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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 635-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of platelets on hematopoietic stem cell (HSCs) implantation in mice with radiation-induced bone marrow injury and bone marrow transplantation models. Methods: ①Male C57BL/6 mice were divided into a single irradiation group and a radiation infusion group after receiving (60)Co semimyeloablative irradiation for 18-10 weeks. The irradiation infusion group received 1×10(8) platelets expressing GFP fluorescent protein. ② The allogeneic bone marrow transplantation model was established. The experimental groups included the simple transplantation group (BMT) and the transplantation infusion group (BMT+PLT). The BMT group was infused through the tail vein only 5 × 10(6) bone marrow cells, the BMT+PLT group needs to be infused with bone marrow cells at the same time 1× 10(8) platelets. ③ Test indicators included peripheral blood cell and bone marrow cell counts, flow cytometry to detect the proportion of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and hematopoietic progenitor cells, bone marrow cell proliferation and apoptosis, and pathological observation of vascular niche damage and repair. Results: ①On the 3rd, 7th, 14(th), and 21st days after irradiation, the bone marrow cell count of the infusion group was higher than that in the single irradiation group (P<0.05), and the peripheral blood cell count was also higher. A statistically significant difference was found between the white blood cell count on the 21st day and the platelet count on the 7th day (P<0.05). In the observation cycle, the percentage of bone marrow cell proliferation in the infusion group was higher, while the percentage of apoptosis was lower. ② The results of bone tissue immunofluorescence after irradiation showed that the continuity of hematopoietic niche with red fluorescence was better in the irradiation infusion group. ③The chimerism percentage in the BMT+PLT group was always higher than that in the BMT group after transplantation.④ The BMT+PLT group had higher bone marrow cell count and percentage of bone marrow cell proliferation on the 7th and 28th day after transplantation than that in the BMT group, and the percentage of bone marrow cell apoptosis on the 14th day was lower than that in the BMT group (P<0.05). After the 14th day, the percentage of stem progenitor cells in the bone marrow cells of mice was higher than that in the BMT group (P<0.05). ⑤The immunohistochemical results of bone marrow tissue showed that the continuity of vascular endothelium in the BMT+PLT group was better than that in the BMT group. Conclusion: Platelet transfusion can alleviate the injury of vascular niche, promotes HSC homing, and is beneficial to hematopoietic reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Bone Marrow Diseases , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice, Inbred BALB C
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2297-2306, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007567

ABSTRACT

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease with high prevalence and possible poor prognosis. Though the pathogenesis of pSS has not been fully elucidated, B cell hyperactivity is considered as one of the fundamental abnormalities in pSS patients. It has long been identified that Janus kinases-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) signaling pathway contributes to rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Recently, increasing numbers of studies have provided evidence that JAK-STAT pathway also has an important role in the pathogenesis of pSS via direct or indirect activation of B cells. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), STAT3, and STAT5 activated by various cytokines and ribonucleic acid contribute to pSS development, respectively or synergically. These results reveal the potential application of Janus kinase inhibitors for treatment of pSS, which may fundamentally improve the quality of life and prognosis of patients with pSS.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970483

ABSTRACT

The present study observed the regulatory effect of total flavonoids of Ziziphora clinopodioides on autophagy and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathways in ApoE~(-/-) mice and explored the mechanism of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides against atherosclerosis(AS). ApoE~(-/-) mice were fed on a high-fat diet for eight weeks to induce an AS model. The model mice were randomly divided into a model group, a positive control group, and low-, medium-and high-dose groups of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides, while C57BL/6J mice fed on a common diet were assigned to the blank group. The serum and aorta samples were collected after intragastric administration for 12 weeks, and the serum levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C) were detected by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum expression levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2), and matrix metalloprotei-nase-9(MMP-9) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Oil red O staining was used to observe the aortic plaque area in mice. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the aortic plaque and pathological changes in mice. The expression of P62 and LC3 in the aorta was detected by the immunofluorescence method. The protein expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ, Beclin-1, P62, p-PI3K, p-Akt, and p-mTOR in the aorta of mice was detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank group, the serum levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the model group were significantly increased(P<0.01 or P<0.05), the content of HDL-C was decreased(P<0.05), intra-aortic plaque area was enlarged(P<0.01), the expression of LC3 in the aorta was significantly down-regulated, P62 expression was up-regulated(P<0.01 or P<0.05), the expressions of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and Beclin-1 in the aortic lysate were significantly down-regulated, and the expressions of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR and P62 were significantly increased(P<0.01). The medium-and high-dose groups of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides could reduce the serum levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in AS model mice(P<0.01 or P<0.05), and increase the content of HDL-C(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The aortic plaque area of mice after middle and high doses of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides was significantly reduced(P<0.01), the content of foam cells decrease, and the narrowing of the lumen decreased. The total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides significantly increased the expression of LC3 in the aorta and the expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and Beclin-1 in the lysate, and decreased the expression of P62 in the aorta and the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR and P62 in the lysate(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The results showed that the total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides could improve the content of blood lipids and inflammatory factors, and reduce the generation of foam cells and plaques in aortic tissue, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Beclin-1 , Cholesterol, LDL , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 39-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969803

ABSTRACT

High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers consist of cervical cancer, anal cancer, penile cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, and head and neck cancer (HNC). Of these, the disease burden of HNC is second only to cervical cancer. HNC mostly originates from malignant lesions of squamous epithelial cells and mainly includes oral cavity cancer, pharyngeal cancer (including nasopharyngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, and hypopharyngeal cancer), and laryngeal cancer. Tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and HPV infection are three primary risk factors. Recently, there is an upward trend of HNC incidence globally, especially in high-income countries. In China, the disease burden and trends of HPV-related HNC are still not clear. A few small sample size and single-center studies suggest a high HPV prevalence and increasing trend in HNC. Methodological differences in HPV testing and regional variabilities still exist among these studies. Among the anatomic sites, oropharyngeal cancer has been shown to be caused by HPV infection, but the association of HPV with other sites is still under debate. In addition, there is a paucity of relevant studies. Here, this review narrates the association between HPV infection and HNC, compares the differences between global and Chinese studies, and then explores the importance of HPV infection in various anatomical sites. The main objective is to highlight the research on HPV-related HNC and promote relevant prevention and treatment programs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/complications , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/complications , Head and Neck Neoplasms/epidemiology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomaviridae
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 851-854, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985572

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of HPV vaccine in preventing cervical cancer has been demonstrated in numerous clinical trials and clinical uses. The follow-up after clinical trials usually last for 5-6 years to evaluate the long-term efficacy, and a series of long-term follow-up studies have been conducted in some regions. The literature retrieval of HPV vaccine long term efficiency research both at home and abroad indicated that the protective efficacy of the vaccine against vaccine-type-related cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 and above is higher than 90%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papillomaviridae , Biomedical Research , Papillomavirus Vaccines
6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 132-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the surgical method and clinical efficacy of applying calf tissue flap combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate in treatment of tibia osteomyelitis.Methods:From July 2018 to January 2021, calf tissue flaps combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate (or mixed with iliac bone) were applied to treat 16 cases with tibia osteomyelitis in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery of Baoji Third Hospital. There were 10 males and 6 females, aged 15 to 64 years old, with a mean age of 41 years old. For the 5 cases with acute osteomyelitis caused by wound infection, local dressing changes and drainage or VSD wound management were applied after debridement, together with primary systemic anti-infection treatment. After the acute infection period had been under control and stabilised, the wounds were then thoroughly exposed and cavities were filled and covered with the surgical reconstruction procedure with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in combination with calf tissue flaps. For the 11 cases with chronic and hypotoxicity osteomyelitis, calf tissue flaps combined with antibiotics-blended artificial bone of calcium sulphate were applied to fill the cavity and cover the wound in phase I surgical reconstruction after thorough debridement. For the 7 cases with large bone defects or larger cavities after debridement, a mixed bone grafts of antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate and autologous iliac bone were employed, with muscle flaps or myocutaneous flaps for an embedding repair. Sizes of the tissue flaps were 2.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×23.0 cm. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through follow-ups at outpatient clinic. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by the method described by McKee et al.Results:Except for 1 case of distal necrosis of tissue flap and survived after dressing change, the other tissue flap survived successfully. Postoperative follow-ups lasted for 12 to 40(mean 18) months. All the osteomyelitis were successfully cured, except 1 that had recurrence of osteomyelitis 1 year later, and treated with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate combined with autologous iliac bone implants after thorough debridement, and then healed well. The shape and texture of flaps were good. Protective sensations were restored to vary levels after 6 months. The calf regained weight-bearing and walking functions at 1 year after surgery. According to McKee et al., the therapeutic effect was evaluated: 11 cases were cured, 4 cases were improved, and 1 case relapsed, with an effective rate of 93.8%.Conclusion:Application of calf tissue flap combined with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in the treatment of tibia osteomyelitis has a high cure rate and remarkable efficacy. It can significantly reduce the number of surgeries and shorten the course of disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate (artificial bone or mixed iliac bone graft) in the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 11 cases of foot and ankle osteomyelitis which had been treated at Department of Hand and Microsurgery, The Third Hospital of Baoji from October 2018 to October 2021. There were 8 males and 3 females, aged (42.3±23.7) years. The chronic hypotoxic osteomyelitis was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at one stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound. The acute infected trauma was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at the second stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound only after the acute infection was controlled by local dressing, drainage or negative pressure therapy and systemic anti-infection treatment at the primary stage. The flap size ranged from 3.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 12.0 cm × 6.0 cm. Four cases were treated by a peroneal artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a flap with peroneal artery perforator and peroneal nerve trophic vessel combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a posterior tibial artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, and one by a peroneus longus muscle flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone. Postoperatively, the flap survival, bone union time, ankle function and complications were observed; the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by comparing infection control indexes at the final follow-up [clinical manifestations like local redness, swelling, pain, ulceration, and exudation, and white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and calcitoninogen (PCT)].Results:All the flaps survived except for one which developed necrosis at the distal 1/3 of the flap but responded to dressing change. All the patients were followed up for (22.6±11.5) months. The 6-month follow-up revealed that all the flaps were fine in shape and texture. Re-examinations showed that WBC, CRP, ESR and PCT were normal or close to normal, the local skin was free of redness, swelling or ulceration, and protective sensation was restored to varying degrees. X-ray at (12.1±2.3) months showed that lesions disappeared, bony union was achieved, the ankle joint regained basic flexion and extension, and the affected limb also regained weight-bearing and walking functions in all the patients but one whose X-ray at 18 months showed poor bony union but no other symptoms or signs.Conclusion:In the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis, a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone can promote bone healing and restore the function of the foot and ankle because it not only fills the cavity and covers the wound but also effectively controls the infection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927843

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the prevalence of mental health symptoms and identify the associated factors among college students at the beginning of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)outbreak in China. Methods We carried out a multi-center cross-sectional study via snowball sampling and convenience sampling of the college students in different areas of China.The rates of self-reported depression,anxiety,and stress and post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)were assessed via the 21-item Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale(DASS-21)and the 6-item Impact of Event Scale-Revised(IES-6),respectively.Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics,health-related data,and information of the social environment.Data pertaining to mental health service seeking were also collected.Multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors. Results A total of 3641 valid questionnaires were collected from college students.At the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak,535(14.69%)students had negative emotions,among which 402(11.04%),381(10.49%),and 171(4.90%)students had the symptoms of depression,anxiety,and stress,respectively.Meanwhile,1245(34.19%)college students had PTSD.Among the risk factors identified,male gender was associated with a lower likelihood of reporting depression symptoms(AOR=0.755,P=0.037],and medical students were at higher risk of depression and stress symptoms than liberal arts students(AOR=1.497,P=0.003;AOR=1.494,P=0.045).Family support was associated with lower risks of negative emotions and PTSD in college students(AOR=0.918,P<0.001;AOR=0.913,P<0.001;AOR=0.899,P<0.001;AOR=0.971,P=0.021). Conclusions College students were more sensitive to public health emergencies,and the incidence of negative emotions and PTSD was significantly higher than that before the outbreak of COVID-19.More attention should be paid to female college students who were more likely to develop negative emotions.We should strengthen positive and proper propaganda via mass media and help college students understand the situation and impact of COVID-19.Furthermore,we should enhance family support for college students.The government and relevant agencies need to provide appropriate mental health services to the students under similar circumstances to avoid the deterioration of their mental well-being.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Status , Students/psychology , Universities
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 761-765, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935456

ABSTRACT

The world is entering a new era of accelerated elimination of cervical cancer, while the age-standardized incidence, and mortality of cervical cancer in China are rising rapidly. This article summarizes and describes the current situation and trends of the burden of cervical cancer in China, reviews and analyzes the comprehensive prevention practice of cervical cancer, focusing on critical reasons for the increasing burden of cervical cancer, from the perspectives of sociology, behavior, and epidemiology in the population. Countermeasures are proposed to provide guidance and theoretical reference for the precise prevention of cervical cancer to eliminate cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Causality , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 702-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935447

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aim to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cancer attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in China in 2016. Methods: Based on the cancer incidence and mortality rates, national population data, and population attributable fraction (PAF) in China, we calculated the number of incidence and death cases attributed to HPV infection in different areas, age groups, and gender in China in 2016. The standardized incidence and mortality rates for cancer attributed to HPV infection were calculated by using Segi's population. Results: In 2016, a total of 124 772 new cancer cases (6.32 per 100 000) were attributed to HPV infection in China, including 117 118 cases in women and 7 654 cases in men. Of these cancers, cervical cancer was the most common one, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. A total of 41 282 (2.03 per 100 000) deaths were attributed to HPV infection, of which 37 417 occurred in women and 3 865 in men. Most deaths were caused by cervical cancer, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, laryngeal cancer, vaginal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer increased rapidly with age, peaked in age group 50-54 years, then decreased obviously. The morbidity and mortality rates of non-cervical cancer increased with age. The cancer case and death numbers in rural areas (57 089 cases and 19 485 deaths) were lower than those in urban areas (67 683 cases and 21 797 deaths). However, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of cervical cancer were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. There were no significant differences in ASIR and ASMR of non-cervical cancers between urban areas and rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence of cancers attributed to HPV infection in China was lower than the global average, but the number of incidences accounted largely, furthermore there is an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality. The preventions and controls of cervical cancer and male anal cancer are essential to contain the increases in cancer cases and deaths attributed to HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Penile Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms , Vulvar Neoplasms
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 483-487, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935415

ABSTRACT

The pandemic of COVID-19 threatens the health and safety of the people all over the world. COVID-19 vaccine is the key public product to establish population immune barrier and achieve the global contain of the pandemic. The World Health Organization, the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations established COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access Facility (COVAX) in 2020, aiming to enable the fair access to COVID-19 vaccine by all countries in the world, especially the low- and middle-income countries. Although COVAX has facilitated the production and research of COVID-19 vaccine by coordinating the global supply chain, the implementation of COVAX is still facing many difficulties in financing, implementation and the awareness of public, revealing the problems of global health governance. Taking COVAX as an example, this paper analyzes the difficulties faced by global health governance and explore the underlying causes, so as to suggest feasible short and long-term paths for China's participation in global governance.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Global Health , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935272

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) released the global strategy report on digital health (2020-2025) in Geneva in 2019, which established the priority of the digital health strategy and formulated strategic objectives, guiding principles, action framework and implementation plans to promote the development of global digital health, and to achieve universal health coverage and the health-related sustainable development goals. Despite China's rapid development in the field of digital health, there is still a big gap between the realization of the goal of digital health. Therefore, it is urgent to grasp the major historical opportunity and step into a new era of digital health with the support of digital technology platform.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Global Health , Universal Health Insurance , World Health Organization
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887907

ABSTRACT

The advent of the digital era brings new challenges and opportunities for cervical cancer prevention and research.With the development of digital techniques in China,the construction of an information platform for cervical cancer prevention based on the current achievements has become an important trend.This paper expounds the importance,existing problems,and challenges of the data integration of population-based cervical cancer screening and the information platform construction,and puts forwards effective measures to promote its construction.The establishment of an information platform for cervical cancer prevention in the digital era has far-reaching significance for the global elimination of cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China , Early Detection of Cancer , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e10717, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180740

ABSTRACT

Scorpion venom is a Chinese medicine for epilepsy treatment, but the underlying mechanism is not clear. Scorpion venom heat-resistant peptide (SVHRP), a peptide isolated from the venom of Buthus martensii Karsch, has an anti-epileptic effect by reducing seizure behavior according to a modified Racine scale. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of SVHRP on temporal lobe epilepsy. The hippocampus and hippocampal neurons from kainic acid-induced epileptic rats were treated with SVHRP at different doses and duration. Quantitative RT-PCR and immunoblotting were used to detect the expression level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neuropeptide Y (NPY), cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB), stromal interaction molecule (STIM), and calcium release-activated calcium channel protein 1 (ORAI1). In the hippocampal tissues and primary hippocampal neuron cultures, SVHRP treatment resulted in increased mRNA and protein levels of BDNF and NPY under the epileptic condition. The upregulation of BDNF and NPY expression was positively correlated with the dose level and treatment duration of SVHRP in hippocampal tissues from kainic acid-induced epileptic rats. On the other hand, no significant changes in the levels of CREB, STIM, or ORAI1 were observed. SVHRP may exhibit an anti-epileptic effect by upregulating the expression of BDNF and NPY in the epileptic hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Scorpion Venoms/toxicity , Epilepsy/chemically induced , Epilepsy/drug therapy , Peptides , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Hot Temperature , Hippocampus/metabolism , Kainic Acid/toxicity , Neurons
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826329

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is the second most common malignant tumor in women worldwide.The burden of cervical cancer is particularly heavy in less developed countries as the malignancy brings huge pain to the patients and their family members and causes huge losses to social development and global health.However,cervical cancer is a preventable and curable disease.While screening and human papillomavirus vaccination in developed countries have remarkably lowered the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer,there is still a far way to go to achieve the prevention and treatment of this disease.The multidisciplinary prevention and control programs slightly differ in different countries due to diverse economic and health conditions.The general principle is to vaccinate the young females and to implement a comprehensive strategy including human papillomavirus vaccine vaccination,screening,early diagnosis,and early treatment in adults.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Early Detection of Cancer , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Vaccination
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793052

ABSTRACT

As an important branch of artificial intelligence,the emerging medical artificial intelligence(MAI)is facing many ethical issues.MAI may offer the optimal diagnosis and treatment for patients but may also bring adverse effects on society and human beings.This article discusses the ethical problems caused by MAI and elucidates its development in a direction that meets ethical principles and requirements.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753309

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis in patients with prostate specific antigen (PSA) abnormal prostate disease. Methods The patients who had abnormal PSA from January 2017 to December 2018 in Weifang People′s Hospital were selected. Patients with prostate puncture indications were as research target. A total of 137 patients including 44 patients with prostate cancer and 93 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia were diagnosed by puncture. All patients underwent magnetic resonance scan and enhancement and spectroscopy before surgery. The comparative value of magnetic resonance scan + enhancement, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and joint examination was obtained. Results Sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging and enhancement was 77.3% (34/44), specificity was 86.0% (80/93), and accuracy was 83.2% (114/137). Sensitivity of magnetic resonance spectroscopy was 52.3% (23/44), specificity was 77.4% (72/93), and accuracy was 69.3% (95/137). The sensitivity of the combined application was 90.9% (40/44), specificity was 91.4% (85/93), and accuracy was 91.2% (125/137). Conclusions The application of magnetic resonance spectroscopy can increase the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of magnetic resonance plain scan and intensive examination for diagnosis of prostate cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689560

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of NLRP1 on the liver dysfunction following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mouse model of allo-HSCT was established by using C57BL/6 and NLRP mice were used as the recipients: BABL/c mice were used as donors). The chimera rates of donor's bone marrow cells were assayed by flow cytometry. ALT and AST levels were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of NLRP1, the precursor of Caspase-1 and its active segment p20,IL-1β,IL-18 and MPO in livers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The chimera rate was over 96% on the day 14 after allo-HSCT, and showed that the hematopoietic stem cells of donors had been transplanted into recipients. ALT and AST levels were increased from (173.9±12.39)U/L and (283.7±28.00)U/L on day 7 to (3902±1745)U/L and (5316±924)U/L on the day 14 and decreased to (3153±564.4) U/L and (4350±957.7) U/L on the day 28, respectively. Western blot showed that the expression of NLRP1 was increased after allo-HSCT, which displayed a similar trend with the changes of ALT and AST. When knocking out NLRP1, the contents of ALT and AST in the knocked group were significantly decreased in comparison with the group without knocking out. And the expression levels of NLRP1 related inflammatory proteins, precursor of Caspase-1,p20,Mature-IL-1β,Mature-IL-18 and MPO were lower than those in groups without knocking out NLRP1 gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Allo-HSCT can cause the damage of liver function and increase the expression of NLRP1, while knocking out NLRP1 can reduce the damage of liver function, so NLRP1 may be one of the important factors leading to liver dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Interleukin-1beta , Liver Diseases , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
19.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 171-175, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707843

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (BSLE),so as to improve the physicians' understanding of this condition.Methods The clinical date of 8 BSLE patients who were hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to December 2016 were analyzed.Numerical data and categorical data were analyzed using t-test and chi-square test,respectively.Results These 8 subjects accounted for 0.3% of the 2 965 hospitalized systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients,including 2 males and 6 females with the mean age of (25±10) years old and median duration of 17 (3~43) months.Skin lesions,as the initial symptom at onset were shown in 3 cases.Blisters or bullae occurred on the face in 6 patients (6/8),trunk in 5 patients (5/8),extremities in 5 patients (5/8).All of them arose on normal-appearing skin.BSLE often occurred in active SLE with the average SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score of (12±8).Renal damage (8/8) was the most common complication followed by hematological abnormality (6/8),serositis (4/8),arthritis (3/8),neurological involvement (2/8).Compare with SLE patients without BSLE,the incidence of hematuria (6 cases,75%) and hemolytic anemia(4 cases,50%) were statistically higher in BSLE patients.Treated by corticosteroid and immunosuppressants,6 patients achieved clinical improvements,Conchusion The incidence of SLE is relatively rare.It tends to occur in patients with active lupus,especially in lupus nephritis and hematologic involvement.Glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressants,as well as local treatment,could improve the prognosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311555

ABSTRACT

Platelet activation is a crucial step in both physiological hemostasis and pathological thrombosis, which is an important mean to prevent and treat thrombotic diseases by inhibition of platelet activation. The current clinical antithrombotic therapy showed a high efficiency, but at risk of bleeding. Platelet glycoprotein VI (GPVI) is a platelet-specific receptor and its binding with collagen is critical for platelet activation. GPVI antagonists were shown to effectively inhibit thrombosis and inflammation without influence on normal hemostasis. As a novel target for antithrombotic therapy, it ideally combines efficacy with safety. This review summarizes the recent advances of studies on GPVI structure, function and its role in hemostasis, thrombosis, and anti-GPVI agents. The potential clinical strategies of antiplatelet drugs targeting GPVI are discussed so as to provide a reliable regimen for thrombotic diseases.

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