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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 133-141, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003775

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the correlation between the content of active ingredients of Aurantii Fructus in different main production areas and soil factors, so as to provide a theoretical basis for implementing ecological regulation of soil, improving the quality of Aurantii Fructus, and revealing the origin of genuine medicinal materials. MethodThe content of naringin, neohesperidin, total flavonoids, volatile oil, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, and 17 soil factor-related indicators in 25 batches of Aurantii Fructus from different production areas were determined. The main soil factors affecting the content of active ingredients of Aurantii Fructus were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis, principal component analysis, and grey correlation analysis. ResultThe pH value of the soil is between 4.83 and 8.21, and the soil is weakly acidic and neutral in general. Soil fertility exceeds the average. Pearson correlation analysis shows that the soil factors most related to the four active ingredients of Aurantii Fructus are total phosphorus, available copper, available zinc, exchangeable magnesium, available sulfur, available phosphorus, and available molybdenum. Principal component analysis shows that total nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, organic matter, available phosphorus, and available zinc are the main characteristic factors in soil. Grey correlation analysis shows that the main soil factors affecting the active ingredients of Aurantii Fructus are total phosphorus, total nitrogen, available zinc, available copper, exchangeable magnesium, and pH. ConclusionIn the cultivation of Aurantii Fructus, the medicinal material quality of Aurantii Fructus could be improved by adjusting the level of beneficial factors in the soil and improving the soil texture.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 46-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013605

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of curcumin inhibition of oxidative stress on osteogenic differentiation and its dose-dependent anti-osteoporosis effect. Methods Cellular oxidative stress models were used, different concentrations of curcumin were added to determinethebone formation markers, and the potential signaling pathways involvedwere detected. Meanwhile, the mouse model of osteoporosis ( ovariecto- mized, 0VX) was used to confirm its effect against osteoporosis. Results In vitro experiments found that low concentrations of curcumin (1-10 μmol · L

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 163-169, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011455

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical efficacy of Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) with Qi deficiency and its effects on TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels. MethodA total of 200 patients with CFS of Qi deficiency were randomly divided into a control group (100 cases) and an observation group (100 cases). The control group was treated with vitamin B compounds, and the observation group was treated with Huangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture for two weeks. The scores of TCM syndromes, fatigue symptoms, levels of serum SOD, MDA, and ox-LDL and the incidence of adverse reactions were observed and compared before and after treatment in two groups. ResultAfter treatment, the total effective rate of the control group was 54.34% (50/92), while that of the observation group was 88.54% (85/96). The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (χ2=27.13,P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, scores of fatigue self-assessment scale (FSAS), physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, scores of FSAS, physical fatigue and mental fatigue, and sleep/rest response scores of fatigue in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the two groups after treatment were significantly decreased (P<0.05). After treatment, TCM syndrome scores in the observation group were significantly decreased compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with those in the two groups before treatment, MDA levels in the two groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and SOD levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). After treatment, compared with those in the control group, the serum MDA and ox-LDL levels in the observation group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the serum SOD was significantly increased (P<0.05). No serious adverse events or adverse reactions occurred during this clinical trial. ConclusionHuangqi injection combined with Buzhong Yiqi acupuncture has a good clinical curative effect in the treatment of CFS with Qi deficiency, which can effectively improve the fatigue symptoms of patients, increase the level of SOD, and reduce the level of serum MDA and ox-LDL. It is related to the production of antioxidants, inhibiting the production of lipid peroxides, and improving the body's ability to resist oxidative stress.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 291-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expression of brain-expressed X-linked (BEX) family genes in pan-cancer and its value in diagnosis and prognosis of pan-cancer.Methods:RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data, survival data, immune subtypes, the stem cell scores based on RNA and DNA methylation of 33 different tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were downloaded from the online database of University of California, Santa Cruz (UCSC Xena) on April 10, 2022. The limma package of R software (V.4.2.0) was used to analyze the expression of BEX family genes in the TCGA database. The differential expression of BEX family genes in pan-cancer tissues and normal tissues was compared by using Wilcox test. Pan-cancer patients were divided into high expression group and low expression group according to the median expression level of BEX family genes; Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the expression of BEX family genes and the overall survival (OS) of patients; Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the effect of the expression of BEX family genes on OS in pan-cancer patients and then the forest map was drawn. The correlation of the expression of BEX family genes with tumor microenviroment and tumor stem cells in pan-cancer patients was analyzed based on the correlation index Cor value. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the expression of BEX family genes and tumor microenviroment and cancer stem cell index in gastric cancer tissues. The RNA-seq of different tumor cell lines and drug sensitivity data download from the CellMiner database were used to analyze the correlation between the expression of BEX family genes and drug sensitivity. The correlation of pan-cancer and gastric cancer immune subtypes with the expression of BEX family genes was analyzed by using Kruskal test.Results:BEX3 was highly expressed in pan-cancer tissues in TCGA database, BEX2 and BEX4 were moderately expressed in pan-cancer tissues, and BEX1 and BEX5 were relatively low expressed in pan-cancer tissues. The expressions of BEX2, BEX3 and BEX4 were the highest in cholangiocarcinoma, the expression of BEX5 was the highest in endometrial neoplasms, and the expression of BEX1 was the highest in invasive breast cancer. Compared with normal tissue samples, the expressions of BEX family genes were up-regulated or down-regulated in various cancers (all P < 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the expressions of BEX family genes were associated with the OS of various cancers. Some tumor patients with high expressions of BEX1, BEX3, BEX4 and BEX5 had better OS compared with those with low expressions, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Other patients with high expression of BEX family genes had worse OS compared with those with low expressions, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that the high expression of BEX1 for stomach neoplasms; the high expression of BEX2 for acute myeloid leukemia, thymoma and endometrial neoplasms; the expression high of BEX3 for squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck,sarcoma, stomach neoplasms and endometrial neoplasms; the high expression of BEX4 for rectal adenocarcinoma, stomach neoplasms and endometrial neoplasms; the high expression of BEX5 for renal suspicious cell carcinoma and thymoma were risk factors for OS (all P < 0.05).The expression of BEX family genes was negatively correlated with the stromal score of most cancers (all P < 0.05), and positively correlated with the stem cell score (all P < 0.05). The expression of BEX family genes was negatively correlated with cancer stem cell index of gastric cancer ( P < 0.05), and was positively correlated with matrix score and estimated total score (all P < 0.05). Among different tumor cell lines in CellMiner database, BEX family genes were closely related to drug resistance of vemurafenib (Cor = -0.368, P = 0.004), Kahalide f (Cor = -0.391, P = 0.002), O-6-benzylguanine (Cor = -0.375, P = 0.003) and other drugs. All genes in the BEX family were related to the immune subtypes of pan-cancer and were highly expressed in C5 subtype (all P < 0.05).For gastric cancer, all genes showed high expression in the C3 subtype (all P < 0.05), except BEX5 ( P = 0.24). Conclusions:The expression of BEX family genes is closely related to the prognosis of pan-cancer patients, and has an impact on the tumor microenvironment, cancer stem cells and drug sensitivity. BEX family genes may be potential biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of pan-cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 46-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996033

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the rapid increase in cancer treatment costs in China had brought a huge economic burden to society, and it was urgent to standardize the rational application of anti-tumor drugs. In the context of the reform of group payment related to disease diagnosis, a tertiary first-class hospital focused on the needs of patients and guided by value-based healthcare, established a professional and normalized refined anti-tumor drug management system, setted up a multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment team, and promoted " Internet plus pharmaceutical services" in December 2018.From 2019 to 2021, the proportion of hospital drugs were 30.8%, 30.1%, and 27.3%, respectively. The amount of money spent on anti-tumor drugs were 83.25 million yuan, 76.41 million yuan, and 62.48 million yuan, respectively, showing a decreasing trend year by year. The practice of refined management of anti-tumor drugs fully reflected the core concept of value based healthcare, achieving closed-loop management of the entire process of drugs, improving the level of rational drug use, reducing the economic burden on patients, and providing reference for improving the level of rational use of anti-tumor drugs in public hospitals.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 542-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995015

ABSTRACT

Targeted therapy and immunotherapy have achieved great success in treating various solid and non-solid tumors, but the incidence of drugs-related adverse events is relatively high. The paper reports a case of renal thrombotic microangiopathy in an intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patient who underwent targeted therapy combined with immunotherapy. During the treatment, the tumor burden relieved continuously, but the patient developed proteinuria, edema and hypertension. The ADAMTS13 activity and inhibitors were normal, while the antiphospholipid antibody was positive. The patient was finally diagnosed as glomerular thrombotic microangiopathy with immune complex deposition by renal biopsy. After the cease of the antineoplastic agents and treatment with "cordyceps preparations" and "α-keto acids", the patient's blood pressure dropped to normal, her urine protein turnned to weakly positive, and her renal function remained stable.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 188-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and sarcopenia in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and to explore the relationship between FGF21 and signal pathways related to skeletal muscle metabolism in uremic state at the cellular level.Methods:The data of the HD patients from the blood purification center of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were collected in this prospective observational study between January 2018 and December 2019. Serum FGF21 concentration was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Meanwhile, the skeletal muscle indexes (SMI) at the fourth thoracic vertebra (T4) and the first lumbar vertebra (L1) were assessed by chest CT. According to the T4 SMI and L1 SMI, the patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group. The relationship between serum FGF21 and sarcopenia was analyzed. The C2C12 mouse myoblasts were cultured in vitro, which were intervened with healthy human serum, healthy human serum+different concentrations of FGF21, uremic serum, uremic serum+different concentrations of FGF21. The expressions of muscle ring finger protein-1 (MURF1), muscle atrophy F-box (Atrogin-1), myogenic differentiation (MyoD) and myogenin (MyoG) were detected by Western blotting. Results:A total of 118 HD patients with age of (52.64±15.29) years were enrolled in the study, including 64 males (54.2%) and 54 females (45.8%). The images at T4 and L1 level assessed by chest CT could be acquired from 118 patients and 82 patients, respectively. According to the lowest sex-specific quartile ( P25) of T4 SMI (male < 59.92 cm 2/m 2, female < 46.75 cm 2/m 2) and the lowest sex-specific quartile ( P25) of L1 SMI (male < 29.02 cm 2/m 2, female < 24.50 cm 2/m 2), patients were divided into sarcopenia group and non-sarcopenia group, and there were 29(24.58%) and 20(24.39%) patients in the sarcopenia group, respectively. When the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of T4 SMI, although the serum FGF21 level in the sarcopenia group was higher than that in the non-sarcopenia group, there was no statistical significance between the two groups [448.52(183.96, 1 684.08) ng/L vs. 273.65 (152.83, 535.54) ng/L, Z=-1.741, P=0.082]. When the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of L1 SMI, the serum FGF21 level in the sarcopenia group was significantly higher than that in the non-sarcopenia group [460.95(188.91, 1 276.38) ng/L vs. 239.10(133.25, 466.36) ng/L, Z=-2.170, P=0.030]. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that higher serum FGF21 was an independent influencing factor for sarcopenia in HD patients regardless of whether the patients were divided into two groups according to the sex-specific lowest quartile of T4 SMI or the sex-specific lowest quartile of L1 SMI (T4 SMI grouping: OR=4.085, 95% CI 1.778-9.388, P=0.001; L1 SMI grouping: OR=7.327, 95% CI 1.841-29.160, P=0.005). At T4 and L1 levels, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of FGF21 in predicting sarcopenia in HD patients was 0.636(95% CI 0.494-0.779, P=0.036) and 0.684(95% CI 0.535-0.833, P=0.018), respectively. Cell experiment showed that compared with the uremic serum group, the expressions of MURF1 and Atrogin-1 in myotube cells were increased, while the expressions of MyoD and MyoG were significantly decreased in uremic serum+FGF21 group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions:Higher serum FGF21 is associated with an increased risk of sarcopenia in HD patients. FGF21 may increase the expression of ubiquitin proteasome system, reduce the synthesis and differentiation of skeletal muscle protein, and promote the occurrence of muscle atrophy in uremic patients

8.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 106-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993566

ABSTRACT

Objective:To label mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with 89Zr-oxine complex, and assess its characteristics of PET imaging in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) model (MRL/lpr mice). Methods:SLE mice were screened by 18F-FDG PET imaging. 89Zr-oxine was prepared and used for labeling MSCs (10 6 MSCs and 1 MBq 89Zr-oxine). 89Zr-oxine-labeled MSCs (0.2 MBq) were injected into MRL/lpr mice and BALB/c mice (each n=5) via tail vein at a dose of 1.2×10 6 cells per mouse, and followed with microPET imaging in vivo at 2 h, 6 h, 1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 10 d and 14 d after injection. The percentage activity of injection dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) was calculated. Independent-sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results:MSCs was successfully labeled with 89Zr-oxine, with the labeling efficiency of 20% and cell viability >90%. MicroPET imaging showed that MSCs were mainly distributed in lungs and the liver sites at 2 h after injection. The number of MSCs homing to kidneys of MRL/lpr mice ( n=5) increased significantly 24 h after the injection, and the renal uptake of MSCs in MRL/lpr mice was much higher than that in BALB/c mice ((8.28±1.27) vs (4.33±0.94) %ID/g; t=3.54, P=0.024). The renal uptake increased firstly and then decreased and then leveled off, indicating MSCs homing to kidneys. Conclusions:A method for 89Zr-oxine labeling of MSCs is successfully established. 89Zr-labeled MSCs can home to kidneys of SLE mice. PET imaging of 89Zr-labeled MSCs can be effectively used to explore the in vivo distribution and migration behavior of transplanted MSCs during the treatment of diseases such as SLE.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 332-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathological mechanism of SN hyperechogenicity by investigating the characteristics of substantia nigra (SN) hyperechogenicity on transcranial sonography (TCS) and serum iron metabolism parameters in the postural instability gait difficulty and tremor dominant subtypes of Parkinson′s disease (PD), and the correlation between them.Methods:A total of 155 PD patients recruited in Parkinson′s Disease Specialty in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2019 to December 2021 were divided into postural instability gait difficulty group( n=95) and tremor dominant group( n=60). Meanwhile, 49 healthy gender- and age-matched healthy individuals who sought for physical examination during the same period were included as the control group. All subjects underwent TCS and blood test, and the echo of SN between the postural instability gait difficulty group and tremor dominant group, serum iron metabolism parameters among the three groups were compared. The postural instability gait difficulty group and tremor dominant group were subdivided into with SN hyperechogenicity (SN+ )subgroup and without SN hyperechogenicity (SN-) subgroup respectively according to TCS results, and the differences in serum iron metabolism parameters between the subgroups were further compared. The association between SN hyperechogenicity and serum iron metabolism parameters of the postural instability gait difficulty group and tremor dominant group were further analyzed. Results:The total area of bilateral SN+ , the area of SN+ on the larger side, and the ratio of the total area of SN+ to the midbrain area (S/M) in postural instability gait difficulty group were larger than those in tremor dominant group (all P<0.001). The value of serum ceruloplasmin and transferrin in both postural instability gait difficulty group and tremor dominant group were lower than those in control group (all P<0.001), and compared with tremor dominant group and control group, the postural instability gait difficulty group had lower serum ferritin(all P<0.01). In both postural instability gait difficulty group and tremor dominant group, serum ceruloplasmin in SN+ subgroup was lower than that in SN-subgroup ( P=0.001, 0.032). Moreover, there was a negative correlation between serum transferrin and the area of SN hyperechogenicity in two subgroups(postural instability gait difficulty group: rs=-0.454, P<0.001; tremor dominant group: rs=-0.494, P<0.001). Conclusions:Compared with the tremor dominant patients, the postural instability gait difficulty patients have larger area of SN hyperechogenicity and lower serum ferritin level. The area of SN hyperechogenicity is significantly negatively correlated with serum transferrin level, indicating that the production of this imaging characteristics is related to iron metabolism.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 122-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992478

ABSTRACT

Erdheim-Chester disease is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytic disease that can involve multiple systems, such as bone and joint, nerve, skin, large blood vessels and endocrine.The most common clinical manifestation is slight bone pain around the lower limb joints. The data reported a patient with multiple serous cavity effusion as the first manifestation and lack of symptoms of bone pain. PET-CT examination showed that the bone and large blood vessels were involved, and finally confirmed as Erdheim-Chester disease by bone biopsy pathology. The patient presented atypical manifestations of rare diseases, and the analysis of clinical data of the case will help improve the recognition of the disease by clinicians.

11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 150-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety of ensartinib in the treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) -positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the real-world clinical setting.Methods:Clinical data of 2 221 patients with ALK-positive locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC who received ensartinib treatment (225 mg/d) from December 16, 2020 to December 16, 2021 were collected and analyzed to assess drug adverse reactions in all population including elderly patients (≥ 65 years old) .Results:Among the total 2 221 patients, 511 patients (23.01%) experienced adverse events, including 8 patients (0.36%) who experienced serious adverse events. Adverse events led to dose modification in 67 patients (3.02%) and discontinuation in 18 patients (0.81%). The common adverse events were rash (407/2 221, 18.33%), pruritus (41/2 221, 1.85%), constipation (41/2 221, 1.85%), and facial edema (31/2 221, 1.40%). Thirty-six patients (1.62%) experienced ≥grade 3 adverse events. After symptomatic treatment of 511 patients with adverse reactions, 50 patients (9.78%) were healed, 271 patients (53.03%) were improved, 120 patients (23.48%) were persisted, and 70 patients (13.71%) were unknown due to loss of follow-up or other reasons. Forty-three patients (1.94%) reported 57 unintended adverse reactions. Among the 599 elderly patients, 116 patients (19.37%) experienced adverse events, including 1 patient (0.17%) who experienced serious adverse events. Adverse events led to dose modification in 25 patients (4.17%) and discontinuation in 5 patients (0.83%). The common adverse events of elderly patients were rash (88/599, 14.69%), constipation (14/599, 2.34%), facial edema (12/599, 2.00%), and pruritus (10/599, 1.67%). Twelve patients (2.00%) experienced ≥grade 3 adverse events. Among the 116 elderly patients with adverse reactions following the symptomatic treatment, 11 patients (9.48%) were healed, 58 patients (50.00%) were improved, 28 patients (24.13%) were persisted, and 19 patients (16.39%) were unknown due to loss of follow-up or other reasons. During the treatment, 1 patient (0.05%) experienced grade 2 interstitial lung disease, and no patient died due to adverse events.Conclusion:Ensartinib has a favorable safety profile in the real-world populations, with the most frequent adverse events being rash, mostly mild, and low incidence of ≥grade 3 adverse events. Overall, adverse reactions were tolerable and manageable.

12.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2049-2052, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988814

ABSTRACT

Third-degree atrioventricular block is a severe bradyarrhythmia, for which there is no proven effective drugs currently. Permanent pacemaker implantation recommended by the guideline, however, is not suitable for most patients. This paper reported on a case of third-degree atrioventricular block after cardiac radiofrequency ablation who has been treated with the method of boosting qi, warming yang and unblocking collaterals. The TCM syndrome of this case was diagnosed as yang qi depletion and phlegm-stasis blocking the collaterals, for which Baoyuan Decoction and Mahuang Fuzi Xixin Decoction (保元汤合麻黄附子细辛汤) in modification has been used to boost qi, warm yang and raise the sunken, dissolve phlegm, invigorate blood and unblock collaterals. After nearly 7-month treatment, the symptoms such as palpitations, shortness of breath and fatigue were basically cured, and the electrocardiogram returned to the normal.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 625-630, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964777

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease. At present, the prevalence and mortality of hypertension in China continue to rise, the morbidity and mortality of complications remain high. The continuous increase of blood pressure can cause damage to multiple target organs such as heart, brain, kidney and blood vessels. This article reviews the research progress of signal pathways related to the prevention and treatment of hypertension target organ damage by traditional Chinese medicine, and summarizes six signal pathways related to RhoA/ROCK, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, endothelin-1/nitric oxide, transforming growth factor-β1/Smads, phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases/protein kinase B, and Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear transcription factor-κB, in order to provide theoretical evidence for further research on clinical diagnosis and treatment of hypertension and its target organ damage.

14.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 175-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961845

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize the clinical features and prognosis of pulmonary mucormycosis (PM) in southern China, and to explore the diagnostic value of metagenomic next generation sequencing (mNGS) in PM. MethodsThe clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients diagnosed with PM in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 1, 2019 to January 31, 2022 who had undergone mNGS detection in lung tissue or alveolar lavage fluid were collected retrospectively. A total of 14 patients with PM were included, including 4 patients with confirmed diagnosis and 10 patients with clinical diagnosis. ResultsAll patients had underlying medical conditions, with hematological malignancies and diabetes being the most common. The most common symptoms were fever (n = 10), cough (n = 9) and shortness of breath (n = 9). Consolidation was the most common sign of chest CT, followed by mass, mostly with cavity. On laboratory tests, decreased CD4+T lymphocytes, elevated CD8+T lymphocytes, and decreased CD4+/CD8+ ratio, and presentation with pleural effusion indicate poor prognosis. The positive rate of mNGS diagnosis was 78.5%, which was significantly higher than that of histopathology (50%), fungus rapid fluorescence staining (61.5%) and fungal culture (23.1%) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. ConclusionsPulmonary mucormycosis is more likely to occur in patients with underlying diseases or who are immunocompromised. The clinical manifestations lack specificity. The low CD4/CD8 ratio and presentation of pleural effusion on CT imaging indicate poor prognosis of patients. mNGS is a rapid, convenient and sensitive method for the diagnosis of PM, which has advantages in the diagnosis of pulmonary mucormycosis.

15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 410-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003876

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the awareness of occupational health knowledge and concept of front-line workers in the automobile manufacturing industry. Methods A total of 1 188 front-line workers from 47 automobile manufacturing enterprises in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using the judgment sampling method. The awareness of occupational health knowledge and concept of the workers was investigated using the Personal Questionnaire for National Survey of Occupational Health Literacy for Key Populations. Results The median (25th and 75th percentiles) awareness of occupational health knowledge and concept among the research subjects was 56.00% (44.00%, 64.00%). The awareness was higher among male workers than female workers (P<0.05). The awareness was higher among married workers than workers with other marital status (P<0.05). The awareness of workers with an education level of middle school or below was lower than those in the senior high school and junior college group and bachelor's degree or above group (all P<0.05). The awareness of workers in the group with personal monthly income <5 000 was lower than that in the other two income groups with personal monthly income ≥5 000 (all P<0.05). The awareness of workers in medium and large enterprises was higher than that of workers in small and micro enterprises (all P<0.05). The awareness of workers in foreign-funded enterprises was higher than that in private enterprises and other enterprises (all P<0.05). The awareness of workers with job tenure >5-10 and >10 years was higher than that in workers with job tenure of 1-≤5 years (P<0.05). The awareness for the 25 items of occupational health knowledge and concept among the research subjects ranged from 6.14% to 96.72%, with an average awareness of 54.46% for the 25 items. Conclusion The awareness of occupational health knowledge and concept of front-line workers in automobile manufacturing industry is not high in general, and it is influenced by gender, marriage status, education level, personal monthly income, enterprise nature and scale, and job tenure.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 399-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003874

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and influencing factors of traditional occupational health training on occupational health literacy (OHL) of employees in micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises. Methods A total of 540 employees from 154 micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, who participated (347 employees) and not-participated (193 employees) in traditional occupational health training, and 171 community residents/students (not-participated in occupational health training) were selected as the research subjects using the convenient sampling method. The OHL level was investigated using Occupational Health Literacy Questionnaire of National Key Populations. Results The overall OHL level of employees was 43.3% (234/540). Among them, the overall OHL level of untrained and trained employees was 38.9% and 45.8%, respectively, and the overall OHL level of community residents/students was 43.3%. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the higher the educational level, the higher the OHL level (all P<0.01). The OHL level of untrained and trained employees was higher than that of untrained community residents/students (all P<0.05). The interaction of education level and training status had no statistical difference on the OHL level of the research subjects (P>0.05). The results of factorial design analysis of variance showed that the overall OHL score rate of untrained employees and trained employees was higher than that of untrained community residents/students (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in overall OHL score rate between untrained and trained employees (P>0.05). Conclusion The role of traditional occupational health training in improving the OHL level of employees in micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises needs to be improved. The responsibility of enterprise occupational health training should be implemented, and multiple measures should be taken to enrich the ways and approaches of occupational health education for enterprise employees, to effectively improve the OHL of workers.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3216-3221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999098

ABSTRACT

Azithromycin dry suspension is one of the most commonly used drugs in pediatric clinic, but its taste masking has been difficult to achieve. 5 representative products of azithromycin dry suspension were chose to compare their tastes both using electronic tongue and human sensory evaluation methods, and there existed the differences of bitterness, later bitterness, graininess, and adhesion among these products. Raman micro-imaging was used to determine the difference in taste mainly due to different prescription ingredients and manufacturing techniques. Through mixing the dry suspensions with alkaline mixing solvent, the bad taste of each product was masked after evenly dispersing in the solvent, and their tastes were all close to the taste of the solvent. In the future, it is planned to investigate the stability and bioavailability of the solvent preparations, and then to give the medication suggestion of solvent preparation after ensuring their efficacy.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3198-3203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999087

ABSTRACT

A flavoring agent and a suspension agent were prepared for extemporaneous compounding. The stability of the two agents before and after drug loading was investigated, and the taste of the suspension after extemporaneous compounding was evaluated by electronic tongue technology. The two agents remained stable under the conditions of influence factor test, accelerated test and long-term test. The appearance properties of the two agents did not change. The relative density of the flavoring agent was maintained at 1.053-1.075, and the pH was stable at 4.2-4.5. The relative density of the suspension agent was maintained at 0.999-1.022, and the pH was stable at 4.0-4.5. Seven kinds of drugs, including warfarin sodium tablets and spironolactone tablets, were mixed with these two oral solvents, and the content uniformity and stability were detected respectively. The results showed that the preparations could be evenly dispersed and the physical and chemical properties were stable. The results of taste evaluation showed that in captopril group and chloral hydrate group, the flavoring agent had the best effect on taste correction. In warfarin sodium group, rifampicin group, spironolactone group, vitamin B1 group and vitamin B2 group, the blending agents had the best effect on taste correction.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3160-3164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999086

ABSTRACT

Recent years, China has released a series of policies to encourage drug research and development in pediatric populations, aiming to meet pediatric populations' medical needs. Because of the physical and psychological developmental characteristics, tolerance of aversive feelings when taking medications are different between pediatric population and adults. So pediatric populations are at a relatively higher risk of not taking medications as prescribed when the medication tasted unpleasant. Therefore, sound design and evaluation of oral sensory features have important clinical significance and value in developing pediatric medications. "Technical guidance for the design and evaluation of the oral sensory features of pediatric drugs (trial version) " was released in November 2022, by Centre for Drug Evaluation, National Medical Products Administration of China. Based on the guidance, this article will introduce the drafting background and review considerations, hoping to provide reference for the design and evaluation of oral sensory features, and promote drug developing in pediatric population.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1222-1227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013767

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most common and serious microvascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus. Diabetic renal fibrosis ( DRF) is a major pathological change in the development of DN. In recent years the incidence of renal fibrosis (RF) has remained high. For diabetic patients, RF may expose them to kidney transplantation or even death, which brings a great burden to themselves and their families. Therefore, learning the pathogenesis and the current treat ment status of DRF is crucial for the treatment of the disease and the development of new drugs. Here we review the general situa¬tion of DN, the general situation, molecular mechanism, and the treatment of DRF,looking forward to providing a reference for the research and treatment of DRF.

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