Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
Arq Asma Alerg Imunol ; 7(3): 267-272, Jul.Set.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524178


Introdução: A doença granulomatosa crônica (DGC) é caracterizada por um defeito na capacidade microbicida das células fagocíticas (monócitos e neutrófilos), com alta mortalidade se não diagnosticada precocemente. Os pacientes apresentam infecções recorrentes ou graves, suscetibilidade a granulomas em órgãos profundos, doenças autoimunes e doença inflamatória intestinal. Objetivo e Método: Relato de aspectos clínicos e do tratamento de cinco pacientes com doença granulomatosa crônica. Resultados: Cinco pacientes, três meninos, medianas de idade no início dos sintomas e diagnóstico de 8 meses e 48 meses, respectivamente, foram estudados por um período de 10 anos. Pneumonia (5/5) e doença micobacteriana (3/5) foram as manifestações iniciais mais comuns. Alterações pulmonares foram observadas em todos os casos. Mutações nos genes CYBB e NCF1 foram identificadas em três casos. Antibioticoprofilaxia foi instituída em todos os pacientes e três foram submetidos ao transplante de células tronco-hematopoiéticas (TCH), aos 7, 18 e 19 anos e com sobrevida atual entre 4 a 5 anos. Conclusão: O monitoramento cuidadoso de infecções graves com tratamento imediato foi crucial para a sobrevivência. O TCH, mesmo ao final da adolescência, promoveu a cura da DGC em três pacientes.

Introduction: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is characterized by a defective microbicidal capacity of phagocytic cells (monocytes and neutrophils) with high mortality if not early diagnosed. Patients have recurrent or severe infections and are susceptible to granulomas in visceral organs, autoimmune diseases, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Objective and Method: To report the clinical features and treatment of 5 patients with CGD. Results: Five patients, 3 boys, with median ages at symptom onset and diagnosis of 8 months and 48 months, respectively, were followed for 10 years. Pneumonia (5/5) and mycobacterial disease (3/5) were the most common initial manifestations. Pulmonary changes were observed in all cases. Mutations in the CYBB and NCF1 genes were identified in 3 cases. All patients received antibiotic prophylaxis. Three patients underwent a hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) at 7, 18, and 19 years, with current survival of 4 to 5 years. Conclusion: Careful monitoring for severe infection with prompt treatment was crucial for survival. Even though HSCT was performed in late adolescence, it promoted the cure of CGD in 3 patients.

J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(2): 190-195, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375784


Abstract Objectives: To compare the frequency of hospitalization in children with Inborn Errors of Immunity with antibody deficiency previous to intravenous immunoglobulin (pre- IVIG) with a one-year period after initial IVIG (post-IVIG). Methods: Medical reports of 45 patients during an eight-year period were reviewed from 2018 to 2019. Wilcoxon-test was used for related samples. Results: Forty-five children were included in the study, aged 29-249 months of age, and most of them (64.4%) were males. Median ages at onset symptoms and at diagnosis were 6 and 73 months old, respectively. Specific antibody deficiency and unclassified hypogammaglobulinemia were the predominant diagnoses (31.1% and 17.8%, respectively). X-linked agammaglobulinemia, Hyper IgE syndrome, Hyper IgM, transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy, and Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) were also reported, in a low frequency. Forty-four (97.8%) patients were hospitalized before IVIG, and 10 patients (22.2%) after. Annual mean hospital admission reduced from 2.5 to 0.5, pre and post-IVIG, respectively (p < 0.0001). Mean length of stay (LOS) reduced from 71 to 4.7 days/year (p < 0.0001) in general ward and in the PICU from 17.2 days/year to zero (p < 0.0002). Pneumonia was the main cause of hospital admission with a reduction in the number of episodes per patient from an average of 2.2-0.1 per year (p < 0.001). Concomitant use of antibiotic prophylaxis did not influence the number of hospital admission. Conclusion: One-year intravenous IVIG significantly decreased the number of hospitalizations and length of stay in children with impaired antibody production. Social and economic impacts would be required.