at treating intractable diseases by using Persicae Ramulus-associated prescriptions, such as Xiaojianzhong decoction and Baohe pill for children's chronic eczema, Persicae Ramulus and Puerariae Lobatae Radix decoction and Yupingfeng powder for chronic nephritis, and Persicae Ramulus and Longgu Muli decoction for insomnia. Instead of being restricted to Chinese or Western disease names, he prescribed appropriate formulas according to syndromes, thereby achieving a good efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Drug Combinations , Drug Prescriptions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Eczema , Drug Therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Drug Therapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL