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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 369-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of a disintegrin and metalloprotease 12 (ADAM12) gene in chondrocyte injury in patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) and its impact on genes related to insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP).Methods:Articular cartilage samples were obtained from 5 patients with KBD and 5 control subjects admitted to Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University. Chondrocytes were extracted and cultured in vitro. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of ADAM12 mRNA and protein in chondrocytes of patients with KBD and control subjects, respectively. Subsequently, ADAM12 gene overexpression was performed using lentivirus in chondrocytes of patients with KBD. MTT assay was used to detect changes in cell viability after ADAM12 gene overexpression, and qRT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of chondrocyte differentiation related genes SRY-box transcription factor 9 (SOX9) and type Ⅱ collagen (COLⅡ), apoptosis-related gene B-cell lymphoma/leukaemia-2-associated X protein (BAX), and anabolic related genes IGFBP3 and IGFBP5. Results:The expression levels of ADAM12 mRNA and protein in chondrocytes of patients with KBD (0.57 ± 0.05, 0.81 ± 0.07) were significantly lower than those of control subjects (1.00 ± 0.00, 1.00 ± 0.00), and the differences were statistically significant ( t = - 24.50, - 3.61, P < 0.05). The results of MTT assay showed that the cell viability of chondrocytes in ADAM12 overexpression group (1.09 ± 0.05) was higher than that in empty vector control group (1.00 ± 0.08), and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 4.12, P = 0.031). The results of qRT-PCR showed that compared with empty vector control group, the mRNA expression levels of IGFBP3 (2.35 ± 0.79 vs 0.96 ± 0.25), IGFBP5 (2.13 ± 0.30 vs 0.98 ± 0.34), SOX9 (2.92 ± 0.51 vs 0.94 ± 0.36) and COLⅡ (6.45 ± 2.81 vs 0.87 ± 0.19) in ADAM12 overexpression group were significantly increased, and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 3.19, 5.16, 6.27, 4.10, P < 0.05); while the expression level of BAX mRNA (0.31 ± 0.06 vs 1.02 ± 0.22) was significantly decreased, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = - 11.16, P < 0.001). Conclusion:The ADAM12 gene may have a role in inhibiting apoptosis and promoting differentiation in chondrocyte injury in patients with KBD, and its overexpression can increase expression of IGFBP3 and IGFBP5.

2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 334-342, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The prevalence and related factors of serum anti-HCV in different regions and hospitals have not been studied extensively in China. We used routine screening data to determine the prevalence of HCV antibody in hospital patients, evaluate the epidemic trend of hepatitis C and formulate screening strategies.@*METHODS@#Patient information and HCV antibody testing results were collected from January 2017 to December 2019 in 77 HCV sentinel hospitals in China. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the characteristics and associations.@*RESULTS@#HCV antibody prevalence rates were distinct among patients in different departments, with a range of 0.33%-6.93%. Patients who were admitted to the liver disease-related departments (a OR = 10.76; 95% CI, 10.27-11.28), Internal Medicine (a OR = 2.87; 95% CI, 2.75-3.00), and Department of Surgery (a OR = 1.95; 95% CI, 1.87-2.04), were more likely to be tested for HCV antibody positive. HCV antibody prevalence was associated with patients aged 45 years and older (a OR = 2.74; 95% CI, 2.69-2.80), testing in infetious disease hospitals (a OR = 2.33; 95% CI, 2.26-2.40) and secondary hospitals (a OR = 1.72; 95% CI, 1.69-1.75). Patients in sentinel hospitals of the Northeast (a OR = 12.75; 95% CI, 12.40-13.11), the Central (a OR = 1.65; 95% CI, 1.61-1.70), and the West (a OR = 1.78; 95% CI, 1.73-1.83) China had higher HCV prevalence than those who were in the Eastern coastal area.@*CONCLUSION@#Those who were over 45 years old and saw doctors for liver diseases, and invasive diagnosis and treatment should be referred to HCV antibody testing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Hepatitis C/complications , Hepacivirus , Hospitals , Hepatitis C Antibodies , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 209-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980191

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the most common cerebrovascular diseases, including hemorrhagic stroke and ischemic stroke. From a modern medical perspective, stroke is caused by cerebrovascular damage or embolism leading to impaired blood circulation. From the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) perspective, the pathogenesis of this disease is mainly due to the disorder of Qi and blood, which ascend to the brain, causing either blood extravasation or blockage of brain collaterals. Stasis is a pathological factor that runs throughout the entire course of stroke, and the method of promoting blood circulation and resolving stasis has been a core treatment for stroke for a long time. Hirudo, as a traditional insect drug, has shown good effects in promoting blood circulation and resolving stasis. Modern pharmacological research has confirmed that Hirudo contains anticoagulant components, which provide significant advantages in dissolving thrombi in ischemic stroke and facilitating hematoma absorption in hemorrhagic stroke. Hirudo and its related preparations have been proven to exert an anti-stroke effect through anticoagulation, anti-thrombosis, and protection of vascular endothelium. As a result, they have been widely used in the treatment of stroke. This article explored the theoretical basis and research status of using Hirudo for treating stroke based on its main active components and hemostatic properties and summarized the current research status of commonly used Hirudo-based formulations and preparations, aiming to provide references for the involvement of Hirudo in stroke treatment.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 193-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989431

ABSTRACT

With the advent of an aging society, the proportion of acetabular fractures in the elderly is increasing. Acetabular fracture belongs to intra-articular fracture. The treatment principle should be to restore the continuity of articular surface anatomy and the concentric relationship between the acetabular load bearing area and the femoral head as far as possible, rebuild the stability of the hip joint, promote the functional recovery of the hip joint, and help patients to carry out functional exercise at an early stage, so as to obtain a good prognosis. However, the treatment plan of the elderly is different from that of young patients due to problems such as insufficient bone mass, basic diseases and physiological weakness, which is a new challenge for orthopedic doctors. In this paper, the selection of different treatment schemes for elderly acetabular fracture is summarized, in order to provide help for clinicians in the treatment of elderly acetabular fracture.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E014-E029, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987909

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury ( TBI ) has caused serious economic and social burdens, but due to its heterogeneity, there is no effective treatment. In TBI with different severity, diffuse axonal injury (DAI) incidenceis high. The investigation on DAI will contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of TBI. In this study, the classification of TBI and the research status of DAI were summarized. The method to judge the severity of TBI and DAI, and animal experimental models and related injury criteria and thresholds were reviewed. The result show that DAI is mainly generated by rotational acceleration and it is related to angular acceleration, angular velocity and duration. Several TBI animal models can induce the pathology of DAI, and inertial rotation models which can produce only rotational acceleration have been developed. However, these models are instantaneous rotation models, and the rotation duration is uncontrollable, thus a longer duration is impossible, and DAI severity under long rotational motion cannot be studied. The study proposes that a new rotation animal model which can control rotation duration should be developed. The development of the animal model and investigation on pathomechanism of the model will contribute to the prevention and treatment of DAI.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1741-1744, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987901

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effects of aromatase inhibitors(AIs)on the ocular surface microenvironment of the users.METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted. The study included postmenopausal women who received AIs treatment at galactophore department of our hospital from November 2022 to May 2023. Participants were divided into two groups based on the mechanism of AIs: the steroidal group and the non-steroidal group. The control group consisted of age-matched women who underwent occupational health examinations. All participants completed the ocular surface disease index(OSDI)questionnaire and underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations, including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, axial length, corneal curvature, radius of curvature of curved lacrimal river surface, tear osmolarity, tear film break-up time, corneal fluorescein staining score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, and meibomian gland infrared score.RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in age, best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, axial length, and corneal curvature between control group and steroidal and non-steroidal group(P&#x003E;0.05). The duration of drug treatment between the steroidal group and the non-steroidal group also showed no statistically significant difference(P&#x003E;0.05). However, statistically significant differences were observed between the control group and the steroidal and non-steroidal group in OSDI scores, radius of curvature of curved lacrimal river surface, tear osmolarity, tear film break-up time, corneal fluorescein staining score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, and meibomian gland infrared score(P&#x003C;0.05). The Schirmer Ⅰ test also showed statistically significant differences between the steroidal group and the non-steroidal group(P&#x003C;0.05), while other data showed no statistically significant differences(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal patients receiving AIs treatment experienced significant changes in the ocular microenvironment, with both decreased tear secretion and excessive tear evaporation contributing to the occurrence of dry eye. Notably, patients receiving non-steroidal AIs treatment showed a more significant reduction in main lacrimal gland secretion.

7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 137-142, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970990

ABSTRACT

Selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) is a surgical treatment for primary premature ejaculation (PE), but there is still no standard surgical procedure for selecting the branches of the dorsal penile nerves to be removed. We performed this study to explore the value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the penile sensory-evoked potential (PSEP) for standard surgical procedures in SDN. One hundred and twenty primary PE patients undergoing SDN were selected as the PE group and 120 non-PE patients were selected as the normal group. The PSEP was monitored and compared between the two groups under both natural and general anesthesia (GA) states. In addition, patients in the PE group were randomly divided into the IONM group and the non-IONM group. During SDN surgery, PSEP parameters of the IONM group were recorded and analyzed. The differences in PE-related outcome measurements between the perioperative period and 3 months' postoperation were compared for the PE patients, and the differences in effectiveness and complications between the IONM group and the non-IONM group were compared. The results showed that the average latency of the PSEP in the PE group was shorter than that in the normal group under both natural and GA states (P < 0.001). Three months after surgery, the significant effective rates in the IONM and non-IONM groups were 63.6% and 34.0%, respectively (P < 0.01), and the difference in complications between the two groups was significant (P < 0.05). IONM might be useful in improving the short-term therapeutic effectiveness and reducing the complications of SDN.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Premature Ejaculation/surgery , Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods , Prospective Studies , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Penis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 49-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970951

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the basic characteristics of previously reported patients with hepatitis C and analyze the related factors affecting their antiviral treatment. Methods: A convenient sampling method was adopted. Patients who had been previously diagnosed with hepatitis C in the Wenshan Prefecture of Yunnan Province and Xuzhou City of Jiangsu Province were contacted by telephone for an interview study. The Andersen health service utilization behavior model and related literature were used to design the research framework for antiviral treatment in previously reported hepatitis C patients. A step-by-step multivariate regression analysis was used in previously reported hepatitis C patients treated with antiviral therapy. Results: A total of 483 hepatitis C patients, aged 51.73 ± 12.06 years, were investigated. The proportion of male, agricultural occupants who were registered permanent residents, farmers and migrant workers was 65.24%, 67.49%, and 58.18%, respectively. Han ethnicity (70.81%), married (77.02%), and junior high school and below educational level (82.61%) were the main ones. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that married patients with hepatitis C (OR = 3.19, 95% CI: 1.93-5.25, compared with unmarried, divorced, and widowed patients) with high school education or above (OR = 2.54, 95% CI: 1.54-4.20, compared with patients with junior high school education or below) were more likely to receive antiviral treatment in the predisposition module. Patients with severe self-perceived hepatitis C in the need factor module (compared with patients with mild self-perceived disease, OR = 3.36, 95% CI: 2.09-5.40) were more likely to receive treatment. In the competency module, the family's per capita monthly income was more than 1,000 yuan (compared with patients with per capita monthly income below 1,000 yuan, OR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.02-2.47), and the patients had a high level of awareness of hepatitis C knowledge (compared with patients with a low level of knowledge, OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.01-2.35), and the family members who knew the patient's infection status (compared with patients with an unknown infection status, OR = 4.59, 95% CI: 2.24-9.39) were more likely to receive antiviral treatment. Conclusion: Different income, educational, and marital statuses are related to antiviral treatment behavior in hepatitis C patients. Family support of hepatitis C patients receiving hepatitis C-related knowledge and their families knowing the infection status is more important in promoting the antiviral treatment of patients, suggesting that in the future, we should further strengthen the hepatitis C knowledge of hepatitis C patients, especially the family support of hepatitis C patients' families in treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , China , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepacivirus , Logistic Models
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary and secondary pancreatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Clinical data of patients with pancreatic DLBCL admitted at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2003 to June 2020 were analyzed. Gene mutation profiles were evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) . Results: Overall, 80 patients were included; 12 patients had primary pancreatic DLBCL (PPDLBCL), and 68 patients had secondary pancreatic DLBCL (SPDLBCL). Compared with those with PPDLBCL, patients with SPDLBCL had a higher number of affected extranodal sites (P<0.001) and had higher IPI scores (P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the OS (P=0.120) and PFS (P=0.067) between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.025) and double expressor (DE) (P=0.017) were independent adverse prognostic factors of OS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.021) was an independent adverse prognostic factor of PFS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. Targeted sequencing of 29 patients showed that the mutation frequency of PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 in patients with pancreatic DLBCL were all >20%. PIM1 (P=0.006 for OS, P=0.032 for PFS) and MYD88 (P=0.001 for OS, P=0.017 for PFS) mutations were associated with poor OS and PFS in patients with SPDLBCL. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the OS and PFS between patients with PPDLBCL and those with SPDLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk and DE were adverse prognostic factors of pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 were common mutations in pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1 and MYD88 mutations indicated worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pancreas/pathology , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 759-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982669

ABSTRACT

Patients who are bedridden are for a long-time prone to develop bedsores, especially in the hip and sacral areas and limbs, which causes eczema, ulcers, infection and other complications, resulting in pain and more medical costs. Therefore, the medical staff of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University designed and developed a kind of anti-bedsore turning pad, and has obtained the national utility model patent (ZL 2021 2 3004923.9), which is suitable for various long-term bedridden patients. The anti-bedsore turning pad includes the center axis of the turning pad, and ventilation pad 1 and ventilation pad 2 designed on the left and right of turning pad center axis. Under the ventilation pad 1 and the ventilation pad 2, the air pad 1 and the air pad 2 are respectively designed. There is a bedspread connected with ventilation pad 1 and ventilation pad 2 on the inflatable pad 1 and the inflatable pad 2. Through the design of inflatable pad 1 and inflatable pad 2, the left and right of the anti-bedsore turning pad can be lowered or raised independently, which is convenient for the patient's body to tilt and turn over, and can significantly reduce the number of nursing staff and the burden of nursing staff when turning over. In addition, it is convenient to replace the force site at any time and reduce the occurrence of pressure ulcers caused by long-term pressure on the force site. Through the design of ventilation cushion 1 and ventilation cushion 2, the internal gas flow of the turning pad can be made, and the ventilation between the patient and the turning pad can be kept dry, so as to reduce the occurrence of eczema, ulcers or infection and other complications, and ultimately reduce the occurrence of bedsores. In addition, through the design of the most superficial limb pad, the patient's limb can be appropriately elevated or massaged, which increases the comfort of the patient. The anti-bedsore turning pad is simple and effective, and can be widely used in long-term bedridden patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pressure Ulcer/epidemiology , Ulcer , Respiration , Risk Factors , Eczema
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 156-161, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap during transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate (TUPEP) on early recovery of urinary continence.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) admitted in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University during February and May 2022 were collected. All the patients underwent TUPEP, and the progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap was performed in the procedure. The total operation time, enucleation time, postoperative bladder irrigation time and catheter indwelling time were recorded. Urinary continence was evaluated 24 h, 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 months after the removal of urinary catheter.@*RESULTS@#All surgeries were successfully completed at one time with less intraoperative bleeding, and there were no complications such as rectal injury, bladder injury or perforation of prostate capsule. The total operation time was (62.2±6.5) min, the enucleation time was (42.8±5.2) min, the postoperative hemoglobin decrease by (9.5±4.5) g/L, the postoperative bladder irrigation time was (7.9±1.4) h, and the postoperative catheter indwelling time was 10.0 (9.2, 11.4) h. Only 2 patients (3.6%) had transient urinary incontinence within 24 h after catheter removal. No urinary incontinence occurred at 1 week, and 1, 3, 6 months after operation, and no safety pad was needed. The Qmax at 1 month after operation was 22.3 (20.6, 24.4) mL/s, international prostate symptom scores were 8.0 (7.0, 9.0), 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) and 4.0 (3.0, 4.0) at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery, and quality of life scores at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery were 3.0 (2.0, 3.0), 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) and 1.0 (1.0, 2.0), all of these indicators were better than those before surgery (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the treatment of BPH, the application of progressive pre-disconnection of urethral mucosal flap in TUPEP can completely remove the hyperplastic glands and promote early recovery of postoperative urinary continence with less perioperative bleeding and decreased surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate/methods , Quality of Life , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Incontinence/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2176-2183, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981348

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect and the potential mechanism of leonurine(Leo) against erastin-induced ferroptosis in human renal tubular epithelial cells(HK-2 cells), an in vitro erastin-induced ferroptosis model was constructed to detect the cell viability as well as the expressions of ferroptosis-related indexes and signaling pathway-related proteins. HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro, and the effects of Leo on the viability of HK-2 cells at 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 μmol·L~(-1) were examined by CCK-8 assay to determine the safe dose range of Leo administration. A ferroptosis cell model was induced by erastin, a common ferroptosis inducer, and the appropriate concentrations were screened. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effects of Leo(20, 40, 80 μmol·L~(-1)) and positive drug ferrostatin-1(Fer-1, 1, 2 μmol·L~(-1)) on the viability of ferroptosis model cells, and the changes of cell morphology were observed by phase contrast microscopy. Then, the optimal concentration of Leo was obtained by Western blot for nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2) activation, and transmission electron microscope was further used to detect the characteristic microscopic morphological changes during ferroptosis. Flow cytometry was performed to detect reactive oxygen species(ROS), and the level of glutathione(GSH) was measured using a GSH assay kit. The expressions of glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), p62, and heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) in each group were quantified by Western blot. RESULTS:: showed that Leo had no side effects on the viability of normal HK-2 cells in the concentration range of 10-100 μmol·L~(-1). The viability of HK-2 cells decreased as the concentration of erastin increased, and 5 μmol·L~(-1) erastin significantly induced ferroptosis in the cells. Compared with the model group, Leo dose-dependently increased cell via-bility and improved cell morphology, and 80 μmol·L~(-1) Leo promoted the translocation of Nrf2 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Further studies revealed that Leo remarkably alleviated the characteristic microstructural damage of ferroptosis cells caused by erastin, inhibited the release of intracellular ROS, elevated GSH and GPX4, promoted the nuclear translocation of Nrf2, and significantly upregulated the expression of p62 and HO-1 proteins. In conclusion, Leo exerted a protective effect on erastin-induced ferroptosis in HK-2 cells, which might be associated with its anti-oxidative stress by activating p62/Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferroptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Sincalide/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Glutathione
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984622

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with testicular DLBCL admitted to Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from October 2001 to April 2020. The gene mutation profile was evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes) , and prognostic factors were analyzed. Results: A total of 68 patients were included, of whom 45 (66.2% ) had primary testicular DLBCL and 23 (33.8% ) had secondary testicular DLBCL. The proportion of secondary testicular DLBCL patients with Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P<0.001) , elevated LDH (P<0.001) , ECOG score ≥ 2 points (P=0.005) , and IPI score 3-5 points (P<0.001) is higher than that of primary testicular DLBCL patients. Sixty-two (91% ) patients received rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) -based first-line regimen, whereas 54 cases (79% ) underwent orchiectomy prior to chemotherapy. Patients with secondary testicular DLBCL had a lower estimated 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate (16.5% vs 68.1% , P<0.001) and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate (63.4% vs 74.9% , P=0.008) than those with primary testicular DLBCL, and their complete remission rate (57% vs 91% , P=0.003) was also lower than that of primary testicular DLBCL. The ECOG scores of ≥2 (PFS: P=0.018; OS: P<0.001) , Ann Arbor stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ (PFS: P<0.001; OS: P=0.018) , increased LDH levels (PFS: P=0.015; OS: P=0.006) , and multiple extra-nodal involvements (PFS: P<0.001; OS: P=0.013) were poor prognostic factors in testicular DLBCL. Targeted sequencing data in 20 patients with testicular DLBCL showed that the mutation frequencies of ≥20% were PIM1 (12 cases, 60% ) , MYD88 (11 cases, 55% ) , CD79B (9 cases, 45% ) , CREBBP (5 cases, 25% ) , KMT2D (5 cases, 25% ) , ATM (4 cases, 20% ) , and BTG2 (4 cases, 20% ) . The frequency of mutations in KMT2D in patients with secondary testicular DLBCL was higher than that in patients with primary testicular DLBCL (66.7% vs 7.1% , P=0.014) and was associated with a lower 5-year PFS rate in patients with testicular DLBCL (P=0.019) . Conclusion: Patients with secondary testicular DLBCL had worse PFS and OS than those with primary testicular DLBCL. The ECOG scores of ≥2, Ann Arbor stages Ⅲ-Ⅳ, increased LDH levels, and multiple extra-nodal involvements were poor prognostic factors in testicular DLBCL. PIM1, MYD88, CD79B, CREBBP, KMT2D, ATM, and BTG2 were commonly mutated genes in testicular DLBCL, and the prognosis of patients with KMT2D mutations was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Adult , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , China/epidemiology , Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 457-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993214

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of resveratrol on radiation-induced myocardial injury in mice.Methods:A total of 80 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control group, resveratrol (Res) group, radiation (RT) group and radiation+resveratrol (RT+Res) group. In the RT group, mice were given with heart radiation and mice in the Res group were given with resveratrol by gavage for 3 months. Cardiac ultrasound was used to evaluate cardiac function at 3 months after cardiac radiation. The hearts of mice were collected for HE staining, immunofluorescence, TUNEL staining, Masson staining and Western blot to evaluate the expression of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), the level of oxidative stress, inflammatory response, apoptosis and the degree of fibrosis in myocardial tissues. Experimental data were expressed as Mean ± SD. Continous data were statistically analyzed by t-test. Results:After 3 months of irradiation, compared with the control group, the ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) of cardiac function were decreased, and myocardial degeneration and disorder, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory levels (interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α), myocardial apoptosis (TUNEL positive cell rate) and fibrosis were increased in the RT group. In the RT+Res group, the cardiac function was improved, the expression of SIRT1 was increased, and the levels of oxidative stress, inflammation, myocardial apoptosis and fibrosis were decreased.Conclusions:Resveratrol can reduce oxidative stress, inflammatory infiltration, apoptosis and fibrosis of myocardium in mice with radiation-induced myocardial injury, thereby improving cardiac structural abnormalities and cardiac dysfunction. This protective effect can be mediated by upregulation of SIRT1 expression.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 36-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of rotational errors (antero-posterior) on dosimetric parameters of positive lymph nodes in the long target volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plan for advanced cervical cancer and investigate its coping strategies.Methods:Clinical data of patients with cervical cancer complicated with para-aortic or inguinal lymph node metastasis admitted to Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College were randomly selected and retrospectively analyzed. The target areas of the lymph nodes at different distances from the center of the plan were outlined according to the requirements. After designing the VMAT plan on the CT images of each case, the rotational errors (antero-posterior) were introduced by changing the parameters of the treatment couch, and the dose distribution was reconstructed by dose calculation with other parameters unchanged. Then, the external boundary of the original lymph node target was added according to d=2πr(α/360) ( r is the distance from the center of the lymph node to the plan center), re-planned, and the changes of dosimetric parameters in the target area of the original lymph node were analyzed after the corresponding rotational errors were introduced. Results:When the distance between the lymph node target area and the plan center was 6 cm with an error of 3°, the distance was 9 cm and 12 cm with an error of 2.5°, the distance was 15 cm with an error of 2°, and the distance was 18 cm with an error of 1.5°, the mean change of D 95% was more than 5%. When the rotational errors were ≤1°, the mean change of D 95% in lymph node target area was less than 5%, and when the lymph node was 18 cm away from the treatment plan center, the mean change was more than 3%, reaching 3.75%. When the rotational errors were 0.5° and the distance from the plan center was 18 cm (0.5°, 18 cm), the dose change of lymph node target was more than 5%, reaching 5.58%. At (1°, 15 cm), the V 100% change reached 8.96%, and at (1°, 18 cm), the V 100% change was 14.5%. The D 95% and V 100% parameters of the original lymph node target were changed by less than 1% after adding the external boundary of the original lymph node target and introducing corresponding rotational errors. Conclusions:In the long target area radiotherapy of cervical cancer, the variation of dosimetric parameters of lymph node target was increased with the increase of rotational errors and with the increase of distance from the plan center. It is recommended to increase the efferent boundary of lymph nodes in different positions to avoid underdose by d=2πr(α/360).

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 560-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in hypoxia postconditioning-induced activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway in rat cardiomyocytes.Methods:Primary cardiomyocytes of adult rats were isolated and cultured and divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: normal group (group N), hypoxia-reoxygenation group (group HR), hypoxia postconditioning group (group HPO) and hypoxia postconditioning plus an ROS scavenger N-(2-Amidinopropionyl)-glycine (MPG) group (group HPO+ MPG). Cells were exposed to hypoxia for 45 min followed by 60 min reoxygenation to develop the cardiomyocyte hypoxia-reoxygenation injury model.In HPO group, cells were subjected to 3 cycles of 5-min hypoxia/5-min reoxygenation after 45 min hypoxia, followed by reoxygenation for 60 min.In HPO+ MPG group, MPG (final concentration 2 mmol/L) was added at 35 min of hypoxia, cells were subjected to hypoxia for 10 min, and the other treatments were similar to those previously described in group HPO.At the end of reoxygenation, the intracellular calcium level and Nrf2 activity were measured, the ultrastructure of cardiomyocytes was observed, and the Flameng score of mitochondria was assessed, and the expression of Nrf2, NAD(P)H quinine oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein and mRNA was detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Results:Compared with group N, the intracellular free Ca 2+ level, Nrf2 activity and Flameng score were significantly increased, and the expression of Nrf2, NQO1, SOD1 and HO-1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group HR ( P<0.05). Compared with group HR, the intracellular free Ca 2+ level and Flameng score were significantly decreased, the Nrf2 activity was increased, and the expression of Nrf2, NQO1, SOD1 and HO-1 protein and mRNA was up-regulated in group HPO ( P<0.05). Compared with group HPO, the intracellular free Ca 2+ level and Flameng score were significantly increased, the Nrf2 activity was decreased, and the expression of Nrf2, NQO1, SOD1 and HO-1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group HPO+ MPG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which hypoxia postconditioning activates the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway in rat cardiomyocytes may be related to ROS.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 387-390,C6-2,C6-3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the immune infiltration cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial lesions, and to provide new research directions and therapeutic targets for the pathogenesis and treatment of RA.Methods:The three gene expression data sets GSE77298, GSE55457 and GSE1919 were downloaded from gene expression omnibus (GEO) (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo), and the data were merged with Perl. The "limma" package was used to adjust batch differences. In R, "CIBERSORT" software was used to obtain the expression matrix of 22 kinds of immune cells corresponding to RA synovial tissue samples and normal synovial tissue samples were analyzed with the three packages of "e1071", "parallel" and "preprocessCore". Perl was used to screen samples with P<0.05 in the immune cell matrix. R's "barplot" function was analyzed by the percentage of 22 immune cells in samples with P<0.05. The "pheatmap" package of R was used to visualize heatmaps, and "corrplot" package was used to draw correlation heatmaps. The "vioplot" package of R was used to draw violin plots of differences via the wilcox test. Results:The results of immune cell infiltration analysis showed that in RA synovial tissue samples and normal synovial tissue samples at P<0.05, B cells naive and natural killer cells resting were under-expressed in RA synovial tissue, and plasma cells, mast cells resting, macrophages M1, B cells memory and T cells regulatory were highly expressed in RA synovial tissue. This study also found that in the same sample, the correlation coefficient between natural killer cells resting and neutrophils ( r=0.91) was the highest, indicating synergistic effect between the two. In the same sample, the correlation coefficient between macrophages M0 and plasma cells ( r=-0.88) was the lowest, indicating antagonistic effect between the two. Conclusion:The immune infiltrating cells in RA synovial lesions discovered in this study provide a certain theoretical basis and research direction for the research on the disease mechanism and treatment of RA.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 702-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935447

ABSTRACT

Objective: We aim to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of cancer attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in China in 2016. Methods: Based on the cancer incidence and mortality rates, national population data, and population attributable fraction (PAF) in China, we calculated the number of incidence and death cases attributed to HPV infection in different areas, age groups, and gender in China in 2016. The standardized incidence and mortality rates for cancer attributed to HPV infection were calculated by using Segi's population. Results: In 2016, a total of 124 772 new cancer cases (6.32 per 100 000) were attributed to HPV infection in China, including 117 118 cases in women and 7 654 cases in men. Of these cancers, cervical cancer was the most common one, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, vaginal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. A total of 41 282 (2.03 per 100 000) deaths were attributed to HPV infection, of which 37 417 occurred in women and 3 865 in men. Most deaths were caused by cervical cancer, followed by anal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, penile cancer, laryngeal cancer, vaginal cancer, oral cancer, and vulvar cancer. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer increased rapidly with age, peaked in age group 50-54 years, then decreased obviously. The morbidity and mortality rates of non-cervical cancer increased with age. The cancer case and death numbers in rural areas (57 089 cases and 19 485 deaths) were lower than those in urban areas (67 683 cases and 21 797 deaths). However, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of cervical cancer were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. There were no significant differences in ASIR and ASMR of non-cervical cancers between urban areas and rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence of cancers attributed to HPV infection in China was lower than the global average, but the number of incidences accounted largely, furthermore there is an increasing trend of morbidity and mortality. The preventions and controls of cervical cancer and male anal cancer are essential to contain the increases in cancer cases and deaths attributed to HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mouth Neoplasms , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Penile Neoplasms/epidemiology , Registries , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms , Vulvar Neoplasms
19.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 133-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the effect of the exposed bone cement technique combined with pectoralis major muscle flap in the treatment of chronic sternal osteomyelitis after coronary artery bypass surgery(CABS), and to summarise the clinical experience of staged surgery and comprehensive treatment.Methods:A retrospective analysis were carried out on 5 patients who had chronic sternal osteomyelitis and treated with exposed bone cement after the CABS from October 2017 to October 2020. Five patients(4 males and 1 female) met the inclusion criteria with a mean age of 65(range from 54 to 72) years old. Duration of all the chronic sternal osteomyelitis was 3 weeks to 3 months at admission. During the perioperative period, the general condition of the patients was controlled and systemic nutritional support was given. At the first stage, all patients underwent complete debridement. Then all the wounds were treated with exposed bone cement and covered by vacuum sealing drainage(VSD) to control the infection. At the second stage, bone cement was removed, and the dead cavity was packed with pectoralis major advancement muscle flap. Close attention was paid to the tension of wound, the patency of drainage catheter and the drainage after surgery. The wound healing, scar hyperplasia and complications were observed during the follow-up.Results:The suture tension was moderate, the drainage catheter was unobstructed, and a little liquid was drawn without turbid. All patients were clinically cured and entered follow-up for 6 to 15 months. During the follow-up, there was neigher recurrence of osteomyelitis nor sinus tract formation. No significant complication occurred at the last follow-up. The quality of life of the patients was significantly improved and all the patients were satisfactory to the treatment.Conclusion:Exposed bone cement technique combined with pectoralis major muscle flap is an effective method in the treatment of chronic sternal osteomyelitis after CABS. It has a good short-term treatment efficacy and is worthy for further clinical trials.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 408-414, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of stereotactic digital naviga-tion system assisted three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of a healthy volunteer recruited by the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University and 3 patients who underwent stereotactic digital navigation system assisted 3D laparoscopic TME for rectal cancer in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from May to September 2019 were collected. The healthy volunteer was male, aged 25 years. Of the 3 rectal cancer patients, there were 2 males and 1 female, with the age of 48 years, 63 years and 67 years, respectively. Ten special patches were placed at the anterior superior iliac spine, pubic tubercle and pubic symphysis of the volunteer's bilateral inguen as skin reference points in intraoperative localization and system registration. On the day of operation, patients were placed 10 special patches as skin reference points according to the test results of the volunteer and were completed the enhanced scan of totally abdominal computed tomography examination. Seven fixed anatomical markers in the abdominal cavity of the patients, including abdominal aortic bifurcation, sacrum scapula, bilateral anterior superior iliac spine, bilateral intersection of ureter and iliac artery and median point of peritoneal reflection, were selected for verifying the accuracy of the correspondence between the instrument tip and the system image. Patients underwent 3D laparoscopic TME for rectal cancer assisted by stereotactic digital navigation system. Observation indicators: (1) test results; (2) surgical situations; (3) accuracy of stereotactic digital navigation system. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Results:(1) Test results. The 10 skin reference points of the volunteer were successfully registered in the stereotactic digital navigation system, with the registration error of 2.8 mm. (2) Surgical situations. All the 3 patients underwent stereo-tactic digital navigation system assisted 3D laparoscopic TME for rectal cancer successfully. The operation time of the 3 patients were 193 minutes, 175 minutes, 210 minutes, respectively, in which the set time of the stereotactic digital navigation system were 34 minutes, 25 minutes, 45 minutes, respectively. The volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 3 patients were 60 mL, 30 mL, 80 mL, respectively. Results of postoperative pathological examination showed 3 patients with adenocar-cinoma, including 1 case with mucinous adenocarcinoma. The tumor diameter and the numbers of lymph nodes dissected of the 3 patients were 2.3 cm, 1.5 cm, 4.0 cm and 12, 12, 13, respectively. No patient had lymph node metastasis. The 3 patients in preoperative clinical TNM stage cT3bN0M0, stage cT4aN1M0, stage cT3bN1M0 were in yield pathological TNM stage ypT1N0M0, stage ypT4aN0M0, stage ypT2N0M0 after neoaduvant chemotherapy, respectively. No patient had complication, and the duration of postoperative hospital of the 3 patients was 7 days, 6 days, 7 days, respectively. (3) Accuracy of stereotactic digital navigation system. The registration errors of the skin reference points were 2.8 mm, 2.6 mm, 2.9 mm and the accuracy errors of the abdominal cavity reference points were (2.5±0.4)mm, (2.3±0.7)mm, (2.6±0.6)mm for the 3 patients.Conclusion:The stereotactic digital navigation system assisted 3D laparoscopic TME for rectal cancer is safe and feasible.

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