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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 173-177, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012462

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption with insomnia and depressive symptoms among first grade middle school students from Yunnan Province, so as to provide evidence to guide interventions for the treatment of these symptoms in this population.@*Methods@#From October to December 2022, 8 500 firstgrade middle school students from 11 counties in Yunnan Province were selected by cluster random sampling. Depressive symptoms, SSB consumption, and insomnia symptoms among students were evaluated by the Child Depression Scale (CDI), dietary frequency questionnaire, and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). A Logistic regression model was employed to analyze the relationship between SSB consumption, insomnia, depressive symptoms, and their interaction effects among students.@*Results@#The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 28.3%, and having insomnia symptoms ( OR=6.07, 95%CI =5.46-6.75), consuming carbonated beverages ( OR=1.20, 95%CI =1.08-1.34), tea ( OR=1.13, 95%CI =1.02-1.25), energy drinks ( OR=1.36, 95%CI =1.23-1.50), and other beverages ( OR=1.32, 95%CI =1.19-1.45) were positively correlated with depressive symptoms among first grade middle school students ( P < 0.05). Carbonated beverages (additive effect: OR=2.96, 95%CI =2.72-3.22, multiplicative effect: OR=4.75, 95%CI =4.25- 5.32 ), fruit drinks (additive effect: OR=2.61, 95%CI =2.40-2.82; multiplicative effect: OR=4.43, 95%CI =3.94-4.97), tea (additive effect: OR=2.70, 95%CI =2.47-2.89; multiplicative effect: OR=4.34, 95%CI =3.86-4.89), energy drinks (additive effect: OR=2.82, 95%CI =2.61-3.05; multiplicative effect: OR=4.48, 95%CI =3.92-5.12), sweetened milk (additive effect: OR= 2.73, 95%CI =2.06-2.96; multiplicative effect: OR=4.61, 95%CI =4.12-5.17) and other beverages (additive effect: OR= 2.73 , 95%CI =2.53-2.95; multiplicative effect: OR=4.56, 95%CI =4.00-5.20) had both additive and multiplicative effects with insomnia, and increased the risk of depressive symptoms in first grade middle school students ( P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#The interaction between the consumption of SSB and insomnia symptoms may increase the risk of depressive symptoms among first grade middle school students in Yunnan Province. It is necessary to advocate middle school students to reduce SSB intake, in order to decrease the occurrence of depressive symptoms among this population.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 168-172, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012461

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the latent class of dietary patterns and their association with depressive symptoms among first grade students from multi ethnic middle schools in Yunnan Province, so as to provide a reference basis for promoting mental health among border middle school students.@*Methods@#A cluster random sampling involving 8 500 first grade middle school students from 11 counties in Yunnan Province was conducted by a questionnaire survey between October to December 2022. The Children s Depression Inventory (CDI) was used to assess the depressive symptoms and the Food Frequency Questionnaire was used to collect eating behavior data. The latent profile analysis model was used to fit the latent class of dietary patterns among students. The association between the dietary pattern latent class and depressive symptoms was analyzed by Logistic regression.@*Results@#The depressive symptom detection rate among firstgrade middle school students was 28.3%. Prevalence of depressive symptom in girls (30.9%) was higher than boys (25.5%) with a statistically significant difference ( χ 2=29.83, P <0.01). The dietary patterns among first grade middle school students were classified into four latent classes, as follows:class 1 (low consumption of all dietary components), class 2 (high consumption of fruit, milk and dairy products), class 3 (high consumption of vegetables and meat, and low consumption of processed foods) and class 4 (low consumption of milk, dairy products and eggs, and high consumption of processed foods). After adjusting for confounding variables, the class 3 dietary pattern was negatively correlated with depressive symptoms ( OR=0.62, 95%CI =0.52-0.74) and the class 4 dietary pattern was positively correlated with depressive symptoms ( OR= 1.28 , 95%CI =1.05-1.57) ( P <0.05), compared with the class 1 dietary pattern.@*Conclusions@#Multi ethnic first grade middle school students in Yunnan Province follow various dietary patterns. Unhealthy dietary patterns increase the risk of depressive symptoms. The dietary patterns of multi ethnic middle school students in Yunnan Province should be adjusted to promote the establishment of healthy dietary patterns and reduce the risk of depression symptoms in middle school students.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 162-167, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012460

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the occurrence and predictive factors of depressive symptoms among multi ethnic middle school students in Yunnan Province, so as to provide a referential framework for schools to carry out targeted mental health education.@*Methods@#From October to December 2022, 8 500 first grade students from 23 middle schools were selected from 11 minority areas in Yunnan Province by cluster random sampling method. Demographic information and data relating to the students lifestyles were collected by questionnaire, and the Children s Depression Inventory (CDI) was used to evaluate depressive symptoms. Chi square test was performed to compare differences in the detection rate of depressive symptoms among first grade middle school students for univariate analysis. A decision tree model of depressive symptoms in middle school students was established by using the Chi squared automatic interaction detector (CHAID).@*Results@#The detection rate of depressive symptoms among first grade students from multi ethnic middle schools in Yunnan Province was 28.26%. The decision tree model of depressive symptoms was academic stress ( χ 2=469.08) at the first level, breakfast behaviors (low/moderate academic stress: χ 2=155.49; severe academic stress: χ 2=105.24) at the second level, and the number of close friends (low/moderate academic stress and consuming breakfast 0- 2 days weekly: χ 2=23.15; low/moderate academic stress and consuming breakfast 3-4 days weekly: χ 2=14.99; severe academic stress and consuming breakfast 0-2 days weekly: χ 2=29.26; severe academic stress and consuming breakfast 3-4 days weekly: χ 2=20.15), ethnicity ( χ 2=78.22) and drinking ( χ 2=50.36) at the third level ( P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#The study identifies academic stress, breakfast behaviors, number of close friends, drinking and ethnicity as predictive factors of depressive symptoms among multi ethnic middle school students in Yunnan Province. Schools should develop targeted strategies for preventing and managing depressive symptoms in middle school students, so as to reduce their occurrence.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 342-350, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effects of bicistronic DNA vaccines carrying herpes simplex virus type 2 glycoprotein D (HSV-2 gD) and adjuvant CCL28 sequences that were connected by internal ribosome entry site (IRES) sequence in mouse model.Methods:The recombinant DNA vaccines, pgD-IRES-CCL28 and pCCL28-IRES-gD, encoding HSV-2 gD and adjuvant CCL28 were constructed with IRES sequence. After verified by sequencing, they were intramuscularly injected twice into BALB/c mice. Serum samples and vaginal lavage fluids were collected regularly. Splenocytes, mesenteric lymph node cells and rectal mucosa tissues were separated and collected. The titers of antigen-specific antibodies in immunized mice were analyzed with end-point ELISA. In vitro neutralization assay was used to measure neutralizing antibody titers in serum and vaginal lavage fluid after vaccination and virus challenge. CCL28-responsive immune cells in splenocytes, mesenteric lymph node cells and rectal tissues were detected by chemotaxis experiment and immunohistochemical staining. The protective effects of the bicistronic DNA vaccines were evaluated by fluorescent quantitative PCR, weighing and disease severity assessment. Humoral and cellular immune responses induced by the bicistronic DNA vaccines and their efficacy in immunoprotection were analyzed by comparing with pgD+ pCCL28 group. Results:IgG titers in serum samples and IgA antibody titers in vaginal lavage fluids of mice immunized with pCCL28-IRES-gD were similar to those in pgD+ pCCL28 group. The neutralizing ability of antibodies, the number of rectal mucosal IgA+ plasma cells and CCL28-responsive immune cells in mucosal tissues were increased in pCCL28-IRES-gD group. Serum neutralizing antibodies were not produced immediately in the mice challenged with HSV-2, but no weight loss, disease symptoms or death was observed. However, pgD+ pcDNA3.1 and pgD-IRES-CCL28 were ineffective against HSV-2 infection in mice.Conclusions:The recombinant bicistronic DNA vaccine of pCCL28-IRES-gD could induce stronger mucosal immune response in mice and provide better protective effects.

5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 669-674, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the preadmission follow-up condition of neonates hospitalized due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the department of obstetrics and the influencing factors for follow-up compliance.@*METHODS@#A multicenter retrospective case-control study was performed for the cases from the multicenter clinical database of 12 units in the Quality Improvement Clinical Research Cooperative Group of Neonatal Severe Hyperbilirubinemia in Jiangsu Province of China from January 2019 to April 2021. According to whether the follow-up of neonatal jaundice was conducted on time after discharge from the department of obstetrics, the neonates were divided into two groups: good follow-up compliance and poor follow-up compliance. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for follow-up compliance of the neonates before admission.@*RESULTS@#A total of 545 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were included in the study, with 156 neonates (28.6%) in the good follow-up compliance group and 389 (71.4%) in the poor follow-up compliance group. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low gestational age at birth, ≥10% reduction in body weight on admission compared with birth weight, history of phototherapy of siblings, history of exchange transfusion of siblings, Rh(-) blood type of the mother, a higher educational level of the mother, the use of WeChat official account by medical staff to remind of follow-up before discharge from the department of obstetrics, and the method of telephone notification to remind of follow-up after discharge were associated with the increase in follow-up compliance (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Poor follow-up compliance is observed for the neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the department of obstetrics, which suggests that it is necessary to further strengthen the education of jaundice to parents before discharge and improve the awareness of jaundice follow-up. It is recommended to remind parents to follow up on time by phone or WeChat official account.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Case-Control Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/therapy , Obstetrics , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 593-598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5304-5308, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878816

ABSTRACT

It is crucial to establish a complete set of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) quality traceability management process system, in order to stabilize the pricing order of TCM market and reconstruct the transmission path of TCM quality signals. In this study, we reviewed the mature experience of food and drug supervision at home and abroad, analyzed the quality characteristics of TCM, and put forward that the quality control of TCM products can learn from the hazard analysis and critical control point(HACCP) system in food safety quality control. This study points out that the HACCP system provides not only technical guidance for the traceability management of TCM, but also ideas for improving the quality of TCM products and the safety risk control of TCM. The application of the HACCP system in TCM quality control can help establish an international dialogue platform for TCM and help realize the modernization and internationalization of TCM industry.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 690-695, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and the management on the treatment and follow-up of this disease in Jiangsu Province, China.@*METHODS@#The neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia who were admitted to 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province from January to December, 2018, were enrolled as subjects. A retrospective analysis was performed on their mediacal data and follow-up data.@*RESULTS@#In 2018, 740 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were reported from the 13 hospitals in Jiangsu Province, accounting for 2.70% (740/27 386) of the total number of neonates admitted to the department of neonatology. Among these neonates, 620 (83.8%) had severe hyperbilirubinemia, 106 (14.3%) had extremely severe hyperbilirubinemia, and 14 (1.9%) had hazardous hyperbilirubinemia. Four neonates (0.5%) were diagnosed with acute bilirubin encephalopathy. A total of 484 neonates (65.4%) were readmitted due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the delivery institution, with a median age of 7 days, among whom 214 (44.2%) were followed up for jaundice at the outpatient service before readmission, with a median age of 6 days at the first time of outpatient examination. During hospitalization, 211 neonates (28.5%) underwent cranial MRI examinations, among whom 85 (40.3%) had high T1WI signal in the bilateral basal ganglia and the globus pallidus; 238 neonates (32.2%) underwent brainstem auditory evoked potential examinations, among whom 14 (5.9%) passed only at one side and 7 (2.9%) failed at both sides. The 17 neonates with acute bilirubin encephalopathy or hazardous hyperbilirubinemia were followed up. Except one neonate was lost to follow-up, and there were no abnormal neurological symptoms in the other neonates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia account for a relatively high proportion of the total number of neonates in the department of neonatology. Jaundice monitoring and management after discharge from delivery institutions need to be strengthened. For neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia, relevant examinations should be carried out more comprehensively during hospitalization and these neonates should be followed up comprehensively and systematically after discharge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Bilirubin , China , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 759-764, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941172

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, who underwent TAVR with follow-up time more than one year in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from April 2016 to August 2018, were included. According to aortic CT angiography, the patients were divided into BAV group and TAV group. The primary endpoint was the composite event of all-cause death and stroke, and the secondary endpoints were TAVR-related complications. Incidence of clinical endpoints and parameters derived from echocardiography were compared between the groups, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the composite event between the two groups. Results: A total of 49 patients were included. The age was (73.6±6.3) years, and 25(51.0%) were male. There were 32 patients in BAV group and 17 in TAV group, the follow-up time was 466 (390, 664) days. The incidence of composite endpoint of death and stroke at one year were comparable in BAV and TAV groups (6.3% (2/32) vs. 5.9% (1/17), P=1.00). Kaplan-Meier curves also showed a similar risk of the composite endpoint(HR=1.03,95%CI 0.09-11.24,Log-rank P=0.98) between two groups. The incidence of all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, severe bleeding, major vascular complications, new-onset atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, and permanent pacemaker implantation were all similar between the two groups(all P>0.05), and there was no acute kidney injury (stage 2 or 3) in both groups. Echocardiographic parameters at one year were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The midterm prognosis of TAVR in patients with BAV and TAV stenosis is similar. Clinical trials of large sample size with long-term follow-up are warranted to verify our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 928-931, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861009

ABSTRACT

Hyperthyroidism caused by Graves disease is called Graves hyperthyroidism, which is characterized by diffuse thyroid goiter complicated with hypermetabolism at the same time. A variety of ultrasound techniques can provide qualitative and quantitative information of thyroid tissue for diagnosis and treatment of patients with Graves hyperthyroidism, and guide timely clinical diagnosis and individual treatment. The application progresses of thyroid ultrasound in diagnosis and treatment of Graves hyperthyroidism were reviewed in this paper.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 76-80, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744574

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of aquatic treadmill training on walking function in stroke patients.Methods From July, 2015 to October, 2017, 33 patients with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into control group (n = 16) and treatment group (n = 17).The control group accepted routine water exercise, while the treatment group accepted aquatic treadmill training in addition, for six weeks. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), 2 Minute Walk Test (2MWT) and gait analysis before and after six weeks of treatment.Results All the indexes improved in both groups after treatment (t> 2.536, P < 0.05), and the performance of BBS, TUG, 2 MWT, and gait analysis indexes of length, speed and width of steps improved more in the treatment group than in the control group (t> 2.057, P < 0.05). The incidence of improvement was more in in the treatment group than in the control group (χ2= 33, P < 0.001) Conclusion Aquatic treadmill training can improve the walking function for stroke patients.

12.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 671-675, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849802

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for liver fibrosis of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods: Four hundred and seventy patients with NASH selected from January 2006 to April 2018 were enrolled in the study, and LSM was performed within 3 days before liver biopsy. Clinical parameters and the pathological features were analyzed retrospectively. Non-invasive models (APRI and FIB-4) were calculated based on their own formula. The correlations between these 3 non-invasive approaches and liver fibrosis stages were analyzed with Spearman method, the diagnostic performances were analyzed with receiver operating characteristic (ROC). Results: Of the 470 NASH patients, 346 were male (73.6%). The degree of hepatic fibrosis was detected by liver puncture. The number of patients with S0, S1, S2, S3, S4 were 73, 253, 96, 40, 8 cases respectively. The median value of LSM in each group was 5.4, 6.5, 8.6, 10.7, 22.9 kPa, respectively. Spearman analysis showed that LSM and APRI were positively correlated with the stages of liver fibrosis, and the correlation coefficients were 0.626 and 0.342(P<0.001). ROC analysis showed that the value of LSM for different fibrosis stages was significantly higher than APRI. The AUROC of hepatic fibrosis S1, S2, S3 and S4 in LSM was 0.784, 0.857, 0.953 and 0.986 respectively. The corresponding optimal diagnostic cut-off values were 5.6, 7.7, 8.8 and 12.3 kPa, respectively. Conclusion: The value of LSM is positively correlated with hepatic fibrosis stage of NASH and LSM is a useful reference index for diagnosing the stage of hepatic fibrosis in NASH.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 156-159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861514

ABSTRACT

Hemophilia is a recessive hereditary hemorrhagic disease linked with sex chromosomes. The main clinical manifestations of hemophilia are repeated bleeding of muscles and joints. Hemophilia muscular diseases can cause acute compartment syndrome, pseudotumor formation, muscular atrophy and ossifying myositis. Ultrasonography has advantages of real-time, noninvasive, simple, quick, strong repeatability and high resolution, which has been widely used in diagnosis of hemophilia muscular diseases. The application progresses of ultrasound in diagnosis of hemophilia muscular diseases were reviewed in this article.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2841-2848, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773251

ABSTRACT

Curcumin( Cur) is a natural active substance extracted from the roots or tubers of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities on brain diseases. Due to the poor stability,low solubility,poor absorption and low bioavailability of curcumin,N-acetyl-L-cysteine( NAC) was used as an absorption enhancer and mixed with curcumin to improve the absorption of curcumin in the body. In this paper,curcumin was smashed by airflow pulverization,and Cur-NAC mixtures were prepared by being grinded with liquid. Then,the raw material and the product were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry( DSC),X-ray diffraction( XRD) for structural characterization. The dissolution was determined by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) analysis. The characteristic peaks of the samples prepared by grinding method were similar to those of the raw materials,while the melting temperature and the accumulated dissolution degree were not significantly changed. The crystal forms of the products were not changed,and no new crystal form was formed after grinding. After the administration of intranasal powder,blood samples were collected from the orbit,while the whole brain tissues were removed from the skull and dissected into 10 anatomical regions. The concentrations of curcumin in these samples were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The concentrations of curcumin in plasma and brain were compared at different time points. After intranasal administration of two drugs,it was found that the concentration of curcumin after sniffing up the mixtures in plasma was high,and the concentration of the drug in the olfactory bulb,hippocampus,and pons was increased significantly. Within 0. 083-0. 5 h,the olfactory bulb,piriform lobe and hippocampus remained high concentrations,the endodermis,striatum,hypothalamus and midbrain reached high concentrations within 1-3 h; and the cerebellum,pons and brain extension maintained relatively high concentrations within 3-7 h. The experiment showed that nasal administration of Cur-NAC mixtures can significantly improve the bioavailability of curcumin,and lead to significant differences in brain tissue distribution.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acetylcysteine , Pharmacology , Administration, Intranasal , Biological Availability , Brain , Brain Chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid , Curcumin , Pharmacokinetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tissue Distribution
15.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 493-496, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778310

ABSTRACT

Lemuel Shattuck (1793-1859) was a famous American public health reformer, historian and statistician in the mid-19th century. He introduced statistics into the American system of vital statistics registration and promoted the modernization of the United States demographics. In 1850, he submitted Report of a General Plan for the Promoting of Public and Personal Health to the Sanitary Commission of Massachusetts, which built a blueprint for the future development of the American public health system and laid the foundation for the widespread development of the public health movement in the late 19th century. Shattuck is not only a pioneer in the modern American census, but also a leader in public health in the United States.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1066-1069, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905123

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of action observation training based on mirror neuron system on motor function of upper extremities in stroke patients. Methods:From June, 2016 to June, 2017, 61 stroke patients were randomly assigned to control group (n = 30) and observation group (n = 31). They all accepted routine rehabilitation, and the observation group received action observation therapy in addition, for eight weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities, modified Ashworth Scale and modified Barthel Index before and after treatment. Results:All the indexes improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 2.651, P < 0.05), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 2.048, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The action observation training may further improve the upper extremity motor function in stroke patients.

17.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 32-36, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate guidance levels of radionuclide for food and drinking water.Methods: According to the relevant standards and technical documents issued by international organizations, the computing methods of guidance levels of radionuclide for food and drinking water under the existing exposure situation and emergency exposure situation were analyzed and researched.Results: The calculated guidance levels of 17 radionuclides in drinking water and 20 radionuclides in food in existing exposure situation were provided, and the guidance levels of 24 radionuclides in food and drinking water in emergency exposure situation also were proposed. It was found that the relevant standards in China were lag and the standard of guidance levels of radionuclides activity concentrations for drinking water were deficient.Conclusion: It is suggested that the standards of guidance levels of radionuclide for food and drinking water in China should be formulated or revised by referring to international standard that issued from international organization and taking into account the specific conditions in China so as to preferably protect public health of our country.

18.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 22-33, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695760

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma soluble CD163 (sCD163) levels in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods A total of 124 individuals,83 patients with ARDS,20 patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE),and 21 healthy controls,were enrolled in this study.ARDS patients were classified into survivors and nonsurvivors according to 28-day mortality.The concentration of plasma sCD163 was measured by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were employed to evaluate the accuracy of sCD163 in diagnosing ARDS and predicting 28-day ICU outcome.Cumulative survival curve was carried out by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.Logistic regression analysis was assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis to identify independent predictors of outcome controlling for reported risk factor of mortality.Results Patients with ARDS had significantly higher median levels of sCD163 compared to patients with CPE [496.7(421.8-577.5) ng/mL vs.284.5(141.7-459.2) ng/mL,P<0.001] upon admission to ICU.The sCD163 levels of non-survivors was significantly higher than that of survivors [577.5 (503.7-623.4) ng/mL vs.479.6 (395.4-520.8) ng/mL,P<0.001].Multivariate logistic regression showed sCD163 (OR =1.02,P =0.001)was the independent predictor for 28-day mortality in patients with ARDS.Conclusions Plasma sCD163 is a potential biomarker for diagnosis of ARDS and differenting the severity of ARDS.Meanwhile,sCD163 was an independent prognostic marker for 28-day mortality in ARDS patients.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1648, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687253

ABSTRACT

To investigate the feasibility of vapor permeation membrane technology in separating essential oil from oil-water extract by taking the Forsythia suspensa as an example. The polydimethylsiloxane/polyvinylidene fluoride (PDMS/PVDF) composite flat membrane and a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) flat membrane was collected as the membrane material respectively. Two kinds of membrane osmotic liquids were collected by self-made vapor permeation device. The yield of essential oil separated and enriched from two kinds of membrane materials was calculated, and the microscopic changes of membrane materials were analyzed and compared. Meanwhile, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to compare and analyze the differences in chemical compositions of essential oil between traditional steam distillation, PVDF membrane enriched method and PDMS/PVDF membrane enriched method. The results showed that the yield of essential oil enriched by PVDF membrane was significantly higher than that of PDMS/PVDF membrane, and the GC-MS spectrum showed that the content of main compositions was higher than that of PDMS/PVDF membrane; The GC-MS spectra showed that the components of essential oil enriched by PVDF membrane were basically the same as those obtained by traditional steam distillation. The above results showed that vapor permeation membrane separation technology shall be feasible for the separation of Forsythia essential oil-bearing water body, and PVDF membrane was more suitable for separation and enrichment of Forsythia essential oil than PDMS/PVDF membrane.

20.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 2119-2126, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852009

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the oral toxicity of Shufeng Jiedu Capsule (SFJD) in SD rats during peri-weaning period, and provide reference for the clinical application of SFJD in infants. Methods Ten-day-old healthy SD rats were exposed to 0 and 4 g/kg of SFJD once per day for 14 d via intra-gastric administration. Mortality, general physical signs, body weights, spontaneous motor activity, learning and memory functions, hematology (with T and B lymphocyte subgroups included), serum chemistry, serum testosterone, insulin-like growth factor, organ weights, as well as gross pathological findings were evaluated between the control and exposure group. Physical development indicators such as pinna unfolding, coat growth, incisor eruption, and eyes opening time, were also recorded. The body length and tail length of rats under anesthesia were detected. Results After SFJD administration, loose stools and orange colored urine were found in rats, and the color of the urine was related to the color of drugs. The body weight growth rates were decreased compared with the control group. Urine specific gravity was increased in rats. RBC and Ret concentrations were decreased in two of the 16 tested animals. Liver, spleen, and kidney ratios to body and brain weight were increased in rats; The weight of spleen was also increased compared with the control group. Conclusion It was well tolerated to peri-weaning rats after the ig administration of 4 g/kg SFJD. The concerns of diarrhea, mild body weight growth rate, as well as RBC and Ret decrease should be noted for long term and high dose usage in infants and toddlers.

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