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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL). Methods: A retrospective cohort study.Clinical data, treatment and prognosis of 28 cases of IALL who have been treated at Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University and Baoding Children's Hospital from October 2013 to May 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Based on the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), all patients were divided into KMT2A gene rearrangement (KMT2A-R) positive group and KMT2A-R negative group. The prognosis of two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-Rank test were used to analyze the survival of the patients. Results: Among 28 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 18 females, with the onset age of 10.9 (9.4,11.8) months. In terms of immune classification, 25 cases were B-ALL (89%), while the remaining 3 cases were T-ALL (11%). Most infant B-ALL showed pro-B lymphocyte phenotype (16/25,64%). A total of 22 cases (79%) obtained chromosome karyotype results, of which 7 were normal karyotypes, no complex karyotypes and 15 were abnormal karyotypes were found. Among abnormal karyotypes, there were 4 cases of t (9; 11), 2 cases of t (4; 11), 2 cases of t (11; 19), 1 case of t (1; 11) and 6 cases of other abnormal karyotypes. A total of 19 cases (68%) were positive for KMT2A-R detected by FISH. The KMT2A fusion gene was detected by real-time PCR in 16 cases (57%). A total of 24 patients completed standardized induction chemotherapy and were able to undergo efficacy evaluation, 23 cases (96%) achieved complete remission through induction chemotherapy, 4 cases (17%) died of relapse. The 5-year event free survival rate (EFS) was (46±13)%, and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was (73±10)%.The survival time was 31.3 (3.3, 62.5) months. There was no significant statistical difference in 5-year EFS ((46±14)% vs. (61±18)%) and 5-year OS ((64±13)% vs. (86±13)%) between the KMT2A-R positive group (15 cases) and the KMT2A-R negative group (9 cases) (χ2=1.88, 1.47, P=0.170, 0.224). Conclusions: Most IALL patients were accompanied by KMT2A-R. They had poor tolerance to traditional chemotherapy, the relapse rate during treatment was high and the prognosis was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Abnormal Karyotype , Recurrence
2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 614-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996471

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To study the effect of Tangeretin on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the tumor stemness, and to find the molecular mechanism of its effect. Methods    We used cell counting and cell cloning experiments to study the effect of Tangeretin on the proliferation of NSCLC cells in vitro. The effect of Tangeretin on the invasion of NSCLC cells was detected by transwell assay. We detected the effect of Tangeretin on the proliferation of NSCLC cells in vivo by nude mouse tumor-bearing experiment. The effect of Tangeretin on tumor stemness of NSCLC cells was detected by self-renew assay, and CD133 and Nanog protein expressions. The expressions of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blotting (WB). Results    Tangeretin had a good inhibitory effect on the proliferation of NSCLC cells in vivo and in vitro. Cell counting experiment, clonal formation experiment and nude mouse tumor-bearing experiment showed that Tangeretin could inhibit the proliferation activity, clonal formation ability, and tumor size of NSCLC cells in vivo. Self-renew experiments showed that Tangeretin could inhibit the self-renew ability of NSCLC cells. WB experiments showed that Tangeretin inhibited the expressions of tumor stemness markers CD133 and Nanog in NSCLC cells. Tangeretin could inhibit the activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway-related proteins in NSCLC cells, and the activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway could partially remit the inhibitory  effect of Tangeretin on tumor stemness of NSCLC cells. Conclusion    Tangeretin can inhibit the tumor stemness of NSCLC cells, which may be related to the regulation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996189

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women. It is particularly important to seek targeted therapy other than surgery, chemoradiotherapy, endocrine therapy. With the continuous exploration of tumor immunotherapy, more and more therapeutic targets have been discovered. This paper reviews therapeutic targets of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) and the application in breast cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 521-526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological features of de novo early colorectal cancer and to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment.Methods:Patients with de novo early colorectal cancer who underwent endoscopic resection in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2020 to May 2022 were enrolled. The baseline data, endoscopic manifestations, treatment methods, postoperative pathological results and prognosis of the patients were collected retrospectively.Results:A total of 33 patients with de novo early colorectal cancer were enrolled with the age of 62.67 ± 8.62 years, and the male to female ratio was 7.25∶1. The long diameter of lesions was 0.96 ± 0.36 cm. The lesion morphology was mainly superficial phenotype (type 0-Ⅱ), accounting for 72.7% (24/33). Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed in 29 cases and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was performed in 4 cases. Postoperative pathology showed that 11 cases (33.3%) were well differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, of which the superficial submucosal layer was invaded in 2 cases. Twenty cases (60.6%) were moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, of which the superficial submucosa layer was invaded in 5 cases and the deep submucosa layer in 15 cases. Two cases (6.1%) were moderately-poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, where the deep submucosa layer was invaded in both. There was significant correlation between the depth of invasion and the degree of differentiation ( P<0.001), and moderately and moderately-poorly differentiated lesions were more likely to invade the deep submucosa layer. The en bloc resection rate was 100.0% (33/33), the complete resection rate was 97.0% (32/33), and the curative resection rate was 42.4% (14/33). Among the 19 patients who did not achieve curative resection, 13 patients received supplementary surgical treatment. No tumor residue or lymph node metastasis was found in the postoperative pathology. All patients were followed up for 3-25 months, and no signs of local recurrence or metastasis were found. Conclusion:Most de novo early colorectal cancers are superficial phenotype under endoscopy. The pathology is mainly moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic resection of de novo early colorectal cancer shows encouraging short-term efficacy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 431-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, characteristics under white-light endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography, and treatment strategies of gastritis cystica profunda (GCP) accompanied with or without neoplastic lesions.Methods:Clinical data of 35 patients, who were pathologically diagnosed as having GCP after endoscopic or surgical resection in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to February 2021, were retrospectively collected, including 27 patients with neoplastic lesions. The demographic information, clinical manifestations, endoscopic features, treatment methods, and pathological results of GCP were summarized.Results:Thirty-five patients with GCP were 68.26±8.08 years old, and mostly male (80.00%, 28/35). The most common symptom was upper abdominal pain, accounting for 31.43% (11/35), and 25.71% (9/35) had no symptoms. Other symptoms included acid reflux, heartburn, abdominal distension, anemia, and choking sensation after eating. The most common site of GCP was cardia (51.43%, 18/35), and the main endoscopic manifestations of GCP were flat mucosal lesions (68.57%, 24/35), mainly 0-Ⅱa and 0-Ⅱa+Ⅱc type lesions, accounting for 66.67% (16/24). The second common endoscopic manifestation was polypoid eminence (20.00%, 7/35). Endoscopic ultrasonography was performed in 15 patients, with main manifestations of uniform hypoechoic with or without cystic echo (73.33%, 11/15). Among the GCP cases, 33 patients received endoscopic resection, and 2 received surgical treatment. The treatment processes were all successfully completed, and en-bloc resection was accomplished for all lesions receiving endoscopy, with the mean endoscopic operation time of 86.13 min. One patient suffered postoperative delayed bleeding after ESD which was stopped by endoscopic hemostasis. Final pathological results showed that the proportion of GCP complicated with neoplastic lesions was 77.14% (27/35), 68.57% (24/35) with early gastric cancer or precursor. Twenty-three cases achieved R0 resection. One case showed positive basal resection margin and vascular invasion, and recurrence happened in situ at the 5th month of follow-up, surgical resection was then performed. The endoscopic complete resection rate was 95.83% (23/24).Conclusion:GCP usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly male, often located in cardia, manifested mainly as flat mucosal lesions and polypoid changes. Endoscopic ultrasonography shows a high diagnostic value for GCP, and endoscopic treatment is safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for GCP.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 270-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of domestic and imported hemostatic clips in preventing delayed post-polypectomy bleeding (DPPB) after endoscopic resection of colorectal polyps ≥ 10 mm.Methods:Clinical data of 789 patients who underwent endoscopic resection of colorectal polyps (polyp diameter ≥10 mm) in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2018 to December 2019 were collected. The patients were divided into DPPB group ( n=15) and non-DPPB group ( n=774). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the influential factors for DPPB. The patients using one type of hemostatic clip were divided into the domestic hemostatic clip group ( n=499) and the imported hemostatic clip group ( n=208). The efficacy of hemostatic clips in preventing DPPB in the two groups was compared. Results:Among the 789 patients undergoing endoscopic resection of colorectal polyps, 1.9% (15/789) suffered from DPPB. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pedunculated polyp was an independent risk factor for DPPB ( OR=6.621, 95% CI: 2.278-19.241, P=0.001), and closure of mucosal defect was an independent protective factor for DPPB ( OR=0.169,95% CI: 0.050-0.570, P=0.004). Regardless of physician experience, there was no significant difference between the domestic and imported hemostatic clip group in preventing DPPB after endoscopic resection of colorectal polyps ≥10 mm [experienced physicians: 1.8% (7/385) VS 0.6% (1/175), χ2=1.314, P=0.445; common physicians: 2.6% (3/114) VS 3.0% (1/33), χ2=0.010, P>0.999]. The domestic hemostatic clip group paid for less medical expenses than the imported hemostatic clip group (experienced physicians: 1 433.51±889.02 yuan VS 3 033.97±1 686.87 yuan, t<0.001 , P<0.001; common physicians: 1 181.58±815.29 yuan VS 3 303.46±1 690.43 yuan, t<0.001 ,P<0.001). Conclusion:Pedunculated polyp is an independent risk factor for DPPB after endoscopic resection of colorectal polyp larger than 10 mm, and clipping can significantly reduce the risk for DPPB. There is no significant difference in the prevention of DPPB between domestic and imported clips, but domestic clips compared with imported clips yield less medical burden, which are suitable for promotion to primary hospitals and major clinical centers.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of three-dimensional (3D) imaging device to colonoscopy.Methods:A total of 60 patients who underwent painless colonoscopy in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from November to December, 2019 were enrolled and divided into 2 groups according to random code. Each patient underwent colonoscopy twice, while 2D colonoscopy was used for cecal intubation. Thirty patients were assigned to the experimental group (primary withdrawal used 3D colonoscopy, and secondary withdrawal used 2D colonoscopy), and 30 others to the control group (primary withdrawal used 2D colonoscopy, and secondary withdrawal used 3D colonoscopy). The detection of polyps, the withdrawal time, operating experience, image quality and complication were evaluated in the two groups.Results:The polyp detection rate at the first colonoscopy in the experimental group was 77.3% (17/22), which was higher than 43.5% (10/23) in the control group ( χ2=5.351, P=0.021). Ten operators in the experimental group had dizziness, while the operators in the control group had no dizziness ( P=0.001). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the polyp diameter [0.50 (0.70) cm VS 0.30 (0.20) cm, U=57.000, P=0.170], withdrawal time (4.6±1.5 min VS 5.2±1.9 min, t=-1.189, P=0.239) or image quality (27 cases with 3 points in the identification of lesion nature, and 28 cases with 3 points in the identification of duct both in the two groups, P=1.000) at the first colonoscopy. No complication occurred in either group. Conclusion:Application of 3D imaging device is feasible for colonoscopic polyp detection, and it can be used in clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 104-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995365

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of hemoclips on preventing delayed bleeding for early gastric cancer (EGC) after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Methods:Clinical data of 459 patients who underwent ESD for EGC in Beijing Friendship Hospital from June 2013 to August 2020 were collected retrospectively. Patients were divided into group A (hemoclip group, n=162) and group B (non-hemoclip group, n=297) according to whether preventive hemostatic clip treatment was performed after resection. Delayed bleeding within 2 weeks after ESD was observed. Univariate analysis and subgroup analysis were conducted for the delayed bleeding incidence and clinicopathological features. Results:Delayed bleeding incidences of group A and group B were 3.1% (5/162) and 8.1% (24/297) with significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.418, P=0.036). Subgroup analysis showed that there were significant differences in the delayed bleeding incidence between the two groups when the diameter of the tumor >20 mm [3.5% (2/57) VS 15.3% (13/85), χ2=5.016, P=0.025], the tumor located in the lower part of the stomach [1.0% (1/97) VS 10.4% (20/192), χ2=8.425, P=0.004], and the depth of tumor invasion was M/SM1 [3.2% (5/157) VS 8.1% (23/285), χ2=4.072, P=0.044]. There were no significant differences in the delayed bleeding incidence between group A and group B when the diameter of the tumor ≤20 mm, the tumor located in the upper/medial part of the stomach and the depth of tumor invasion was SM2 ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Hemoclips can prevent delayed bleeding after ESD for EGC, which is mainly observed in a tumor of diameter >20 mm, located in the lower part of the stomach and M/SM1 tumor invasion. It has little effect on the prevention when the tumor diameter ≤20 mm and located in the upper/medial part of the stomach.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 525-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the status of T, B and NK lymphocytes in peripheral blood of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection and low-level viremia after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment and to provide ideas for solving low-level viremia.Methods:This retrospective study involved 344 patients with chronic HBV infection who had been treated with NAs. They were divided into two groups: low-level viremia group (LLV group) and complete virological response group (CVR group). Clinical data including basic information, biochemistry and coagulation test results, HBV DNA, peripheral blood lymphocyte counts, PD1 and CD28 expression by T lymphocytes, and perforin and granzyme B expression by NK lymphocytes were collected and compared between the two groups. Propensity matching analysis was performed to verify the accuracy of the results.Results:Among the 344 cases, 162 were in the LLV group and 182 in the CVR group. There were no significant differences in disease diagnosis, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or albumin (ALB) level between the two groups ( P>0.05), but the differences in gender and age were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte and CD4 + /CD8 + ratios between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05), but the expression of PD1 and CD28 by peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes was higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes in the LLV group was higher than that in the CVR group ( P>0.05), and the percentage of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes was also higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of perforin in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P>0.05). The percentage of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of granzyme B in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P<0.05). After propensity score matching, 108 cases in the LLV group and 108 cases in the CVR group showed no significant differences in basic information ( P>0.05); the percentage of CD4 + T lymphocytes and CD4 + /CD8 + ratio in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group, while the percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes was lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the expression of PD1 and CD28 by CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes remained higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes as well as CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05); no significant difference in the expression of perforin by CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes was found between the two groups ( P>0.05), and the expression of granzyme B remained lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal number and function of T lymphocytes and decreased function of NK lymphocytes might be related to the development of LLV in patients with chronic HBV infection after treatment. Therefore, in addition to adjusting NAs, targeting of T and NK lymphocytes might also be a feasible measure for future LLV treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 247-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical features, X-ray, CT, MRI imaging findings of C 3, 4 single segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy among the elderly group, the middle-aged group and the young group. Methods:The medical records and imaging data of 51 cases of single segment C 3, 4 cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 10 cases in the young group, including 8 males and 2 females, 23-44 years, with an average age of 35.8±7.62 years; 14 cases in the middle-aged group, including 9 males and 5 females, 48-60 years, with an average age of 53.21±4.14 years; 27 cases in the elderly group, including 24 males and 3 females, 61-84 years, with an average age of 68.04±5.97 years. Based on the medical record data, the differences in clinical manifestations among the three groups (initial symptoms, symptom distribution, pathological sign distribution and JOA score) were analyzed. Based on the imaging data, the static factors (cervical osteophyte, alignment and thickness of cervical ligamentum flavum) and dynamic factors [overall cervical range of motion (ROM), individual segment cervical ROM, cervical instability and cervical nuchal ligament calcification] were analyzed. Anatomical factors (C 2-C 7 Cobb angle, C 4-C 7 Cobb angle, C 3 vertebral canal diameter, C 4 vertebral diameter, C 3 Pavlov ratio, C 4 Pavlov ratio) and spinal cord compression (spinal cord signal, compression position and compression nature) were also analyzed. Results:There were no statistically significant difference in gender distribution and height in three groups of patients ( P>0.05). In terms of clinical manifestations, there were statistically significant differences among the three groups in initial symptoms and chief symptoms ( P<0.05). The elderly group had upper limb weakness as the first symptom, lower limb weakness and abnormal gait as the chief complaint; the middle-aged group had upper limb numbness as the first symptom, upper limb numbness and weakness as the chief complaint; the young group had upper limb pain as the first symptom, upper limb numbness as the chief complaint. There were statistically significant differences in Hoffmann sign and Babinski sign among the three groups ( P<0.05). Hoffmann sign and Babinski sign were more common in the elderly group than in the young group ( P<0.05). There were significant differences among the three groups in total JOA score, JOA score of motor and lower limb motor JOA ( P<0.05). The total JOA score in the elderly group was lower than that in the young group ( P<0.05), especially for motor JOA score ( P<0.05), and lower limb motor JOA score ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in first symptoms distribution, symptoms distribution, biceps reflex, triceps reflex, radial reflex or knee tendon reflex among the three groups ( P>0.05). In terms of static factors, there was significant difference in alignment and thickness of cervical ligamentum flavum among the three groups (P<0.05). The elderly group was more prone to slip than the young and middle aged groups ( P<0.05). The thickness of ligamentum flavum in the elderly group (2.18±0.68 mm) was thicker than that in the young group (1.60±0.30 mm) and the middle-elderly group (1.60±0.62 mm) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cervical osteophyte among the three groups ( P>0.05). In terms of dynamic factors, there were statistically significant difference in C 3-C 7 ROM, C 4-C 7 ROM, C 3, 4 ROM and ossification of nuchal ligament among the three groups ( P<0.05). In the elderly group, C 3-C 7 ROM (22.18°) was larger than that in the young group (21.27°) ( P<0.05), while in the elderly group C 4-C 7 ROM (9.60°) was smaller than that in the young group (14.19°) ( P<0.05). In the elderly group, C 3, 4 ROM (15.30°) was larger than that in the young group (9.97°) ( P<0.05), and the elderly group was more prone to nuchal ligament calcification than the young and the middle-elderly group ( P<0.05). There were no significant difference among the three groups in C 4, 5 ROM, C 5, 6 ROM, C 6, 7 ROM or cervical instability ( P>0.05). For spinal cord compression, there were statistically significant differences among the three groups in the compression nature, compression location and MRI T2WI spinal cord signal ( P<0.05). The elderly group was more prone to anterior and posterior bony compression. The elderly group was more likely to show high signal intensity on spinal cord MRI T2WI than the young group ( P<0.05). For anatomical factors, there were statistically significant differences in C 2-C 7 Cobb, C 3 vertebral diameter and C 3 Pavolv among the three groups ( P<0.05) . The C 2-C 7 Cobb of the elderly group (21.06°) was larger than that of the young group (16.45°) ( P<0.05), and the C 3 diameter of the elderly group (9.61±0.33 mm) was smaller than that of the young group (10.38±1.19 mm) ( P<0.05). The C 3 Pavolv of the elderly group (0.52±0.03) was lower than that of the young group (0.59±0.11) ( P<0.05). In the presence of lordosis, C 4-C 7 Cobb in the elderly group (4.96°±4.05°) was smaller than that in the young group (12.42°±4.83°) and the middle-aged group (10.07°±6.14°) ( P<0.05). In the presence of kyphosis, C 4-C 7 Cobb in the elderly group (4.02°±1.19°) was larger than that in the young group (0.06°±0.01°) and the middle-aged group (1.83°±0.93°) ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in C 3-C 7 Cobb, C 4 vertebral diameter or C 4 Pavolv among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Young patients mostly have anteriorly soft compression of disc herniation, and most of them complain of neck and upper limb pain, while spinal cord compression and clinical manifestations are relatively mild. For the elderly patients, most of them have C 3 retrolisthesis, with the pinching type bony compression of spinal cord from both anteriorly and posteriorly, and their complaints are usually upper limb numbness, mostly accompanied by radiographically severe spinal cord compression and clinically gait abnormalities. In the middle-aged patients, the rigid compression of anterior calcified disc herniation is the main reason, and the numbness of upper limb is the chief complain.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 87-93, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of metabolic parameters of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ( 18F-FDG) positron emission computed tomography/computed tomography(PET/CT) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) treated with first-line immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) combined with chemotherapy. Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate patients with advanced NSCLC who underwent baseline PET/CT before treatment at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2019 to 2021. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the cut-offs for metabolic parameters of PET/CT, including total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), and maximum standard uptake value (SUV max). Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test, and Cox regression model were used to calculate the overall survival (OS) and the progression-free survival(PFS). Results:A total of 44 patients were enrolled. Univariate analysis showed that the factors influencing PFS were TMTV and the number of metastatic sites ( χ2=4.19, 11.28, P<0.05) and the factors influencing OS were TMTV and TLG ( χ2=14.96, 6.05, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis suggested that number of metastatic sites was an independent prognostic marker for PFS ( P=0.011) and TMTV was an independent prognostic marker for OS ( P=0.038). Conclusions:TMTV is a prognostic indicator of OS while the number of metastatic sites is a prognostic indicator of PFS in advanced NSCLC patients who received first-line ICI combined with chemotherapy, but further prospective studies are needed.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 63-67, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the conventional quality control result of Leksell Icon Gamma Knife cone-beam CT and evaluate long-term stability of cone-bem CT.Methods:QA TOOL Plus was used to verify the accuracy of cone-beam CT. The phantom Catphan 503 was scanned, and the image spatial resolution, contrast to noise ratio and homogeneity were analyzed.Results:The maximum deviation in image volume of cone-beam CT was 0.09-0.17 mm, which passed the accuracy test. At the scanning patterns with CT dose index of 2.5 and 6.3 mGy, the spatial resolution was very stable at 7 and 8 lp/cm respectively. The contrast noise ratio and uniformity meet the reference requirements.Conclusions:The conventional quality control results of Leksell Icon Gamma Knife cone-beam CT are stable in 12 months. In addition to referring to the manufacturer′s baseline value, the unified analysis and evaluation standard for Gamma Knife need to be further improved for the quality control of cone-beam CT.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 851-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991424

ABSTRACT

The military vocational education is facing the reform under the background of "Internet +" education. O2O teaching is a model that combines the online teaching resource platform with the offline traditional education, and it is consistent with the development trend of contemporary military vocational education. In this study, we analyze the comparative advantages of O2O teaching model in military vocational education, including the multi-dimensional teaching content, the interactive teaching method, and the autonomy of teaching design. In this model, students become the subject of learning, and the process of storing knowledge will be transformed into the application and creation of knowledge. This paper also elucidates the feasibility of O2O teaching in the military vocational education, and further discusses its design in application from the point of view of managers, teachers and learners.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1613-1619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of the 3t sensorial saturation in the application of relieving pain and comfort due to femoral vein blood sampling in preterm infants, so as to provide the reference for the selection of clinical nursing plans.Methods:This was a quasi experimental study. A total of 110 preterm infants admitted to the neonatal unit of Shanxi Children′s Hospital from August 2021 to March 2022 were selected and divided into the control group and intervention group with 52 cases respectively by the random number table method. The control group implemented conventional care, and the intervention group implemented the 3t sensorial saturation method including taste, touch and talk on the basis of the control group. The pain and comfort of two groups were evaluated by the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and COMFORTneo Scale at 3 min before, during, and 3 min after blood, and the heart rate and SpO 2 of the two groups were compared. Results:Finally, 52 premature infants were included in both groups. The PIPP score, the total score of the COMFORTneo Scale, the heart rate and SpO 2 were 2.00 (1.00, 3.00), 6.50 (6.00, 7.75), 4.00 (3.00, 5.00), 7.00 (6.00, 8.00), 17.00 (15.00, 19.00), 9.50 (9.00, 10.00) points, (137.29 ± 8.58), (148.31 ± 8.89), (143.06 ± 7.61) times/min, 0.980 (0.970, 0.990), 0.960 (0.950, 0.970), 0.980 (0.970, 0.990) in the intervention group, 2.00 (1.25, 3.00), 12.00 (11.00, 13.00), 7.00 (6.00, 8.00), 7.00 (6.00, 9.00), 25.00 (23.00, 27.00), 20.00 (19.00, 22.00) points, (141.54 ± 10.57), (179.71 ± 14.62), (162.00 ± 14.32) times/min, 0.980 (0.960, 0.990), 0.940 (0.920, 0.958), 0.960 (0.940, 0.978). The results of generalized estimating equation analysis showed that the PIPP score, total COMFORTneo Scale score and SpO 2 via different time points, subgroups, and subgroups with time points were statistically significant (Wald χ2 values were 16.72-2 489.71, all P<0.05). The results of two-factor repeated measures ANOVA showed that the interaction effects of heart rate via different time points, subgroups, and subgroups with time points were statistically significant ( F=253.08, 105.02, 77.17, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The 3t sensorial saturation method can effectively reduce pain during femoral vein blood sampling in preterm infants, can improve the comfort level of preterm infants, is conducive to the stabilization of vital signs in preterm infants, and is suitable for promotion and application in clinical care.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1066-1072, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of paternal self-efficacy of support breastfeeding of late prematurity and analyze the factors affectingpaternal self-efficacy of support breastfeeding.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. From July to October 2021, the fathers of 210 late prematurity in Neonatology and NICU wards of Shanxi Children′s Hospital, were selected by convenience sampling method for the research object. The survey was carried out using the General Information Questionnaire, Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale and Father Support Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form, multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of paternal self-efficacy of support breastfeeding of late prematurity.Results:The total score of Father Support Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form was 46.22 ± 10.03, and the total score of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale was 59.31 ± 5.65, which were positively correlated ( r = 0.224, P<0.01). In the multiple linear regression analysis, whether or not to receive breastfeeding education, feeding methods, family opinions, and fathers′ attitudes towards breastfeeding were the main factors affecting fathers′ self-efficacy in supporting breastfeeding ( t values were - 3.07 to 2.35, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The paternal support breastfeeding of late prematurity level was at a lower level. It is suggested that medical staff should not only pay attention to puerpera and baby, but also pay attentionto father and family, and construct personalized health education based on co-parenting theory.

16.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 293-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction on bone transformation markers in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture after operation, and to evaluate the clinical efficacy.Methods:Prospective cohort study. A total of 92 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture after operation in Fangshan Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from April 2020 to December 2021 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups by random drawing method, with 46 in each group. The control group was treated with routine western medicine after operation, and the observation group was treated with self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 3 months. TCM symptom scores were performed before and after treatment, and the prognosis of the patients was evaluated with the Chinese Osteoporosis Quality of Life (COQOL), VAS scale, and the Oswestry Dysfunction Index (ODI). The levels of amino terminal propeptide (PINP), cross-linked terminal peptide β special sequence (β-CTX) and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) of type Ⅰ procollagen were determined by contrast chromogenic method with o-benzaldehyde. The adverse reactions during treatment were recorded and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rate was 95.7% (44/46) in the observation group and 82.6% (38/46) in the control group, and there was a significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=4.04 , P=0.044). After treatment, the scores of fracture nonunion, pain in back and loin, chilliness and lassitude, and pallor in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.84, 4.09, 4.87, 4.14, respectively, P<0.01). The scores of COQOL, VAS and ODI in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 6.26, 10.57 and 6.15, respectively, P<0.01). The levels of PINP [(44.93±5.86)μg/L vs. (49.76±6.02)μg/L, t=3.90] and β-CTX [(0.49±0.17) μg/L vs. (0.68±0.20) μg/L, t=4.91] in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment ( P<0.05). The level of BMP6 [(81.23±9.14) μg/L vs. (75.14±8.25) μg/L, t=3.36] in observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). During the treatment,the incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 13.0% (6/46), while that in the control group was 8.7% (4/46), and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=0.45, P=0.503). Conclusion:The self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy can adjust the level of bone transformation markers in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, improve the lumbar function and quality of life, and improve the clinical efficacy.

17.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 394-396,F2, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic experience of early postoperative hemorrhage (EPOH) from pancreaticojejunal anastomosis after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods:A retrospective review was conducted to summarize the clinical data of a typical case of EPOH from pancreaticojejunal anastomosis after PD in Binzhou Second People′s Hospital, and the main causes and treatment of EPOH were analyzed.Results:Due to reasons such as the slender pancreatic duct, the pancreatic duct was not found after twice transections of the pancreas during the surgery. To prevent poor pancreatic fluid drainage and related complications, the pancreatic stump was not effectively sutured, and a vertical mattress suture method was used for the pancreaticojejunal anastomosis. The patient developed severe EPOH on the surgery day. Due to the fact that the digestive tract reconstruction was a biliary pancreatic separation method, the cause of EPOH was diagnosed from pancreaticojejunal anastomosis through imaging and endoscopy. After active medical treatment, the patient recovered and was discharged.Conclusion:For the treatment of pancreatic stump after PD, precise suturing should be performed on the stump while ensuring smooth pancreatic duct drainage, in order to avoid EPOH from pancreaticojejunal anastomosis to the greatest extent possible.

18.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 554-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of vitamin D receptor(VDR)in biliary epithelial cells of children with biliary atresia(BA)and explore the correlation between VDR epression levels and clinical pathological prognosis.Methods:A total of 48 BA patients who underwent Kasai surgery in the Pediatric Surgery Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2017 to December 2020 with confirmed pathological results were selected as the study subjects.Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of VDR in biliary epithelial cells, and Masson staining was used to determine the degree of liver tissue fibrosis.Based on the VDR expression levels, the 48 BA patients were divided into the significantly low VDR expression group(30 cases)and the normal/high expression group(18 cases).Laboratory testing results within 1 week before Kasai surgery and liver shear wave elastography(SWE)data were collected for all patients.Follow-up was conducted for a period of 0 to 60 months after Kasai surgery or liver transplantation, meanwhile, the occurrence of refractory cholangitis and auto-liver survival time were collected.Results:There was a negative correlation between the degree of liver fibrosis and SWE value in children with BA( r=-0.805, P<0.01).In comparison between the two groups, the significantly low VDR expression group had higher SWE values[(20.57±1.28)kPa vs.(18.02±1.41)kPa, P<0.05], higher liver injury biochemical indicators[ALT(215.8±24.7)U/L vs.(182.6±21.2)U/L, P=0.021; AST(165.4±22.3)U/L vs.(139.6±21.4)U/L, P=0.014], a higher frequency of post-Kasai surgery refractory cholangitis(60.00% vs.22.22%, P=0.037), and a shorter median autologous liver survival time(27.00 months vs.36.00 months, P=0.032)than those in the normal/high expression group. Conclusion:The significant decrease in VDR expression in biliary epithelial cells may serve as an indicator of poor prognosis in BA.

19.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 383-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989100

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia is an important component of community-acquired pneumonia, which can cause severe extrapulmonary complications of digestive, cardiovascular, blood, urinary and other systems.Accurate and effective biomarkers are significant for the diagnosis and treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.Recent studies have shown that new biomarkers such as IL-35, IL-17, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR) and S100 protein are involved in the development of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.In order to provide reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, this paper reviews the progress of new biomarkers in Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.

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Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 842-846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988759

ABSTRACT

A large proportion of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are diagnosed with metastatic and incurable advanced lung cancer at the time of discovery, so these patients are given no surgical opportunity and have a low 5-year survival rate. In the era of immunotherapy, many kinds of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been approved as the first/second-line treatment for patients with advanced NSCLC with negative driving genes and have been combined with radiotherapy as an important treatment strategy for patients with advanced NSCLC. The innovative strategy of combining radiotherapy and immunotherapy has shown feasibility as supported by practical evidence in clinical research. A preclinical experiment of observing the immune mechanism at the molecular and cellular levels preliminarily revealed the interaction among tumor, radiation, and immune system. This paper briefly reviews the progress of combined radiotherapy and immunotherapy in the treatment of advanced NSCLC with negative drvier genes.

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