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Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 286-289, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362114


We describe a 77-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis, porcelain aorta and coronary artery disease, who underwent apicoaortic bypass with coronary artery bypass grafting. The patient, who had a history of aortitis syndrome had dyspnea. Cardiac echocardiography showed severe aortic valve stenosis (aortic valve pressure gradient (max/mean) = 115/74.4 mmHg, aortic valve area = 0.48 cm<sup>2</sup>). Coronary angiography showed severe stenosis of right coronary artery orifice (#1.90%) . Computed tomography showed severe calcification of the thoracic aorta and surgical manipulation for ascending aorta was impossible. We did not perform ordinary aortic valve replacement. Instead, apicoaortic bypass with coronary artery bypass grafting was performed. We approached by a left anterolateral thoracotomy at the 6th intercostal level. Apicoaortic valved conduit (valved graft : Edwards Prima Plus Stentless Porcine Bioprosthesis 19 mm + UBE woven graft 16 mm) was implanted. Saphenous vein graft was harvested and coronary bypass grafting (valved conduit-#4AV) was performed in the same operative field. Postoperative cine MRI showed that most of the cardiac stroke volume flowed through the conduit (44.4 ml/beat, 92.3%), with the flow via the aortic valve accounting for 3.69 ml/beat, 7.7%. Postoperative enhanced CT showed that the coronary artery bypass graft was patent. Apicoaortic bypass is a good surgical option for aortic stenosis with severe calcification aorta and coronary artery bypass grafting can also be performed in the same view.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 269-271, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362110


We describe a novel method for repeat median sternotomy. We have successfully used ‘finger’ lifting resternotomy technique and achieved zero major cardiovascular injury/catastrophic hemorrhage events at reoperation. After general anesthesia, all patients were placed in the supine position and two external defibrillator pads were placed on the chest wall. We perform a median skin and subcutaneous incision along the previous sternotomy incision extending 3 cm distal to the sternum. The sternal wires that had been used for the previous closure were left in place but untied. Using a long electric cautery, right thoracotomy was performed under the right costal arch approach. Then, the operator could approximate the sternal wires in the retro-sternal space. At the same time, the operator could confirm the retro-sternal adhesion status which by touching with a finger. Resternotomy was performed using an oscillating saw pointed toward the operator's finger, which allowed safe re-median sternotomy from the lower to the upper part of the sternum. This technique of finger-lifting resternotomy has been employed in 50 cardiovascular reoperations and resulted in 0 incident of major cardiac injury or catastrophic hemorrhage. The finger-lifting resternotomy technique is safe and simple in reoperation procedures and yield excellent early outcomes.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 90-93, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361983


We encountered three cases of infra-renal infected abdominal aortic aneurysm in 2007 and 2008. Preoperative blood culture was positive in two of the three patients. All of the patients presented with fever of unknown origin. We replaced the affected segment of the abdominal aorta with a synthetic graft in 1 patient, and with a cryopreserved arterial homograft in the remaining 2 patients. An infected abdominal aortic aneurysm is a life-threatening condition. Diagnosis is often difficult, and emergency surgery may be necessitated by rupture of the aneurysm. Our experience suggests that computed tomography is effective for the diagnosis of infected aneurysms. The most effective surgical technique consists of complete resection of the aneurysm, <i>in</i>-<i>situ </i>replacement of the affected aortic segment with a synthetic graft or homograft, and omental coverage.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 273-275, 2009.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361935


A 61-year-old man underwent thoracic aortic graft replacement and abdominal aortic graft replacement because of a dissecting aneurysm. He presented with a ruptured residual dissecting thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm and underwent emergency thoraco-abdominal aortic graft replacement in February 2007. An inverted bifurcated graft was fashioned by cutting one of the two graft legs and creating an elliptical patch, like a cobra-head. In order to prevent paraplegia after the operation, it was necessary to shorten the duration of spinal cord ischemia. Once the elliptical patch was sutured to the orifices of the internal costal arteries with running sutures, selective intercostal arterial perfusion was initiated by using a cardiopulmonary bypass. After the operation, he did not suffer paraplegia.

Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 345-348, 2008.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361862


A 58-year-old man was admitted because of enlargement in diameter of the descending thoracic aorta. Six years previously, he had undergone graft replacement of the proximal descending aorta due to a chronic dissecting aneurysm. During that surgery, distal fenestration involving resection of the intimal flap of the distal anastomotic site and graft replacement with distal anastomosis of the true and false lumen were performed. Our preoperative enhanced computed tomography (eCT) revealed a thoracic aortic aneurysm 58mm in diameter at the site of distal fenestration. Graft replacement through left lateral thoracotomy was considered difficult because of previous occurrence of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (MRSA) empyema after the previous operation: hence, endovascular repair was done using a handmade stent graft to interrupt blood flow into the false lumen. The postoperative course was uneventful. Postoperative eCT showed the thrombosed false lumen and the shrinkage of the aneurysm from 58 to 38mm in diameter over a period of 18 months.