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Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 73-79, 2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924405


Purpose : The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of aortic valve replacement (AVR) with ascending aorta grafting under hypothermic circulatory arrest for patients with shaggy/calcified ascending aorta based on preoperative and intraoperative assessment of ascending aorta. Methods : From April 2010 to July 2019, 133 patients with aortic stenosis underwent AVR. Based on preoperative computed tomography and intraoperative epi aortic ultrasound, 121 patients were able to have their aorta clamped (C-AVR), while clamping was not possible for 12 patients due to shaggy/calcified in the ascending aorta (Asc-AVR). In Asc-AVR, ascending aorta was replaced to the vascular graft under hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion followed by AVR. Results : Although operative time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were prolonged and blood transfusion volume was significantly high in Asc-AVR, there were no significant differences in postoperative complications. Although postoperative MRI revealed two silent strokes, no symptomatic neurologic complications occurred in Asc-AVR. Five-year survival rates between groups were comparable (64.2% in Asc-AVR vs. 79.9% in C-AVR, p=0.420). Replacement of ascending aorta was not a risk factor of late death. Conclusion : AVR with ascending aorta grafting under hypothermic circulatory arrest based on preoperative and intraoperative assessment of ascending aorta is an acceptable method for patients with shaggy/calcified aorta.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 123-127, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688737


A 48-year old man consulted a doctor at a nearby medical clinic due to dyspnea and increased body mass which he began to experience in October, 2011. Further evaluation revealed the presence of three-vessel severe coronary artery disease, poor left ventricular function, and mitral valve regurgitation. Transthoracic echocardiography showed anterior wall asynergy and left ventricular enlargement. Reconstruction of the left ventricle was contemplated during the preoperative evaluation. The patient underwent hemodialysis for chronic renal failure prior to admission. Generally, delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI is used for cardiac viability assessment. However, gadolinium is contraindicated in a patient with chronic renal failure owing to the risk of development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. Thus, gadolinium-enhanced MRI is contraindicated in the patient. Instead, we used fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) computed tomography (CT) to assess myocardial viability. Consequently, viability was assessed except for a part of the apical electrode in the left anterior descending artery territory. Subsequently, revascularization and mitral valve annuloplasty with coronary artery bypass grafting of five vessels were performed in January, 2012 without left ventricular reconstruction. A left ventricular assist device was used postoperatively, from which he was later weaned. The outcome was good because post-operative left ventriculography revealed improvement in left ventricular wall motion. This case is presented including bibliographical comments on the effectiveness of FDG PET-CT for assessment of myocardial viability.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 230-234, 1996.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366225


Fifty-three patients who had received aortic valve replacement (AVR) using tilting disc valve prostheses (Lillehei-Kaster valve, Omniscience valve, Omnicarbon valve), underwent replacement of their aortic valve prostheses over the past 13 years. The indications for reoperation were non-structural opening failure in 35 patients, thrombosed valves, including 2 stuck valves in 8, prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) in 7 and perivalvular leakage (PVL) in 3. The interval periods until reoperation for opening failure and thrombosed valve were 112 and 118 months respectively, and for PVE and PVL were 21 and 25 months. There were 7 hospital deaths (13.2%). Surgical results in cases of active PVE with root abscess and stuck valve required emergency operation were significantly worse than these for nonstructural opening failure. Opening failures, which accounted for two-thirds of the indications for reoperation was found to be due to subvalvular pannus formation on minor orifices which hindered the disc from opening properly. It was suggested that reoperation for these types of prosthetic valve should be done before they develop into emergency cases, taking account of these valve-related complications.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 217-223, 1996.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366223


The severity of mitral regurgitation (MR) and tricuspid regurgitation (TR) was evaluated semiquantitatively by Doppler color flow imaging. The maximum MR area/body surface area (MRA/BSA) correlated significantly to the severity of angiographyic changes (tau=0.897). The maximum TR area/body surface area (TRA/BSA) also correlated significantly to the severity in angiography (tau=0.874). The cutoff values were 0.5, 2, 4, and 8cm<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>2</sup> for MRA/BSA and 1, 2.5, 5, and 10cm<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>2</sup> for TRA/BSA. Fourteen children (mean age 4.2 years) underwent repair of partial atrioventricular septal defects (P-AVSD) from 1985 to 1992. The cleft in the anterior leaflet was closed in the mitral valve; other procedures such as annuloplasty were not performed. They have been followed for periods from 7 months to 7 years and 5 months (mean 4 years); they were examined by echo cardiography and the Holter electrical cardiogram at the end of the period. MR had reduced to grade 0-II in all cases. No patients were given any medication, and all remained in NYHA Functional Class I. Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia developed in only one patient. We concluded that no annuloplasty in mitral valve is needed in children suffering from P-AVSD.