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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970554

ABSTRACT

"Taking drugs for a long term" is a qualitative expression of medication method based on the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicine, and the study on it is conducive to the full utilization of the efficacy and rational use of drugs. There are 148 drugs that can be taken for a long time recorded in Shen Nong's Classic of Materia Medica, accounting for 41% of the total drugs. This paper analyzed three-grade classification, natural qualities, four properties and five flavors, and efficacy features of the "long-term taking" drugs(LTTD), thus exploring the herbal source of traditional Chinese medicine health care and the rationality of effect accumulation by long-term taking. It was found that there were more than 110 top-grade LTTD in Shen Nong's Classic of Materia Medica, most of which were herbs, with sweet flavor, flat property, and no toxicity. The efficacies were mainly making body feel light and agile(Qingshen) and prolonging life. Eighty-three LTTD were included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). In the modern classification, tonic LTTD accounted for the most, followed by damp-draining diuretic LTTD and exterior-releasing LTTD. Twenty LTTD were included in the "List of Medicinal and Edible Products" and 21 were in the "List of Products Used for Health-care Food", involving in various modern health care effects, such as enhancing immunity, assisting in reducing blood lipids, and anti-oxidation. Shen Nong's Classic of Materia Medica is the classic source of traditional Chinese medicine health care, and its medication thought of taking drugs for a long term to accumulate effects has guiding significance for the regulation of sub-health and chronic diseases nowadays. The efficacy and safety of LTTD have been examined in practice for a long time, and some of the drugs are edible, which is unique in the whole cycle of health-care service, especially in line with the health-care needs in the aging society under the concept of Big Health. However, some records in the book are limited by the understanding of the times, which should be scientifically studied according to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the related regulations and technical requirements, under the attitude of eliminating falsifications and preserving the truth and keeping the right essence, so as to achieve further improvement, innovation, and development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery of Health Care , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 278-287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969775

ABSTRACT

Objective: Hyperlipidemia is closely related to premature acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study was performed to explore the correlation between various blood lipid components and the risk of premature AMI. Methods: This is a cross-sectional retrospective study. Consecutive patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), who completed coronary angiography from October 1, 2020 to September 30, 2022 in our hospital, were enrolled and divided into premature AMI group (male<55 years old, female<65 years old) and late-onset AMI group. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-C, lipoprotein (a) (Lp (a)), apolipoprotein B (ApoB), apolipoprotein A-1 (ApoA-1), non-HDL-C/HDL-C and ApoB/ApoA-1 were analyzed. The correlation between the above blood lipid indexes and premature AMI was analyzed and compared by logistic regression, restricted cubic spline and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: A total of 1 626 patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study, including 409 patients with premature AMI and 1 217 patients with late-onset AMI. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of premature AMI increased significantly with the increase of TG, non-HDL-C/HDL-C, non-HDL-C, ApoB/ApoA-1, TC and ApoB quintiles; while LDL-C, ApoA-1 and Lp (a) had no significant correlation with premature AMI. The restricted cubic spline graph showed that except Lp (a), LDL-C, ApoA-1 and ApoB/ApoA-1, other blood lipid indicators were significantly correlated with premature AMI. The ROC curve showed that TG and non-HDL-C/HDL-C had better predictive value for premature AMI. Inconsistency analysis found that the incidence and risk of premature AMI were the highest in patients with high TG and high non-HDL-C/HDL-C. Conclusion: TG, non-HDL-C/HDL-C and other blood lipid indexes are significantly increased in patients with premature AMI, among which TG is the parameter, most closely related to premature AMI, and future studies are needed to explore the impact of controlling TG on incidence of premature AMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholesterol, LDL , Retrospective Studies , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Apolipoprotein A-I , Myocardial Infarction , Cholesterol , Apolipoproteins B , Triglycerides , Cholesterol, HDL , Lipids , Lipoproteins
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the anatomy of the perforator propeller flap of superior lateral genicular artery, and to explore a surgical method and clinical application in repair of the soft tissue defect of anterolateral knee with the flap.Methods:From September 2019 to September 2021, 8 knees of 4 chilled fresh specimen of adults were studied. The perforators of the superior lateral genicular artery were observed. The length, outer diameter of the perforators, and the locations of the skin perforation were recorded. The superior lateral genicular artery perforator propeller flaps were then applied clinically to 5 patients(3 males and 2 females) with soft tissue defects of anterolateral knee. Two of the patients had combined ligament injury and(or) bone joint exposure. The age of patients ranged from 25 to 48 years old, at 33.4 years old in average. The sizes of soft tissue defects ranged from 4.0 cm×4.0 cm to 8.0 cm×5.0 cm. The sizes of perforator propeller flaps of superior lateral genicular artery were 10.0 cm×5.0 cm to 13.0 cm×6.0 cm. The superior perforating vessels of the superior lateral genicular artery were found and marked at the points of skin perforation. Preoperative contrast-enhanced ultrasound were performed to confirm the dominant perforating vessels and had the skin perforating points marked. Intraoperative CDU were further performed to confirm the points of dominant perforating vessels. Perforator propeller flaps were designed depending on the size of the anterolateral soft tissue defect, and flaps were prepared and transferred to the defect sites. Postoperative follow-ups were conducted at outpatient clinic. The survival of the flap and knee function were observed according to the Bai-ly knee scoring.Results:The anatomy showed that an average pedicle length of the superior lateral genicular artery perforator was(8.2±0.9) cm, with an average starting outer diameter at(1.1±0.2) mm. All 5 flaps survived during the follow-up that lasted for 10 to 24 months, with an average of 15.3 months. All flaps healed in 2 weeks after surgery without complications such as soft tissue infection, bone and joint infection were observed. At the last follow-up, no obvious bloated appearance of the flaps were observed. The colour and elasticity of the flaps were similar to the surrounding skin. The knee function was assessed: 4 patients were in excellent and 1 in good. The range of knee flexion and extension was from 100° to 150°. The patients were satisfied with the appearance and function of the knees.Conclusion:The size of the perforator of superior lateral genicular artery and the pedicle length are ideal. The propeller flap can be used to repair the soft tissue defect around the anterolateral knee, with satisfactory functional recovery of a knee. It is a good method to repair the soft tissue defect around anterolateral knee.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1785-1790, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014247

ABSTRACT

Aim To research the effect of PDG on bone metabolism in young rats. Methods The experimental rats were randomly divided into contro group, PDG-25 group and PDG-50 group. PDG-25 group and PDG-50 group were given PDG at the dose of 25 mg·kg

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936056

ABSTRACT

The incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) is increasing at home and abroad. Laparoscopic surgery has gradually become the main means of surgical treatment of this kind of tumor. However, due to the special anatomical position of the tumor, the high position away from the broken esophagus and the narrow space in the mediastinum, laparoscopic anastomosis has the characteristics of difficult anastomosis and high anastomosis position. There is a high risk of anastomotic leakage after operation, which may cause serious consequences. Early identification of anastomotic leakage and unobstructed drainage by various means are the key to treatment. With the development of endoscopic technology, endoscopic methods such as covered stent and vacuum-assisted closure further improve the treatment efficacy. As a salvage measure, surgical treatment can achieve good treatment outcome, while accompanied by risk of complications and mortality, so we must strictly grasp the indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1159-1172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927771

ABSTRACT

It is known that low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can promote the differentiation and maturation of rat calvarial osteoblasts (ROBs) cultured in vitro. However, the mechanism that how ROBs perceive the physical signals of PEMFs and initiate osteogenic differentiation remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the promotion of osteogenic differentiation of ROBs by 0.6 mT 50 Hz PEMFs and the presence of polycystin2 (PC2) located on the primary cilia on the surface of ROBs. First, immunofluorescence staining was used to study whether PC2 is located in the primary cilia of ROBs, and then the changes of PC2 protein expression in ROBs upon treatment with PEMFs for different time were detected by Western blotting. Subsequently, we detected the expression of PC2 protein by Western blotting and the effect of PEMFs on the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), as well as the expression of Runx-2, Bmp-2, Col-1 and Osx proteins and genes related to bone formation after pretreating ROBs with amiloride HCl (AMI), a PC2 blocker. Moreover, we detected the expression of genes related to bone formation after inhibiting the expression of PC2 in ROBs using RNA interference. The results showed that PC2 was localized on the primary cilia of ROBs, and PEMFs treatment increased the expression of PC2 protein. When PC2 was blocked by AMI, PEMFs could no longer increase PC2 protein expression and ALP activity, and the promotion effect of PEMFs on osteogenic related protein and gene expression was also offset. After inhibiting the expression of PC2 using RNA interference, PEMFs can no longer increase the expression of genes related to bone formation. The results showed that PC2, located on the surface of primary cilia of osteoblasts, plays an indispensable role in perceiving and transmitting the physical signals from PEMFs, and the promotion of osteogenic differentiation of ROBs by PEMFs depends on the existence of PC2. This study may help to elucidate the mechanism underlying the promotion of bone formation and osteoporosis treatment in low-frequency PEMFs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Electromagnetic Fields , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Osteogenesis/genetics , TRPP Cation Channels/physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the improvement effect between simultaneous electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle and agonistic muscle and simple electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle on spasticity degree, upper-extremity motor function and activity of daily living in patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke were randomized into a comprehensive group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and an antagonistic muscle group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the antagonistic muscle group, acupuncture was applied at Jianyu (LI 15), Binao (LI 14), Zhouliao (LI 12), Shousanli (LI 10), Waiguan (TE 5) and Houxi (SI 3), electric stimulation was attached to Jianyu (LI 15)-Binao (LI 14), Zhouliao (LI 12)-Shousanli (LI 10) and Waiguan (TE 5)-Houxi (SI 3), with discontinuous wave, 15 Hz in frequency. On the basis of the treatment in the antagonistic muscle group, acupuncture was applied at Tianquan (PC 2), Chize (LU 5), Jianshi (PC 5) and Daling (PC 7) in the comprehensive group, electric stimulation was attached to Tianquan (PC 2)-Chize (LU 5) and Jianshi (PC 5)-Daling (PC 7), with continuous wave, 5 Hz in frequency. The treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week for 4 weeks in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of modified Ashworth scale (MAS), Fugl-Meyer assessment upper extremity scale (FMA-UE) and modified Barthel index (MBI) scale were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the MAS scores of elbow flexors and wrist flexors after treatment were decreased (P<0.05), the scores of FMA-UE and MBI scale after treatment were increased in the two groups (P<0.05). The scores of FMA-UE and MBI scale after treatment in the comprehensive group were higher than those in the antagonistic muscle group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Simultaneous electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle and agonistic muscle and simple electroacupuncture at antagonistic muscle can both improve the spasticity degree in patients with upper-extremity spasticity after stroke, however, the former can better restore motor function and improve activity of daily living.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Muscle Spasticity/therapy , Muscles , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the effect of low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) in promoting osteoblast mineralization and maturation is related to the primary cilia, polycystin2 (PC2) and sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#We detected the expression levels of PC2, sAC, PKA, CREB and their phosphorylated proteins in primary rat calvarial osteoblasts exposed to 50 Hz 0.6 mT PEMFs for 0, 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min. We blocked PC2 function with amiloride hydrochloride and detected the changes in the activity of sAC/PKA/CREB signal pathway and the mineralization and maturation of the osteoblasts. These examinations were repeated in the osteoblasts after specific knockdown of PC2 via RNA interference and were the co-localization of PC2, sAC, PKA, CREB and their phosphorylated proteins with the primary cilia were using immunofluorescence staining. The expressions of PC2 and the signaling proteins of sAC/PKA/CREB pathway were detected after inhibition of primary ciliation by RNA interference.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PC2, sAC, p-PKA and p- CREB were significantly increased in the osteoblasts after exposure to PEMFs for different time lengths (P < 0.01). Blocking PC2 function or PC2 knockdown in the osteoblasts resulted in failure of sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway activation and arrest of osteoblast mineralization and maturation. PC2, sAC, p-PKA and p-CREB were localized to the entire primary cilia or its roots, but PKA and CREB were not detected in the primary cilia. After interference of the primary cilia, PEMFs exposure no longer caused increase of PC2 expression and failed to activate the sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway or promote osteoblast mineralization and maturation.@*CONCLUSION@#PC2, located on the surface of the primary cilia of osteoblasts, can perceive and transmit the physical signals from PEMFs and promote the mineralization and maturation of osteoblasts by activating the PC2/ sAC/PKA/CREB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Electromagnetic Fields , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis/genetics , Signal Transduction
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 326-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935216

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of dihydromyricetin (DMY) on the proliferation, apoptosis and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell KYSE150 and KYSE410. Methods: KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells were treated with different concentrations of DMY (0, 25, 50, 100, 150, 200 μmol/L) for 24 hours. The median inhibition concentration (IC50) values of KYSE150 and KYSE410 were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. Then 0.5‰ dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as control group, dihydromyricetin (DMY), dihydromyricetin and transforming growth factor-β1 (DMY+ TGF-β1), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were used as experimental group. Cell proliferation and apoptosis rates were measured by clonal formation and flow cytometry. Transwell invasion and wound healing assay were used to detect cell invasion and migration. The protein expression levels of Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Bcl-2, Bax, Smad2/3, phosphorylation-Smad2/3 (p-Smad2/3) and Vimentin were detected by western blot. Results: The IC50 values of DMY on KYSE410 and KYSE150 cells were 100.51 and 101.27 μmol/L. The clone formation numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 in DMY group [(0.53±0.03) and (0.31±0.03)] were lower than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.10) and (1.00±0.05), P<0.05]. The apoptosis rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group [(1.84±0.22)% and (2.80±0.07)%] were higher than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.18)% and (1.00±0.07)%, P<0.05]. The invasion numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group [(0.42±0.03) and (0.29±0.05)] were lower than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.08) and (1.00±0.05), P<0.05]. The migration rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group [(0.65±0.14)% and (0.40±0.17)%] were lower than those in DMSO group [(1.00±0.10)% and (1.00±0.08)%, P<0.05]. The clone formation numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 in TGF-β1 group [(1.01±0.08) and (0.99±0.25)] were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(0.73±0.10) and (0.58±0.05), P<0.05]. The apoptosis rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group [(0.81±0.14)% and (1.18±0.10)%] were lower than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(1.38±0.22)% and (1.85±0.04)%, P<0.05]. The invasion numbers of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group [(1.19±0.11) and (1.39±0.11)] were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(0.93±0.09) and (0.93±0.05), P<0.05]. The migration rates of KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group [(1.87±0.19)% and (1.32±0.04)%] were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group [(0.86±0.16)% and (0.77±0.12)%, P<0.05]. The protein expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group were higher than those in DMSO group, while the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was lower than that in DMSO group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of p-Smad2/3, Smad2/3 and Vimentin in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY group were lower than those in DMSO group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group were lower than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group, and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was higher than that in DMY+ TGF-β1 group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in DMY+ TGF-β1 group were lower than those in DMY group, and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was higher than that in DMY group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of p-Smad2/3, Smad2/3 and Vimentin in KYSE150 and KYSE410 cells in TGF-β1 group were higher than those in DMY+ TGF-β1 group (P<0.05). Conclusion: DMY can inhibit the proliferation and EMT of ESCC mediated by TGF-β1 and promote cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Dimethyl Sulfoxide/pharmacology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Flavonols , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology , Vimentin/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1005-1013, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970095

ABSTRACT

The TRPC family consists of multiple important cationic channels in mammals that participate in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Our previous studies have shown that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) increases the expression of TRPC6 in podocytes, but the roles of other members of the TRPC family in podocytes require further investigation. In this study, we investigated the effect of TGF-β1 on the expression of the TRPC family and the role of the TRPC family in the changes of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in podocytes induced by TGF-β1. The model of podocyte injury was established by treatment with TGF-β1 in immortalized glomerular podocytes (MPC5) in vitro. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the effect of TGF-β1 on the mRNA and protein expression of each TRPC family member. After the expression of each TRPC family member was knocked down by a siRNA-based approach and blocked by SKF96365, respectively, free cytosolic Ca2+ was measured using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator Fluo-3/AM, and the dynamic change of [Ca2+]i in podocytes was detected by a dynamic high-speed calcium imaging system. The results showed that TGF-β1 increased the protein expression of TRPC1/3/6 in podocytes, but had no effects on the protein expression of TRPC4. The protein expression levels of TRPC5/7 were only affected by 4 ng/mL and 8 ng/mL TGF-β1, respectively. TGF-β1 increased TRPC1/3/6 mRNA levels in podocytes, however had no effects on TRPC4/5/7 mRNA. TGF-β1 significantly increased [Ca2+]i in podocytes. Knockdown of TRPC1/4/5/7 in podocytes had no significant effect on the [Ca2+]i induced by TGF-β1, but TRPC3/6 knockdown significantly decreased the [Ca2+]i. There was no significant difference in the [Ca2+]i between the TRPC6 siRNA-treated group and SKF96365-treated group, but the [Ca2+]i of the TRPC3 siRNA-treated group was significantly higher than that of SKF96365-treated group. These results demonstrate that TGF-β1 increases the expression of the TRPC1/3/6 in podocytes. TGF-β1 increases [Ca2+]i in podocytes, which is dependent on the TRPC3/6 expression. Our results also suggest that the effect of TRPC6 on [Ca2+]i in podocytes may be greater than that of TRPC3.


Subject(s)
Animals , TRPC6 Cation Channel/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , TRPC Cation Channels/metabolism , Podocytes/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of conjoint fascia sheath suspension and levator palpebrae muscle shortening on congenital severe blepharoptosis.Methods:From June 2014 to December 2018, 30 cases (40 eyes) of congenital severe ptosis were treated in Ningbo First Hospital and Shaoxing Women and Children's Hospital. All patients were corrected by conjoint fascia sheath suspension and levator palpebrae muscle shortening. Six months after operation, the distance between the middle point of upper eyelid margin and corneal reflex point was measured to evaluate the correction effect of blepharoptosis; the improvement of upper eyelid appearance was evaluated by 5-point Likert scale (LS), and the incidence of complications was counted.Results:Thirty patients (40 eyes) were followed up for 6-12 months. Correction effect showed that preoperative marginal reflex distance (MRD) was (0.10±0.05) and postoperative MRD was (3.80±0.55); the difference was statistically significant ( t=0.95, P<0.05); 38 eyes (95%) were corrected and 2 eyes (5%) were undercorrected; appearance of upper eyelid showed that preoperative LS was (0.50±0.05) and postoperative LS (3.80±0.55); the difference was statistically significant ( t=0.98, P<0.05). Only one case was complicated with keratitis caused by improper early nursing after incomplete closure exposure, and the patient was cured by sealing the eyes combined with drug conservative treatment. Conclusions:Combined conjoint fascial sheath suspension and levator palpebrae shortening in the treatment of severe blepharoptosis has significant effect, with the advantages of simple operation, small surgical trauma, low recurrence rate, low incidence of complications, high predictability of surgical results and high satisfactory rate of patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015943

ABSTRACT

Lipid raft nanodomains of plasma membrane are rich in saturated lipids‚ cholesterol‚ sphingolipids‚ functioning as multimolecular platforms to recruit signaling and trafficking proteins involved in an array of physiological processes‚ which are critical for regulating signal transduction in cell. The staggering complexity of cell membranes and the transient formation of nanodomains greatly hinder research on lipid rafts by traditional experimental means. Molecular dynamics simulations have provided important insight into the organizational principles of cell membranes recently. Simulated membrane systems are under a transition from simple membrane models to multicomponent systems‚ culminating in realistic models of various cell types. Coarse-grained models have been extensively adopted as a powerful tool to explore membrane organization and interactions between lipids and proteins‚ providing efficient computational speed and enabling complex systems. In this work‚ coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations with MARTINI force field were performed to build a raft-forming membrane with mixed lipids‚ including negatively charged lipid PIP2. Mixed lipids in this model were spontaneously partitioned into binary-phase membrane during 5 μs simulations by low temperature (295 K) treatment‚ forming lipid ordered (Lo) and liquid-disordered (Ld) nanodomains. Results of membrane thickness‚ lipid distribution‚ membrane fluidity‚ order parameters of the acyl tails‚ radial distribution functions were consistent with simulation and experimental data. Addition of small amounts of PIP2 did not affect the raft formation‚ and it showed remarkable affinity to lipid raft nanodomains. Simulations of the signaling transmembrane protein CD3ε in our raft-forming membranes were further performed to study the protein-lipid interaction as well. Results showed that the cytoplasmic tail of CD3ε was recruited to the Lo/ Ld boundary due to PIP2 binding‚ and this binding was regulated by Ca

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 161-164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014309

ABSTRACT

Botulinum toxin-A ( botulinum toxin-A, BTX-A) is a double chain polypeptide structure formed by 100 kDa heavy chain and 50 kDa light chain through disulfide bond. The light chain is a kind of protease, which can combine with the fusion protein at the neuromuscular junction to prevent synaptic vesicles from anchoring on cell membrane and release acetylcholine, thus interfering with the transmission of nerve impulses. In recent years, the discussion on the clinical application of BTX-A has been a hot spot. Studies have shown that Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) can effectively treat pain, exerting the characteristics of sustainable effect without addiction, but the mechanism of action of BTX-A is still controversial. This article reviews the mechanism of BTX-A in peripheral and central nervous system.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression and mechanism of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HCG22 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).@*METHODS@#HCG22 levels were detected in the OSCC and adjacent tissues, OSCC cells, and normal oral keratinocytes. HCG22 expression in SCC-25 and HSC-3 cells was upregulated by transfection of the overexpressing plasmi dvector. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, and Transwell assay were employed to detect changes in cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion ability, while Western blotting was used to detect the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transformation-related proteins. The expression level of miR-650 in the cells was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was applied to assess the targeting relationship between HCG22 and miR-650.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in adjacent tissues, the expression of HCG22 significantly decreased in OSCC tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#HCG22 is expressed at low levels in OSCC. Upregulation of the expression of this lncRNA can inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of OSCC cells. The mechanism of action of HCG22 may be related to its targeted regulation of miR-650.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms , MicroRNAs/genetics , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923810

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically identify, describe, and evaluate research evidence related to exercise intervention in patients with depression through the evidence mapping method. Methods Related studies on exercise intervention for patients with depression were searched in CNKI, Wanfang Data, CBM, VIP, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and PubMed from inception to July, 2021. The quality of the studies was assessed using the risk of bias (RoB) tool recommended by the Cochrane Handbook Version 5.1.0 and A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Review-2 (AMSTAR-2). Based on World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs) framework, an evidence mapping framework was established, using EPPI software and Microsoft Excel 2019 tools for data extraction and coding, and using bubble charts to comprehensively present the research population, intervention categories, original research sample size, and the number of studies included in the systematic review/meta-analysis, conclusion classification and other information. Results A total of 101 randomized controlled trials and 52 systematic reviews/meta-analyses were included. The randomized controlled trials involved three types of intervention strategies with 15 different interventions, mainly including unspecified exercise intervention (28, 27.72%) and yoga intervention (19, 18.81%). The main research outcomes included b1. Global mental functions (92, 91.09%) and d9. Community, social and civic life (19, 18.81%). Among the three types of intervention strategies, rehabilitation accounted for the highest proportion, with 47 studies in total, accounting for 46.53%. The main research population was patients with other specified depression (19, 40.42%), such as patients with major depression and elderly depression. Forty-six research conclusions (97.87%) were classified as "beneficial" or "probably beneficial". In 52 systematic reviews/meta-analyses, nine interventions were involved, mainly including unspecified exercise intervention (17, 32.69%) and yoga intervention (12, 23.08%). The main study outcomes included b1. Global mental functions (41, 78.85%) and adverse reactions (12, 23.08%). Among the three types of intervention strategies, the treatment type accounted for the highest proportion, with a total of 34 studies, accounting for 65.38%. The study population was mainly patients with other specific depression (27, 79.41%), such as adult depression and pregnant women with depression, 28 (82.35%) of the research conclusions were classified as "beneficial" or " probably beneficial". At the same time, the intervention environment/background was mainly outpatient and inpatient environment. Conclusion Exercise intervention may be beneficial for patients with depression. However, the effectiveness of walking, cycling, Qigong, resistance training, and sports game interventions, the optimal intervention duration or intensity, and the adverse effects of the intervention, still need to be further explored by high-quality study in the future.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923794

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically identify, describe, and evaluate research evidence related to exercise intervention in patients with depression through the evidence mapping method. Methods Related studies on exercise intervention for patients with depression were searched in CNKI, Wanfang Data, CBM, VIP, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and PubMed from inception to July, 2021. The quality of the studies was assessed using the risk of bias (RoB) tool recommended by the Cochrane Handbook Version 5.1.0 and A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Review-2 (AMSTAR-2). Based on World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs) framework, an evidence mapping framework was established, using EPPI software and Microsoft Excel 2019 tools for data extraction and coding, and using bubble charts to comprehensively present the research population, intervention categories, original research sample size, and the number of studies included in the systematic review/meta-analysis, conclusion classification and other information. Results A total of 101 randomized controlled trials and 52 systematic reviews/meta-analyses were included. The randomized controlled trials involved three types of intervention strategies with 15 different interventions, mainly including unspecified exercise intervention (28, 27.72%) and yoga intervention (19, 18.81%). The main research outcomes included b1. Global mental functions (92, 91.09%) and d9. Community, social and civic life (19, 18.81%). Among the three types of intervention strategies, rehabilitation accounted for the highest proportion, with 47 studies in total, accounting for 46.53%. The main research population was patients with other specified depression (19, 40.42%), such as patients with major depression and elderly depression. Forty-six research conclusions (97.87%) were classified as "beneficial" or "probably beneficial". In 52 systematic reviews/meta-analyses, nine interventions were involved, mainly including unspecified exercise intervention (17, 32.69%) and yoga intervention (12, 23.08%). The main study outcomes included b1. Global mental functions (41, 78.85%) and adverse reactions (12, 23.08%). Among the three types of intervention strategies, the treatment type accounted for the highest proportion, with a total of 34 studies, accounting for 65.38%. The study population was mainly patients with other specific depression (27, 79.41%), such as adult depression and pregnant women with depression, 28 (82.35%) of the research conclusions were classified as "beneficial" or " probably beneficial". At the same time, the intervention environment/background was mainly outpatient and inpatient environment. Conclusion Exercise intervention may be beneficial for patients with depression. However, the effectiveness of walking, cycling, Qigong, resistance training, and sports game interventions, the optimal intervention duration or intensity, and the adverse effects of the intervention, still need to be further explored by high-quality study in the future.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 841-848, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876518

ABSTRACT

The poor stability of the ligustilide (LIG) makes its quantitation in Angelica sinensis (AS) difficult. This study establishes a chemical conversion method for the determination of ligustilide content in AS and proposes a national pharmacopoeia standard. Mechanical agitation and sonication of a powdered AS extract in a methanol/cyprolamine mixture facilitated the stabilization and transformation of ligustilide. Using an external reference HPLC-DAD method, the cyclopropyl-ligustilide (LIGc) content in the mixture could be determined. The content of ligustilide was greater than 1.0% based on 144 AS specimens including 68 obtained from the originally planted areas of Qinghai and Gansu Province; 55 specimens were obtained from Minxian and Weiyuan County medicine markets, and 21 specimens for which the storage period reached or exceeded 1.5 years. According to the Hong Kong Chinese materis medica standards, the content of ligustilide in AS should not be lower than 0.6%. The developed method could also be applied to the quality control of other Chinese medicinal materials (such as Ligusticum chuanxiong) or Chinese patent medicines in which ligustilide is the main component.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888012

ABSTRACT

Isomers are widely distributed in Chinese herbal medicines,and can be discriminated by energy-resolved mass spectrometry( ER-MS). However,ER-MS was performed through direct injection of reference compounds with syringe pump,which encountered a significant technical barrier for high-throughput and automated measurements. Herein,online ER-MS was conducted using LC-MS platform,and a pair of isomers,kaempferol vs luteolin,were employed as a case study to illustrate and assess the utility of online ER-MS for isomeric discrimination. High-resolution tandem mass spectrometry data of both flavonoids were acquired on LC-QE-Orbitrap-MS,and the fragmentation pathways responsible for the primary fragment ions were proposed. The primary signal in MS1 occurred at m/z 285( [M-H]-),and the primary signals of either compound generated by retro-Diels-Alder fragmentation were observed at m/z 151 and 133. The spectral information was subsequently transferred onto LC-Qtrap-MS platform to carry out online ER-MS. Two precursor-to-product ion transition candidates were constructed as m/z 285>151 and 285>133,and either afterward derived a set of pseudo-ion transitions( PITs) and so forth,exactly corresponding to a series of progressive collision energies( eg-5,-8,-11 e V,and so on). All PITs were typed into the monitoring list of multiple reaction monitoring program to generate the peak area datasets. Either dataset was normalized using the highest values in the set and imported into Graph Pad Prism software to plot the Gaus-sian-shaped curve that was termed as the break-down graph. The apex of the regressive curve was termed as optimal collision energy( OCE). The OCE values corresponding to m/z 285>151 were calculated as-29. 06 e V and-35. 71 e V for kaempferol and luteolin,respectively. In the case of m/z 285>133,the OCEs were yielded as-44. 15 e V for kaempferol and-49. 01 e V for luteolin. With re-ference to their chemical structures,the location of hydroxyl group was regarded to be responsible for the differences of either m/z 285>151 or 285>133 between the isomers,attributing to their different bond properties. Above all,online ER-MS offers an eligible tool for isomeric discrimination,and provides meaningful information for the accurate chemical composition characterization based on LC-MS,which is not limited to Chinese herbal medicines.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Flavonoids , Kaempferols , Luteolin , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942901

ABSTRACT

With the increase of people's health awareness and the progress of medical diagostic technology in recent years, the diagnosis rate of early gastric cancer is increasing year by year. Although radical surgery has good efficacy, how to maximize the preservation of the normal anatomy and function of the stomach and improve the quality of life of patients in the pursuit of radical surgery has become a more important issue in the treatment of early gastric cancer. Under the condition of ensuring radical lymph node dissection, function-preserving gastrectomy can fully preserve gastric function by reducing the resection extent and preserving the pylorus and the vagus nerve, which has advantage of improving quality of life and has great potential in the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, there is no functional evaluation standard for function-preserving gastrectomy at present. Most of the patients are evaluated by quality of life scale, which is relatively subjective. Even though the evaluation of endoscopy, hematology and other objective means can indicate the benefit degree in quality of life brought by functional reconstruction, the evidence level is limited. Therefore, this paper discusses the research status of function-preserving gastrectomy evaluation, postoperative complications, postoperative nutritional status, auxiliary examination and other items in the evaluation of gastric function, and analyzes the prospects of research direction in this field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Pylorus , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of myocutaneous flap combined with antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement in the treatment of Cierny-Mader type III-IV osteomyelitis.Methods:From April, 2014 to March, 2019, 53 patients with Cierny-Mader type III-IV chronic osteomyelitis were treated with myocutaneous flap combined with antibiotic-loaded PMMA cement. There were 33 males and 20 females, with an average age of (52.2±3.0) (29-78) years old. The area of the wound ranged from 2.0 cm×2.0 cm to 14.0 cm×28.0 cm. All flaps were closed directly. There were 23 patients who were removed the cement at 3 months after surgery, and the other 30 were not. After the surgery, the blood supply of the flap, the effusion of the wound, the complications of the donor area, signs of fresh bone destruction on X-ray and the color, the texture and scar of the flap were observed in the follow-up at the clinic.Results:Forty-nine cases healed in one stage, and 4 had delayed healing. Postoperative vascular crisis occurred in 6 cases and releasesd by prompt surgical exploration. The patients were followed-up for 0.6-3.0 years, with an average of 18 months. All 53 myocutaneous flaps completely survived ultimately. The color of flaps was similar to the recipient areas, and the flaps were smooth and soft and satisfactory in appearance. During the follow-up period, X-ray examination showed no sign of fresh bone destruction. Osteomyelitis was significantly controlled. There was no inflammation reaction such as swelling, pain, ulceration and effusion of the flaps, and there was no recurrence of osteomyelitis. All donor areas healed primarily.Conclusion:Myocutaneous flap combined with antibiotic-loaded PMMA cement has achieved good anti-infection effects in satisfactory results, less postoperative complications and low recurrence rate in the treatment of Cierny-Mader type III-IV osteomyelitis. Application and promotion of such technique would deliver good benefits.

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