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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 173-184, feb. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528836

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 1 (CLCA1) is associated with cancer progression. The expression and immunologic function of CLCA1 in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) remain unclear. In this investigation, the expression of CLCA1 in STAD tissues and its involvement in the progression and immune response of STAD were examined using databases such as cBioPortal, TISIDB, and UALCAN. In order to validate the expression level of CLCA1 protein in gastric adenocarcinoma, thirty clinical tissue specimens were gathered for immunohistochemical staining. The findings indicated a downregulation of CLCA1 in STAD patients, which was correlated with race, age, cancer grade, Helicobacter pylori infection, and molecular subtype. Through the examination of survival analysis, it was identified that diminished levels of CLCA1 within gastric cancer cases were linked to decreased periods of post-progression survival (PPS), overall survival (OS), and first progression (FP) (P<0.05). The CLCA1 mutation rate was lower in STAD, but the survival rate was higher in the variant group. The correlation between the expression level of CLCA1 and the levels of immune infiltrating cells in STAD, as well as the immune activating molecules, immunosuppressive molecules, MHC molecules, chemokines, and their receptor molecules, was observed. Gene enrichment analysis revealed that CLCA1 may be involved in STAD progression through systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), proteasome, cell cycle, pancreatic secretion, and PPAR signaling pathways. In summary, CLCA1 is anticipated to function as a prognostic marker for patients with STAD and is linked to the immunization of STAD.


El regulador 1 del canal de cloruro activado por calcio (CLCA1) está asociado con la progresión del cáncer. La expresión y la función inmunológica de CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma de estómago (STAD) aún no están claras. En esta investigación, se examinó la expresión de CLCA1 en tejidos STAD y su participación en la progresión y respuesta inmune de STAD utilizando bases de datos como cBioPortal, TISIDB y UALCAN. Para validar el nivel de expresión de la proteína CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma gástrico, se recolectaron treinta muestras de tejido clínico para tinción inmunohistoquímica. Los hallazgos indicaron una regulación negativa de CLCA1 en pacientes con STAD, que se correlacionó con la raza, la edad, el grado del cáncer, la infección por Helicobacter pylori y el subtipo molecular. Mediante el examen del análisis de supervivencia, se identificó que los niveles reducidos de CLCA1 en los casos de cáncer gástrico estaban relacionados con períodos reducidos de supervivencia posterior a la progresión (PPS), supervivencia general (OS) y primera progresión (FP) (P <0,05). La tasa de mutación CLCA1 fue menor en STAD, pero la tasa de supervivencia fue mayor en el grupo variante. Se observó la correlación entre el nivel de expresión de CLCA1 y los niveles de células inmunes infiltrantes en STAD, así como las moléculas activadoras inmunes, moléculas inmunosupresoras, moléculas MHC, quimiocinas y sus moléculas receptoras. El análisis de enriquecimiento genético reveló que CLCA1 puede estar involucrado en la progresión de STAD a través del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), el proteasoma, el ciclo celular, la secreción pancreática y las vías de señalización de PPAR. En resumen, se prevé que CLCA1 funcione como un marcador de pronóstico para pacientes con STAD y está vinculado a la inmunización de STAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Survival Analysis , Chloride Channels/genetics , Chloride Channels/immunology , Computational Biology , Mutation
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1764-1774, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528797

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a prevalent disease worldwide, known for its high mortality and morbidity rates. Despite this, the extent of investigation concerning the correlation between COAD's CLCA1 expression and immune cell infiltration remains insufficient. This study seeks to examine the expression and prognosis of CLCA1 in COAD, along with its relationship to the tumor immune microenvironment. These findings will offer valuable insights for clinical practitioners and contribute to the existing knowledge in the field. In order to evaluate the prognostic significance of CLCA1 in individuals diagnosed with colorectal cancers, we conducted a comprehensive analysis using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models along with receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. This study was performed on the patient data of COAD obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Nomograms were developed to anticipate CLCA1 prognostic influence. Furthermore, the CLCA1 association with tumor immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) response, interaction network, and functional analysis of CLCA1-related genes was analyzed. We found that Colon adenocarcinoma tissues significantly had decreased CLCA1 expression compared to healthy tissues. Furthermore, the study revealed that the group with high expression of CLCA1 demonstrated a significantly higher overall survival rate (OS) as compared to the group with low expression. Multivariate and Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed the potential of CLCA1 as a standalone risk factor for COAD. These results were confirmed using nomograms and ROC curves. In addition, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and functional gene enrichment showed that CLCA1 may be associated with functional activities such as pancreatic secretion, estrogen signaling and cAMP signaling, as well as with specific immune cell infiltration. Therefor, as a new independent predictor and potential biomarker of COAD, CLCA1 plays a crucial role in the advancement of colon cancer.


El adenocarcinoma de colon (COAD) es una enfermedad prevalente a nivel mundial, conocida por sus altas tasas de mortalidad y morbilidad. Sin embargo, el alcance de la investigación sobre la correlación entre la expresión de CLCA1 de COAD y la infiltración de células inmunes sigue siendo insuficiente. Este estudio busca examinar la expresión y el pronóstico de CLCA1 en COAD, junto con su relación con el microambiente inmunológico del tumor. Estos hallazgos ofrecerán conocimientos valiosos para los profesionales clínicos y contribuirán al conocimiento existente en el campo. Para evaluar la importancia de pronóstico de CLCA1 en personas diagnosticadas con cáncer colorrectal, realizamos un análisis exhaustivo utilizando modelos de regresión de Cox univariados y multivariados junto con un análisis de la curva característica operativa del receptor (ROC). Este estudio se realizó con los datos de pacientes de COAD obtenidos de la base de datos The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Se desarrollaron nomogramas para anticipar la influencia pronóstica de CLCA1. Además, se analizó la asociación de CLCA1 con la infiltración inmunitaria tumoral, los puntos de control inmunitarios, la respuesta de bloqueo de los puntos de control inmunitarios (ICB), la red de interacción y el análisis funcional de genes relacionados con CLCA1. Descubrimos que los tejidos de adenocarcinoma de colon tenían una expresión significativamente menor de CLCA1 en comparación con los tejidos sanos. Además, el estudio reveló que el grupo con alta expresión de CLCA1 demostró una tasa de supervivencia general (SG) significativamente mayor en comparación con el grupo con baja expresión. El análisis de regresión de Cox multivariado y univariado reveló el potencial de CLCA1 como factor de riesgo independiente de COAD. Estos resultados se confirmaron mediante nomogramas y curvas ROC. Además, el análisis de la red de interacción proteína- proteína (PPI) y el enriquecimiento de genes funcionales mostraron que CLCA1 puede estar asociado con actividades funcionales como la secreción pancreática, la señalización de estrógenos y la señalización de AMPc, así como con la infiltración de células inmunes específicas. Por lo tanto, como nuevo predictor independiente y biomarcador potencial de COAD, CLCA1 desempeña un papel crucial en el avance del cáncer de colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Colonic Neoplasms/immunology , Chloride Channels/immunology , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Regression Analysis , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Computational Biology
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994805

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a sleep breathing disorder caused by obstruction of the upper airway during sleep from various causes. At present, the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS are insufficient. OSAHS causes cognitive decline due to excessive oxidative stress and inflammatory response caused by sleep breathing disorder, and its alteration of the brain gray matter area may be related to cognitive dysfunction. This review investigates the correlation between cognitive dysfunction and brain gray matter areas changes in OSAHS, and elucidates the underlying mechanisms, which provide a theoretical basis for early clinical diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 302-306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971266

ABSTRACT

Neoadjuvant therapy has been widely applied in the treatment of rectal cancer, which can shrink tumor size, lower tumor staging and improve the prognosis. It has been the standard preoperative treatment for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. The efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy for rectal cancer patients varies between individuals, and the results of tumor regression are obviously different. Some patients with good tumor regression even achieve pathological complete response (pCR). Tumor regression is of great significance for the selection of surgical regimes and the determination of distal resection margin. However, few studies focus on tumor regression patterns. Controversies on the safe distance of distal resection margin after neoadjuvant treatment still exist. Therefore, based on the current research progress, this review summarized the main tumor regression patterns after neoadjuvant therapy for rectal cancer, and classified them into three types: tumor shrinkage, tumor fragmentation, and mucin pool formation. And macroscopic regression and microscopic regression of tumors were compared to describe the phenomenon of non-synchronous regression. Then, the safety of non-surgical treatment for patients with clinical complete response (cCR) was analyzed to elaborate the necessity of surgical treatment. Finally, the review studied the safe surgical resection range to explore the safe distance of distal resection margin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Margins of Excision , Treatment Outcome , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Rectum/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 777-783, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985822

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of extending the waiting time on tumor regression after neoadjuvant chemoradiology (nCRT) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Methods: Clinicopathological data from 728 LARC patients who completed nCRT treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital, Naval Medical University from January 2012 to December 2021 were collected for retrospective analysis. The primary research endpoint was the sustained complete response (SCR). There were 498 males and 230 females, with an age (M(IQR)) of 58 (15) years (range: 22 to 89 years). Logistic regression models were used to explore whether waiting time was an independent factor affecting SCR. Curve fitting was used to represent the relationship between the cumulative occurrence rate of SCR and the waiting time. The patients were divided into a conventional waiting time group (4 to <12 weeks, n=581) and an extended waiting time group (12 to<20 weeks, n=147). Comparisons regarding tumor regression, organ preservation, and surgical conditions between the two groups were made using the t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, or χ2 test as appropriate. The Log-rank test was used to elucidate the survival discrepancies between the two groups. Results: The SCR rate of all patients was 21.6% (157/728). The waiting time was an independent influencing factor for SCR, with each additional day corresponding to an OR value of 1.010 (95%CI: 1.001 to 1.020, P=0.031). The cumulative rate of SCR occurrence gradually increased with the extension of waiting time, with the fastest increase between the 9th to <10th week. The SCR rate in the extended waiting time group was higher (27.9%(41/147) vs. 20.0%(116/581), χ2=3.901, P=0.048), and the organ preservation rate during the follow-up period was higher (21.1%(31/147) vs. 10.7%(62/581), χ2=10.510, P=0.001). The 3-year local recurrence/regrowth-free survival rates were 94.0% and 91.1%, the 3-year disease-free survival rates were 76.6% and 75.4%, and the 3-year overall survival rates were 95.6% and 92.2% for the conventional and extended waiting time groups, respectively, with no statistical differences in local recurrence/regrowth-free survival, disease-free survival and overall survival between the two groups (χ2=1.878, P=0.171; χ2=0.078, P=0.780; χ2=1.265, P=0.261). Conclusions: An extended waiting time is conducive to tumor regression, and extending the waiting time to 12 to <20 weeks after nCRT can improve the SCR rate and organ preservation rate, without increasing the difficulty of surgery or altering the oncological outcomes of patients.

6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 331-339, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970699

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of topoisomeraseⅡα (TOP2α) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its role in predicting prognosis of HCC patients. Methods We used HCC-related datasets in UALCAN, HCCDB, and cBioPortal databases to analyze the expression and mutation of TOP2α and its co-expressed genes in HCC tissues. GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment of TOP2α and its co-expressed genes were identified. The TIMER database was used to analyze infiltration levels of immune cells in HCC. The impacts of TOP2α and its co-expression genes and the infiltrated immune cells on the survival of HCC patients were assayed by Kaplan-Meier plotter analysis. Results TOP2α and its co-expression genes were highly expressed in HCC (P< 0.001) and detrimental to overall survival of HCC patients (P< 0.001). TOP2α and its co-expression genes were mainly involved in cell mitosis and proliferation, and cell cycle pathway (ID: hsa04110, P = 0.001945). TOP2α and its co-expression genes were mutated in HCC and the mutations were significantly detrimental to overall survival (P = 0.0247) and disease-free survival (P = 0.0265) of HCC patients. High TOP2α expression was positively correlated with the infiltration of B cell (r = 0.459, P< 0.01), CD8+ T cell (r = 0.312, P< 0.01), CD4+ T cell (r = 0.370, P< 0.01), macrophage (r = 0.459, P< 0.01), neutrophil (r = 0.405, P< 0.01), and dendritic cell (r = 0.473, P< 0.01) in HCC. The CD8+ T cell infiltration significantly prolonged the 3- and 5-year survival of HCC patients (all P< 0.05), and CD4+ T cell infiltration significantly shortened the 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival of HCC patients (all P< 0.05). ConclusionTOP2α may be an oncogene, which was associated with poor prognosis of HCC patients and could be used as a biomarker for the prognostic prediction of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Computational Biology , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , DNA Topoisomerases, Type II/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 914-920, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957986

ABSTRACT

White matter lesions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) are common brain microstructural changes, the mechanism of which is still not clear, including decreased cerebral perfusion, oxidative stress, inflammatory damage, etc. At present, white matter lesions are mainly evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. White matter lesions in patients with OSAHS are often manifested as cognitive dysfunction such as inattention, decreased executive ability and memory loss. Continuous positive airway pressure can relieve the white matter lesions and improve the cognitive function of some patients with OSAHS. Further study on the pathogenesis and early imaging characteristics of OSAHS white matter lesions is expected to provide targets and evidence for early intervention.

8.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 870-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980033

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To analyze the laboratory microscopic re-examination results of malaria cases in Nantong of the National Notifiable Disease Report System from 2014 to 2021 by Nantong Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory, so as to evaluate the malaria diagnosis ability of Nantong Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory. Methods The blood smear and blood samples of malaria cases in Nantong from 2014 to 2021 of the National Notifiable Disease Report System were collected. Nantong Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory and Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases carried out the re-examination of municipal and provincial laboratories, taking the results of provincial laboratory as the standard to compare and analyze the re-examination results of Nantong Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory. Results From 2014 to 2021, the two-level laboratories in Nantong city and Jiangsu Province re-examined the blood samples of 297 malaria cases. The microscopic examination and PCR re-examination results at the provincial level were the same:292 positive cases and 5 negative cases. The qualitative coincidence rate between Nantong microscopic re-examination results and the provincial re-examination results was 100% (297/297), without misjudgment and omission. The coincidence rate of Plasmodium typing was 96.23% (281/292). The coincidence rate of P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malaria were 99.57% (234/235), 62.50% (5/8), 89.47% (34/38) and 72.73% (8/11) respectively. The consistency test results showed that the Kappa value of Plasmodium typing results between municipal and provincial laboratories was 0.89. The Kappa values of P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malaria were 0.98, 0.58, 0.87 and 0.79 respectively. Conclusion The malaria diagnosis ability of Nantong Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory is generally good, and it is necessary to improve the ability of Plasmodium typing.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 216-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of preoperative thyroid dysfunction on the 30-day postoperative mortality and complications in elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 349 elderly patients with hip fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Beijing Luhe Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2019. They were 108 males and 241 females, with an average age of 76.3 years (from 60 to 104 years). There were 190 femoral intertrochanteric fractures and 159 femoral neck fractures. By the preoperative level of thyroid function, the patients were divided into a normal function group of 290 cases and a dysfunction group of 59 cases. The 2 groups were compared in terms of hospital stay, mortality and incidence of complications within 30 days postoperation.Results:In this cohort, the rate of 30-day postoperative mortality was 3.4%(12/349) and the incidence of 30-day postoperative complications 14.6%(51/349). The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the preoperative general data except for the preoperative comorbidity of coronary heart disease ( P>0.05). In the dysfunction group, the hospital stay averaged (10.2±6.9) d, the rate of 30-d postoperative mortality 1.7%(1/59) and the incidence of 30-day postoperative complications 16.9%(10/59), which were insignificantly different from those in the normal function group [(10.7±7.5) d, 3.8%(11/290) and 14.1%(41/290), respectively] ( P> 0.05). Conclusion:Since preoperative thyroid dysfunction does not affect the 30-day postoperative mortality and postoperative complications in the elderly patients with hip fracture but no definite thyroid disease, routine thyroid function screening is not recommended for them.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 356-360, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753927

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between exon region polymorphism of PPP1R3A gene and schizophrenia in Uygur Chinese population. Methods PPP1R3A gene exon region DNA amplification was performed using multiple PCR targeted capture next-generation sequencing method in 528 patients with schizophrenia and 576 healthy controls of Uyghur descent, Illumina HiSeq X Ten was used for sequencing, the symptoms of schizophrenia were assessed by positive and negative symptoms scale (PANSS). Results The allelic and genotypic distributions in rs1800000 of PPP1R3A gene between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls had significant difference (P<0.05), rs1799999 in genotype frequency between the female case and control groups showed significant difference (P<0.05). Furthermore, the allelic distributions of rs8192686 between male cases and controls had significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion PPP1R3A gene rs1800000 may be associated with the development of schizophrenia in Uygur Chinese population; rs1799999 may be a risk factor for susceptibility of female Uygur Chinese schizophrenia; The C allele at rs8192686 may be associated with male Uygur Chinese schizophrenia.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 42-46, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734569

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical indicators which could be used to differentiate incarcerated stones from unincarcerated stones by comparing clinical characteristics of patients.Methods 96 patients who were diagnosed as ureteral stones treated by ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) from June 2017 to November 2017 were selected in the study.Clinical characteristics of patients were collected.The total study consisted of 62 male and 34 female patients.The patients' age ranged from 24 to 78 years old and average age was (54.5 ± 12.7) years old.There were 35 patients were diagnosed as ureteral stones with hypertension,9 patients with diabetes,85 patients with hydronephrosis,respectively.The number of patients,whose stone located in upper ureters,middle ureters and lower ureters were 49,19,28,respectively.The average of maximum stone diameter,maximum cross-sectional area of the stone,stone volume,hounsfield units of stone and maximum ureteral wall thickness (UWTmax) at the stone site were (7.75 ± 2.68) mm,(36.12 ± 24.43) mm2,(304.06 ± 303.39) mm3,(755.75 ± 318.05) HU,and (3.18 ± 1.13) mm,respectively.Percussion tenderness over kidney region were positive in 11 cases,weak positive in 64 cases and negative in 21 cases,respectively.Stone-free rate after operation were 93.8%.Patients were divided into two groups,incarcerated or unincarcerated,and statistical differences between clinical characteristics of the two groups were analyzed by univariate analysis.The differences were further compared by multivariate logistic regression analysis to find independent predictors of impacted stones.The ROC curve was used to find the optimal UWT for diagnosis of impacted stone.The accuracy of this value was evaluated and patients were grouped by this value to compare the differences between groups.Results The operation and follow-up were successfully performed in all patients.Univariate analysis showed there were no statistical significance differences in gender [(24 males and 16 females)vs.(38 males and 18 females)],age [(53.4 ± 12.3) years vs.(48.7 ± 12.7) years],previous history of diabetes (4 cases vs.5 cases) and stone location [(19 upper stones,9 middle stones,12 lower stones) vs.(30 upper stones,10 middle stones,16 lower stones)],between the two groups (P > 0.05).Among the clinical characteristics of patients in incarcerated and unincarcerated groups,UWTmax were (4.15 ± 0.94) mm and (2.58 ± 0.76) mm,previous history of hypertension were 20 cases and 15 cases,ipsilateral URSL history were 14 cases and 10 cases,hounsfield units of stone were (847.66 ± 282.39) HU and (698.65 ± 325.50) HU,hydronephrosis were 40 cases and 50 cases,maximum stone diameter were (8.67 ± 2.28)mm and (7.17 ± 2.75)mm,maximum cross-sectional area of the stone were (43.83 ± 23.65) mm2 and (31.14 ± 23.64) mm2,stone volume were (386.20 ± 296.60) mm3 and (253.04 ± 296.29) mm3,percussion tenderness over kidney region were positive in 8 cases(20.0%),weak positive in 27 cases,negative in 5 cases and positive in 3 cases,weak positive in 37 cases,negative in 16 cases,respectively.The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed UWTmax (OR =10.40,P < 0.001) at the stone site was significantly correlated with impacted ureteral stones and it was an independent predictor of impacted stones.ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off value of UWTmax was 3.26 mm.The sensitivity of the value to predict impacted stone is 82.5% and the specificity is 87.5%.Depending on the cut off value of 3.26 mm,cases were divided into two groups,40 cases were in high UWTmax (≥3.26 mm)group and 56 cases were in low UWTmax (< 3.26 mm)group.Higher UWTmax was accompanied with a higher incidence of ureteral edema[77.5% (31/40) vs.32.1% (18/56)],polyps [30.0% (12/40) vs.7.1% (4/56)],strictures[37.5% (15/40)vs.12.5% (7/56)] and a lower stone-free rate[87.5% (35/40) vs.98.2% (55/56)].The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions UWTmax can be used to differentiate impacted stones from unimpacted stones before surgery.The patients with Higher UWTmax (≥3.26 mm) was accompanied with a higher incidence of stone impacted,ureteral edema,polyps,and strictures,and a lower rate of stone clearance.

12.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 562-566, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743771

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of cucurbitacin E (CuE) on autophagy in human bladder cancer cell line T24 and further study its impacts on cell proliferation. Methods MTT assay was used to determine the proliferation inhibition capacity of CuE on T24 and western blot to check the impacts of CuE treatment on the expression of classic autophagy markers LC3A/B and p62. LC3 turnover assay and GFP-RFP-LC3 fluorescent assay were performed to determine autophagy flux. Western-blot was used to check the autophagy inhibition ability of 3-MA on CuE treatment and MTT assay and cell counting assay were used to check the influence of CuE-induced autophagy on cell proliferation with/without autophagy inhibition. Results CuE inhibited the proliferation of T24 and the IC50 in 24 h was about 0.75 μmol/L. CuE treatment increased the expression of LC3A/B Ⅱ and LC3A/B Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio (P < 0.05) , but decreased the expression of p62 (P < 0.05) , indicating the induction of autophagy. Autophagy flux was induced because of positive LC3 turnover assay and the increase of yellow and red dots in GFP-RFP-LC3 fluorescent assay (P < 0.05). CuE-induced autophagy was inhibited by 3-MA (P < 0.05). With autophagy inhibition, CuE's proliferation suppression ability on T24 was attenuated (P <0.05). Conclusion CuE induces autophagy in bladder cancer cell line T24 and the induced autophagy positively contributes to the inhibitation of cell proliferation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2706-2711, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743576

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Teach-back mission pattern in the education of elderly patients with metabolic syndrome.Methods A total of 110 elderly patients with metabolic syndrome who were admitted to the hospital from October 2015 to September 2017 were selected as study subjects and randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each by random digits table method.The control group was given traditional health education,and the observation group was given Teach-back missionary model.After 6 months of follow-up,the health literacy levels of the two groups before and after intervention were measured using the Scale on Health Literacy for Patients with Chronic Disease.The systolic blood pressure (SBP),diastolic blood pressure (DBP),body mass index (BMI),waist circumference (WC),fasting plasma glucose (FPG),glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c),triglyceride (TG),and total cholesterol (TC) levels were compared before and after the intervention of the two groups of patients.Results The cases of loss of contact and withdrawal were removed.In the follow-up period of 6 months,52 patients and 49 patients in the observation group and the control group completed the study.The scores of the observation group's information acquisition ability,exchange interaction ability,improvement of health willingness,and economic support willingness were (27.18 ±4.15),(29.63 ± 4.56),(14.63 ± 2.07),(7.85 ± 1.23) points,respectively.All were significantly higher than the control group (23.96 ± 3.83),(26.34 ± 3.87),(13.04 ± 1.56),(6.91 ± 0.93) points,and the difference was statistically significant (t =3.898-4.339,all P< 0.05).During follow-up of 6 months,the awareness rate of disease knowledge and the compliance rate of health behaviors in the observation group were 92.31%(48/52) and 69.39%(34/49),respectively,which were significantly higher than those in the control group,86.54% (45/52) and 63.27% (31/49).The difference was statistically significant (x2=8.677,7.336,P< 0.01).During follow-up of 6 months,SBP,DBP,BMI,and WC in the observation group were (135.73 ±8.53) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),(85.69 ± 8.74) mmHg,(23.76 ± 1.91) kg/m2,(87.13 ± 6.45) cm,respectively,those in the control group were (141.79±7.24) mmHg,(89.45±8.37) mmHg,(24.98 ± 2.03) kg/m2,and (90.13 ± 6.74) cm,respectively,,and the difference was statistically significant (t =2.206-3.831,P< 0.05).The FPG,HbA1c,TG,and TC in the observation group were (6.57 ± 0.91) mmol/L,(5.85 ±1.03)%,(1.71 ± 0.68) mmol/L,and (4.67 ± 0.68) mmol/L,respectively,which were significantly lower than those of the control group.The control group values were (7.24 ± 1.03) mmol/L,(6.46 ± 1.14)%,(1.98 ±0.63) mmol/L,(4.98 ± 0.72) mmol/L.The difference was statistically significant (t =2.167-3.469,P <0.05).Conclusions The Teach-back mission pattern can significantly improve the level of health literacy in elderly patients with metabolic syndrome,improve their physical and metabolic indicators,and has important implications for preventing and treating various chronic diseases and improving life quality.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1152-1155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709438

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in susceptibility to Lewis lung carcinoma and T lymphocyte subsets in the immune microenvironment between young and elderly mice.Methods Six C57/B6 mice at two months(young)and six mice at twelve months(aged)were injected with Lewis lung carcinoma cells at the dose of 1 × 106 in the left armpit to establish a murine model of lung carcinoma.The weight and tumor growth were monitored.Blood samples for routine blood tests were collected after 24 days.The proportions of CD4+ and CD8+T cells in the spleen were detected by flow cytometry,and the infiltration of CD4+,CD8+ T cells and related effector T cells in the tumor microenvironment were determined in the same way.Results The body weight of tumor bearing mice in the aged group was significantly higher than that in the young group(P <0.001);The tumor weight in the aged group(5.084±0.528)g was significantly higher than that in the young group(2.963 ±0.378)g(t =3,349,P =0.012);Routine blood tests showed that the numbers of leukocytes and subsets(except mononuclear)in the aged group were significantly lower than in the young group(P <0.05);Flow cytometry found that the effector and memory/effector CD4+T cell ratios in the spleen were significantly higher in the aged group than in the young group(P <0.001)and the expression of effector and memory/effector CD8+T cells in the tumor microenvironment was also significantly higher than in the young group(P <0.05);Quantitative expression values of IL-6 and IL-10 in the tumor microenvironment were 25090±3820 and 10670± 1793 in the aged group and 6252±864 and 3061±451 in the young group,respectively.Moreover,the expression levels of IL-6 and IL-10(t =3.925,P =0.01;t =3.552,P =0.02)in the tumor microenvironment in the aged group were significantly lower than those in the young group.Conclusions Young mice are more susceptible to Lewis lung carcinoma,probably as a result of differences in inflammation and immunity.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 41-46, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665550

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-injury and anti-inflammation protective effects of metformin in acute-liver-injury SD rat model induced by D-galactosamine and Pam3CSK4 .Methods Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with the mixture of D-galactosamine (350 mg/kg ) and Pam3CSK4 (50 μg/kg ) by intraperitoneal injection (i .p .) to construct acute liver injury model .The rats in intervention group were given PBS and metformin ,respectively .The liver and body weight were measured and the ratio of liver weight to body weight was calculated .HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the liver .Fasting serum was collected for detection of serological parameters .ELISA and RT-qPCR were used to determine the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-α.Finally , activation of MAPK signal pathway in rat liver was detected by Western blot .Results Compared with those in control group , the ratio of body weight to liver weight , serum transaminase and proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-a were all significantly increased in the two intervention groups .Meanwhile , hepatic degeneration and hepatic interstitial exudation indicated that D -galactosamine combined with Pam3CSK4 successfully constructed acute liver injury model in the SD rats.Compared with PBS group, the ratio of body weight to liver weight , hepatic damage , serum transaminase levels.and the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-a were significantly decreased in metformin-treated group.Meanwhile,the expressions of p-ERKl/2,p-SAPK/JNK and p-P38 MAPK decreased in liver tissues by metformin pretreatment,suggesting that metformin may play an anti-inflammatory effect by suppressing MAPK signaling pathway.Conclusion Metformin attenuated inflammatory reactions in SD rats with acute liver injury induced by D -galactosamine and Pam3CSK4.

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Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 758-762, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612310

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of vinblastine on abcb4 tumor resistance gene expression in early development zebrafish and lay an important foundation for multi-drug resistant antineoplastic screening in zebrafish model.Methods Zebrafish embryos of 0.5~1.5 hours post-fertilization were exposured to different concentrations of vinblastine, and then calculated the IC50 of vinblastine.Zebrafish embryos of 0.5~1.5 hours post-fertilization were treated with different concentrations of vinblastine and embryo culture medium respectively, and then observed zebrafish embryo development in 24~120 hours post-fertilization and recorded the number of death, hatch and malformation.Evaluating the impact of vinblastine on abcb4 gene expression in zebrafish with quantitative real-time PCR and whole-mount in situ hybridization by collecting zebrafish embryos exposed to different concentrationsof vinblastine.Results Vinblastine IC50 in zebrafish embryos was 3.08 μmol/L.The mRNA level of abcb4 gene in vinblastine treated embryos was significantly increased compared to blank control group.Moreover, abcb4 gene positive hybridization signals were found in the small intestine of zebrafish embryos after 120 hours post-fertilization and also found in the brain and heart of zebrafish embryos by the method of whole-mount in situ hybridization.Conclusions Vinblastine can significantly increase the expression level of abcb4 tumor resistancegene in early development zebrafish embryos, which indicates that zebrafish can be used as a tumor resistant drug screening model.

17.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 948-955, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333398

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to examine the value of ultrasonic soft markers in prenatal screening by analyzing the clinical outcome of fetuses with ultrasonic soft markers during the second trimester of pregnancy.A retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the outcome of 591 fetuses with ultrasonic soft markers from January 2015 to August 2016 in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University,China.It was found that 591 fetuses showed ultrasonic soft markers in 4927 cases with the occurrence rate being 12.0%.Among them,564 fetuses (95.4%) were delivered and the remaining 27 cases (4.6%) were aborted.Five hundred and sixty-seven cases had single ultrasonic soft marker,including echogenic intracardiac focus (n=343),mild renal pelvis dilatation (n=116),short long bones (n=72),single umbilical artery (n=31),mild lateral ventriculomegaly (n=21),choroid plexus cysts (n=19),and echogenic bowel (n=13),with the disappearing rates in pregnancy being 97.1% (333/343),77.6% (90/116),0% (0/72),0% (0/31),57.1% (12/21),89.5% (17/19) and 61.5% (8/13) respectively.The rate of pregnancy termination due to single ultrasonic soft marker was 3.4% (19/567),and that was 33.3% (8/24) due to two ultrasonic soft markers with the difference being statistically significant (P<0.05).The reasons of pregnancy termination included malformations (polycystic kidney,cleft lip and palate,congenital heart diseases,pcromphalus,hypospadias,hydrocephalus),chromosome abnormality,and stillbirth.It was concluded that single ultrasonic soft marker is usually transient manifestation in pregnancy.Without the other structural defects,single ultrasonic soft marker usually disappears spontaneously with favorable prognosis in a low-risk population.It is suggested that ultrasonic soft markers should be appropriately interpreted to avoid unnecessary invasive examination.

18.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4469-4472, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668526

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of gefitinib on early embryonic development and expression of abcb4 tumor resistance genes in zebrafish.Methods Zebrafish were adopted as experimental animals and divided into gefitinib group,mixture of doxorubicin and gefitinib group and blank group.Zebrafish embryos of 0.5-1.5 hours after fertilization(0.5-1.5 hpf) were exposed to different concentrations of gefitinib,and then embryo development of zebrafish in 24-120 hpf was observed and the number of death,hatch and malformation was recorded.The embryo mortality was calculated under different concentrations of gefitinib at different time points,and the numerical value of IC50 was calculated;Hatching rates of zebrafish embryo in 48 hpf and 72 hpf and malformation rates of zebrafish embryo in 120 hpf were calculated.The zebrafish embryos exposed to different concentrations of gefitinib in different groups were collected,and the expressionof abcb4 gene in zebrafish embryos was detected by real-time quantitative PCR.Results Gefitinib IC50 in zebrafish embryos was 16.18 μmol/L.Compared with the control group,higher dosage (20 μmol/L) of gefitinib in other two groups significantly decreased hatching rates of embryos,and had obvious embryonic lethal effects and teratogenic effects.Moreover,the mRNA levels of the abcb4 gene in the zebrafish embryos of gefitinib group were not significantly changed,whereas the mRNA levels of the abcb4 gene in mixture of doxorubicin and gefitinib group were significantly different(P<0.05).Conclusion Gefitinib has no significant effects on the expression of abcb4 tumor resistance gene in early development of zebrafish embryos(P>0.05),but it can reverse the drug resistant effects of doxorubicin,suggesting that zebrafish can construct tumor resistance model.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 997-998, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Identification of novel autophagy inhibitors for the combinational treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS MTT assay and annexin V/PI staining assay were used to evaluate the cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. Immunofluorescence staining and cathepsin activity assay were used to detect autophagy. Small interfering RNA was performed to silence the genes and Western blot assay was used to evaluate the protein express levels. Xenograft experiments were applied for in vivo evaluation. RESULTS Cepharanthine, a natural compound, increased LC3-II expression and GFP-LC3 puncta formation in NSCLC NCI-H1975 cells. Numerous yellow puncta were observed in cepharanthine- treated cells with mRFP- EGFP- LC3 transfection. Co-staining of GFP-LC3 with LysoTracker red or LAMP1 antibody suggested that cepharanthine inhibits autophagosomes- lysosomes fusion. Moreover, cepharanthine attenuated the lysosomal cathepsins maturation. We also confirmed that dacomitinib induced cytoprotective autophagy. Combined treatment with cepharanthine increased the anti- cancer effects of dacomitinib in vitro and in vivo. Besides, cepharanthine could not enhance the anti-cancer effect of dacomitinib in autophagy deficient cells. CONCLUSION Cepharanthine might be further developed as a promising autophagic inhibitor, and combined treatment cepharanthine with dacomitinib could pose as an effective strategy for NSCLC treatment.

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Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1190-1193, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661825

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate whether individualized dosage regimen based on therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is beneficial for improving the rate of pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) reaching the standard and anti-infection efficacy. Methods Totally, 36 cases in the intensive care unit ( ICU ) of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital using meropenem during January 2015 to December 2015 were collected, and divided into intervention group and control group. Results On the fourth day of administration, meropenem concentration in intervention group was significantly higher than that of the control group (22.5 μgmL-1 and 17.5 μgmL-1, respectively, P=0.007).With minimal inhibitory concentration (Cmin)>8 μgmL-1 serving as target, the rate of reaching the standard was both 22. 2% on day 2, 100. 0% and 72. 2% on day 4 in intervention group and control group, respectively (P=0.015). With minimal inhibitory concentration (Cmin) >32 μgmL-1 serving as target, the rate of reaching the standard was both 0 on day 2, 38. 9% and 5. 5% on day 4 in intervention group and control group, respectively (P=0.015). The clinical curative rate of the intervention group and control group was 83.3% and 72.2%, respectively (P=0.437), and the failure rate was 16.7% and 27.8%, respectively.Bacteria clearance rate was 88.9%and 55.5% in the intervention group and control group, respectively(P<0.05). Conclusion Individualized dosage regimen based on TDM in ICU patients is beneficial to improving the rate of PK/PD reaching the standard and anti-infection efficacy.

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