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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 285-291, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013632

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role and potential mechanism of methyltransferase-like 5 (METTL5) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) . Methods The expression of METTL5 in TNBC tumor tissues and cell lines was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. After shRNA targeting METTL5 (shRNAMETTL5) was transfected into TNBC cells, cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected by CCK-8, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Wnt/p-catenin signaling-related key proteins. A xenograft tumor model was constructed to verify the effect of METTL5 knockdown on the growth of TNBC cells and Wnt/p-catenin signaling activity in vivo. Results The expression of METTL5 was up-regulated in TNBC tumor tissues and cell lines (P < 0. 01) . Knockdown of METTL5 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of TNBC cells and reduced the expression of Wnt/p-catenin signaling molecules (3-catenin, cyclin Dl, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2 and MMP-7 (all P < 0. 01) . Knockdown of METTL5 reduced tumor growth and Wnt/pcatenin signaling activity in vivo. Conclusions Knockdown of METTL5 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of TNBC cells, which may be related to the inhibition of Wnt/p-catenin signaling pathway.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 653-658, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the potential mechanism of the effect of Xuebijing injection (XBJ) on neurological function and survival of rats after cardiac arrest (CA)/cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) based on the S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR)/S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) pathway. METHODS The CA/CPR rat model was established by ventricular fibrillation. Using a sham operation group as control, high-throughput sequencing was employed to analyze and mine the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the contents of GSNOR and GSNO in the hippocampus; the active components of XBJ were screened and subjected to molecular docking analysis with GSNOR. The rats successfully modeled using the same method were divided into model group (n=30), inhibitor (GSNOR inhibitor) group (n=30), XBJ group (n=30) and XBJ+inhibitor group (n=30), and a sham operation group (n=30) was set up. Neurological function was evaluated and survival status was recorded at 3 hours, 24 hours and 3 days after the first 89) drug intervention. The contents of GSNOR and GSNO in the hippocampus of rats were determined in each group at the 0191) above time points, and the relationship of the contents of GSNOR and GSNO with modified neurologic severity scale (mNSS) score was analyzed. RESULTS GSNOR coding gene was differentially expressed between the model group and the sham operation group. Compared with the sham operation group, GSNOR content increased significantly in the hippocampus of rats in model group, while GSNO content decreased significantly (P<0.05). The active components of XBJ, such as 4- methylenemiltirone and salviolone, could be bound to GSNOR protein, with the binding energy lower than -6 kcal/mol, mainly connected by hydrogen bonds. Animal experiments revealed that mNSS score and GSNOR levels in the hippocampus of rats in the model group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group (P<0.05), while GSNO levels and survival rate were significantly lower than those in the sham operation group (P<0.05). The above indexes of rats were improved significantly in administration groups, the mNSS score in the XBJ group was significantly lower than that in the inhibitor group, the content changes of GSNOR and GSNO in the inhibitor group were more obvious than those in the XBJ group, and the various indicators in the XBJ+inhibitor group were significantly better than the XBJ group and the inhibitor group (P<0.05). GSNOR content was positively correlated with the mNSS score, and GSNO content was negatively correlated with the mNSS score (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS XBJ can improve the neurological function of rats and enhance their survival rates after CA/CPR, the mechanism of which may be associated with the down-regulation of GSNOR and the up-regulation of GSNO.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 421-430, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007757

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Artificial intelligence (AI) technology represented by deep learning has made remarkable achievements in digital pathology, enhancing the accuracy and reliability of diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. The spatial distribution of CD3 + and CD8 + T cells within the tumor microenvironment has been demonstrated to have a significant impact on the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to investigate CD3 CT (CD3 + T cells density in the core of the tumor [CT]) prognostic ability in patients with CRC by using AI technology.@*METHODS@#The study involved the enrollment of 492 patients from two distinct medical centers, with 358 patients assigned to the training cohort and an additional 134 patients allocated to the validation cohort. To facilitate tissue segmentation and T-cells quantification in whole-slide images (WSIs), a fully automated workflow based on deep learning was devised. Upon the completion of tissue segmentation and subsequent cell segmentation, a comprehensive analysis was conducted.@*RESULTS@#The evaluation of various positive T cell densities revealed comparable discriminatory ability between CD3 CT and CD3-CD8 (the combination of CD3 + and CD8 + T cells density within the CT and invasive margin) in predicting mortality (C-index in training cohort: 0.65 vs. 0.64; validation cohort: 0.69 vs. 0.69). The CD3 CT was confirmed as an independent prognostic factor, with high CD3 CT density associated with increased overall survival (OS) in the training cohort (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.12-0.38, P <0.001) and validation cohort (HR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.05-0.92, P = 0.037).@*CONCLUSIONS@#We quantify the spatial distribution of CD3 + and CD8 + T cells within tissue regions in WSIs using AI technology. The CD3 CT confirmed as a stage-independent predictor for OS in CRC patients. Moreover, CD3 CT shows promise in simplifying the CD3-CD8 system and facilitating its practical application in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Colorectal Neoplasms , Artificial Intelligence , Reproducibility of Results , Prognosis , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 113-118, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971002

ABSTRACT

Male patients with prolactinomas usually present with typical hyperprolactinemia symptoms, including sexual dysfunction and infertility. However, clinical factors related to sexual dysfunction and surgical outcomes in these patients remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of male patients with prolactinomas after transsphenoidal surgery and the risk factors affecting sexual dysfunction. This study was conducted on 58 male patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for prolactinomas between May 2014 and December 2020 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. We evaluated the sexual function of patients before and after surgery through International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores, libido, and frequency of morning erection. Of the 58 patients, 48 (82.8%) patients had sexual intercourse preoperatively. Among those 48 patients, 41 (85.4%) patients presented with erectile dysfunction. The preoperative International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores in patients with macroprolactinomas were significantly higher than those in patients with giant prolactinomas (17.63 ± 0.91 vs 13.28 ± 1.43; P = 0.01). Postoperatively, the incidence of erectile dysfunction was 47.9%, which was significantly lower than that preoperatively (85.4%; P = 0.01). Twenty-eight (68.3%) patients demonstrated an improvement in erectile dysfunction. Tumor size and invasiveness were significantly correlated with the improvement of erectile dysfunction. Preoperative testosterone <2.3 ng ml-1 was an independent predictor of improvement in erectile dysfunction. In conclusion, our results indicated that tumor size and invasiveness were important factors affecting the improvement of sexual dysfunction in male patients with prolactinoma. The preoperative testosterone level was an independent predictor related to the improvement of erectile dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prolactinoma/surgery , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/complications , Testosterone , Pituitary Neoplasms/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 73-78, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a dedicated neonatal-infant brain 0.35 T MRI system.Methods:A dual-center controlled clinical trial was conducted with single-arm objective performance criteria. From June to July 2020, sixty-six infants aged 0-12 (6.3±3.4) months were recruited from Children′s Hospital of Soochow University and the First People′s Hospital of Lianyungang prospectively. All infants underwent brain MRI with a dedicated neonatal-infant 0.35 T brain MRI system, using the dedicated two-channel transceiver head coil. MRI protocol included spin echo T 1WI, fast spin echo T 2WI, fluid attenuated inversion recovery, diffusion weighted imaging and 3D gradient echo sequence. MRI sequences were set with three orientations (axial, sagittal and coronal). Each case received at least two scanning planes and two scanning sequences. Five-point Likert scoring system was used to evaluate the image quality of acquired images, and the target value was set as at least 3 points per image. The temperature, heart rate and breathe of the infants were recorded before and after MRI; the acoustic noise of the MRI system was measured during the scanning process; and the adverse reactions were recorded if presented. Results:Five infants successfully completed their examination during non-sedated sleep in a single attempt, and 61 infants after sedation with chloral hydrate. Based on MRI-based five-point Likert scoring system, 41 cases achieved a score of 5, 21 cases with a score of 4 and 4 cases with a score of 3. Cases with score of 3 was due to movement of the infants during the scan, which resulted in motion related artifacts. The vital signs of all infants showed stable before and after imaging, with heart rate of (126.8±12.9) beats per minute, breathe of (38.2±6.8) times per minute. It was found that 47 cases showed no sign of temperature raise after brain MRI, 15 cases had less than 0.3 ℃ raise and 4 cases had 0.3 ℃ to 0.5 ℃ raise. The noise recorded during the scanning process was (57.5±1.8) dB(A). One case had mild diarrhea on the day of MR scan, and the symptoms disappeared on the second day without treatment; no adverse reactions were found for the rest subjects.Conclusion:Dedicated neonatal-infant 0.35 T brain MRI system allows data acquisition with high safety and excellent image quality, which has potentials in the clinical applications.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of liposomal doxombicin combined with etoposide and high dose methylprednisolone (DEP) as a salvage therapy for refractory macrophage activation syndrome (MAS).Methods:Totally 38 patients with refractory MAS were enrolled in this study from January 2016 to January 2022 in Beijing Friendship Hospital, including clinical characteristics and laboratory test results before and after DEP treatment, were retrospectively collected. The efficacy was evaluated every 2 weeks according to the United States Midwest Cooperative HLH Group. Relevant samples were statistically analyzed using non-parametric tests.Results:Of 38 refractory MAS patients, 8 males and 30 females were included into this study.The median age was 30(15-69) years old. The underlying disease were adult onset Still's disease in 29 cases, Systemic lupus erythematosus in 6 cases, Rheumatoid arthritis in 1 case and Undifferentiated Connective-Tissue disease in 2. The overall response rate was 95% (36/38), including 9 patients (24%) achieved complete remission and 27 patients (71%) achieved partial remission after 2 weeks of treatment. The overall response rate was 97% (34/35), including 16 (46%) complete remission and 18 (51%) partial remission after 4 weeks of treatment(due to lack of data in some patients). The overall response rate was 97% (34/35), including 17 (49%) complete remission and 17 (49%) partial remission after 6 weeks of treatment. Patients who achieved partial remission or complete remission were actively treated for the underlying diseases after induction, and their conditions were in persistent remission.Conclusion:The DEP regimen may be an effective salvage therapy for the treatment of refractory MAS.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991146

ABSTRACT

Trace amines(TAs)are metabolically related to catecholamine and associated with cancer and neuro-logical disorders.Comprehensive measurement of TAs is essential for understanding pathological pro-cesses and providing proper drug intervention.However,the trace amounts and chemical instability of TAs challenge quantification.Here,diisopropyl phosphite coupled with chip two-dimensional(2D)liquid chromatography tandem triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry(LC-QQQ/MS)was developed to simul-taneously determine TAs and associated metabolites.The results showed that the sensitivities of TAs increased up to 5520 times compared with those using nonderivatized LC-QQQ/MS.This sensitive method was utilized to investigate their alterations in hepatoma cells after treatment with sorafenib.The significantly altered TAs and associated metabolites suggested that phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolic pathways were related to sorafenib treatment in Hep3B cells.This sensitive method has great potential to elucidate the mechanism and diagnose diseases considering that an increasing number of physiological functions of TAs have been discovered in recent decades.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001380

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Safinamide is a selective, reversible monoamine oxidase B inhibitor with demonstrated efficacy and tolerability in placebo-controlled studies and is clinically useful for patients with motor fluctuations. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of safinamide as a levodopa adjunct therapy in Asian patients with Parkinson’s disease. @*Methods@#Data from 173 Asian and 371 Caucasian patients from the international Phase III SETTLE study were included in this post hoc analysis. The safinamide dose was increased from 50 mg/day to 100 mg/day if no tolerability issues occurred at week 2. The primary outcome was the change from baseline to week 24 in daily ON-time without troublesome dyskinesia (i.e., ON-time). Key secondary outcomes included changes in Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores. @*Results@#Safinamide significantly increased daily ON-time relative to placebo in both groups (least-squares mean: 0.83 hours, p = 0.011 [Asians]; 1.05 hours, p < 0.0001 [Caucasians]). Motor function relative to placebo (UPDRS Part III) improved significantly in Asians (-2.65 points, p = 0.012) but not Caucasians (-1.44 points, p = 0.0576). Safinamide did not worsen Dyskinesia Rating Scale scores in either subgroup, regardless of the presence or absence of dyskinesia at baseline. Dyskinesia was largely mild for Asians and moderate for Caucasians. None of the Asian patients experienced adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation. @*Conclusion@#Safinamide as a levodopa adjunct is well tolerated and effective in reducing motor fluctuations in both Asian and Caucasian patients. Further studies to investigate the real-world effectiveness and safety of safinamide in Asia are warranted.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 670-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005688

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the network structure characteristics and core items of meaning in life and coping styles among college students, and provide a basis for understanding their relationships and related interventions. 【Methods:】 A survey was conducted among college students using the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Meaning in Life Questionnaire . The network analysis method was used to construct a network of college students’ meaning in life and coping styles, and R software was used for statistical analysis and visualization. 【Results:】 In the network of college students’ meaning in life and coping styles, "believing that time will change the status quo, and the only thing to do is to wait" and "trying to forget the whole thing" had the closest connection. "Learning from others to handle similar difficult situations" had the highest expected impact. "Seeking the meaning in life" and "pursuing hobbies and actively participating in cultural and sports activities" had the highest bridge expected influence. The average predictability value of all nodes was 0.775. 【Conclusions:】 Interventions aimed at "learning from others to handle similar difficult situations", "changing one’s own ideas and rediscovering what is important in life" and "changing some of the original practices or problems" may maximize the coping effect of college students. "Seeking the meaning in life" can furthest influence the coping styles, and "pursuing hobbies and actively participating in cultural and sports activities" can maximize the improvement of meaning in life.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 167-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005527

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the network characteristics of sleep quality and anxiety in first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, further understand the relationship between sleep quality and anxiety, and provide basis for intervention. 【Methods:】 Using the convenient sampling method, this paper used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) to conduct a questionnaire survey on the front-line medical staff who fought against the epidemic during the COVID-19. Network analysis was used to construct sleep quality and anxiety network, and R language was used for statistical analysis and visualization. 【Results:】 In the network of sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, "sleep disorder" and "sleep quality", "unfortunate premonition" and "inability to sit still", "syncope" and "hand and foot tingling" were highly related. "Fatigue", "dizziness" and "panic" had the highest expected influence. "Sleep quality", "sleep disorder" and "fatigue" had the highest bridge expected influence. The average predictability value of all nodes was 0.778. 【Conclusion:】 This paper used network analysis to explore the sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19 and found that there was a unique correlation path between them. Intervention against core symptoms can ameliorate anxiety and sleep problems to the great extent, and provide guidance for improving the physical and mental health.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004849

ABSTRACT

Autologous ozonized blood transfusion(AOBT) is a therapy of re-transfusion of 100-200 mL of autologous blood after shaking and agitation with appropriate amount of oxygen-ozone in vitro. The oxidation of blood through the strong oxidation of ozone can enhance the non-specific immune response of the body, regulate the internal environment and promote health. This therapy has been increasingly applied in clinical practice, while no unified standard for the operation process in terms of ozone concentration, treatment frequency and treatment course had been established. This operation process of AOBT is primarily explored in order to standardize the operation process and ensure its safety and efficacy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995756

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the morphology of hemophagocytosis (HPC) in bone marrow smears of patients with infection-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (IAHLH), and further analyse if there were differences in the clinical and laboratory features, the cytokines level and prognosisMethods:24 patients newly diagnosed with IAHLH from 2016-Dec-1 to 2021-Dec-31 in Beijing Friendship Hospital were included as study group, and 20 patients with infectious disease as non-HLH control group. In IAHLH group, mean age was 34±13 years, including 17(71%) males and7(29%) females. In Non-HLH group, mean agewas 43±16 years, including 14 (70%) males and6 (30%) females. Depending on re-checking phagocytic cell type on the initial bone marrow smear, the HPCs were divided into HPC-1, phagocytizing non-nucleated cells (mature erythrocyte or platelets), and HPC-2, phagocytizing nucleated cells. The differences in clinical presentations covered in HLH-2004 criteria, cytokines value(IL-6, IL-10, IL-18, IFN-γ) recommended in HLH-2022-China guideline, and the mortality within 1 year of diagnosis, were compared between IAHLH and non-HLH groups, between patients with or without HPC, and between patients with HPC-2 or only with HPC-1. For categorical variables, two groups were compared with the use of either the chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. For non-normal distribution continuous variables, the difference between two groups variation was performed by using Mann-Whitney U test, and for normal distribution continuous variables, the difference was by the Independent Samples t-test.Results:The positive rates of fever, hepatomegaly and splenomegalyand the motrtality in IAHLH were 100% (24/24), 63% (15/24), 92% (22/24) and 46% (11/24), respectivelyin non-HLH were 55%(11/20),0(0/20),25% (5/20),0(0/20),and the differences between two groups were all statistically significant( P<0.01), but thedifferences between groups with and without HPC and between IAHLH patients with HPC-2 or only with HPC-1 were no statistically significanlly, ( P>0.05).In IAHLH group, IFN-γ in patients with HPC-2 was 400(246, 532)ng/L, significantly higher than 146(38, 180)ng/L in patients only with HPC-1 [ P=0.02, 95% CI was 233(75.8 to 397)], andthe other test parameters and cytokines level showed no obvious differences ( P>0.05).

13.
Gut and Liver ; : 318-327, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966900

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A high-quality sample allows for next-generation sequencing and the administration of more tailored precision medicine treatments. We aimed to evaluate whether heparinized wet suction can obtain higher quality samples than the standard dry-suction method during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy of pancreatic masses. @*Methods@#A prospective randomized crossover study was conducted. Patients with a solid pancreatic mass were randomly allocated to receive either heparinized wet suction first or dry suction first. For each method, two needle passes were made, followed by a switch to the other method for a total of four needle punctures. The primary outcome was the aggregated white tissue length. Histological blood contamination, diagnostic performance and adverse events were analyzed as secondary outcomes. In addition, the correlation between white tissue length and the extracted DNA amount was analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 50 patients were enrolled, and 200 specimens were acquired (100 with heparinized wet suction and 100 with dry suction), with one minor bleeding event. The heparinized wet suction approach yielded specimens with longer aggregated white tissue length (11.07 mm vs 7.96 mm, p=0.001) and less blood contamination (p=0.008). A trend towards decreasing tissue quality was observed for the 2nd pass of the dry-suction method, leading to decreased diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy, although the accumulated diagnostic performance was comparable between the two suction methods. The amount of extracted DNA correlated positively to the white tissue length (p=0.001, Spearman ̕s ρ=0.568). @*Conclusions@#Heparinized wet suction for EUS tissue acquisition of solid pancreatic masses can yield longer, bloodless, DNA-rich tissue without increasing the incidence of adverse events (ClinicalTrials.gov. identifier NCT04707560).

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 123-126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964388

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand and analyze the epidemiological characteristics of dental caries in children and its effects on jaw function, so as to prevent occurrence of abnormality of jaw function.@*Methods@#In October 2020, 860 cases of children from 5 kindergartens and 3 primary schools in Beijing were selected by adopting the convenience sampling method. All of them received oral examination, and the questionnaire according to the fourth national oral health epidemiological survey standard, including demographic information, eating habits, oral hygiene habits, oral health care,etc. The epidemiological characteristics of dental caries in children and its effects on jaw function were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 190 children had dental caries, with a dental caries incidence rate of 22.09%. Dental caries in children s deciduous teeth or permanent teeth was related to age, residence, parents education level,whethe to eat before going to bed, whether eating sweet food, tooth brushing age, daily brushing frequency, whether parents have assisted tooth brushing, whether regular oral examination, whether parents have received oral health guidance( χ 2= 5.04 ,4.70,75.37,7.91,12.03,9.30,7.64,255.47,253.27,11.38, P <0.05). Compared with the noncaries group[(81.52±3.16, 80.54± 1.52,1.92±0.25,31.52±1.62,33.63±3.41,50.72±1.68)°], the sella nasion A point(SNA), sella nasion B point(SNB),A point nasion B point(ANB),frankfot horizontal mandibular plane angle(FH MP),skull nasion mandibular plane angle(SN MP),anteriors relationship palataplane mandibular(Ptm ANS) decreased in the dental caries group[(78.62±2.11,79.35±1.02,1.68±0.32,30.69±0.45,32.15±3.02,48.62±1.21)°](t=78.62,79.35,10.94, 30.69, 32.15, 48.62, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of caries in children was high and jaw structure abnormalities and dysfunction. It is suggested that caries prevention and control work should be carried out early to strengthen the prevention and control of oral disease education work.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 497-504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015176

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of cerebrotein hydrolysate- (CH-) on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) induced Parkinson's disease (PD) mice. Methods Totally 36 healthy male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group(Ctrl), model group(MPTP) and CH- group. MPTP was used to induce PD model in mice, and CH- was injected intraperitoneally for intervention. The behavioral function of mice was detected by pole test, the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the composition and diversity of intestinal microflora were detected by gene sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Results Compared with the control group, MPTP induced behavioral deficits in PD mice after modeling (P<0.05), after CH- treatment, the behavioral defects of PD mice were improved compared with MPTP group (P<0.05). Immunohistochemical result showed that MPTP decreased the expression of the rate-limiting enzyme TH in dopamine synthesis, and increased the expression of TH after CH- treatment. The result of microbial diversity showed that the intestinal microflora diversity of mice decreased after MPTP treatment (P<0.05). At the “phylum” level, the number of Epsilonbacteraeota and Deferribacteres decreased sharply, while the number of Verrucomicrobia increased significantly. At the level of “family”, the number of Desulfovibrionaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Helicobacteraceae and Rikenellaceae decreased, while the number of Akkermansiaceae and Erysipelotrichaceae increased, suggesting that the original homeostasis of intestinal microflora was destroyed. After CH- treatment, the number of intestinal microflora tended to be normal, which reduced the abundance of pathogenic microbiota and increased the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria. Conclusion CH- can improve the composition of intestinal microflora and the behavioral function of PD mice by decreasing the abundance of pathogenic microbiota and increasing the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1234-1241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013923

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe whether the mechanosensitive ion channel Piezo1 was involved in the senescence of atrial fibroblasts by activating β-catenin based on our previous study which found marked increase of Piezo1 mRNA in senescent atrial fibroblasts. Methods Primary mouse atrial fibroblasts (MAFs) were isolated from male C57BL/6 mice (3-4 weeks) by enzyme digestion, and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) was used to induce the senescence of cells. The ratio of senescent cells was detected by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) staining. The protein levels of Piezo1, β-catenin/p-β-catenin, senescence-associated proteins p53 and p21 in the cells treated with TBHP (100 μmol · L

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 794-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013814

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the alternative study on rat blood pressure method and HPLC method for vasopressin impurity test of oxytocin injection from biological extraction. Methods The HPLC method for the vasopressin impurity test in vitro was established and validated. The bio-extrac tion oxytocin injection samples and simulated samples were examined for vasopressin impurity by HPLC and rat blood pressure methods respectively. Results Vasopressin and adjacent impurity peaks were successfully separated by the established method. In the range of 210~13 330 IU•L -1the concentration of vasopressin had a good linear relationship with its peak area with r=0.999 9. The results of HPLC method were consistent with the biological examination method-rat blood pressure method in the current standard. Conclusions The method is proved to be specific, sensitive, and accurate, which can be used as a test method for vasopressin impurity to replace the rat blood pressure method in the current standard.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2266-2273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013662

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of scutellarein on the macrophage foam cell formation and cholesterol efflux, and the underlying mechanism. Methods THP-1 cells were differentiated with PMA, and the cell viability was detected by MTT assays. The effects of scutellarein on the cholesterol efflux and macrophage foam cell formation were evaluated by using NBD-la-beled cholesterol and the cholesterol detection kit. The effects of scutellarein on the activation of PPARγ-LXRα-ABCA1 signaling pathway were determined by molecular docking, ELISA, dual-luciferase reporter and Western blot. The effects of PPARγ knowdown on scutellarein-induced cholesterol efflux and inhibiting macrophage foaming were analyzed by siRNA interference. Results Scutellarein dose-dependently inhibited oxLDL-induced cholesterol accumulation, accelerated cholesterol efflux and significantly increased the protein expression of LXRα and ABCA1. At the same time, scutellarein could bind PPARγ and initiate its downstream LXRa-ABCAl signaling pathway. In addition, gene silencing of PPARγ not only significantly inhibited scutellarein-induced LXRα-ABCA1 signaling pathway and cholesterol efflux, but also reversed the inhibitory effect of scutellarein on macrophage foaming. Conclusions Scutellarein could promote the cholesterol efflux by activating PPARγ and initiating the downstream LXR-ABCA1 signaling pathway, thereby prevent the macrophage foam cell formation.

19.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 284-292, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982188

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epidemiological surveys on heart failure (HF) in Chinese community are relatively lacking. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and incidence of HF among community residents in southern China.@*METHODS@#Baseline data of this prospective study was collected from 2015 to 2017 among 12,013 permanent residents aged ≥ 35 years in Guangzhou, China. The same survey process was carried out for individuals aged ≥ 65 years after a three-year follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The overall prevalence of HF in community residents aged ≥ 35 years was 1.06%. Male had significantly higher risk of HF prevalence [odds ratio (OR) = 1.50, P = 0.027]. The gender-adjusted risk of HF was 1.48 times higher per 10 years aging. HF prevalence was statistically associated with atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease, hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after adjusting for age and gender (OR = 8.30, 5.17, 1.11, 2.28, respectively; all P < 0.05). HF incidence in individuals aged ≥ 65 years were 847 per 100,000 person-years. Baseline atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease, and diabetes mellitus were risk factors for HF incidence for individuals aged ≥ 65 years adjusting for age and gender (OR = 5.05, 3.99, 2.11, respectively; all P < 0.05). Besides, residents with new-onset atrial fibrillation and myocardial infarction were at significantly higher risk of progression to HF (OR = 14.41, 8.54, respectively; all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both pre-existing and new-onset cardiovascular diseases were associated with HF incidence in southern China. Management of related cardiovascular diseases may be helpful to reduce the incidence of HF.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of"leverage pry-off method"for preventing thermal injury during microwave ablation of benign thyroid nodules.@*METHODS@#From July, 2017 to September, 2019, a total of 348 patients with benign thyroid nodules underwent ultrasound-guided microwave ablation. For protecting from thermal injury during the ablation, "hydrodissection technique" was used in 174 of the patients (admitted from July, 2017 to August, 2018) and "leverage pry-off method" in the other 174 patients (admitted from September, 2018 to September, 2019). All the patients were followed up for 1 to 12 months after the operation for observation of severe complications and nodular residues.@*RESULTS@#Ultrasound-guided microwave ablation was completed in all the 348 patients. The most common severe complication associated with the ablation was voice change, occurring in 3 cases (1.7%) in "hydrodissection technique" group and in 4 (2.3%) in the "leverage pry-off method" group, showing no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). During the follow-up, no significant difference was found in the rate of nodular residues between the "hydrodissection technique" group and "hydrodissection technique" group (9.8% vs 10.9% (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The "leverage pry-off method" is simple and effective for preventing thermal injury during microwave ablation of benign thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microwaves/therapeutic use , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Burns , Hospitalization , Radiofrequency Ablation
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