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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 457-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection in the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in a real-world setting.Methods:This was a real-world ambispective cohort study (MOMENT study) (Chinese clinical trial registry number: ChiCTR2200062067). Clinical data were collected from 198 patients who received mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection as monotherapy or combination therapy at 37 hospitals from January 2022 to January 2023, including 166 patients in the retrospective cohort and 32 patients in the prospective cohort; 10 patients in the treatment-na?ve group and 188 patients in the relapsed/refractory group. Clinical characteristics, efficacy and adverse events were summarized, and the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed.Results:All 198 patients were treated with mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection for a median of 3 cycles (range 1-7 cycles); 28 cases were treated with mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection as monotherapy, and 170 cases were treated with the combination regimen. Among 188 relapsed/refractory patients, 45 cases (23.9%) were in complete remission (CR), 82 cases (43.6%) were in partial remission (PR), and 28 cases (14.9%) were in disease stabilization (SD), and 33 cases (17.6%) were in disease progression (PD), with an objective remission rate (ORR) of 67.6% (127/188). Among 10 treatment-na?ve patients, 4 cases (40.0%) were in CR, 5 cases (50.0%) were in PR, and 1 case (10.0%) was in PD, with an ORR of 90.0% (9/10). The median follow-up time was 2.9 months (95% CI 2.4-3.7 months), and the median PFS and OS of patients in relapsed/refractory and treatment-na?ve groups were not reached. In relapsed/refractory patients, the difference in ORR between patients with different number of treatment lines of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection [ORR of the second-line, the third-line and ≥the forth-line treatment was 74.4% (67/90), 73.9% (34/46) and 50.0% (26/52)] was statistically significant ( P = 0.008). Of the 198 PTCL patients, 182 cases (91.9%) experienced at least 1 time of treatment-related adverse events, and the incidence rate of ≥grade 3 adverse events was 66.7% (132/198), which was mainly characterized by hematologic adverse events. The ≥ grade 3 hematologic adverse events mainly included decreased lymphocyte count, decreased neutrophil count, decreased white blood cell count, and anemia; non-hematologic adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, mainly including pigmentation disorders and upper respiratory tract infection. Conclusions:The use of mitoxantrone hydrochloride liposome injection-containing regimen in the treatment of PTCL has definite efficacy and is well tolerated, and it is a new therapeutic option for PTCL patients.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 128-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis and its influencing factors of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to provide references for clinical treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 152 patients with DLBCL aged over 60 years old from January 2013 to June 2017 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and the log-rank test was used for univariate analysis of factors affecting the prognosis of patients, and the Cox proportional hazard regression model was used for multivariate analysis.Results:The median overall survival (OS) time of 152 elderly patients with DLBCL was 36 months (32-40 months), and the 1, 2, and 3-year OS rates were 80.26%, 61.84%, and 57.24%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the differences in the 3-year OS rates of elderly DLBCL patients with different gender, clinical staging, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Ki-67, β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG) levels, smoke history, use of rituximab and CHOP regimens were statistically significant (all P < 0.1). The results of multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that male, late clinical staging, elevated LDH, and elevated β 2-MG were risk factors for the OS of elderly DLBCL patients (all P < 0.05). The use of rituximab and CHOP regimens were the protective factors for the OS of elderly patients with DLBCL (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The elderly male DLBCL patients with late clinical staging, elevated LDH and elevated β 2-MG have a poor prognosis, and the elderly DLBCL patients treated with CHOP regimen and rituximab have a better prognosis.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 835-838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) and the differences in clinical manifestations and survival between the two main pathological subtypes of PTL.Methods:The clinical data of 52 patients with PTL diagnosed in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from January 2011 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics and survival between the two main pathological subtypes [diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT)] were compared.Results:Among 52 PTL patients, there were 12 males and 40 females, with a median age of 65 years old (34-83 years old). All patients presented with anterior cervical mass at the time of visit. MALT was diagnosed in 12 cases (23.1%). DLBCL was diagnosed in 37 cases (71.2%), of which 5 cases were double/triple expression lymphoma. B-cell lymphoma (unclassified) was diagnosed in 2 cases (3.8%). Follicular lymphoma (FL) was diagnosed in 1 case (1.9%). There was statistical difference in the proportion of patients with cervical lymph node enlargement between MALT and DLBCL patients [66.7% (8/12) vs. 94.6% (35/37), χ2 = 4.23, P < 0.05]. The 3-year OS rates of MALT and DLBCL patients were 90.9% and 73.9%, and the difference in OS between the two groups of patients was statistically significant ( χ2 = 5.11, P = 0.024). Conclusions:Pathological subtypes of PTL are related to the prognosis of patients.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 521-524, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of solute carrier family 39 (SLC39) A14 on proliferation, migration and invasion of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) OCI-LY3 cells.Methods:The human DLBCL cell line OCI-LY3 was divided into Vector group (transfected with empty control plasmid) and SLC39A14 group (transfected with SLC39A14 plasmid). The proliferation of OCI-LY3 cells in the two groups was detected by CCK-8 method, the migration and invasion of cells were detected by Transwell method, and the expression level of SLC39A14 protein and the expressions of PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway-related proteins in OCI-LY3 cells were detected by Western blotting.Results:Compared with the Vector group, the cell proliferation ability in the SLC39A14 group was increased from day 3 to day 5 (all P < 0.05).The results of Transwell cell migration assay showed that the number of migrating cells after 36 h in the Vector group was (64±4) cells, and that in the SLC39A14 group was (236±25) cells. The cell migration ability in the SLC39A14 group was increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 15.02, P < 0.05). The results of Transwell cell invasion assay showed that the number of invasive cells in the Vector group was (32±2) cells, and that in the SLC39A14 group was (127±17) cells. The cell invasion ability in the SLC39A14 group was increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 8.33, P < 0.05).The results of Western blotting showed that the expression levels of pmTOR, pAKT and pPI3K proteins in the SLC39A14 group were all increased. Conclusions:SLC39A14 may be involved in the occurrence and development of DLBCL through PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 449-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive efficacy of the established prognostic nomogram of rituximab in treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients with bone marrow infiltration.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 71 DLBCL patients with bone marrow infiltration who received first-line treatment with rituximab between January 2014 and June 2016 in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Progression-free survival (PFS) analysis was performed by using Kaplan-Meier method, and influencing factors of PFS were analyzed by using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. The nomogram was drawn with R software based on independent influencing factors of PFS from Cox regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to evaluate the effects of nomogram models predicting the PFS of patients; Bootstrap method was used for internal validation of the model. A nomogram calibration curve was plotted to compare the consistency between the nomogram model prediction and the actual PFS.Results:The median follow-up time of all patients was 48 months (12-84 months), and the 3-year and 5-year PFS rates were 39.44% and 26.76%, respectively. Age > 60 years ( HR = 1.593, 95% CI 1.379-1.840, P < 0.001), Ann-Arbor staging Ⅲ-Ⅳ ( HR = 1.444, 95% CI 1.092-1.910, P = 0.010), international prognostic index (IPI) score 3-5 ( HR = 1.648, 95% CI 1.249-2.333, P < 0.001), complicated with type 2 diabetes ( HR = 5.880, 95% CI 1.645-21.023, P = 0.006) were independent influencing factors of PFS in DLBCL patients with bone marrow infiltration. The independent influencing factors of PFS were included to establish the prognostic nomogram model. Bootstrap method internal validation showed that the consistency index of the prediction model was 0.71 (95% CI 0.69-0.78), and the ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of 3-year PFS predicted by nomogram model was 0.708, 5-year PFS predicted by nomogram model was 0.716, indicating that nomogram model had a good degree of differentiation; and the calibration curve results showed that the 3-year and 5-year PFS rates predicted by nomogram model had a good consistency with the actual 3-year and 5-year PFS rates. Conclusions:The nomogram model constructed by age, Ann-Arbor staging, IPI score, complicated with or without type 2 diabetes could be used to predict the prognosis of DLBCL patients with bone marrow infiltration treated with rituximab, which is helpful for clinicians to implement treatment strategies.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 681-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cells during the hematopoietic stem cell mobilization and its influence on the collection timing and results. Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with hematologic diseases undergoing autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization from April 2012 to March 2017 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were analyzed. Mobilization regimen used chemotherapy combined with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to monitor the number of white blood cells (WBC), mononuclear cells (MNC), CD34 + cells in peripheral blood and apheresis concentrates, and the correlation with CD34 + cells was analyzed. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to establish the threshold to start apheresis. Results:MNC (5.66±1.11)×10 8/kg and CD34 + cell count (2.15±1.20)×10 6/kg were obtained in 62 patients who received 136 times collection in total. The peak of peripheral blood CD34 + cells count appeared at day 4-5 after the treatment of G-CSF, and then it went down. CD34 + cell count in the product was correlated with the peripheral blood CD34 + cell count collected on the day ( r = 0.879, P < 0.01), and it was also correlated with the peripheral blood WBC and MNC collected on the day as well as MNC count in the product (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the ROC curve analysis demonstrated that peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl was the optimal threshold for stem cell collection on the day, 85.2% of patients reaching up to the threshold could be successfully collected at one time. Conclusions:The variation trend of peripheral blood CD34 + cell count can guide the best time of stem cell collection in clinic. Peripheral blood CD34 + cell count is the reliable index to predict CD34 + cells count in the products. Peripheral blood CD34 + cells count > 23/μl could be used as the collection threshold.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 633-636, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of chidamide monotherapy or its combination of chemotherapy in the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL).Methods:The clinical data of 40 cases PTCL patients (26 cases newly diagnosed PTCL and 14 cases relapsed/refractory PTCL) treated with chidamide between December 2015 and April 2019 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) of the patients were observed, and the adverse reactions were analyzed.Results:ORR of all patients was 70.0% (28/40), ORR of the newly diagnosed group was 80.8% (21/26), ORR of the relapsed/refractory group ORR was 50.0% (7/14). The short-term efficacy of the newly diagnosed group was better than that of the relapsed/refractory group ( P = 0.049). The ORR of prognostic index for PTCL (PIT) 0-1 score group was 83.3% (10/12), PIT 2-4 score group was 78.6% (11/14); the therapeutic efficacy of PIT 0-1 score group was better than that of PIT 2-4 score group, and the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P = 0.578). ORR of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and PTCL not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) subtype in the newly diagnosed group was 90.0% (9/10). The median follow-up time was 14.5 months. The median PFS time was 12 months in the newly diagnosed group, 1-year PFS rate and OS rate was 49.6% and 84.2%, 2-year PFS rate and OS rate was 35.9% and 57.4%. The median PFS time was 7 months in the relapsed/refractory group, 1-year PFS rate was 28.6%, 1-year OS rate was 49.0%. There was no Ⅲ-Ⅳ neutropenia and Ⅲ-Ⅳ gastrointestinal reaction in the chidamide monotherapy group; the incidence of Ⅲ-Ⅳdegree neutropenia was 39.4% (13/33) in the chidamide combined with chemotherapy. The incidence of Ⅲ-Ⅳ degree gastrointestinal response rate was 27.3% (9/33), and there was no Ⅲ-Ⅳ degree of liver and kidney dysfunction. Conclusion:Chidamide has good short-term efficacy in newly treated or relapsed/refractory PTCL patients. All patients are well tolerated with chidamide monotherapy or its combination of chemotherapy.

8.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 165-169, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of infused CD34 + cell count on hematopoietic recovery and prognosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients after autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APBSCT). Methods:The data of 60 NHL patients who underwent APBSCT from May 2010 to May 2016 in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shanxi Medical University was retrospectively analyzed, including 32 B-NHL patients and 28 T-NHL patients. The patients were grouped according to the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) threshold, and the hematopoietic reconstruction after transplantation was analyzed. The relationship between the infused CD34 + cell count and prognosis was analyzed. The prognostic factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:The CD34 + cell count threshold was determined to be 4.35×10 6/kg based on ROC. In CD34 + cell count≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group (20 cases) and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group (40 cases), the granulocyte recovery time was (9.9±1.2) d and (12.5±3.7) d ( P = 0.031), and the platelet recovery time was (9.4±1.7) d and (13.8±2.9) d ( P = 0.012). The 3-year overall survival(OS) rates in CD34 + cell count ≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group were 85.0% and 55.0% ( P = 0.024), and the 3-year PFS rates were 85.0% and 57.5% ( P = 0.016). In B-NHL patients, the 3-year PFS rates in CD34 + cell count ≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group (11 cases) and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group (21 cases) were 81.8% and 42.9% ( P = 0.037), respectively. In T-NHL patients, the 3-year OS rates in CD34 + cell count ≥ 4.35×10 6/kg group (9 cases) and CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg group (19 cases) were 77.8% and 36.8% ( P = 0.049), respectively. Univariate survival analysis showed that the predictive factors of both OS and PFS included age > 60 years old, Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, international prognostic index (IPI) score > 2 and infused CD34 + cell count < 4.35×10 6/kg (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that IPI score and infused CD34 + cell count were both independent predictive factors of PFS ( RR = 0.333, 95% CI 0.112-0.994, P = 0.049; RR = 0.190, 95% CI 0.047-0.773, P = 0.020), and IPI score was an independent predictive factor of OS ( RR = 0.095, 95% CI 0.011-0.837, P = 0.034). Conclusion:The infused CD34 + cell count affects the hematopoietic reconstruction time and component blood transfusion after APBSCT, and has certain predictive value for the prognosis of NHL patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-392, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805239

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathological features, diagnosis and treatment of myeloid sarcoma, and to improve the understanding of myeloid sarcoma.@*Methods@#The clinical data, diagnosis and treatment of 7 patients with myeloid sarcoma were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#Of the 7 patients with myeloid sarcoma, 1 was male and 6 were female. In most patients, the local compression symptoms caused by painless local masses or masses were the first manifestations. One patient had lesions involving the cervix and vaginal bleeding was the first symptom. The lesions were extensive with 19 sites involved. The positive proportion of immunohistochemical staining was 6/6 for CD43, 6/7 for MPO, 4/5 for CD117, 4/4 for LCA, 3/5 for CD34 and 2/2 for CD99. Lymphocyte markers CD3 and CD20 were negative in all 7 patients.@*Conclusions@#Myeloid sarcoma is a rare hematological malignancy. Early diagnosis and active treatment are the key to improve prognosis. Current treatments include systemic chemotherapy, surgical resection, radiation therapy, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 533-537, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798244

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the factors influencing the mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 62 patients who received autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from April 2012 to March 2017 were collected. The effects of age, gender, disease type, chemotherapy cycle, disease status, different schemes and the number of CD34+ cells in peripheral blood of patients 1 d before collection on the number of CD34+ cells and the success rate of CD34+ cells collection were analyzed. Measurement data were compared by one-way ANOVA and t test; count data were compared by χ 2 test; multivariate analysis was performed by multiple linear regression analysis.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in the number of CD34+ cells between patients with chemotherapy >6 cycles and ≤6 cycles [(2.6±1.3)×106/kg vs. (5.8±2.2)×106/kg; t = 5.221, P < 0.01], and the difference in the success rate of CD34+ cell collection between the two groups was statistically significant [68.8% (11/16) vs. 97.8% (45/46); χ2 = 8.396, P = 0.004]. The difference in the CD34+ cells yield was not statistical significance between male and female patients [(5.4±2.2)×106/kg vs. (4.5±2.8)×106/kg; t = 1.302, P = 0.198)], but the collection success rate in males was higher than that in females [97.6% (40/41) vs. 76.2% (16/21)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 5.017, P = 0.025). The success rate of CD34+ cell collection in patients with ≥10/μl CD34+ cell in the peripheral blood was significantly higher than that in patients with < 10/μl CD34+ cells 1 d before the collection[97.9% (47/48) vs. 64.3% (9/14)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.668, P = 0.001). The differences in CD34+ cells yield and collection success rate between patients with different age, disease type, disease status and mobilization regimen were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Multi-factor analysis showed that > 6 cycles chemotherapy before mobilization was the adverse factor affecting stem cell collection (b = -3.435, P < 0.01).@*Conclusions@#The effective mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells are related to the number of chemotherapy cycles before mobilization. The stem cell mobilization and collection should be conducted as soon as possible when the chemotherapy is ≤ 6 cycles and the patient reaches partial remission or above. In addition, peripheral blood CD34+ cell count should be monitored during mobilization. When the peripheral blood CD34+ cell count is > 10/μl, the collection could be started on the next day to obtain a better collection effect, so as to improve the success rate of collection.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 452-455, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756776

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mutation of mitochondrial genome in lymphoma. Methods The peripheral blood or borrow fluid 2 ml from 14 lymphoma patients in the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao between May 2016 and July 2017 were collected. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify and sequence mitochondrial DNA, and the results were compared with the revised Cambridge reference sequence (rCRS) and human mitochondrial genome database (mtDB), and then the mutation was also analyzed. Results There were 118 mutation genes, including 57.63% (68/118) in D-loop region, 18.64% (22/118) in NADH dehydrogenase 5 (ND5) region, 13.56%(16/118) in cytochrome b oxidase (CbO) region, 5.08%(6/118) in ND1 region, 3.39% (4/118) in cytochrome oxidase (COⅡ) region, 1.69% (2/118) in ND4 region. Conclusion Mitochondrial DNA mutation in lymphoma has a high mutation rate.

12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 533-537, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751438

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors influencing the mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells. Methods The clinical data of 62 patients who received autologous peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from April 2012 to March 2017 were collected. The effects of age, gender, disease type, chemotherapy cycle, disease status, different schemes and the number of CD34+cells in peripheral blood of patients 1 d before collection on the number of CD34+cells and the success rate of CD34+cells collection were analyzed. Measurement data were compared by one-way ANOVA and t test; count data were compared by χ2 test; multivariate analysis was performed by multiple linear regression analysis. Results There were statistically significant differences in the number of CD34+cells between patients with chemotherapy>6 cycles and≤6 cycles [(2.6±1.3)×106/kg vs. (5.8±2.2)×106/kg;t=5.221, P<0.01], and the difference in the success rate of CD34+cell collection between the two groups was statistically significant [68.8% (11/16) vs. 97.8% (45/46); χ 2= 8.396, P = 0.004]. The difference in the CD34+cells yield was not statistical significance between male and female patients [(5.4±2.2)×106/kg vs. (4.5± 2.8)×106/kg; t = 1.302, P= 0.198)], but the collection success rate in males was higher than that in females [97.6% (40/41) vs. 76.2% (16/21)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=5.017, P =0.025). The success rate of CD34 + cell collection in patients with ≥10/μl CD34 + cell in the peripheral blood was significantly higher than that in patients with < 10/μl CD34+cells 1 d before the collection[97.9% (47/48) vs. 64.3% (9/14)], and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.668, P= 0.001). The differences in CD34+cells yield and collection success rate between patients with different age, disease type, disease status and mobilization regimen were not statistically significant (all P> 0.05). Multi-factor analysis showed that >6 cycles chemotherapy before mobilization was the adverse factor affecting stem cell collection (b = -3.435, P< 0.01). Conclusions The effective mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells are related to the number of chemotherapy cycles before mobilization. The stem cell mobilization and collection should be conducted as soon as possible when the chemotherapy is ≤ 6 cycles and the patient reaches partial remission or above. In addition, peripheral blood CD34+cell count should be monitored during mobilization. When the peripheral blood CD34+cell count is >10/μl, the collection could be started on the next day to obtain a better collection effect, so as to improve the success rate of collection.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 88-90, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742760

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mitochondrial DNA mutation in patients with primary multiple myeloma. Methods The mitochondrial DNA of 5 patients with primary multiple myeloma in the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao from February to June 2017 were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced directly, and the results were compared with revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS) and Human Mitochondrial Gene Database (mtDB) database. Results There were 42 mutation genes, with 52.38%(22/42) mutation genes in D-loop region, 9.52%(4/42) mutation genes in ND4L region, 2.38%(1/42) mutation genes in ND5 region, 26.19% (11/42) mutation genes in Cytb region, 7.14% (3/42) mutation genes in ND1 region, and 4.76% (2/42) mutation genes in COⅡ region. Conclusion There is a high mitochondrial DNA mutation rate in patients with primary multiple myeloma.

14.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 56-58, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693443

ABSTRACT

Minimal residual disease (MRD) is a very important prognostic factor in multiple myeloma (MM).The major types of MRD tests include cell-based test (multi-parameter flow cytometry) and molecular tests (including PCR and gene sequencing),and the various techniques have inherent advantages and limitations.In clinical application,MRD negative can significantly prolong progression-free survival and overall survival of patients who receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and conventional che-motherapy.Moreover,the MRD status is of great significance to the selection of treatment options.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 473-476, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712854

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Objective To study the mitochondrial DNA mutation in leukemia.Methods Mitochondrial DNA of 16 leukemia patients in First Hospital of Qinhuangdao from February to June 2017 were amplified and sequenced by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR).The result was compared with revised Cambridge reference sequence (rCRS) and human mitochondrial genome database (mtDB),and the mutation was also analyzed.Results There were 106 mutation genes in total,including 47.17 % (50/106) in D-loop region,2.83 % (3/106) in ND4 region,17.92 % (19/106) in ND5 region,22.64 % (24/106) in Cytb region,7.55 % (8/106) in ND1 region,1.89 % (2/106) in Co Ⅱ region.Conclusion There is a high mitochondrial DNA mutation rate in leukemia patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 593-597, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708917

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prognostic value of the maximum standardized uptake value decrease proportion (△SUVmax%) on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and C-MYC gene in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL),and to find the optimal time of PET/CT imaging.Methods From September 2010 to February 2016,171 patients (87 males,84 females,average age:(50.66±2.56) years)with pathologically confirmed DLBCL were analyzed.18F-FDG PET/CT were performed before and after different courses of chemotherapy (60 patients in early phase which means 1 and 2 courses;55 patients in medium phase,3 and 4 courses;56 patients in late phase,5 and 6 courses).The region of interest (ROI) was drawn and the △SUVmax% was calculated.Patients were evaluated with Deauville 5-point scale.Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was employed to detect C-MYC gene.Patients were followed up for 6-71 months,and progression-free survival (PFS) was calculated.x2 test,one-way analysis of variance,Kaplan-Meier analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were used to analyze the data.Results There were 42 C-MYC gene rearrangement of 171 DLBCL patients.Age,Ann Arbor stage,international prognostic index (IPI) score,serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level and therapeutic response were different between patients with C-MYC gene rearrangement and those without rearrangement (x2:6.139-98.339,all P<0.05).The optimum cutoff values of the △SUVmax% were 62.5%,87.0% and 92.0% respectively in the early,medium and late phases of chemotherapy.Patients with △SUVmax% ≥≥ 62.5%,≥ 87.0% or ≥ 92.0% and normal C-MYC gene showed longer PFS (x2 values:21.983-61.899,all P<0.001).The △SUVmax% was negatively correlated with C-MYC gene rearrangement (rs =-0.801,P < 0.001).Significant differences were found in △SUVmax% (F=6.509,P<0.01) and Deauville 5-point scale (F=19.897,P<0.001) among patients in early,medium and late phases.No Significant differences were shown between medium and late phases (P>0.05).Conclusion △SUVmax% in the different phases of chemotherapy and C-MYC gene rearrangemeut have better values for predicting the prognosis of DLBCL,and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging should be performed between 1 course and 4 courses of chemotherapy.

17.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 633-637, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657252

ABSTRACT

At present,immunotherapies for lymphoma are becoming gradually important.Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells therapy,bispecific antibody and immune-checkpoint inhibitor are considered as breakthrough treatments,each has its own unique mechanism,and more advanced treatments will be developed based on them.

18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 633-637, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659116

ABSTRACT

At present,immunotherapies for lymphoma are becoming gradually important.Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells therapy,bispecific antibody and immune-checkpoint inhibitor are considered as breakthrough treatments,each has its own unique mechanism,and more advanced treatments will be developed based on them.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1017-1023, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809710

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of IA regimen which contains idarubicin (IDA) 8 mg/m2, 10 mg/m2 or 12 mg/m2 as induction chemotherapy for adult patients with de-novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) .@*Methods@#A total of 1 215 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, ranging from May 2011 to March 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and other 36 clinical blood centers in China were enrolled in the multicenter, single-blind, non-randomized, clinical controlled study. To compare the response rate of complete remission (CR) , adverse events between different dose idarubicin combined with cytarabine (100 mg/m2) as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed patients of adult AML.@*Results@#Of 1 207 evaluable AML patients were assigned to this analysis of CR rate. The CR rates of IDA 8 mg/m2 group, IDA 10 mg/m2 group and IDA 12 mg/m2 group were 73.6% (215/292) , 84.1% (662/787) and 86.7% (111/128) , respectively (P<0.001) . After adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow, FAB classification and risk stratification, the odds ratios (95% CI) of IDA 10 mg/m2 group and IDA 12 mg/m2 group were 0.49 (0.34-0.70) and 0.36 (0.18-0.71) , as compared with the IDA 8 mg/m2 group (P<0.001, P=0.003) . In the intermediate and favorable groups, CR rates was 76.5% (163/213) , 86.9% (506/582) and 86.1% (68/79) in different doses of IDA (P=0.007) . Interestingly, IA regimen with IDA 10 mg/m2 was the only beneficial factor affecting CR in this group after adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow and FAB classification[OR=0.47 (95% CI 0.31-0.71) , P<0.001]. CR rates in adverse group was 50.0% (18/36) , 60.6% (43/71) and 81.8% (18/22) respectively (P=0.089) . However, the odds ratios (95% CI) of IDA 12 mg/m2 when compared with the IDA 8 mg/m2 was 0.22 (0.06-0.80) , after adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow and FAB classification. The median time (days) of neutrophil count less than 0.5×109/L in IDA 8 mg/m2 group, IDA 10 mg/m2 group and IDA 12 mg/m2 group were 14 (11-18) , 15 (11-20) and 18 (14-22) , respectively (P=0.012) and of platelet count lower than 20×109/L were 14 (7-17) , 15 (11-20) and 17 (15-21) , respectively (P=0.001) . The incidences of lung infection in the three groups were 9.8%, 13.5% and 25.2%, respectively (P<0.001) .@*Conclusions@#For young adult patients (aged 18-60 years) with AML in China, intensifying induction therapy with idarubicin 10 mg/m2 is clinically superior to IDA 8 mg/m2 and IDA 12 mg/m2 in favorable intermediate AML subgroup. However, idarubicin 12 mg/m2 is more suitable to adverse AML subgroup.

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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 828-833, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607734

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effect of neutrophil?to?lymphocyte ratio ( NLR) on the recurrence rate of patients with alpha?fetoprotein (AFP) ?negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the value of NLR in predicting prognosis. Methods The clinical data of seventy?seven patients diagnosed with AFP?negative HCC and treated with hepatocellular carcinoma surgery in the First Hospital in Weinan from June 2015 to March 2017 were analyzed. According to the recurrence at the end of the follow?up, the patients were divided into the recurrence group and the non?recurrence group. Cox single factor analysis was used to analyze the relationship between the clinicopathological features and postoperative recurrence, and the clinical risk factors with statistically significance in the univariate analysis were placed in the Cox multivariate regression analysis to determine whether it is independent risk factor. Results The differences between the two groups in the number of tumors (31/15,28/3),tumor size (>5 cm) (5. 53±1. 83,4. 65±1. 73),portal vein tumor thrombus (18/28,2/29),microvascular invasion (14/32,2/29) were all statistically significant (P5 cm ) ( RR=0. 550, 95%CI 0. 316-0. 956, P=0. 038),portal vein tumor thrombus (RR=1. 294,95%CI 1. 208-1. 386,P=0. 022),microvascular invasion (RR=1. 575,95%CI1. 209-2. 052,P=0. 028) were the risk factors of postoperative recurrence. Cox regression model showed that tumor number (RR=1. 830,95%CI 1. 184-2. 828,P=0. 026),portal vein tumor thrombus ( RR=2. 860,95%CI 2. 062-3. 968,P=0. 001) ,microvascular invasion ( RR=1. 760,95%CI 1. 019-3. 041,P=0. 037) and preoperative NLR level ( RR=1. 890,95%CI 1. 056-3. 383,P=0. 028) were independent risk factors of the recurrence in AFP negative HCC patients after surgery. Among the 77 patients,46 cases were in the recurrent group, the average value of NLR was 3. 49 ± 0. 30, and the average preoperative NLR of the non?recurrence group ( 31 patients ) were 3. 01 ± 0. 30, the difference between the two groups in NLR value was statistically significant (t=-6. 885,P=0. 000). According to the ROC curve,the NLR=3. 17 corresponded to the maximum Youden index,the sensitivity of NLR was 82. 6%,the specificity was 67. 7%. Conclusion The preoperative NLR level is inversely proportional to the recurrence?free survival time of patients with AFP?negative HCC,which is one of the independent risk factors for recurrence. The optimal critical value of NLR is 3. 17.

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