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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1472-1477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and prognostic characteristics of primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 11q23/KMT2A rearrangements.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 90 patients with primary AML and 11q23/KMT2A rearrangements were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#By karyotyping analysis, 80 of the 90 patients had translocations involving 11q23/KMT2A, with t(9;11)(p22;q23), t(6;11)(q27;q23), t(10;11)(p12;q23) and t(11;19)(q23;p13) being the most common ones, while 10 cases were found to have non-translocation abnormalities. The overall complete remission (CR) rate was 75.6%, and patients with t(6;11) had lower CR rate compared with non-t(6;11) patients (47.1% vs. 82.2%, P = 0.005). After a median follow-up of 24.5 months, the patients receiving allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) had significantly higher 3-year overall survival (OS) (80.3% vs. 16.6%, P < 0.001) and 3-year event-free survival (EFS) (73.5% vs. 16.3%, P < 0.001) compared with non-transplant patients. Patients with t(6;11) had the lowest 3-year OS (11.8% vs. 56.0%, P < 0.001) and 3-year EFS (5.9% vs. 53.8%, P < 0.001) compared with other type of abnormalities. No significant difference was noted in the survival between patients with t(9;11) and non-t(9;11) regardless whether they had received HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics of primary AML with 11q23/KMT2A rearrangements are heterogeneous. Patients did not receive HSCT had poorer survival, particularly with the presence of t(6;11). Allo-HSCT could significantly improve the survival of such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Translocation, Genetic , Gene Rearrangement , Prognosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1257-1262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with limb abnormality and cardiac malformation.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of a fetus diagnosed at the Shandong Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on April 30th, 2021 was collected. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. X-inactivation analysis was carried out for the female members of its family.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to have meningoencephalocele, absence of bilateral radii, cleft lip, abnormal great arteries, and single umbilical artery at the gestational age of 11+ weeks. Sequencing revealed that the fetus has harbored a hemizygous c.1162del (p.Y388Tfs*7) variant of the FANCB gene, which was maternally inherited. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and ClinGen, the variant was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4). X-inactivation analysis has revealed complete skewed X-inactivation in the pregnant woman and her mother.@*CONCLUSION@#The hemizygous c.1162del (p.Y388Tfs*7) variant of the FANCB gene probably underlay the multiple malformations in this fetus.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abnormalities, Multiple , Cleft Lip , Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group Proteins , Fetus , Gestational Age , Mothers
3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 266-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between the blood uric acid/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (UHR) and diabetes retinopathy (DR) in diabetic and pre-diabetic population.Methods:A cross-sectional study. The data from a health survey from 2010 to 2011 on chronic diseases and risk factors in Changping District in Beijing was used in this study. Total of 2 507 pre-diabetic and diabetic patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were screened out in this study, included 1 212 men and 1 295 women. The patients were divided into DR group and non-DR (NDR) group according to whether DR was present or not. Independent sample t-test, chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were used for case-control study to investigate whether there was independent correlation between UHR and DR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of UHR for DR. Results:There were gender differences in the relationship between uric acid related indicators and DR, no significant correlation was found in women. In males, the age, duration of diabetes,fasting blood glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), triglyceride (TG), serum uric acid, UHR levels and the proportion of diabetes and hypertension history in DR group were all significantly higher than those in NDR group (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that SUR ( OR=1.054, 95%CI: 1.004-1.106, P=0.033) and UHR ( OR=1.391, 95%CI: 1.061-1.823, P=0.017) were the relative risk factors of DR. After adjusting for age, registered residence, education level, smoking, drinking, physical exercise, waist circumference, hypertension history, SBP, DBP, total cholesterol and other risk factors, UHR was still associated to DR [ OR ( 95%CI): 1.438 (1.084-1.908), P=0.012]. The area under the ROC curve of UHR was 0.610 ( 95%CI: 0.514-0.707, P=0.030). When the cut-off value of UHR for predicting DR was 0.24, the sensitivity and specificity were the highest, which was 78.8% and 58.7%, respectively. Conclusion:UHR is significantly correlated with the risk of DR in men with pre-diabetes and diabetes, but not in women. The risk of DR increases with the elevated level of UHR. UHR is helpful to diagnose DR and screen people with DR risk.

4.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 573-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of cardiomyopathy with coronary artery disease in children and explore the application value of multi-slice spiral CT coronary angiography(MSCTA) in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiomyopathy in children.Methods:Patients diagnosed with cardiomyopathy who were hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology at Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2016 to December 2022 and had complete cardiac imaging data were selected as the study subjects.The demographic characteristics, general clinical and cardiac imaging data of the patients were collected for systematic retrospective analysis.Results:Among 93 patients included in this study, dilated cardiomyopathy was the most common(34.4%, 32/93). MSCTA detected 17 cases(18.3%, 17/93) of high coronary opening, ten cases (10.8%, 10/93) of myocardial bridge, and nine cases (9.7%, 9/93) of coronary disease were detected by echocardiography.Compared with echocardiography, MSCTA had a higher detection rate of abnormal coronary artery origin and myocardial bridge, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:Children′s cardiomyopathy can be complicated with coronary artery disease.MSCTA has great application value in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease.

5.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 566-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990561

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the clinical features and prognosis of congenital anomalous origin of coronary artery(AOCA) in children to increase our understanding of the disease.Methods:This retrospective study included children diagnosed with AOCA using computed tomography coronary angiography(CTCA) admitted to the Department of Cardiology, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2019.The clinical presentations, laboratory results, imaging analyses, treatments, and prognoses of these patients were analyzed.Results:A total of 208 children, including 105 boys and 103 girls, we evaluated the ages(9.03±4.18)years old with AOCA.Of these, 157 cases(75.5%) presented with cardiac symptoms, such as chest tightness, palpitations, dizziness, syncope, fatigue, and decreased endurance.Three cases(1.4%) had atypical symptoms of paroxysmal crying, dyspnoea and cyanosis, and 48 cases(23.1%) were asymptomatic.Levels of serological markers of myocardial injury were elevated in 59 cases(28.4%), and 140 cases(67.3%) had predominant ST-T abnormalities on electrocardiograms.Transthoracic echocardiography identified 27 cases (13%) with cardiac enlargement and ten cases(4.8%) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction.There were 126 cases(60.6%) with the anomalous origin of the left coronary artery revealed by CTCA, 50 cases(24.0%) with the anomalous origin of the right coronary artery and 32 cases(15.4%) with bilateral coronary arteries of anomalous origin.Five children underwent surgical treatment, and the remaining 203 children were treated conservatively with drugs.The whole group was successfully treated, and no death case was recorded during the follow-up period.Conclusion:AOCA may cause different degrees of myocardial ischemia.Diverse clinical presentations and diagnostic limitations of transthoracic echocardiography often lead to missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis.In contrast, CTCA has high diagnostic accuracy and can be used to identify the location and course of the coronary ostia.Hence, the management of AOCA should be tailored on a case-to-case basis, taking into consideration of the specific type of coronary origin, with surgical intervention being warranted if necessary.

6.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 35-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of radiofrequency ablation on infants with incessant ventricular tachycardia(IIVT) and heart failure.Methods:Twenty-eight infants with IIVT combined with heart failure admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2006 to December 2021 were selected, including 16 boys and 12 girls; 26 cases were treated with radiofrequency ablation.The characteristics of IIVT and heart failure and the results of radiofrequency ablation were analyzed.Results:The average age of the first diagnosis of 28 infants was 13.9 months old, and all of them had heart failure.Eleven infants had cardiogenic shock, three infants had cardiogenic syncope, two infants had respiratory failure for respiratory support, and one infant died.Color Doppler echocardiography showed that the left ventricular diameter increased and/or left ventricular systolic function decreased.Anti-heart failure treatment was effective in 27 cases(96.4%), electrical cardioversion in five cases, effective in three cases, and anti-arrhythmic drugs were effective in 17 cases(60.7%). Twenty-six cases(92.9%, 26/28) were treated with radiofrequency ablation, with immediate success in 23 cases(88.5%, 23/26) and effective in three cases(11.5%, 3/26). During the follow-up period for 3 to 36 months, cardiac function returned to normal in 25 cases(96.2%, 25/26) and recurred in three cases(11.5%, 3/26 cases), which were cured after radiofrequency ablation again.Temporary complications of atrioventricular block occurred in one case(3.8%, 1/26). In 26 cases of surgical children, 15 cases were measured by X-ray two-dimensional mapping and 11 cases were measured by three-dimensional mapping.The cumulative X-ray exposure was 87.0(51.5, 151.5) mGy and 1.2(0, 15.9) mGy, respectively, and the dose area product was 39.8(19.2, 427.8) μGy/m 2 and 2.8(0, 44.3) μGy/m 2.The cumulative X ray exposure and the dose area product were significantly reduced under the three-dimensional mapping method( P<0.001). Conclusion:The infants with IIVT combined with heart failure are prone to serious complications, and the effects of cardioversion and anti-arrhythmic drugs are limited.Radiofrequency ablation should be performed as soon as possible after heart failure is controlled.The application of three-dimensional mapping technology in surgery can significantly reduce ionizing radiation.

7.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 31-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of drug therapy on heart failure caused by supraventricular tachycardia(SVT) in infants.Methods:Fifty-five infants with heart failure caused by SVT, including 24 boys and 31 girls, were treated at Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2014 to December 2021.The drug treatment effects of heart failure caused by SVT were analyzed.Results:The average age of 55 infants at the first diagnosis was 5.8 months(1-11 months). All of them had heart failure, including three cases of atrial flutter, 23 cases of atrial tachycardia(13 cases of disordered atrial tachycardia and ten cases of monomorphic atrial tachycardia), and 29 cases of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.Ultrasonic cardiogram showed that the left ventricular diameter increased and/or left ventricular systolic function decreased.Anti-heart failure therapy was effective in 55 cases(100.0%). Anti-arrhythmic drug therapy: atrial flutter and atrial tachycardia were mainly treated by controlling ventricular rate, digitalis combined with metoprolol was effective in 21 cases(80.8%, 21/26), digitalis alone was effective in four cases(15.4%, 4/26), and sotalol was effective in one case(3.8%, 1/26); paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia was mainly treated with sinus rhythm conversion.The success rates of conversion were: ATP 20.7%(6/29), ATP combined with digitalis 26.1%(6/23), propafenone combined with digitalis 42.9%(3/7), amiodarone combined with digitalis 60.0%(3/5), and sotalol 92.9%(12/13). During follow-up period for 1 to 12 months, heart failure symptoms of all 55 cases(100.0%) improved, and ultrasonic cardiogram of 53 cases(96.3%)returned to normal.Conclusion:Anti-heart failure and anti-arrhythmic drugs for infants with heart failure caused by SVT need to be selected individually.Atrial tachycardia, especially disordered atrial tachycardia, is sensitive to digitalis.Sotalol can be used to treat refractory SVT.

8.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 17-23, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989596

ABSTRACT

At present, countries around the world are paying greater attention to the protection of medicinal plants and traditional medicinal knowledge resources, and are looking for various ways to protect medicinal plants. Many countries have established their own databases to save the medicinal plant information resources. This paper focuses on the introduction of medicinal plant databases in six countries including Malaysia, Philippines, and Singapore, and compares their basic information. It is difficult to achieve integration and sharing among these databases. It brings certain difficulties to the use of researchers in related fields. It is suggested that the construction of a multinational common medicinal plant database should be included in the "Belt and Road Initiative" to systematically organize massive information, enhance exchanges between countries on traditional medicinal plants, and achieve medicinal plant information sharing, and the establishment of a shared database will reduce optimization and maintenance to a certain extent or renewal work, laying the foundation for the protection, development and sustainable use of traditional medicinal plant resources.

9.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 343-346, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the chemical constituents of the EtOAc extract of Armillaria gallica 012m.@*METHODS@#The chemical constituents of the EtOAc extract of A. gallica 012m were isolated and purified by various column chromatography and their structures were elucidated on the basis of the 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic and HRESIMS data. Cytotoxicity of all isolates against A549, HCT-116, M231 and W256 human tumor cells was determined by the MTT method.@*RESULTS@#A new sesquiterpene aryl ester, armimelleolide C ( 1), and eight known ones including armillarivin ( 2), melleolide F ( 3), 6'-chloromelleolide F ( 4), melleolide ( 5), melleolide K ( 6), melledonol ( 7), 13-hydroxydihydromelleolide ( 8), and armillane ( 9), were isolated from the EtOAc extract of A. gallica 012m. All isolates showed potential cytotoxic activities against at least one of the human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from (3.17 ± 0.54) to (17.57 ± 0.47) μmol/L. Compound 1 showed significant inhibitory activity against M231 with an IC50 value of (7.54 ± 0.24) μmol/L compared with paclitaxel as the positive control. Compounds 2, 3, and 7, 9 showed obvious inhibitory activity against HCT-116 and were better than that of the positive control.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemical constituents including a new sesquiterpene aryl ester armimelleolide C ( 1) from the EtOAc extract of A. gallica 012m have a variety of structures and potential antitumor activities.

10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 452-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of airborne pollen in summer and autumn in Taiyuan, analyze the correlation between pollen characteristics, meteorological factors and allergic sensitization, and provide for the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in this. Methods:The gravity sedimentation method was used to investigate the types, quantities and dispersion patterns of airborne pollen in Taiyuan City from July 21, 2022 to October 20, 2022. he meteorological and patient information was collected during the same period SPSS 26.0 software. Results:①A total of 17 118 pollen grains were collected, and identified as 14 families, 10 genera, and 4 species. The peak period for pollen dispersal in summer and autumn in Taiyuan City from late August to early September. airborne pollen Artemisia(66.62%), Cannabis/Humulus(17.79%), Sophora japonica(8.18%), Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae(2.83%), Gramineae(2.11%). ②The concentration of airborne pollen in Taiyuan City positively correlated with the average temperature(5-20℃) and maximum temperature(11-30℃) within a certain range(r=0.547, 0.315, P<0.05). ③The content of airborne pollen in Taiyuan City positively correlated with the number of visits and allergen positive rate of patients with allergic rhinitis(AR) in our hospital(r=0.702, 0.747, P<0.05). Conclusion:The peak period for airborne pollen dispersal during the summer and autumn seasons in Taiyuan City from late August to early September. The dominant pollen is Artemisia, Cannabis/Humulus, Sophora japonica, Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae, Gramineae, and the absolute advantage pollen is Artemisia. Meteorological factors pollen content. Within a certain range, temperature the diffusion and transportation of pollen. The number of pollen grains the number of visits, which can serve as an environmental warning indicator for AR patients to take preventive, thereby reducing the risk of allergies.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Seasons , Pollen , Rhinitis, Allergic , Allergens , Cities
11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2338-2345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013680

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of corticotropin-releasing factor ( CRF) -expressing neurons on presympathetic neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus ( PVN) of normotensive Wistar Kyoto ( WKY) rats or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) , and to elucidate the underlying neuronal circuit mechanism of central sympathetic hyperexcitability. Methods The expression levels of CRF protein in WKY rats and SHR PVN were determined by Western blot. Meanwhile, the WKY and SHR PVN CRF-expressing neurons and presympathetic neurons were observed by immunofluo-rescent staining. Adult WKY rats and SHR were used in this study. By microinjection of Cre-dependent ade-no-associated viruses ( AAV) that specifically recognized the CRF promoter and AAV of chemogenetics into the PVN, CRF-expressing neurons expressed designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs). Human M3 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gq receptor ( hM3 Dq) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in WKY rats, while human M4 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gi receptor ( hM4Di) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in SHR. Clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) , as a designer ligand, would couple to excitatory hM3Dq or inhibitory hM4Di to regulate the excitability of PVN CRF-expressing neurons. Then the PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled by microinjection of fluosecent tracer into the intermedio-lateral column (IML) of spinal cord. Lastly, whole cell patch clamp was used to determine the effect of CNO (10 jjumol L~ ) on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents ( sEPSCs) and current-evoked firing of PVN presympathtic neurons of WKY rats and SHR. Results The expression of CRF protein in the PVN of SHR was significantly higher than that of WKY rats, and the activity and number of CRF-expressing neurons in the PVN of SHR were increased. PVN CRF-expressing neurons were expressed with chemogenetic DREADDs and PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled with fluorescent tracer in WKY rats and SHR. In SHR expressed with chemogenetic inhibitory hM4Di-mCherry of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, bath application of CNO to the brain slices resulted in a significant decrease in sEPSCs frequency, but no change in their amplitude of labeled PVN presympathetic neurons. In contrast, in WKY rats expressed with excitatory hM3Dq-eGFP of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, CNO had no obvious effect on the sEPSCs frequency and amplitude in PVN presympathetic neurons. Furthermore, bath application of CNO had no significant effect on current-evoked firing of PVN presympathetic neurons of either WKY rats with hM3Dq-eGFP expression in CRF neurons or SHR with hM4Di-mCherry expression in CRF neurons. Conclusions The activity and number of PVN CRF-expressing neurons are increased in SHR, and CRF-expressing neurons enhance the excitability of presympathetic neurons, which acts as a regulatory neuronal microcircuit between CRF neurons and presympathetic neurons in the PVN.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 141-145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970253

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of bronchial-pulmonary artery fistula and evaluate the effect of interventional closure of bronchial-pulmonary artery fistula. Methods: A retrospective case study was conducted. Fifteen children with hemoptysis who were diagnosed with bronchial-pulmonary artery fistula in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2018 to March 2022 were selected. Their clinical symptoms and chest-enhanced CT findings were recorded. The children who failed to improve after anti-infection and hemostasis treatment were treated with transcatheter embolization through microparticles under digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The efficacy and post-operation recurrence were evaluated. Results: There were 15 children, including 9 males and 6 females, aged 9.8 (3.7, 12.1) years, weighing 35 (16, 55) kg. There was hemoptysis of varying degrees before surgery. Only 2 children had decreased hemoglobin. Chest enhanced CT showed that their bronchial arteries were thickened and tortuous, including 11 cases of single vessel disease and 4 cases of multivessel disease; 11 children had varying degrees of pneumonia and 4 children had atelectasis. Except for one case effectively treated with medical therapy, the remaining 14 cases were all treated with transcatheter interventional closure with embolic microparticles, among whom 12 had their fistula completely blocked with a single operation and the other 2 children underwent multiple operations because of too many fistulas. One child had extensive bronchial-pulmonary artery fistula which failed to be blocked completely even after multiple operations. Among the remaining 13 children, only 2 patients whose fistula was considered to be completely closed had recurrence presenting with hemoptysis at 3 months and 2 years after the operation, and no hemoptysis was found after the second closure. All children were discharged without chest pain, spinal cord paraplegia, or other serious complications. Fourteen children were followed up for 1.4 (0.9,2.9) years, among whom one still has intermittent mild hemoptysis due to incomplete closure and the rest had a satisfactory outcome. Conclusions: Hemoptysis is the first symptom of bronchial-pulmonary artery fistula. For children with failed medical treatment, transcatheter closure with an embolic pellet is effective, safe and feasible, with a low recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , Pulmonary Artery , Retrospective Studies , Chest Pain , Hemoptysis/therapy , Hospitals, Pediatric
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 424-433, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of composite Sophora colon-soluble Capsule (CSCC) on gut microbiota-mediated short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production and downstream group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) mice model.@*METHODS@#The main components of CSCC were analyzed by hybrid ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography ion mobility spectromety quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-IM-QTOF/MS). Twenty-four male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=6) by using a computer algorithm-generated random digital, including control, DSS model, mesalazine, and CSCC groups. A DSS-induced colitis mice model was established to determine the effects of CSCC by recording colonic weight, colonic length, index of colonic weight, and histological colonic score. The variations in ILC3s were assessed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. The results of gut microbiota and SCFAs were acquired by 16s rDNA and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The expression levels of NCR+ ILC3-, CCR6+ Nkp46- (Lti) ILC3-, and ILCreg-specific markers were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The main components of CSCC were matrine, ammothamnine, Sophora flavescens neoalcohol J, and Sophora oxytol U. After 7 days of treatment, CSCC significantly alleviated colitis by promoting the reproduction of intestinal probiotics manifested as upregulation of the abundance of Bacteroidetes species and specifically the Bacteroidales_S24-7 genus (P<0.05). Among the SCFAs, the content of butyric acid increased the most after CSCC treatment. Meanwhile, compared with the model group, Lti ILC3s and its biomarkers were significantly downregulated and NCR+ ILC3s were significantly elevated in the CSCC group (P<0.01). Further experiments revealed that ILC3s were differentiated from Lti ILC3s to NCR+ ILC3s, resulting in interleukin-22 production which regulates gut epithelial barrier function.@*CONCLUSION@#CSCC may exert a therapeutic effect on UC by improving the gut microbiota, promoting metabolite butyric acid production, and managing the ratio between NCR+ ILC3s and Lti ILC3s.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Colitis, Ulcerative/pathology , Immunity, Innate , Butyric Acid/therapeutic use , Sophora , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lymphocytes , Colon , Colitis/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred C57BL
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2343-2351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981310

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism of acteoside against hepatoma 22(H22) tumor in mice through c-Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) signaling pathway. H22 cells were subcutaneously inoculated in 50 male BALB/c mice, and then the model mice were classified into model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups, and cisplatin group. The administration lasted 2 weeks for each group(5 consecutive days/week). The general conditions of mice in each group, such as mental status, diet intake, water intake, activity, and fur were observed. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and tumor-inhibiting rate were compared before and after administration. Morphological changes of liver cancer tissues were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the expression of phosphorylated(p)-JNK, JNK, B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Beclin-1, and light chain 3(LC3) in each tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expression of JNK, Bcl-2, Beclin-1, and LC3. The general conditions of mice in model and low-dose acteoside groups were poor, while the general conditions of mice in the remaining three groups were improved. The body weight of mice in medium-dose acteoside group, high-dose acteoside group, and cisplatin group was smaller than that in model group(P<0.01). The tumor volume in model group was insignificantly different from that in low-dose acteoside group, and the volume in cisplatin group showed no significant difference from that in high-dose acteoside group. Tumor volume and weight in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group were lower than those in the model group(P<0.001). The tumor-inhibiting rates were 10.72%, 40.32%, 53.79%, and 56.44% in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group, respectively. HE staining showed gradual decrease in the count of hepatoma cells and increasing sign of cell necrosis in the acteoside and cisplatin groups, and the necrosis was particularly obvious in the high-dose acteoside group and cisplatin group. Immunohistochemical results suggested that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p-JNK, and JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05). The results of immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and qRT-PCR indicated that the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated in the medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.01). Western blot showed that the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, and p-JNK was up-regulated in acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.01), and there was no difference in the expression of JNK among groups. qRT-PCR results showed that the levels of Beclin-1 and LC3 mRNA were up-regulated in the acteoside and cisplatin groups(P<0.05), and the level of JNK mRNA was up-regulated in medium-dose and high-dose acteoside groups and cisplatin group(P<0.001). Acteoside promotes apoptosis and autophagy of H22 cells in mice hepatoma cells by up-regulating the JNK signaling pathway, thus inhibiting tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Beclin-1 , Apoptosis , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Necrosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Autophagy
15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 493-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the path-based management mode of 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist (5- HT3RA) in chemotherapy patients, and to improve the rationality of medication in chemotherapy patients. METHODS 5-HT3RA standardized drug use control rules were formulated, with the help of medical intelligence and decision support (MINDS) system, path-based management was carried out for chemotherapy patients using 5-HT3RA in the form of whole-process information capture and prescription pre-review, and whole-process intervention was implemented on medication indications, usage and dosage, course of treatment, etc. The intervention effect was analyzed by comparing the changes in the use of 5-HT3RA without indication, unreasonable usage and dosage, repeated medication, unreasonable course of treatment, and per capita drug cost before and after the implementation of path-based management. RESULTS A total of 9 181 patients were included. After the implementation of path- based management, the proportion of unindicated drugs decreased by 0.48%, and the rate of unreasonable single dosage, unreasonable frequency, repeated medication, unreasonable treatment course (5-HT3RA still used 3 days after chemotherapy) decreased by 10.48%, 0.65%, 1.33% and 0.34%; per capita cost of 5-HT3RA decreased by 13.72 yuan; there were statistical significance (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS 5-HT3RA path-based management mode effectively improves the rationality of medication and provides a new idea for rational clinical drug use.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 257-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique for the verification of the clonalities of non-clonal cytogenetic abnormalities (n-CCA) identified by conventional chromosome banding analysis (CBA) in patients with Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data and results of karyotyping and FISH assays for 91 patients of MDS with n-CCA identified by CBA were retrospectively analyzed. In total 94 non-clonal +8, 5q-, -7/7q- or 20q- were detected by CBA, among which 43 (45.7%) were verified to be clonal abnormalities by FISH.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates for +8, 5q-, -7/7q- and 20q- by FISH were 47.6% (30/63), 25% (2/8), 41.7% (5/12), 40% (2/5) and 66.7% (4/6), respectively, with the positive cells accounting for 4% to 90% of all counted cells, with a median value of 7%. The 91 patients were divided into three groups including ≥ 20, 10 ~< 20 and < 10 based on the numbers of metaphase cells in CBA, and the detection rates by FISH for the three groups were 43.7% (31/71), 33.3% (3/9) and 63.6% (7/11), respectively, which showed no statistically difference (P > 0.05). Continuous CBA and FISH surveys were conducted for 26 patients who received supportive treatment, and the results revealed that 91.7% (11/12) of FISH-verified positive abnormalities had persisted, whereas 92.9% (13/14) of the n-CCA verified as negative by FISH was transient.@*CONCLUSION@#Nearly half of the CBA identified n-CCA have been verified as clonal aberrations by FISH, and the FISH detection rate showed no correlation with the number of metaphase cells. FISH test is strongly recommended for verifying the clonalities of n-CCA detected by CBA, and continuous cytogenetic survey of the patients with MDS is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 600-603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the impact created by the reallocation of a tertiary hospital on the neurosurgery inpatients volume in the functional core area of Beijing as the capital city, for reference to improve the healthcare resource reallocation policy.Methods:The data were obtained from the data sheet of discharged patients and the monthly report of medical statistics in Beijing. The study analyzed the average monthly neurosurgery inpatients volume, surgical beds and bed utilization rate of secondary or higher level hospitals from the core area, a tertiary hospital(hospital A), and as well as three tertiary hospitals(hospitals B, C and D)within 5 kilometers of Hospital A original location before and after the reallocation of Hospitls A. Periods of November 2017 to August 2018 and November 2018 to August 2019 respectively serve as the time frame before and after the relocation of Hospital A.Results:After the reallocation, the average monthly total inpatients volume, inpatients volume from other places, and local inpatients volume of neurosurgery at secondary or higher level hospitals in the core area decreased from 2 238, 1 610 and 628 to 1 526, 996 and 530 respectively. The inpatients volume changes were all statistically different( P<0.001). The number of neurosurgery inpatients in Hospital A and Hospital B increased from 983 and 659 to 1 316 and 934 respectively, as well as the number of neurosurgery inpatients in Hospital C and Hospital D did not change much. After the relocation of Hospital A, the number of surgical beds in secondary or higher level hospitals in the core area was reduced from 5 213 to 4 782, while that of Hospital A increased from 557 to 750, while the other three tertiary hospitals remained unchanged. The changes of bed utilization rate of the 4 hosptials were all less than 7.00%. Conclusions:After the reallocation Hospital A, the neurosurgery inpatient volume in the core area decreased, which was mainly contributed by the decrease of patients from other places, suggesting a positive outcome by the reallocation of healthcare resources in Beijing. On the other hand, it is necessary to study the influence of alternative medical resources on the reallocation effect.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 53-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014172

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether CTSB is involved in hypoxia-induced injury of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells.Methods A hypoxia-induced endothelial cell injury model was used.Cardiac microvascular endothelial cells were isolated from CTSB gene knockout mice.CTSB was overexpressed by adenovirus delivery system, and bafilomycin was used to block autophagy.ELISA was used to detect the release of inflammatory factors.Tunel staining was used to detect the number of cell apoptosis.caspase-3 kit was used to detect the activity of cell caspase-3.Cells were infected with LC3-GFP-mCherry double-labeled adenovirus todetect cell autophagy flow.Results CTSB gene knockout could significantly aggravate the inflammation and apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by hypoxia, and increased autophagy.Overexpression of CTSB reduced the inflammation and apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by hypoxia, and increased autophagy.But bafilomycin treatment could significantly offset the inhibitory effect of CTSB overexpression on cell inflammation and apoptosis and the protective effect on cell autophagy.Conclusions CTSB knockout aggravates inflammation and apoptosis induced by hypoxia in endothelial cells; while the overexpression of CTSB ameliorates endothelial cell injury induced by hypoxia.CTSB maintains normal autophagy degradation in endothelial cells.BAF blocks the protective effect of CTSB on endothelial cells by inhibiting autophagy degradation.

19.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 312-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930853

ABSTRACT

Infant tachycardia is a critical disease, mainly with supraventricular tachycardia and ventricular tachycardia.The treatment of tachycardia in infant is quite different from that of older children, and there is no relevant guidelines at present.Drug therapy in the acute stage of supraventricular tachycardia and atrial fluttery is mainly intravenous adenosine injection.Digoxin is widely used in neonates.Propranolol is the first choice for prophylactic treatment, and landilolol is in the development stage.Ventricular tachycardia can be spontaneously subsided, the treatment is dominated by intravenous lidocaine.For non-drug therapy, heart cardioerter is the emergency treatment for serious rapid arrhythmia.Radiofrequency ablation is used in infants with more severe conditions and where the onset of tachycardia can not be controlled.Bury cardioverter-defibrillator is effective in preventing infant ion channel disease complicated with malignant ventricular tachycardia induced sudden cardiac death.Subcutaneous implantion of a defibrillator may be superior to intravenous implantation in infants and young children.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 586-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish HPLC finger print of Leonurus japonicus granules,and to determine the contents of 4 index components such as leonurine hydrochloride ,ferulic acid ,rutin,hyperoside. METHODS The determination was performed on Inertsil TM ODS-3 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid solution (B)in the form of gradient elution;the flow rate was 1.0 mL/min,the detection wavelength was 280 nm,the column temperature was 25 ℃,and the sample size was 5 µL. Similarity Evaluation System of Chromatogram Fingerprint of TCM (2012 edition)was used for establishing the HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of L. japonicus granules and analyzing their similarities. By comparing with HPLC fingerprints of reference substance ,the common peaks were identified. SPSS 25.0 and SIMCA 13.0 software were used for cluster analysis and principal component analysis ;the above HPLC method was used for the content determination of 4 index components in L. japonicus granules such as leonurine hydrochloride ,ferulic acid ,rutin,hyperoside. RESULTS HPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of L. japonicus granules were established ,and 16 common peaks were matched ,and 4 peaks identified were leonurine hydrochloride (peak 6),ferulic acid (peak 13),rutin(peak 14),hyperoside(peak 16);the similarities of 10 batches of samples were all higher than 0.970. The 10 batches of samples could be divided into four categories by cluster analysis and principal component analysis;the classification results were consistent. The contents of leonurine hydrochloride ,ferulic acid ,rutin and hyperoside were 122.10-138.82 μ g/g,9.33-10.45 μ g/g,14.12-18.95 μ g/g,5.87-8.06 μ g/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS Established HPLC fingerprint of L. japonicus granules and the method for the content determination of 4 index components are simple and easy to operate,and have high precision and good repeatability ,which provide reference for the quality evaluation of L. japonicus granules.

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