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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 535-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of preoperative prediction of vessel invasion (VI) of locally advanced gastric cancer by machine learning model based on the venous phase enhanced CT radiomics features.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 296 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer confirmed by pathology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2011 to December 2020 was performed. The patients were divided into VI positive group ( n=213) and VI negative group ( n=83) based on pathological results. The data were divided into training set ( n=207) and test set ( n=89) according to the ratio of 7∶3 with stratification sampling. The clinical characteristics of patients were recorded, and the independent risk factors of gastric cancer VI were screened by multivariate logistic regression. Pyradiomics software was used to extract radiomic features from the venous phase enhanced CT images, and the minimum absolute shrinkage and selection algorithm (LASSO) was used to screen the features, obtain the optimal feature subset, and establish the radiomics signature. Four machine learning algorithms, including extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost), logistic, naive Bayes (GNB), and support vector machine (SVM) models, were used to build prediction models for the radiomics signature and the screened clinical independent risk factors. The efficacy of the model in predicting gastric cancer VI was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results:The degree of differentiation (OR=13.651, 95%CI 7.265-25.650, P=0.003), Lauren′s classification (OR=1.349, 95%CI 1.011-1.799, P=0.042) and CA199 (OR=1.796, 95%CI 1.406-2.186, P=0.044) were independent risk factors for predicting the VI of locally advanced gastric cancer. Based on the venous phase enhanced CT images, 864 quantitative features were extracted, and 18 best constructed radiomics signature were selected by LASSO. In the training set, the area under the curve (AUC) of XGBoost, logistic, GNB and SVM models for predicting gastric cancer VI were 0.914 (95%CI 0.875-0.953), 0.897 (95%CI 0.853-0.940), 0.880 (95%CI 0.832-0.928) and 0.814 (95%CI 0.755-0.873), respectively, and in the test set were 0.870 (95%CI 0.769-0.971), 0.877 (95%CI 0.788-0.964), 0.859 (95%CI 0.755-0.961) and 0.773 (95%CI 0.647-0.898). The logistic model had the largest AUC in the test set. Conclusions:The machine learning model based on the venous phase enhanced CT radiomics features has high efficacy in predicting the VI of locally advanced gastric cancer before the operation, and the logistic model demonstrates the best diagnostic efficacy.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 652-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015162

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To explore the inhibitory effect of sodium ferulate (SF) on the inflammatory response in migraine rats by regulating the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) / p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway. Methods The migraine rat model was prepared by intraperitoneal injection of nitroglycerin. After successful modeling, the rats were randomly grouped into model group, SF low dose (SF-L) group (50 mg/ kg), SF high dose (SF-H) group (100 mg/ kg), SF+JNK inhibitor (SF + SP600125) group (SF 100 mg/ kg +SP600125 10 mg/ kg), and SF+JNK activator [SF + anisomycin(AN)] group (SF 100 mg/ kg +AN 5 mg/ kg), 12 in each group, another 12 SD rats without treatment were taken as blank group. The behavioral changes of the rats in each group were observed 24 hours after the administration, the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum were detected by ELISA, the neuronal apoptosis in brain tissue was observed by TUNEL staining, immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in brain tissue, Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of JNK/ p38 MAPK pathway-related proteins in brain tissue. Results Compared with the blank group, the number of times of scratching the head and climbing the cage of the rats in the model group increased significantly, and the apoptosis rate of neurons increased significantly; the content of 5-HT in serum decreased significantly, and the levels of NO, TNF-α and IL-6 increased significantly; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and CGRP, and the ratios of phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) / JNK and phosphorylated p38 MAPK(p-p38 MAPK) / p38 MAPK in brain tissue obviously increased (all P<0. 05). Compared with the model group, the number of times of scratching the head and the times of climbing the cage of the rats in the SF-L group and the SF-H group reduced significantly, and the neuron apoptosis rate reduced significantly; the content of 5-HT in serum increased significantly, and the levels of NO, TNF-α and IL-6 decreased significantly; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and CGRP, and the ratios of p-JNK/ JNK and p-p38 MAPK/ p38 MAPK in brain tissue obviously decreased (all P<0. 05). Compared with SF-H group, the protective effect of SF on migraine rats in SF+SP600125 group enhanced significantly; the protective effect of SF on migraine rats in the SF+AN group reversed significantly. Conclusion SF may inhibit the expression of JNK/ p38 MAPK signaling pathway, effectively inhibit neurogenic inflammatory response in migraine rats, reduce neuronal apoptosis, and achieve a protective effect on migraine rats.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 422-429, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the perceived exercise benefits and barriers and their association with physical activity time in Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 9-18 years. Methods: Data were extracted from the 2019 Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health and a total of 163 656 children and adolescents aged 9-18 years in Han ethnic group were included in the analysis. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare the perceived exercise benefits score, perceived exercise barriers score and perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio in the children and adolescents with different demographic characteristics and physical activity time. The differences in physical activity time in subgroups were compared with χ2 tests. log-binomial regression model was used to evaluate the association between physical activity time and perceived exercise benefits and barriers. Results: The M (Q1,Q3) of the perceived exercise benefits score, perceived exercise barriers score, and perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio in the children and adolescents were 4.11 (3.78, 4.78), 2.70 (2.10, 3.20) and 1.55 (1.22, 2.07), respectively. Children and adolescents living in urban area, boys, those at younger age and those with physical activity time ≥1 hour had higher perceived exercise benefits score and perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio, but lower perceived exercise barriers score (all P<0.001). The prevalence of physical activity time ≥1 hour was 41.4% in the children and adolescents. In the log-binomial model with two variables of perceived exercise benefits score and perceived exercise barriers score, for each 1-point increase in the perceived exercise benefits, the possibility of physical activity time ≥1 hour increased by 11% (OR=1.11, 95%CI: 1.10-1.12), and for each 1-point increase in the perceived exercise barriers, the possibility of physical activity time ≥1 hour decreased by 15% (OR=0.85, 95%CI: 0.84-0.85). In the log-binomial model with variable of perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio, for each 1-point increase in the perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio, the possibility of physical activity time ≥1 hour increased by 12% (OR=1.12, 95%CI: 1.11-1.12). Conclusion: The perceived exercise benefits and barriers are significantly associated with physical activity time in children and adolescents in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Male , Female , Asian People , China , Ethnicity , Exercise , Students
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 20-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969889

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trend of the detection rate of myopia among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019 were used, and about 213 833, 212 742 and 209 942 Han students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The χ² test was used to compare the differences in the prevalence of myopia among the subgroups in the survey year, and logistic regression was used to compare the differences in the prevalence of myopia between different years. A curve-fitting method was used to obtain the growth rate of myopia among Han Chinese students from 2010 to 2019, and the differences in the change of myopia between different age groups were analyzed. Results: In 2019, the overall detection rate of myopia among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 was 60.1%. The detection rate of urban students (62.7%) was higher than that of rural students (57.4%) and the detection rate of girls (63.5%) was higher than that of boys (56.7%). In 2019, the regional disparities were large in the detection rate of myopia in various provinces, with the lowest in Guizhou (49.6%) and the highest in Zhejiang (71.3%). The detection rate of myopia showed an upward trend from 2010 to 2019, from 55.5% in 2010 to 57.1% in 2014, and finally to 60.1% in 2019. The gap in the detection rate of myopia between urban and rural children and adolescents gradually shrank. The average annual growth rate of myopia detection rate from 2014 to 2019 was 0.6 percentage points per year, higher than that from 2010 to 2014 about 0.4 percentage points per year. The peak age of the growth rate of myopia detection rate decreased from 12 years in 2010 to 10 years in 2014, and finally to 7 years in 2019. Conclusions: The detection rate of myopia among Chinese Han children and adolescents is still at a high level, and the peak age of the growth rate of myopia detection rate continues to advance.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 27-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence trend of malnutrition among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Based on the data from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019, about 215 102, 214 268 and 212 713 Han students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. According to the National Screening Standard for Malnutrition of School-age Children and Adolescents, the detection rate of malnutrition among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 was calculated, and the prevalence trend of malnutrition from 2010 to 2019 was analyzed. Results: In 2019, the detection rate of malnutrition among Chinese Han students aged 7-18 years was 8.64% (18 381/212 713), of which the rate of growth retardation, moderate-to-severe wasting and mild wasting was 0.50% (1 062/212 713), 3.25% (6 914/212 713) and 4.89% (10 405/212 713), respectively. In 2019, the detection rate of malnutrition in these boys was higher than that of girls (9.97% vs. 7.31%), and the detection rate in rural areas was higher than that in cities (9.30% vs. 7.98%). The detection rates were 9.74% (5 252/53 916), 8.17% (4 408/53 937), 7.29% (3 885/53 310), and 9.38% (4 836/51 550) in 7-9, 10-12, 13-15, and 16-18 years groups, and 8.14% (6 563/80 618), 7.61% (4 237/55 694) and 9.92% (7 581/76 401) in the eastern, central, and western regions. Malnutrition among students in China was mainly caused by mild wasting, and the detection rate of growth retardation accounted for only 5.78% (1 062/18 381). Malnutrition was mostly concentrated in the southwest region, and the rate was relatively low in eastern provinces. In three surveys from 2010 to 2019, the detection rate of malnutrition among Han students aged 7-18 in China decreased gradually, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Among them, the detection rates in western rural areas decreased significantly, as well as the gap between urban and rural areas. Compared with that in 2014, the detection rate of malnutrition in Shandong, Hunan, Qinghai and Hainan provinces in 2019 decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: In 2019, the malnutrition of Chinese children and adolescents aged 7-18 years is dominated by wasting malnutrition. The detection rate shows a downward trend from 2010 to 2019, with regional differences.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 11-19, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969886

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and predict the epidemic trend of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China from 1985 to 2019. Methods: Data were collected from the Chinese National Survey on Students Constitution and Health in 1985, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014, and 2019 with the sample size of 409 945, 204 931, 209 209, 234 420, 215 317, 214 353, and 212 711, respectively. Overweight and obesity were evaluated according to the "classification standard of the weight index value of overweight and obesity screening for Chinese school-age children and adolescents" of the Working Group on Obesity in China (WGOC). The detection rate and average annual growth rate of overweight and obesity, and single obesity among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years were calculated, and ArcGis10.6 software was used to analyze the difference in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in different regions in 2019. Polynomial regression function was used to fit the prevalence and average annual growth rate of overweight and obesity, and single obesity among children and adolescents from 1985 to 2019, and to predict the prevalence of overweight and obesity and single obesity among children and adolescents in China. Results: In 2019, the total prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China was 23.4%, and the prevalence of single obesity was 9.6%. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among urban children and adolescents was higher than that in rural areas (25.4% vs. 21.5%), and the prevalence in boys was higher than that in girls (28.4% vs. 18.4%) (both P values<0.001). In 2019, there was a large regional disparity in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in different provinces, with the lowest in Guangdong (12.2%) and the highest in Shandong (38.9%), and the high epidemic areas were mainly concentrated in North China and Northeast China. From 1985 to 2019, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China increased from 1.2% to 23.4%, with an increase of 18.1 times, while the prevalence of obesity alone increased from 0.1% to 9.6%, with an increase of 75.6 times. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban boys, urban girls, rural boys and rural girls increased from 1.3%, 1.5%, 0.5%, and 1.6% in 1985 to 31.2%, 19.4%, 25.6%, and 17.4% in 2019, with an increase of 22.3, 11.7, 54.2, and 10.1 times, respectively. According to the prediction model, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China will increase from 23.4% in 2019 to 32.7% in 2030, and the prevalence of obesity alone will increase from 9.6% in 2019 to 15.1% in 2030. The growth of rural children and adolescents is obvious. By 2025, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among rural children and adolescents in China will comprehensively exceed that of urban, and there will be an "urban-rural reversal" phenomenon. At the same time, the prevalence of children's obesity in China's low, medium and high epidemic areas will also continue to increase. By 2035, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in medium epidemic areas will exceed that in high epidemic areas, and there will be a "provincial reversal" phenomenon. Conclusion: From 1985 to 2019, the overweight and obesity of children and adolescents in China will continue to grow rapidly with large regional differences.

7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 42-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969885

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the long-term trend of the age of spermarche among Chinese Han boys aged 11 to 18 from 2010 to 2019 and its association with nutritional status. Methods: The data from Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019 were used. The age, residence and spermarche of the participants were collected by questionnaire, and their height and weight were measured. A total of 184 633 Han boys aged 11‒18 years with complete data on spermarche, height, and weight were included in this study. The probability regression method was used to calculate the median age (95%CI) at spermarche in different areas, and the trend of age at spermarche in different groups was compared. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between nutritional status and spermarche of Chinese Han boys aged 11‒18 years. Results: The median age of spermarche (95%CI) was 13.85 (13.45-14.22) years old among Chinese Han boys aged 11‒18 years in 2019, with 0.18 years earlier than that in 2010. The median age at spermarche in urban and rural boys was 13.89 and 13.81 years, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the age at spermarche in urban and rural boys was 0.08 and 0.27 years earlier, respectively. After adjusting for age, province and urban/rural areas, compared with normal weight, spermarche was negatively associated with wasting and positively associated with overweight and obesity, with OR (95%CI) about 0.73 (0.67-0.80), 1.09 (1.02-1.17) and 1.09 (1.01-1.18), respectively. Conclusion: The age of spermarche generally shows an advanced trend among Chinese Han boys and is associated with nutritional status.

8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 49-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969884

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence trend of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years in China from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Students aged 7-17 years were selected from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 2010 to 2019. High normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure were determined according to the "Reference of screening for elevated blood pressure among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years" (WS/T 610-2018). The Chi-square test was performed to determine whether there was a difference in the prevalence of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure by gender, residence and age group. Results: In 2019, the prevalence of high normal blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 7-17 years was 15.3% (29 855/195 625), which was higher in boys (20.2%, 19 779/97 847) and rural areas (15.4%, 15 066/97 567) than that in girls (10.3%, 10 076/97 778) and urban areas (15.1%, 14 789/98 058), respectively (all P<0.05). The prevalence of elevated blood pressure was 13.0% (25 377/195 625), which was higher in girls (13.2%, 12 925/97 778) and rural areas (14.1%, 13 753/97 567) than that in boys (12.7%, 12 452/97 847) and urban areas (11.9%, 11 624/98 058) (all P<0.05). From 2010 to 2019, the prevalence of high normal blood pressure showed an increasing trend, with an annual average growth rate from 1.14% to 3.18%. The overall prevalence of elevated blood pressure also showed an increasing trend from 2010 to 2019 but decreased in 2014. The annual average growth rate of elevated blood pressure was-1.07% from 2010 to 2014 and 9.33% from 2014 to 2019. About 17 provinces had an increasing trend in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 2010 to 2014, and 22 provinces with an increasing trend from 2014 to 2019. There were obvious regional differences in the annual average growth rate of the prevalence of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure. The regions with the highest annual average growth rate of the prevalence of high normal blood pressure were the Northeast (5.47%) from 2010 to 2014 and the Western region (5.21%) from 2014 to 2019. For elevated blood pressure, the Northeast had the highest annual average growth rate from 2010 to 2014 (12.35%), while the Central (15.79%) and Western (12.87%) had the highest growth rate from 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: From 2010 to 2019, the prevalence of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure in Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 shows an increasing trend, with regional disparities.

9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 36-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969883

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trends of the age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data were extracted from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019. A total of 253 037 Han girls aged 9 to 18 years with complete data on menarche were selected in this study. They were asked one-on-one about their menstrual status, age and residence information. The median age of menarche was estimated by probability regression. U tests were used to compare the difference in median age at menarche in different years. Results: The median age at menarche (95%CI) among Chinese Han girls was 12.47 (12.09-12.83) years in 2010, 12.17 (11.95-12.38) years in 2014 and 12.05 (10.82-13.08) years in 2019, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the median age at menarche in 2019 decreased by 0.42 years (U=-77.27, P<0.001). The annual average changes were-0.076 years from 2010 to 2014 (U=-57.19, P<0.001) and-0.023 years from 2014 to 2019 (U=-21.41, P<0.001), respectively. The average annual changes in urban areas in the periods of 2010 to 2014 and 2014 to 2019 were-0.071 years and 0.006 years, respectively, while those in rural areas were-0.082 years and-0.053 years, respectively. The average annual changes in the regions of north, northeast, east, south central, southwest and northwest were-0.064, -0.099, -0.091, -0.080, -0.096 and-0.041 years in the period of 2010 to 2014 and 0.001, -0.040, -0.002, -0.005, -0.043 and-0.081 years in the period of 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: The age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years shows an advanced trend from 2010 to 2019, and the trends in urban and rural areas and different regions have different characteristics.

10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 421-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986871

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the association between outdoor artificial light-at-night (ALAN) exposure and overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years in China.@*METHODS@#Using follow-up data of 5 540 children and adolescents aged 9 to 18 years conducted from November 2019 to November 2020 in eight provinces of China, latitude and longitude were determined based on school addresses, and the mean monthly average nighttime irradiance at the location of 116 schools was extracted by the nearest neighbor method to obtain the mean outdoor ALAN exposure [unit: nW/(cm2·sr)] for each school. Four indicators of overweight and obesity outcomes were included: Baseline overweight and obesity, persistent overweight and obesity, overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence. Mixed effects Logistic regression was used to explore the association between ALAN exposure levels (divided into quintiles Q1-Q5) and baseline overweight and obesity, persistent overweight and obesity, overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence. In addition, a natural cubic spline function was used to explore the exposure response association between ALAN exposure (a continuous variable) and the outcomes.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of baseline overweight and obesity, persistent overweight and obesity, overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence among the children and adolescents in this study were 21.6%, 16.3%, 2.9% and 12.8%, respectively. The OR value for the association between ALAN exposure and baseline overweight and obesity was statistically significant when ALAN exposure levels reached Q4 or Q5, 1.90 (95%CI: 1.26-2.86) and 1.77 (95%CI: 1.11-2.83), respectively, compared with the children and adolescents in the Q1 group of ALAN exposure. Similar to the results for baseline overweight and obesity, the OR values for the association with persistent overweight and obesity were 1.89 (95%CI: 1.20-2.99) and 1.82 (95%CI: 1.08-3.06) when ALAN exposure levels reached Q4 or Q5, respectively, but none of the OR values for the association between ALAN and overweight and obesity progression and overweight and obesity incidence were statistically significant. Fitting a natural cubic spline function showed a non-linear trend between ALAN exposure and persistent overweight and obesity.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a positive association between ALAN exposure and overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, and the promotion of overweight obesity in children and adolescents by ALAN tends to have a cumulative effect rather than an immediate effect. In the future, while focusing on the common risk factors for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, there is a need to improve the overweight and obesity-causing nighttime light exposure environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Child , Overweight/etiology , Pediatric Obesity/etiology , Light Pollution , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984764

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trends of the age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data were extracted from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019. A total of 253 037 Han girls aged 9 to 18 years with complete data on menarche were selected in this study. They were asked one-on-one about their menstrual status, age and residence information. The median age of menarche was estimated by probability regression. U tests were used to compare the difference in median age at menarche in different years. Results: The median age at menarche (95%CI) among Chinese Han girls was 12.47 (12.09-12.83) years in 2010, 12.17 (11.95-12.38) years in 2014 and 12.05 (10.82-13.08) years in 2019, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the median age at menarche in 2019 decreased by 0.42 years (U=-77.27, P<0.001). The annual average changes were -0.076 years from 2010 to 2014 (U=-57.19, P<0.001) and -0.023 years from 2014 to 2019 (U=-21.41, P<0.001), respectively. The average annual changes in urban areas in the periods of 2010 to 2014 and 2014 to 2019 were -0.071 years and 0.006 years, respectively, while those in rural areas were -0.082 years and -0.053 years, respectively. The average annual changes in the regions of north, northeast, east, south central, southwest and northwest were -0.064, -0.099, -0.091, -0.080, -0.096 and -0.041 years in the period of 2010 to 2014 and 0.001, -0.040, -0.002, -0.005, -0.043 and -0.081 years in the period of 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: The age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years shows an advanced trend from 2010 to 2019, and the trends in urban and rural areas and different regions have different characteristics.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Menarche , Probability , East Asian People
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1300-1305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in occult peritoneal metastasis (OPM) of gastric cancer.Methods:A total of 93 patients with gastric cancer admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2018 to October 2021 were retrospectively collected. None of the patients had typical peritoneal metastasis on CT. Patients were divided into OPM group (31 cases) and non-OPM group (62 cases) according to laparoscopic exploration. The clinical, pathological and CT features were recorded. The parameters related to adipose tissue (VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue) within the range of 15 mm and 25 mm below the largest layer of gastric cancer lesions in preoperative CT images were measured, including the volume, average CT attenuation and standard deviation. The independent-sample t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, χ 2 test or Fisher′s exact probability were used to compare the clinical, pathological and CT imaging parameters between OPM and non-OPM groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent risk factors for OPM of gastric cancer and establish a combined model. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the efficacy of each indicator and the combined model in predicting OPM of gastric cancer. Results:There were statistically significant differences in age, pathological type, CA125, ascites, cT stage, the thickest diameter of lesion, average CT attenuation of 15 mm VAT and 25 mm VAT between the OPM group and the non-OPM group ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ascites, cT stage and average CT attenuation of 25 mm VAT were independent risk factors for OPM of gastric cancer, with the OR (95%CI) of 4.940 (1.287-18.967), 4.284 (1.270-14.455), and 1.149 (1.013-1.303), respectively. A combined model was established. The area under the curve (AUC) of ascites, cT stage, average CT attenuation of 25 mm VAT, average CT attenuation of 15 mm VAT and combined model were 0.685, 0.718, 0.703, 0.674 and 0.813, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in AUC between the combined model and each four single indicators above ( Z=2.98, 2.63, 2.09, 2.54, P=0.003, 0.009, 0.037, 0.011). Conclusions:The ascites, cT stage and average CT attenuation of 25 mm VAT are independent risk factors for OPM in gastric cancer. The combined model based on the above three indicators has the best performance in predicting OPM in gastric cancer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 55-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of multiphasic CT-based radiomics signature in predicting the invasive behavior of pancreatic solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (pSPN).Methods:The multiphasic CT images of patients with pSPN confirmed by postoperative pathology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 23 cases of invasiveness and 59 cases of non-invasiveness. The region of interest(ROI) was artificially delineated layer by layer in the plain scan, arterial-phase and venous-phase images, respectively. The 1 316 image features were extracted from each ROI. The data set was divided into training and validation sets with a ratio of 7∶3 by stratified random sampling, and synthetic minority oversampling technique (SMOTE) algorithm was used for oversampling in the training set to generate invasive and non-invasive balanced data for building the training model. The constructed model was validated in the validation set. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) analysis was used to evaluate model performance and the Delong′s test was applied to compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of different predict models. The improvement for classification efficiency of each independent model or their combinations were also assessed by net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) indices.Results:After feature extraction, 2, 6 and 3 features were retained to construct plain-scanned model, arterial-phase and venous-phase models, respectively. Seven independent-phase and combined-phase models were established. Except the plain-scanned model, the AUC values of other models were greater than 0.800. The arterial-phase model had the best efficiency for classification among all independent-phase models. The AUC values of arterial-phase model in the SMOTE training and validation sets were 0.913 and 0.873, respectively. By combining the radiomics signature of the arterial-phase and venous-phase models, the AUC values of training and validation sets increased to 0.934 and 0.913 respectively. There were no significant differences of the AUC values between the scan-arterial venous-phase model and arterial venous-phase model in both training and validation sets (both P>0.05). The NRI and IDI indexes showed that the combined form of plain-scan model and arterial-venous-phase model could not significantly improve the classification efficiency in the validation set (both NRI and IDI<0). Conclusions:The arterial-phase CT-based radiomics model has a good predictive performance in the invasive behavior of pSPN, and the combination with a venous-phase radiomics model can further improve the model performance.

14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 334-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935289

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trend of child and adolescent mortality rate in China from 2004 to 2018 and explore the possible policy effects. Methods: This study used the mortality data of child and adolescent aged 5 to 19 years from 2004 to 2018 based on the National Disease Surveillance System. Age-standardized mortality rate was calculated by using the population from the sixth national census. Joinpoint regression was used to analyze the trend of child and adolescent mortality with different features from 2004 to 2018. Results: From 2004 to 2018, the overall mortality rate of children and adolescents in China dropped from 40.02 per 100 000 to 22.00 per 100 000, and the average annual percentage change (AAPC) was -4.28 (95%CI:-5.35,-3.20,P<0.001). The mortality rate dropped rapidly from 2004 to 2006, and the annual percentage change (APC) was -9.20 (95%CI:-15.63,-2.28,P=0.017). The decline rate slowed down between 2006 and 2013, and the APC was -1.56 (95%CI:-2.78,-0.33,P=0.020). The downward trend accelerated from 2013 to 2018, and the APC was -5.99 (95%CI:-7.52,-4.43,P<0.001). The trend of child mortality rate in rural area, females, eastern provinces of China, children aged 10 to 14 years, children aged 15 to 19 years, and injury mortality rate were basically consistent with the overall trend. The child mortality rate in urban area, central provinces of China and the mortality rate of infectious diseases, maternal and infant, and nutritional deficiencies diseases showed a uniform downward trend from 2004 to 2018, with AAPC values about -3.59 (95%CI:-4.38,-2.78,P<0.001), -2.89 (95%CI:-3.24,-2.54,P<0.001) and -6.66 (95%CI:-7.64,-5.68,P<0.001), respectively. Conclusion: The mortality rate of children and adolescents aged 5 to 19 years in China continues to decline from 2004 to 2018, and the decline rate becomes faster after 2011.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Young Adult , Child Mortality , China/epidemiology , Mortality , Policy , Rural Population , Urban Population
15.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 75-81, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935253

ABSTRACT

Overweight/obesity has become one of the major public health problems among children and adolescents all over the world. The current screening standards for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents are not unified. It is easy to make mistakes and inefficient to evaluate item by item or develop self-written packages. Taking the"Screening standards for overweight and obesity in Chinese school-age children and adolescents"as an example, this study introduced four methods and procedures for evaluating overweight and obesity among children and adolescents from the world and China and described their application methods in combination with specific cases. At the same time, the SPSS and SAS packages were compiled and the specific application steps were explained, so that users could correctly and quickly screen overweight and obesity among children and adolescents, and conduct horizontal comparisons of similar studies across different regions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Body Mass Index , China , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Prevalence
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 498-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the mortality of injuries among children and adolescents aged 5 to 24 in China from 1990 to 2019, and to provide the theoretical basis for the formulation of policies related to injury prevention.@*METHODS@#The mortality data of children and adolescents aged 5 to 24 years in China between 1990 and 2019 were obtained from Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019, and the change in mortality between 1990 and 2019 was described. Age-period-cohort analysis was utilized to determine the age effect, period effect and cohort effect for road injuries, drowning and self-harm.@*RESULTS@#Injury mortality of Chinese children and adolescents aged 5 to 24 years decreased from 46.22 [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 40.88-52.12] per 100 000 to 20.36 (95%UI: 17.58-23.38) per 100 000 between 1990 and 2019. Sub-group analysis revealed a pattern that was basically consistent with the overall trend. From 1990 to 2019, drowning declined from the first leading cause of injury death among children and adolescents aged 5 to 24 years in China to the second while road injuries became the one which caused the most death among them, and self-harm was the third leading cause of injury death. The top three causes of injury death in each subgroup were basically the same as the overall, but the order was different in each subgroup. Age-period-cohort analysis showed that the death risk of road injuries, drowning, and self-harm all decreased with period and cohort. Aside from that, the death risk of road injuries showed a U-shape trend, which decreased at first but increased soon afterwards, with the increase of age, while the death risk of drowning decreased with age and the death risk of self-harm increased with age.@*CONCLUSION@#In China, the injuries mortality among children and adolescents aged 5 to 24 years has decreased over the last three decades. However, specific cause-related injury deaths, manifested differently in different sub-groups. Targeted policies and intervention should be proposed to reduce the mortality of children and adolescents in accordance with the characteristics of injuries death in different genders and age groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Asian People , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Drowning , Global Burden of Disease , Wounds and Injuries
17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 240-245, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of spectral computed tomo-graphy (CT) multi-parameter imaging in predicting gastric cancer lymph node metastasis.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 86 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to June 2017 were collected. There were 53 males and 33 females, aged from 22 to 87 years, with a median age of 53 years. All patients received abdominal plain scan and arterial and venous phase contrast spectral scan. Images of plain scan, 70 keV monochromatic and iodine-based images in arterial and venous phase were analyzed on post-processing working station. Observation indicators: (1) gastric cancer lymph node metastasis; (2) analysis of influencing factors for lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer; (3) introduction of special cases. Count data were described as absolute numbers. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test or rank sum test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model.Results:(1) Gastric cancer lymph node metastasis: of the 86 patients, 64 cases had lymph nodes metastasis and 22 had no lymph nodes metastasis. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer: results of univariate analysis showed that tumor growth pattern, tumor diameter, infiltration of peritumor fat, CT value in arterial phase, CT value in venous phase, iodine value in venous phase were related factors affecting lymph nodes metastasis in gastric cancer ( χ2=6.753, Z=-3.180, χ2=7.649, Z=-2.051, -2.971, -2.547, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that infiltration of peritumor fat and the iodine value in venous phase were greater than 12(100 μg/cm 3) and not greater than 16(100 μg/cm 3), or greater than 16(100 μg/cm 3) were independent risk factors affecting lymph nodes metastasis in gastric cancer ( odds ratio=13.154, 3.761, 7.583, 95% confidence interval as 2.597-66.620, 1.893-8.572, 4.769-16.692, P<0.05). (3) Introduction of special cases: case 1 was male, aged 46 years. Results of preoperative spectral CT enhanced scan showed gastric antrum space occupying lesion combined with enlarged lymph nodes. During enhancement arterial phase, spectral CT 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images of primary lesion layer in the transverse view showed gastric wall thickening with mild to moderate enhancement, clear fat space in serosa and enlarged lymph nodes in lesser curvature. The spectral CT 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images below pylorus level in the transverse view showed subpyloric enlarged lymph nodes. During enhancement venous phase, the 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images of primary lesion layer in the transverse view showed layered enhancement of gastric antrum lesions and mucosal enhancement, with a high iodine value. The patient was diagnosed as gastric antrum cancer with lymph node metastasis, no serosal or peritumoral fat invasion. Results of postoperative pathological examination showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of gastric antrum with serosal invasion and lymph node metastasis. Case 2 was male, aged 53 years. Results of preoperative spectral CT enhanced scan showed gastric cancer of lesser curvature combined with enlarged lymph nodes. During enhancement arterial phase, 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images of primary lesion layer in the transverse view showed gastric wall heterogeneous thickening of lesser curvature, with moderate enhancement, obscure peritumor fat space, unclear serosa, and multiple enlarged lymph nodes in lesser curvature. During enhancement venous phase, 70 keV monochromatic images in the transverse view showed unclear boundary between lesions and enlarged lymph nodes in lesser curvature, obscure peritumor fat. During enhancement arterial phase, 70 keV monochromatic images of celiac trunk layer in the transverse view showed parasplenic artery lymph nodes, with circular enhancement and no enhancement in central necrotic elements. The patient was diagnosed as gastric cancer of lesser curvature with lymph node metastasis, serosal and peritumor fat invasion. Results of postoperative pathological examination showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of gastric antrum with serosal invasion and lymph node metastasis. Conclusion:The infiltration of peritumor fat and iodine value in venous phase are independent factors affecting gastric cancer lymph node metastasis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 90-95, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868768

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the use of abdominal enhanced CT imaging and quantitative index analysis in the differential diagnosis of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEH) and hepatic metastasis.Methods A study group of 12 patients with HEH who underwent abdominal enhanced CT scanning at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2014 to October 2018 was retrospectively compared with a control group of 52 patients with hepatic metastases diagnosed clinically and by imaging examinations.The general information and imaging data of these patients were collected and analyzed.Results The lesions in the 2 groups mainly presented as multiple and diffuse lesions.The diffuse lesions of HEH often fused into strips.The hepatic metastasis group showed a higher CT attenuation and TNR in the portal vein phase than the HEH group (P < 0.05).The area under the ROC curves of the two indexes were 0.756 and 0.841 respectively.The centers of the lesions showed almost no or slightly homogeneous enhancement in the HEH group,while the liver metastasis group showed slightly and moderately heterogeneous enhancement,with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).Female,subcapsular distribution,capsular contraction,target ring sign and lollipop sign were independent risk factors for HEH (P <0.05),while a high CT attenuation and TNR in the portal vein phase,elevated tumor markers and lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for liver metastasis on logistic regression analysis (P < 0.05).Conclusions CT attenuation,TNR,central enhancement features in the portal vein phase,special signs and secondary changes of lesions were helpful for the differential diagnosis between HEH and liver metastasis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1085-1088, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868369

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the CT imaging and clinical features of gastritis cystica profunda (GCP) and improve the level of diagnosis.Methods:From June 2015 to August 2019, the clinical and CT imaging data of 9 GCP patients confirmed by pathology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively collected. These 9 GCP patients included 3 male and 6 female, aged from 44 to 66 years, with an avereage age of (59±7) years. All the 9 patients underwent plain and enhanced abdominal CT scan. The location, shape, size, margin, density, enhancement pattern and enhancement degree of the lesions were analyzed and summarized.Results:The lesions are more common in gastric antrum (3 cases) and gastric fundus (3 cases). CT imaging showed thickening gastric wall thickening in 3 cases, circular ovoid or circular mass shadow protruding into the gastric cavity in 6 cases. Solid components were dominant in 2 cases and cystic components were dominant in 7 cases. In arterial phase, solid components showed significantly enhancement in 6 cases and moderate enhancement in 3 cases, while muscle layer of lesions were characterized by mild enhancement in 5 cases and moderate enhancement in 4 cases. In venous phase, solid components illustrated as significantly enhancement in 6 cases with progressive pattern and moderate enhancement in 3 cases, while the muscle layer of lesions were featured as progressive moderate enhancement in 4 cases and there is no significant enhancement in the rest 5 cases whose enhancement degree were similar to that of normal gastric wall. Additionally, the surface of the cyst covered with intact mucosa in 7 cases and in other 2 cases without complete mucosa.Conclusion:On the basis of accurate localization, CT scan could provide rich information including size, shape, internal structure and state around the lesion, which is of great value for the diagnosis of GCP.

20.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1116-1118,1135, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752504

ABSTRACT

Objective ToimprovethediagnosticaccuracybyassessingtheCTfeaturesofganglioneuroblastoma(GNB).Methods 38patientswithGNBconfirmedbypathologicalresultsandunderwentplainandcontrast-enhancedCTscanwereanalyzedretrospectively. Results GNBoftenoccurredinchildren.Allthecasesappearedassolitarylesion,7werelocatedinthemediastinum,12intheadrenal,15inthe retroperitoneal,3inthethoraxcavityand1inthepelviccavity.PlainCTshowed36lesionswithheterogeneouslowdensitywithnecrosisand cysticdegeneration,and28caseswithcalcifications,2withhomogeneouslowdensity.Thesolidlessionofallcasesshowedprogressive enhancement(4casesshowedslightprogressivecontrastenhancement,11casesshowed moderateenhancement,23casesshowed markedlyenhancement).Peripheralvesselsweredisplacedbytumorin19casesandembeddedbytumorin13cases.13casesshowed thepresenceofsmallvesselsin/aroundthetumorarrangedinclumpsorinline.Conclusion ThespecificCTfindingsofheterogeneouslowdensity withnecrosis,calcifications,peripheralvesselsdisplaced,moderatetomarkedlyprogressiveenhancement,mightbeusefulforthediagnosisofGNB.

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