Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 195
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathological differences of surgically resected specimens of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) to different neoadjuvant therapies (neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and toripalimab combined with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy).Methods:Thirty patients diagnosed with advanced ESCC who underwent surgical operation after neoadjuvant therapy in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital from October 2020 to September 2021 were included. Among them, 15 patients received neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (radiochemotherapy group) and 15 patients were treated with toripalimab combined with radiochemotherapy (immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group). Surgically resected specimens were collected. The histopathological features of primary esophageal lesions and the responses of involved lymph nodes were analyzed and compared between two groups.Results:The major pathological response (MPR) rate in the radiochemotherapy group was 10/15, and 14/15 in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group ( P=0.17). The pathological complete response (pCR) rate of the primary lesions in the radiochemotherapy group was 7/15, and 10/15 in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group ( P=0.46). In the radiochemotherapy group, the incidence rate of tertiary lymphoid structure (TLS) was 7/15, and 12/15 in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group ( P=0.02). The incidence rate of necrosis in the radiochemotherapy group was 6/15, and 1/15 in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group ( P=0.03). In addition, the incidence rate of foam cell infiltration in the radiochemotherapy group was 6/15, and 13/15 in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group ( P=0.01). Furthermore, the pCR rate of involved lymph nodes in the radiochemotherapy group was 7/33, and 11/12 in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Compared with the radiochemotherapy group, the incidence of TLS and foam cell infiltration is higher, the incidence of necrosis is lower and clinical efficacy of involved lymph nodes is higher in the immunotherapy combined with radiochemotherapy group, prompting that toripalimab combined with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy exert higher synergistic immune effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of serum cystatin C (Cys-C) and renal artery resistance index (RRI) 24 h before coronary CT angiography (CTA) examination in contrast-induced nephropathy(CIN).Methods:Sixty-four patients with coronary heart disease who received coronary CTA examination in Hebei Petro China Central Hospital from January 2020 to March 2021 were selected as the research subjects. According to the incidence of CIN after coronary CTA examination, they were divided into the case group (25 patients) and the normal group(39 patients). Serum Cys-C level was measured by automatic biochemical analyzer at 24 h before CTA examination, and RRI value was measured by color Doppler ultrasound. Risk factors of CIN after CTA examination were analyzed by Logistic regression. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of serum Cys-C, RRI and the combination of the two indexes in CIN.Results:Compared with the control group, the dosage of contrast agent, patients with hypertension, serum Cys-C level at 24 h before CTA examination and RRI value in the case group were higher than those in the normal group: (85.53 ± 16.27) ml vs. (64.37 ± 15.08) ml, 80.00%(20/25) vs. 56.41%(22/39), (1.36 ± 0.18)mg/L vs.(1.02 ± 0.21) mg/L, 0.743 ± 0.093 vs. 0.632 ± 0.081, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the amount of contrast agent, hypertension, serum Cys-C level at 24 h before CTA examination and RRI value were independent risk factor for CIN after CTA examination ( P<0.05). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that serum Cys-C (>1.318 mg/L) combined with RRI value (>0.653) at 24 h before CTA examination predicted CIN with the highest area under the curve was 0.922, sensitivity was 92.5% and specificity was 81.6%. Conclusions:The incidence of CIN after CTA is related to the dosage of contrastant, hypertension, serum Cys-C level and RRI value at 24 h before CTA. The combination of Cys-C level and RRI value has a high predictive value for the occurrence of CIN.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 357-366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013864

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of process¬ing and increasing efficiency of Arisaematis rhizomz preparatum. Methods UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS tech¬nology was used to detect the chemical components be¬fore and after processing of Arisaematis rhizomz prepara¬tum, and its mechanism of action was analysed in the treatment of 44 asthma and phlegm " by using network pharmacology. A rat model of allergic asthma was es- tablished to compare the efficacy of Arisaematis rliizoma before and after processing. Results A total of 27 chemical components were identified, among which cur- cumin ,6-gingerol and other components increased after processing. Combined with the database prediction, the action mechanism of the 36 chemical components in the treatment of 44 asthma and phlegm" diseases was dis¬cussed and predicted through network pharmacology. The results of animal experiments showed that the effect of processed Arisaematis rhizoma on allergic asth¬ma was better than that of Arisaematis rhizoma, but there was no significant difference. Conclusions The addition of curcumin, 6-gingerol, camphor, demethyl- curcumin and other components after the processed Ari¬saematis rhizomz preparatum may be the reason for the synergistic effect of Arisaematis rhizomz preparatum in the treatment of allergic asthma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1237-1243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012399

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, and molecular genetic alterations of metaplastic thymoma (MT). Methods: A total of ten MT cases, diagnosed from 2011 to 2021, were selected from the Department of Pathology of Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China for clinicopathological and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination and clinical follow-up. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), next-generation sequencing (NGS), and YAP1 C-terminus (YAP1-CT) IHC were performed to detect YAP1::MAML2 fusions. Results: There were four males and six females, ranging in age from 29 to 60 years (mean 50 years, median 54 years). Microscopically, all tumors showed a typical biphasic morphology consisting of epithelial components and gradually or abruptly transitioning spindle cell components. The two components were present in varying proportions in different cases. Immunophenotypically, the epithelial cells were diffusely positive for CKpan, CK5/6 and p63. The spindle cells were diffusely positive for vimentin and focally positive for EMA. TdT was negative in the background lymphocytes. Ki-67 proliferation index was less than 5%. YAP1 and MAML2 break-apart FISH analyses showed that all ten cases had narrow split signals with a distance of nearly 2 signal diameters and may be considered false-negative. Using YAP1::MAML2 fusion FISH assays, abnormal fusion signals were observed in all the ten cases. NGS demonstrated YAP1::MAML2 fusions in all eight cases with adequate nucleic acids; in two cases the fusions were detected by DNA sequencing and in eight cases by RNA sequencing. All ten cases of MT demonstrated loss of YAP1 C-terminal expression in epithelioid cells. Conclusions: MT is a rare and low-grade thymic tumor characterized by a biphasic pattern and YAP1::MAML2 fusions. Break-apart FISH assays may sometimes show false-negative results due to the proximity of YAP1 and MAML2, while YAP1 C-terminal IHC is a highly sensitive and specific marker for MT. Loss of YAP1 C-terminal expression can also be used to screen YAP1::MAML2 fusions for possible MT cases.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Thymoma/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Transcription Factors/genetics , Mutation , Thymus Neoplasms/genetics
5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 89-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005487

ABSTRACT

Discipline structure, as the core of discipline construction, plays an important role in promoting the prosperity of medical humanities. By sorting out the Chinese scholars’ division of the structure of medical humanities in China, this paper preliminarily discussed the existence of the subordinate discipline of medical humanities in China, and preliminarily verified the rationality and feasibility the viewpoint of "building a first-class discipline of medical humanities under the medical category, and forming a subordinate discipline of medical humanities based on horizontal association". At the same time, this paper put forward the view that the structure of medical humanities in China should be determined according to the needs of the current social development in China, and the concepts and criteria contained in the division of the Chinese discipline catalogue, so as to pave the way for the follow-up research.

6.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 633-640, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004940

ABSTRACT

@#Joint hypermobility (JH) refers to the ability of joints to move beyond the 'normal' limits, which can be either physiologic or pathologic. Hypermobility spectrum disorders (HSDs) are a group of joint hypermobility-related clinical conditions. HSDs primarily affects the musculoskeletal system, predisposing the joints to subluxations or dislocations, and chronic pain. HSDs, however, may also manifest with symptoms such as fatigue, gastrointestinal disorders, and autonomic nervous system dysfunction, indicating multisystemic involvement that may impact psychological well-being. Although HSDs is usually not life-threatening, it is associated with poor quality of life. Currently, the molecular basis of HSDs remains unclear. The diagnosis of HSDs requires comprehensive medical evaluation and assessment. The main differential conditions/diagnoses include asymptomatic joint hypermobility, hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS), and various musculoskeletal inflammatory or degenerative diseases. Asymptomatic joint hypermobility, HSDs, and hEDS are now viewed as a continuous spectrum. Due to limited awareness of the condition, individuals with asymptomatic joint hypermobility may experience overdiagnosis and overtreatment, while patients with HSDs may encounter prolonged misdiagnoses or underdiagnoses. Furthermore, individuals presenting with psychological symptoms may have all their somatic complaints erroneously attributed to psychological factors. These factors collectively impose unnecessary psychological and economic burdens on patients and their families. The multi-systemic and heterogeneous nature of HSDs necessitates a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) approach with a case manager in both the diagnosis and management processes. Additionally, patient education and self-management play pivotal roles in optimizing chronic disease management. This review aims to summarize the current state of diagnosis and management of HSDs and raise awareness of HSDs, providing a basis for the establishment and refinement of a multi-disciplinary diagnostic and management framework for HSDs in China.

7.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 602-606, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004935

ABSTRACT

This article reported the treatment of Gorham Stout syndrome (GSS) with kyphoscoliosis. The patient was an 11-year-old male who was presented with kyphoscoliosis, first developed 4 years ago, accompanied by incomplete paralysis of both lower limbs. The syndrome worsened in the previous year. He had a history of chylothorax, ventilation dysfunction, and osteoporosis. The patient underwent skull traction in another hospital for 7 months, which was ineffective. Finally, he underwent posterior correction, internal fixation, and bone graft fusion (C4-T8) in our hospital. The postoperative clinical outcomes and the posterior correction were satisfactory, with significant improvement in incomplete paralysis of both lower limbs. This article aims to improve the understanding of GSS and provided reference for its diagnosis and treatment through a typical case report and review of previous literature.

8.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 547-553, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004931

ABSTRACT

Blau syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the a mix of granulomatous arthritis, uveitis, and dermatitis. Patients typically manifest multisystem involvement, including ocular, skin, and skeletal abnormalities. Blau syndrome is extremely rare, with a global incidence of less than one in a million among children. In this multidisciplinary consultation, we present a case of a 21-year-old young female patient having multisystemic involvement since early childhood. She was presented with multiple joint swelling, skin lesions, increased eye discharge, and accompanied by hypertension and arterial abnormalities, and received a diagnosis of uveitis. The patient had been receiving steroid treatment since the age of 6 and has tried various medications, with some improvement in joint swelling and ocular symptoms. Through this rare disease multidisciplinary consultation, we aim to provide guidance in the molecular diagnosis of the patient, multisystem assessment, and the selection and formulation of treatment plans. Additionally, we hope that by reporting this case, clinical physicians can gain a better understanding of the diagnosis and comprehensive treatment strategies for Blau syndrome, thereby improving the management and treatment of rare diseases.

9.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 476-482, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004922

ABSTRACT

Marfan syndrome(MFS) is an autosomal dominant systemic connective tissue disease. The incidence rate of MFS is about 2-3 per 10 000. Main cause of MFS is FBN1 gene mutation. About 2/3 of MFS patients have spinal deformities, showing symptoms of scoliosis, thoracic lordosis and lumbar kyphosis, severe spondylolisthesis, dural dilatation and pedicle dystrophy. MFS scoliosis develops with age and may continue even after bone maturation. Conservative treatments such as brace are usually ineffective. Surgical treatment of main curve > 40°-45 °is recommended, but due to the special anatomical structure of MFS patients, such surgical complications as dural leakage, failure of internal fixation and revision surgery are not uncommon.

10.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 469-475, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004921

ABSTRACT

Deep phenotyping is a precise and comprehensive approach used for the precise analysis and comprehensive assessment of multi-system phenotypes of the patients. The approach uses symptoms, signs, various medical examination and laboratory results, and other relevant medical information. In the clinical diagnosis and medical research of rare bone diseases, deep phenotyping plays a pivotal role. The realization of precision medicine primarily comprises three key dimensions: deep phenotyping, stratified medicine, and targeted therapy. The deep phenotyping is the basis for the latter two. Deep phenotyping not only facilitates fine subtyping of diseases, but also allows for the in-depth understanding of genetic data. The use of deep phenotyping requires stand- ardized terminology and specific procedures. Moreover, deep phenotyping shows substantial potential using the application of artificial intelligence technology particularly when combining with multi-omics techniques.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004799

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To statistically analyze the re-entry test and blood re-donation of HBV, HCV, TP and HIV single-reagent reactive blood donors in Hohhot from 2019 to 2021, so as to demonstrate the rationality, feasibility and necessity of the re-entry strategy of voluntary blood donors in Hohhot, and provide theoretical support for further standardizing of the reentry of blood donors. 【Methods】 A total of 225 samples of blood donors who applied for re-entry in Hohhot from 2019 to 2021 were collected, and HBV, HCV and HIV were tested by two reagent serological tests and nucleic acid tests. TP anti-TP was detected by two reagent serological methods. The test results were all non-reactive and met the requirements of re-entry. The blood donation status of blood donors after re-entry was followed up and analyzed. 【Results】 Among the 225 cases detected for HBV, HCV, TP and HIV from 2019 to 2021 in Hohhot, 178 were qualified for the returning, with a re-entry rate of 79.11%, and 75 donated blood again, with a after re-entry re-donation rate of 42.13%. 【Conclusion】 The strategy of returning for HBV, HCV, TP and HIV single reagent reactive blood donors in Hohhot is effective, and has positive significance for safeguarding the rights and interests of blood donors and alleviating regional blood supply shortages.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004716

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the supply data of red blood cells(RBCs) from 18 blood centers in China before and after the outbreak of COVID-19 during 2018 to 2021. 【Methods】 Eight indicators related to RBCs supply from 18 blood centers in China during 2018-2021 were collected retrospectively, including the storage of total amount of qualified RBCs (referred to as the total amount of storage), the distribution of total amount of RBCs (referred to as the total amount of distribution), the distribution amount of RBCs per 1 000 population (referred to as the amount of distribution per 1 000 population), the distribution amount of RBCs from 400 mL original blood per 1 000 population [referred to as the amount of distribution per 1 000 population (400 mL)], the average daily distribution amount of RBCs (referred to as the average daily distribution amount), the average daily storage amount of RBCs (referred to as the average daily storage amount), the average storage days of RBCs when distribute (referred to as the RBC storage days), and the expired amount of RBCs (referred to as the expired amount). Based on the outbreak time of COVID-19, the data of 2018 and 2019 were the pre-pandemic group, and the data of 2020 and 2021 were the post-pandemic group. 【Results】 Data on RBCs supply in 18 blood centers from 2018 to 2021(comparison of the pre-pandemic group and the post-pandemic group): the amount of distribution per 1 000 population (median 14.68 U>13.92 U) decreased, the amount of distribution per 1 000 population (400 mL) (median 10.16 U>9.21 U) decreased, and the difference was statistically significant (P99 084.08 U) decreased, the amount of distribution per 1 000 population (median 15.04 U>12.19 U) decreased, the amount of distribution per 1000 population (400 mL) (median 10.11 U>8.94 U), the average daily distribution amount(322.66 U>270.73 U) decreased and RBC storage days (median 10.50 d324.46 U), the average daily inventory (median 3 222.00 U0.00 U) decreased, the difference has statistical significance (P<0.05). The results of ANOVA showed that there were significant differences on the data related to RBCs supply (except expired amount) in different blood centers (P<0.05). The ratio of average daily stock to average daily distribution in the post-outbreak group (median 12.36 d) was higher than that in the pre-outbreak group (median 10.92 d), the difference has statistical significance (P<0.05), with significant difference among different blood centers (P <0.05). 【Conclusion】 The COVID-19 pandemic has a significant impact on RBCs supply in different blood centers. In the second year of the pandemic, the supply capability had recovered to some extent, and there were differences in RBCs supply in different blood centers.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of percutaneous foraminal endoscopy in the treatment of lumbar lateral recess stenosis in elderly.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 elderly patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis treated by percutaneous foraminal endoscopic decompression from March 2018 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Including 16 males and 15 females, aged from 65 to 81 years with an average of (71.13±5.20) years, the course of disease ranged from 3 months to 7 years with an average of (14.36±6.52) months. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to assess clinical symptom and functional status before operation and 1, 6, 12 months after operation. At the final follow-up, the modified Macnab standard was used to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were completed the operation successfully. The operation time was from 75 to 120 min with an average of (97.84±11.22 ) min. All 31 patients were followed up from 12 to 28 months with an average of (17.29±5.56) months. Postoperative lumbago-leg pain VAS and ODI were significantly improved at 1, 6, and 12 months(P<0.01). At the final follow-up, according to the modified Macnab standard to evaluate the effect, 23 got excellent results, 5 good, 3 fair. One patient had severe adhesions between peripheral tissues and nerve root, and postoperative sensory abnormalities in the lower extremities were treated conservatively with traditional Chinese medicine and neurotrophic drugs, which recovered at 2 weeks after surgery. No complications such as nerve root injury and infection occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#The intervertebral foraminal endoscopy technique, which is performed under local anesthesia for a short period of operation, ensures adequate decompression while minimizing complications, and is a safe and effective surgical procedure for elderly patients with lumbar lateral recess stenosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Infant , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981480

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 45 bioactive constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, amino acids, phenolic acids, and nucleosides in Epimedium brevicornum. The multiple bioactive constituents in leaves, petioles, stems and rhizomes of E. brevicornum were analyzed. The gradient elution was performed at 30 ℃ in an XBridge~® C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) with 0.4% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1). Single factor experiment and response surface methodology were employed to optimize the extraction conditions. Multivariate statistical analyses including systematic cluster analysis(SCA), principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and one-way analysis of variance(One-way ANOVA) were carried out to classify the samples from different parts and identify different constituents. Grey relation analysis(GRA) and entropy weight-TOPSIS analysis were performed to build a multi-index comprehensive evaluation model for different parts of E. brevicornum. The results showed that there was a good relationship between the mass concentrations of 45 constituents and the corresponding peak areas, with the correlation coefficients(r) not less than 0.999 0. The precision, repeatability, and stability of the established method were good for all the target constituents in this study, with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%(0.62%-4.9%) and the average recovery of 94.51%-105.7%. The above results indicated that the bioactive constituents varied in different parts of E. brevicornum, and the overall quality followed the trend of leaves > petioles > rhizomes > stems. This study verified the rationality of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) stipulating that the medicinal part of E. brevicornum is the leaf. Moreover, our study indicated that the rhizome had the potential for medicinal development. The established method was accurate and reliable, which can be used to comprehensive evaluate and control the quality of E. brevicornum. This study provides data reference for clarifying the medicinal parts and rationally utilizing the resources of E. brevicornum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Epimedium , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, Liquid , Multivariate Analysis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008633

ABSTRACT

A method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole linear ion trap-tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 41 bioactive constituents of flavonoids, organic acids, nucleosides, and amino acids in Lysimachiae Herba. The content of multiple bioactive constituents was compared among the samples from different habitats. The chromatographic separation was performed in a Waters XBridge®C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) at 30 ℃. The gradient elution was performed with 0.4% methanol(A)-formic acid water(B) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), and the multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was adopted. According to the content of 41 constituents, hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA), orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), and gray relational analysis(GRA) were perfomed to comprehensively evaluate the samples from different habitats. The results showed that the 41 constituents exhibited good linear relationship within the tested concentration ranges, with the correlation coefficients(r) greater than 0.999 4. The method featured good precision, repeatability, and stability with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%. The average recoveries of the 41 constituents ranged from 98.06% to 101.9%, with the RSDs of 0.62%-4.6%. HCA and OPLS-DA separated 48 batches of Lysimachiae Herba samples from different habitats into three categories: the producing areas in Sichuan and Chongqing, the producing areas in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi, and the producing areas in Guizhou. The content of 41 constituents varied among the Lysimachiae Herba samples from different habitats. The GRA results revealed that the Lysimachiae Herba sample from Nanchong City, Sichuan Province had the best comprehensive quality. The method developed in this study was accurate and reliable and thus can be used for comprehensive evaluation of Lysimachiae Herba quality and provide basic information for the selection of habitats.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Amino Acids/analysis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985868

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, angiogenesis has gradually become one of the most popular research directions of cancer since Jodah Folkman put forward a theory about that tumor development needs angiogenesis. Meanwhile, relevant research methods are enriched step by step. In this paper, we have made a systematic review to provide methodological references for subsequent studies about tumor angiogenesis and antiangiogenic therapy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008802

ABSTRACT

Terpenoids are important secondary metabolites of plants that possess both pharmacological activity and economic value. Terpene synthases(TPSs) are key enzymes in the synthesis process of terpenoids. In order to investigate the TPS gene family members and their potential functions in Schizonepeta tenuifolia, this study conducted a systematic analysis of the TPS gene family of S. tenuifolia based on the whole genome data of S. tenuifolia using bioinformatics methods. The results revealed 57 StTPS members identified from the genome database of S. tenuifolia. The StTPS family members encoded 285-819 amino acids, with protein molecular weights ranging from 32.75 to 94.11 kDa, all of which were hydrophilic proteins. The StTPS family members were mainly distributed in the cytoplasm and chloroplasts, exhibiting a random and uneven physical localization pattern. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the StTPS genes family were divided into six subgroups, mainly belonging to the TPS-a and TPS-b subfamilies. Promoter analysis predicted that the TPS gene family members could respond to various stressors such as light, abscisic acid, and methyl jasmonate(MeJA). Transcriptome data analysis revealed that most of the TPS genes were expressed in the roots of S. tenuifolia, and qRT-PCR analysis was conducted on genes with high expression in leaves and low expression in roots. Through the analysis of the TPS gene family of S. tenuifolia, this study identified StTPS5, StTPS18, StTPS32, and StTPS45 as potential genes involved in sesquiterpene synthesis of S. tenuifolia. StTPS45 was cloned for the construction of an prokaryotic expression vector, providing a reference for further investigation of the function and role of the TPS gene family in sesquiterpene synthesis.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Terpenes/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Lamiaceae/genetics , Sesquiterpenes
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the levels of serum pyrolysis-related factors cysteine protease-1 (caspase-1) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and their relationship with insulin resistance (IR) .Methods:A total of 102 GDM patients admitted to Kaifeng Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from Apr. 2019 to Mar. 2021 were selected as the GDM group, and 102 healthy pregnant women undergoing obstetric examination in the same period were included as the normal group. The age, gestational week, fasting insulin (FINS) , pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) , triglycerides (TG) , fasting blood glucose (FBG) , total cholesterol (TC) , and homeostatic model insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and other materials were compared between the GDM group and the normal group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of serum caspase-1 and IL-18; Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between serum caspase-1 and IL-18 levels and HOMA-IR in GDM patients; Logistic regression method was used to analyze the influencing factors of GDM.Results:The levels of TG [ (2.94±0.99) mmol/L vs (2.09±0.70) mmol/L], FBG [ (5.87±1.94) mmol/L vs (4.90±1.67) mmol/L], TC [ (5.72±1.92) mmol/L vs (5.03±1.68) mmol/L], FINS [ (11.45±3.87) mIU/L vs (6.92±2.34) mIU/L], HOMA-IR [ (3.05±0.78) vs (1.51±0.40) ] and levels serum caspase-1 [ (86.27±28.78) pg/mL vs (40.98±13.54) pg/mL] and IL-18 [ (44.26±14.56) pg/L vs (30.45±10.12) pg/L] in the GDM group were higher than those in the normal group (t=7.080, 3.827, 2.731, 10.116, 17.743, 14.381, 7.866, P<0.05) ; the levels of serum caspase-1 and IL-18 in GDM patients were positively correlated with HOMA-IR ( r=0.518, 0.555, P<0.05) ; FBG, TG, FINS, HOMA-IR, caspase-1, IL-18 were risk factors affecting the occurrence of GDM (95% CI=1.578-3.826, 1.454-3.311, 1.477-3.405, 1.678-4.265, 1.406-3.141, 1.511-3.551, P<0.05) . Conclusions:The levels of serum caspase-1 and IL-18 in patients with GDM are relatively high, which are significantly related to IR. Caspase-1 and IL-18 may be potential targets for the treatment of GDM.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of long-term high-fat diet on bone mineral density and intestinal flora in mice.Methods:Sixteen male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group (NC group) and high-fat group (HF group). After 24 weeks of high-fat feeding, biochemical indicators such as blood glucose and blood lipids were detected, bilateral femurs were taken and bone microstructure was analyzed with micro-computered tomography (micro-CT), and changes of intestinal microbial composition and proportion were revealed using 16S rDNA sequencing technology.Results:Compared with the control group, the serum total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in HF group were significantly increased. Micro-CT uncovered that the bone mineral density (Tb.BMD), bone volume fraction (BV/TV) and the number of trabecular bone (Tb.N) decreased, yet structural model index (SMI) and the trabecular fraction (Tb.Sp) increased in the HF group mice. The gut microbiota 16S rDNA sequence analysis showed that the proportion of Proteobacter was significantly increased and the proportions of pachycete, warty microbacterius, and actinomycete were reduced in HF group at the phyla level. The proportion of Bacteroidetes S24-7_norank in the NC group was significantly higher than that in the HF group, and the multilevel discriminant analysis of species differences (LEfSe) identified that the difference was significant, yet the proportion of Bacteroides, Pseudo-Prevotella, Desulfovibrio, Altobacter, and Helicobacter in the HF group were higher than those in the NC group, which were significant differences in Altobacter and Helicobacter at genus level.Conclusion:Long-term high-fat feeding can cause the destruction of femoral trabecular structure, decrease in the number of trabeculus bones, and bone mineral density in C57BL/6 mice. It also leads to significant changes in the composition and proportion of the intestinal flora.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analysis the correlation of eating speed with obesity.Methods:A total of 644 people aged 40-65 from Caihe Community in Hangzhou were enrolled to collect clinical and demographic data, undergo extensive physical examination and laboratory tests. Participants were divided into two groups according to their eating speed (non-fast and fast). Obesity-related parameters were compared between two groups. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to explore the relationship between eating speed and obesity after adjusting confounders.Results:Body mass index, waist circumference, and visceral fat area were greater in the fast eating group than non-fast eating group(all P<0.01). After adjusting for age, gender, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity level per week, and principal food intake, logistic regression analysis showed that eating fast was correlated with abdominal obesity( OR=1.66, 95% CI 1.11-2.48, P=0.014) and visceral obesity( OR=1.65, 95% CI 1.14-2.39, P=0.007). After stratified by gender, in the group of men, eating fast was correlated with abdominal obesity( OR=2.04, 95% CI 1.07-4.04, P=0.032) and visceral obesity( OR=1.85, 95% CI 1.04-3.31, P=0.037); In the group of women, eating fast was correlated with overweight and obesity( OR=1.59, 95% CI 1.04-2.42, P=0.031). Conclusion:Eating fast is positively associated with obesity. Interventions for reducing eating speed may be effective for weight control.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL