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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 411-413, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between depressive symptoms, negative life events and resilience among primary and secondary school teachers, so as to provide a reference for mental health promotion in school teachers.@*Methods@#During November to December 2022, a questionnaire survey was conducted using convenient cluster sampling method to select 11 332 in service teachers from 38 schools in 8 provinces (cities) including Beijing, Guangdong, Anhui, Hubei, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Liaoning, and Heilongjiang. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 items, a self developed 21-item Adverse Life Events questionnaire, and a 10-item Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale were used to assess depressive symptoms, experiences of negative life events, and resilience levels of the teachers, respectively. The relationship between depressive symptoms, negative life events and psychological resilience were analyzed by multiple linear regression and stratified regression.@*Results@#The detection rate of depressive symptoms among primary and secondary school teachers was 14.0%. Negative life events of primary and secondary school teachers were positively correlated with depressive symptoms ( r =0.35), while psychological resilience was negatively correlated with depressive symptoms ( r =-0.45) ( P <0.05). After adjusting for possible covariates including gender and marital status, negative life events were positively correlated with depressive symptoms ( β=0.22, P <0.01). Resilience played a moderating role in the association of negative life events with depressive symptoms among primary and secondary school teachers ( B=-0.15, P <0.01).@*Conclusions@#Negative life events experiences are associated with higher level of depressive symptoms among school teachers. However, resilience might mitigate the negative effects of negative life events on depressive symptoms, playing a protective role in teachers mental health.

2.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 845-854, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The optimal apolipoprotein or lipid measures for identifying statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at residual cardiovascular risk remain controversial. This study aimed to compare the predictive powers of apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apoB/apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) and non-HDL-C/HDL-C for myocardial infarction (MI) in CAD patients treated with statins in the setting of secondary prevention.@*METHODS@#The study included 9191 statin-treated CAD patients with a five-year median follow-up. All measures were analyzed as continuous variables and concordance/discordance groups by medians. The hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI was estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression. Patients were classified by the clinical presentation of CAD for further analysis.@*RESULTS@#The high-apoB-low-LDL-C and the high-non-HDL-C-low-LDL-C categories yielded HR of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.04-1.88) and 1.51 (95% CI: 1.07-2.13) for MI, respectively, whereas discordant high LDL-C with low apoB or non-HDL-C was not associated with the risk of MI. No association of MI with discordant apoB versus non-HDL-C, apoB/apoA-1 versus apoB, non-HDL-C/HDL-C versus non-HDL-C, or apoB/apoA-1 versus non-HDL-C/HDL-C was observed. Similar patterns were found in patients with acute coronary syndrome. In contrast, no association was observed between any concordance/discordance category and the risk of MI in patients with chronic coronary syndrome.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ApoB and non-HDL-C better predict MI in statin-treated CAD patients than LDL-C, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome. ApoB/apoA-1 and non-HDL-C/HDL-C show no superiority to apoB and non-HDL-C for predicting MI.

3.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 586-595, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010183

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) requiring complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#A total of 2403 patients with DM who underwent complex PCI from January to December 2013 were consecutively enrolled in this observational cohort study and divided according to DAPT duration into a standard group (11-13 months, n = 689) and two prolonged groups (13-24 months, n = 1133; > 24 months, n = 581).@*RESULTS@#Baseline characteristics, angiographic findings, and complexity of PCI were comparable regardless of DAPT duration. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event was lower when DAPT was 13-24 months than when it was 11-13 months or > 24 months (4.6% vs. 8.1% vs. 6.0%, P = 0.008), as was the incidence of all-cause death (1.9% vs. 4.6% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.002) and cardiac death (1.0% vs. 3.0% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.002). After adjustment for confounders, DAPT for 13-24 months was associated with a lower risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.544, 95% CI: 0.373-0.795] and all-cause death (HR = 0.605, 95% CI: 0.387-0.944). DAPT for > 24 months was associated with a lower risk of all-cause death (HR = 0.681, 95% CI: 0.493-0.942) and cardiac death (HR = 0.620, 95% CI: 0.403-0.952). The risk of major bleeding was not increased by prolonging DAPT to 13-24 months (HR = 1.356, 95% CI: 0.766-2.401) or > 24 months (HR = 0.967, 95% CI: 0.682-1.371).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with DM undergoing complex PCI, prolonging DAPT might improve the long-term prognosis by reducing the risk of adverse ischemic events without increasing the bleeding risk.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 37-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics, and further understand primary central nervous system T-cell lymphoma (PCNSTCL) in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of PCNSTCL in children and adolescents were collected from December 2016 to December 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotypic, and molecular pathologic features were analyzed, and relevant literatures reviewed. Results: There were two male and three female patients with a median age of 14 years (range 11 to 18 years). There were two peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified, two anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive and one NK/T cell lymphoma. Pathologically, the tumor cells showed a variable histomorphologic spectrum, including small, medium and large cells with diffuse growth pattern and perivascular accentuation. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization showed CD3 expression in four cases, and CD3 was lost in one case. CD5 expression was lost in four cases and retained in one case. ALK and CD30 were expressed in two cases. One tumor expressed CD56 and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA. All cases showed a cytotoxic phenotype with expression of TIA1 and granzyme B. Three cases had a high Ki-67 index (>50%). T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangement was clonal in two cases. Conclusions: PCNSTCL is rare, especially in children and adolescents. The morphology of PCNSTCL is diverse. Immunohistochemistry and TCR gene rearrangement play important roles in the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Central Nervous System/pathology , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/pathology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/genetics , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 622-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972760

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Improving health literacy can effectively reduce the risk of health risk behaviors and adverse health outcomes in children and adolescents. Global research on health literacy of children and adolescents has been increasing in recent years. The paper reviews the existing research and proposes that there is no universal definition and connotation of health literacy for children and adolescents, most of the studies use or make some revisions on the definition of adult health literacy in child and adolescent health literacy, failing to consider developmental characteristics and unique health needs of children and adolescents. Moreover, the assessment index system and instruments are diversified, making the research findings from different studies difficult to compare, and to obtain consistent and reliable conclusions. Future endeavors are encoouraged to expand health literacy researches and to update more comprehensive and practical definition, and to develop a standardized assessment instrument that can be validated in Chinese culture.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognostic factors of diabetic patients with low or intermediate complexity coronary artery disease (CAD) post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective, single-centre observational study. Consecutive diabetic patients with SYNTAX score (SS)≤32 undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were included in this analysis. The patients were divided into two groups based on SS, namely SS≤22 group and SS 23-32 group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify independent factors related to poor 5-year prognosis. The primary outcomes were cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction, the secondary outcomes were all cause death and revascularization. Results: Of the 3 899 patients included in the study, 2 888 were men (74.1%); mean age was 59.4±9.8 years. There were 3 450 patients in the SS≤22 group and 449 patients in the SS 23-32 group. Compared with SS≤22 group, the incidence of revascularization was higher in SS 23-32 group (18.9% (85/449) vs. 15.2% (524/3450), log-rank P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction between the two groups (log-rank P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08, P<0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR=3.12, 95%CI 1.37-7.07, P=0.007) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr)<60 ml/min (HR=3.67, 95%CI 2.05-6.58, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for 5-year cardiac death, while left ventricular ejection fraction (HR=0.94, 95%CI 0.91-0.96, P<0.001) was a protective factor. Previous PCI (HR=2.04, 95%CI 1.38-3.00, P<0.001), blood glucose level≥11.1 mmol/L on admission (HR=2.49, 95%CI 1.32-4.70, P=0.005) and CCr<60 ml/min (HR=1.85, 95%CI 1.14-2.99, P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 5-year recurrent myocardial infarction. The SS of 23-32 was independently associated with risk of revascularization (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.09-2.16, P=0.014), after adjusting for residual SS. Residual SS was not a risk factor for 5-year prognosis. Conclusions: In diabetic patients with low-or intermediate complexity CAD, SS 23-32 is associated with increased risk of 5-year revascularization; the clinical characteristics of the patients are associated with the long-term mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction, but not related to revascularization.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke Volume , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 450-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and compare the effect of standard or prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on the long-term prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: Consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus, ≥65 years old, underwent DES implantation, and had no adverse events within 1 year after operation underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. These patients were divided into three groups according to DAPT duration: standard DAPT duration group (11 ≤ DAPT duration≤ 13 months) and prolonged DAPT duration group (13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months; DAPT duration>24 months). All the patients were followed up at 1, 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years in order to collect the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and type 2 to 5 bleeding events defined by the Federation of Bleeding Academic Research (BARC). MACCE were consisted of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization or stroke. The incidence of clinical adverse events were compared among 3 different DAPT duration groups, and Cox regression model were used to analyze the effect of different DAPT duration on 5-year long-term prognosis. Results: A total of 1 562 patients were enrolled, aged (70.8±4.5) years, with 398 female (25.5%). There were 467 cases in standard DAPT duration group, 684 cases in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and 411 cases in DAPT duration>24 months group. The patients in standard DAPT duration group and the prolonged DAPT duration groups accounted for 29.9% (467/1 562) and 70.1% (1 095/1 562), respectively. The 5-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of all-cause death in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group (4.8%(33/684) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.011) and DAPT duration>24 month group(4.1%(17/411) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.008) were significantly lower than in standard DAPT group. The incidence of myocardial infarction in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was lower than in standard DAPT duration group (1.9%(13/684) vs. 5.1%(24/467),P=0.002). The incidence of MACCE in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was the lowest (standard DAPT duration group, 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and DAPT duration>24 month group were 19.3% (90/467), 12.3% (84/684), 20.2% (83/411), respectively, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke and bleeding events among the three groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that compared with the standard DAPT group, prolonged DAPT to 13-24 months was negatively correlated with MACCE (HR=0.601, 95%CI 0.446-0.811, P=0.001), all-cause death (HR=0.568, 95%CI 0.357-0.903, P=0.017) and myocardial infarction (HR=0.353, 95%CI 0.179-0.695, P=0.003). DAPT>24 months was negatively correlated with all-cause death (HR=0.687, 95%CI 0.516-0.913, P=0.010) and positively correlated with revascularization (HR=1.404, 95%CI 1.116-1.765, P=0.004). There was no correlation between prolonged DAPT and bleeding events. Conclusions: For elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus underwent DES implantation, and had no MACCE and bleeding events within 1 year after operation, appropriately prolonging of the DAPT duration is related to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular adverse events. Patients may benefit the most from the DAPT between 13 to 24 months. In addition, prolonging DAPT duration does not increase the incidence of bleeding events in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 526-529, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924094

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To preliminarily develop the Infectious Disease Prevention Health Literacy Scale for Chinese Middle School Students, as an important measuring tool for assessment of comprehensive abilities in infectious disease prevention of Chinese middle school students.@*Methods@#The basic dimensional framework and item pool were established by literature review in the view of public health. Then Delphi method was used to modify the framework and item pool to scale 1.0. Panel discussion in middle school students was used to adjust the expression and structure of scale 1.0, turning it into scale 2.0. With the confirmation of theory experts subjects, the scale was preliminarily developed.@*Results@#Literature review suggested that the basic dimension framework included five longitudinal dimensions and seven horizontal dimensions. According to Delphi method ( n =18), the Kendall s coefficient of concordance ( W ) of the scale was equal to 0.14 ( P <0.01), the average importance, proportion of full marks, coefficient of variation and weight coefficient of all dimensions and items met the inclusion criteria. According to panel discussion, the scale was finally adjusted into scale 2.0 with 53 items. @*Conclusion@#This study preliminarily established the Infectious Disease Prevention Health Literacy Scale for Chinese Middle School Students, which might be applied in both scientific research and practical use.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2677-2683, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803225

ABSTRACT

Background@#Trocar-site hernia (TSH) is a serious complication after laparoscopic procedures. Although it is a rare entity, it can have life-threatening consequences. This study aimed to retrospectively analyze the potential associated factors for TSH following gynecologic laparoscopy and summarize prevention strategies based on our experience.@*Methods@#We searched for gynecological laparoscopic surgeries in the medical records system of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) from August 1998 to July 2018 and further sifted through the results for cases involving TSH. All included patients were divided into different groups according to patient characteristics, and the rate of TSH was compared among groups. Moreover, the detailed information of all patients with TSH was recorded and analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed with GraphPad Prism 6.@*Results@#The approximate total rate of post-operative TSH among gynecologic laparoscopy procedures performed at PUMCH in the last 20 years was 0.016% (9/55,244). The rate of TSH was significant higher in elder patients (≥60 years old; 3/2686, 0.112%) than in younger patients (<60 years old, 6/52,558; 0.011%, P = 0.008). Moreover, the approximate rate of TSH was significantly higher after single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS, 2/534, 0.357%) than conventional laparoscopic surgery (7/54,710, 0.013%, P = 0.003). The average age of patients with TSH was 53.4 years (range, 35.0-79.0 years). Two of the nine patients had late-onset TSH following SILS; the other seven had early-onset TSH following conventional laparoscopy. Five TSH cases occurred at right lateral port sites, and the remaining three occurred at the umbilical port site. All patients underwent repair surgery, and one required small bowel resection.@*Conclusion@#Older age and SILS are potential associated factors for TSH development, while reducing excessive manipulation and improving suturing skills, especially at the umbilical trocar site following SILS and the right lateral trocar site, can avoid herniation.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2677-2683, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774872

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Trocar-site hernia (TSH) is a serious complication after laparoscopic procedures. Although it is a rare entity, it can have life-threatening consequences. This study aimed to retrospectively analyze the potential associated factors for TSH following gynecologic laparoscopy and summarize prevention strategies based on our experience.@*METHODS@#We searched for gynecological laparoscopic surgeries in the medical records system of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) from August 1998 to July 2018 and further sifted through the results for cases involving TSH. All included patients were divided into different groups according to patient characteristics, and the rate of TSH was compared among groups. Moreover, the detailed information of all patients with TSH was recorded and analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed with GraphPad Prism 6.@*RESULTS@#The approximate total rate of post-operative TSH among gynecologic laparoscopy procedures performed at PUMCH in the last 20 years was 0.016% (9/55,244). The rate of TSH was significant higher in elder patients (≥60 years old; 3/2686, 0.112%) than in younger patients (<60 years old, 6/52,558; 0.011%, P = 0.008). Moreover, the approximate rate of TSH was significantly higher after single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS, 2/534, 0.357%) than conventional laparoscopic surgery (7/54,710, 0.013%, P = 0.003). The average age of patients with TSH was 53.4 years (range, 35.0-79.0 years). Two of the nine patients had late-onset TSH following SILS; the other seven had early-onset TSH following conventional laparoscopy. Five TSH cases occurred at right lateral port sites, and the remaining three occurred at the umbilical port site. All patients underwent repair surgery, and one required small bowel resection.@*CONCLUSION@#Older age and SILS are potential associated factors for TSH development, while reducing excessive manipulation and improving suturing skills, especially at the umbilical trocar site following SILS and the right lateral trocar site, can avoid herniation.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2193-2204, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) are involved in endometriosis, but the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) is unknown. The aim of the study was to explore the correlation between miRNA and ER/PR in uterine tissues of rats with endometriosis during the implantation window.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized in three groups: endometriosis (n = 7), fat tissue control (n = 6), and normal (n = 7) groups. The female rats were mated and sacrificed on day 5 (implantation). Uterine tissues were obtained for hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, and miRNA expression. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to validate the expression of rno-miR-29c-3p, rno-miR-34c-5p, rno-miR-141-5p, rno-miR-24-1-5p, and rno-miR-490-5p.</p><p><b>Results</b>The 475 miRNAs were found to differentially express between the endometriosis and normal control groups, with 127 being upregulated and 348 being downregulated. Expression of five miRNAs (rno-miR-29c-3p, rno-miR-34c-5p, rno-miR-141-5p, rno-miR-24-1-5p, and rno-miR-490-5p) were validated by RT-PCR and found to be differentially expressed among the three groups. Expression of ER and PR proteins (immunohistochemistry) in the glandular epithelium and endometrial stroma was significantly different among the three groups (all P < 0.05). Five miRNAs were involved in pathways probably taking part in implantation and fertility.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The results suggested that miRNAs, ER, and PR could play important roles in the embryo implantation period of rats with endometriosis. These miRNAs might play a role in endometrial receptivity in endometriosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Rats , China , Disease Models, Animal , Endometriosis , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, Progesterone , Metabolism , Sperm Motility
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2899-2905, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324719

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Prior studies have reported controversial conclusions regarding the risk of adverse cardiovascular events in patients using proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) combined with clopidogrel therapy, causing much uncertainty in clinical practice. We sought to evaluate the safety of PPIs use among high-risk cardiovascular patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a long-term follow-up study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 7868 consecutive patients who had undergone PCI and received dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) at a single center from January 2013 to December 2013 were enrolled. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation inhibition was measured by modified thromboelastography (mTEG) in 5042 patients. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to control differing baseline factors. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the 2-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), as well as individual events, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, unplanned target vessel revascularization, stent thrombosis, and stroke.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the whole cohort, 27.2% were prescribed PPIs. The ADP-induced platelet aggregation inhibition by mTEG was significantly lower in PPI users than that in non-PPI users (42.0 ± 30.9% vs. 46.4 ± 31.4%, t = 4.435, P < 0.001). Concomitant PPI use was not associated with increased MACCE through 2-year follow-up (12.7% vs. 12.5%, χ2 = 0.086, P = 0.769). Other endpoints showed no significant differences after multivariate adjustment, regardless of PSM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In this large cohort of real-world patients, the combination of PPIs with DAPT was not associated with increased risk of MACCE in patients who underwent PCI at up to 2 years of follow-up.</p>

13.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 605-610,617, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664031

ABSTRACT

Objective Epidemiological studies have suggested that alcohol drinking is closely associated with di-verse tumor development, but fewer laboratory studies or mechanism analysis is made. Our study aims to explore the effect of alcohol on the tumorigenicity and metastasis of breast cancer in nude mice in vivo and on the malignant behavior in vitro, and whether it is related to endoplasmic reticulum stress ( ERS) . Methods We first established the nude mouse model of breast cancer with chronic alcohol consumption (2%) and to detect the effects of ethanol on tumor growth and metastasis. We also observed the changes of malignant biological behavior of EO771 cells in cell culture induced by chronic alcohol treatment (0. 2%) using MTT, Transwell and soft agar tests, and detect the expression of ROS and ERS marker, i. e. p?eIF2a, Bip, and XBP1?s. Results The in vivo experiment showed that alcohol drinking enhanced the growth and metasta?ses of breast cancer in nude mice. The in vitro test showed that chronic exposure to ethanol also promoted the cell prolifera?tion and migration ability, increased the ROS expression, activated ERS pathway, and enhanced the expression of p?eIF2a, Bip and XBP1?s. Conclusions Alcohol drinking may promote the malignant behavior of breast cancer cells through endo?plasmic reticulum stress.

14.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 694-698, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667491

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of MR T2 mapping imaging in evaluation of the effection of Zhitong-Jiangu recipes in treatment of cartilage injury in osteoarthritis.Methods The models of osteoarthritis in the knee of New Zealand white rabbits were made with intra-articular injection of papain.Totally 48 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into normal control group,model control group,glucosamine hydrochloride treatment group and Zhitong-Jiangu recipes treatment group.MR T2 mapping was performed on the knee and the content of MMP-1 in articular cartilage was analyzed with immunohistochemistry 4 weeks after treatment.The differences of T2 value and MMP-1 content of articular cartilage among the four groups were compared.The correlation among the different intervention methods,MMP-1 content of articular cartilage and the T2 value of articular cartilage were analyzed.Results T2 value of articular cartilage in the model control group was significantly higher than that in the other three groups (all P<0.01),and there was no significant difference of T2 value among the other three groups.The MMP-1 content of articular cartilage in glucosamine hydrochloride treatment group and Zhitong-Jiangu recipes treatment group was lower than that in model control group (both P<0.05),and was higher than that in normal control group (both P<0.05).There was no significant difference between the two groups.The relationship between MMP-1 content and T2 value of articular cartilage was nonlinear.With the increase of MMP-1 content,T2 value first increased slowly and then increased rapidly (P<0.05).Conclusion MR T2 mapping imaging is helpful to evaluating the efficacy of Zhitong-Jiangu recipes in treatment of cartilage injury in osteoarthritis in rabbit models.The relationship between MMP-1 content and T2 value of articular cartilage may be nonlinear.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 154-163, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304504

ABSTRACT

Phosphatases play a key role not only in cell physiological functions of an organism, but also in host-pathogen interactions. Many studies demonstrated that some Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria could evade host immunity and promote pathogenicity by injecting phosphatases into host cells through type III secretion system. However, there were few reports about pathogenic fungi evading the immunity of hosts. Our researches indicated that the entomogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae could dephosphorylate the signal transduction substance of locust humoral immunity specifically in vitro by secreting extracellular protein tyrosine phosphatase, which implied that the fungus might interfere with the immune defense of locust. To provide reference for further studies of the functions of phosphatases, we reviewed the types of phosphatases and their roles in pathogen infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fungal Proteins , Metabolism , Fungi , Physiology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Physiology , Grasshoppers , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Metarhizium , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases , Classification , Physiology , Bodily Secretions
16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 536-539, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A phase II study was conducted to test the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of cisplatin, 5-Fu and nimotuzumab, as induction treatment of resectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty cases of resectable HNSCC were treated with nimotuzumab (400 mg on day 1) combined with PF regimens (cisplatin 75 mg/m² on days 1 and 5-Fu 750 mg/m² on days 1-5 q3wks). After 2 cycles, an organ-preservation local therapy (surgery or radiotherapy) was recommended. The primary endpoints of this study were overall response rate, pathologic complete response and safety of the induction treatment. Mean age of 40 patients was 54 years old, of them 9 patients with oropharyngeal cancer (22.5%), 16 hypopharyngeal cancer (40.0%), 10 laryngeal cancer (25.0%), and 5 oral cancer (12.5%).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With a 2-cycle induction treatment, 34 (85.0%) patients achieved complete or partial response. Twenty-four patients (60.0%) got downstage, with T downstage in 21 (52.5%) patients and N downstage in 8 (20.0%) patients. Totally 27 patients got surgery after the induction treatment, of them 20 patients (74.1%) preserved organ functions. Four patients' primary tumors (10.0% in all 40 patients and 14.8% in operated 27 patients) showed pathologically complete responses. The toxicity was mild and manageable. The most common grade 3/4 toxicities were neutropenia (5.0%), nausea/vomiting (2.5%), stomatitis (2.5%) and thrombocytopenia (2.5%). One patient got grade 2 renal insufficiency and one patient got grade 1 skin rash.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For resectable HNSCC, nimotuzumab plus PF regimen as induction treatment is highly effective for preserving the organ function and the toxicities are well tolerable.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Therapeutics , Cisplatin , Combined Modality Therapy , Fluorouracil , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Therapeutics
17.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 347-349, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416589

ABSTRACT

Objective To monitor the protective qualities of personal protective appliances and to ensure the health and safety of radiological working personnel.Methods The lead-equivalent thickness of personal protective appliances and materials was measured by means of standard lead slices.The lead equivalent thickness represents in terms of mm Pb.Results 77 pieces of products and samples were measured altogether.The results indicate that the specific lead equivalents of lead-rubber plates were between 0.20-0.39 mm Pb/mm for 37 pieces of lead-rubber plates and the values of 6 pieces of samples were less than 0.25 mm Pb/mm,which did not accord with the requirement of the relational standard.27 pieces of personal protection appliances were measured altogether.They were 12 pieces of protective clothes,4 pieces of protective headgears,5 pieces of protective neckpieces,4 pieces of protective gloves and 2 pieces of protective masks.13 pairs of lead-glass spectacles among them were measured altogether.The measured results for personal protective appliances and lead-glass spectacles showed that actually measured lead-equivalent were higher than the nominal lead-equivalent.Conclusions The protective qualities are reliable for personal protection materials and appliances to be made in home and imported abroad.But the protective qualities of interventional protection gloves should be improved and made them better.

18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 524-528, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337717

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study is to investigate the expression of a novel estrogen receptor, G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) and its correlation with matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Ovary tissues were obtained from 39 female patients, including 30 cases of EOC and 9 cases of benign ovarian tumor. Four normal ovary tissues were used as control. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expressions of GPR30 and MMP-9. Chi square test, Fisher's exact test and Spearman's rank correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. The results showed that GPR30 overexpression rate in EOC cases was significantly higher than those in benign ovarian tumor and normal ovary cases. Whereas MMP-9 overexpression rate in EOC cases was significantly higher than that in normal ovary cases, without any difference to that in benign ovarian tumor cases. To demonstrate the relationship between GPR30 and clinicopathological variables of EOC, we further analyzed the pathology type, FIGO stage and age of patients sampled in our study. The analysis showed there were significant differences of GPR30 overexpression rate among various pathology types and different FIGO stages (P<0.05), and no significant difference of both GPR30 and MMP-9 among three age groups (P>0.05). Moreover, GPR30 expression was positively correlated with MMP-9 (r(s)=1.000, P=0.002). These results suggest that GPR30 may be involved in the invasion and metastasis of EOC, being a potential index of EOC early diagnosis and malignancy grade prediction.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial , Metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms , Metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676125

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the outcome of emergency repair traumatized limbs by vascularized free tissue transplantation.Methods From April 1988 to August 2004,86 patients,58 men and 28 women,had undergone emergency vascularized free tissue transplantation to have their injured limbs repaired in 54 cases and the missing thumbs reconstructed in 32.The patients aged from 5 to 55 (mean 27.9) years. The transplants included latissimus dorsi myocutaneons flap,anterolateral femoral skin flap,medial crural skin flaps,dorsal pedal flaps,medial plantar flap,composite tissue mass of the discarded limbs and big toe skin- nail flap.The operations were performed 1 to 5 days after injuries.Results Postoperative vascular crises occurred in 8 cases and were all followed by exploration with successes in 5 cases while failure in 3.The total survival rate of the transplants was 96.5% (83/86).In this series all the patients were followed up for 1 to 16 years with a mean of 7.5 years only to reveal satisfying functional recovery in all the repaired limbs and an ex- cellent and good rate of 87.5% in the reconstructed thumbs.Conclusion Emergency vascularized free tis- sue transplantation is an effective way to repair a traumatized limb and to reconstruct a traumatically missing thumb.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 572-575, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354823

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the impact of an agonist anti-CD(40) monoclonal antibody 5C11 on the induction and biological characteristics of leukemic dendritic cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Combinations of 5C11 and different cytokines were used to induce differentiation of leukemic blasts into dendritic cells. Morphology was observed by light microscopy. Surface antigens of the induced cells were analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), the yields of dendritic cell by cell counting, the levels of IL-6 and IL-12 by ELISA, T cell proliferating activity by allo-mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) in vitro. Allogeneic T cells were stimulated with leukemic dendritic cells and T-cell cytotoxicity was measured by MTT assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When cultured with combinations of 5C11 and different cytokines, the leukemic cells isolated from the patients could differentiate into dendritic cells. The morphology showed typical features of dendritic cells, which expressed high levels of CD(40), CD(80) and CD(86). In comparison with the original leukemia cells, the leukemic dendritic cells secreted less IL-6 but more IL-12 (P < 0.05). The leukemic dendritic cells were potent to stimulate the proliferation of allogeneic T cells, and the latter was able to lyse the original leukemia cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Leukemic blasts could be induced to differentiate into functional dendritic cells. It may be of great value in the adoptive immunologic therapy of leukemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , CD40 Antigens , Physiology , Cell Differentiation , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Immunophenotyping , Immunotherapy , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-6 , Leukemia , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Therapeutics
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