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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688738


A 62-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of dyspnea. Electrocardiogram showed chronic atrial fibrillation and echocardiogram revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. His history included a motorbike accident at age 17, and a heart murmur was pointed out in the following year. He developed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation when he was 45 years old. Heart failure was not controlled by medication and tricuspid valve repair was indicated. At surgery, the anterior leaflet of tricuspid valve was widely prolapsed due to chordal rupture. We performed chordal reconstruction with 4 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (CV-5®) sutures, and ring annuloplasty. Furthermore, a small fenestration at the tricuspid annulus was noticed and was closed with a direct suture. The biatrial modified Maze procedure was performed subsequently. The patient is doing well without TR recurrence, and restored sinus rhythm is maintained. We report successful repair of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375901


An 80-year-old man felt a loss of strength and sharp pain in both lower limbs while playing gate-ball, consulted a nearby doctor, and was followed up. Because the sharp pains in both lower limbs became aggravated the next day, he was given a previously prescribed medication. Both femoral pulses were absent and acute arterial obstruction of the lower limbs was suspected. A contrast-enhanced CT scan showed a thrombosed infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with a maximum transverse diameter of 37 mm, and both external iliac arteries were contrast imaged by collateral circulation pathways. We diagnosed acute thrombosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, and was urgently transported to our hospital. We classified his lower limbs as Balas grade III and TASC classification grade IIb and Rutherford classification grade IIb. He exhibited no abdominal symptoms and since we confirmed the blood flow of his lower limbs, we decided to perform revascularization. An extra-anatomical bypass (axillo-bifemoral bypass) was conducted because he had dementia, and was old. After the operation, myonephropathic metabolic syndrome (MNMS) did not develop, and the patient was discharged on foot on the 16th postoperative day. Acute thrombosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is a rare disease. Because the ischemic area widens, often causing serious MNMS after the revascularization, it has a poor prognosis. Here, we report a case in which one such patient was rescued.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367249


Pulse wave velocity is widely used as an index of arterial stiffness. The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of pulse wave velocity as a risk factor in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Arterial stiffness was measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the ratio of the patient's baPWV to the age-matched normal value was calculated in 42 CABG patients. Age and male/female ratios were 66.7 years and 33/9, respectively. baPWV (1, 820.7±459.8cm/s) was higher in CABG patients than that in age-matched normal value. Preoperatively, the baPWV ratio in the group with the history of cerebrovascular disease was significantly higher than that in the group who had no cerebrovascular disease (<i>p</i><0.05). In contrast, the baPWV ratio did not correlate to the severity of other cardiovascular diseases. There was one (2.4%) in-hospital death and 23 incidences of postoperative complication in 16 patients. The baPWV ratio in the group with postoperative complications was significantly higher than that in the group with no complications (1.38±0.33 vs. 1.16±0.22; <i>p</i><0.05). In this study, baPWV in CABG patients was higher compared with that in the age-matched general population, indicating the existence of atherosclerotic vascular changes. The elevated bePWV is also a risk factor of postoperative complications in patients who have undergone CABG.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367232


A 16-year-old high school boy experienced intermittent claudication of his left lower limb during boxing training. Physical examination revealed a cold left foot and diminished pulse. A 64-row multi-slice CT (MSCT) demonstrated lateral shift and severe stenosis of the left popliteal artery due to malposition of the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle. A diagnosis of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (Delaney type II) was established and a surgical correction was planned. During surgery, since the artery was found to be compressed but not occluded, we simply released the popliteal artery by division of the medial head of the gastrocnemius and abnormal flips of muscle. The postoperative ankle brachial pressure index rose from “not measurable” to 1.22. MSCT was useful to characterize this anomaly by expressing the precise anatomical relation of muscle, bone and artery, which was a good guide for an appropriate surgical intervention.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366891


A 52-year-old man presented with a pulsatile mass in the right groin. He had undergone lumbar sympathectomy and aorto-right femoral artery bypass using an 8mm Microvel double velour graft, 14 years previously, for aortoiliac occlusive disease caused by thromboangiitis obliterans. Based on a clinical diagnosis of an anastomotic aneurysm, an operation was performed. When the aneurysm was incised, it was found that the anastomosis of the graft to the femoral artery was intact and that the graft itself had a defect, 3cm in size on the anterior wall, 1.5cm proximal to the distal anastomosis. The final diagnosis was a nonanastomotic false aneurysm due to prosthetic graft failure. The failed portion of the graft was resected, and a 10mm Hemashield Gold woven double velour graft was interposed between the old graft and the right femoral artery. Generally, arterial grafts below the groin are subject to high levels of mechanical stress, and graft failure is not uncommon. Vascular surgeons should keep in mind that graft failure is not rare in patients with long-standing prosthetic grafts.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366600


This study was designed to assess the role of macrophages in saphenous vein graft disease after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Three newly harvested saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) and 6 SVGs removed from patients 8 to 15 years after CABG (3 were occluded soon after the operation and 3 became diseased after a long period) were immunostained for macrophages and investigated microscopically. No macrophages were detected in the newly harvested SVGs. In the grafts with early occlusion, macrophages were detected only in the superficial layer of the intima. In the grafts that became diseased after a long period, macrophage accumulation was detected at the site of atherosclerotic lesions. In the pathogenesis of arterial atherosclerotic lesions, vascular endothelial cell damage and subsequent subendothelial migration of monocytes/macrophages in the early phase are thought to be very important. This study revealed that macrophage migration into the intima of SVGs occurs soon after surgery and suggested it could be the basis of saphenous vein graft disease occurring long after CABG.