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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 514-517, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924091

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation and influencing factors of coping capacity in public health emergencies among college students in Shandong Province, and to provide reference for public health emergencies responses.@*Methods@#Using stratified random sampling method, 7 719 students from 6 colleges and universities in Shandong Province were selected and investigated with self designed questionnaire from April to May 2020. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of coping capacity in public health emergencies.@*Results@#The overall coping capacity of college students in Shandong Province to public health emergencies scored (46.22±8.47), with dimension from high to low being personal prevention before the event (15.65±2.75), post event cooperation and disposal (15.18±3.08), incident personal precaution (15.01±3.23). Multiple linear regression showed that gender, major, only child, parental education level, knowledge of public health emergencies, emergency drill exercises, and health education for public health emergencies were associated with coping capacity among college students in public health emergencies ( B =-1.53, -1.78, -2.08, 0.60, 0.81, 1.11, 1.38, 0.78, 1.65, 1.86, 9.14, 2.00, 2.62, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The overall coping capacity in public health emergencies among college students in Shandong is at a good level, but still needs to be improved through strengthening emergency education and family support.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923376

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) in patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH) after endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) and analyze the influencing factors. Methods    A total of 243 patients (118 males and 125 females, with an average age of 21.99±6.31 years) with PPH who were successfully treated with ETS (only T3 level thoracic sympathicotomy) in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2018 were enrolled, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to assess the QOL scores before and after ETS. By establishing a linear regression model of gender, age, body mass index, compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH) and palm dryness, and the relationship between the changes of the QOL scores and various factors was studied. Results    The total QOL score after surgery was higher than that before surgery (63.01±4.58 vs. 48.11±1.95, P<0.05). Compared with the negative group of CH, the QOL score decreased by 4.662 in the postoperative CH patients. For every grade of CH severity increasing, the QOL score decreased by 3.449. Compared with the negative group, the QOL scores decreased by 1.804 and 2.400 respectively for every grade of CH severity increasing in the patients with postoperative chest and back CH. Conclusion    ETS can not only improve the symptoms of abnormal palmar hyperhidrosis, but also significantly improve the QOL. Severe chest and back CH is an important factor affecting the QOL of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906444

ABSTRACT

The historical evolution, fermentation technology and key links of Sojae Semen Praeparatum (SSP) were sorted out by consulting ancient books and modern literature, and the influencing factors and control methods of quality were analyzed and summarized in order to provide reference for the quality control of SSP. After analysis, it was found that in the fermentation process of SSP, fermentation strains, miscellaneous bacteria, temperature and humidity were all important factors affecting the quality of SSP. The condition control of "post fermentation" process has been paid more attention to in the past dynasties. In addition, the delicious SSP recognized in ancient times should be made from mold fermentation, and the breeding and application of fermented mold may be the key point to solve the quality problem of SSP. Therefore, based on the evaluation indexes of SSP in the past dynasties, it is of great significance to study and optimize the technological conditions such as strain, temperature and humidity in depth to improve the quality of SSP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906365

ABSTRACT

Objective:The chemical constituents in guarana (<italic>Paullinia cupana</italic> dried seeds) were systematically analyzed to provide a basis for further research, development and utilization of this plant. Method:The contents of crude protein, crude fat, crude polysaccharide and crude fiber in guarana were determined according to national standards and related documents, and the chemical constituents of guarana was qualitatively analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), ACQUITY UPLC-HSS-T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-5 min, 2%-10%B; 5-6 min, 10%-20%B; 6-9 min, 20%-30%B; 9-9.5 min, 30%-35%B; 9.5-10.5 min, 35%-45%B; 10.5~13 min, 45%-55%B; 13-15 min, 55%-80%B; 15-19 min, 80%-98%B; 19-20 min, 98%B; 20-20.3 min, 98%-2%B; 20.3-23 min, 2%B), the electrospray ionization (ESI) was used for detection in positive and negative ion modes, the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 500, and the structure was identified according to the relative molecular weight and fragment information combined with database matching and comparison of reference substances. Result:The contents crude protein, crude fat, crude polysaccharide and crude fiber in guarana were (0.63±0.03)%, (2.73±0.09)%, (3.23±0.12)% and (8.89±0.59)%, respectively. A total of 42 chemical constituents in guarana were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, including 3 methylxanthines, 2 nucleosides, 1 amino acid, 3 organic acids, 33 flavonoids, 3 (<italic>L</italic>-tryptophan, epigallocatechin gallate, daidzein) of which were first discovered in guarana. Conclusion:Guarana is rich in nutrients and has good potential to be developed as a functional food. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique provides a simple, rapid and accurate method for the identification of chemical constituents in guarana. Methylxanthines and proanthocyanidins are the main chemical constituents of guarana, which is meaningful for quality evaluation and material basis of guarana.

5.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 390-395, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903378

ABSTRACT

Background@#Health-care providers typically undergo shift work and are subjected to increased stress. Night shift work may induce disturbed sleep cycles and circadian rhythm. The objective of this study was to explore if night shift workers (NSWs) show an increased risk of abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 574 employees without thyroid disease and abnormal TSH at baseline who underwent annual check-ups between 2007 and 2016 in a medical center. NSWs were defined as those with working time schedules other than daytime hours. We calculated the incidence rate and estimated the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for incident abnormal TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism compared with non-NSWs using a Cox regression model. @*Results@#A total of 56 incident abnormal TSH cases and 39 subclinical hypothyroidism cases in NSWs were identified during 3000 person-years of follow-up. In models adjusted for age, sex, obesity, and working departments, we found no increased relative risk for incident abnormal TSH (HR: 0.72, 95% confidence interval: 0.33–1.60) or subclinical hypothyroidism (HR: 0.52, 95% confidence interval: 0.19–1.45) when comparing NSWs to non-NSWs; nor were incidence rates significantly different among exclusively medical employees after excluding administrative staff. @*Conclusion@#In this hospital-based nine-year follow-up retrospective cohort study, NSWs were not associated with increased relative risk of incident abnormal TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism, in contrast to previous cross-sectional studies.

6.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 390-395, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895674

ABSTRACT

Background@#Health-care providers typically undergo shift work and are subjected to increased stress. Night shift work may induce disturbed sleep cycles and circadian rhythm. The objective of this study was to explore if night shift workers (NSWs) show an increased risk of abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 574 employees without thyroid disease and abnormal TSH at baseline who underwent annual check-ups between 2007 and 2016 in a medical center. NSWs were defined as those with working time schedules other than daytime hours. We calculated the incidence rate and estimated the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for incident abnormal TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism compared with non-NSWs using a Cox regression model. @*Results@#A total of 56 incident abnormal TSH cases and 39 subclinical hypothyroidism cases in NSWs were identified during 3000 person-years of follow-up. In models adjusted for age, sex, obesity, and working departments, we found no increased relative risk for incident abnormal TSH (HR: 0.72, 95% confidence interval: 0.33–1.60) or subclinical hypothyroidism (HR: 0.52, 95% confidence interval: 0.19–1.45) when comparing NSWs to non-NSWs; nor were incidence rates significantly different among exclusively medical employees after excluding administrative staff. @*Conclusion@#In this hospital-based nine-year follow-up retrospective cohort study, NSWs were not associated with increased relative risk of incident abnormal TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism, in contrast to previous cross-sectional studies.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3190-3200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921416

ABSTRACT

The targeting of anti-tumor drugs is an important means of tumor treatment and reducing drug side effects. Oxygen-depleted hypoxic regions in the tumour, which oxygen consumption by rapidly proliferative tumour cells, are generally resistant to therapies. Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are disparate array of microorganism united by the ability to biomineralize membrane-encased, single-magnetic-domain magnetic crystals (magnetosomes) of minerals magnetite or greigite. MTB by means of flagella, migrate along geomagnetic field lines and towards low oxygen concentrations. MTB have advantage of non-cytotoxicity and excellent biocompatibility, moreover magnetosomes (BMs) is more powerful than artificial magnetic nanoparticles(MNPs). This review has generally described the biological and physical properties of MTB and magnetosomes, More work deals with MTB which can be used to transport drug into tumor based on aerotactic sensing system as well as the competition of iron which is a key factor to proliferation of tumor. In addition, we summarized the research of magnetosomes, which be used as natural nanocarriers for chemotherapeutics, antibodies, vaccine DNA. Finally, We analyzed the problems faced in the tumor treatment using of MTB and bacterial magnetosomes and prospect development trends of this kind of therapy.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Ferrosoferric Oxide , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Magnetics , Magnetosomes , Neoplasms/therapy
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2154-2163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887040

ABSTRACT

The biochemical integrity of the brain is necessary to maintain normal function. Oxidative damage is one of the mortal important reasons leading to the destruction of this integrity. The nervous system is enriched in phospholipid and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Due to the nature of high oxygen-consumption and rich lipids, brain is particularly vulnerable to oxidative damages. Phospholipid peroxidation is one of the results of imbalance in oxidation-antioxidant system. Once the antioxidant system is insufficient to resist oxidative damage, membrane phospholipids will be prone to free radical attack. Phospholipid peroxidation leads to a variety of toxic oxidation products, including membrane damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, rapid accumulation of amyloid, etc. Multiple proteins and nucleic acids can be covalently modified by peroxidation products, resulting in the loss of the protein functions, which eventually triggers programmed cell death and general neuroinflammation in brain, and ends up with an increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases. Based on the knowledge of mechanisms of phospholipid peroxidation, this review focuses on the characteristics of phospholipid peroxidation as a key factor in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, in order to provide theoretical basis for targeted intervention of phospholipid peroxidation as a potential strategy to prevent neurodegenerative diseases.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. Methods A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. Results There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. Conclusion There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 996-999, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate response to public health emergencies in colleges and universities and associated factors, and to provide references for emergency response mechanisms in colleges.@*Methods@#Using stratified random sampling, recruited 7 719 students in 6 universities in Shandong Province during April May 2020, and analyzed the data with SPSS 25.0 software.@*Results@#About 65.5% of college students reported response to public health emergencies in their college, 67.7% of the students reported that colleges have emergency plans, 53.9% of the students reported that colleges have carried out simulated emergency training, and 64.7% of the students reported that colleges have carried out health education. Evaluation from students for responding to public health emergencies in colleges and universities scored(24.15±4.59), of which measures and policies related to epidemic control were highest(4.05±0.81), while mental health education or counselling services were lowest (3.95±0.85). Gender, grade, major, type of household registration, emergency response measures, emergency response plan, emergency simulation training, health education were associated with the evaluation of the measures by college students(t/F=5.04,43.83,79.92,-3.40,26.86,34.83,29.35,35.01,P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#While recognizing the overall performance on public health responses in universities, college students believe certain limitations still exist; colleges and universities should continuously improve the emergency prevention and control system of public health emergencies in response to the effectiveness and deficiencies in the prevention and control process.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) are important source of periodontal tissue reconstruction. Under chronic inflammation, the multi-directional differentiation potential and chemotaxis in hPDLCs are decreased. Therefore, inhibiting inflammatory microenvironment and improving the functional characteristics of stem cells can better promote periodontal tissue reconstruction. This study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin (AST) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in hPDLCs and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#hPDLCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, and vimentin and keratin immunocytochemical staining were used to identify hPDLCs. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the effects of AST (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L) on proliferation of hPDLCs. Quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and ELISA were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α) in the control (Con) group, the LPS group, and the LPS+AST (5, 10, 20, and 50 μmol/L) group. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of IKBα, phosphorylated IKBα (p-IKBα), and p65 in the Con group, the LPS group, the AST (20 μmol/L) group, and the LPS+AST (20 μmol/L) group. After 10 μmol/L PDTC treatment, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA.@*RESULTS@#Cell morphology and immunocytochemical staining showed that the cells were in line with the characteristics of hPDLCs. Treatment with AST could promote the proliferation of hPDLCs, which reached the peak at 20 μmol/L. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the LPS group were higher than those in the Con group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#AST promotes the proliferation of hPDLCs, which is related to suppression of LPS-induced the secretion of inflammatory factors via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Humans , Inflammation/chemically induced , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , Periodontal Ligament , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Xanthophylls
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 266-272, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879755

ABSTRACT

The inhibition of 5-α reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) by finasteride is commonly used for the management of urinary obstruction resulting from benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). Certain BPE patients showing no SRD5A2 protein expression are resistant to finasteride therapy. Our previous work showed that methylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) islands in the SRD5A2 gene might account for the absence or reduction of SRD5A2 protein expression. Here, we found that the expression of the SRD5A2 protein was variable and that weak expression of the SRD5A2 protein (scored 0-100) occurred in 10.0% (4/40) of benign adult prostates. We showed that the expression of SRD5A2 was negatively correlated with DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) expression. In vitro SRD5A2-negative BPH-1 cells were resistant to finasteride treatment, and SRD5A2 was re-expressed in BPH-1 cells when SRD5A2 was demethylated by 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) or N-phthalyl-L-tryptophan (RG108). Furthermore, we determined the exact methylation ratios of CpG dinucleotides in a CpG island of SRD5A2 through MassArray quantitative methylation analysis. Ten methylated CpG dinucleotides, including four CpG dinucleotides in the promoter and six CpG dinucleotides in the first exon, were found in a CpG island located from -400 bp to +600 bp in SRD5A2, which might lead to the silencing of SRD5A2 and the absence or reduction of SRD5A2 protein expression. Finasteride cannot exert a therapeutic effect on patients lacking SRD5A2, which may partially account for the resistance to finasteride observed in certain BPE patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) for fetal sex chromosome anomalies.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was carried out for 20 802 women undergoing NIPS screening. For 165 cases suspected for fetal sex chromosomal anomalies, the results of invasive prenatal diagnosis were obtained.@*RESULTS@#Among the 165 cases suspected for fetal sex chromosome anomalies, 129 have accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis, and 45 were confirmed, which yielded a positive predictive value of 34.88%. These included 16 cases of 47,XYY, 10 cases of 47,XXY, 6 cases of 45,X/46,XX, 5 cases of 47,XXX, 3 cases of 45,X, 1 case of 45,X/46,X,i(X)(q10), 1 case of 45,X/46,X,del(X)(q22), 1 case of 46,X,del(X)(q22), 1 case of 46,X,del(X)(p11) and 1 case of Xp22.31 1.2 Mb deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPS has limited value for detecting fetal sex chromosome anomalies. Karyotyping analysis combined with other diagnostic techniques can offer effective prenatal diagnosis for suspected cases.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Sex Chromosomes/genetics , Trisomy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of copy number variations (CNVs) and chromosomal karyotyping analysis for patients with intellectual disability/developmental delay (ID/DD).@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karyotype analysis was applied to 530 children diagnosed with ID/DD. Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) was further applied for 120 children with unknown etiology.@*RESULTS@#Among the 530 children with ID/DD, 104 (19.62%) were detected with chromosomal abnormalities. For the 120 children analyzed by SNP-array, 44 (36.67%) were detected with CNVs, among which 20 were predicted as pathogenic, 6 as likely pathogenic, 10 as variants of unknown significance, 7 as likely benign,and 1 as loss of heterozygosity.@*CONCLUSION@#SNP-array can facilitate delineation of the etiology of patients with ID/DD, which may provide a basis for their prognosis, consultation and clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Developmental Disabilities/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Karyotyping
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879169

ABSTRACT

Based on the systematic retrieval and the reported components of Sojae Semen Nigrum and Sojae Semen Praeparatum, this study conducted in-depth analysis of conversion of components in the fermentation process, and discussed types and possible mec-hanisms of conversion of chemical components, so as to provide the basis for studying technology, medicinal ingredients and quality standards. According to the analysis, there is a certain degree of conversion of nutrients(like protein, sugar, lipid), bioactive substances(like isoflavones, saponins, γ-aminobutyric acid) and other substances(like nucleosides, melanoids, biamines, etc) in the process of fermentation.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fermentation , Isoflavones/analysis , Semen/chemistry , Soybeans
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of linked color imaging (LCI) for the colorectal polyp detection, especially detection of adenoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients who underwent LCI or white light imaging(WLI) mode of LASEREO colonoscopy from May 2018 to March 2019.The differences of the detection rates in the global polyps, adenomatous polyps, flat polyps, small polyps (≤5 mm) and right-sided polyps under two modes were compared. Color differences between the adenomatous polyps and surrounding mucosa (ΔE) were examined under two modes, based on L *a *b * color space by the Commission Internationale de L′Eclairage in 1976. Results:The global polyp detection rate, especially adenoma detection rate, in LCI group was higher than that in WLI group(45.53% VS 32.83%, P=0.038; 53.65% VS 39.62%, P=0.009). The color difference(ΔE) between adenomatous polyps and surrounding mucosa in LCI group was significantly higher than that in WLI group(27.24±8.67 VS 15.28±6.68, P<0.001). In addition, the detection rates of flat polyps, small polyps and right-sided polyps in LCI group were higher than those in WLI group (61.98% VS 47.17%, P=0.005; 60.94% VS 42.77%, P=0.001; 45.83% VS 32.70%, P=0.012). Conclusion:LCI can effectively improve the colorectal polyp detection rate, especially adenoma detection rate, which is worthy of clinical application.

17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 317-320, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862832

ABSTRACT

Leukemia is a common and harmful disease for humans. Chemotherapy is the main treatment method. During the decades of experience, the clinicians have found that these drugs work well, but obvious individual differences occur in different patients. Some concerns of the clinicians exist such as how to learn more about the factors that may induce drug resistance and adverse reactions, and how to improve the efficacy of chemotherapy drugs, reduce drug resistance and side effects. This paper reviews the effect of genetic factors of commonly-used chemotherapeutic drugs for acute leukemia, aiming to provide a theoretical foundation for personalized administration of these chemotherapeutic drugs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862471

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an important cause of vision loss and blindness in diabetic patients. Studies have shown that neurodegenerative changes have occurred before diabetic retinal microvascular injury, such as reactive glial increase and ganglion cell apoptosis, and endoplasmic reticulum stress is involved in this process.Studies have shown that neurodegenerative changes have occurred before diabetic retinal microvascular injury, mainly as ganglion cell apoptosis, and endoplasmic reticulum stress is involved in this process.The UPR has three signal paths:the ATF6 signal path, the PERK signal path, and the IRE1 signal path.It is closely related to oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, BRB destruction and angiogenesis in the DR process.Exploring the intrinsic mechanism of ERS and ganglion cell injury is of great significance for finding new effective drugs to prevent or treat diabetic patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 148-153, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799409

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prevalence and risk factors of ischemic stroke in rural areas of Liaoning province.@*Methods@#The study was a cross-sectional survey. From September 2017 to May 2018, a total of 10 926 rural residents aged ≥40 years were investigated in Chaoyang county, Lingyuan, Liaoyang county and Donggang city of Liaoning province. The investigation included questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory examination.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of ischemic stroke.@*Results@#The prevalence of ischemic stroke in the rural areas of Liaoning province was 5.51% (602/10 926), and the standardized prevalence rate was 4.04%. The standardized prevalence rate of male (5.05%) is higher than that of female (3.44%). The prevalence of ischemic stroke increased with age in both males (P<0.01) and females (P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age increase(compared with 40-49 years old group, 50-59 years old, OR=2.08, 95%CI 1.31-3.30, P=0.02; 60-69 years old, OR=3.90, 95%CI 2.51-6.05, P<0.01; 70-79 years old, OR=5.32, 95%CI 3.37-8.34, P<0.01; ≥80 years old, OR=3.64, 95%CI 2.00-6.62, P<0.01), male(OR=2.35, 95%CI 1.95-2.84, P<0.01),family history of stroke(OR=2.18, 95%CI 1.83-2.60, P<0.01),coronary heart disease (OR=2.01, 95%CI 1.52-2.66, P<0.01), hypertension (OR=2.82, 95%CI 2.21-3.60, P<0.01), diabetes mellitus (OR=1.36, 95%CI 1.11-1.67, P=0.03) and overweight/obese (OR=1.22, 95%CI 1.02-1.47, P=0.03) were the major risk factors of ischemic stroke.@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of ischemic stroke in rural areas of Liaoning province is high. Age, male, family history of stroke, coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, overweight/obesity are the risk factors of ischemic stroke in rural areas of Liaoning province.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the difference of volatile specific odor components of Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR) processed by different methods such as yellow wine washing, dipping and firing, so as to provide research ideas for establishing the identification methods of different processed products of ASR and further study the mechanism of ASR traditional methods. Methods: Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) was used to detect and compare the volatile components of ASR samples washed with different concentrations and processed by different methods, and compare the composition changes. PCA, partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the differences in volatile components combined with SIMCA 14.1 software. Results: GC-IMS fingerprints showed that the volatile components of ASR at different concentrations were different. It was identified that the volatile components included 55 monomers and dimers and polymers of some substances. 2-Octanol, E-2-heptan aldehydes, acetone, 2-pentanone and 5-methyl-2-furan methanol could be used as the characteristic volatile substances of yellow wine washing of ASR. Ethyl acetate, 3-methyl-1-pentanol, 2-hexanol and ethyl 2-methylbutyrate could be used as characteristic flavor substances of yellow wine dipping of ASR. Furfural dimer, 3-methylbutanol and benzaldehyde could be used as characteristic volatile substances of yellow wine firing of ASR. The results of PCA showed that the resolution of each group of samples was good. PLS-DA analysis showed that 2-undecenal, 2-butanone, and acetone were different components with different concentrations yellow wine washing of ASR samples. OPLS-DA analysis showed that 2-undecenal, ethyl octanoate, dimer and acetone were the main components of ASR samples processed by different methods. Conclusion: The GC-IMS technology combined with stoichiometry proved that the volatile components of ASR processed by yellow wine washing, dipping and firing were different, which provided a reference for further research on traditional processing methods in classical prescription.

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