Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 303
Filter
1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 259-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical outcome and prognostic factors of para-split laminotomy for removal of lumbar spinal canal tumors.Methods:Retrospectively review the clinical data of 35 patients suffering lumbar spinal canal tumors, who underwent the para-split laminotomy for tumor resection in Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University from October 2016 to August 2019, including 16 males and 19 females, and the age was(40.1±10.6)years. Intraoperative blood loss, operation time, tumor resection, tumor pathological results, perioperative complications were observed. Follow-up situations, including tumor recurrence, bony fusion of laminae and spinal stability. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed by the end of August 2022. The JOA back pain scoring system was used to evaluate the neurological function of the spinal cord, and paired t-test were performed to compare the overall preoperative and postoperative spinal cord neurological function scores. Linear regression and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the prognostic factors. Measurement data of normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( ± s), and the comparison before and after operation was performed by paired t-test. Mearsurement data of skewed distribution were expressed as M( Q1, Q3). Count data were expressed as cases. Results:The tumors of 35 patients were resected completely. The median blood loss was 100(75, 140)mL and the average operative duration was (181.1±42.7) min. The postoperative pathological results were as follows: 24 neurilemmomas, 6 meningiomas, 4 ependymomas and 1 neurofibroma. There were no surgery-related complications occurred. The postoperative follow-up ranged from 36 to 69 months, with no tumor recurrence or spinal instability, and bony fusion of laminae seen in some patients on CT imaging. The overall spinal cord neurological function scores of pre and post operation were(19.5±3.4)versus(25.4±2.2), Paired t-test analysis revealed a significant difference between the overall postoperative spinal cord neurological function scores and the preoperative scores, and the postoperative scores were better than the preoperative scores( P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed a positive correlation between preoperative JOA scores and postoperative JOA scores, and postoperative JOA scores has negative correlation with tumor volume and the age at the time of operation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Para-split laminotomy with less damage to the posterior spinal structures can effectively improve the neurological function of the spinal cord and protect the stability of the lumbar spine in patients with lumbar spinal canal tumors, and the better the preoperative neurological function of the spinal cord, the better the prognosis of patients, and the smaller the tumor volume, the better the prognosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992613

ABSTRACT

Osteochondral lesion of talus (OLT) is a foot and ankle disease characterized by ankle pain, which may impact the joint function and life quality. If managed improperly, it may lead to a further ankle arthritis, severely compromising the prognosis. The therapeutic effect of conservative treatment for OLT is still uncertain. Surgery is still the main treatment modality for OLT with various techniques. However, the optimized surgical technique is still inconclusive, furthermore, regeneration and repair of cartilage after debridement is also a great challenge for the treatment of OLT. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with good repair effect on cartilage injury is gradually applied in the treatment of OLT. However, there still lacks the unified understanding of the technique and specification of PRP for the treatment of OLT. Therefore, National Orthopedics Center of Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital allied Foot Ankle Basic Research & Orthopedics Group, Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons; Foot and Ankle Committee of Chinese Association of Sports Medicine Physicians; and Foot and Ankle Group of Orthopedic Specialized Branch of Shanghai Medical Association to organize related experts to formulate the Expert consensus on platelet- rich plasma treatment for osteochondral lesion of talus ( version2023). Fifteen recommendations were put forward upon PRP preparation, indications, contraindications and treatment methods of PRP for OLT, so as to standardize the PRP treatment for OLT.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 988-992,997, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating benign and malignant breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) type 4 nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 81 patients (82 nodules) with breast tumors admitted to the People′s Hospital of Inner Mongolia from February 2018 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, all of whom were classified as BI-RADS. All patients underwent preoperative CEUS examination and underwent puncture biopsy or surgical treatment. Quantitative analysis software was used to draw a time intensity curve (TIC), quantitatively analyzing peak intensity (PI), area under the curve (AUC), baseline intensity (BI), time to peak (TTP), arrival time of contrast agent (AT), slope up (AS), half peak time (DT/2), and slope down (DS). We analyzed the differences in imaging parameters of the tumor edge zone in patients with benign and malignant breast tumors, and plotted the subject operating characteristic (ROC) curve for predicting benign and malignant breast tumors using statistically significant quantitative parameters. Area under the curve and cutoff values were calculated. The differences in imaging parameters between different regions of the tumor in the malignant breast group were analyzed.Results:PI and AUC at the margin of breast malignant tumor were higher than those of breast benign tumor (all P<0.001); There was no significant difference in PI, AUC in the central and surrounding tissues of breast malignant tumor, and BI, TTP, AT, DT/2, DS, AS in the central, marginal and surrounding tissues of breast malignant tumor compared with benign tumor of breast (all P>0.05). After drawing the receiver operating characteristic of PI and AUC at the edge of breast tumor, it was concluded that the area under the curve of PI in predicting benign and malignant breast tumors was 0.740 ( P<0.001), the sensitivity was 67.6%, the specificity was 77.8%, and the Youden′s J statistic was 0.453; The area under the curve of AUC was 0.743 ( P<0.001), the sensitivity was 67.6%, the specificity was 73.3%, and the Youden′s J statistic was 0.409. There was no statistically significant difference in PI and AUC at the edge of breast malignant tumors compared to the center of the tumor ( P=0.471, P=0.988); The PI and AUC of the center and edge of breast malignant tumors were higher than those of the surrounding breast tissue (all P<0.001). Conclusions:The blood flow perfusion characteristics of the marginal zone of breast tumors have certain diagnostic value in distinguishing between benign and malignant tumors, and can be used as a non-invasive indicator for distinguishing between benign and malignant breast tumors.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 477-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992325

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous tumor originating from genetic basis, with significant differences in morphology, immunophenotype and therapeutic response, which poses great challenges to the treatment of breast cancer patients. Therefore, it is very important to understand the diversity of different molecular biological states and expressions in tumor cells to obtain good therapeutic effects for breast cancer. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is widely used as a non-invasive real-time diagnostic technique for breast tumors. At present, many domestic and foreign literatures have reported that there is a certain correlation between molecular biological indicators related to breast cancer and the characteristics of CEUS, which is expected to provide a reference for preoperative treatment through non-invasive and convenient ultrasound examination. The combination of ultrasound contrast agent and ultrasound can mediate the drug therapy of breast cancer, which makes the targeted delivery and targeted regulation of drugs possible, thus improving the efficiency of chemotherapy drugs. In this review, we reviewed the relationship between molecular markers related to breast cancer and CEUS and the application of ultrasound contrast agents in targeted therapy of breast cancer.

5.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 547-553, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004931

ABSTRACT

Blau syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the a mix of granulomatous arthritis, uveitis, and dermatitis. Patients typically manifest multisystem involvement, including ocular, skin, and skeletal abnormalities. Blau syndrome is extremely rare, with a global incidence of less than one in a million among children. In this multidisciplinary consultation, we present a case of a 21-year-old young female patient having multisystemic involvement since early childhood. She was presented with multiple joint swelling, skin lesions, increased eye discharge, and accompanied by hypertension and arterial abnormalities, and received a diagnosis of uveitis. The patient had been receiving steroid treatment since the age of 6 and has tried various medications, with some improvement in joint swelling and ocular symptoms. Through this rare disease multidisciplinary consultation, we aim to provide guidance in the molecular diagnosis of the patient, multisystem assessment, and the selection and formulation of treatment plans. Additionally, we hope that by reporting this case, clinical physicians can gain a better understanding of the diagnosis and comprehensive treatment strategies for Blau syndrome, thereby improving the management and treatment of rare diseases.

6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1045-1050, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998950

ABSTRACT

Central nervous system (CNS) tumors pose a substantial risk to human health. Conventional therapeutic modalities, including surgical excision, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, exhibit inherent limitations and adverse effects. Nonetheless, the emergence of minimally invasive surgical techniques and advanced imaging technology have spurred research interest in the realm of neurology toward developing minimally invasive treatments for neurosurgical tumors. These approaches encompass tumor laser interstitial thermal therapy, tumor treating fields, photodynamic therapy, and other related interventions. Minimally invasive treatments offer notable advantages, such as reduced tissue trauma, expedited recovery, and pronounced therapeutic efficacy, rendering them extensively employed in clinical settings. This comprehensive review aims to elucidate accomplishments in the field of minimally invasive CNS tumor treatments while delineating prospective avenues for future development.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 140-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973755

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the potential quality marker (Q-marker) of Tinosporae Radix associated with efficacy of "relieving sore throat" based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), multivariate statistical analysis (MSA), and network pharmacology. MethodUPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to identify the main chemical components in 18 batches of Tinosporae Radix. On this basis, principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were employed to screen out the main marker components that caused differences between groups. Moreover, network pharmacology technology was applied to predict the potential "sore throat-relieving" components, and the molecular docking between the common components resulting from MSA and network pharmacology and the core targets was carried out to verify the marker components. ResultA total of 17 compounds, including alkaloids, diterpenoid lactones, and sterols, were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Five main differential components were found by MSA: Columbamine, jatrorrhizine, palmatine, menisperine, and columbin. Network pharmacology analysis yielded six compounds: tetrahydropalmatine, palmatine, menisperine, fibleucin, neoechinulin A, and columbin which were selected as potential "sore throat-relieving" components of Tinosporae Radix. They may relieve sore throat by acting on interleukin-6, epidermal growth factor receptor, prostaglandin G/H synthase 2, matrix metalloproteinase-9, proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src and other targets, and regulating Hepatitis B, influenza A, human T-cell virus infection, human cytomegalovirus infection, coronavirus disease-2019, and other signaling pathways. The common active components in Tinosporae Radix resulting from MSA and network pharmacology analysis were palmatine, menisperine, and columbin, which had high binding affinity with six core targets and can be used as the Q-marker components of Tinosporae Radix in "relieving sore throat". ConclusionThis study predicts the "sore throat-relieving" Q-marker of Tinosporae Radix, which lays a basis for developing the quality standard of Tinosporae Radix based on the efficacy and improving the quality evaluation system of the medicinal.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 292-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of bloodstream infection (BSI) in patients treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, distribution of pathogenic bacteria causing BSI and drug sensitivity of 910 patients treated by HSCT in our department from January 2013 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 910 HSCT patients, 111 patients were diagnosed as BSI within 100 days after transplantation, and 98 patients showed BSI during the period of agranulocytosis. Multivariate analysis showed that the usage of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), long duration of agranulocytosis and low infusion volume of mononuclear cell (MNC) were the independent risk factors affecting BSI after HSCT. Among 121 pathogenic bacteria isolated, 76 Gram-negative (G-) bacteria (62.8%), 40 Gram-positive (G+) bacteria (33.0%), and 5 fungi (4.1%) were detected out. The top three pathogens were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The drug-resistance rates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae to carbapenems was 14.3% and 7.7%, respectively, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 66.7%. The susceptibility of G+ bacteria to vancomycin, linezolid and teicoplanin was 97.5%, 100% and 100%, respectively. The crude mortality rate of the patients with BSI at 100 days after HSCT was significantly higher than that of patients without BSI (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The usage of ATG, long duration of agranulocytosis and low infusion volume of MNC are independent risk factors for BSI after HSCT. The pathogens after HSCT are mainly G- bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is highly resistant to carbapenems. Key words  ;


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Bacteria , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 60-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) rats-derived exosomes on microglial pyroptosis.Methods:Twenty clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 2-3 weeks, weighing 20-50 g, were divided into 2 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S) and hepatic I/R group (group I/R). The serum of rats in S group and I/R group was collected, and exosomes were isolated from the sera using differential centrifugations.Microglial cells were co-cultured with PKH26-labeled exosomes for 6 h. The intake of exosomes in microglial cells was determined using immunofluorescence staining.Primary microglial cells were seeded onto 6-well culture plates at a density of 5×10 5 cells/ml and were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), 10 7 cells/ml I/R-exosomes treated group (group 10 7), 10 8 cells/ml I/R-exosomes treated group (group 10 8), and 10 9 cells/ml I/R-exosomes treated group (group 10 9). Microglia in each group were co-cultured with the corresponding concentration of I/R-exosomes for 6 h. The expression of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), cleaved-caspase-1 and gasdermin-D (GSDMD) was detected using Western blot.Primary microglial cells were divided into 3 groups ( n=24 each) by a random number table method: control group (group C), sham operation-exosomes treated group (group S-exosome) and I/R-exosomes treated group (group I/R-exosome). In S-exosome group and I/R-exosome group, exosomes 10 8 cells/ml in S group and I/R group were given, respectively, to incubate cells for 6 h. The expression of NLRP3, ASC and GSDMD mRNA was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction, and the levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18), IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the cell culture supernatant were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:The results from immunofluorescence staining showed that I/R-exosomes colocalized with microglia.The 10 8 cells/ml I/R-exosomes and 10 9 cells/ml I/R-exosomes up-regulated the expression of NLRP3, ASC, GSDMD and cleaved-caspase-1 in microglial cells ( P<0.01). Compared with group C and group S-exosome, the expression of NLRP3, ASC and GSDMD mRNA in microglial cells was up-regulated, and the levels of IL-18, IL-1β and TNF-α in the supernatant were elevated in group I/R-exosome ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Hepatic I/R rats-derived exosomes can promote microglial pyroptosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 152-156, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of ultrasound-guided nerve block combined with dexmedetomidine (DEX) on postoperative oxidative stress in patients with hip fracture and diabetes.Methods:From March 2017 to December 2019, 78 patients with diabetes who underwent hip fracture surgery were enrolled and divided into two groups by random number table method, with 39 cases in each group. After the operation, the control group was treated with ultrasound-guided femoral nerve combined with lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block with 0.375% ropivacaine, and the study group was treated with ultrasound-guided femoral nerve combined with lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block with 0.375% ropivacaine and DEX 0.5 μg/kg. Patients in both groups were received patient controlling intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after the operation, and visual analogue scoring (VAS) was used to evaluate the resting pain score of the patients at 4 h (T 1), 8 h (T 2), 16 h (T 3), 24 h (T 4), 36 h (T 5) and 48 h after operation (T 6). The levels of serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxydeoxyuridine (8-OHdG), at T 1 and T 6 were compared between the two groups. The management system of continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) was used to calculate the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions(MAGE), largest amplitude of glycemic excursions (LAGE), absolute means of daily differences (MODD) of the patients during 48 h after operation, and the correlation between the blood glucose fluctuation indicators and the oxidative stress of the study group were compared. Results:The scores of VAS in the study group at T 1-T 6 were lower than those in the control group , the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.05). At T 6, the level of serum SOD in the study group was higher than that in the control group: (79.58 ± 13.55) kU/L vs. (64.16 ± 11.95) kU/L; the level of serum MDA and 8-OhdG in the study group were higher than those in the control group: (4.36 ± 0.81) μmol/L vs. (5.64 ± 0.94) μmol/L, (1.06 ± 0.19) μg/L vs.(1.42 ± 0.22) μg/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of MAGE, LAGE, MODD in the study group were lower than those in the control group: (2.42 ± 0.47) mmol/L vs. (5.19 ± 0.96) mmol/L, (3.47 ± 0.64) mmol/L vs. (7.61 ± 1.32) mmol/L, (1.21 ± 0.27) mmol/L vs. (2.74 ± 0.46) mmol/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the blood glucose fluctuation indicators MAGE, LAGE and MODD of the study group were negatively correlated with SOD, and were positively correlated with MDA, 8-OHdG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The use of ultrasound-guided nerve block combined with dexmedetomidine (DEX) for patients with hip fracture and diabetes can improve the analgesic effect, reduce oxidative stress of the patients, and improve the blood glucose fluctuation indicators.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 293-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To stimulate innovation vitality, the government promulgated the Pilot Implementation Plan for Granting Scientific and Technological Achievements Ownership or Long- term Use Right to Scientific Research Investigators. As one of the 40 pilot institutions, Beijing JiShuiTan Hospital attached great attention to it and, through the exploration and practice of pilot work, combined with the transformation of medical institutions' achievements Status quo, summarized the experiences of job scientific and technological achievements empowerment. Methods:Explored the mechanism and mode to empower researchers with the ownership or long-term right of service invention according to the policy review and case studies.Results:Developed hospital-level empowerment reform program and related supporting documents, Beijing JiShuiTan Hospital has completed the first empowerment work in Beijing.Conclusions:The reform of empowering scientific and technological achievements gives a new pathway to transform scientific and technological achievements in medical institutions, which will promote the transformation process of service invention-creation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 831-835, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between serum exosomes and microglial pyroptosis during brain injury in a young rat model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).Methods:Forty-six clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 2-3 weeks, weighing 40-60 g, were allocated into 4 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S, n=10), hepatic I/R group (group I/R, n=13), treatment with serum exosome in sham-operated young rat group (group S-Exosome, n=10), and treatment with serum exosomes in young rats with I/R group (group I/R-Exosome, n=13). The common trunk of the portal vein, left hepatic artery and bile duct was clamped for 60 min resulting in ischemia of 70% of the liver in anesthetized animals.After 6 h of reperfusion, the serum was collected to extract exosomes in S group and I/R group, and the serum exosome suspension 100 μl of S group and I/R group was injected through the tail vein in S-Exosome group and I/R-Exosome group, respectively.The expression of serum exosome marker proteins CD9 and CD81 was determined by Western blot in S group and I/R group.Serum and hippocampi were obtained from each group at 6 h after the corresponding treatment.The expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), gasdermin D (GSDMD), pro-caspase-1, cleaved-caspase-1, and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC) in the hippocampus was detected using Western blot, and the expression of GSDMD in hippocampal tissues was determined by immunohistochemistry.The levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum and hippocampal tissues and S100β and NSE in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.In group I/R-Exosome, 3 rats were selected, and their serum exosomes were extracted, labeled with PKH26 red fluorescence and then injected via the tail vein, and the co-localization between exosomes and microglia was identified by immunofluorescence technique. Results:Compared with group S, the expression of serum CD9 and CD81 was significantly up-regulated in group I/R, the expression of NLRP3, GSDMD, cleaved-caspase-1 and ASC in hippocampal tissues was significantly up-regulated, the levels of IL-18, IL-1β and TNF-α in serum and hippocampal tissues and S100β and NSE in serum were increased in I/R and I/R-Exosome groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group S-Exosome ( P>0.05). The positive expression of GSDMD was significantly increased in I/R and I/R-Exosome groups ( P<0.05), no positive expression of GSDMD was found in S and S-Exosome groups ( P>0.05), and the results of immunofluorescence showed the co-localization between exosomes and microglia. Conclusions:The mechanism by which hepatic I/R induces brain injury may be related to serum exosomes-mediated microglial pyroptosis in young rats.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1590-1593, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956339

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence rate of breast cancer has increased rapidly and is tending to be younger. The application of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) can reduce the tumor stage, which is conducive to surgical resection or breast conserving surgery. Therefore, it is very important to evaluate the curative effect of NAC in breast cancer by imaging for the choice of operation timing. In recent years, with the rapid development of new ultrasound technologies such as contrast-enhanced ultrasound and elastography, these new technologies can provide more abundant imaging information and basis for individualized treatment of breast cancer, which has become a research hotspot of the curative effect of breast cancer NAC. This article reviews the research progress of new ultrasound technology in evaluating the curative effect of NAC in breast cancer in recent years.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 253-259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity of maternal exposure to 1-bromopropane(1-BP) on the offspring rats by the breast-feeding route. Method A total of eight specific pathogen free female rats and their 64 male newborn rats were divided into the control group and the exposure group, with four lactation female rats and their 32 male newborn rats in each group. The female rats in exposure group were intragastrically administered with 700.00 mg/kg body mass of 1-BP during lactation, and the control group was given equal volume of corn oil for 21 days, once a day. The body mass of female rats and their offspring rats were measured during the exposure period. After exposure, the Morris water maze and the open field tests were performed in male offspring. The blood samples of offspring were collected for blood routine and blood biochemical indexes detection. The histopathological examination was performed in the hippocampus in the male offspring. RESULTS: A litter of eight pups in the exposure group began to die one day after the mother rat was exposed to 1-BP, and all rats died on the ninth day after exposure. There was no significant difference in the body mass of female rats between the exposure group and the control group(P>0.05). The body mass of offspring rats in the exposure group was lower than that in the control group at the same time point from the first day to the 21 st day of the female rats exposed to 1-BP(all P<0.05). In the orientation navigation experiment, the escape latency time on the first, the second day and the total distance on the first day in the offspring of the exposure group were significantly prolonged than those in the control group at the same time points(all P<0.05). The number of times of crossing the platform of offspring rats in the exposure group was less than that in the control group in the spatial exploration test(P<0.01). In the open field test, there was not statistical significance of the activity, rest time ratio, total distance, the distance ratio and time ratio in the central region in the offspring between the two groups(all P>0.05). The counts of white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and average red blood cell width, platelet ratio and average platelet volume of the offspring of the exposure group decreased(all P<0.05), the serum levels of globulin, total protein, triacylglycerol and total bilirubin decreased(all P<0.05), and the albumin/globulin ratio and serum glucose level increased(all P<0.05), when compared with that of the control group. Histopathological examination results showed that the nerve fibers were loose in the hippocampal dentate gyrus area, and there were necrotic neurons and loss of nerve fibers in the CA1 area of the offspring rats. CONCLUSION: Maternal exposure to 1-BP during lactation can induce neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity to offspring rats. The neurotoxicity mainly caused damage to the central nerve system, which affected the learning and memory function of the offspring rats. The reason may be related to the damage caused by 1-BP on the hippocampal function.

15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 448-451, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical efficacy of modified kidner procedure with tendoscopy in treating painful accessory navicular.@*METHODS@#From February 2014 to April 2019, 19 patients with painful accessory navicular were admitted, including 13 males and 6 females with a mean age of 26 years old (ranged from 14 to 58 years old), all of which were unilateral symptoms. The courses of disease ranged from 6 to 60 months. All patients received excision of accessory navicular and reconstruction of posterior tibial tendon insertion on navicular with anchor, and the tendoscopy were used to examin the posterior tibial tendon. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) midfoot score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were used to evaluate efficacy before operation and at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All the patientswere followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 73 months, with an average of (35.0±20.9) months. VAS score was 0.20±0.41 at the latest follow-up, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative score of 6.33±1.95(@*CONCLUSION@#The modified kidner procedure with tendoscopy is a good choice for the treatment of painful accessory navicular, which could obviously relieve foot pain, improve foot function, and has certain clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Foot Diseases , Pain/surgery , Pain Measurement , Tarsal Bones/surgery , Tendons , Treatment Outcome
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2167-2172, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879174

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemi Indici Flos(CIF), the capitulum of Chrysanthemum indicum, is widely used in proprietary Chinese medicine and daily chemical products. At present, CIF is mainly produced from wild resources and rarely cultivated. This study aims to reveal the correlations between linarin content in CIF and climatic factors in different habitats, and provide a theoretical basis for suitable zoning and rational production of medicinal materials. The content of linarin in CIF was determined by HPLC. Grey relational analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were carried out for linarin content with climatic factors. The results showed that the content of linarin in CIF was significantly different among different habitats. The grey relational degrees of climatic factors with linarin content was in an order of average annual precipitation>annual average sunshine hours>annual average temperature>longitude>annual frost-free period>latitude>altitude. Longitude, annual average temperature and average annual precipitation had significantly positive correlations with the content of linarin in CIF, whereas latitude and altitude showed negative correlations with it. The annual frost-free period and annual average sunshine hours had no significant correlation with the content of linarin in CIF. The content of linarin in CIF varied significantly in different habitats. High longitude, low latitude, low altitude, high annual average temperature and high annual average precipitation could be used as indicators for the habitats of high-quality Ch. indicum. This study provides a reference for selecting suitable producing areas of Ch. indicum and establishing artificial cultivation system.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Ecosystem , Glycosides
17.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 301-312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953638

ABSTRACT

Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) are one of the important bioresources of medicine, which works by unlocking nature's ability to prevent diseases and recover from illnesses. Recently, it has ascended to the world stage and become a global icon. Nowadays, a considerable of researches have focused on the quality evaluation of CHMs. However, it is difficult to meet the reasonable needs of human beings for safe drug use to evaluate the quality of a huge number of inferior goods for the CHMs contaminated by pesticides and heavy metals. Hence to explore an eligible medicinal plant cultivation pattern, which can provide high quality CHMs sustainably, is most promising. This review analyzed the situation and characteristics of medicinal plant resources in different periods, including wild-harvested and cultivated resources during different stages, putting forward that ecological cultivation must be the way to develop medicinal plant cultivation and to obtain high quality CHMs.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 352-358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942893

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the impact of surgical treatment on quality of life in patients with locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC). Methods: A descriptive case series study was performed. The complete clinical data of 62 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of LRRC and treated by surgical procedures in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2012 to November 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were followed up at least 12 months. Assessments of urinary function, sexual function, mobility function of lower limb and quality of life were documented. Patients with distant metastasis and surgical history of the urinary system were excluded. According to the criteria of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), recurrence were divided into central (n=27), anterior (n=20), posterior (n=7), and lateral (n=8) subtypes. Baseline characteristics, surgical procedures and short-term complications were analyzed. International prostate symptom score (IPSS) and grade of voiding dysfunction were used to evaluate the urinary function. Higher score of IPSS and higher grade of voiding dysfunction indicated worse voiding function. Sexual function for both genders was assessed preoperatively and postoperatively. International index of erectile function-5 (IIEF-5) was used for assessment of male patients and higher score indicated better function. Female sexual function index (FSFI) was used in females and higher score indicated better function. Short-form health survey with 36 items (SF-36), yielding an 8-scale profile of functional health (physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, emotional health and mental health) was used to evaluate the quality of life. The higher score indicated the better quality of life. Results: All the operations of 62 patients completed successfully and R0 resection rate was 88.7% (55/62). Postoperative surgical complications occurred in 16 cases (25.8%), including 3 patients of Clavien-Dindo classification III. At postoperative 3-month, 42 patients without ileum cystectomy or ureterostomy suffered from different grade of voiding dysfunction. IPSS increased significantly after the surgery (before surgery: 12.36±4.75, after surgery: 18.40±4.77, t=-9.128, P<0.001). There was no significant difference among the subtypes (P>0.05). At postoperative 12-month, IIEF-5 decreased from 14 (0~25) to 9 (0~19) in males (Z=-5.174, P<0.001) and FSFI deceased from 8.4 (2.0-27.0) to 2.0 (2.0-18.4) in females (Z=-3.522, P<0.001). Scores of physical functioning and role-physical decreased significantly [physical functioning: before surgery 70 (35-85), after surgery 65 (30-80), Z=-3.685, P<0.001; role-physical: before surgery 50 (0-50), after surgery 25(0-75), Z=-4.065, P<0.001], while those of social functioning role-emotional and mental health increased significantly after the surgery [social functioning: before surgery 44 (22-78), after surgery 56 (0-89), Z=-3.509, P<0.001; role-emotional: before surgery 17 (0-100), after surgery 33 (0-100), Z=-2.439, P=0.015; mental health: before surgery 40 (36-76), after surgery 52 (24-80), Z=-3.395, P<0.001]. All surgical procedures decreased the voiding function of LRRC patients and the sexual function of male patients (all P<0.01). However, only total pelvic exenteration and posterior pelvic exenteration decreased FSFI in female patients [before surgery: 8.4 (2.0-27.0) after surgery: 2.0 (2.0-18.4), Z=-2.810, P=0.005]. Conclusions: Multi-visceral resection in LRRC patients may damage voiding and sexual function. However, successful and effective surgical treatment can improve the psychosocial health of LRRC patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 216-220, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942416

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in the clinical management of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 168 patients with pyriform sinus carcinoma in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2015 to January 2019 were divided into two groups, based on the different perioperative interventions that patients received, i.e. the ERAS group (n=64) and the conventional group (n=104), including 164 males and 4 females, whose ages ranged from 42 to 84 years old. The difference between two groups in the operative time, postoperative nutritional status, incidences of postoperative complications and postoperative hospitalization time were compared using the student's t test, Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test. Results: Compared with the conventional group, patients in the ERAS group had significantly shorter operative time [(166.8±58.2) min vs. (183.3±39.9) min,t=-2.72, P=0.031], higher levels of postoperative serum albumin [(38.3±4.2) μmol/L vs. (36.6±3.3) μmol/L, t=2.73, P=0.007] and more body weight [(65.4±9.4) kg vs. (62.1±9.4) kg, t=2.22, P=0.028], lower incidences of postoperative subcutaneous infection [7.8% (5/64) vs. 20.2% (21/104), χ²=4.64, P=0.03] and severe pneumonia [4.7% (3/64) vs. 15.4% (16/104), χ²=4.52, P=0.03], and shorter postoperative hospitalization time [(16.5±3.9) d vs. (18.2±4.3) d, t=-2.65, P<0.05]. Conclusion: ERAS is effective and safe in the surgical management of HSCC, with benefits in reducing the operative stress via saving operation time, shortening the hospitalization time, ameliorating nutritional status and decreasing the incidences of complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1085-1090, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of P-loop digestive tract recons-truction in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 21 ampullary disease patients undergoing PD in the Liuzhou People′s Hospital Affiliated to Guangxi Medical University from April to December 2020 were collected. There were 13 males and 8 females, aged from 35 to 76 years, with a median age of 60 years. All the 21 patients underwent PD and digestive tract reconstruction using P-loop method based on the Child reconstruction. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect survival and discomfort symptoms of patients up to December 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or persentages. Results:(1) Surgical situations: all the 21 patients underwent PD successfully. The operation time, time of P-loop anastomosis and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 21 patients were (317±74)minutes, (14±3)minutes and 375 mL(range, 100-800 mL), respectively. Of the 21 patients, 17 cases had pancreatic texture as soft, 4 cases had pancreatic texture as hard, 3 cases had diameter of pancreas ≤3 mm, 18 cases had diameter of pancreas >3 mm, 14 cases were placed pancreatic duct stent, 7 cases were not placed pancreatic duct stent. (2) Postoperative situations: 2 of the 21 patients had grade A pancreatic fistula, and none of patient had grade B or grade C pancreatic fistula. One case had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula, 2 cases without pancreatic fistula had delayed gastric emptying and none of patient had abdominal infection or bleeding. The duration of postoperative hospital stay of 21 patients was (16±5)days, and none of patient died during postoperative 30 days. Results of postoperative histopathological examination showed there were 10 cases with duodenal papillary carcinoma, 4 cases with lower bile duct carcinoma, 3 cases with pancreatic head ductal adenocarcinoma, 1 case with duodenum stromal tumors, 1 case with gastric antrum carcinoma, 1 case with mass in the head of the pancreas of IgG4 and 1 case with choledochal cyst of type 3. (3) Follow-up: all 21 patients were followed up for 1.0 to 7.0 months, with a median follow-up time of 4.3 months. None of patient died. There was no abdominal pain, distension or dyspepsia during follow-up. One case was diagnosed as tumor liver metastasis at postoperative 5 months.Conclusion:P-loop digestive tract reconstruction in PD is safe and effective, with good short-term effect.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL