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1.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 66-71, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984182

ABSTRACT

Bone development shows certain regularity with age. The regularity can be used to infer age and serve many fields such as justice, medicine, archaeology, etc. As a non-invasive evaluation method of the epiphyseal development stage, MRI is widely used in living age estimation. In recent years, the rapid development of machine learning has significantly improved the effectiveness and reliability of living age estimation, which is one of the main development directions of current research. This paper summarizes the analysis methods of age estimation by knee joint MRI, introduces the current research trends, and future application trend.


Subject(s)
Epiphyses/diagnostic imaging , Age Determination by Skeleton/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1686-1698, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982798

ABSTRACT

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a nasty disease with extremely high malignancy and poor prognosis. Annexin A3 (ANXA3) is a potential prognosis biomarker, displaying an excellent correlation of ANXA3 overexpression with patients' poor prognosis. Silencing the expression of ANXA3 effectively inhibits the proliferation and metastasis of TNBC, suggesting that ANXA3 can be a promising therapeutic target to treat TNBC. Herein, we report a first-in-class ANXA3-targeted small molecule (R)-SL18, which demonstrated excellent anti-proliferative and anti-invasive activities to TNBC cells. (R)-SL18 directly bound to ANXA3 and increased its ubiquitination, thereby inducing ANXA3 degradation with moderate family selectivity. Importantly, (R)-SL18 showed a safe and effective therapeutic potency in a high ANXA3-expressing TNBC patient-derived xenograft model. Furthermore, (R)-SL18 could reduce the β-catenin level, and accordingly inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in TNBC cells. Collectively, our data suggested that targeting degradation of ANXA3 by (R)-SL18 possesses the potential to treat TNBC.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 463-467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of caveolin 3 (Cav-3) in diabetic cardiomyopathy and the relationship with endoplasmic reticulum stress in mice.Methods:This experiment was performed in two parts. Part Ⅰ in vivo experiment Sixteen clean-grade healthy adult male wild type mice weighing 18-20 g, were divided into 2 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: control group(Control group) and diabetic cardiomyopathy group (DCM group). Another 8 Cav-3 KO mice were selected and served as Cav-3 KO + diabetic cardiomyopathy group (Cav-3 KO+ DCM group). Type 2 diabetic models were developed by high fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (100 mg/kg). The left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), left ventricular short axis shortening rate (FS), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were measured by B ultrasound at 8 weeks. Then the mice were sacrificed, and the myocardial histomorphology was observed using HE staining. Part Ⅱ in vitro experiment HL-1 cardiomyocytes were divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each)using a random number table method: normal glucose group (NG group), high glucose group (HG group) and high glucose+ methyl-β-cyclodextrin group (HG+ β-CD group). The high glucose model was prepared by adding 50% glucose to a specialized culture medium until the final concentration reached 30 mmol/L, and HL-1 cardiomyocytes were continuously cultivated for 36 h. The cellular injury was assessed using LDH and CCK8 kits. The expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins binding immunoglobulin protein (BiP), C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP) and X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1-s) in myocardial tissues and HL-1 cells was detected by Western blot. Results:In vivo experiment Compared with Control group, the food intake, water intake, and heart mass/body mass were significantly increased, EF and FS were decreased, LVESD and LVEDD were increased, the expression of BiP, CHOP and XBP1-s was up-regulated, the expression of Cav-3 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological damage was aggravated in DCM group and Cav-3 KO+ DCM group. Compared with DCM group, EF and FS were significantly decreased, LVESD and LVEDD were increased, the expression of BiP, CHOP and XBP1-s was up-regulated, the expression of Cav-3 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological damage was aggravated in Cav-3 KO+ DCM group. In vitro experiment Compared with NG group, the cell viability was significantly decreased, LDH activity was increased, the expression of BiP, CHOP and XBP1-s was up-regulated, and the expression of Cav-3 was down-regulated in HG group and HG+ β-CD group ( P<0.05). Compared with HG group, the cell viability was significantly decreased, LDH was increased, the expression of BiP, CHOP and XBP1-s was up-regulated, and the expression of Cav-3 was down-regulated in HG+ β-CD group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Down-regulation of Cav-3 expression aggravates myocardial injury in diabetes mellitus, and the mechanism is related to excessive activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress in mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 37-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical outcomes of continued pregnancy in pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the pregnancy outcomes of 55 pregnant women who were diagnosed with CSP at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University during the first trimester of pregnancy from August 1st, 2018 to October 31st, 2021 and strongly requested to continue the pregnancy.Results:Of the 55 pregnant women, 15 terminated the pregnancy in the first trimester, 1 underwent hysterotomy at 23 weeks of gestation due to cervical dilation, and 39 (71%, 39/55) continued pregnancy to the third trimester achieving live births via cesarean section. The gestational age of the 39 pregnant women delivered by cesarean section was 35 +6 weeks (range: 28 +5-39 +2 weeks), of whom 7 cases at 28 +5-33 +6 weeks, 20 cases at 34-36 +6 weeks, and 12 cases at 37-39 +2 weeks. The results of pathological examination were normal placenta in 3 cases (8%, 3/39), placenta creta in 4 cases (10%, 4/39), placenta increta in 9 cases (23%, 9/39) and placenta percreta in 23 cases (59%, 23/39). Among the 36 pregnant women who were pathologically confirmed as placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS) after surgery, the last prenatal ultrasonography showed placenta previa in 27 cases (75%, 27/36) and not observed placenta previa in 9 cases. The median intraoperative blood loss, autologous blood transfusion, and allogeneic suspended red blood cell infusion of 39 pregnant women during cesarean section were 1 000 ml (300-3 500 ml), 300 ml (0-2 000 ml) and 400 ml (0-2 400 ml), respectively. The uterine preservation rate was 100% (39/39), and only 1 case received cystostomy due to intracystic hemorrhage. The birth weight of the newborn was 2 580 g (1 350-3 800 g), and 1 case of mild asphyxia. Conclusions:Pregnant women with CSP who continue pregnancy under close monitoring after adequate ultrasound evaluation and doctor-patient communication could achieve better maternal and infant outcomes, but pregnant women with CSP are highly likely to continue pregnancy and develop into PAS. Effective hemostasis means and multidisciplinary team cooperation are needed in perinatal period for ensuring maternal and fetal safety.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 631-634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991796

ABSTRACT

Based on the research results of aspiration in patients with dysphagia after ischemic stroke at home and abroad, this paper reviews the definition, detection methods, and risk factors of aspiration and emphasizes the incidence rate and severity of this disease. The authors conclude that preventing aspiration can decrease the incidence rate of aspiration pneumonia, change the clinical outcome of patients, and thereby save medical resources.

6.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991695

ABSTRACT

In the outbreak of COVID-19,triage procedures based on epidemiology were implemented in a local hospital in Changsha to control the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and avoid healthcare-associated infection.This re-trospective study analyzed the data collected during the triage period and found that COVID-19 patients were en-riched 7 folds into the Section A designated for patients with obvious epidemiological history.On the other side,nearly triple amounts of visits were received at the Section B for patients without obvious epidemiological history.8 COVID-19 cases were spotted out of 247 suspected patients.More than 50%of the suspected patients were submi-tted to multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis for SARS-CoV-2 infection.Of the 239 patients who were diagnosed as negative of the virus infection,188 were successfully revisited and none was reported as COVID-19 case.Of the 8 COVID-19 patients,3 were confirmed only after multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis.Besides comorbidities,delayed sharing of epidemiological history added complexity to the diagnosis in practice.The triaging experience and strategy will be helpful for the control of infectious diseases in the future.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 190-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and molecular characteristics of Yersinia isolated from diarrhea patients in Jiangsu Province. Methods:From 2017 to 2021, the stool samples of diarrhea patients were collected in Tongshan District of Xuzhou City and Dongtai City of Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province, where the national active monitoring sites of Yersinia enterocolitica, then Yersinia was isolated; meanwhile, suspected Yersinia strains were collected from sentinel hospitals in the province. The DNA of isolated strains was extracted for whole genome resequencing, and the data were uploaded to the EnteroBase database for Yersinia species identification; the original data were cleaned and processed for 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene polymorphism analysis. Five virulence genes (ail, ystA, ystB, yadA, virF) were scanned through the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and Pathogen Virulence Factor Database (VFDB), and K-mer Tree was constructed and genomic characteristics were analyzed. Results:From 2017 to 2021, a total of 2 058 stool samples from diarrhea patients were collected, and 57 strains of Yersinia were isolated and identified; meanwhile, two Yersinia strains were collected from the sentinel hospital. Compared with EnteroBase database, 51 strains were identified as Yersinia enterocolitica, 4 strains as Yersinia proxima, 1 strain each as Yersinia aleksiciae, Yersinia massiliensis, Yersinia intermedia and Yersinia canariae. The 16S rRNA gene polymorphism analysis showed that all strains were clustered into 3 groups, which could distinguish Yersinia enterocolitica from other Yersinia. Among the 51 strains of Yersinia enterocolitica, 49 strains were virulence genotype Ⅲ(ail-, ystA-, ystB+, yadA-, virF-), two strains were virulence genotype Ⅱ(ail+, ystA+, ystB-, yadA-, virF-); and 8 other Yersinia strains were virulence genotype Ⅳ (ail-, ystA-, ystB-, yadA-, virF-). K-mer analysis could distinguish Yersinia enterocolitica from other Yersinia, JS-XZ-2020001 strain was far away from other Yersinia enterocolitica isolates, and serotype O8 strains were more concentrated. Conclusions:The clinical isolates of Yersinia enterocolitica from diarrhea patients are mainly Yersinia and other Yersinia co-exist in a small amount in Jiangsu Province, two new Yersinia species ( Yersinia proxima and Yersinia canariae) are discovered. The virulence genotype of Yersinia enterocolitica is mainly type Ⅲ. The 16S rRNA gene polymorphism analysis and K-mer analysis can effectively distinguish Yersinia enterocolitica from other Yersinia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 141-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004859

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the role of anti-HBc detection in current blood screening strategy by the follow-up of repeated donors with antibody to hepatitis B virus core antigen. 【Methods】 Plasma samples were collected randomly from Dalian Blood Center. to test anti-HBc(dual reagents) and anti-HBs via ELISA. The re-donation of eligible donors who were anti-HBc+ and donors reactive to HBV detection were followed up. 【Results】 A total of 1 291 plasma samples were collected randomly from May 2017 to March 2018, among which 405 samples(31.4%)were anti-HBc+. The median age of anti-HBc+ group was observed much higher than that of anti-HBc-group (39 vs 31 years old) (P0.05). Among the 405 anti-HBc+ donors, 3 donors were OBI (0.7%), of which one was screened out in second donation. No HBV DNA was detected out in 3 OBI cases. 【Conclusion】 Although anti-HBc detection is not suitable in blood screening currently, it is of great value in the assessment of blood donor re-entry for HBV reactive donors in blood screening due to the high anti-HBc prevalence among blood donors.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2817-2823, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003271

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveDepression is common in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), but the role of depression in disease progression remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the association between depression and treatment response and the impact of depression on liver cirrhosis in PBC patients. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 141 patients with PBC who attended the outpatient service of autoimmune liver diseases in General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from January 2018 to December 2020 and received standard ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) monotherapy for 1 year, and 170 healthy controls, matched for age and sex, who underwent physical examination in Physical Examination Center were enrolled as healthy control group. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was used to evaluate depressive state in the patients with PBC and the healthy controls. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The binary logistic regression model and the decision tree model were used to analyze the influencing factors for liver cirrhosis in patients with PBC, as well as the influence of depression and the HLA-DRB1 gene on liver cirrhosis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the ROC curve (AUC), and goodness of fit were used to evaluate model performance. All 13 variables were used to establish a classification and regression tree (CART) model, i.e., age, sex, PHQ-9 score, the DRB1*03∶01 gene, and the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), total bilirubin, immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin M (IgM), C3, and C4. The indications including AUC, sensitivity, and specificity were used to evaluate the performance of CART model in the model cohort. ResultsCompared with the normal control group, the PBC group had a significantly higher proportion of the patients with depression (53.9% vs 15.3%, χ2=57.836, P<0.001). Compared with the PBC patients without depression, the PBC patients with depression had a significantly poorer response to UDCA treatment (χ2=7.549, P=0.006) and significant increases in the serum levels of ALP (Z=-2.157, P=0.031), GGT (Z=-2.180, P=0.029), and IgM (Z=-2.000, P=0.046). Compared with the PBC patients without depression, the PBC patients carrying the HLA-DRB1*03∶01 allele had a significant increase in the risk of liver cirrhosis (P<0.001). The binary logistic regression model analysis showed that PHQ-9 score (OR=1.148, 95%CI: 1.050 — 1.255, P=0.002), the HLA-DRB1*03∶01 gene (OR=5.150, 95%CI: 1.362 — 19.478, P=0.016), age (OR=1.057, 95%CI: 1.009 — 1.106, P=0.018), and serum ALP level (OR=1.009, 95%CI: 1.001 — 1.017, P=0.020) were independent risk factors for liver cirrhosis in patients with PBC. The decision tree analysis showed that PHQ-9 score ≥3.5 was also a risk factor for liver cirrhosis in PBC patients. ConclusionDepression is associated with poor treatment response in patients with PBC, and it is an independent risk factor for liver cirrhosis in patients with PBC. This study highlights the important clinical significance of the identification and early management of depressive state in patients with PBC.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4373-4390, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011188

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a cellular process in which proteins and organelles are engulfed in autophagosomal vesicles and transported to the lysosome/vacuole for degradation. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play a crucial role at many stages of autophagy, which present formidable but attainable targets for autophagy regulation. Moreover, selective regulation of PPIs tends to have a lower risk in causing undesired off-target effects in the context of a complicated biological network. Thus, small-molecule regulators, including peptides and peptidomimetics, targeting the critical PPIs involved in autophagy provide a new opportunity for innovative drug discovery. This article provides general background knowledge of the critical PPIs involved in autophagy and reviews a range of successful attempts on discovering regulators targeting those PPIs. Successful strategies and existing limitations in this field are also discussed.

11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 382-387, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the virtual reality-pattern visual evoked potential (VR-PVEP) P100 waveform characteristics of monocular visual impairment with different impaired degrees under simultaneous binocular perception and monocular stimulations.@*METHODS@#A total of 55 young volunteers with normal vision (using decimal recording method, far vision ≥0.8 and near vision ≥0.5) were selected to simulate three groups of monocular refractive visual impairment by interpolation method. The sum of near and far vision ≤0.2 was Group A, the severe visual impairment group; the sum of near and far vision <0.8 was Group B, the moderate visual impairment group; and the sum of near and far vision ≥0.8 was Group C, the mild visual impairment group. The volunteers' binocular normal visions were set as the control group. The VR-PVEP P100 peak times measured by simultaneous binocular perception and monocular stimulation were compared at four spatial frequencies 16×16, 24×24, 32×32 and 64×64.@*RESULTS@#In Group A, the differences between P100 peak times of simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception at 24×24, 32×32 and 64×64 spatial frequencies were statistically significant (P<0.05); and the P100 peak time of normal vision eyes at 64×64 spatial frequency was significantly different from the simulant visual impairment eyes (P<0.05). In Group B, the differences between P100 peak times of simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception at 16×16, 24×24 and 64×64 spatial frequencies were statistically significant (P<0.05); and the P100 peak time of normal vision eyes at 64×64 spatial frequency was significantly different from the simulant visual impairment eyes (P<0.05). In Group C, there was no significant difference between P100 peak times of simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception at all spatial frequencies (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the P100 peak times measured at all spatial frequencies between simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception in the control group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#VR-PVEP can be used for visual acuity evaluation of patients with severe and moderate monocular visual impairment, which can reflect the visual impairment degree caused by ametropia. VR-PVEP has application value in the objective evaluation of visual function and forensic clinical identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Vision, Ocular , Vision, Binocular/physiology , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Virtual Reality
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 356-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965857

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the attitudes and demands of parents of children in Luzhou towards family based child sexual abuse prevention education.@*Methods@#A self administered anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted among parents of children in Luzhou City who were selected from stratified cluster sampling. Multiple linear regression model was used to analyze parents attitudes.@*Results@#Parents attitude towards prevention of sexual assault education was positive (average score 16.70± 3.67 ). The results of multiple regression analysis showed that parents of only child ( β =0.30), parents who participated in related activities ( β =1.28), communicated with relatives and friends ( β =0.81), and lived in urban areas ( β =0.49) had more positive attitudes. In terms of parental factors, average annual family income higher than 100 000 yuan ( β =0.39), mothers of young children ( β =0.88), and parents with a high level of knowledge about sexual assault prevention education ( β =0.98), the mother being a teacher or a medical staff ( β =0.52), and educational background of the mother being high school/secondary school ( β =1.03), college/undergraduate or above ( β =1.42) were associated with more positive attitudes( P <0.01). The results of demand analysis showed that parents had high demand for child s self protection (96.86%).@*Conclusion@#Parents of young children in Luzhou City show generally positive attitude and high demand towards family based sexual abuse prevention. Knowledge training and publicity regarding child sexual abuse should be improved for children who had siblings, from rural and township areas, and whose parents with low educational background.

13.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 400-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964440

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the effect of isoprene cysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) gene on the migration and invasion of salivary adenoid cystic cancer cells (SACC) and the related mechanism, to provide experimental evidence for molecular targeted therapy of SACC.@*Methods@# Adenoid cystic cancer cells SACC-LM and SACC-83 were cultured in vitro, and siRNA was transfected into human SACC-LM and SACC-83 cells (experimental group) by transient transfection of a liposome vector. A blank control group and negative control group were set up respectively (transfected NC-siRNA). qRT-PCR was peformed to measure the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group after transfection and to determine the silencing efficiency. The expression of ICMT, membrane RhoA, total RhoA, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and Rho associated with coiled helical binding protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) in each group was detected by Western blot. The proliferation abilityies of SACC cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The migration and invasion ability of SACC cells were detected by comparing the relative healing area of cell scratch assay and the number of Transwell assay cells. @*Results@#After transfection of ICMT-siRNA into SACC-LM and SACC-83 cells, the expression of ICMT gene and protein in the experimental group was significantly decreased compared with the negative control group and blank control group (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in the expression of RhoA gene and total protein among all groups (P>0.05). The expression of RhoA membrane proteins, ROCK1, MMP-2, MMP-9 in the experimental group was significantly decreased compared with that in the negative control group and blank control group (P<0.05). Cell proliferation ability was significantly decreased (P<0.05). The migration and invasion abilities were significantly decreased (P<0.05). @*Conclusion @#In vitro silencing of ICMT gene can effectively inhibit the migration and invasion of human SACC-LM and SACC-83 cells, and the mechanism may be related to RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 261-266, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960948

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the value of ocular trauma score(OTS), initial visual acuity, and ocular structural parameters in the assessment of healing visual acuity from ocular trauma.METHOD: A total of 302 cases(302 eyes)of ocular trauma were selected as subjects, which were accepted and issued clear appraisal opinions by the Academy of Forensic Science from June 2015 to June 2021. The subjects were grouped according to the healing best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)from ocular trauma. Group Ⅰ included 63 cases(63 eyes)with BCVA &#x0026;#x003C;3.7; Group Ⅱ included 70 cases(70 eyes)with 3.7≤ BCVA &#x0026;#x003C;4.5; Group Ⅲ included 78 cases(78 eyes)with 4.5≤ BCVA &#x0026;#x003C;4.9; Group Ⅳ included 91 cases(91 eyes)with BCVA≥4.9. In addition, 77 cases(77 healthy eyes)of ocular trauma were selected as the control group, namely Group Ⅴ. The healing BCVA and ocular structural parameters from ocular trauma and theirs correlation were analyzed, and the random forest(RF)and support vector machine(SVM)model of healing visual acuity was established by the IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0.RESULTS: The initial visual acuity, OTS, the grading of corneas, lenses, and fundus, and the thickness of the retinal never fiber layer of ocular trauma patients were correlated with the healing BCVA(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). There were significant differences in ocular structural parameters among groups, except the central subfield thickness(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). The SVM model had higher accuracy of predicting healing visual acuity than the RF model, and the accuracy rate was over 80% when the error was within 0.15.CONCLUSION:OTS and ocular structural examination can provide effective information for the clinical forensic medicine appraisal of visual dysfunction after ocular trauma, and they are valuable in discriminating camouflage of visual dysfunction.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Ozone is widely applied to treat allergic skin diseases such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. However, the specific mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of ozonated oil on treating 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and the underling mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Besides the blank control (Ctrl) group, all other mice were treated with DNCB to establish an ACD-like mouse model and were randomized into following groups: a model group, a basal oil group, an ozonated oil group, a FcεRI-overexpressed plasmid (FcεRI-OE) group, and a FcεRI empty plasmid (FcεRI-NC) group. The basal oil group and the ozonated oil group were treated with basal oil and ozonated oil, respectively. The FcεRI-OE group and the FcεRI-NC group were intradermally injected 25 µg FcεRI overexpression plasmid and 25 µg FcεRI empty plasmid when treating with ozonated oil, respectively. We recorded skin lesions daily and used reflectance confocal microscope (RCM) to evaluate thickness and inflammatory changes of skin lesions. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time PCR, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), and immunohistochemistry were performed to detct and analyze the skin lesions.@*RESULTS@#Ozonated oil significantly alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis and reduced the expressions of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, TNF-α, and other related inflammatory factors (all P<0.05). RNA-seq analysis revealed that ozonated oil significantly inhibited the activation of the DNCB-induced FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway, confirmed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry (all P<0.05). Compared with the ozonated oil group and the FcεRI-NC group, the mRNA expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and other inflammatory genes in the FcεRI-OE group were significantly increased (all P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of FcεRI and Syk were significantly elevated in the FcεRI-OE group as well (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ozonated oil significantly improves ACD-like dermatitis and alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis via inhibiting the FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dinitrochlorobenzene/metabolism , Skin/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/chemically induced , Signal Transduction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 350-354, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To reduce the dimension of characteristic information extracted from pelvic CT images by using principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) methods. To establish a support vector machine (SVM) classification and identification model to identify if there is pelvic injury by the reduced dimension data and evaluate the feasibility of its application.@*METHODS@#Eighty percent of 146 normal and injured pelvic CT images were randomly selected as training set for model fitting, and the remaining 20% was used as testing set to verify the accuracy of the test, respectively. Through CT image input, preprocessing, feature extraction, feature information dimension reduction, feature selection, parameter selection, model establishment and model comparison, a discriminative model of pelvic injury was established.@*RESULTS@#The PLS dimension reduction method was better than the PCA method and the SVM model was better than the naive Bayesian classifier (NBC) model. The accuracy of the modeling set, leave-one-out cross validation and testing set of the SVM classification model based on 12 PLS factors was 100%, 100% and 93.33%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the evaluation of pelvic injury, the pelvic injury data mining model based on CT images reaches high accuracy, which lays a foundation for automatic and rapid identification of pelvic injuries.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Bayes Theorem , Data Mining , Least-Squares Analysis , Support Vector Machine
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1816-1824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929439

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to obtain recombinant human thioredoxin (rhTXN) by gene cloning and prokaryotic expression, and evaluated its therapeutic effect in the mouse ulcerative colitis (UC) model induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The human thioredoxin gene TXN was cloned from the cDNA of Jurkat cells. The recombinant expression plasmid pCold TF-rhTXN was constructed by restriction enzyme digestion. After expression in E. coli BL21 (DE3), recombinant human thioredoxin was purified by a nickel column. Intact rhTXN recombinant protein was obtained after removal of the fusion partner-tag by enzyme digestion and the activity of disulfide reductase was detected by the insulin reduction method. The animal experiments in this study were performed in accordance with the ethical guidelines of the Laboratory Animal Welfare Ethical Review Committee of Nanjing University. Experiment ulcerative colitis was induced by providing mice with sterilized drinking water which contained 3% DSS. rhTXN was injected intraperitoneally. The therapeutic effect was studied by weight change, colon length and HE (hematoxylin and eosin) stained sections. In vivo imaging was used to study the targeting of rhTXN to DSS mice. The GSE107499 data set of GEO database was used to screen the hub genes at the lesional sites of UC and study the correlation with TXN. The experimental results showed that rhTXN was successfully expressed and purified with disulfide reductase activity. rhTXN (100 μg·kg-1) had a significant therapeutic effect on maintaining the weight change of mice (P = 0.000 5) and reducing intestinal injury (P < 0.000 1), and had a colon targeting effect on DSS mice. In GSE107499 data set, TXN in inflammatory sites of UC patients was significantly down regulated (P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with hub gene CD40 (P < 0.01) and positively correlated with hub gene fibronectin 1 (FN1) (P < 0.01). In this study, biologically active rhTXN was successfully prepared and proved to have a promising therapeutic effect on the DSS mouse model, and TXN gene was significantly correlated with the UC hub genes CD40 and FN1.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 274-290, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929293

ABSTRACT

KRAS‒PDEδ interaction is revealed as a promising target for suppressing the function of mutant KRAS. The bottleneck in clinical development of PDEδ inhibitors is the poor antitumor activity of known chemotypes. Here, we identified novel spiro-cyclic PDEδ inhibitors with potent antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. In particular, compound 36l (K D = 127 ± 16 nmol/L) effectively bound to PDEδ and interfered with KRAS-PDEδ interaction. It influenced the distribution of KRAS in Mia PaCa-2 cells, downregulated the phosphorylation of t-ERK and t-AKT and promoted apoptosis of the cells. The novel inhibitor 36l exhibited significant in vivo antitumor potency in pancreatic cancer patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. It represents a promising lead compound for investigating the druggability of KRAS‒PDEδ interaction.

19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 212-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935271

ABSTRACT

The evaluation methods of immune persistence include direct evaluation, indirect evaluation, model prediction, and meta-analysis and so on. Direct evaluation is the gold standard for evaluating the immune persistence of vaccines by quantifying the protective effect of vaccines on the onset and (or) infection of preventable diseases. Indirect evaluation of immune persistence by immunological surrogate indicators is more widely used in practice. In addition, mathematical models and meta-analysis can also be used to evaluate the immune persistence of vaccines. It is of great significance to select the appropriate evaluation method to analyze the immune persistence of the vaccine according to the specific situation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Vaccines/immunology
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1782-1786, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934965

ABSTRACT

Augmented renal clearance (ARC)refers to the significant enhancement of patients ’renal function ,which is manifested by the significant increase of glomerular filtration rate ,which increases the clearance of drugs ,and the effective blood drug concentration cannot be achieved under the conventional dose. The efficacy of antibiotics is closely related to the concentration. The influence of renal dysfunction on drug metabolism is an important factor that clinicians should consider when determining the dosage. This article reviews the definition ,risk factors ,occurrence mechanism ,evaluation methods of ARC ,as well as its impact on the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of antibiotics and administration methods. It is found that ARC widely exists in critically ill patients ,and the risk factors include age (≤50 years old ),brain trauma ,sepsis,multiple trauma , etc. When using antibiotics in ARC patients ,the therapeutic effect of drugs can be improved by increasing the dosage ,prolonging the duration of administration and increasing the frequency of administration. However ,in order to prevent adverse reactions caused by high concentration accumulation of drugs ,it is recommended to try to combine treatment drug monitoring.

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