Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 61
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 518-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate predictive value of model based on pre-surgical 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters for mediastinal lymph node metastasis (LNM) in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods:A total of 288 patients with lung adenocarcinoma (135 males, 153 females, age (61.6±8.5) years) who diagnosed and treated in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2016 to February 2021 were enrolled retrospectively. All patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT examination within 1 month before operation, and underwent complete resection of primary lung tumor and standard lymph node dissection. PET/CT parameters were extracted (PET metabolic parameters: minimum SUV(SUV min), SUV max, SUV mean, SUV standard deviation (SUV std), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG); CT parameters: minimum CT value (HU min), maximum CT value (HU max), mean CT value (HU mean), CT value standard deviation (HU std)). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used for screening parameters and establishing model to predict LNM. ROC curves analyses were used to evaluate the predictive performance of models. Results:Among 288 patients, 90 had LNM, and 361 metastatic lymph nodes (N1: 186, N2: 175) were reported by pathology. SUV min (odds ratio ( OR)=1.859, 95% CI: 1.074-3.220, P=0.027), SUV max ( OR=2.255, 95% CI: 1.306-3.893, P=0.004), SUV mean ( OR=0.277, 95% CI: 0.115-0.665, P=0.004) were predictors of LNM. The AUC of PET/CT model was 0.849 (95% CI: 0.804-0.893), and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values were 87.8%(79/90), 72.2%(143/198), 77.1%(222/288), 59.0%(79/134) and 92.9%(143/154), respectively. Conclusion:The model based on 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters can improve the accuracy of pre-surgical N-staging in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 886-893, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008913

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the differences between air probe and filled probe for measuring high-frequency dielectric properties of biological tissues are investigated based on the equivalent circuit model to provide a reference for the methodology of high-frequency measurement of biological tissue dielectric properties. Two types of probes were used to measure different concentrations of NaCl solution in the frequency band of 100 MHz-2 GHz. The results showed that the accuracy and reliability of the calculated results of the air probe were lower than that of the filled probe, especially the dielectric coefficient of the measured material, and the higher the concentration of NaCl solution, the higher the error. By laminating the probe terminal, liquid intrusion could be prevented, to a certain extent, to improve the accuracy of measurement. However, as the frequency decreased, the influence of the film on the measurement increased and the measurement accuracy decreased. The results of the study show that the air probe, despite its simple dimensional design and easy calibration, differs from the conventional equivalent circuit model in actual measurements, and the model needs to be re-corrected for actual use. The filled probe matches the equivalent circuit model better, and therefore has better measurement accuracy and reliability.


Subject(s)
Reproducibility of Results , Sodium Chloride , Calibration
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 281-289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878972

ABSTRACT

In this study, 24 copies of samples of Chrysanthemum morifolium and soil from two main production towns in Macheng city were collected, and the contents of 13 mineral elements, 5 effective components and 14 soil nutrient factors in Ch. morifolium were determined. The enrichment characteristics of available soil nutrients by mineral elements were analyzed and the dominant factors affecting the effective components of Ch. morifolium were screened. The results showed that the content of mineral elements and soil nutrients and effective components are very different, and variation of soil fertility was much greater than that of inorganic elements in chrysanthemum plants. In general, the level of element content in Ch. morifolium from different producing areas is K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd. The content of K, N and Mg is higher than that of common crops, and the content of Cu, Cd and Pb in Ch. morifolium from various producing areas does not exceed the relevant standards. The N, P and K enrichment capacity in soil was stronger than that of other elements, and the Ca enrichment ability was the worst. The content of AvCu in the soil was positively correlated with the contents of N, Mg, K, Fe and Cu elements in Ch. morifolium. The contents of chlorogenic acid, luteolin, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid reached the pharmacopoeia standard. The percentage of chlorogenic acid and 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid in Ch. morifolium that from Huangtugang town in the active components were generally higher than that from Futianhe town, and the diffe-rences of luteolin contents in the two producing areas were relatively small. The correlation and regression analysis showed that the contents of Cu, Zn and Cr in Ch. morifolium were positively correlated with the active components, while the contents of Fe, Mn and Ni were negatively correlated with the contents of AvP, AvK, TK, AvMn and AvCu in soil. In general, Zn and Ca fertilizer should be added to the ecological planting of Ch. morifolium, K fertilizer should be added, and N and P fertilizer should be applied appropriately.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum , Fertilizers , Minerals , Nutrients , Soil
4.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 13-17, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the motility of the esophagus while swallowing of brainstem stroke survivors.Methods:Eighteen patients and 10 healthy subjects were included in the study. There was no significant difference in average age, gender, weight or body mass index between the two groups. All underwent high-resolution esophageal manometry to assess esophageal motility while swallowing, and they were rated using the version 3.0 of the Chicago classification.Results:Fourteen of the 18 stroke survivors displayed abnormal esophageal dynamics (77.8%), compared with only 10.0% of the healthy control group, but that difference was not statistically significant. The typical abnormalities were a lack of contraction, high pressure contractile esophagus, gastroesophageal junction outflow obstruction and/or distal esophageal spasm. Compared with the control group, the average resting pressure of the patients′ upper esophageal sphincters (UESs) was significantly lower, while the UES residual pressure and integrated relaxation pressure of their lower esophageal sphincters (LESs) were higher and the average UES relaxation time was significantly shorter. No significant differences were found in the LES resting pressures, distal contractile integrals or the distal latency between the two groups.Conclusions:Abnormal esophageal motility is highly prevalent in brainstem stroke survivors and due attention should be paid to it. High-resolution manometry can be used to assess this condition.

5.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 13-17, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798938

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the motility of the esophagus while swallowing of brainstem stroke survivors.@*Methods@#Eighteen patients and 10 healthy subjects were included in the study. There was no significant difference in average age, gender, weight or body mass index between the two groups. All underwent high-resolution esophageal manometry to assess esophageal motility while swallowing, and they were rated using the version 3.0 of the Chicago classification.@*Results@#Fourteen of the 18 stroke survivors displayed abnormal esophageal dynamics (77.8%), compared with only 10.0% of the healthy control group, but that difference was not statistically significant. The typical abnormalities were a lack of contraction, high pressure contractile esophagus, gastroesophageal junction outflow obstruction and/or distal esophageal spasm. Compared with the control group, the average resting pressure of the patients′ upper esophageal sphincters (UESs) was significantly lower, while the UES residual pressure and integrated relaxation pressure of their lower esophageal sphincters (LESs) were higher and the average UES relaxation time was significantly shorter. No significant differences were found in the LES resting pressures, distal contractile integrals or the distal latency between the two groups.@*Conclusions@#Abnormal esophageal motility is highly prevalent in brainstem stroke survivors and due attention should be paid to it. High-resolution manometry can be used to assess this condition.

6.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 170-173, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746022

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of radiotherapy on the swallowing ability of persons with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) when swallowing food with different consistencies.Methods Twenty NPC patients were monitored fluoroscopically while swallowing materials with three different consistencies after radiotherapy.The oral transit time,oral residue,pharyngeal residue,penetration-aspiration and cricopharyngeal muscle function were observed.Results There were significant differences in all of the measurements when swallowing the three different foods.There were significant differences in all of the measurements between swallowing paste and liquids,but only in the oral transit time,oral residue and pharyngeal residue between swallowing thin and thick liquids.Conclusions The severity of swallowing dysfunction varies in NPC patients after radiotherapy.Foods with different consistencies have different effects on swallowing ability.Videofluoroscopy can evaluate swallowing objectively and provide an objective basis for food preparation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 579-582, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754955

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the imaging features of MRI of tennis legs and to explore the pathogenesis of tennis legs. Methods A retrospective analysis was made on the MRI images of 38 patients with tennis legs which met the criteria and were clinically diagnosed in our hospital from May 2014 to June 2018. All patients underwent non?enhanced MRI. Coronal T1WI、T2WI fast spin echo (TSE) and transverse proton density weighted imaging (PDWI) were performed. The signs of fluid collection between gastrocnemius muscle (GM) and soleus muscle (SM),muscle and tendon injuries, superficial vein dilatation of calf were observed and recorded. Results Coronal T1WI, T2WI TSE and transverse PDWI sequences showed 30 (75.0%) places fluid collection (hematoma or effusion) between medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (MCM) and SM, 11 (27.5%) places fluid collection (hematoma or effusion) between lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle(LGM)and SM,7 (17.5%) places fluid collection (hematoma or effusion) in MGM and 2 (5.0%) placesin SM. There were 17 (42.5%) places that hematoma or effusion spread around the fascia of the lower leg. The diameter and thickness of hematoma or effusion are about 1.7-22.3 cm and 0.2-3.5 cm, respectively. Rupture of the GM was seen in 37 (92.5%) places,including 37 places rupture of the MGM at the myotendinous junction, 15 places rupture of the LGM at the myotendinous junction, 24 places tendonrupture of MGM,3 places tendon rupture of MGM and LGM,and 2 places tendon rupture of LGM. The maximum diameter of tendon rupture was 1.2-27.0 mm. The muscle rupture of MGM was seen in one place, and muscle rupture of MGM and LGM was seen in one place at the same time. Rupture of the SM was seen in 15 (37.5%) places, including 15 places rupture of the SM at the myotendinous junction, 2 places muscle rupture of SM, 6 places tendonrupture of SM. The maximum diameter of tendon rupture was 2.5-14.9 mm. Rupture of plantaris tendon (PT) was seen in 4 (10.0%) places. Superficial vein dilatation was seen in 3 (7.5%) places. Conclusion This study shows that the rupture of the MGM at the myotendinous junction and the tendon is the main responsibility of tennis leg.

8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 905-909, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824801

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare a new agar thickener with xanthan gum as a thickener in treating dyspha-gia patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. Methods Twenty nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with dysphagia after radiotherapy were asked to swallow moderately and extremely thick liquids thickened with the agar and xanthan gum, and their swallowing was recorded with a videofluoroscope. Results The average pharyngeal con-striction ratio when swallowing agar thickener was significantly lower than when swallowing the traditional thickener. The average oral transit time, the initiation of pharyngeal swallowing were both significantly quicker. There was no sig-nificant difference in the average penetration aspiration scale scores between the two thickeners. In the subjective eval-uation, the agar thickener was adjudged smoother and with better residual mouthfeel than the xanthan gum, but the scent of the xanthan gum was preferred. Conclusion The new agar thickener is smooth and not sticky. It produces faster transport with less oropharyngeal residue. It can be widely used among nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with dysphagia after radiotherapy.

9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 75-86, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773432

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The objective of this study is to determine whether coronary atherosclerotic plaque composition is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#We performed a cross-sectional analysis in 549 subjects without previous diagnosis or clinical symptoms of CVD in a community cohort of middle-aged Chinese adults. The participants underwent coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography for the evaluation of the presence and composition of coronary plaques. CVD risk was evaluated by the Framingham risk score (FRS) and the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score.@*RESULTS@#Among the 549 participants, 267 (48.6%) had no coronary plaques, 201 (36.6%) had noncalcified coronary plaques, and 81 (14.8%) had calcified or mixed coronary plaques. The measures of CVD risk including FRS and ASCVD risk score and the likelihood of having elevated FRS significantly increased across the groups of participants without coronary plaques, with noncalcified coronary plaques, and with calcified or mixed coronary plaques. However, only calcified or mixed coronary plaques were significantly associated with an elevated ASCVD risk score [odds ratio (OR) 2.41; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09-5.32] compared with no coronary plaques, whereas no significant association was found for noncalcified coronary plaques and elevated ASCVD risk score (OR 1.25; 95% CI 0.71-2.21) after multivariable adjustment.@*CONCLUSION@#Calcified or mixed coronary plaques might be more associated with an elevated likelihood of having CVD than noncalcified coronary plaques.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , Computed Tomography Angiography , Odds Ratio , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Diagnostic Imaging , Epidemiology , Risk Factors
10.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 260-271, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) could predict a lower risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. This study was conducted to investigate the association between ideal CVH and subclinical atherosclerosis in a population cohort of Chinese adults aged ⪖ 40 years.@*METHODS@#This study was designed as a cross-sectional analysis of 8,395 participants who had complete data at baseline and a prospective analysis of 4,879 participants who had complete data at 4.3 years of follow-up. Ideal CVH metrics were defined according to the American Heart Association. Subclinical atherosclerosis was evaluated by plaques in carotid arteries, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR).@*RESULTS@#Both the prevalence and incidence of atherosclerosis measures were found to be decreased with increasing numbers of ideal CVH metrics at baseline (all P values for trend < 0.01). The levels of CIMT and UACR at follow-up showed an inverse and significant association with the numbers of ideal CVH metrics at baseline (both P values for trend < 0.05) but a borderline significant association with baPWV (P for trend = 0.0505). Taking participants with 0-1 ideal metric as reference, we found that participants with 5-6 ideal metrics had significantly lower risks of developing carotid plaques (odds ratio, OR = 0.46; 95% confidence interval, CI 0.27-0.79), increased CIMT (OR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.42-0.84), and increased baPWV (OR = 0.57; 95% CI 0.34-0.97) after full adjustments. A significant interactive effect of age and CVH was detected on CIMT and baPWV progression (both P values for interaction < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The numbers of ideal CVH metrics showed a significant and inverse association with the risk of developing subclinical atherosclerosis in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults, whereas its dose-response effect was attenuated in individuals aged ≥ 60 years and partially weakened in male participants.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atherosclerosis , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Status , Prospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 905-909, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800338

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare a new agar thickener with xanthan gum as a thickener in treating dysphagia patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy.@*Methods@#Twenty nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with dysphagia after radiotherapy were asked to swallow moderately and extremely thick liquids thickened with the agar and xanthan gum, and their swallowing was recorded with a videofluoroscope.@*Results@#The average pharyngeal constriction ratio when swallowing agar thickener was significantly lower than when swallowing the traditional thickener. The average oral transit time, the initiation of pharyngeal swallowing were both significantly quicker. There was no significant difference in the average penetration aspiration scale scores between the two thickeners. In the subjective evaluation, the agar thickener was adjudged smoother and with better residual mouthfeel than the xanthan gum, but the scent of the xanthan gum was preferred.@*Conclusion@#The new agar thickener is smooth and not sticky. It produces faster transport with less oropharyngeal residue. It can be widely used among nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with dysphagia after radiotherapy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 647-650, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797827

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of videofluoroscopy in assessing the capsule swallowing ability of stroke survivors.@*Methods@#Twenty-seven stroke survivors with functional oral intake scale ratings of 4-7 with no aspiration were selected as a patient group, while 16 healthy subjects were chosen as a control group. All swallowed capsules filled with barium sulfate with water while being monitored videofluoroscopically. The success rate of capsule swallowing was recorded along with oral transit time, stage transition time (STT), pharyngeal transition time, the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening time, delay time (DT), superior hyoid bone movement, anterior hyoid bone movement and UES opening diameter for each swallowing.@*Results@#The swallowing success ratio was 78.3% in the patient group, significantly lower than in the control group. Swallowing failures manifested as hindered transport and retention of the capsule in the oral or pharyngeal cavity. Significant differences were found in STT and DT between the two groups.@*Conclusion@#Even if eating and swallowing ability recover somewhat after a stroke, survivors still have difficulty swallowing oral medication. Clinical assessment for ability to take oral medication is crucial and videofluoroscopy can be one useful tool.

13.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 647-650, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791991

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of videofluoroscopy in assessing the capsule swallowing ability of stroke survivors. Methods Twenty-seven stroke survivors with functional oral intake scale ratings of 4-7 with no aspiration were selected as a patient group, while 16 healthy subjects were chosen as a control group. All swallowed capsules filled with barium sulfate with water while being monitored videofluoroscopically. The success rate of capsule swallowing was recorded along with oral transit time, stage transition time ( STT) , pharyngeal transition time, the up-per esophageal sphincter ( UES) opening time, delay time ( DT) , superior hyoid bone movement, anterior hyoid bone movement and UES opening diameter for each swallowing. Results The swallowing success ratio was 78.3% in the patient group, significantly lower than in the control group. Swallowing failures manifested as hindered transport and retention of the capsule in the oral or pharyngeal cavity. Significant differences were found in STT and DT between the two groups. Conclusion Even if eating and swallowing ability recover somewhat after a stroke, survivors still have difficulty swallowing oral medication. Clinical assessment for ability to take oral medication is crucial and videofluoros-copy can be one useful tool.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1994-1997, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756904

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment fororbital wall fracture of soldiers. <p>METHODS: This study choose 58 soldiers(58 eyes)who had surgical treatments for orbital wall fracture in our hospital from January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2018. Their demographic characteristics, causes of injury, fracture sites, preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, eye movement, eye prominence, and operative conditions were recorded and statistically analyzed. The patients were followed up for 6mo after treatment. <p>RESULTS: All patients in 58 cases of orbital wall fractures were male. The <i>P</i>50 age of them was 21, and most of them were 20-29 years old(78%). 45 cases(78%)were injured at work, in which boxing injury and impingement injury were the main causes(74%). Simple medial orbital wall, inferior wall and both of the medial and inferior wall fractures were the common types(91%). The visual acuity of all the patients did not change significantly after operation comparing with preoperative visual acuity. According to the clinical data of postoperative CT and postoperative follow up, no implant displacement, infection or other serious complications appeared. Eye movement disorder of 33 patients were improved. Abnormal suborbital perception of 7 patients disappeared. And enophthalmos of 3 patients were corrected. <p>CONCLUSION: Young male soldiers are the main population of orbital wall fracture. It is of great significance to improve the protection in daily training. Surgical treatment for orbital wall fractures has significant therapeutic effect. Furthermore, it is very necessary for primary hospital to develop basic diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 609-612, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756201

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of applying surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on the functioning of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) using the high-resolution solid-state manometry.Methods Seventeen healthy volunteers were selected and given sham stimulation (SS),superior and inferior hyoid stimulation (SIHS),superior hyoid stimulation (SHS) or inferior hyoid stimulation (IHS) at a frequency of 80 Hz and the maximum tolerated level before swallowing.Any changes in the kinematics or biomechanics during swallowing and at rest were recorded using high-resolution solid-state manometry.One-factor repeated analysis of the measurement variance was used.Results A significant decrease in the duration of UES relaxation was observed in response to the electrical stimulation (compared with the sham stimulation).The UES's residual pressure showed a rising trend during electrical stimulation,especially in response to IHS,but the difference compared with SS was not significant.The UES's resting pressure during SIHS increased significantly compared with SS,but there was no significant difference between SHS and IHS in this respect.Conclusions Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied to the neck can immediately change the functioning of the UES.NMES at the maximum tolerated intensity can reduce the duration of UES relaxation,which is important for dysphagia therapy and research.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 106-114, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the association between serum uric acid levels and cardiovascular disease risk among individuals without diabetes.@*METHODS@#We investigated the association between serum uric acid levels and the risk of prevalent cardiometabolic diseases, 10-year Framingham risk for coronary heart disease, and 10-year risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) among 8,252 participants aged ⪖ 40 years without diabetes from Jiading district, Shanghai, China.@*RESULTS@#Body mass index, waist circumference, blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, blood pressure, and serum lipids increased progressively across the sex-specific quartiles of uric acid (all P trend < 0.05). Compared with individuals in the lowest quartile, those in the higher quartiles had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia (all P trend < 0.05). A fully adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that individuals in the highest quartile had an increased risk of predicted cardiovascular disease compared with those in the lowest quartile of uric acid. The multivariate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) [95% confidence intervals (CIs)] for the highest quartiles for high Framingham risk were 3.00 (2.00-4.50) in men and 2.95 (1.08-8.43) in women. The multivariate adjusted ORs (95% CIs) for the highest quartile for high ASCVD risk were 1.93 (1.17-3.17) in men and 4.53 (2.57-7.98) in women.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum uric acid level is associated with an increased risk of prevalent obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, 10-year Framingham risk for coronary heart disease, and 10-year risk for ASCVD among Chinese adults without diabetes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , China , Coronary Disease , Blood , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glycated Hemoglobin , Lipids , Blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Uric Acid , Blood
17.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 78-84, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702953

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the curative value of the tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) and Danning table (DN) in the prevention of bile duct stones recurrence after ERCP. Methods 210 patients with Choledocholithiasisby ERCP were randomly divided into 3 groups. The patients in the control group were not given any medicine. The patients in the TUDCA group took TUDCA every night. The patients in the DN group took Danning tablets of three times a day. The course of medication and followed up for the patients was 24 months after the operation. All the patients would be examined regularly by Biliary color doppler ultrasound and MRCP. The recurrence rates of Choledocholithiasis, cholesterol saturation index and serum lipid were recorded and compared statistically between the three groups. Results In total, 190 patients completed the treatment and follow-up according to the experimental design. The recurrence rates of the control, TUDCA and DN group were 17.46%(11/63), 6.34% (4/63) and 10.94% (7/64). The recurrence rates in the TUDCA and DN group were significantly lower than those the control group (P < 0.05).The recurrence rate in the TUDCA group was significantly lower than that in the DN group; On the tenth days after the operation, the CSI in the TUDCA were significantly lower than those the control group and the DN group (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the DN group and the control group (P > 0.05); To the patients without recurrence, the level of TC, LDL in the TUDCA group were significantly lower than those the control group and and the DN group (P < 0.05). The level of HDL in the TUDCA group were significantly higher than those the control group and and the DN group (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference on the level of HDL between the DN groupand the control group (P > 0.05). Conclusion The application of TUDCA and DN for patients with Choledocholithiasis after ERCP can effectively reduce the recurrence rates, the curative effect of TUDCA more than DN.

18.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 87-89,102, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700049

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the difference of teaching modes of course of digital signal processing for the undergraduates and postgraduates.Methods The teaching modes were compared from the aspects of educational objective,teaching content, teaching method,examination mode and etc.Results Differentiated teaching modes contributed to the satisfactory education of the undergraduates and postgraduates. Conclusion The differentiated teaching modes for the undergraduates and postgraduates provide references for the high-level education in universities and colleges of science and technology. [Chinese Medical Equipment Journal,2018,39(5):87-89,102]

19.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 20-23,29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700008

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose a method for accurately controlling the resistivity of 3D printing materials to facilitate to establish a human-head volume conductor model.Methods Two kinds of ABS/CB composite conductive printing materials covering the resistivity ranges of parenchymal and skull were selected through resistivity measurement and analysis. The correlation between the proportions and resistivities of the two kinds of ABS/CB materials and the empirical formula on the correlation between the resistivity and proportion was obtained through exponential function fitting. Results The selected ABS/CB composite material behaved well in frequency stability and time stability,and the obtained empirical formula had high-correlation coefficient.Conclusion Accurate control of 3D printing model resistivity is realized,and it's facilitated to gain 3D printing material with the same resistivity as those of skull and parenchymal.

20.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 15-19, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700007

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a human-head phantom with realistic skull anatomy and resistivity distribution in order to provide an accurate experimental platform for brain electrical impedance tomography(EIT).Methods Firstly a skull model with 3-layer structure was constructed with double-nozzle 3D printer,and every layer had its specific resistivity verified on the accuracy. Then brain parenchyma with its resistivity was modelled using 3D printer and cerebrospinal fluid and scalp were mimicked using NaCl solution;after the whole phantom was assembled,imaging test using EIT was performed.Results The skull model was similar to the realistic one in terms of anatomy and resistivity distribution;the EIT experiment on the new phantom showed similar results to simulation.Conclusion The proposed phantom has realistic skull anatomy,resistivity distribution and multi-layer anatomical structure, which reflects the features of skull resistivity and thus is suitable for experiments on brain EIT.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL