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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 643-650, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016629

ABSTRACT

Three carboline fluorescent probes F1-F3 were designed and synthesized, based on lead compound JYJ-19, an antifungal compound discovered previously by our group. The antifungal activity in vitro results showed that compound F1 had moderate antifungal activity (MIC80 = 32 μg·mL-1). The stokes shift of F1 is 70 nm. The fluorescent probe F1 has good optical properties and can be used for fluorescence imaging research. Subcellular localization experiments results showed that F1 was enriched in the mitochondria of fungal cells. The detection of intracellular reactive oxygen species levels shows that JYJ-19 enhances intracellular reactive oxygen species levels. The above results indicated that carboline compounds could exert antifungal effects by acting on fungal mitochondria.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 87-90, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016420

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics and current situation of pertussis in Hubei Province from 2016 to 2021. Methods Data on the incidence of pertussis and immunization history of cases in Hubei Province from 2016 to 2021 were collected and descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted. Results From 2016 to 2021, a total of 1 236 pertussis cases were reported in Hubei Province, with an average annual reported incidence rate of 0.35/100 000. The average annual reported incidence of pertussis in the age group ≤ 5 years old was 6.22/100 000, and the age group <1 year old reported the highest annual incidence rate (21.51/100 000). The proportion of pertussis among preschool children and students had increased significantly since 2020. Among the 1 111 cases with a known immunization history, 17.55% were under the age of vaccination , 41.85% were not vaccinated, and 17.46% had completed the whole course of vaccination. Conclusion Since 2016, the incidence of pertussis in Hubei Province has been on the rise. The risk of pertussis is higher in infants and young children who have not reached the age of vaccination and who have not been vaccinated in time according to the immunization program after reaching the age of vaccination. The timeliness and vaccination rate of DTP vaccine should be improved to reduce the risk of pertussis in infants and young children. In addition, more attention should be paid to the prevalence of pertussis among preschool children and students.

3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 25-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959040

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of second primary cancer (SPC) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database of the National Cancer Institute was used to extract data, and SEER*Stat program 8.4.0 was used to calculate the standardized incidence rate ratio (SIR) and absolute excess rate (AER). In addition, Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of different age, race, sex, chemotherapy, and radiation and other factors for secondary tumors by R 4.2.1, and Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the cumulative incidence. Results A total of 22 407 cases were included, and the person-years of follow-up were 142780.82. There was a total of 436 SPC cases, 32 of which developed multiple cancers. The median time of secondary cancers was 47.5 months. Patients with ALL had a higher risk of SPC than the general population (SIR=2.27; 95% , CI:2.07-2.50), and the most observed SPC was lymphatic and hematopoietic system, with an SIR of 6.96 (95% CI:5.94-8.11). The risk of SPC in ALL patients diagnosed in different time periods showed an upward trend, from 1.98 in 2000 to 2.38 in 2019. With the increase of age, the risk of SPC in ALL patients gradually decreased. Chemotherapy reduced the risk of SPC (HR=0.26; 95%CI: 0.19-0.36), while radiotherapy increased the risk of SPC by 59.60% (HR=1.57; 95% CI: 1.23-2.00). Conclusion In the future, chemotherapy is recommended for ALL patients to reduce radiation exposure during radiotherapy, and more attention should be paid to the health status of ALL patients within 1-5 years after their onset.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 396-401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998144

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) features complexity in etiological factors and high heterogeneity in clinical manifestations. OCD patients with different ages of onset vary in clinical symptoms and etiology. However, current studies on inpatients with early- and late-onset OCD are limited. ObjectiveTo explore the differences in clinical characteristics between early- and late-onset OCD inpatients as well as the factors affecting the onset age of OCD, so as to provide references for early screening and treatment of OCD patients. MethodsThis study was based on collected medical records of 540 patients with OCD who received inpatient treatments at the Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between March 2012 and March 2023. Patients with onset age above 18 were placed into early-onset group (n=310) and the others into late-onset group (n=230). Then differences in demographic data and clinical symptoms between two groups of patients were compared. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the factors that affect the onset age of OCD. ResultsObserving the demographic data, there were significant differences between the two groups in the results in gender, marital status, family history of mental illness, ratio of comorbidities with other mental illnesses, occupational composition, education level and types of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (χ2=22.302、170.556, 9.224, 13.624, 242.277, 59.791, 7.231, P<0.05 or 0.01). Also, the results in ages of onset and hospitalization between two groups were significantly different (Z=-19.915, 16.831, P<0.01). In terms of clinical symptoms, the early onset group had a higher proportion of symptoms including obsessive thinking (χ2=11.998, P<0.05), ordering (χ2=7.731, P<0.05) and rituals (χ2=7.714, P<0.05), while the proportion of obsessive checking (χ2=8.204, P<0.05) and washing (χ2=7.506, P<0.05) symptoms were relatively low. In terms of risk factors, there were several independent risk factors that influence the onset age of OCD inpatients, including comorbid neurodevelopmental disorder, comorbid affective disorder, family history of schizophrenia and family history of affective disorder (OR=19.587, 1.830, 3.065, 4.431, P<0.05). Among them, comorbid neurodevelopmental disorder was the core influencing factor, and female gender was a protective factor for early-onset patients (OR=0.417, P<0.01). ConclusionThere are differences in demographic data and clinical symptom characteristics between early- and late-onset OCD inpatients, and comorbid neurodevelopmental disorder plays as a core risk factor affecting the onset age of OCD inpatients. [Funded by Jiangsu Province Key Research and Development Plan for Social Development Special Project(number, BE2021616) ; Jiangsu Province Social Development General Project (number, BE2022678); Key Project of Nanjing Medical Science and Technology Development Fund (number, ZKX20029)]

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of serological indicators and evaluate the diagnostic value of a new established combined serological model on identifying the minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) in patients with compensated cirrhosis.Methods:This prospective multicenter study enrolled 263 compensated cirrhotic patients from 23 hospitals in 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China between October 2021 and August 2022. Clinical data and laboratory test results were collected, and the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was calculated. Ammonia level was corrected to the upper limit of normal (AMM-ULN) by the baseline blood ammonia measurements/upper limit of the normal reference value. MHE was diagnosed by combined abnormal number connection test-A and abnormal digit symbol test as suggested by Guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis. The patients were randomly divided (7∶3) into training set ( n=185) and validation set ( n=78) based on caret package of R language. Logistic regression was used to establish a combined model of MHE diagnosis. The diagnostic performance was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve. The internal verification was carried out by the Bootstrap method ( n=200). AUC comparisons were achieved using the Delong test. Results:In the training set, prevalence of MHE was 37.8% (70/185). There were statistically significant differences in AMM-ULN, albumin, platelet, alkaline phosphatase, international normalized ratio, MELD score and education between non-MHE group and MHE group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AMM-ULN [odds ratio ( OR)=1.78, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.05-3.14, P=0.038] and MELD score ( OR=1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.20, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for MHE, and the AUC for predicting MHE were 0.663, 0.625, respectively. Compared with the use of blood AMM-ULN and MELD score alone, the AUC of the combined model of AMM-ULN, MELD score and education exhibited better predictive performance in determining the presence of MHE was 0.755, the specificity and sensitivity was 85.2% and 55.7%, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve showed that the model had good calibration ( P=0.733). The AUC for internal validation of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.752. In the validation set, the AUC of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.794, and Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed good calibration ( P=0.841). Conclusion:Use of the combined model including AMM-ULN, MELD score and education could improve the predictive efficiency of MHE among patients with compensated cirrhosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 430-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether interleukin(IL)-1β is involved in pyroptosis which leads to mouse islet β cell line βTC-6 cell damage, and to explore the role of JNK inhibitor SP600125 in inhibiting IL-1β induced βTC-6 cell pyroptosis.Methods:βTC-6 cell line and mouse islets were incubated with IL-1β for 48 h or intervened with both JNK inhibitor SP600125 and IL-1R antagonist IL-1Ra, then GSDMD expression and β cell pyroptosis morphology were detected by immunofluorescence staining of GSDMD and DAPI. The expression levels of Gsdmd, IL-1β and IL-18 mRNAs were detected by real time fluorescence PCR, and apoptosis was examined by Annexin-V/7-AAD staining combined with flow cytometry.Results:βTC-6 cell pyroptotic body was significantly increased in the IL-1β treated group compared with the control group, and the expressions of pyroptosis related genes Gsdmd, IL-1β, and IL-18 mRNA were significantly higher( P<0.05), and apoptosis was increased, suggesting that IL-1β effectively induced the βTC-6 cell pyroptosis, IL-1Ra prevented IL-1β induced βTC-6 cell pyroptosis. In the presence of JNK inhibitor SP600125, IL-1β treatment failed to induce the expressions of Gsdmd and IL-18 mRNA, markers of pyroptosis, and reduced the rate of apoptosis, indicating that SP600125 suppressed IL-1β induced βTC-6 cell pyroptosis. Conclusion:Pyroptosis is one of the mechanisms of βTC-6 cell impairment caused by IL-1β, and SP600125, a JNK inhibitor, can block the IL-1β induced pyroptosis pathway and has a potential role in inhibiting βTC-6 cell pyroptosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 80-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993781

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics, endoscopic manifestations, pathology and treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland(GA-FD)to promote clinicians' understanding of this disease.Methods:The clinical data of 3 patients with GA-FD admitted to Beijing Hospital from May 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.Among them, 2 presented with abdominal distension or abdominal pain.The other case was diagnosed during follow-up endoscopy after gastrectomy for gastric cancer.A diagnosis of GA-FD was made based on the results of white light imaging, magnifying endoscopy, pathology and immunohistochemistry.In addition, we reviewed the literature about GA-FD between January 1990 and April 2021 from both national and international reports of 195 cases.We analyzed and summarized the endoscopic and pathological characteristics of the disease and insights on its diagnosis and treatment.Results:Of all 198 cases, patients had a male/female ratio of 1.6/1.0 and an average age of 65.3 years(range: 39-87 years).79.82%(91/114)of the patients were negative for Helicobacter pylori.Gastroscopy showed that the average diameter was 8.97 mm, and 89.9%(178/198)of the patients had lesions infiltrating into the submucosa.91.98%(149/162)of the patients had gastric chief cells as the predominant cell type, 98.86%(130/140)had no lymphovascular invasion, and 97.6%(162/166)had no recurrence or metastasis.Conclusions:GA-FD is a rare gastric cancer, with low-grade atypia and highly differentiated tissues.The mechanisms of GA-FD are not clear and the disease is more commonly seen in the elderly.There is no obvious correlation between Helicobacter pylori infections and GA-FD.Gastric chief cells make up the predominant cell type.The results of endoscopy, pathology and immunohistochemistry can help confirm the diagnosis.The prognosis of most cases is good.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 679-683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of echo-planar imaging correction (EPIC) for improving image quality of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of cervical cord.Methods:A total of 33 subjects (20 males, 13 females) were scanned on a 3.0 T MR scanner from January to March 2022, and the sequences included T 1WI, DWI and DTI (with and without corrections). Two observers delineated the regions of interest (ROIs) on the fused images of DWI and DTI with T 1WI before and after correction, and measured the average diffusion coefficient (ADC), fractional anisotropy (FA), and offset distance of ROIs between images with and without corrections. The subjective scores of image quality were also evaluated. The ICC or Kappa was used to test the consistency of the quantitative measurement and subjective scores by the two observers. The average values by the two observers would be used for subsequent analysis. The independent pair t-test and Wilcoxon test were used for comparison of objective measurements and Mann-Whitney U test was used for subjective image assessments between images with and without corrections. Results:The measurement data and the subjective scores of the two observers were in good agreement (ICC 0.912-0.999, Kappa 0.778-0.816). The independent sample t-test showed the subjective scores were significantly different for the DWI and DTI images between before and after geometry and/or ADC corrections. The ADC values of C6, the offset distances measured by DWI before and after correction of C4, C5, and C6 and subjective scores were significantly different ( P<0.05); The FA values of C1 and C3, ADC values of C1 and C3, offset distance of C4, C5 and C6 measured by DTI before and after correction and subjective scores were statistically significant ( P<0.001). Conclusion:EPI geometry correction and ADC value correction can significantly reduce geometric distortion, increase image quality, and thus improve the diagnosis accuracy of essential diseases.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 37-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the rapid evaluation of the early pathogen of severe Chlamydophila psittaci pneumonia by bedside diagnostic bronchoscopy, so as to start effective anti-infection treatment before the results of macrogenome next generation sequencing (mNGS) test. Methods:The clinical data of three patients with severe Chlamydophila psittaci pneumonia who were successfully treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, the First People's Hospital of Aksu District, and the First Division Hospital of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps from October 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including the rapid assessment of early pathogens by bedside diagnostic bronchoscopy and the use of antibiotics to start anti-infection treatment. These patients were successfully treated. Results:The three patients were male, aged 63, 45 and 58 years old, respectively. Before the onset of the penumonia, they had a clear medical history of bird exposure. The clinical manifestations mainly included fever, dry cough, shortness of breath and dyspnea. One case had abdominal pain and lethargy. The results of laboratory examination indicated that the peripheral blood white blood cell count (WBC) of two patients were high [(10.2-11.9)×10 9/L], the percentage of neutrophils increased (85.2%-94.6%) and the percentage of lymphocytes decreased (3.2%-7.7%) in all 3 patients after admission to hospital and entering into intensive care unit (ICU). The procalcitonin (PCT) of 3 patients increased after admission, and still increased when entering ICU (0.3-4.8 ng/L), so did C-reactive protein (CRP, 58.0-162.0 mg/L) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, 36.0-90.0 mm/1 h). After admission, serum alanine transaminase (ALT) increased in 2 cases (136.7 U/L, 220.5 U/L), so did aspartate transaminase (AST) in 2 cases (249.6 U/L, 164.2 U/L). ALT (162.2-267.9 U/L) and AST (189.8-223.2 U/L) increased in 3 patients when they entered ICU. The level of serum creatinine (SCr) of 3 patients were normal after admission and entering ICU. The chest computed tomography (CT) findings of 3 patients were acute interstitial pneumonia, bronchopneumonia and lung consolidation, of which 2 cases were accompanied by a small amount of pleural effusion, and 1 case was accompanied by more regular small air sacs. Multiple lung lobes were involved, but mainly one lung lobe. The oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) of the 3 patients admitting to ICU were 100.0, 57.5 and 105.4 mmHg (1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa), respectively, which met with the diagnostic criteria of moderate and severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). All three patients received endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Under the bedside bronchoscope, the bronchial mucosa of 3 patients were obviously congested and edematous, without purulent secretion, and there was 1 case with mucosal hemorrhage. Three patients underwent bedside diagnostic bronchoscopy, and the evaluation result of the pathogen was that it might be atypical pathogen infection, so they were given moxifloxacin, cisromet and doxycycline intravenously, respectively, and combined with carbapenem antibiotics intravenously. After 3 days, the detection results of mNGS in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) showed that only Chlamydia psittaci was infected. At this time, the condition was significantly improved, and PaO 2/FiO 2 was significantly increased. Therefore, the antibiotic treatment scheme remained unchanged, and mNGS only served to verify the initial diagnosis. Two patients were extubated on the 7th and 12th day of admission to the ICU, respectively, while one patient was extubated on the 16th day of admission to the ICU due to nosocomial infection. All 3 patients were transferred to the respiratory ward after the condition was stable. Conclusion:The bedside diagnostic bronchoscopy based on clinical characteristics is conducive to not only the rapid assessment of the early pathogens of severe Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia, but also effective anti-infection treatment before the returning of mNGS test results, which can make up for the lag and uncertainty of the mNGS test results.

10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 154-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical prognosis of stage Ⅰ breast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy by using Meta-analysis.Methods:Wanfang Resource Database, Chinese Journal Full-Text Database, VIP Information Resource System, Chinese Scientific and Technological Journal Database, Cochrane Library, EMbase, PubMed were searched by computer. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to August 25, 2021. To collect clinical control test group (CCT) and randomized controlled trial(RCT) on breast reconstruction after radical mastectomy. The researchers independently searched the inclusion and exclusion criteria, screened and sorted them, evaluated them, extracted relevant data, and performed Meta-analysis with Rev man 5.3 software.Results:Twelve research were enrolled in this study.the Meta-analysis results showed that there were no significant differences in the local recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate, 3-year tumor free survival rate and complications between the patients performed stage Ⅰ breast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy and the patients only performed modified radical mastectomy ( OR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.50 - 1.68, P = 0.77; OR = 0.66, 95% CI 0.42 - 1.06, P = 0.09; OR = 1.22, 95% CI 0.77 - 1.93, P = 0.40; OR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.58 - 1.41, P = 0.66). The quality of life score in the patients performed stage Ⅰ breast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy was higher than that in the patients only performed modified radical mastectomy ( MD = 9.79, 95% CI 8.82 - 10.76, P<0.001). Conclusions:StageⅠbreast reconstruction after modified radical mastectomy can reduce the pressure of patients due to physical defects, help patients build up confidence and improve their quality of life.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of accelerated epithelium-off corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in the treatment of corneal ectasia after keratorefractive surgery.Methods:An observational case series study was performed.Twelve patients (22 eyes) diagnosed with corneal ectasia after keratorefractive surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University were enrolled from January 2016 to December 2018.All the patients received accelerated epithelium-off CXL and were followed up for 12 months.Before and 1 week, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the operation, the uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) converted to the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) unit were measured.The sphericity, cylindricity, and spherical equivalent were examined by Topcon auto refractor.The maximum keratometry (Kmax) of the front surface, mean keratometry (Km) of the front surface, Km of the back surface, symmetry index of front surface (SIf), symmetry index of back surface (SIb), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), total aberrations, total high-order aberrations, coma aberration, trefoil aberration and spherical aberration were detected by the Sirius analyzer.The depth of corneal demarcation lines was determined by optical coherence tomography.The intraocular pressure was measured by the non-contact tonometry.The corneal endothelial cell density was assayed by the endothelial cell densitometry.The inflammatory reaction and haze were observed with a slit lamp at different time points after surgery.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (No.KY2020063). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before entering the cohort.Results:Among the 22 eyes of 12 cases, 3 eyes of 2 cases (13.64%) underwent small incision lenticule extraction, and 19 eyes of 10 cases (86.36%) underwent excimer laser in situ keratomileusis.The UCVA (LogMAR), BCVA (LogMAR), cylindricity and spherical equivalent before the operation were 0.61±0.42, 0.24±0.23, (-2.83±2.39)D, (-3.60±2.66)D, which were significantly worse than 0.45±0.31, 0.12±0.15, (-2.11±1.67)D, (-3.12±2.31)D at 12 months after the operation ( t=4.054, 4.956, -3.728, -2.742; all at P<0.05). The front surface Kmax, front surface Km and SIf at 12 months after the operation were (48.37±5.80), (41.49±3.04), (5.36±4.07)D, which were significantly lower than (49.61±5.97), (41.66±2.97), (5.85±4.18)D before the operation ( t=5.949, 2.278, 2.719; all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in sphericity, Km of the back surface, SIb, TCT, total aberrations, total high-order aberrations, coma aberration, trefoil aberration, spherical aberration, intraocular pressure and endothelial cell density between before and 12 months after the operation (all at P>0.05). Grade 0.5-2 haze occurred in 8 eyes of 4 patients one month postoperatively.After administration of prednisolone acetate eye drops, haze decreased or disappeared 3 months postoperatively, with UCVA and BCVA unchanged.A corneal demarcation line with a depth of (285.40±51.61)μm was found in 11 eyes of 6 cases at 1 month after operation. Conclusions:Accelerated epithelium-off CXL can significantly improve visual acuity, reduce corneal astigmatism and corneal curvature, as well as effectively prevent the progress of corneal ectasia.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 608-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990089

ABSTRACT

The clinical characteristics and gene mutation profiles of a child who was treated in Xuzhou Children′s Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University in June 2022 due to developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) combined with dyskinesia caused by the FRRS1L gene mutation was analyzed retrospectively.A male case 1 year and 9 months old presented developmental delay since childhood, hypotonia at the age of 6 months, treatment-resistant seizures (focal clonic seizures) at the age of 1 year and 7 months that were unable to be controlled by antiepileptic drugs, and developmental regression and abnormal movements of the hands and feet during the attack.Whole exome sequencing showed 2 heterozygous variants (missense mutation and deletion mutation) in the FRRS1L gene of the child.The missense mutation c. 754C>T (p.R252C) located in the 4 th exon was inherited from his mother, and the deletion mutation c. 438_c.459del (p.I146fs*4) located in the 2 th exon was inherited from his father, thus constituting a compound heterozygous mutation.Through literature review, all 6 relevant literatures involving 31 children with DEE were published in foreign countries.They presented similar clinical manifestations to this case, but the genotypes were different, all of which were homozygous mutations.The FRRS1L gene mutation can lead to DEE, which is characterized by the autosomal recessive inheritance pattern, refractory epilepsy onset in infancy, developmental regression and prominent dyskinetic movements with hyperkinesia, and poor long-term prognosis.

13.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 554-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of vitamin D receptor(VDR)in biliary epithelial cells of children with biliary atresia(BA)and explore the correlation between VDR epression levels and clinical pathological prognosis.Methods:A total of 48 BA patients who underwent Kasai surgery in the Pediatric Surgery Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2017 to December 2020 with confirmed pathological results were selected as the study subjects.Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of VDR in biliary epithelial cells, and Masson staining was used to determine the degree of liver tissue fibrosis.Based on the VDR expression levels, the 48 BA patients were divided into the significantly low VDR expression group(30 cases)and the normal/high expression group(18 cases).Laboratory testing results within 1 week before Kasai surgery and liver shear wave elastography(SWE)data were collected for all patients.Follow-up was conducted for a period of 0 to 60 months after Kasai surgery or liver transplantation, meanwhile, the occurrence of refractory cholangitis and auto-liver survival time were collected.Results:There was a negative correlation between the degree of liver fibrosis and SWE value in children with BA( r=-0.805, P<0.01).In comparison between the two groups, the significantly low VDR expression group had higher SWE values[(20.57±1.28)kPa vs.(18.02±1.41)kPa, P<0.05], higher liver injury biochemical indicators[ALT(215.8±24.7)U/L vs.(182.6±21.2)U/L, P=0.021; AST(165.4±22.3)U/L vs.(139.6±21.4)U/L, P=0.014], a higher frequency of post-Kasai surgery refractory cholangitis(60.00% vs.22.22%, P=0.037), and a shorter median autologous liver survival time(27.00 months vs.36.00 months, P=0.032)than those in the normal/high expression group. Conclusion:The significant decrease in VDR expression in biliary epithelial cells may serve as an indicator of poor prognosis in BA.

14.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 150-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961842

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo further study the pathogenic role of different types of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) proteins in tubal factor infertility, evaluate the clinical detection value of Chlamydia trachomatis protein antibody in predicting tubal factor infertility. MethodsA total of 58 cases of tubal factor infertility (TFI), 41 cases of fertile controls (FC) and 18 cases of infertile controls (IFC) were included. For serum detection, first, CT-IgG ELISA kit was used to detect the expression of CT-IgG in serum of three groups of people; then, 6 kinds of Chlamydia trachomatis proteins were expressed and purified in the early stage to establish the antibody test for these proteins, and ELISA detection method was used to detect the expression of their antibodies in the serum of TFI group, FC group and IFC group, respectively; and finally, the antibody OD value of the 6 kinds of Chlamydia trachomatis proteins in the three groups of subjects were statistically described, and CT-IgG was used as the reference standard to draw the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) of each CT antibody. The Youden Index determines the cutoff value for each antibody. Taking TFI as the reference class, two disordered multiple classification logistic regression models were established with the FC and IFC groups, respectively; and the reference class was used to explore the value of various antibodies and age in predicting TFI, FC and IFC of Chlamydia trachomatis. The back-off method was used to screen the variables. ResultsThe OD value of CT376 antibody in the TFI group was higher than that in the FC group (0.86 vs. 0.60, P=0.026). The CT376 antibody OD value in the TFI group was higher than that in the IFC group (0.86 vs. 0.64, P=0.026). The CT443 antibody OD value in the IFC group was higher than that in the TFI group (0.59 vs. 0.34, P=0.036) and higher than that in the FC group (0.59 vs. 0.30, P=0.02). The multiple classification logistic regression analysis established between TFI and FC showed that CT-IgG [P<0.001, OR=0.084, 95%CI (0.025, 0.284)], CT376 antibody [P=0.068, OR=0.359, 95%CI (0.120, 1.078)]. CT-IgG is an independent risk factor for tubal infertility, and CT376 antibody cannot be an independent risk factor for tubal infertility. The multiple classification logistic regression analysis established between TFI and IFC showed that among infertile patients, CT-IgG [P<0.05, OR=0.194, 95%CI (0.046, 0.817)], CT376 antibody [P<0.05, OR=0.176, 95%CI (0.038, 0.818)] and CT381 antibody [P<0.05, OR=0.112, 95%CI ( 0.016, 0.796)] were independent risk factors for tubal infertility. ConclusionThe expression of CT376 antibody in tubal infertility patients is higher than that in fertile and infertile controls, suggesting that CT-induced tubal factor infertility may be related to CT376. CT-IgG, and CT376 antibodies are meaningful in predicting CT-induced tubal factor infertility.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2017-2027, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007524

ABSTRACT

In the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery, the loss of organs or tissues caused by diseases or injuries has resulted in challenges, such as donor shortage and immunosuppression. In recent years, with the development of regenerative medicine, the decellularization-recellularization strategy seems to be a promising and attractive method to resolve these difficulties. The decellularized extracellular matrix contains no cells and genetic materials, while retaining the complex ultrastructure, and it can be used as a scaffold for cell seeding and subsequent transplantation, thereby promoting the regeneration of diseased or damaged tissues and organs. This review provided an overview of decellularization-recellularization technique, and mainly concentrated on the application of decellularization-recellularization technique in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery, including the remodeling of skin, nose, ears, face, and limbs. Finally, we proposed the challenges in and the direction of future development of decellularization-recellularization technique in plastic surgery.


Subject(s)
Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Surgery, Plastic , Regenerative Medicine/methods , Extracellular Matrix
16.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 823-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005810

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Escherichia coli phage (ECP) and Staphylococcus aureus phage (SAP) isolated from sewage were used as research objects, and their biological characteristics were analyzed to provide new experimental materials for the application of phages. 【Methods】 ECP and SAP were purified and cultured by double-layer agar method. Then a series of biological characteristics of these two phages were preliminarily analyzed by electron microscope observation, optimal multiplicity of infection (MOI) test, one-step growth curve test, temperature, pH, chloroform and ultraviolet sensitivity tests, respectively. 【Results】 The results of biological characteristics showed that ECP and SAP were both virulent phages, belonging to myoviridac family. Their optimal MOI was 10-1, and they had strong resistance to ultraviolet light. The cleavage volume of ECP was 76.3 PFU/cell, while that of SAP was 8.3 PFU/cell. ECP had a wide range of temperature tolerance and could stably survive at 30-50 ℃, while SAP was more sensitive to temperature and could be completely inactivated at 50 ℃ for 1 h. ECP could maintain a good lysis activity in the range of pH 5-11, while SAP in the range of pH 6-9. ECP had strong resistance to chloroform and was non-membranous phage, while SAP was more sensitive to chloroform and was a membranous phage. 【Conclusion】 ECP and SAP are both virulent phages and have strong resistance to ultraviolet light. The lysability, temperature, pH, and chloroform tolerance of ECP are stronger than those of SAP.

17.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 263-265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005137

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To determine the volume range of suspended erythrocyte and establish its internal control standard. 【Methods】 The theoretical value of suspended erythrocyte volume was calculated according to the screening criteria of healthy blood donors and Quality Requirements for Whole Blood and Blood Components. A total of 2 410 bags of 1 U and 2 U suspended erythrocyte were randomly selected and weighed, and the volume range were formulated by ±2S and ±10% respectively and then compared to determine the volume range in line with the actual situation of our center. 【Results】 The theoretical volume range of 1 U and 2 U suspended erythrocyte were 117-160 mL vs 234-320 mL, and the actual volume range were 142-180 mL vs 276-393 mL. The volume range of 1 U and 2 U suspended erythrocyte formulated by ±2S were 145-181 mL vs 298-358 mL, and by ±10% were 147-179 mL vs 295-361 mL. The hematocrit and hemoglobin content of suspended erythrocyte within the actual volume range met the quality requirements. There were fluctuations in the volume of suspended erythrocyte from different regions. 【Conclusion】 Based on the actual situation of our center and the sampling results of suspended erythrocytes in recent two years, 163 mL±10% and 328 mL±10% were determined as the internal control standards of 1 U and 2 U suspended erythrocyte, respectively. Blood centers should establish accurate and feasible standard of suspended erythrocyte according to the actual situation.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2995-2999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effects and potential mechanism of anaphylactoid reaction induced by nonapeptide IVQKIKHCF activating mast cells. METHODS Using human mast cell line LAD2 as subject, and substance P as positive control, the activation effects of 25, 50 and 100 μmol/L IVQKIKHCF on mast cells were investigated by determining the release rate of β-aminohexosidase, histamine release, and the contents of inflammatory factors; using MrgprX2-knockdown LAD2 cells and Mas- related G protein-coupled receptor X2 (MRGPRX2) high-expression human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293 (MRGPRX2/ HEK293 cells) as subject, the correlation between the activation effect of IVQKIKHCF and MRGPRX2 was investigated by determining the release rate of β-aminohexosidase, and intracellular calcium ion concentration. RESULTS IVQKIKHCF with 25, 50, 100 μmol/L could significantly increase the release rate of β-aminohexosidase and histamine release in LAD2 cells (P<0.05), and promote the release of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-8, macrophage inflammatory protein-1β and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 to varying degrees (P<0.05). After knocking down MrgprX2, the effects of 25, 50, 100 μmol/L IVQKIKHCF promoting the release of β-aminohexosidase in LAD2 cells were reversed significantly (P<0.05), resulting in an increase of calcium ion concentration in MRGPRX2/HEK293 cells. CONCLUSIONS Nonapeptide IVQKIKHCF can promote mast cells to release granular matter and inflammatory mediators by activating MRGPRX2 thus inducing anaphylactoid reaction.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3116-3122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999055

ABSTRACT

The polymorphism and thermostability of nirmatrelvir, the main antiviral component of the oral COVID-19 treatment drug, were studied. Four polymorphs of nirmatrelvir were prepared by recrystallization methods. Among them, Form 1 and nirmatrelvir methyl tert-butyl ether solvate (Form 2) had been reported in the literature, while nirmatrelvir isobutyl acetate solvate (NMTW-IBAC) and nirmatrelvir ethyl acetate solvate (NMTW-EA) are two new solvates. The crystal structures were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. The thermostability of polymorphism and crystalline transformation were also investigated by combining Hirshfeld surface analysis and interaction energy analysis. The results showed that nirmatrelvir Form 1 belongs orthorhombic crystal system with the space group P212121 and one nirmatrelvir molecule included in the asymmetric unit, which has the same crystal structure as nirmatrelvir Form 4 reported in the literature. Owing to its larger thermal expansion, the differences in crystallographic parameters obtained at different temperatures were found between Form 1 and Form 4. Three solvates of nirmatrelvir belonged to the iso-structural with monoclinic crystal system and the space group P21, in which the asymmetric unit contains one nirmatrelvir molecule and one solvent molecule. The thermal analysis results showed that nirmatrelvir Form 1 was a solvent-free crystal form with the best thermal stability and the strongest intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Among the three solvates, NMTW-EA has the worst thermal stability and the weakest hydrogen bonding interaction between the nirmatrelvir molecule and the solvent molecule. The energy framework of nirmatrelvir solvates showed that the closer the arrangement between solvent and nirmatrelvir molecules, the greater the total interaction energy between solvent and nirmatrelvir molecules. The phase transition studies of the three solvates showed that NMTW-IBAC and NMTW-EA were transformed into amorphous after desolvation, respectively, while Form 2 undergoes oiling during desolvation. The research provides theoretical guidance for the analysis, identification and quality control of nirmatrelvir polymorphs.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2700-2706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999029

ABSTRACT

Attenuated Salmonella typhimurium VNP20009 is a widely used natural oncolytic bacterium, which has great application potential given its unique characteristics, including clinical safety, tumor targeting specificity, and explicit genome sequence. Here, we show that tumor progression can be effectively reduced by intraperitoneal administration with VNP20009 in a mouse model of melanoma (all animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University); co-culture experiment in vitro demonstrated that VNP20009 can induce the polarization of macrophage M1, accompanied by expression of inflammation-related factors; flow cytometry analysis showed that VNP20009 induced the increase of immune cell infiltration in tumor. Further analysis showed that T cells infiltration in tumor-draining lymph node (TDLN) increased, and VNP20009 induced the activation of CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells in tumor. Our results demonstrate that VNP20009 treatment significantly inhibited melanoma tumors by remodeling tumor-associated macrophages to an M1-like phenotype, as well as recruiting and activating cytotoxic T cells, combined with its own antigenic activity to exert anti-tumor immunity.

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