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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933447

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) and positive anti-Ro52 antibody. The clinical data of 203 ASS patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2017 to 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Demographics, clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment and outcome were collected including data of 18 patients with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD). In total, the majority were women (148,72.9%). The average onset age was (51.9±13.3) years. There were 163 (80.3%) patients with positive anti-Ro52 antibody. The positivity in women (77.3% vs. 55.0%, P=0.004) was higher, and the median time from disease onset to diagnosis [4.5 (2.0, 24.0) months vs. 2.0 (1.0, 12.0) months, P=0.024] was longer in patients with positive anti-Ro52 antibody than those negative. Compared with negative patients, patients with positive anti-Ro52 antibody had a higher incidence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) (96.9% vs. 65.0%, P<0.001), arthritis (33.7% vs. 17.5%, P=0.046), and arthralgia (39.3% vs. 20.0%, P=0.022). Higher rate of positve antinuclear antibody (ANA) (85.3% vs. 55.0%, P<0.001), lower rate of positive anti-Jo-1 antibody (32.5% vs. 50.0%, P=0.039), lower albumin level [(34.6±5.2) g/L vs. (37.3±4.7) g/L, P=0.004] and lower lymphocyte counts [(1.4±0.8) ×10 9/L vs. (1.8±0.8) ×10 9/L, P=0.014] were more common in patients with positive anti-Ro52 antibody. The presence of anti-Ro52 antibody is associated with a particular phenotype of ASS, leading to common ILD, involvement of joints, high ANA positivity, low albumin and low lymphocyte counts.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of laparoscopic myomectomy with a baseball-style suture technique in the treatment of hysteromyoma.Methods:Sixty patients with hysteromyoma who received treatment in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second People's Hospital of Hefei, China between July 2018 and July 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to observation and control groups with 30 patients per group. The observation group was subjected to laparoscopic myomectomy with a baseball-style suture technique. The control group was given laparoscopic myomectomy with a continuous suture technique. Intraoperative indices and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results:Operative time in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(98.06 ± 35.41) minutes vs. (119.39 ± 33.65) minutes, t = 2.39, P < 0.05]. Intraoperative blood loss in the observation group was significantly less than that in the control group [(28.33 ± 9.56) mL vs. (46.17 ± 13.08) mL, t = 6.36, P < 0.05]. The percentage of intraoperative needle-hole bleeding in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [16.67% (5/30) vs. 46.67% (14/30), χ 2 = 6.23, P < 0.05). The time to anal exhaust and the time to drainage in the observation group were (19.21 ± 5.77) hours and (59.07 ± 18.85) hours, respectively, which were significantly shorter than (25.39 ± 9.65) hours and (77.22 ± 27.07) hours in the control group ( t = 3.01, 3.02, both P < 0.05). The incidence of postoperative fever in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [3.33% (1/30) vs. 26.67% (8/30), χ 2 = 4.70, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Laparoscopic myomectomy with a baseball-style suture technique is highly effective on hysteromyoma. It can improve the safety of operation and has a great clinical value.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930058

ABSTRACT

NUF2 is responsible for the attachment of kinetochore-microtubules and proper chromosome segregation during mitosis. NUF2 is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, esophageal cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer and other tumor tissues and cells, and can be used as prognostic markers. Further clarifying the relationship between NUF2 and tumor prognosis can provide help for the application of NUF2 in prognostic assessment of cancers.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940615

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Didangtang (DDT) against the inflammatory cascade triggered by foam cell pyroptosis in high-glucose environment. MethodOxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 100 mg·L-1) was used to induce pyroptosis of foam cells. The control group (5.5 mmol·L-1 glucose), foam cell group (100 mg·L-1 ox-LDL), high-glucose group (33.3 mmol·L-1 glucose), DDT group (10% DDT-containing serum), and NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inhibitor group (MCC950, 10 nmmol·L-1) were designed. The cell membrane damage was observed by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. The expression of cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-1 (Caspase-1) was detected by immunofluorescence method, and expression of key proteins NLRP3, Caspase-1, gastermin D (GSDMD), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in the pyroptosis pathway was determined by Western blot. The release of IL-18 and IL-1β, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in cell supernatant was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). ResultThe expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and GSDMD was up-regulated (P<0.01) and the release of IL-1β, IL-18, MCP-1, IL-1α, and TNF-α was increased (P<0.01) in foam cell group compared with those in the control group. The expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1, and GSDMD was higher (P<0.01) and the release of inflammatory factors was more (P<0.01) in the high-glucose group than in the foam cell group. DDT and MCC950 can inhibit expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD and reduce the release of IL-1β, IL-18, MCP-1, IL-1α, and TNF-α. ConclusionDDT can suppress the pyroptosis of foam cells induced by NLRP3/Caspase-1 pathway in high-glucose environment and thereby alleviate the inflammatory cascade.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939704

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a new method for synthesizing Lewis blood group antigens, that is, the mimotopes of Lewis blood group antigens were screened by using an alpaca phage display nanobody library.@*METHODS@#We selected mimotopes of the Lewis a (lea) antigen by affinity panning of an alpaca phage display nanobody library using a monoclonal anti-lea antibody. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to test the affinity of the positive clones for the monoclonal anti-lea antibody, and the high-affinity positive clones were selected for sequencing and synthesis. Finally, the sensitivity, specificity and reactivity of the synthesized lea mimotope in clinical samples were verified by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#A total of 96 phage clones were randomly selected, and 24 were positive. Fourteen positive clones with the highest affinity were selected for sequencing. The result showed that there were 5 different sequences, among which 3 sequences with the highest frequency, largest difference and highest affinity were selected for expression and synthesis. The sensitivity and specificity of lea mimic antigen by ELISA showed that, the minimum detection limit of gel microcolumn assay (GMA) and ELISA method were 25 times different, and the lea mimic antigen had no cross reacted with the other five unrelated monoclonal antibodies(P<0.001). Finally, 30 clinical plasma samples were analyzed. The mean absorbance of the 15 positive plasma samples was significantly higher than that of the 15 negative plasma samples (P=0.02). However, the positive signal values of the clinical samples were much lower than those of the monoclonal antibodies.@*CONCLUSION@#A new method of screening lea mimic antigen by using alpaca phage nanoantibody library has been established, which is expected to realize the screening of lea mimotopes, thus realizing the application of high-sensitivity detection methods such as ELISA and chemiluminescence in blood group antibody identification.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological , Bacteriophages , Blood Group Antigens , Camelids, New World , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Epitopes , Humans , Lewis Blood Group Antigens , Peptide Library
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939703

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A dynamic gel loaded with lyophilized platelet-rich plasma-chitosan/difunctionalized polyethylene glycol (LPRP-CP) was prepared to investigate its hemostatic antibacterial and promoting wound healing of scald wounds through in vitro and in vivo experiments.@*METHODS@#In this study, normal gauze/blank tablet (Ctrl), LPRP-CP, Chitosan HUCHUANG Powder(Chito P)and ChitoGauze XP PRO group (Chito G group) were set. The hemostatic effect and promoting healing effect of the four groups of materials were evaluated by establishing rabbit ear artery hemorrhage model and superficial Ⅱ° scalded model of skin on the back. The hemostatic time and bleeding amount were calculated and the gross and histological results of scald healing were observed. The antibacterial effect of the four groups of materials was evaluated by antibacterial test in vitro.@*RESULTS@#In the rabbit ear arterial hemorrhage model, the hemostasis of all materials was successful. The hemostatic time of Ctrl, Chito P, LPRP-CP and Chito G groups was 213.33±38.30, 118.33±24.01, 115.00±8.37 and 111.67±11.69 s, respectively. The blood loss was 1233.83±992.27, 346.67±176.00, 193.33±121.47 and 147.50±80.66 mg, respectively. Compared with Ctrl, the hemostasis time of LPRP-CP, Chito P and Chito G group was significantly shorter (P<0.001), and the amount of blood loss of LPRP-CP and Chito G group was decreased (P<0.05). Compared with LPRP-CP, there were no significant differences in hemostatic time and blood loss between Chito P and Chito G group (P>0.05). In the model of superficial Ⅱ° scalded on the back of rabbit, the wound healing rate of LPRP-CP was faster than that of the other three groups at the same time, and the healing effect was perfect. In the antibacterial test in vitro, only LPRP-CP had better anti-S. aureus effect, and all groups had no anti-E. coli effect.@*CONCLUSION@#LPRP-CP is an excellent hemostatic material for superficial wounds, and has certain antibacterial and wound healing effects, which has a wide academic value and research prospects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Humans , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 180-185, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928549

ABSTRACT

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has shown promising results in patients with locally advanced penile cancer. However, no consensus exists on its applications for locally advanced penile cancer. Thus, it is unclear which kind of chemotherapy regimen is the best choice. Consequently, a systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE was performed in March 2021 to assess the efficacy and safety of NAC for the treatment of patients with locally advanced penile cancer. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the risk of bias in each study. This study synthesized 14 published studies. The study revealed that patients who achieved an objective response to NAC obtained a better survival outcome compared with those who did not achieve an objective response. In addition, the objective response rates (ORRs) and pathological complete response (pCR) rates were 0.57 and 0.11, respectively. The incidence of grade ≥3 toxicity was 0.36. Subgroup analysis found that the ORR and pCR of the taxane-platinum (TP) regimen group performed better than those of the nontaxane-platinum (NTP) regimen group (0.57 vs 0.54 and 0.14 vs 0.07, respectively). Moreover, the TP regimen group had more frequent toxicity than the NTP regimen group (0.41 vs 0.26). However, further studies were warranted to confirm the findings.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Humans , Male , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Penile Neoplasms/drug therapy , Platinum , Treatment Outcome
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 305-310, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928535

ABSTRACT

To reduce treatment-related side effects in low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), both focal therapy and deferred treatments, including active surveillance (AS) and watchful waiting (WW), are worth considering over radical prostatectomy (RP). Therefore, this study aimed to compare long-term survival outcomes between focal therapy and AS/WW. Data were obtained and analyzed from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients with low-risk PCa who received focal therapy or AS/WW from 2010 to 2016 were included. Focal therapy included cryotherapy and laser ablation. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare overall mortality (OM) and cancer-specific mortality (CSM) between AS/WW and focal therapy, and propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce the influence of bias and unmeasured confounders. A total of 19 292 patients with low-risk PCa were included in this study. In multivariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis, the risk of OM was higher in patients receiving focal therapy than those receiving AS/WW (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.79, P = 0.037), whereas no significant difference was found in CSM (HR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.23-4.11, P = 0.977). After PSM, the OM and CSM of focal therapy and AS/WW showed no significant differences (HR = 1.26, 95% CI: 0.92-1.74, P = 0.149; and HR = 1.26, 95% CI: 0.24-6.51, P = 0.782, respectively). For patients with low-risk PCa, focal therapy was no match for AS/WW in decreasing OM, suggesting that AS/WW could bring more overall survival benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Watchful Waiting
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928040

ABSTRACT

Against the backdrop of "Internet+" and Made in China 2025, Chinese medicinal processing equipment embraces various opportunities and develops to an unprecedented level. In the 20 years of the new century, the processing equipment has gradually developed in the direction of high efficiency, energy saving, environmental protection, integration, and automation, and this field has tended to highlight the establishment and application of the linkage production line for the processing of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces. Integrating automation control technology, online detection technique, and the internet of things technology, the online detection system of Chinese medicinal processing equipment and the computer information management system of Chinese medicinal proces-sing are the mainstream development trends of Chinese medicinal processing equipment. Standard Chinese medicine processing equipment is the prerequisite for the standardization of processing parameters. A standard system for processing equipment and processing parameters is the key to the modernization of Chinese medicinal decoction pieces. This paper summarized the research and application of Chinese medicinal processing equipment in the 20 years of the 21 st century and predicted the development trend, which is expected to serve as a reference for the technological innovation and development of the processing equipment.


Subject(s)
Automation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Reference Standards
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928038

ABSTRACT

The research on the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine is the key and core foundation to improve processing technologies of Chinese medicine, formulate the quality standards of Chinese medicinal pieces, enhance the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine, enrich Chinese medicine processing theories, and promote the development of Chinese medicine processing. Many researc-hers have conducted in-depth exploration on the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine in the 20 years in the 21 st century. Significant progress has been made in the transformation of chemical components during the processing, the change of active components in the body, the law of toxicity attenuation in the processing of toxic Chinese medicine, the mechanism of efficacy enhancement and toxicity attenuation of processing with auxiliary materials, and the application of new biomedical technologies. At present, the processing mechanism of multiple Chinese medicines has been preliminarily clarified, which has greatly promoted the development of Chinese me-dicine processing. The development of the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine reveals that the in vitro transformation of chemical components is combined with the in vivo absorption, transport, and metabolism, and the macroscopic biological effects of the organism are combined with the cells, molecules, targets, and pathways in the study of the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine. More attention has been paid to exploring the processing mechanism from the overall level, and a modern systematic research system on the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine has been initially formed. To further promote the scientific development of Chinese me-dicine processing, the present study proposed that the research on the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine should take Chinese medicine properties into account, focus on the influence of disease condition on the mode of action and effect strength of the drugs, comply with the characteristics of clinical compound compatibility of Chinese medicine, use the holistic view research strategies of systems bio-logy, and deeply explore the processing mechanism of Chinese medicine from traditional Chinese medicine theories and the characteristics of clinical medication of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Research Design , Technology
11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 936-941, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923313

ABSTRACT

Albumin is the most abundant protein in human plasma, and its oncotic and non-oncotic functions can regulate various functions in human body. In patients with end-stage liver disease, the deterioration of disease conditions and related complications caused by the reduction, loss, and abnormal function of albumin can be alleviated or even improved to some extent after the treatment with human serum albumin. This article reviews recent clinical studies in China and foreign countries, discusses the application and clinical effect of human serum albumin in end-stage liver disease, and points out that effective monitoring of albumin content may become a new indicator for the prognosis and treatment of end-stage liver disease.

12.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 257-261, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288584

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Study the relationship between the metabolic enzyme and the biological image, filtered by an adaptive filtering algorithm. Objective The research aims to In this study, human metabolic enzymes were evaluated by electrocardiogram and electromyogram images, and an adaptive filtering algorithm removed the noises in the images. Methods The electrocardiogram and electromyogram images at different periods were obtained, and the calculation method and application scope of the adaptive filtering algorithm were analysed. Results Adaptive filter was designed by the combination of adaptive filtering algorithm and dynamic information. Therefore, the artefact of the image was removed. Conclusions The adaptive filtering algorithm can effectively remove the noise or artefact in electrocardiogram and electromyogram signals. The optimal image information can be obtained. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Estudar a relação entre a enzima metabólica e a imagem biológica filtrada por um algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa. Objetivo O objetivo da pesquisa, neste estudo, é avaliar enzimas metabólicas humanas por meio de imagens de eletrocardiograma e eletromiograma, sendo que um algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa eliminou o ruído nas imagens. Métodos Imagens de eletrocardiograma e eletromiograma foram obtidas em diferentes períodos e foram analisados o método de cálculo e o escopo de aplicação do algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa. Resultados a filtragem adaptativa foi projetada combinando um algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa e informações dinâmicas. Portanto, o artefato foi removido da imagem. Conclusões O algoritmo de filtragem adaptativa pode efetivamente eliminar ruído ou artefato em sinais de eletrocardiograma e eletromiograma. Informações de imagem ideais podem ser obtidas. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Estudiar la relación entre la enzima metabólica y la imagen biológica, filtrada por un algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo. Objetivo La investigación tiene como objetivo, en este estudio, evaluar las enzimas metabólicas humanas mediante imágenes de electrocardiograma y electromiograma, y un algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo eliminó los ruidos en las imágenes. Métodos Se obtuvieron las imágenes de electrocardiograma y electromiograma en diferentes períodos y se analizó el método de cálculo y alcance de aplicación del algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo. Resultados El filtrado adaptativo se diseñó mediante la combinación de un algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo e información dinámica. Por lo tanto, se eliminó el artefacto de la imagen. Conclusiones El algoritmo de filtrado adaptativo puede eliminar eficazmente el ruido o artefacto en las señales de electrocardiograma y electromiograma. Se puede obtener la información de imagen óptima. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Fatigue/enzymology , Fatigue/metabolism , Muscles/metabolism , Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Electromyography , Models, Biological
13.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 274-277, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288582

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction This paper research an improved biological image tracking algorithm of athlete's cervical spine health under color feedback. Objective A new algorithm is proposed to improve the accuracy of detection and tracking. Methods In this study, the first thing is to apply the color feedback algorithm to improve and optimize the Improved Camshift algorithm. The optimized algorithm was used to track the center of the image, and the video was processed frame by frame. The center position of the tracking frame was obtained. Results The average number of head twists per person is 39 times. Among the three groups, children twisted the least, and older adults twisted the most. Conclusion The algorithm proposed in this study has certain effectiveness and superiority and can be well applied to detecting the number of head twists during exercise. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Este artigo investiga um algoritmo aprimorado para rastrear imagens biológicas da saúde da coluna cervical do atleta sob feedback de cores. Objetivo Um novo algoritmo é proposto para melhorar a precisão de detecção e monitoramento. Métodos neste estudo, primeiro aplicamos o algoritmo de feedback de cores para otimizar o algoritmo Camshift aprimorado. O algoritmo otimizado foi usado para rastrear o centro da imagem e o vídeo foi processado quadro a quadro. A posição central do quadro de rastreamento foi obtida. Resultados o número médio de voltas da cabeça por pessoa é 39 vezes. Entre os três grupos, as crianças viraram menos e os adultos mais velhos viraram mais. Conclusão O algoritmo proposto neste estudo tem alguma eficácia e superioridade e pode ser bem aplicado para detectar o número de giros da cabeça durante o exercício. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Este artículo investiga un algoritmo mejorado de seguimiento de imágenes biológicas de la salud de la columna cervical del atleta bajo retroalimentación de color. Objetivo Se propone un nuevo algoritmo para mejorar la precisión de la detección y el seguimiento. Métodos En este estudio, lo primero es aplicar el algoritmo de retroalimentación de color para optimizar el algoritmo Camshift mejorado. El algoritmo optimizado se utilizó para rastrear el centro de la imagen y el video se procesó cuadro por cuadro. Se obtuvo la posición central del marco de seguimiento. Resultados El número medio de giros de cabeza por persona es 39 veces. Entre los tres grupos, los niños eran los que menos giraban y los adultos mayores eran los que más. Conclusión El algoritmo propuesto en este estudio tiene cierta efectividad y superioridad y se puede aplicar bien para detectar el número de giros de cabeza durante el ejercicio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Algorithms , Athletes , Models, Biological
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903978

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is proved responsible for renal damage during ischemia/reperfusion. The regulation for renal apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has still been unclearly characterized to date. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of histone acetylation on IRI-induced renal apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms in rats with the application of curcumin possessing a variety of biological activities involving inhibition of apoptosis. Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized into four experimental groups (SHAM, IRI, curcumin, SP600125). Results showed that curcumin significantly decreased renal apoptosis and caspase-3/-9 expression and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. Treatment with curcumin in IRI rats also led to the decrease in expression of p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). Reduced histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation was found near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9 after curcumin treatment. In a similar way, SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), also attenuated renal apoptosis and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. In addition, SP600125 suppressed the binding level of p300/CBP and H3K9 acetylation near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9, and curcumin could inhibit JNK phosphorylation like SP600125. These results indicate that curcumin could attenuate renal IRI via JNK/p300/CBP-mediated anti-apoptosis signaling.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896274

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is proved responsible for renal damage during ischemia/reperfusion. The regulation for renal apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has still been unclearly characterized to date. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of histone acetylation on IRI-induced renal apoptosis and the molecular mechanisms in rats with the application of curcumin possessing a variety of biological activities involving inhibition of apoptosis. Sprague–Dawley rats were randomized into four experimental groups (SHAM, IRI, curcumin, SP600125). Results showed that curcumin significantly decreased renal apoptosis and caspase-3/-9 expression and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. Treatment with curcumin in IRI rats also led to the decrease in expression of p300/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CBP) and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). Reduced histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) acetylation was found near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9 after curcumin treatment. In a similar way, SP600125, an inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), also attenuated renal apoptosis and enhanced renal function in IRI rats. In addition, SP600125 suppressed the binding level of p300/CBP and H3K9 acetylation near the promoter region of caspase-3/-9, and curcumin could inhibit JNK phosphorylation like SP600125. These results indicate that curcumin could attenuate renal IRI via JNK/p300/CBP-mediated anti-apoptosis signaling.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921660

ABSTRACT

Delayed-or non-healing wounds caused by trauma, surgical procedures, acute diseases, or chronic diseases, and proli-ferating scar have a serious impact on patients' quality of life and increase the economic and psychological burden on their families. Therefore, how to accelerate wound healing and obtain satisfactory aesthetic results is of great concern to researchers and is an urgent clinical problem to be solved. In recent years, the mechanisms of Chinese medicinal materials in accelerating wound healing and inhi-biting scar formation by regulating cytokines have been clarified, which provides a scientific basis for revealing the efficacy of Chinese medicinal materials against clinical trauma. This review focuses on the therapeutic effects of active ingredients, extracts, and topical preparations of Chinese medicinal materials through regulating cytokines in the inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling phases of wound healing. It is expected to provide evidence for the application of Chinese medicinal materials in wound therapy.


Subject(s)
China , Cytokines , Humans , Inflammation , Quality of Life , Wound Healing
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in peripheral blood and liver-infiltrating natural killer-like B (NKB) cells in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to assess the influence of IL-18 on NKB cells in vitro and the underlying mechanism. Methods:Forty-three HCC patients and 21 normal controls (NC) were enrolled in the study. Peripheral blood samples were collected to isolate plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Intrahepatic lymphocytes (IHL) were isolated from tumor tissues and para-tumor tissues obtained from 16 HCC patients who received surgery. IL-12, IL-18 and IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP) levels in plasma were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The percentages of CD3 -NKp46 + CD19 + NKB cells and IL-18 + NKB cells in PBMC and IHL were analyzed by flow cytometry. Changes in the percentages of NKB cells and IL-18 + NKB cells were measured after stimulating PBMC and IHL with recombinant human IL-18 (1 ng/ml and 10 ng/ml). Changes in IL-18BP levels in the culture supernatants and phosphorylated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in NKB cells were also assessed. Student′s t test, one-way analysis of variance or LSD-t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:There was no significant difference in plasma IL-12 level between HCC patients and NC ( P=0.245). Compared with NC, HCC patients had decreased IL-18 level in plasma [(224.3±58.89) pg/ml vs (327.0±52.27) pg/ml, P<0.000 1], but increased IL-18BP level [(4.421±0.97) ng/ml vs (0.92±0.18) ng/ml, P<0.000 1]. The percentages of peripheral blood NKB cells and IL-18 + NKB cells were lower in HCC patients than in NC [(2.68±1.23)% vs (8.88±2.95)% and (54.42±12.60)% vs (69.74±12.65)%, both P<0.000 1]. The percentage of NKB cells in IHL was reduced in tumor tissues as compared with that in para-tumor tissues [(2.89±0.86)% vs (4.66±1.17)%, P<0.000 1]. Moreover, the percentage of IL-18 + NKB cell was also down-regulated in tumor tissues as compared with that in para-tumor tissues [(51.50±13.18)% vs (62.13±9.24)%, P=0.013]. Recombinant human IL-18 stimulation reduced the IL-18BP level in the culture supernatants ( P<0.05). IL-18 stimulation at 1 ng/ml did not affect NKB cell percentage, IL-18 + NKB cell percentage or NF-κB phosphorylation in NKB cells from PBMC or IHL ( P>0.05), while 10 ng/ml of IL-18 not only elevated NKB cell percentage and IL-18+ NKB cell percentage, but also promoted NF-κB phosphorylation in NKB cells ( P<0.01). Conclusions:In vitro stimulation with high concentration of IL-18 might promote NF-κB phosphorylation by inhibition of IL-18BP expression. This process might play a positive feedback role to induce the activation of NKB cells and IL-18 secretion.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2850-2858, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888805

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection severely threatens global health and economic development. No effective antiviral drug is currently available to treat COVID-19 and any other human coronavirus infections. We report herein that a macrolide antibiotic, carrimycin, potently inhibited the cytopathic effects (CPE) and reduced the levels of viral protein and RNA in multiple cell types infected by human coronavirus 229E, OC43, and SARS-CoV-2. Time-of-addition and pseudotype virus infection studies indicated that carrimycin inhibited one or multiple post-entry replication events of human coronavirus infection. In support of this notion, metabolic labelling studies showed that carrimycin significantly inhibited the synthesis of viral RNA. Our studies thus strongly suggest that carrimycin is an antiviral agent against a broad-spectrum of human coronaviruses and its therapeutic efficacy to COVID-19 is currently under clinical investigation.

19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 585-593, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888739

ABSTRACT

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare but severe diseases. This study aimed to validate the predictive ability of risk models in patients with SJS/TEN and propose possible refinement in China. Patients in the Department of Dermatology of Huashan Hospital from January 2008 to January 2019 were included. Results showed that the severity-of-illness score for TEN (SCORTEN) had a good discrimination (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), 0.78), and it was superior to auxiliary score (AS) and ABCD-10, which indicates age, bicarbonate level, cancer, dialysis, and 10% involved body surface area (AUC, 0.69 and 0.68, respectively). The calibration of SCORTEN (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, P = 0.69) was also better than that of AS (P = 0.25) and ABCD-10 (P = 0.55). SCORTEN and ABCD-10 were similar (Brier score (BS), 0.04 and 0.04) in terms of accuracy of predictions. In addition, the imaging appearance of pulmonary consolidation on computed tomography was associated with high mortality. Refined models were formed using the variables and this imaging appearance. The refined AS and ABCD-10 models were similar in discrimination compared with the original SCORTEN (0.74 vs. 0.78, P = 0.23; 0.74 vs. 0.78, P = 0.30, respectively). Therefore, SCORTEN showed good discrimination performance, calibration, and accuracy, and refined AS or ABCD-10 model may be an option when SCORTEN variables are not available.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Tomography
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888025

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the methodological quality of systematic reviews of Shuxuening Injection and evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of Shuxuening Injection in the treatment of different diseases,in order to provide supportive evidence for clinical practice. Three Chinese databases and three English databases were retrieved to identify systematic reviews and Meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of Shuxuening Injection in the treatment of diseases. The AMSTAR 2( a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews 2) tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included systematic reviews,and tables were created to present the results of Meta-analyses. Twenty-four systematic reviews were included,all with very low methodological quality. Among the 16 AMSTAR-2 items,only 5 items had a compliance rate greater than 60. 0%,and 8 items had a compliance rate less than 50. 0%. For patients with cerebral infarction,Shuxuening Injection combined with conventional treatment was more effective than conventional treatment alone in terms of clinical efficiency and neurological deficit improvement. For patients with angina pectoris,Shuxuening Injection was superior to Danshen/Compound Danshen Injection in terms of the total effective rate of angina pectoris and total effective rate of ECG. The efficacy of Shuxuening Injection combined with conventional treatment is significantly better than conventional treatment.Shuxuening Injection( alone or combined with conventional treatments) was better than conventional treatments for cerebral hemorrhage,ischemic cerebrovascular disease,chronic pulmonary heart disease,vertigo and sudden deafness. Shuxuening Injection had better efficacy and lower incidence of adverse reactions,but the methodological quality of included systematic reviews was low. The results of this study still need to be verified by high-quality systematic reviews.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Injections , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Systematic Reviews as Topic
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