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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 24-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006505

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To construct a radiomics model for identifying clinical high-risk carotid plaques. Methods     A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with carotid artery stenosis in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from December 2016 to June 2022. The patients were classified as a clinical high-risk carotid plaque group and a clinical low-risk carotid plaque group according to the occurrence of stroke, transient ischemic attack and other cerebrovascular clinical symptoms within six months. Six machine learning models including eXtreme Gradient Boosting, support vector machine, Gaussian Naive Bayesian, logical regression, K-nearest neighbors and artificial neural network were established. We also constructed a joint predictive model combined with logistic regression analysis of clinical risk factors. Results    Finally 652 patients were collected, including 427 males and 225 females, with an average age of 68.2 years. The results showed that the prediction ability of eXtreme Gradient Boosting was the best among the six machine learning models, and the area under the curve (AUC) in validation dataset was 0.751. At the same time, the AUC of eXtreme Gradient Boosting joint prediction model established by clinical data and carotid artery imaging data validation dataset was 0.823. Conclusion     Radiomics features combined with clinical feature model can effectively identify clinical high-risk carotid plaques.

2.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 185-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981251

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect and mechanism of pearl hydrolysate on hepatic sinusoidal capillarization in liver fibrosis. Methods Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSEC) and hepatic stellate cells (HSC-LX2) were incubated with Hepu pearl hydrolysate.The proliferation of HSEC and HSC-LX2 was examined by MTT colorimetry.The cell cycle and apoptosis of HSC-LX2 were measured by flow cytometry.The changes of the microstructures such as fenestra and basement membrane of HSEC were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Results The intervention with leptin increased the viability of HSC-LX2 (P=0.041),decreased the viability of HSEC (P=0.004),and caused capillarization signs such as decreased number and diameter of fenestrae and formation of continuous basement membrane.The treatment with pearl hydrolysate at different doses increased and expanded the fenestrae of HSEC (low dose:P=0.020;medium dose:P=0.028;high dose:P=0.032),disintegrated the extracellular basement membrane of HSEC (low dose:P=0.020;medium dose:P=0.028;high dose:P=0.032),decreased the viability of HSC-LX2 (low dose:P=0.018;medium dose:P=0.013;high dose:P=0.009),and induced the apoptosis of HSC-LX2 (low dose:P=0.012;medium dose:P=0.006;high dose:P=0.005).Pearl hydrolysate exerted therapeutic effect on capillarization in a dose-dependent manner (low dose:P=0.020;medium dose:P=0.028;high dose:P=0.032).Moreover,high-dose pearl hydrolysate showed stronger effect on capillarization of hepatic sinuses than colchicine (P=0.034) and salvianolic acid B (P=0.038). Conclusion Hepu pearl hydrolysate can increase the viability of HSEC,restore the area of fenestrae,disintegrate the basement membrane,and decrease the viability and induce the apoptosis of HSC-LX2,demonstrating significant pharmacological effects on the capillarization of HSEC and HSC-LX2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2861-2873, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981237

ABSTRACT

Auto-inhibited Ca2+-ATPase (ACA) is one of the Ca2+-ATPase subfamilies that plays an important role in maintaining Ca2+ concentration balance in plant cells. To explore the function and gene expression pattern of the RcACA gene family in castor, bioinformatics analysis was used to identify the members of the RcACA gene family in castor. The basic physical and chemical properties, subcellular location, protein secondary and tertiary structure, conserved domain, conserved motif, gene structure, chromosome location and collinear relationship, as well as the evolutionary characteristics and promoter cis-acting elements were predicted and analyzed. The expression pattern of the RcACA gene under abiotic stress was analyzed by expression (fragments per kilobase of exon model per million mapped fragments, FPKM) in castor transcriptome data. The results showed that 8 RcACA gene family members were identified in castor, acidic proteins located in the plasma membrane. In the secondary structure of all proteins, the α-helix and random coil is more; the RcACA genes were clustered into three categories, and the design of the genes in the same category was similar to the conserved motif. Both of them had four typical domains, RcACA3-RcACA8 had a Ca2+-ATPase N-terminal autoinhibitory domain. The RcACA gene is mostly located on the long arm of the chromosome and has 2 pairs of collinear relationships. There are more light response elements but fewer hormone-induced elements located upstream of the RcACA coding region. Interspecific clustering showed that the evolution of ACA genes among species was conservative. Tissue expression pattern analysis showed that RcACA genes showed apparent tissue expression specificity, and most of the genes showed the highest expression level in male flowers. Expression analysis under abiotic stress showed that RcACA2-RcACA8 were up-regulated under high salt and drought stress, and RcACA1 was up-regulated at 0-24 h under low-temperature stress, indicating that RcACA genes positively responded to abiotic stresses. The above results provide a theoretical basis for exploring the role of the RcACA gene in castor growth, development and stress response.


Subject(s)
Genome, Plant , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Transcriptome , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1731-1746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981166

ABSTRACT

Adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) and Adiponectin receptor 2 (AdipoR2) can bind to adiponectin (AdipoQ) secreted by adipose tissue to participate in various physiological functions of the body. In order to explore the role of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 in amphibians infected by Aeromonas hydrophila (Ah), the genes adipor1 and adipor2 of Rana dybowskii were cloned by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed by bioinformatics. The tissue expression difference of adipor1 and adipor2 was analyzed by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and an inflammatory model of R. dybowskii infected by Ah was constructed. The histopathological changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE staining); the expression profiles of adipor1 and adipor2 after infection were dynamically detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The results show that AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 are cell membrane proteins with seven transmembrane domains. Phylogenetic tree also shows that AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 cluster with the amphibians in the same branch. qRT-PCR and Western blotting results show that adipor1 and adipor2 were up-regulated at different levels of transcription and translation upon Ah infection, but the response time and level were different. It is speculated that AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 participate in the process of bacterial immune response, providing a basis for further exploring the biological functions of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 in amphibians.


Subject(s)
Animals , Receptors, Adiponectin/metabolism , Phylogeny , Adiponectin/metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Ranidae/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1710-1730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981165

ABSTRACT

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) widely exist in all organisms, the structures of which are usually extraordinarily conservative. They are also well-known stress proteins that are involved in response to physical, chemical and biological stresses. HSP70 is an important member of the HSPs family. In order to study the roles of amphibians HSP70 during infection, the cDNA sequence of Rana amurensis hsp70 family genes were cloned by homologous cloning method. The sequence characteristics, three-dimensional structure and genetic relationship of Ra-hsp70s were analyzed by bioinformatics methods. The expression profiles under bacterial infection were also analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). Expression and localization of HSP70 protein were tested by immunohistochemical techniques. The results showed that three conservative tag sequences of HSP70 family, HSPA5, HSPA8 and HSPA13, were found in HSP70. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated four members are distributed in four different branches, and members with the same subcellular localization motif are distributed in the same branch. The relative expression levels of the mRNA of four members were all significantly upregulated (P < 0.01) upon infection, but the time for up-regulating the expression levels were diverse in different tissues. The immunohistochemical analysis showed that HSP70 was expressed to different degrees in the cytoplasm of liver, kidney, skin and stomach tissue. The four members of Ra-hsp70 family have ability to respond bacterial infection to varying degrees. Therefore, it was proposed that they are involved in biological processes against pathogen and play different biological functions. The study provides a theoretical basis for functional studies of HSP70 gene in amphibians.


Subject(s)
Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Phylogeny , Amino Acid Sequence , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Stress, Physiological
6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 193-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965032

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the brain mechanism of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on dysfunction after stroke using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). MethodsLiteratures about the functional magnetic resonance imaging study about repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for dysfunction after stroke were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang data from establishment to June 1st, 2021. The quality of the literature was evaluated with Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Literature screening, and data extraction were performed by two researchers. ResultsA total of 14 randomized controlled trials were finally enrolled. They were of high or very high quality. They mainly involved the therapeutic effect and imaging mechanisms of rTMS on dysfunction after stroke. ConclusionrTMS could change the excitability of the cerebral cortex and the effective connections between brain regions after stroke, promote the reorganization of brain function, and achieve the recovery of post-stroke dysfunction.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 84-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962628

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Euphorbia helioscopia aqueous extract (EHE) on mice with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its influence on precancerous lesion-associated proteins in lung tissues induced by cigarette smoke (CS). MethodThe COPD model was induced by CS in 60 mice and the model mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive drug group (dexamethasone, 2 mg·kg-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose EHE groups (1.875, 3.75, 7.5 g·kg-1). The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was used to determine the related components in EHE. The changes in end-expiratory pause (EEP), airway resistance (Penh), expiratory flow at 50% vital capacity (EF50), and other pulmonary function indexes were detected by the spirometer. The levels of inflammatory factors, such as interleukin (IL)-2, IL-5, IL-18, IL-17A, and IL-27 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice were detected by high-throughput liquid protein chip technology. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to detect the pathological changes in lung tissues in mice. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in lung tissues was determined by the colorimetric method. The mRNA relative expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12) was detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the expression of tumor protein (P53) and cell proliferation-associated antigen (Ki67) in lung tissues, and Western blot was used to detect the relative expression of tumor suppressor protein (P16), DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), and fragile histidine triad (FHIT) in lung tissues. ResultThe results showed that the main compounds in EHE included phenols (gallic acid and protocatechuic acid) and flavonoids (such as hyperoside, rutin, myricetin, naringenin, quercetin, luteolin, kaempferol, and licorice chalcone A), among which gallic acid and rutin were the highest in content. Compared with normal group, model group showed increased levels of EEP, EF50, and Penh (P<0.05), and showed increased MDA and MPO levels (P<0.01) and decreased GSH-Px (P<0.01), and the model group displayed increased levels of IL-2, IL-5, IL-18, IL-17A, IL-27, TNF-α, TGF-β, MMP-2, MMP-9, and MMP-12 (P<0.05). And the model group exhibited up-regulated expression of P53, Ki67, and FHIT in lung tissues (P<0.01) and down-regulated expression of DNMT1 and P16 (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the EHE groups showed decreased EEP and EF50 levels (P<0.05). The pathological injury of lung tissues in mice of the model group was observed under HE staining, and the pathological injury of basal cell hyperplasia of lung tissues was gradually improved after treatment with EHE. The EHE groups showed reduced levels of MDA and MPO (P<0.01) and increased GSH-Px (P<0.01). The EHE groups displayed decreased levels of IL-2, IL-5, IL-18, IL-17A, IL-27, TNF-α, TGF-β, MMP-2, MMP-9, and MMP-12 (P<0.05). And the EHE groups showed down-regulated Ki67 and FHIT in lung tissues (P<0.05) and up-regulated expression of P53 and DNMT1 (P<0.05). ConclusionEHE can protect mice from COPD and inhibit precancerous lesions, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of inflammation and oxidative stress response, regulation of protease and antiprotease imbalance, and regulation of epithelial cell growth.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 67-72, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989407

ABSTRACT

Thyroid Carcinoma, as one of the most common malignant tumors in the endocrine system and head and neck, has a rising incidence rate in the world in recent years, which seriously affects human health. Thyroid carcinoma is often divided into 4 pathological types: papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma, medullary carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma. Among them, papillary carcinoma is the most common with low malignancy and undifferentiated carcinoma is extremely rare with the highest malignancy. BRAFV600E mutation has been found to be closely related to the genesis, development mechanism and prognosis of thyroid carcinoma, and is a current molecular research focus. Clinically, BRAFV600E mutation is often considered as a molecular marker affecting the prognosis of thyroid carcinoma. In this paper, the relevant literature in recent years was reviewed, mainly from the aspects of BRAFV600E mutation and thyroid carcinoma diagnosis, clinicopathological features, guidance of clinical treatment decision, prognosis and so on, to evaluate the clinical application value of BRAFV600E mutation.

9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 879-888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms that mediate the anti-inflammatory activity of Eurycoma longifolia.@*METHODS@#Kunming mouse models of xylene-induced ear swelling and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute pneumonia were used to compare the anti- inflammatory activities of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Eurycoma longifolia. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to identify the chemical composition in the ethanol extract of Eurycoma longifolia, based on which the potential antiinflammatory targets of Eurycoma longifolia were screened using the databases including SwissADME, SwissTargetPrediction, and Genecards. The String database was used to generate the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and Cytoscape was used for network topology analysis and screening the core targets. The enrichment of the core targets was analyzed using Metascape database, the core components and targets were docked with Autodock software, and the docking results were visualized using Pymol software. In a RAW264.7 cell model of LPS-induced inflammation, the Griess reagent was used to measure NO level, and Western blotting was performed to detect the expression levels of MAPK1, JAK2, and STAT3 proteins to verify the anti- inflammatory mechanism of Eurycoma longifolia.@*RESULTS@#The ethanol extract (75%) of Eurycoma longifolia (ELE) was the active site, which contained a total of 37 chemical components. These chemical compounds and diseases had 541 targets, involving the JAK/STAT3, cAMP and other signaling pathways. Twelve indicator components were identified, which all showed good results of molecular docking with two core targets involved in the signaling pathways. In the cell validation experiment, treatment of the cells with low-, medium-, and high-dose ELE significantly reduced NO release in the cells, and ELE at the medium dose significantly decreased the cellular expressions of JAK2 and STAT3.@*CONCLUSION@#The anti-inflammatory activity of Eurycoma longifolia is attributed primarily to its active ingredients bitter lignin and alkaloids, which may regulate the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway by targeting JAK2 and STAT3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Network Pharmacology , Eurycoma , Lipopolysaccharides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Ethanol , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 793-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the biomarkers of tinnitus in vestibular schwannoma patients using electroencephalographic (EEG) microstate technology.@*METHODS@#The EEG and clinical data of 41 patients with vestibular schwannoma were collected. All the patients were evaluated by SAS, SDS, THI and VAS scales. The EEG acquisition time was 10-15 min, and the EEG data were preprocessed and analyzed using MATLAB and EEGLAB software package.@*RESULTS@#Of the 41 patients with vestibular schwannoma, 29 patients had tinnitus and 12 did not have tinnitus, and their clinical parameters were comparable. The average global explanation variances of the non-tinnitus and tinnitus groups were 78.8% and 80.1%, respectively. The results of EEG microstate analysis showed that compared with those without tinnitus, the patients with tinnitus had an increased frequency (P=0.033) and contribution (P=0.028) of microstate C. Correlation analysis showed that THI scale scores of the patients were negatively correlated with the duration of microstate A (R=-0.435, P=0.018) and positively with the frequencies of microstate B (R=0.456, P=0.013) and microstate C (R=0.412, P=0.026). Syntax analysis showed that the probability of transition from microstate C to microstate B increased significantly in vestibular schwannoma patients with tinnitus (P=0.031).@*CONCLUSION@#EEG microstate features differ significantly between vestibular schwannoma patients with and without tinnitus. This abnormality in patients with tinnitus may reflect the potential abnormality in the allocation of neural resources and the transition of brain functional activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuroma, Acoustic/complications , Electroencephalography , Patients , Probability
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 672-680, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986944

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was to investigate the main characteristics and related factors of wideband absorbance (WBA) in children with normal hearing and to obtain age-specific reference range of WBA. Methods: 384 children between 0-12 years old (615 ears) who visited the Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2019 to February 2021 were enrolled, including 230 males (376 ears) and 154 females (239 ears), with totally 306 left ears and 309 right ears. Wideband tympanometry (WBT) was performed and normative WBA data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 statistical software. Repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance were applied to the data from 16 points at 1/3-octave frequencies (226, 324, 408, 500, 667, 841, 1 000, 1 297, 1 682, 2 000, 2 670, 3 364, 4 000, 5 339, 6 727 and 8 000 Hz) to evaluate the effects of frequency, age, external auditory canal pressures, gender and ear on WBA. Results: According to the WBT frequency-absorbance curve, the subjects were divided into seven groups: 1-month old group, 2-month old group, 3-month old group, 4-5 month old group, 6-24 month old group,>2-6 year old group and>6-12 year old group. The WBA of normal-hearing children underwent a series of developmental changes with age at both ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressures. WBA results for 1-month group and 2-month old group exhibited a multipeaked pattern, with the peaks occurring around 2 000 and 4 897 Hz, and a notch around 3 886 Hz. WBA results for 3-month group and 4-5 month old group exhibited a single broad-peaked pattern, with the peak occurring between 2 000-4 757 Hz. The WBA of 1-month old group to 4-5 month old group decreased gradually at low frequency (226-408 Hz) and 6 727 Hz, and increased at middle to high frequency (2 670-4 000 Hz). The WBA of 6-24 month old group were significantly lower than that of 2-month old group to 4-5 month old group at all frequencies except 3 364 and 4 000 Hz. WBA results for 6-24 month old group,>2-6 year old group and>6-12 year old group exhibited a single-peaked pattern, and the peak frequency of WBA moved to the lower frequency successively. From 6-24 month old group to>6-12 year old group, the WBA gradually increased at low to middle frequencies (667-2 670 Hz) and 8 000 Hz, and decreased at middle to high frequencies (3 364-5 339 Hz). Among the 16 frequencies of all age groups, the difference between WBA under ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressure were -0.09-0.06, and 43.75%-81.25% frequency points had statistically significant difference, which was mainly manifested in that WBA under ambient pressure were lower than that under tympanometric peak pressure at 226-1 682 Hz. There was no significant ear effect on all of the age groups. Similarly, there was no significant gender effect except for 3-month old group and 4-5 month old group. Conclusions: The WBA of normal-hearing children measured at ambient pressure and tympanometric peak pressure varied across the frequencies with age from 1 month to 12 years old, and different frequencies followed different change patterns (increase vs. decrease) in WBA. There was also significant external auditory canal pressures effect on all of the age groups. The establishment of age-specific reference range of WBA for 0-12 years old normal-hearing children in this study would be useful for clinical practice of determining normative data regarding WBT.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acoustic Impedance Tests/methods , Ear , Reference Values , Ear Canal
12.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986728

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features, treatment, and outcome characteristics of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma. Methods The clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, diagnosis and treatment, and follow-up data of six patients with Merkel cell carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. Results Among the six patients with Merkel cell carcinoma, four were males and two were females, with a median age of 66 years old (57-76 years old). All six patients presented with skin swelling, and the clinical stages were as follows: stageⅠ in three patients, stage Ⅲ in one patient, and stage IV in two patients. Two patients were treated with surgery alone, three patients with surgery combined with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, and one patient with immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy. Until the follow-up time, four patients had no disease progression, one patient died because of disease progression, and one patient remained under treatment. Conclusion Limited-stage Merkel cell carcinoma is primarily treated with surgery and radiotherapy, meanwhile, metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma needs systemic therapy, and first-line immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting PD-1/ PD-L1 pathway can achieve better therapeutic results.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 357-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, treatment regime, and outcome of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Methods: The clinical data, genetic and molecular results, treatment process and survival status of 7 cases of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML children admitted to the Pediatric Blood Diseases Center of Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2015 to February 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: DEK-NUP214 fusion gene positive AML accounted for 1.02% (7/683) of pediatric AML diagnosed in the same period, with 4 males and 3 females. The age of disease onset was 8.2 (7.5, 9.5) years. The blast percentage in bone marrow was 0.275 (0.225, 0.480), and 6 cases were M5 by FAB classification. Pathological hematopoiesis was observed in all cases except for one whose bone marrow morphology was unknown. Three cases carried FLT3-ITD mutations, 4 cases carried NRAS mutations, and 2 cases carried KRAS mutations. After diagnosis, 4 cases received IAE induction regimen (idarubicin, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received MAE induction regimen (mitoxantrone, cytarabine and etoposide), 1 case received DAH induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine) and 1 case received DAE induction regimen (daunorubicin, cytarabine and etoposide). Complete remission was achieved in 3 cases after one course of induction. Four cases who did not achieved complete remission received CAG (aclarubicin, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor), IAH (idarubicin, cytarabine and homoharringtonine), CAG combined with cladribine, and HAG (homoharringtonine, cytarabine and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) combined with cladribine reinduction therapy, respectively, all 4 cases reached complete remission. Six patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) after 1-2 sessions of intensive consolidation treatment, except that one case was lost to follow-up after complete remission. The time from diagnosis to HSCT was 143 (121, 174) days. Before HSCT, one case was positive for flow cytometry minimal residual disease and 3 cases were positive for DEK-NUP214 fusion gene. Three cases accepted haploid donors, 2 cases accepted unrelated cord blood donors, and 1 case accepted matched sibling donor. The follow-up time was 20.4 (12.9, 53.1) months, the overall survival and event free survival rates were all 100%. Conclusions: Pediatric AML with DEK-NUP214 fusion gene is a unique and rare subtype, often diagnosed in relatively older children. The disease is characterized with a low blast percentage in bone marrow, significant pathological hematopoiesis and a high mutation rate in FLT3-ITD and RAS genes. Low remission rate by chemotherapy only and very high recurrence rate indicate its high malignancy and poor prognosis. Early HSCT after the first complete remission can improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Poly-ADP-Ribose Binding Proteins/genetics , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1169-1173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985575

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the effects of different intensity of exercise combined with dietary intervention on body composition, lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in obese (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,NAFLD) college students, so as to provide a theoretical reference for improving the health of the obese NAFLD female college students. @*Methods@#From March to Aprial 2022, 43 NAFLD female college students were recruited and randomly divided into HIIT group ( n =22) and MICT group( n =21). Subsequently, HIIT group received HIIT combined with diet intervention for 8 weeks and MICT group received MICT combined with diet intervention for 8 weeks, the changes of body composition, lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in NAFLD female college students were compared before and after intervention.@*Results@#Compared with that before the experiment, after 8 weeks of HIIT and MICT combined with dietary intervention, the weight, BMI, body fat mass, trunk fat mass, waist hip ratio and visceral fat area significantly decreased ( t = 15.56, 15.48, 15.74, 13.92, 6.51, 11.55; 13.64, 13.48, 15.82, 6.53, 4.40, 9.53), the levels of cholesterol and triglyceride and low density lipoprotein, bacillus coli and enterococcus significantly decreased ( t =6.75, 2.16, 6.86 , 3.06, 7.85; 3.55, 2.36, 4.00 , 3.32, 5.94); lactobacillus and bifidobacterium increased significantly ( t =6.64, 5.89; 5.11, 4.71); however, only HIIT group had a significant increase in the level of high density lipoprotein( t =5.08)( P <0.05). Compared with MICT group, body fat mass, trunk fat mass, visceral fat area and cholesterol level in HIIT group were significantly lower than those in MICT group ( t=2.20 , 2.10, 2.15, 2.26, P <0.05). There were no significant differences in other indicators between the two groups ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#The results show that HIIT and MICT have benefical effects on body composition, lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in obese NAFLD female college students , but HIIT is superior to MICT intervention in reducing body fat mass, visceral fat and improving lipid metabolism.

15.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 891-898, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985492

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the causal effects of the serum Vitamin D levels on the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study was performed to infer the causality. Three Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for circulating Vitamin D levels, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] and C3-epimer of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [C3-epi-25(OH)D3] published in 2020, and one GWAS for SLE published in 2015 were utilized to analyze the causal effects of the serum Vitamin D levels on the risk of SLE. MR analyses were conducted using the inverse-variance weighted method (IVW), weighted median, MR-Egger methods, MR-pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO) method. Results: 34, 29 and 6 SNPs were respectively selected as instrumental variables to analyze the causal association of total 25 (OH) D level, 25 (OH) D3 level and C3-epi-25 (OH) D3 level with the risk of SLE. The MR results showed that each standard deviation decrease in the level of 25(OH)D3 would result in 14.2% higher risk of SLE (OR, 0.858; 95%CI, 0.753-0.978; P=0.022). The levels of 25(OH)D and C3-epi-25(OH)D3 had null associations with risk of SLE (OR, 0.849; 95%CI, 0.653-1.104; P=0.222; OR, 0.904; 95%CI, 0.695-1.176; P=0.452). Conclusion: This study have identified a causal effect of 25(OH)D3 on increased risk of SLE. These findings highlighted the significance of active monitoring and prevention of SLE in population of low Vitamin D levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genome-Wide Association Study , Vitamin D , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Vitamins , Causality , Mendelian Randomization Analysis/methods , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 265-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical features of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and their association with prognosis.@*METHODS@#Clinical and prognosis data were collected from the children with JMML who were admitted from January 2008 to December 2016, and the influencing factors for prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 63 children with JMML were included, with a median age of onset of 25 months and a male/female ratio of 3.2∶1. JMML genetic testing was performed for 54 children, and PTPN11 mutation was the most common mutation and was observed in 23 children (43%), among whom 19 had PTPN11 mutation alone and 4 had compound PTPN11 mutation, followed by NRAS mutation observed in 14 children (26%), among whom 12 had NRAS mutation alone and 2 had compound NRAS mutation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was only 22%±10% in these children with JMML. Of the 63 children, 13 (21%) underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The HSCT group had a significantly higher 5-year OS rate than the non-HSCT group (46%±14% vs 29%±7%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the 5-year OS rate between the children without PTPN11 gene mutation and those with PTPN11 gene mutation (30%±14% vs 27%±10%, P>0.05). The Cox proportional-hazards regression model analysis showed that platelet count <40×109/L at diagnosis was an influencing factor for 5-year OS rate in children with JMML (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The PTPN11 gene was the most common mutant gene in JMML. Platelet count at diagnosis is associated with the prognosis in children with JMML. HSCT can improve the prognosis of children with JMML.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile/therapy , Prognosis , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 695-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970401

ABSTRACT

Phytoremediation plays an important role in the treatment of heavy metal pollution in soil. In order to elucidate the mechanism of salicylic acid (SA) on copper absorption, seedlings from Xuzhou (with strong Cu-tolerance) and Weifang Helianthus tuberosus cultivars (with weak Cu-tolerance) were selected for pot culture experiments. 1 mmol/L SA was sprayed upon 300 mg/kg soil copper stress, and the photosynthesis, leaf antioxidant system, several essential mineral nutrients and the changes of root upon copper stress were analyzed to explore the mechanism of copper resistance. The results showed that Pn, Tr, Gs and Ci upon copper stress decreased significantly compared to the control group. Meanwhile, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoid decreased with significant increase in initial fluorescence (F0), maximum photochemical quantum yield of PSⅡ (Fv/Fm), electron transfer rate (ETR) and photochemical quenching coefficient (qP) content all decreased. The ascorbic acid (AsA) content was decreased, the glutathione (GSH) value was increased, the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity in the leaves were decreased, and the peroxidase (POD) activity was significantly increased. SA increased the Cu content in the ground and root system, and weakened the nutrient uptake capacity of K, Ca, Mg, and Zn in the root stem and leaves. Spray of exogenous SA can maintain the opening of leaf stomata, improve the adverse effect of copper on photosynthetic pigment and PSⅡ reaction center. Mediating the SOD and APX activity started the AsA-GSH cycle process, effectively regulated the antioxidant enzyme system in chrysanthemum taro, significantly reduced the copper content of all parts of the plant, and improved the ion exchange capacity in the body. External SA increased the content of the negative electric group on the root by changing the proportion of components in the root, promoted the absorption of mineral nutrient elements and the accumulation of osmoregulatory substances, strengthened the fixation effect of the root on metal copper, and avoided its massive accumulation in the H. tuberosus body, so as to alleviate the inhibitory effect of copper on plant growth. The study revealed the physiological regulation of SA upon copper stress, and provided a theoretical basis for planting H. tuberosus to repair soil copper pollution.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Copper , Helianthus/metabolism , Salicylic Acid/pharmacology , Chlorophyll A/pharmacology , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Chlorophyll/pharmacology , Ascorbic Acid , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Photosynthesis , Glutathione , Plant Leaves , Stress, Physiological , Seedlings
18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 10-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study assesses the impact of iodine-rich processed foods and dining places on the iodine nutritional status of children.@*METHODS@#School-aged children (SAC) in seven provinces in China were selected by school-based multi-stage sampling. Urinary iodine, salt iodine, and thyroid volume (TVOL) were determined. Questionnaires were used to investigate dining places and iodine-rich processed foods. The water iodine was from the 2017 national survey. Multi-factor regression analysis was used to find correlations between variables.@*RESULTS@#Children ate 78.7% of their meals at home, 15.1% at school canteens, and 6.1% at other places. The percentage of daily iodine intake from water, iodized salt, iodine-rich processed foods, and cooked food were 1.0%, 79.2%, 1.5%, and 18.4%, respectively. The salt iodine was correlated with the urinary iodine and TVOL, respectively (r = 0.999 and -0.997, P < 0.05). The iodine intake in processed foods was weakly correlated with the TVOL (r = 0.080, P < 0.01). Non-iodized salt used in processed foods or diets when eating out had less effect on children's iodine nutrition status.@*CONCLUSION@#Iodized salt remains the primary source of daily iodine intake of SAC, and processed food has less effect on iodine nutrition. Therefore, for children, iodized salt should be a compulsory supplement in their routine diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iodine , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/analysis , China , Water
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 265-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969982

ABSTRACT

To explore the regulating effect of acupuncture on pain based on the three dimensions of pain (pain sensation, pain emotion and pain cognition). The pain sensation is related to the body, the pain emotion is related to the seven emotions, the pain cognition is related to the mind of the five zang, and the three dimensions of pain interact with each other. Through the two ways of "regulating qi to treat mind" and "treating mind to regulate qi ", acupuncture comprehensively acts on pain sensation, pain emotion and pain cognition to achieve comprehensive regulation of pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Therapy , Emotions , Cognition , Pain
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 374-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the safety and short-term effectiveness of blinatumomab in the treatment of childhood relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R-ALL).@*METHODS@#Six children with R/R-ALL who received blinatumomab treatment from August 2021 to August 2022 were included as subjects, and a retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data.@*RESULTS@#Among the six children, there were three boys and three girls, with a median age of 10.5 (5.0-13.0) years at the time of inclusion. Of all six children, one had refractory ALL and did not achieve remission after several times of chemotherapy, and 5 relapsed for the first time, with a median time of 30 (9-60) months from diagnosis to relapse. Minimal residual disease (MRD) before treatment was 15.50% (0.08%-78.30%). Three children achieved complete remission after treatment, among whom two had negative conversion of MRD. Five children had cytokine release syndrome (CRS), among whom 3 had grade 1 CRS and 2 had grade 2 CRS. Four children were bridged to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, with a median interval of 50 (40-70) days from blinatumomab treatment to transplantation. The six children were followed up for a median time of 170 days, and the results showed an overall survival rate of 41.7% (95%CI: 5.6%-76.7%) and a median survival time of 126 (95%CI: 53-199) days.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blinatumomab has good short-term safety and effectiveness in the treatment of childhood R/R-ALL, and its long-term effectiveness needs to be confirmed by studies with a larger sample size.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents , Retrospective Studies , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Antibodies, Bispecific/adverse effects
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