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1.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 770-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008898

ABSTRACT

This research aims to investigate the encapsulation and controlled release effect of the newly developed self-assembling peptide R-LIFE-1 on exosomes. The gelling ability and morphological structure of the chiral self-assembling peptide (CSAP) hydrogel were examined using advanced imaging techniques, including atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and cryo-scanning electron microscopy. The biocompatibility of the CSAP hydrogel was assessed through optical microscopy and fluorescent staining. Exosomes were isolated via ultrafiltration, and their quality was evaluated using Western blot analysis, nanoparticle tracking analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. The controlled release effect of the CSAP hydrogel on exosomes was quantitatively analyzed using laser confocal microscopy and a BCA assay kit. The results revealed that the self-assembling peptide R-LIFE-1 exhibited spontaneous assembly in the presence of various ions, leading to the formation of nanofibers. These nanofibers were cross-linked, giving rise to a robust nanofiber network structure, which further underwent cross-linking to generate a laminated membrane structure. The nanofibers possessed a large surface area, allowing them to encapsulate a substantial number of water molecules, thereby forming a hydrogel material with high water content. This hydrogel served as a stable spatial scaffold and loading matrix for the three-dimensional culture of cells, as well as the encapsulation and controlled release of exosomes. Importantly, R-LIFE-1 demonstrated excellent biocompatibility, preserving the growth of cells and the biological activity of exosomes. It rapidly formed a three-dimensional network scaffold, enabling the stable loading of cells and exosomes, while exhibiting favorable biocompatibility and reduced cytotoxicity. In conclusion, the findings of this study support the notion that R-LIFE-1 holds significant promise as an ideal tissue engineering material for tissue repair applications.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Delayed-Action Preparations , Hydrogels , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Peptides
2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 838-846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997817

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore heterogeneous subtypes of psychological and behavioral adaptation characteristics of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation and the characteristics differences of different types of children after liver transplantation. Methods Seven hundred and forty-one children who underwent living-related liver transplantation were enrolled. The self-designed general information questionnaire, Chinese version of 5-Item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5) and the parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were filled out by their guardians. The scores of five dimensions of SDQ were used as the manifest variables of the model. The classification model of psychological and behavioral adaptation characteristics of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation was constructed by latent profile analysis. The latent categories of psychological and behavioral adaptation characteristics of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation were analyzed. The influencing factors of latent categories were analyzed by univariate analysis and logistic regression model. Results There were three latent categories of psychological and behavioral adaptation characteristics of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation, including peer communication problem group (n=302), psychological and behavioral adaptation group (n=145) and psychological and behavioral adjustment difficulty group (n=294). The first two groups were merged into the psychological and behavioral health group (n=447), which had significant differences in the five dimensions and the total score of difficulties of SDQ compared with the psychological and behavioral adjustment difficulty group (n=294) (all P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that age≤5 years old, primary disease of non-cholestatic liver disease, stem family were the risk factors for psychological and behavioral adjustment difficulties in pediatric recipients after liver transplantation. Female gender, high education levels of parents and high WHO-5 score of guardians were the protective factors for psychological and behavioral adjustment difficulties in pediatric recipients after liver transplantation (all P<0.05). Conclusions The psychological and behavioral adaptation characteristics of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation are heterogeneous. Medical staff should pay extensive attention to different characteristics of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation with different psychological and behavioral adaptation categories and adopt targeted screening and intervention strategies, aiming to improve psychological and behavioral adaptation outcomes of pediatric recipients after liver transplantation.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 505-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of peripheral blood lymphocytes in patients with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) of the cervix and early cervical cancer, and to analyze their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of cervical cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 65 patients with HSIL and 78 patients with early cervical cancer (2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage ≤ stage Ⅱ A) treated in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital from October 2020 to November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and 31 healthy people undergoing physical examination during the same period were treated as the healthy control group. The expressions of CD3 + T cells, CD4 + T cells, CD8 + T cells, NK cells, NK/T cells and other immune cells in fasting peripheral blood of the patients were detected by using flow cytometry. Results:The expression levels of CD3 + T cells, CD4 + T cells, CD4 +/CD8 + and NK cells were 71±8, 39±7, 1.5±0.5, 16±7, respectively in HSIL group, and 73±9, 41±9, 1.5±0.6, 16±9, respectively in early cervical cancer group, which were lower than those in the healthy control group (76±9, 45±10, 2.0±1.3, 20±7) (all P < 0.05). The expression levels of CD8 + T cells was 28±7, 29±8, respectively in HSIL group and early cervical cancer group, which were higher than those in the healthy control group (24±7) (all P < 0.05). The expression level of total B cells in early cervical cancer group was lower than that in healthy control group (10±4 vs.12±3, P < 0.05). The expression level of CD3 + T cells in peripheral blood of early cervical cancer patients with tumor diameter >4 cm and nerve/vascular invasion was 71±10 and 72±8, which was lower than that of patients with tumor diameter 2-4 cm, ≤2 cm and without nerve/vascular invasion (72±8, 75±8, 78±7); the expression level of CD8 + T cell was 32±8 and 35±4, which was higher than that of patients with tumor diameter 2-4 cm, ≤2 cm, and without nerve/vascular invasion (28±8, 28±7, 29±8) (all P < 0.05). The levels of CD3 + T cells and total B cells were negatively correlated with the tumor diameter (all P < 0.05), while the level of CD8 + T cells was positively correlated with tumor diameter ( P < 0.05); the levels of CD3 + T cells and NK cells were negatively correlated with nerve/vascular invasion (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The immune function of the body starts to change in the early progression of cervical cancer, and is related to the tumor diameter and nerve/vascular invasion of cervical cancer.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 684-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the ferroptosis triggered by in different pathways during cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced liver injury in septic mice, and to investigate whether mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) can alleviate sepsis-induced liver injury by inhibiting ferroptosis.@*METHODS@#Sixty 8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into sham operation group (Sham group), CLP group, ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostain-1 (Fer-1) group, ALDH2-specific agonist Alda-1 group, iron chelator deferasirox Fe3+ chelate (DXZ) group and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group, with 10 mice in each group. The septic liver injury was induced by CLP in mice model. In the Sham group, only laparotomy was performed without ligation and puncture of the cecum. 10 mL/kg 5% DMSO, 5 mg/kg Fer-1, 50 mg/kg DXZ and 10 mg/kg Alda-1 were injected intraperitoneally 1 hour before CLP in the DMSO, Fer-1, DXZ and Alda-1 groups respectively. At 24 hours after operation, eyeball blood and liver tissue were collected from anesthetized mice. The hepatic structure and inflammatory infiltration were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum, the levels of hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of ALDH2, ferroptosis-related proteins glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1) and transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1) in liver tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Sham group, the mice in CLP group showed varying degrees of congestion, disorganized hepatocyte arrangement, inflammatory cell infiltration at 24 hours after operation. Compared with the CLP group, the mice in the Fer-1 group, DXZ group and Alda-1 group liver morphology, liver injury and inflammatory cell infiltration was improved. Compared with Sham group, the serum levels of ALT and AST, the contents of MDA and ROS, and the expression of TFR1 protein in CLP group were significantly increased, while the activity of SOD and the expressions of ALDH2, GPX4 and FSP1 protein in CLP group were significantly decreased. Compared with CLP group, serum ALT and AST levels in Fer-1, DXZ and Alda-1 groups were significantly decreased [ALT (U/L): 45.76±10.81, 37.30±2.98, 36.40±12.75 vs. 73.06±12.20, AST (U/L): 61.57±2.69, 52.41±6.92, 56.05±8.29 vs. 81.59±5.46, all P < 0.05], and the contents of MDA, ROS and TFR1 protein expression in liver tissue were significantly decreased [MDA (μmol/L): 0.60±0.10, 0.57±0.18, 0.83±0.39 vs. 1.61±0.30, ROS (fluorescence intensity): 270.34±9.64, 276.02±62.33, 262.05±18.55 vs. 455.38±36.07, TFR1/GAPDH: 0.90±0.04, 1.01±0.09, 0.55±0.08 vs. 1.18±0.06, all P < 0.05], and the SOD activity and ALDH2, GPX4 and FSP1 protein expressions in liver tissue were significantly increased [SOD (kU/g): 88.77±8.20, 88.37±4.47, 93.43±7.24 vs. 50.27±3.57, ALDH2/GAPDH: 1.10±0.15, 1.02±0.07, 1.14±0.07 vs. 0.70±0.04, GPX4/GAPDH: 1.02±0.12, 0.99±0.08, 1.05±0.19 vs. 0.71±0.10, FSP1/GAPDH: 1.06±0.24, 1.02±0.08, 0.93±0.09 vs. 0.66±0.03, all P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in the parameters between DMSO group and CLP group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both GPX4 and FSP1 mediated ferroptosis are involved in liver injury in septic mice. Activation of ALDH2 and inhibition of ferroptosis can alleviatehepatic injury. ALDH2 may play a protective role by regulating FSP1 and GPX4 mediated ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial , Ferroptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sepsis , Disease Models, Animal
5.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 117-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015261

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of microtubule binding protein STOP on myelin formation of oligodendrocyte in BTBR mice spectrum disorder in vitro, a highly purified primary culture method of oligodendrocyte precursor cells from cerebral cortex of BTBR mice was established. Establishment of a highly efficient transfection method for overexpression of STOP gene in oligodendrocyte precursor cells of BTBR mice cerebral cortex using lentiviral vector. Methods BTBR mice were used as experimental objects, 6-10 suckling mice were taken each time, repeat 3 times independently. The single cell suspension was prepared by trypsin digestion, and the primary oligodendrocyte precursor cells were obtained by immunomagnetic bead cell sorting method . After 5 days of culture, the cell purity was identified by oligodendrocyte precursor cell marker staining. The primary cultured oligodendrocyte precursor cells were transfected with STOP gene vector constructed in the early stage of the project group. 72-96 hours after transfection, the fluorescence staining of oligodendrocyte precursor cells was observed under fluorescence microscope, and the transfection rate and cell survival rate were calculated. Results The oligodendrocyte precursor cells of BTBR mice extracted by immunomagnetic beads sorting method basically adhered to the wall completely after 48 hours, and the cells had strong ability of proliferation. On the fifth da)' of culture, the purity of the cells was more than 95% identified by immunofluorescence. A lentivirus transfection method for primary oligodendrocyte precursor cells of BTBR mice with high transfection efficiency was established. The fluorescence expression of the cells was obvious after being photographed by high connotation microscope, the lentivirus transfection rate of oligodendrocyte precursor cells was increased to 60%-70%. Conclusion The primaiy oligodendrocyte precursor cells of BTBR mouse cerebral cortex with high purity were successfull)' isolated and cultured. A method for lentivirus infection of primaiy oligodendrocyte precursor cells in the cerebral cortex of BTBR mice is successfully established.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 715-719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973972

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the associations of family structure with adolescent mental health and health associated behaviors, to support interventions to decrease the occurrence of psychological problems and adverse health associated behaviors among adolescents in families without two parents.@*Methods@#The multi stage stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select 18 700 adolescents of the 13 districts and cities from Jiangsu Province for a questionnaire survey on mental health and health associated behaviors, to compare differences in mental health and health associated behaviors among adolescents with different family structures.@*Results@#Among the adolescents, 82.1% had two parent families, 8.6% had single mother families, 4.0% had single father families, and 5.3 % had families with both parents absent. After controlling for age, urban/rural areas, gender, academic period and region, Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that compared with adolescents from two parent families, the incidence of depression, social anxiety and bullying on campus of adolescents with single mother families increased significantly( OR=1.31, 1.15, 1.36,P <0.05). Compared with adolescents in two parent families, adolescents in families without two parents had significantly more types of health risk behaviors, and those in single mother families had significantly less frequent intake of a healthful diet( OR =0.81), significantly more smoking( OR =1.20), drinking behaviors( OR =1.22), and significantly less moderate intensity physical activity ( OR =0.84) and shorter duration of sleep( OR =0.87)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Psychological and health associated problems were significantly higher among adolescents in families without two parents than in those with two parent families. Psychological problems and adverse health associated behaviors were particularly prominent among adolescents in single mother families.

7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 125-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969854

ABSTRACT

It has attracted much attention worldwide that the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in primary screening and clinical diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases. In recent years, this technology has also been widely used in various grass-roots eye disease management, effectively improving the current situation of weak eye disease diagnosis ability and shortage of human resources in primary medical institutions. At present, there is no reference standard or guideline for the management mode, implementation content and management method of vision health management based on this technology, which are in urgent need of standardization. The article described the work mode exploration of AI-assisted grass-roots visual health management in Shanghai and shared practical experience. The aim is to provide reference for other provinces in China to carry out relevant work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , China , Reference Standards , Workforce
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 383-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of therapy-related hematological neoplasms patients secondary to malignant solid tumors.@*METHODS@#The clinical features, treatment and prognosis of 36 hematological neoplasms patients secondary to malignant solid tumors with radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 36 patients with therapy-related hematological neoplasms had a median age of 60 (47-81) years, 14 were male and 22 were female. Among them, 22 cases were acute myeloid leukemia, 5 cases were acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 4 cases were multiple myeloma, 3 cases were myelodysplastic syndrome, and 2 cases were non-hodgkin's lymphoma. The median latency of malignant tumor to hematological neoplasm was 42.5 (12-120) months. The median survival time of therapy-related hematological neoplasms was 10.5 (1-83) months, and the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 24.3%. The therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia patients had a very poor prognosis, with a median survival of 7 (1-83) months and a 3-year OS rate of 21.4%.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of therapy-related hematological neoplasms secondary to malignant solid tumors with radiotherapy and chemotherapy is poor, and individualized treatment should be implemented according to the clinical situation of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2781-2791, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981381

ABSTRACT

Rosae Radix et Rhizoma is a herbal medicine in a variety of famous Chinese patent medicines, while the quality standard for this medicine remains to be developed due to the insufficient research on the quality of Rosae Radix et Rhizoma from different sources. Therefore, this study comprehensively analyzed the components in Rosae Radix et Rhizoma of different sources from the aspects of extract, component category content, identification based on thin-lay chromatography, active component content determination, and fingerprint, so as to improve the quality control. The results showed that the content of chemical components varied in the samples of different sources, while there was little difference in the chemical composition among the samples. The content of components in the roots of Rosa laevigata was higher than that in the other two species, and the content of components in the roots was higher than that in the stems. The fingerprints of triterpenoids and non-triterpenoids were established, and the content of five main triterpenoids including multiflorin, rosamultin, myrianthic acid, rosolic acid, and tormentic acid in Rosae Radix et Rhizoma was determined. The results were consistent with those of major component categories. In conclusion, the quality of Rosae Radix et Rhizoma is associated with the plant species, producing area, and medicinal parts. The method established in this study lays a foundation for improving the quality standard of Rosae Radix et Rhizoma and provides data support for the rational use of the stem.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Quality Control
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 44-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935249

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effects of community-based interventions for diabetic eye diseases in Xinjing community, Shanghai from 2016 to 2018. Methods: Based on the project of "Establishment of Service Model for Comprehensive Prevention and Treatment of Diabetic Eye Diseases in Shanghai", the participants were not suffering diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Xinjing community in 2016 before interventions and received community-based interventions for diabetic eye diseases. The incidence of DR, visual acuity and awareness of DR were used as evaluation indicators to analyze the effects of interventions for diabetic eye diseases in the community. Results: A total of 537 patients were included in this study, the incidence of DR among diabetic patients in Xinjing community was 7.6% after interventions. The duration of diabetes (OR= 1.065) and HbA1c (OR= 1.090) were the risk factors of DR. Before and after the interventions, the patients with monocular low vision and binocular low vision were 27 cases (5.0%), 8 cases (1.5%), 19 cases (3.5%) and 7 cases (1.3%) respectively. After interventions, the awareness on the prevention and treatment of DR increased significantly, and the proportion of regular visits to ophthalmology examination, diet control and physical exercise also increased significantly. Conclusion: Community-based interventions for diabetic eye diseases are helpful to improve the awareness of DR prevention and control, reduce the incidence of DR.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Retinopathy/prevention & control , Exercise , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 81-85, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of radical image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) on the target dose in cervical cancer and investigate the appropriate application mode.Methods:Twenty patients with cervical cancer treated with helical tomotherapy (HT) in Seventh Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were selected. A megavoltage CT (MVCT) scan was performed before each treatment. The obtained MVCT images were used for dose parameter in the adaptive module of HT to obtain the actual dose (Plan 1) and the non-image-guided dose parameter was simulated (Plan 2). Each single dose distribution and the corresponding fused CT images were transferred to the software Mimvista 6.5 to obtain the total radiation dose parameter by dose superposition.Results:The motion of CTV, uterus and GTV in Plan 2 was significantly larger than that of Plan 1(all P<0.05), and the largest changes were seen in the ventrodorsal and uterine direction. The V 45Gy, V 50Gy, D 98% and D mean of CTV and uterus and V 50Gy of GTV in Plan 2 were significantly decreased compared with those in Plan 1(all P<0.05). The left-right motion of Plan 1 was negatively correlated with D 2% and D 98% of CTV and uterus (both P<0.05). The head-foot motion was negatively associated with V 45Gy and V 50Gy of GTV (both P<0.05). The ventrodorsal motion was negatively correlated with D 98% of uterus ( P<0.05). The left-right motion of Plan 2 was negatively correlated with D 2% of CTV and V 50Gy of uterus (both P<0.05). The head-foot motion was negatively associated with D 98% of CTV, and D 98%, D mean, V 45Gy and V 50Gy of uterus (all P<0.05). The ventrodorsal motion was negatively correlated with D 98% of CTV, D 98%, D mean, V 45Gy and V 50Gy of uterus, and D mean and V 45Gy of GTV (all P<0.05). Conclusions:In intensity-modulated radiotherapy for cervical cancer, the uterine body displacement is large and the low CTV area is mainly located in the uterine body. IGRT can significantly reduce the dosimetric deviation induced by organ movement.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 555-563, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of radiomics based on computed tomography (CT) examination in preoperative differential diagnosis of pancreatic serous cystadenoma (SCA) and mucinous cystadenoma (MCA).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological and imaging data of 154 patients with pancreatic cystic neoplasms who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2012 to December 2019 were collected. There were 24 males and 130 females, aged (50±13)years. Of the 154 patients, 99 cases were diagnosed as SCA and 55 cases were diagnosed as MCA. All the 154 patients underwent plain and enhanced CT scan of pancreas before operation. The clinical characteristics, radiology features and radiomics features of all patients were collected to construct the clinical characteristics model, radiology model, radiomics model and fused model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of each model was drawn, and those constructed models were evaluated by area under the curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. Based on the optimal model, the nomogram was constructed. Observation indicators: (1) establishment and validation of clinical characteristics model; (2) establishment and validation of radiology model; (3) establishment and validation of radiomics model; (4) establishment and validation of fused model; (5) nomogram of fused model. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Results:(1) Establishment and validation of clinical characteristics model: 3 clinical characteristics, including age, symptoms and preoperative serum CA19-9, were selected using multinomial logistic linear regression analysis to construct the clinical characteristics model. Result of the multinomial logistic linear regression analysis was expressed by formula ①: clinical characteristics model score=0.635-0.007×age+0.054×clinical symptoms+0.108×preoperative serum CA19-9. The ROC curve for the test dataset of clinical characteristics model was drawn. The AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of clinical characteristics model were 0.611(95% confidence interval as 0.488?0.734, P<0.05), 56.6%, 66.7%, 56.3%, 41.5%, 78.4% for the training dataset and 0.771(95% confidence interval as 0.624?0.919, P<0.05), 77.8%, 63.1%, 88.5%, 80.1%, 76.7% for the test dataset, respectively. (2) Establishment and validation of radiology model: 5 radiology characteristics, including tumor location, the number of tumors, tumor diameter of cross section, lobulated tumor and polycystic tumor (more than 6), were selected using multinomial logistic linear regression analysis to construct the radiology model. Result of the multinomial logistic linear regression analysis was expressed by formula ②: radiology model score=?0.034+0.300×tumor location+0.202×the number of tumors+0.014×tumor diameter of cross section?0.251×lobulated tumor?0.170×polycystic tumor (more than 6). The ROC curve for the test dataset of radiology model was drawn. The AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of radiology model were 0.862(95% confidence interval as 0.791?0.932, P<0.05), 78.8%, 81.8%, 77.5%, 62.8%, 90.2% for the training dataset and 0.853(95% confidence interval as 0.713?0.994), P<0.05), 88.9%, 89.4%, 88.5%, 85.0%, 92.0% for the test dataset, respectively. (3) Establishment and validation of radiomics model: 4 categories of a total 1 067 radiomics features were extracted from 154 patients with pancreatic cystic neoplasms, including 7 first-order histogram features, 53 texture features, 848 wavelet features and 159 local binary pattern features. A total of 896 stable radiomics features were retained to construct the model, based on the condition of intraclass correlation coefficient >0.9. After selected by variance threshold and correlation coefficient threshold, 350 radiomics features were retained. Fifty synthetic radiomics features were constructed based on the original features in order to obtain potential radiomics features, and the total number of radiomics features was 400. After analyzed by the five-fold recursive feature elimination, 22 radiomics features were screened out, including 13 wavelet features, 7 synthetic radiomics features and 2 local binary pattern features. The support vector machine algorithm was used to construct the radiomics model. The penalty coefficient 'C' and parameter 'γ' of the radiomics model were 35.938 and 0.077, respectively. The kernel function of the radiomics model was 'radial basis function kernel'. The ROC curve of radiomics model using 5-fold cross validation was drawn. The average AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the radiomics model were 0.870 ( P<0.05), 83.1%, 81.8%, 83.8%, 73.8% and 89.2%, respectively. (4) Establishment and validation of fused model: the fused model was constructed after selecting the tumor location and lobulated tumor of radiology characteristics and radiomics score. Result of the multinomial logistic linear regression analysis was expressed by formula ③: fused model socre=?0.154+0.218×tumor location?0.223×lobulated tumor+0.621×radiomics score. The ROC curve for the test dataset of fused model was drawn. The AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of fused model were 0.893(95% confidence interval as 0.828?0.958, P<0.05), 83.7%, 81.8%, 84.5%, 71.1%, 90.9% for the training dataset and 0.966(95% confidence interval as 0.921?0.999, P<0.05), 91.1%, 84.2%, 96.2%, 94.1%, 89.3% for the test dataset, respectively. (5) Nomogram of fused model: the nomogram of fused model was illustrated with the Youden index of 0.416. Conclusion:The prediction model based on the radiomics signature and radiological features extracted from preoperative CT examination can make the differential diagnosis of pancreatic SCA from MCA.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6196-6203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921777

ABSTRACT

A HPLC method was established for simultaneous determination of two organic acids(chlorogenic acid and ferulic acid) and five phthalides(senkyunolide I, senkyunolide H, senkyunolide A, ligustilide, and butylidenephthalide) in Angelicae Sinensis Radix and its processed products to clarify the underlying material transferring rules. The analysis was performed on a Welch Ultimate C_8 column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile(A)-0.085% phosphoric acid water(B) as the mobile phase in a gradient elution mode at the flow rate of 1.1 mL·min~(-1), the column temperature of 25 ℃, the detection wavelength of 280 nm, and the injection volume of 10 μL. Under these conditions, the content of the above-mentioned seven components was analyzed in 15 batches of Angelicae Sinensis Radix and its processed products, and the transfer rate of each compound was calculated. As a result, in the processed products, the average content of chlorogenic acid was slightly decreased and that of ferulic acid was equivalent to the medicinal materials. The content of senkyunolide I, senkyunolide H, senkyunolide A, and butylidenephthalide showed an increasing trend in the processed products as compared with the medicinal materials. The mass fraction of ligustilide in the medicinal materials was above 0.7%(0.94% on average), meeting the requirement of 0.6% in the Hong Kong Chinese Materia Medica Standards, but was 0.47% on average in the processed products, which was decreased by 50% approximately. Further investigation showed that the content of ligustilide in freshly made processed products of Angelicae Sinensis Radix did not change significantly compared with that in the medicinal materials, indicating that the loss of ligustilide in the processed products mainly occurred in the storage. Therefore, Angelicae Sinensis Radix is suitable for storing in the form of medicinal materials and the freshly made processed products should be used except for special cases. Additionally, it is recommended to control the content of volatile oils or ligustilide in medicinal materials and processed products of Angelicae Sinensis Radix to ensure its effectiveness in clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5027-5037, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921641

ABSTRACT

To obtain the chemical profile of Tibetan medicinal plant ″Bangga″, the present study established the HPLC fingerprint of ″Bangga″ and inferred common chemical constituents of its two original plants, Aconitum tanguticum and A. naviculare by LC-MS. The HPLC analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100 C_8 column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B) as mobile phase in a gradient elution mode. Besides, the flow rate was set at 1 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 255 nm and the injection volume was 10 μL. Seventeen batches of ″Bangga″ samples were analyzed and the HPLC fingerprint was established under the above conditions. Similarity evaluation was performed using Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012). As a result, 16 common peaks were selec-ted and the similarity values of 17 batches of ″Bangga″ were in the range of 0.702-0.966. Furthermore, one batch of A. tanguticum and one batch of A. naviculare were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and 74 common compounds were inferred, including 10 phenolic acids, 26 flavonoids, and 38 alkaloids. The established method, with good separation and strong specificity, is simple and feasible, and can be used for the quality control of ″Bangga″ and identification of its two original plants. A. tanguticum and A. naviculare are similar in chemical composition and component content, but are quite different in the content of flavonoids.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plants, Medicinal , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tibet
15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 789-793, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the levels of serum magnesium in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and the effects of abnormal serum magnesium on the prognosis in T2DM patients with CAP.Methods:The study was a retrospective single-center study conducted in adult patients hospitalized with CAP at the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao between January 2015 and December 2018. These patients were divided into two groups according to the diagnosis of T2DM (control group and T2DM group). The reference range for serum magnesium is from 0.75 to 1.25 mmol/L. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality.Results:The prevalences of hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia were numerically higher in T2DM group than in control group (hypomagnesemia: 14.6% vs 12.0%, hypermagnesemia: 1.4% vs 0.7%), but there was no statistical difference ( P>0.05). In patients with T2DM, the in-hospital mortalities in patients with normal serum magnesium and hypomagnesemia were 5.9% and 12.7%, respectively; In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the in-hospital mortality of patients with hypomagnesemia was 5.629(95% CI 2.012-15.750, P=0.001)times as much as that of patients with normal serum magnesium. Conclusions:Abnormal serum magnesium was common in T2DM inpatients with CAP and hypomagnesemia was the most common. Hypomagnesemia was closely related to in-hospital mortality in T2DM patients with CAP. The assessment of serum magnesium levels on admission may be helpful in predicting the prognosis of T2DM patients with CAP.

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Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 792-797, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843173

ABSTRACT

Objective • To explore the clinical characteristics of the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with hoarding symptoms and analyze the risk factors related to hoarding symptoms. Methods • A total of 247 OCD patients and 137 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled. The OCD patients were divided into hoarding group and non-hoarding group according to hoarding symptoms. Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory and Obsessive Belief Questionnaire-44 were used to measure the severity of OCD, levels of depression and anxiety, personality characteristics and obsessive-compulsive beliefs of the three groups. The differences among the groups were compared, and Logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors of hoarding symptoms. Results • Regardless of hoarding symptoms, the scores of depression, anxiety, neuroticism and obsessive beliefs in the patients with OCD were significantly higher than those in the healthy controls (all P=0.000). Compared with OCD/non-hoarding group, OCD/hoarding group had a significantly lower level of extroversion (P=0.000), a significantly higher level of perfectionism/certainty (P=0.037), and higher scores in indecisiveness (P=0.003), pathological responsibility (P=0.006) and pathological slowness (P=0.000). There was statistical significance in age (OR=0.94), extraversion score (OR=0.89) and pathological retardation score (OR=2.50) in Logistic regression model (all P<0.05). Conclusion • The risk of hoarding symptoms in the OCD patients decreases with the increase of age and extroversion level, and increases with the increase of pathological retardation level.

17.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 483-488, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829573

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of malaria and implementation of the “1-3-7” approach in malaria elimination in Yunnan Province, so as to provide the data support for the development of post-elimination surveillance interventions. Methods All data pertaining to malaria cases in Yunnan Province from 2014 to 2019 were captured from the Notifiable Disease Reporting System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the changes in the epidemic situation of malaria were analyzed during the 5-year period. In addition, the core indexes regarding the “1-3-7” approach in malaria elimination of Yunnan Province from 2014 to 2019 were retrieved from the Malaria Control System in the Parasitic Disease Information Reporting System, and all changes in the indexes were descriptively analyzed. Results During the period from 2014 to 2019, a total of 2 283 malaria cases were reported in Yunnan Province, including 1 927 cases with vivax malaria, 326 cases with plasmodium malaria, 29 cases with other species of malaria, and one case with unidentified species. There were 64 local cases, 2 219 overseas imported cases. Among the 2 283 malaria cases, the male/female ratio was 4.58∶1, and 80.25% of the cases were aged from 15 to 50 years. Farmer (70.00%) was the predominant occupation, and 76.70% (1 751/2 283) of the cases were identified in 25 border counties (districts). Malaria cases were reported in each month during the 5-year period, and the number of malaria cases increased from April, peaked on May to July, and started to decline on August. From 2014 to 2019, the reporting rate of malaria cases within 24 hours upon diagnosis was 100%, and the detection of malaria cases was 99.69% (2 276/ 2 283) in the laboratory, with a 99.65% (2 275/2 283) rate of definite diagnosis. In addition, the percentage of individual epidemiological investigations within 3 days was 100.00% (2 283/2 283), and the number of epidemic foci survey and treatment within 7 days was 576 during the 3-year period from 2017 to 2019. The goal of malaria elimination was achieved in Yunnan Province on June, 2020. Conclusions Malaria has been eliminated in Yunnan Province, and management of overseas imported malaria is the primary challenge to consolidate the malaria elimination achievements in the future. However, the approach in malaria elimination remains to be maintained, and the role of the Yunnan Provincial Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory requires to be strengthened.

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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 941-947, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of definitive radiotherapy with different doses on overall survival (OS) and identify the prognostic factors of patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods:Clinical data of 2 344 ESCC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT) alone or chemoradiotherapy from 2002 to 2016 in 10 hospitals were collected and analyzed retrospectively. After the propensity score matching (PSM)(1 to 2 ratio), all patients were divided into the low-dose group (equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions, EQD 2Gy<60 Gy; n=303) and high-dose group (EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy; n=606) based on the dose of radiation. Survival analysis was conducted by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox′s regression model. Results:The median follow-up time was 59.6 months. After the PSM, the 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 66.5%, 34.7%, 27.2% in the low-dose group, 72.9%, 41.7% and 34.7% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.018). The 1-, 3-and 5-year progression-free survival rate was 52.2%, 27.2%, 23.1% in the low-dose group, 58.3%, 38.1% and 33.9% in the high-dose group, respectively ( P=0.001). The outcomes of univariate analysis indicated that cervical/upper esophagus location, early (stage Ⅱ) AJCC clinical stage, node negative status, tumor length ≤5 cm, receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), receiving concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy were closely associated with better OS (all P<0.05). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that tumor location, regional lymph node metastasis, concurrent chemotherapy and EQD 2Gy were the independent prognostic factors for OS (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Three-dimensional conformal or IMRT with EQD 2Gy≥60 Gy yields favorable survival outcomes for patients with locally advanced ESCC.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 482-486, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865818

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Objective:To explore the effect of workshop situational teaching in practice training of midwifery specialty.Methods:89 students in midwifery specialty were divided into observational group and control group. The control group was given traditional teaching, and the observational group was implemented with situational teaching based on workshop. The effect of teaching was investigated by skill assessment, Chinese version of self-rating scale of self-directed learning and practice teaching quality evaluation questionnaire. SPSS 23.0 was used for t test.Results:The scores of 6 practical skills and the total scores of students in the observational group were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01, P<0.05). Study initiative, learning behavior, learning strategies, learning evaluation, interpersonal skills and self-directed learning ability of students in the observational group were all higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01, P<0.05).The evaluation of teaching quality of the observational group was "excellent" and was "good" in the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in the scores toward teaching attitude of the observational group compared with the control group ( P>0.05). The total scores of teaching content, teaching methods, teaching effects and practice teaching quality of the observational group were higher than those of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The workshop situational teaching was helpful in promoting the transformation of students' theoratical knowledge to practice, stimulate students' independent learning ability and improve the quality of practice teaching.

20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799555

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic factors of T1-2N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with definitive radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 196 patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC who were treated with definitive radiotherapy in 10 hospitals were retrospectively analyzed. All sites were members of Jing-Jin-Ji Esophageal and Esophagogastric Cancer Radiotherapy Oncology Group (3JECROG). Radiochemotherapy were applied to 78 patients, while the other 118 patients received radiotherapy only. 96 patients were treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and 100 treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The median dose of plan target volume(PTV) and gross target volume(GTV) were both 60 Gy. The median follow-up time was 59.2 months. Log rank test and Cox regression analysis were used for univariat and multivariate analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The percentage of normal lung receiving at least 20 Gy (V20) was (18.65±7.20)%, with average dose of (10.81±42.05) Gy. The percentage of normal heart receiving at least 30 Gy (V30) was (14.21±12.28)%. The maximum dose of exposure in spinal cord was (39.65±8.13) Gy. The incidence of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis were 14.80%(29/196) and 65.82%(129/196), respectively. The adverse events were mostly grade 1-2, without grade 4 toxicity. Median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 70.1 months and 62.3 months, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates of all patients were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year PFS rates were 75.1%、57.4% and 53.2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients′age (HR=1.023, P=0.038) and tumor diameter (HR=1.243, P=0.028)were the independent prognostic factors for OS, while tumor volume were the independent prognostic factor for PFS.@*Conclusions@#Definitive radiotherapy is a promising therapeutic method in patients with T1-2N0M0 ESCC. Patients′ age, tumor diameter and tumor volume may impact patients′ prognosis.

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