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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 274-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913514

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Splenic flexure colon cancer (SFCC) is a rare disease that accounts for 2%–8% of colorectal cancers, and the extent of surgery and resection is still debatable. There have also been few studies on the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for SFCC. The purpose of this study is to evaluate outcomes and prognoses of surgery for SFCC. @*Methods@#We included patients with stage 1 to 3 who had undergone laparoscopic surgery for distal transverse-to-sigmoid colon cancer at 2 hospitals from March 2004 to December 2016 and collected data by retrospective design. We defined SFCC as being cancer between distal transverse and proximal descending colon. The short- and long-term outcomes of the anterior resection (AR) group (those patients who had undergone laparoscopic AR for mid and distal descending to sigmoid colon cancer) and the left colon resection (LR) group (those who had undergone laparoscopic segmental left colectomy for SFCC) were compared using propensity score matching. @*Results@#The median follow-up period was 60 months. The numbers of subjects in the AR and the LR groups were 948 and 118. After 2:1 propensity score matching, 236 vs. 118 patients were selected. There was no significant difference in 5-year disease-free survival (80.7% vs. 78.6%, P = 0.607), and both the 5-year overall survival (89.2% vs. 88.2%, P = 0.563) as well as short-term outcomes showed no statistical difference in most of the variables. @*Conclusion@#Laparoscopic segmental left colectomy can be one option among the standard procedures for SFCC.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 398-402, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896735

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Few studies have analyzed the effects of preoperative pain education on the postoperative decision to discharge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pain education and management on the decision to discharge patients after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). @*Methods@#We analyzed 135 patients who had undergone SILA for acute appendicitis between March 2017 and April 2018 in a single medical center. Of these, 72 patients (53.3%) had received preoperative pain education (group 1), and 63 (46.7%) had not (group 2). We compared perioperative outcomes and complications between the groups. @*Results@#Baseline characteristics of sex, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologist score, and systemic inflammation factors (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, C-reactive protein level) did not differ significantly between the groups. There were no postoperative complications for patients in either group. Perioperative consequences and pathologic findings were not significantly different between the groups; however, length of hospital was significantly shorter in group 1. @*Conclusion@#Preoperative pain education in relation to postoperative pain management influenced the decision to shorten the postoperative hospital length of stay after SILA.

3.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 398-402, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889031

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Few studies have analyzed the effects of preoperative pain education on the postoperative decision to discharge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pain education and management on the decision to discharge patients after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). @*Methods@#We analyzed 135 patients who had undergone SILA for acute appendicitis between March 2017 and April 2018 in a single medical center. Of these, 72 patients (53.3%) had received preoperative pain education (group 1), and 63 (46.7%) had not (group 2). We compared perioperative outcomes and complications between the groups. @*Results@#Baseline characteristics of sex, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologist score, and systemic inflammation factors (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, C-reactive protein level) did not differ significantly between the groups. There were no postoperative complications for patients in either group. Perioperative consequences and pathologic findings were not significantly different between the groups; however, length of hospital was significantly shorter in group 1. @*Conclusion@#Preoperative pain education in relation to postoperative pain management influenced the decision to shorten the postoperative hospital length of stay after SILA.

4.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 49-51, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836140

ABSTRACT

Anatomical variation of the cystic artery (CA) is frequently observed. However, a CA originating in a segment IV hepatic artery (HA) has been rarely reported. We report double CA originating in a right segment IV HA detected during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). A 67-year-old man underwent LC for symptomatic gallstones. We ligated and divided the cystic duct initially, and performed a procedure similar to the management of CA in the hepatobiliary triangle. In contrast to the other cases, the falciform ligament was attached to gallbladder. Severe arterial bleeding was observed during the dissection. We dissected the bleeding site and found another CA for ligation. A preoperative abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed a CA originating from a segment IV HA. The patient was discharged without any events the next day. In conclusion, we report a CA originating in segment IV HA. A falciform ligament attached to gallbladder suggests the unusual CA.

5.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 119-126, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765802

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the educational value of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) videos on YouTube for surgical trainees. METHODS: The search term “Laparoscopic appendectomy” was used on YouTube. The top 100 videos sorted by the number of views were evaluated. Each YouTube account was analyzed, and only videos uploaded by medical physicians were included in this study. Video quality was evaluated using an arbitrary appendectomy scoring system. Video characteristics and Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS) scores were analyzed regarding video quality and upload source. RESULTS: The video quality of 14 (25.0%) videos was graded as good, 36 (64.3%) moderate, and 6 (10.7%) of poor quality. Video characteristic analysis showed no differences in video quality according to the upload source (p=0.573). Video quality and upload source were not related to video length, total views, days online, number of likes, number of dislikes, number of comments, or GOALS score. Among the factors analyzed, only appendicitis severity was found to be associated with video grade (p=0.049). CONCLUSION: The quality of LA YouTube videos varied. Categories considered as viewer feedback were not associated with video grade or upload source. Responsible video uploading by academic institutions, and appropriate censorship by YouTube seems necessary. Further research with objective data on actual application to surgical trainees is necessary.


Subject(s)
Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Laparoscopy
6.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 155-161, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760586

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of early phosphorus intake on respiratory distress in extremely low-birth-weight infants (ELBWIs) with a high incidence of hypophosphatemia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to target 164 ELBWIs admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit in Seoul National University Children's Hospital. Birth characteristics, nutritional intake, and electrolyte levels during the first week were investigated as predictors that would affect the clinical outcomes. The correlations among invasive ventilation at postnatal age of 2 weeks, moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and phosphorous intake were analyzed. RESULTS: Hypophosphatemia (phosphorus level <4 mg/dL) was observed in 72.0% of the subjects. The rates of invasive ventilation (P=0.001) and moderate-to-severe BPD (P=0.005) were significantly lower in the high phosphorus intake group (≥0.7 mM/kg/day) than in the low phosphorus intake group (<0.7 mM/kg/day). Phosphorus intake during the first week was a significant factor affecting invasive ventilation at 2 weeks of age (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 8.212; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.256 to 28.896; P=0.001) and moderate-to-severe BPD (adjusted OR, 3.402; 95% CI, 1.274 to 9.084; P=0.015). CONCLUSION: Early insufficient phosphorus intake confers a significantly higher risk with invasive ventilation at 2 weeks of age and moderate-to-severe BPD. Therefore, early sufficient phosphorus supply may improve respiratory outcomes in ELBWIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Hypophosphatemia , Incidence , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Odds Ratio , Parturition , Phosphorus , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Ventilation
7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1107-1115, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919140

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of a weekly schedule of docetaxel and cisplatin as a first-line treatment in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC).@*METHODS@#In this study, 18 patients with previously diagnosed R/M HNSCC were treated with combination chemotherapy of weekly docetaxel 35 mg/m² (day 1 and 8) and cisplatin 70 mg/m² (day 1) as first-line chemotherapy, repeated every 3 weeks.@*RESULTS@#Partial response and stable disease were observed in six patients (33.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 11.1% to 55.6%) and six patients (33.3%; 95% CI, 11.1% to 55.6%), respectively. The median overall survival and progression-free survival were 11.26 months (95% CI, 8.87 to 15.83) and 5.68 months (95% CI, 4.80 to 6.51), respectively. The major toxicity was grade 1/2 anemia (50%). Grade 3/4 neutropenia was observed in one patient (5.6%). Among the non-hematologic toxicities, grade 1/2 hepatotoxicity was most common (22.2%), and grade 3/4 infection was observed in one patient (5.6%). There was no treatment-related mortality.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with R/M HNSCC, a cisplatin and weekly docetaxel regimen showed high efficacy with tolerable toxicity as a first-line treatment.

8.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 40-45, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788045

ABSTRACT

Since sarcomatoid carcinoma in the common bile duct (CBD) is rarely reported, the clinical course and prognosis after surgery are unclear. We report a case of a patient who died within 1 month after surgery due to rapid tumor progression. A 65-year-old woman had abdominal pain with jaundice. She was diagnosed with CBD cancer and underwent pancreatoduodenectomy. Pathologic examination revealed sarcomatoid carcinoma. There was no postoperative complication, but multiple liver metastasis was diagnosed on computed tomography at 7 days after surgery. Also, the patient complained of abdominal pain and had jaundice with elevated liver enzyme on the 14th postoperative day. Her general condition was getting worse and she died of hepatic failure 23 days after surgery. We report a case of sarcomatoid carcinoma of the CBD that progressed very rapidly. Further research and case reports are needed to establish proper diagnostic and treatment tools.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Carcinosarcoma , Common Bile Duct , Jaundice , Liver , Liver Failure , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis
9.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 383-390, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Because of rarity, role of chemotherapy of bladder adenocarcinoma are still unidentified. Therefore, we performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical features and chemotherapy outcomes of bladder adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Eligible patients for this retrospective analysis were initially diagnosed with bladder adenocarcinoma and presented with a clinically no other primary site of origin. The collected data included age, gender, performance status, stage, hemoglobin, albumin, initial date of diagnosis, treatment modality utilized, response to treatment, presence of relapse, last status of patient, and last date of follow-up. RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed 29 patients, who were treated with chemotherapy for bladder adenocarcinoma at 10 Korean medical institutions from 2004 to 2014. The median age of patients was 58 years (range, 17 to 78) and 51.7% of the patients were female. Urachal adenocarcinoma was identified in 15 patients. Of 27 symptomatic patients, 22 experienced gross hematuria. Twelve patients were treated with 5-f luorouracil based chemotherapy, five were gemcitabine based, three were taxane and others. Thirteen of them achieved complete response (10.3%) or partial response (34.5%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients were 10.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.5 to 11.6) and 24.5 months (95% CI, 1.2 to 47.8), respectively. The cases of urachal adenocarcinoma exhibited worse tendency in PFS and OS (p = 0.024 and p = 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Even though bladder adenocarcinoma had been observed moderate effectiveness to chemotherapy, bladder adenocarcinoma is a highly aggressive form of bladder cancer. PFS and OS were short especially in urachal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecology , Hematuria , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
10.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 34-36, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100534

ABSTRACT

Cases of pediatric eosinophilic meningitis following duraplasty with a bovine graft have been reported. These patients recovered following the surgical removal of the dural graft or steroid therapy. Decompression for Chiari malformation is a common procedure in both pediatric and adult neurosurgery. We describe the case of a 33-yr-old male patient with eosinophilic meningitis following Chiari decompression via bovine graft duraplasty. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) study showed 49 red blood cells/μL and 129 leukocytes/μL with 17% eosinophils. There was no evidence of infectious disease. To our knowledge, this is the first report of adult eosinophilic meningitis after bovine graft duraplasty in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Arnold-Chiari Malformation , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Communicable Diseases , Decompression , Eosinophils , Korea , Meningitis , Neurosurgery , Transplants
11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 553-560, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72541

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While the Trastuzumab for Gastric Cancer (ToGA) trial demonstrated the efficacy and safety of trastuzumab-based chemotherapy in HER2-positive metastatic gastric cancer, the overall survival (OS) benefit was not found in Asian and diffuse-type cancer patients. The aim of the study is to investigate predictive markers for trastuzumab-based chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer treated with trastuzumab-based chemotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 168 Asian patients were included. The median age was 60 years (range, 27 to 85 years) and the male:female ratio was 118 (70.2%):50 (29.8%). Fourteen (8.3%), 63 (37.5%), 75 (44.6%), and 11 (6.5%) patients had well, moderately, poorly-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma and signet ring cell carcinoma, respectively. With 14 complete responses and 73 partial responses, the response rate was 50.6%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.7 to 11.7), and the median OS was 18.5 months (95% CI, 16.4 to 50.6). Next, we investigated the effect of poorly-differentiated histology (PDH, poorly-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma+signet ring cell carcinoma) on clinical outcomes. The median PFS (8.9 months vs. 11.5 months, p=0.16) was slightly inferior in PDH patients, and the median OS was significantly shorter in PDH patients (14.6 months vs. 19.0 months, p=0.025). CONCLUSION: While subset analysis of the ToGA trial demonstrated that trastuzumab-based chemotherapy may not be beneficial for Asians and patients with PDH, our data may suggest that even in Asian patients and patients with PDH, trastuzumab-based chemotherapy could be associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Asian People , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Ethnicity , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
12.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 291-299, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48343

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mutations in calreticulin (CALR) have been reported to be key markers in the molecular diagnosis of myeloid proliferative neoplasms. In most previous reports, CALR mutations were analyzed by using Sanger sequencing. Here, we report a new, rapid, and convenient system for screening CALR mutations without sequencing. METHODS: Eighty-three bone marrow samples were obtained from 81 patients with thrombocytosis. PCR primers were designed to detect wild-type CALR (product: 357 bp) and CALR with type 1 (product: 302 bp) and type 2 mutations (product: 272 bp) in one reaction. The results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing and compared with results from fragment analysis. RESULTS: The minimum detection limit of the screening PCR was 10 ng for type 1, 1 ng for type 2, and 0.1 ng for cases with both mutations. CALR type 1 and type 2 mutants were detected with screening PCR with a maximal analytical sensitivity of 3.2% and <0.8%, respectively. The screening PCR detected 94.1% (16/17) of mutation cases and showed concordant results with sequencing in the cases of type 1 and type 2 mutations. Sanger sequencing identified one novel mutation (c.1123_1132delinsTGC). Compared with sequencing, the screening PCR showed 94.1% sensitivity, 100.0% specificity, 100.0% positive predictive value, and 98.5% negative predictive value. Compared with fragment analysis, the screening PCR presented 88.9% sensitivity and 100.0% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: This screening PCR is a rapid, sensitive, and cost-effective method for the detection of major CALR mutations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Base Sequence , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Calreticulin/chemistry , DNA Mutational Analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Genotype , Janus Kinase 2/chemistry , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders/complications , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thrombocytosis/complications
14.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 60-63, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173767

ABSTRACT

The number of massive transfusions for pediatric patients has risen owing to the increasing number of complex surgeries and trauma centers. However, as there are only a few studies on pediatric massive transfusion, adult massive transfusion protocols are used for pediatric patients in many hospitals and institutions. Although massive transfusion protocols would improve the outcomes and reduce the received blood products during transfusion, pediatric patients differ from adults in the tolerability to transfusion, incidence of coagulopathy, and mechanisms of injuries. Therefore clinical physicians have requested for a pediatric massive transfusion protocol. Herein, we reviewed pediatric massive transfusion protocols that have been used in various clinical settings. To date, only a few single-center studies with a small number of pediatric patients have been performed. Even though these studies did not show improvement in outcomes such as mortality and side effects, they reported a short preparation time for fresh frozen plasma products and a low coagulopathy rate in pediatric massive transfusion groups. Therefore, large, prospective, multicenter studies are needed to identify the empiric ratio of blood products for improving outcomes of pediatric patients who need massive transfusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Incidence , Mortality , Plasma , Prospective Studies , Trauma Centers
15.
Blood Research ; : 133-137, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203293

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
16.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 420-426, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59854

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a well-established prognostic factor in heart failure (HF). However, numerous causes may lead to elevations in NT-proBNP, and thus, an increased NT-proBNP level alone is not sufficient to predict outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of two acute response markers, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), in patients with an increased NT-proBNP level. METHODS: The 278 patients were classified into three groups by etiology: 1) acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (n=62), 2) non-ACS cardiac disease (n=156), and 3) infectious disease (n=60). Survival was determined on day 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, 60, 90, 120, and 150 after enrollment. RESULTS: H-FABP (P<0.001), NT-proBNP (P=0.006), hsCRP (P<0.001) levels, and survival (P<0.001) were significantly different in the three disease groups. Patients were divided into three classes by using receiver operating characteristic curves for NT-proBNP, H-FABP, and hsCRP. Patients with elevated NT-proBNP (≥3,856 pg/mL) and H-FABP (≥8.8 ng/mL) levels were associated with higher hazard ratio for mortality (5.15 in NT-proBNP and 3.25 in H-FABP). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed H-FABP was a better predictor of 60-day mortality than NT-proBNP. CONCLUSIONS: The combined measurement of H-FABP with NT-proBNP provides a highly reliable means of short-term mortality prediction for patients hospitalized for ACS, non-ACS cardiac disease, or infectious disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Area Under Curve , Biomarkers/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Peptide Fragments/blood , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , ROC Curve
17.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 149-156, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20544

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron homeostasis, is associated with iron metabolism imbalance in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, serum hepcidin level in anemic patients with CKD presents a contradictory picture. We investigated the relationship between serum hepcidin-25 level and iron parameters in patients with CKD. METHODS: We defined and categorized patients with CKD according to the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines. We analyzed the relationship between serum hepcidin-25 level and iron parameters [serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), unbound iron-binding capacity (UIBC), transferrin saturation, and ferritin levels] according to the CKD stage and clinical and laboratory characteristics. RESULTS: Hb level, TIBC, and UIBC decreased and ferritin level increased (Ptrend0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Serum hepcidin-25 level was not found to be associated with iron parameters or clinical status of CKD patients in our study. Determination of hepcidin-25 levels may not provide more information than conventional iron parameters in monitoring iron metabolism in CKD patients. However, further studies are needed to establish the clinical utility of hepcidin measurement in CKD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Homeostasis , Iron , Kidney , Kidney Diseases , Metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Transferrin
18.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 54-59, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114282

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Di(a) antigen has been detected with a relatively higher incidence among Koreans with a frequency of 6.4 to 14.5%. In South Korea, commonly used unexpected antibody screening panels do not include Di(a) antigen positive cells. We screened patients who previously received multiple packed red cell transfusion using two cells without Di(a) antigen and three cells including Di(a) antigen to evaluate the effectiveness of three screening cells. METHODS: A total of 307 patients who had received packed red cell transfusion more than three times during the last 6 months in our hospital were enrolled. They were employed for unexpected antibody screening test using two sets of screening cells not including Di(a) antigen and three sets including Di(a) antigen by LISS/Coombs gel card. RESULTS: Among 307 patients, 12 were positive using two cells and 15 were positive using three cells. Three patients showed discordant result and one of them was positive for the cell including Di(a) antigen (0.33%). Antibody identification was performed using the panel which does not include Di(a) antigen and it was negative for all of the antigens listed on the panel so that the presence of anti-Di(a) was suspected. CONCLUSION: It can be difficult to use three cells including Di(a) antigen for all patients due to cost, however, use of three cells is recommended in patients with multiple transfusion history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening
19.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 29-36, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61453

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Automated assays have recently been developed for efficient serological testing of syphilis infection. Here, we evaluate the performance of new automated serological assays for syphilis infection. METHODS: The precision, linearity, and detection limit of the automated kits AutoLab rapid plasma reagin (RPR) (IVD-RPR) and AutoLab (Treponema pallidum Latex Agglutination) TPLA (IVD-TPLA) (IVDLab Co., Korea) were evaluated using an immunoturbidimetric method. In addition, the results of these tests were compared with those obtained using the HiSens Auto RPR LTIA (HBi-RPR) and HiSens Auto TP LTIA (HBi-TPLA) tests (HBi Co., Korea) with 122 serum samples. RESULTS: Both the IVD-RPR and IVD-TPLA kits showed acceptable precision for the positive controls (IVDLab Co., Korea). The within-run and total precision of IVD-RPR were better than those of HBi-RPR at cut-off levels (CV, 7.0% to 7.4% for IVD-RPR; CV, 33.3% to 40.0% for HBi-RPR). The IVD-RPR and IVD-TPLA kits demonstrated acceptable linearity and limits of detection. The agreement rate between IVD-RPR and HBi-RPR was 83.60% (102/122). Nineteen samples were IVD-RPR negative but HBi-RPR positive; 12 of these were from patients with a history of syphilis. The agreement rate between IVD-TPLA and HBi-TPLA was 96.72% (118/122). All discrepant results were IVD-TPLA positive and HBi-TPLA negative. CONCLUSIONS: IVD-RPR and IVD-TPLA exhibited acceptable precision, linearity, and limits of detection for the diagnosis of syphilis infection. IVD-RPR was suitable for monitoring syphilis infections with good precision that was near cut-off levels. IVD-TPLA was useful for detecting primary syphilis infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Agglutination , Diagnosis , Latex , Limit of Detection , Plasma , Serologic Tests , Syphilis , Treponema pallidum
20.
Blood Research ; : 242-247, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-40793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intraocular lymphoma (IOL) is a rare malignant lymphoma that most closely resembles a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and it is a subtype of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). IOL is located inside the eye in the retina, uvea, and/or optic nerve. We retrospectively analyzed IOL patient data to identify treatment patterns and survival rates in Korea. METHODS: Cytological confirmation for a diagnosis of IOL was performed for all patients. The clinical data collected from medical records included Ann Arbor stage, International Prognostic Index, performance status, date of diagnosis, treatment modality and response, date of relapse, and date of last follow-up. RESULTS: Twenty patients who were diagnosed with IOL, between December 2007 and June 2014 at multiple centers in Korea, were included in the analysis. Four patients were diagnosed with IOL alone, not involving the CNS. Two patients with isolated IOL later developed PCNSL. Nine patients developed CNS lesions before the onset of ocular lymphoma. Five patients had simultaneous onset in the eye and CNS. Twelve patients were treated by intravitreal injection of methotrexate for IOL. The median progression-free survival (PFS) for patients was 19.7 months (95% CI, 8.7-30.7 mo). The estimated 3-year overall survival (OS) for all patients was 75.1%. CONCLUSION: Treatment for IOL patients included radiotherapy and intraocular chemotherapy. IOL patients showed favorable PFS and OS. These patients would require long-term follow-up to identify relapse and adverse effects of radiotherapy or intraocular chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Intraocular Lymphoma , Intravitreal Injections , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Medical Records , Methotrexate , Optic Nerve , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retina , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Uvea
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