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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 42-53, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of Fructus lycii in improving exercise fatigue.@*METHODS@#A network pharmacological approach was used to explore potential mechanisms of action of Fructus lycii. Skeletal muscle C2C12 cells and immunofluorescence were employed to verify the effect and mechanism of the representative components in Fructus lycii predicted by network pharmacological analysis.@*RESULTS@#Six potential active components, namely quercetin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, 7-O-methylluteolin-6-C-beta-glucoside_qt, atropine, and glycitein, were identified to have potency in improving exercise fatigue via multiple pathways, such as the PI3K-Akt, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, IL-17, TNF, and MAPK signaling pathways. The immunofluorescence results indicated that quercetin, a significant active component in Fructus lycii, increased the mean staining area of 2-NBDG, TMRM, and MitoTracker, and decreased the area of CellRox compared to the control. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of p-38 MAPK, p-MAPK, p-JNK, p-PI3K, and p-AKT markedly increased after quercetin treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Fructus lycii might alleviate exercise fatigue through multiple components and pathways. Among these, quercetin appears to improve exercise fatigue by enhancing energy metabolism and reducing oxidative stress. The PI3K-AKT and MAPK signaling pathways also appear to play a role in this process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quercetin/therapeutic use , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fatigue/drug therapy
2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 319-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007247

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role and mechanism of DNA repair regulation in the process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. MethodsHCC tissue samples were collected from the patients with recurrence within two years or the patients with a good prognosis after 5 years, and the Tandem Mass Tag-labeled quantification proteomic study was used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins enriched in the four pathways of DNA replication, mismatch repair, base excision repair, and nucleotide excision repair, and the regulatory pathways and targets that play a key role in the process of HCC recurrence were analyzed to predict the possible regulatory mechanisms. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsFor the eukaryotic replication complex pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MCM2 (P=0.018), MCM3 (P=0.047), MCM4 (P=0.014), MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM6 (P=0.006), MCM7 (P=0.007), PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the nucleotide excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the base excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019) and LIG1 (P=0.042) in the HCC recurrence group; for the mismatch repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MSH2 (P=0.026), MSH6 (P=0.006), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), PCNA (P=0.019), and LIG1 (P=0.042) in recurrent HCC tissue. The differentially expressed proteins were involved in the important components of MCM complex, DNA polymerase complex, ligase LIG1, long patch base shear repair complex (long patch BER), and DNA mismatch repair protein complex. The clinical sample validation analysis of important differentially expressed proteins regulated by DNA repair showed that except for MCM6 with a trend of reduction, the recurrence group also had significant reductions in the relative protein expression levels of MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM7 (P=0.007), RCF4 (P=0.002), RCF5 (P<0.001), and MSH6 (P=0.006). ConclusionThere are significant reductions or deletions of multiple complex protein components in the process of DNA repair during HCC recurrence.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 424-431, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016645

ABSTRACT

Two methods including gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were established to detect common alkyl sulfonates and aryl sulfonates genotoxic impurities. Four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were determined by GC-MS/MS using butyl methanesulfonate as the internal standard, the chromatographic column was HP-5MS UI (30 mm × 0.25 mm, 0.25 µm), the carrier gas was helium, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1 in a constant flow mode, the sample inlet temperature was set to 250 ℃, the split ratio was 10∶1, and the initial temperature of the heating program was 80 ℃, maintained for 1 minute, and then increased to 240 ℃ at a heating rate of 30 ℃·min-1 for 2 minutes. The mass spectrometry detector was an electron bombardment ion source (EI source), the data collection condition was multi reaction monitoring mode (MRM), and method validation using the raw material of clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were good at 3-50 ng·mL-1 and 9-150 ng·mL-1, with a correlation coefficient of r > 0.999, The spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 1 and 3 ng·mL-1; Ten aryl sulfonates determined by LC-MS/MS, the chromatographic column was CSH Fluoro phenyl (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 µm), the mobile phase was methanol (B)-5 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (D), with a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min-1, and gradient elution was performed. The gradient program (T/% B) was set as 0/20, 25/90, 35/90, 42/20. The mass spectrometer detector was electro spray ionization with positive ionization mode (ESI+), the data collection was in dynamic multi reaction monitoring mode (dMRM), and the method was validated using the raw material of the clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of aryl sulfonates were good at 9-2 000 ng·mL-1, 3-100 ng·mL-1 and 0.9-30 ng·mL-1, respectively. The correlation coefficient r > 0.999, the spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 30, 1 and 0.3 ng·mL-1. Two detection methods did not detect potential sulfonate genotoxicity impurities in the above APIs. The established analytical methods are reliable and effective, which can provide reference for drug quality control and detection.

4.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 150-156, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016543

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the detection rate and main influencing factors of growth retardation in infants aged 0-3 in Minhang District, and to provide relevant evidence for early intervention, nutrition promotion and health guidance in the future. MethodsFrom September 1, 2020 to August 31, 2021, the height, weight, basic information of parents, feeding methods, and lifestyle habits of infants who received systematic healthcare aged 0‒3 in community health service centers and Minhang maternal child health hospital were collected, and the current situation and influencing factors of infant growth retardation were analyzed. ResultsAmong the 68 637 infants who underwent a systematic physical examination in Minhang District, the total detection rate of growth retardation was 5.03% (3 453/68 637). The detection rates in the 0-year-old, 1-year-old, 2-year-old, and 3-year-old groups were 6.57% (1 636/24 885), 3.90% (664/17 031), 4.62% (827/17 905), and 3.72% (326/8 773), respectively. There was no difference in the detection rate of growth retardation between boys and girls (P>0.05), and a multinomial logistic regression analysis of 13 influencing factors (infant birth weight, birth length, parental weight, height, education level, mother’s childbearing age, delivery mode, household registration, feeding mode within 6 months, infant sleep, etc.) in univariate analysis showed that birth weight <2 500 g (OR=3.99, 95%CI: 2.809‒5.674) or ≥4 000 g (OR=12.78, 95%CI: 8.868‒18.443), maternal height <150 cm (OR=7.10, 95%CI: 4.294‒11.753), paternal height <160 cm (OR=5.65, 95%CI: 2.792‒11.422), maternal education level of junior high school and below (OR=1.31, 95%CI: 1.087‒1.588), paternal education level of junior high school and below (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.838‒1.236), mixed feeding (OR=1.15, 95%CI: 1.031‒1.288), and sleep duration exceeding the recommended time (OR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.466‒1.710) were risk factors for growth retardation in infants aged 0‒3. Infants with a birth length <50 cm or with household registration in Shanghai had a higher incidence of growth retardation. ConclusionGrowth retardation in infants aged 0‒3 is influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and sleep factors. It is essential for parents to realize the impact of growth retardation on the future of their children early on and actively participate in the early detection, screening, and intervention of growth retardation.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 143-149, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016542

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the changes in the pathogen spectrum of viral diarrhea in local pediatric inpatients as well as any variations in genotypes of major pathogens during the COVID-19 control period. MethodsFecal samples were collected from the children <5 years who were hospitalized due to acute gastroenteritis in a pediatric hospital in Shanghai. PCR test was carried out to detect rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, astrovirus and enteric adenovirus, and then genotyping was performed for major pathogens. ResultsOut of 546 samples, 37.55% tested positive for virus with the following positive rate ranking: norovirus GⅡ (22.16%), group A rotavirus (16.12%), astrovirus (2.93%), enteric adenovirus (2.38%), sapovirus (0.92%) and norovirus GⅠ (0.18%). The predominant genotype within norovirus GⅡ were GⅡ.4[P31] and GⅡ.4[P16] with a proportion of 24.79% and 14.05% respectively. The detection rate of GⅡ.4[P31] dropped significantly over the 2-year period (χ2=16.140,P<0.001). In addition, an emerging rotavirus genotype G8P [8], which was rarely found nationally, was discovered for the first time locally with an increasing proportion, accounting for 7.95% of all rotavirus positive cases. Phylogenic analysis demonstrated that the representative strains of this genotype were genetically closer to the DS-1-like G8P [8] strain found in Southeast Asia. ConclusionThe changes in the prevalence of various norovirus genotypes together with the emergence of rare rotavirus genotype in the local area illustrate the importance of continuous monitoring of viral diarrhea and genotyping of key pathogens. Increased local activity of the rare genotype also adds new parameters in the efficacy evaluation of marketed vaccines and development of potential new vaccines in near future.

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 601-606, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012948

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the ethical review experience of organ donation and transplantation after the death of citizens, and provide reference value for medical institutions to carry out corresponding ethical review. By using descriptive research, purpose sampling method and the principle of data saturation, 10 members and secretaries of ethics committee on clinical application of organ transplantation technology were finally selected as respondents for semi-structured interviews. The Colaizzi 7-step analysis method was adopted to analyze, summarize and refine the theme. The results showed that the ethical review experience of organ donation and transplantation after the death of citizens included four themes: the responsibilities of ethics committee, the key points of ethics review, the form of ethics review conference and its advantages and disadvantages, and the construction of the ethics committee of organ transplantation. Therefore, there are defects in the ethical review of organ donation and transplantation in medical institutions at present. These can be remedied by enriching elements of the ethical review following the four principles of medical ethics, refining the laws related to organ donation after citizens’ death, constructing a reasonable and efficient pattern of ethical review conference, and establishing a robust and appropriate operation mode of organ transplantation ethics committee.

7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 44-49, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate long-term auditory changes and characteristics of Alport syndrome(AS) patients with different degrees of renal injury. Methods:Retrospectively analyzing clinical data of patients diagnosed AS from January 2007 to September 2022, including renal pathology, genetic detection and hearing examination. A long-term follow-up focusing on hearing and renal function was conducted. Results:This study included 70 AS patients, of which 33(25 males, 8 females, aged 3.4-27.8 years) were followed up, resulting in a loss rate of 52.9%.The follow-up period ranged from 1.1to 15.8 years, with 16 patients followed-up for over 10 years. During the follow-up, 10 patients presenting with hearing abnormalities at the time of diagnosis of AS had progressive hearing loss, and 3 patients with new hearing abnormalities were followed up, which appeared at 5-6 years of disease course. All of which were sensorineural deafness. While only 3 patients with hearing abnormalities among 13 patients received hearing aid intervention. Of these patients,7 developed end-stage renal disease(ESRD), predominantly males (6/7). The rate of long-term hearing loss was significantly different between ESRD group and non-ESRD group(P=0.013). There was no correlation between the progression of renal disease and long-term hearing level(P>0.05). kidney biopsies from 28 patients revealed varying degrees of podocyte lesion and uneven thickness of basement membrane. The severity of podocyte lesion was correlated with the rate of long-term hearing loss(P=0.048), and there was no correlation with the severity of hearing loss(P>0.05). Among 11 cases, theCOL4A5mutationwas most common (8 out of 11), but there was no significant correlation between the mutation type and hearing phenotype(P>0.05). Conclusion:AS patients exhibit progressive hearing loss with significant heterogeneity over the long-term.. THearing loss is more likely to occur 5-6 years into the disease course. Hearing abnormalities are closely related to renal disease status, kidney tissue pathology, and gene mutations, emphasizing the need for vigilant long-term hearing follow-up and early intervention.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Nephritis, Hereditary/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Kidney , Deafness , Hearing Loss/genetics , Kidney Failure, Chronic/pathology , Mutation
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 609-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985814

ABSTRACT

Postpancreatectomy acute pancreatitis (PPAP) is an acute inflammation of the remnant pancreas in the early postoperative period caused by a variety of factors. With the progress of related research,PPAP has been confirmed as an independent risk factor for many severe complications such as postoperative pancreatic fistula. In some cases, it progresses to necrotizing PPAP, increasing the risk of mortality. Currently, the International Study Group for Pancreatic Surgery has standardized and graded PPAP as an independent complication, taking into account factors including serum amylase, radiological features, and clinical impact. This review summarizes how the concept of PPAP was proposed, as well as the latest progress in the research related to its etiology, prognosis, prevention, and treatment. However, given the large heterogeneity of relevant studies and the fact that they were mostly retrospective, in the future, it is necessary to place more emphasis on PPAP and elucidate the problems through more standardized studies to optimize strategies for the prevention and management of complications after pancreatic surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis/complications , Retrospective Studies , Acute Disease , Pancreas , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Pancreatic Fistula/etiology , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 582-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985812

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the positive rate of left posterior lymph nodes of the superior mesenteric artery (14cd-LN) in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head carcinoma,to analyze the impact of 14cd-LN dissection on lymph node staging and tumor TNM staging. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 103 consecutive patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at Pancreatic Center,the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January to December 2022 were analyzed,retrospectively. There were 69 males and 34 females,with an age(M (IQR))of 63.0 (14.0) years (range:48.0 to 86.0 years). The χ2 test and Fisher's exact probability method was used for comparison of the count data between the groups,respectively. The rank sum test was used for comparison of the measurement data between groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyzes were used for the analysis of risk factors. Results: All 103 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy successfully using the left-sided uncinate process and the artery first approach. Pathological examination showed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in all cases. The location of the tumors was the pancreatic head in 40 cases,pancreatic head-uncinate in 45 cases,and pancreatic head-neck in 18 cases. Of the 103 patients,38 cases had moderately differentiated tumor and 65 cases had poorly differentiated tumor. The diameter of the lesions was 3.2 (0.8) cm (range:1.7 to 6.5 cm),the number of lymph nodes harvested was 25 (10) (range:11 to 53),and the number of positive lymph nodes was 1 (3) (range:0 to 40). The lymph node stage was stage N0 in 35 cases (34.0%),stage N1 in 43 cases (41.7%),and stage N2 in 25 cases (24.3%). TNM staging was stage ⅠA in 5 cases (4.9%),stage ⅠB in 19 cases (18.4%),stage ⅡA in 2 cases (1.9%),stage ⅡB in 38 cases (36.9%),stage Ⅲ in 38 cases (36.9%),and stage Ⅳ in 1 case (1.0%). In 103 patients with pancreatic head cancer,the overall positivity rate for 14cd-LN was 31.1% (32/103),and the positive rates for 14c-LN and 14d-LN were 21.4% (22/103) and 18.4% (19/103),respectively. 14cd-LN dissection increased the number of lymph nodes (P<0.01) and positive lymph nodes (P<0.01). As a result of the 14cd-LN dissection,the lymph node stage was changed in 6 patients,including 5 patients changed from N0 to N1 and 1 patient changed from N1 to N2. Similarly,the TNM stage was changed in 5 patients,including 2 patients changed from stage ⅠB to ⅡB,2 patients changed from stage ⅡA to ⅡB,and 1 patient changed from stage ⅡB to Ⅲ. Tumors located in the pancreatic head-uncinate (OR=3.43,95%CI:1.08 to 10.93,P=0.037) and the positivity of 7,8,9,12 LN (OR=5.45,95%CI:1.45 to 20.44,P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 14c-LN metastasis; while tumors with diameter >3 cm (OR=3.93,95%CI:1.08 to 14.33,P=0.038) and the positivity of 7,8,9,12 LN (OR=11.09,95%CI:2.69 to 45.80,P=0.001) were independent risk factors for 14d-LN metastasis. Conclusion: Due to its high positive rate in pancreatic head cancer,dissection of 14cd-LN during pancreaticoduodenectomy should be recommended,which can increase the number of lymph nodes harvested,provide a more accurate lymph node staging and TNM staging.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 678-682, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985757

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the morphology and immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of pseudostratified ependymal tubules in ovarian mature teratoma (MT). Methods: Five cases of ovarian MT with pseudostratified ependymal tubules were collected from Shenzhen Hospital(Futian) of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine and the Eighth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March 2019 to March 2022. In addition, 15 cases of ovarian MT with monolayer ependymal epithelium from Shenzhen Hospital (Futian) of Guangzhou University of Chinese medicine and seven cases of immature teratoma (IMT) from Hainan Provincial People's Hospital from March 2019 to March 2022 were collected as control. The morphologic characteristics and immunophenotypes of pseudostratified ependymal tubules, monolayer ependymal epithelium, and primitive neural epithelial tubules were observed and compared by H&E stain and IHC expression pattern of genes related to the differentiation status of neuroepithelium, namely SALL4, Glypican3, nestin, SOX2, Foxj1, and Ki-67. Results: Mean age of the five patients of ovarian MT with pseudostratified ependymal tubules was 26 years (range from 19 to 31 years). Two tumors were located in the left ovary and three in the right. All five cases were excised, and clinical follow-up was available (mean follow-up 1.5 years; range 0.5 to 3 years). No recurrence was noted in any cases. The pseudostratified ependymal tubules of ovarian MT, which were lined with columnar or oval epithelia up to 4-6 layers, were morphologically similar to the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT and different from monolayer ependymal epithelium of ovarian MT. By immunohistochemistry, SALL4 and Glypican3 were negative, Foxj1 was positive and Ki-67 index was lower in the pseudostratified ependymal tubules and the monolayer ependymal epithelium of ovarian MT. However, the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT showed variably expression of SALL4 and Glypican3, were negative for Foxj1 and high Ki-67 index. All the above three groups expressed nestin and SOX2. Conclusions: The pseudostratified ependymal tubules of ovarian MT, which have morphological similarities to the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT, are similar to the monolayer ependymal epithelia of the MT in immunophenotype. IHC assessment of Foxj1 and Ki-67 is helpful to differentiate the pseudostratified ependymal tubules of ovarian MT from the primitive neuroepithelial tubules of IMT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Nestin , Ki-67 Antigen , Immunohistochemistry , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Teratoma/pathology
11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985681

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes and molecular genetics of fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS). Methods: One hundred and thirty-four cases of FTS or tenosynovial fibroma diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2008 to April 2019 were selected. The clinical and histologic features of these cases were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed on the above cases. Results: There were a total of 134 cases of FTS, including 67 males and 67 females. The patients' median age was 38 years (ranged from 2 to 85 years). The median tumor size was 1.8 cm (ranged from 0.1 to 6.8 cm). The most common site was the upper extremity (76/134, 57%). Follow-up data was available in 28 cases and there was no detectable recurrence. Classic FTS (114 cases) were well-defined and hypocellular. A few spindle-shaped fibroblasts were scattered in the dense collagenous sclerotic stroma. Characteristically elongated slit-like spaces or thin-walled vessels were observed. Most of cellular FTSs (20 cases) were well-defined and the area with increased cellularity of the spindle cells coexisted with classic FTS. There were occasional mitotic figures, but no atypical mitotic figures. Immunohistochemistry was performed in 8 cases of classic FTS and most cases were positive for SMA (5/8). Immunohistochemistry was also performed in 13 cases of cellular FTS and showed 100% positive rate for SMA. FISH was conducted on 20 cases of cellular FTS and 32 cases of classical FTS. USP6 gene rearrangement was found in 11/20 of cellular FTS. Among 12 cases of CFTS with nodular fasciitis (NF)-like morphological feature, 7 cases showed USP6 gene rearrangement. The rearrangement proportion of USP6 gene in cellular FTS without NF-like morphological features was 4/8. By contrast, 3% (1/32) of the classic FTS showed USP6 gene rearrangement. RT-PCR was performed in those cases with detected USP6 gene rearrangement and sufficient tissue samples for RT-PCR. The MYH9-USP6 fusion gene was detected in 1 case (1/8) of the cellular FTSs, while no target fusion partner was detected in the classic FTS. Conclusions: FTS is a relatively rare benign fibroblastic or myofibroblastic tumor. Our study and recent literature find that some of the classic FTS also show USP6 gene rearrangements, suggesting that classical FTS and cellular FTS are likely to be at different stages of the same disease (spectrum). FISH for USP6 gene rearrangement may be used as an important auxiliary diagnostic tool in distinguishing FTS from other tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Gene Rearrangement , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Fibroma/pathology , Fasciitis/genetics , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase , Tendons/pathology
12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 382-387, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the virtual reality-pattern visual evoked potential (VR-PVEP) P100 waveform characteristics of monocular visual impairment with different impaired degrees under simultaneous binocular perception and monocular stimulations.@*METHODS@#A total of 55 young volunteers with normal vision (using decimal recording method, far vision ≥0.8 and near vision ≥0.5) were selected to simulate three groups of monocular refractive visual impairment by interpolation method. The sum of near and far vision ≤0.2 was Group A, the severe visual impairment group; the sum of near and far vision <0.8 was Group B, the moderate visual impairment group; and the sum of near and far vision ≥0.8 was Group C, the mild visual impairment group. The volunteers' binocular normal visions were set as the control group. The VR-PVEP P100 peak times measured by simultaneous binocular perception and monocular stimulation were compared at four spatial frequencies 16×16, 24×24, 32×32 and 64×64.@*RESULTS@#In Group A, the differences between P100 peak times of simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception at 24×24, 32×32 and 64×64 spatial frequencies were statistically significant (P<0.05); and the P100 peak time of normal vision eyes at 64×64 spatial frequency was significantly different from the simulant visual impairment eyes (P<0.05). In Group B, the differences between P100 peak times of simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception at 16×16, 24×24 and 64×64 spatial frequencies were statistically significant (P<0.05); and the P100 peak time of normal vision eyes at 64×64 spatial frequency was significantly different from the simulant visual impairment eyes (P<0.05). In Group C, there was no significant difference between P100 peak times of simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception at all spatial frequencies (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the P100 peak times measured at all spatial frequencies between simulant visual impairment eyes and simultaneous binocular perception in the control group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#VR-PVEP can be used for visual acuity evaluation of patients with severe and moderate monocular visual impairment, which can reflect the visual impairment degree caused by ametropia. VR-PVEP has application value in the objective evaluation of visual function and forensic clinical identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Vision, Ocular , Vision, Binocular/physiology , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Virtual Reality
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1420-1424, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a boy with isolated maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 20 [UPD(20)mat].@*METHODS@#A child who was admitted to the Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology on April 8,2021. was selected as the study subject. Phenotypic and endocrinological findings of the child were retrospectively analyzed. Whole exome sequencing (WES) and methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) were carried out for detecting the UPD sequences and copy number variations. Both of his parents were verified by Sanger sequencing. Relevant literature was systematically reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The child, a 3-year-and-8-month-old boy born to a 41-year-old mother by Cesarean delivery at 36+2 gestational weeks due to oligohydramia, had a birth weight of 2 300 g and length of 46 cm. He was admitted to the NICU for feeding difficulties which had persisted despite of clinical management. At the age of 3.75, he had a height of 92.5 cm (< 3rd percentile; 25th ~ 50th percentile at 2.5 years) and a weight of 10.8 kg (< 3rd percentile; 50th percentile at 15 months). He had also presented with growth retardation, short stature, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mild mental retardation, and speech and language development disorders. He had simian creases in both hands but no additional dysmorphic signs, and his motor development was normal. Serum insulin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and insulin growth factor binding protein 3 levels were within the normal ranges, though insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was slightly decreased. Since that time he had continuously used atomoxetine hydrochloride capsules to control his ADHD. WES and MS-MLPA revealed the existence of UPD (20)mat.@*CONCLUSION@#The UPD(20)mat syndrome is characterized by feeding difficulties, growth retardation and short stature. The child in our case has been accompanied by ADHD and speech and language development disorders, which required long-term treatment. For women with advanced maternal age and suggestive phenotypes, genetic testing and counseling should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Male , Pregnancy , Humans , Child , Female , Infant , Adult , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 , DNA Copy Number Variations , Retrospective Studies , Uniparental Disomy/genetics , Atomoxetine Hydrochloride , Dwarfism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Language Development Disorders , Growth Disorders , Insulins
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 299-304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960955

ABSTRACT

AIM: To establish an intelligent diagnostic model of keratoconus for small-diameter corneas by data mining and analysis of patients' clinical data.METHODS: Diagnostic study. A total of 830 patients(830 eyes)were collected, including 338 male(338 eyes)and 492 female(492 eyes), with an average age of 14-36(23.19±5.71)years. Among them, 731 patients(731 eyes)had undergone corneal refractive surgery at Chongqing Nanping Aier Eye Hospital from January 2020 to March 2022, and 99 patients had a diagnosed keratoconus from January 2015 to March 2022. Corneal diameter ≤11.1 mm was measured by Pentacam in all patients. Two cornea specialists classified patients' data into normal corneas, suspect keratoconus, and keratoconus groups based on the Belin/Ambrósio enhanced ectasia display(BAD)system in Pentacam. The data of 665 patients were randomly selected as the training set and the other 165 patients as the validation set by computer random sampling method. Seven parametric corneal features were extracted by convolutional neural networks(CNN), and the models were built by Residual Network(ResNet), Vision Transformer(ViT), and CNN+Transformer, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of models was verified by cross-entropy loss and cross-validation method. In addition, sensitivity and specificity were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve.RESULTS: The accuracy of ResNet, ViT, and CNN+Transfermer for the diagnosis of normal cornea and suspect keratoconus was 85.57%, 86.11%, and 86.54% respectively, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUC)was 0.823, 0.830 and 0.842 respectively. The accuracy of models for the diagnosis of suspect keratoconus and keratoconus was 97.22%, 95.83%, and 98.61%, respectively, and the AUC was 0.951, 0.939, and 0.988 respectively.CONCLUSION: For corneas ≤11.1 mm in diameter, the data model established by CNN+Transformer has a high accuracy rate for classifying keratoconus, which provides real and effective guidance for early screening.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 261-266, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960948

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the value of ocular trauma score(OTS), initial visual acuity, and ocular structural parameters in the assessment of healing visual acuity from ocular trauma.METHOD: A total of 302 cases(302 eyes)of ocular trauma were selected as subjects, which were accepted and issued clear appraisal opinions by the Academy of Forensic Science from June 2015 to June 2021. The subjects were grouped according to the healing best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)from ocular trauma. Group Ⅰ included 63 cases(63 eyes)with BCVA &#x0026;#x003C;3.7; Group Ⅱ included 70 cases(70 eyes)with 3.7≤ BCVA &#x0026;#x003C;4.5; Group Ⅲ included 78 cases(78 eyes)with 4.5≤ BCVA &#x0026;#x003C;4.9; Group Ⅳ included 91 cases(91 eyes)with BCVA≥4.9. In addition, 77 cases(77 healthy eyes)of ocular trauma were selected as the control group, namely Group Ⅴ. The healing BCVA and ocular structural parameters from ocular trauma and theirs correlation were analyzed, and the random forest(RF)and support vector machine(SVM)model of healing visual acuity was established by the IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0.RESULTS: The initial visual acuity, OTS, the grading of corneas, lenses, and fundus, and the thickness of the retinal never fiber layer of ocular trauma patients were correlated with the healing BCVA(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). There were significant differences in ocular structural parameters among groups, except the central subfield thickness(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). The SVM model had higher accuracy of predicting healing visual acuity than the RF model, and the accuracy rate was over 80% when the error was within 0.15.CONCLUSION:OTS and ocular structural examination can provide effective information for the clinical forensic medicine appraisal of visual dysfunction after ocular trauma, and they are valuable in discriminating camouflage of visual dysfunction.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2311-2319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999150

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy has become another effective tumor treatment after surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and targeted therapy. However, due to the low immunogenicity of tumor cells and immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, antigen-presenting cells inefficiently process and present tumor antigens, thus leading to insufficient activation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and tumor infiltration, which significantly affects the effectiveness of tumor immunotherapy. In recent years, it has been demonstrated that multiple metal ions exhibit distinguished modulatory effects in activating innate immune stimulation and conquering acquired immune tolerance. Based on this, scientists have designed a series of nano-adjuvant delivery systems with metal ions or metal nanoparticles to enhance the targeted accumulation of metal ions in tumor tissues or lymphoid organs for efficiently inducing immunogenic cell death or directly activating antigen-presenting cells to initiate anti-tumor specific immune response. This review briefly outlines the role of various metal ions in anti-tumor immunomodulation, summarizes the research progress in using metal nanoadjuvant delivery systems to achieve efficient anti-tumor immunotherapy, and provides foresight on the main challenges and potential directions in this field.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3408-3420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999085

ABSTRACT

In this study, the mechanism of Xiaoyan Lidan formula (XYLDF) against 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-collidine (DDC)-induced chronic intrahepatic cholestasis (CIHC) in mice was investigated based on metabolomics, molecular docking and pharmacological methods. In the pharmacodynamics study, a dosage of 5 g·kg-1 (clinical equivalent) XYLDF was administered in DDC-induced mice, then the effect of XYLDF against CIHC was evaluated by measuring the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) as well as total bilirubin (TBIL) in serum and observing liver histopathological changes. All experiments were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (ZYD-2021-001). The serum metabolites of mice in each group were detected and identified based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry, and the relevant biological pathways and molecular key targets were further enriched. Molecular docking technology was used to further evaluate the binding activity of the main active ingredients of XYLDF with potential targets. Subsequently, the in vitro experiment was conducted for the validation of the vital target. The results showed that compared with the model group, XYLDF significantly decreased the levels of ALT, AST, AKP and TBIL in the serum of CIHC mice, as well as alleviated inflammatory infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis in liver tissue. According to the metabonomic study, a total of 35 differential metabolites was identified as biomarkers associated with cholestasis, 12 of which were significantly recovered by XYLDF treatment. These biomarkers were involved in the pathways of primary bile acid biosynthesis and linoleic metabolism, which are closely related to the mechanism of XYLDF against CIHC. Protein-protein interaction network indicated that cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) are significant potential targets with good binding properties with six major active ingredients of XYLDF. Furthermore, it was found that 4-methoxy-5-hydroxycanthin-6-one, dehydroandrographolide and isodocarpin, three of the main active components in XYLDF, markedly induced the expression of CYP3A4 mRNA in vitro. This study revealed that XYLDF mainly mediates the biosynthesis of bile acids in CIHC mice to improve liver tissue lesions and bile efflux disorders, among which, CYP3A4 is the key target in the protection of XYLDF against CIHC. This research provides a reference for further elucidation of the pharmacological mechanism of XYLDF.

18.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 863-869, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998190

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the presence of virulence genes, molecular typing characteristics, and antibiotic sensitivity of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) in children with diarrhea in Shanghai, so as to provide a scientific basis for EAEC monitoring and standardized treatment of EAEC infection. MethodsEAEC strains isolated from children (≤5 years old) with diarrhea in six districts of Shanghai were collected as the study subjects. EAEC virulence genes were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, molecular typing was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and drug susceptibility tests were conducted using the microbroth dilution method. χ2 test and two independent samples t-test were used to compare the differences in virulence genes and antibiotic resistance between suburban and urban EAEC strains. ResultsFrom 2019 to 2021, the overall detection rates of gene aggR, pic and astA of 59 EAEC were 30.5%, 50.8%, and 57.6%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the detection rates of virulence genes between suburban and urban EAEC strains (P>0.05). PFGE analysis revealed that only two EAEC strains belonged to the same PFGE pattern and were collected from the same hospital, and the overall PFGE patterns were polymorphic. EAEC showed susceptibility to imipenem and colistin E, and the resistance rates to sulfamethoxazole (SXT), ampicillin (AMP), nalidixic acid (NAL), and tetracycline (93.1%, 79.3%, 63.8%, and 58.6%, respectively) were higher than 50.0%. The antibiotic resistance rates of cefazolin (CFZ), cefotaxime (CTX), and ciprofloxacin (CIP) were significantly different between EAEC strains from suburban and urban areas (P<0.05). A total of 47 strains exhibited multi-drug resistance, with the most common resistance spectrum being AMP-SXT-NAL. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of multidrug-resistant EAEC strains between suburban and urban areas (P>0.05). ConclusionThe EAEC virulence gene assemblages in children with diarrhea in the six districts of Shanghai are diverse, and the molecular typing patterns are relatively scattered, indicating possible cross-infection of homologous strains. Multi-drug resistance in EAEC strains is relatively common, and there is a statistically significant difference in the resistance rates of CFZ, CTX and CIP between urban and suburban EAEC strains. Attention should be given to standardizing the use of clinical antibiotics to effectively control the dissemination of multidrug-resistant EAEC strains.

19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 452-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986913

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the imaging evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea associated with inner ear malformation (IEM) in children. Methods: The clinical data of 28 children with CSF otorrhea associated with IEM confirmed by surgical exploration in Beijing Children's Hospital, from Nov, 2016 to Jan, 2021, were analyzed retrospectively,including 16 boys and 12 girls, aged from 8-month to 15-year and 8-month old, with a median age of 4-year old. The shapes of stapes were observed during the exploration surgery, and the imaging features of temporal bone high resolution CT(HRCT) and inner ear MRI pre- and post-operation were analyzed. Results: In 28 children with CSF otorrhea, 89.3%(25/28) had stapes footplates defect during exploration. Preoperative CT showed indirect signs such as IEM, tympanic membrane bulging, soft tissue in the tympanum and mastoid cavity. IEM included four kinds: incomplete partition type I (IP-Ⅰ), common cavity (CC), incomplete partition type Ⅱ (IP-Ⅱ), and cochlear aplasia (CA); 100%(28/28) presented with vestibule dilation; 85.7%(24/28) with a defect in the lamina cribrosa of the internal auditory canal. The direct diagnostic sign of CSF otorrrhea could be seen in 73.9%(17/23) pre-operative MRI: two T2-weighted hyperintense signals between vestibule and middle ear cavity were connected by slightly lower or mixed intense T2-weighted signals, and obvious in the coronal-plane; 100%(23/23) hyperintense T2-weighted signals in the tympanum connected with those in the Eustachian tube.In post-operative CT, the soft tissues in the tympanum and mastoid cavity decreased or disappeared as early as one week. In post-operative MRI, the hyperintense T2-weighted signals of tympanum and mastoid decreased or disappeared in 3 days to 1 month,soft tissues tamponade with moderate intense T2-weighted signal were seen in the vestibule in 1-4 months. Conclusions: IP-Ⅰ, CC, IP-Ⅱ and CA with dilated vestibule can lead to CSF otorrhea. Combined with special medical history, T2-weighted signal of inner ear MRI can provide diagnostic basie for most children with IEM and CSF otorrhea.HRCT and MRI of inner ear can also be used to evaluate the effect of surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Aged , Infant , Child, Preschool , Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Temporal Bone , Ear, Middle
20.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 837-844, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the associations of lipid indicators and mortality in Beijing Elderly Comprehensive Health Cohort Study.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort was conducted based on Beijing Elderly Comprehensive Health Cohort Study with 4499 community older adults. After the baseline survey, the last follow-up was March 31, 2021 with an average 8.13 years of follow-up. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) with 95% CI for cardiovascular disease (CVD) death and all-cause death in associations with baseline lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4499 participants were recruited, and the mean levels of uric acid, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed an upward trend with the increasing remnant cholesterol (RC) quarters (Ptrend < 0.05), while the downward trend was found in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). During the total 36,596 person-years follow-up, the CVD mortality and all-cause mortality during an average 8.13 years of follow-up was 3.87% (95% CI: 3.30%-4.43%) and 14.83% (95% CI: 13.79%-15.86%) with 174 CVD death participants and 667 all-cause death participants. After adjusting for confounders, the higher level of TC (HR = 0.854, 95% CI: 0.730-0.997), LDL-C (HR = 0.817, 95% CI: 0.680-0.982) and HDL-C (HR = 0.443, 95% CI: 0.271-0.724) were associated with lower risk of CVD death, and the higher level of HDL-C (HR = 0.637, 95% CI: 0.501-0.810) were associated with lower risk of all-cause death. The higher level of RC (HR = 1.276, 95% CI: 1.010-1.613) increase the risk of CVD death. Compared with the normal lipid group, TC ≥ 6.20 mmol/L group and LDL-C ≥ 4.10 mmol/L group were no longer associated with lower risk of CVD death, while RC ≥ 0.80 mmol/L group was still associated with higher risk of CVD death. In normal lipid group, the higher levels of TC, LDL-C and HDL-C were related with lower CVD death.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In community older adults, higher levels of TC and HDL-C were associated with lower CVD mortality in normal lipid reference range. Higher RC was associated with higher CVD mortality, which may be a better lipid indicator for estimating the CVD death risk in older adults.

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