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Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 102-105, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806001


Objective@#To investigate the mental health status of railway female workers and related influencing factors, and to provide a scientific strategy for labor protection regulations in railway female workers.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling was used to select 5033 female workers from Jinan, Nanning, Qinghai-Tibet, and Wuhan railway systems in China from January to August, 2016. A uniform reproductive health questionnaire, as well as the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) , was used to investigate their general information (age, marital status, education level, and family income) , work type (day shift, night shift, or work on shift) , work position, and the presence or absence of exposure to occupational hazardous factors. The score on each factor of SCL-90 and the positive rate of mental health status were calculated.@*Results@#The positive rate of mental health status was 10.6% in railway female workers. The workers exposed to occupational hazardous factors had a significantly higher positive rate of mental health status than those not exposed to occupational hazardous factors (14.20% vs 8.02%, P<0.01) . There were significant differences in the positive rate of mental health status between workers with different ages, marital status, education levels, histories of abortion, or annual family income levels (P<0.01) . The scores of somatization (1.54±0.62) and horror (1.28±0.47) in SCL-90 were significantly higher than the Chinese adult norm (P<0.01) . The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that exposure to occupational hazardous factors, night shift, overwork, and carrying heavy objects were associated with mental health problems (OR=1.797, 95%CI: 1.393-2.318; OR=0.641, 95%CI: 0.498-0.827; OR=0.586, 95%CI: 0.439-0.783; OR=0.580, 95%CI: 0.378-0.890) .@*Conclusion@#Railway female workers have lower levels of mental health than the general population and are under significant occupational stress. Exposure to occupational hazardous factors, night shift, overwork, and carrying heavy objects are associated with the development of mental health problems in railway female workers.

Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 566-571, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480809


Objective To evaluate the teaching effectiveness of applying article structure analysis to improve medical graduate students' ability to read research articles.Methods 48 medical graduate students from basic medicine school of the Fourth Military Medical University were randomly and equally divided into the experimental group and control group.In the reading ability training of scientific research papers,the experimental group used the teaching of the structure analysis,while the control group used the collective self study.Before and after the training,the two groups of students were implemented a unified reading ability test and self reading ability evaluation survey,and after the training,the teaching satisfaction survey was conducted among the experimental group only.SPSS 16 was used to analyze the correlation data and Wilcoxon for signed-rank t est.Results After training the reading ability test results showed that reading ability score (P=0.013),consumed reading time score (P=0.003) and reading efficiency (P=0.004) of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group.The two groups of students' self-evaluation of the reading ability showed that after training,the scores of the students in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group,and the differences were statistically significant (P values were less than 0.05).The experimental group students' teaching satisfaction survey to article structure analysis showed students' score in 6 survey contents were greater than 3,namely degree of evaluation was more than general,among which,the score of four survey contents was more than 4,that is to achieve satisfied or very satisfied.Conclttsion Applying article structure analysis can significantly improve medical graduate students' ability to read research articles.