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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1791-1796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) mixing test in coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitor-positive hemophilia patients, so as to increase the value of APTT mixing test in the screen of factor Ⅷ inhibitor.@*METHODS@#Eighty plasmas samples with different titers of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors had been collected and diluted for routine immediate APTT mixing test and at 37 ℃ 2 hours incubation APTT mixing test. Fifteen samples were selected for immediate and normal temperature incubation for 15 min, 30min, 1 hour, 2 hours and 37 ℃ for 30 min, 1 hour, 2 hours APTT mixing test.@*RESULTS@#The results of APTT mixing test were significantly correlated with the titers of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors. The ROC curve result showed that the best diagnostic cut-off value for 2 hours incubation APTT mixing test at 37 ℃ to determine the presence or absence of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors was 43.8 s (sensitivity and specificity was 85.90% and 100%, respectively), while the best diagnostic cut-off value for distinguishing high-titer and low-titer Ⅷ inhibitors was 52.4 s (sensitivity and specificity was 98.18% and 95.65%, respectively). The critical coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitor titer that could not be corrected by immediate APTT was 5.14 BU/ml, while that could not be corrected by 37 ℃ 2 hours incubation APTT was 1.31 BU/ml. Paired samples t -test was performed on the APTT mixing test results at different times and temperatures, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The APTT mixing test can be used as a screening index for coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors. APTT mixing test result shows a significant time-temperature dependence with lower titers of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitor. Patients with hemophilia who cannot be corrected by immediate APTT mixing test should be alert to the possibility of high titer of coagulation factor Ⅷ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Factor VIII , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Blood Coagulation Factors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of forsythiaside B (FB) against cerebral oxidative stress injury induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in mice and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Ninety C57BL/6 mice were randomized into sham-operated group, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model group, and low-, medium and highdose (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, respectively) FB groups. The expression levels of MDA, ROS, PCO, 8-OHdG, SOD, GSTα4, CAT and GPx in the brain tissue of the mice were detected using commercial kits, and those of AMPK, P-AMPK, DAF-16, FOXO3 and P-FOXO3 were detected with Western blotting. Compound C (CC), an AMPK inhibitor, was used to verify the role of the AMPK pathway in mediating the therapeutic effect of FB. In another 36 C57BL/6 mice randomized into 4 sham-operated group, MCAO model group, FB (40 mg/kg) treatment group, FB+CC (10 mg/kg) treatment group, TTC staining was used to examine the volume of cerebral infarcts, and the levels of ROS and SOD in the brain were detected; the changes in the protein expressions of AMPK, P-AMPK, DAF-16, FOXO3 and P-FOXO3 in the brain tissue were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In mice with cerebral IR injury, treatment with FB significantly reduced the levels of ROS, MDA, PCO and 8-OHdG, increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD, GSTα4, CAT and GPx, and enhanced phosphorylation of AMPK and FOXO3 and DAF-16 protein expression in the brain tissue (P < 0.01). Compared with FB treatment alone, the combined treatment with FB and CC significantly reduced phosphorylation of AMPK and FOXO3, lowered expression of DAF-16 and SOD activity, and increased cerebral infarction volume and ROS level in the brain tissue of the mice (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#FB inhibits oxidative stress injury caused by cerebral I/R in mice possibly by enhancing AMPK phosphorylation, promoting the downstream DAF-16 protein expression and FOXO3 phosphorylation, increasing the expression of antioxidant enzymes, and reducing ROS level in the brain tissue.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Brain Ischemia , Oxidative Stress , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Reperfusion Injury , Reperfusion , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Cyr61 on imatinib (IM) resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Cyr61 level in cell culture supernatant was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of Cyr61 and Bcl-xL were measured by real-time PCR and Western blot. Cell apoptosis was analyzed using an Annexin V-APC Kit. Expression of signal pathways related proteins was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The level of Cyr61 obviously increased in K562G cells (IM resistance to CML cell line K562). Down-regulating the expression of Cyr61 decreased the resistance of K562G cells to IM and promoted IM induced apoptosis. In CML mouse model, down-regulating the expression of Cyr61 could increase the sensitivity of K562G cells to IM. The mechanism studies showed that Cyr61 mediated IM resistance in CML cells was related to the regulation of ERK1/2 pathways and apoptosis related molecule Bcl-xL by Cyr61.@*CONCLUSION@#Cyr61 plays an important role in promoting IM resistance of CML cells. Targeting Cyr61 or its related effectors pathways may be one of the ways to overcome IM resistance of CML cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty as a revision procedure for the failed fixation of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 8 patients with failed internal fixation of proximal humeral fractures from May 2014 to March 2020, including 3 males and 5 females, aged from 65 to 75 years old. All 8 patients underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, and the mean time between initial fixation and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty ranged from 8 to 16 months. Range of motion(ROM), University of California at Los Angeles(UCLA) shoulder score, visual analogue scale (VAS), self-rating anxiety scale(SAS), and Constant-Murley score of shoulder function were assessed pre-operatively and at the last follow-up. Complications relating to the surgery were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 8 patients successfully followed up. The mean follow-up after reverse total shoulder arhroplasty ranged from 16 to 28 months. The range of motion (forward flexion, external rotation, abduction and internal rotation) of the affected shoulder was significantly improved after surgery, and the post-operative VAS, SAS and UCLA scores were also significantly improved. For the Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint function, the total scores and the subscores of pain, daily activities, range of motion and strength test at the last follow-up were all significantly improved. Scapular glenoid notch was observed in patient, which was evaluated as grade 1 on imaging. All the other patients did not develop specific or non-specific complications.@*CONCLUSION@#Reverse total shoulder arhroplasty is an appropriate treatment as a revision surgery for failed fixation of proximal humeral fractures. It has shown satisfactory clinical outcomes, accelerating the rehabilitation of shoulder function and improving the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Shoulder/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Quality of Life , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of soft tissue complications in patients with dorsal displacement distal radius fractures (DRF) after volar locking plate surgery.@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to May 2021, 112 patients with dorsal displacement DRF were treated with volar locking plate surgery, including 45 males and 67 females. The average age was (46.24±10.08) years old, ranging from 18 to 85 years old. According to whether there were soft tissue complications after operation, they were divided into complication group (40 cases) and non complication group (72 cases). Compared with preoperation, the radial metacarpal inclination and ulnar deflection angle, wrist flexion activity and dorsal extension activity, and grip strength of patients after operation were significantly improved (P<0.05). Compared with the non complication group, the proportion of patients in the complication group whose age was>60 years, body mass index (BMI) more than 30 kg·m-2, smoking, diabetes, fracture type C, open fracture and operation time more than 90 min was higher (P<0.05). The age, BMI, smoking, diabetes, fracture AO classification, fracture type and operation time were analyzed by multifactor Logistic regression to determine the independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of postoperative soft tissue complications of patients, establish a nomogram prediction model, and evaluate the model.@*RESULTS@#At the latest follow-up, the excellent and good rate of wrist joint function recovery was 83.93% (94/112), and the excellent and good rate of fracture reduction was 84.82% (95/112). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age more than 60 years old, diabetes, fracture type C, open fracture and operation time more than 90 min were independent risk factors for postoperative soft tissue complications (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC), calibration curve and clinical decision curve of the nomogram prediction model showed discrimination, accuracy and validity were good.@*CONCLUSION@#Age more than 60 years, diabetes mellitus, fracture type C, open fracture, and operation time more than 90 min are all independent risk factors for soft tissue complications after DRF volar plate fixation. In clinical treatment, perioperative soft tissue management should be done in such patients to prevent complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wrist Fractures , Fractures, Open , Risk Factors , Wrist Joint/surgery , Metacarpal Bones
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of acupoint injection combined with Vitalstim electrical stimulation for post-stroke dysphagia.@*METHODS@#A total of 98 patients with dysphagia after first stroke were randomized into an acupoint injection group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an electrical stimulation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a combination group (32 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Injection of mecobalamin into Tunyan point, Vitalstim electrical stimulation and the combination of injection of mecobalamin into Tunyan point and Vitalstim electrical stimulation were applied respectively in the 3 groups, once a day, 10 times as one course, 2 courses were required. Before and after treatment, the tongue muscle thickness and video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) score were observed in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the tongue muscle thickness was decreased (P<0.05), the VFSS scores were increased (P<0.05) compared with before treatment in the 3 groups, and the variation of tongue muscle thickness and VFSS score in the combination group was greater than the acupoint injection group and the electrical stimulation group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both acupoint injection of mecobalamin and Vitalstim electrical stimulation have therapeutic effect on dysphagia after stroke, and the two have synergistic effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Electric Stimulation , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923782

ABSTRACT

To set the cultivation goal with adaptation to rural order-oriented medical students, the teaching mode of Human Parasitology was reformed in the context of curriculum ideological and political education. The new teaching mode not only enables students to harvest medical knowledge during the school education stage, but also plays a guiding role in cultivation of humanistic qualities and professional spirit, which provides a basis for cultivating general practitioners serving for grassroots healthcare.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of patients with primary bone lymphoma (PBL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with PBL treated in our center from 2005 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, the clinical characteristics and the factors affecting prognosis of the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of all the 21 newly diagnosed PBL patients was 40(12-71) years old. Ostealgia was the initial symptom in most of the patients (19/21,90.5%). 42.9%(9/21) of the patients showed single bone lesion only. 571% (12/21) of the patients showed diffuse large B cell lymphoma. 28.6% (6/21) of the patients showed anaplastic large cell lymphoma and 9.5% (2/21) of the patients showed T cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. All the patients received chemotherapy (CHOP or CHOP like regimen, 33.3% plus rituximab) with or without radiotherapy and/or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). 18 patients achieved clinical remission (including 15 for CR and 3 for PR). The median follow-up time was 48 months. The 5-year overall survival rate and progression-free survival rate of the patients were was 67.5% and 63.7%, respectively. The single factors analysis showed that ASCT was the important prognostic factor of PFS, while the single or multiple bone lesion was the factors affecting OS of the patients. There were no statistical differences with the effects of age, sex, stage, ECOG score, LDH level, B symptoms and radiotherapy for the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common pathological type of PBL. Chemotherapy is the main treatment, which can be combined with radiotherapy and/or ASCT. The ASCT and the number of bone lesion are the factors for long time survival of the patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Autologous , Vincristine
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the relationship between postoperative knee function and the sagittal position of tibial component in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively enrolled the patients who underwent UKA from January 2016 to May 2020. They were assigned into 2 groups according to postoperative posterior tibial slope (PTS): the normal PTS group (PTS≥3° and PTS < 8°) and the abnormal PTS group (PTS < 3° or ≥8°). The patients were followed up for at least 12 months. The postoperative Knee Society Clinical Score (KSS-C), Knee Society Functional Score (KSS-F) and knee range of motion (ROM) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 72 patients (82 knees) were included with 51 patients (58 knees) in PTS normal group and 21 patients (24 knees) in PTS abnormal group. All the patients were followed up with median of 23.6 months. There was no significant difference in the general data [gender, age, body mass index (BMI)], pre-operative knee range of motion, preoperative KSS-C score and KSS-F score (P > 0.01). The KSS-C score, KSS-F score, and knee range of motion significantly improved after surgery (P < 0.01) for all the patients. The postoperative KSS-C score in normal PTS group (88.76±2.79) was significantly higher than the KSS-C score in abnormal PTS group (84.42±3.35, P < 0.01), but no significant difference between the 2 groups was observed in postoperative KSS-F score and knee range of motion (P > 0.01). In addition, there was no correlation between the change of PTS and postoperative KSS-C score (r=-0.034, 95%CI: -0.247 to 0.186, P = 0.759), KSS-F score (r = -0.014, 95%CI: -0.238 to 0.198, P = 0.901) and knee range of motion (r= 0.045, 95%CI: -0.214 to 0.302, P = 0.686).@*CONCLUSION@#The posterior tibial slope between 3° and < 8° can be recommended to improve knee joint function in mobile UKA, and excessive or insufficient PTS should be avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922755

ABSTRACT

Chitooligosaccharide-zinc (COS·Zn) is a powerful anti-oxidant and anti-aging scavenger, whose anti-oxidative ability immensely exceeds vitamin C. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the protective effects of COS·Zn against premature ovarian failure (POF) and potential mechanisms. Female KM adult mice were divided into the following groups: a treatment group (150 mg·kg


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Chitosan , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Oligosaccharides , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/drug therapy , Signal Transduction , Zinc
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy (Xiangyan Zhitong prescription, XZP) on the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracelluar regulated protein kinase (ERK) signaling pathway of primary dysmenorrhea (PD) rats, and explore the pathogenesis of PD and the mechanism of action of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy. Method:Forty-eight female SPF-grade Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank group,model group, western medicine group, low-dose XZP group, medium-dose XZP group, and high-dose XZP group, with 8 rats in each group. In addition to the blank group, dysmenorrhea rat model with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome was established by cold stimulation combined with estradiol benzoate and oxytocin. The rats in the blank group,model group,western medicine group, low-dose XZP group, medium-dose XZP group, and high-dose XZP group were given distilled water, distilled water,0.06 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> ibuprofen, 6.55 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> XZP, 13.09 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> XZP, and 26.18 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> XZP, respectively, by gavage for 6 days. The writhing latency and writhing frequency of rats were recorded within 30 min after oxytocin injection.Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of B-Raf, mitogen activates extracellular regulated kinases1/2 (MEK1/2), extracellular regulated kinases1/2 (ERK1/2), p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2, c-Jun, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in rat uterus. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was employed to detect the mRNA expression of B-Raf, MEK1, MEK2, ERK1, ERK2, c-Jun, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in rat uterus. Result:Compared with the model group,the treatment groups showed insignificantly prolonged writhing latency and significantly reduced writhing frequency (<italic>P</italic><0.01). On the 6<sup>th</sup> day of modeling, there was no significant difference in the quantitative scores of symptoms and signs among the treatment groups. On the 12<sup>th</sup> day of modeling, the scores changed little in the western medicine group and the low-dose XZP group and decreased significantly in the medium- and high-dose XZP groups (<italic>P</italic><0.01) compared with those in the model group. Compared with those in the blank group, the protein and mRNA levels of p-MEK1/2, p-ERK, B-Raf, c-Jun, and COX-2 in the model group were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with those in the model group, the protein and mRNA levels of p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2, B-Raf, c-Jun, and COX-2 in the western medicine group, medium-dose XZP group, and high-dose XZP group were significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The mechanism of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy in treating PD with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome may be related to the down-regulation of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a testing system for the effects of plantar surface vibration stimulation on the human postural adjustments, and to explore its practicability. Methods:The mechanical device and control system providing vibration stimulation were designed and built. Twenty-five healthy teachers and students (aged 19~29 years) were recruited from our college to participate in the experimental study from 2nd to 6th, October, 2019. The amplitudes of postural response were compared following non-stimulation and stimulation at left forefoot, left heel, right forefoot, right heel, left foot, right foot, double forefoot, double heels of each subject at the 20 Hz, 40 Hz, 60 Hz and 80 Hz vibrations, respectively. Results:The amplitude of the center of pressure response under foot cutaneous stimulation increased compared with the response amplitude under non-vibration conditions (P < 0.05). Conclusion:The locations of vibration as well as different vibration parameters (such as frequency, amplitude) could be adjusted, and the information of postural response to vibratory stimulation of the plantar surface, especially the excursion of center of pressure could be collected in the system which can be applied in the experimental study on the human posture control.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942998

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the incidence and treatment of radiation rectal injury complicated with anxiety, depression and somatic symptom disorder. Methods: A cross-sectional survey research method was carried out. Patients with radiation rectal injury managed by members of the editorial board of Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery were the subjects of investigation. The inclusion criteria of the survey subjects: (1) patients suffered from pelvic tumors and received pelvic radiotherapy; (2) colonoscopy showed inflammatory reaction or ulcer in the rectum. Exclusion criteria: (1) patient had a history of psycho-somatic disease before radiotherapy; (2) patient was unable to use a smart phone, unable to read and understand the questions in the questionnaire displayed on the phone; (3) patient refused to sign an informed consent form. According to the SOMA self-rating scale, PHQ-15 self-rating scale, GAD-7 and PHQ-9 self-rating scale, the electronic questionnaire of "Psychological Survey of Radiation Proctitis" was designed. The questionnaire was sent to patients with radiation rectal injury managed by the committee through the WeChat group. Observational indicators: (1) radiation rectal injury symptom assessment: using SOMA self-rating scale, radiation rectal injury symptom classification: mild group (≤3 points), moderate group (4-6 points) and severe group (> 6 points); (2) incidence of anxiety, depression and physical disorder: using GAD-7, PHQ-9 and PHQ-15 self-rating scales respectively for assessment; (3) correlation of radiation rectal injury symptom grading with anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorder. Results: Seventy-one qualified questionnaires were collected, of which 41 (56.9%) were from Guangzhou. Among the 71 patients, 6 were males and 65 were females; the mean age was (55.7±9.3) years old and 48 patients (67.6%) were less than 60 years old; the median confirmed duration of radiation rectal injury was 2.0 (1.0, 5.0) years. (1) Evaluation of symptoms of radiation rectal injury: 18 cases of mild (25.4%), 27 cases of moderate (38.0%), and 26 cases of severe (36.6%). (2) Incidence of anxiety, depression and somatic disorder: 12 patients (16.9%) without comorbidities; 59 patients (83.1%) with anxiety, depression, or somatic disorder, of whom 2 patients only had anxiety, 1 patient only had depression, 9 only had somatic disorder, 2 had anxiety plus depression, 4 had anxiety plus somatic disorder, 2 had depression plus somatic disorder, and 40 had all three symptoms. (3) correlation of radiation rectal injury grading with anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorder: as compared to patients in mild group and moderate group, those in severe group had higher severity of anxiety and somatic symptom disorder (Z=-2.143, P=0.032; Z=-2.045, P=0.041), while there was no statistically significant difference of depression between mild group and moderate group (Z=-1.176, P=0.240). Pearson correlation analysis revealed that radiation rectal injury symptom score was positively correlated with anxiety (r=0.300, P=0.013), depression (r=0.287, P=0.015) and somatic symptom disorder (r=0.344, P=0.003). Conclusions: The incidence of anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorder in patients with radiation rectal injury is extremely high. It is necessary to strengthen the diagnosis and treatment of somatic symptom disorder, so as to alleviate the symptoms of patients with pelvic perineum pain and improve the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Quality of Life , Rectum , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876701

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of global tourism, traveling gradually becomes an important part of daily lives, and travelers’health is paid more and more attention. Traveler’s diarrhea (TD) is one of the most common diseases among international or trans-regional travelers, which causes great disease and economic burdens. Currently, there is still a lack of systematic studies on the correlation between parasites and TD. The review mainly summarizes intestinal protozoa and helminth infections among patients with TD, so as to provide insights into the development of the control measures for parasitic diseases associated with TD and the prevention of risk factors before the journey to and during the journey of the areas endemic for parasitic diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882038

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infections among patients with autoimmune diseases, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the management of toxoplasmosis in patients with autoimmune diseases. Methods A total of 237 patients with definitive diagnosis of autoimmune disease were selected as the study subjects, including 79 cases with systemic lupus erythematosus, 71 cases with rheumatoid arthritis and 87 cases with inflammatory bowel disease, while 237 healthy volunteers served as controls. The serum anti-T. gondii IgG antibody was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in patients with autoimmune diseases and healthy controls, and the detection of serum IgG antibody against T. gondii was compared between the autoimmune disease patients and healthy controls. Results The seroprevalence of serum IgG antibody against T. gondii was significantly greater in patients with autoimmune diseases than in healthy controls (29.96% vs. 4.22%; χ2 = 55.41, P < 0.01), and the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection was all significantly higher in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (31.65%), rheumatoid arthritis (23.94%) and inflammatory bowel disease (33.33%) than in healthy controls (χ2 = 45.25, 26.58 and 50.95; all P values < 0.01). Conclusion The seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibody is significantly higher in patients with autoimmune diseases than in healthy controls, and T. gondii infection may be a potential risk factor for the development of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the features of blood lipid metabolic profile in overweight/obese boys aged 9-12 years and the possible mechanism of overweight/obesity in children.@*METHODS@#According to body mass index (BMI), 72 boys, aged 9-12 years, were divided into a control group with 42 boys and an overweight/obesity group with 30 boys. Fasting venous blood samples were collected early in the morning. BMI, waist-hip ratio, body composition, and blood lipids were measured. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry technique was used to analyze the serum lipid compounds. A statistical analysis and visualization of the data were performed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the overweight/obesity group had significantly higher waist-hip ratio, body fat percentage, and triglyceride level (P<0.05) and a significantly lower level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P<0.05). The metabolomic analysis identified 150 differentially expressed lipid compounds between the two groups, mainly glycerolipids (40.7%), glycerophospholipids (24.7%), fatty acyls (10.7%), and sphingolipids (7.3%). The levels of most of glycerolipids were significantly upregulated in the overweight/obesity group, while those of most of glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids were downregulated in this group. Key lipids with differential expression were enriched into two KEGG metabolic pathways, i.e., ether lipid metabolism pathway and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathway (P<0.05), and might further affected the biosynthesis and metabolism of downstream coenzyme Q and other terpenoids (P=0.06).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Disordered lipid metabolic profile is observed in overweight/obese boys aged 9-12 years, with increases in most glycerolipids and reductions in glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids. Overweight/obese boys may have disorders in ether lipid metabolism and biosynthesis of terpenoid and even coenzyme Q.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Body Mass Index , Lipids , Metabolome , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity
18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 156-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787652

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR, the key proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance. Fifty-eight cases of pediatric BL and thirty cases of reactive hyperplastic lymphadenitis (RH) were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University from September 2011 to July 2018. Paraffin sections of tissues were immune stained for p-AKT and p-mTOR, and the expression was assessed and correlated with the clinical features and prognosis. A total of 58 cases were diagnosed and 6 cases lost the follow-up. Of the remaining 52 BL patients including 43 males and 9 females, the median age was 5 years (range: 2 to 14 years). Regarding to the correlation between the two biomarkers, Spearman test showed that p-mTOR was positively associated with the expression of p-AKT (0.759, 0.001). Of all BL patients, the positive rates of p-AKT and p-mTOR were 62.1% (36/58) and 60.3%(35/58) respectively, both significantly higher than control group (0.011, 0.035 respectively). The presence of p-AKT was significantly associated with higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH≥573 IU/L) level in patients of the disease (0.006), while p-mTOR was increased both in the higher LDH and lower ratio of albumin to globulin (A/G) group (0.006, 0.034 respectively). Expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR did not show any statistical correlation with sex, age, St.jude stage, tumor size, B-symptom present or not, number of extra-nodal sites or international prognostic index (IPI) (0.05). Fifty-two patients had a median follow-up of 40 months (range: 5-87 months). Univariate analysis showed that p-AKT expression was significant in predicting both inferior OS (5-year estimate, 72.7% . 94.7%, (2)=4.123, 0.042) and PFS (5-year estimate, 66.7% . 94.7%, (2)=5.822, 0.016). The 5-year OS rate was 71.0% (22/31) for the p-mTOR positive cohort of patients compared to 95.2% (17/21) for p-mTOR negative group ((2)=4.881, 0.027); however, there was no statistical significance in 5-year PFS rate (0.05). Especially, the 5-year OS and PFS rate of p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive group were significantly lower than negative control group (including absence of single p-AKT or p-mTOR expression, and absence of both) (OS: 69.0% . 95.7%, (2)=6.285, 0.012; PFS: 65.5% . 91.3%, (2)=5.405, 0.020). The results of multivariate COX proportional risk regression analysis indicated that p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive, higher LDH and IPI score 3-5 were independent prognostic factors for both OS and PFS, and the bulky tumor (>10 cm) for PFS of pediatric BL. The expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR may be a potential reference for diagnosis and the independent prognostic indicators of pediatric BL.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 156-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799502

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR, the key proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance.@*Methods@#Fifty-eight cases of pediatric BL and thirty cases of reactive hyperplastic lymphadenitis (RH) were collected at Children′s Hospital of Fudan University from September 2011 to July 2018. Paraffin sections of tissues were immune stained for p-AKT and p-mTOR, and the expression was assessed and correlated with the clinical features and prognosis.@*Results@#A total of 58 cases were diagnosed and 6 cases lost the follow-up. Of the remaining 52 BL patients including 43 males and 9 females, the median age was 5 years (range: 2 to 14 years). Regarding to the correlation between the two biomarkers, Spearman test showed that p-mTOR was positively associated with the expression of p-AKT (r=0.759, P<0.001). Of all BL patients, the positive rates of p-AKT and p-mTOR were 62.1% (36/58) and 60.3%(35/58) respectively, both significantly higher than control group (P=0.011, P=0.035 respectively). The presence of p-AKT was significantly associated with higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH≥573 IU/L) level in patients of the disease (P=0.006), while p-mTOR was increased both in the higher LDH and lower ratio of albumin to globulin (A/G) group (P=0.006, P=0.034 respectively). Expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR did not show any statistical correlation with sex, age, St.jude stage, tumor size, B-symptom present or not, number of extra-nodal sites or international prognostic index (IPI) (P>0.05). Fifty-two patients had a median follow-up of 40 months (range: 5-87 months). Univariate analysis showed that p-AKT expression was significant in predicting both inferior OS (5-year estimate, 72.7% vs. 94.7%, χ2=4.123, P=0.042) and PFS (5-year estimate, 66.7% vs. 94.7%, χ2=5.822, P=0.016). The 5-year OS rate was 71.0% (22/31) for the p-mTOR positive cohort of patients compared to 95.2% (17/21) for p-mTOR negative group (χ2=4.881, P=0.027); however, there was no statistical significance in 5-year PFS rate (P>0.05). Especially, the 5-year OS and PFS rate of p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive group were significantly lower than negative control group (including absence of single p-AKT or p-mTOR expression, and absence of both) (OS: 69.0% vs. 95.7%, χ2=6.285, P=0.012; PFS: 65.5% vs. 91.3%, χ2=5.405, P=0.020). The results of multivariate COX proportional risk regression analysis indicated that p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive, higher LDH and IPI score 3-5 were independent prognostic factors for both OS and PFS, and the bulky tumor (>10 cm) for PFS of pediatric BL.@*Conclusion@#The expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR may be a potential reference for diagnosis and the independent prognostic indicators of pediatric BL.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 156-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR, the key proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in pediatric Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance.@*Methods@#Fifty-eight cases of pediatric BL and thirty cases of reactive hyperplastic lymphadenitis (RH) were collected at Children′s Hospital of Fudan University from September 2011 to July 2018. Paraffin sections of tissues were immune stained for p-AKT and p-mTOR, and the expression was assessed and correlated with the clinical features and prognosis.@*Results@#A total of 58 cases were diagnosed and 6 cases lost the follow-up. Of the remaining 52 BL patients including 43 males and 9 females, the median age was 5 years (range: 2 to 14 years). Regarding to the correlation between the two biomarkers, Spearman test showed that p-mTOR was positively associated with the expression of p-AKT (r=0.759, P<0.001). Of all BL patients, the positive rates of p-AKT and p-mTOR were 62.1% (36/58) and 60.3%(35/58) respectively, both significantly higher than control group (P=0.011, P=0.035 respectively). The presence of p-AKT was significantly associated with higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH≥573 IU/L) level in patients of the disease (P=0.006), while p-mTOR was increased both in the higher LDH and lower ratio of albumin to globulin (A/G) group (P=0.006, P=0.034 respectively). Expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR did not show any statistical correlation with sex, age, St.jude stage, tumor size, B-symptom present or not, number of extra-nodal sites or international prognostic index (IPI) (P>0.05). Fifty-two patients had a median follow-up of 40 months (range: 5-87 months). Univariate analysis showed that p-AKT expression was significant in predicting both inferior OS (5-year estimate, 72.7% vs. 94.7%, χ2=4.123, P=0.042) and PFS (5-year estimate, 66.7% vs. 94.7%, χ2=5.822, P=0.016). The 5-year OS rate was 71.0% (22/31) for the p-mTOR positive cohort of patients compared to 95.2% (17/21) for p-mTOR negative group (χ2=4.881, P=0.027); however, there was no statistical significance in 5-year PFS rate (P>0.05). Especially, the 5-year OS and PFS rate of p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive group were significantly lower than negative control group (including absence of single p-AKT or p-mTOR expression, and absence of both) (OS: 69.0% vs. 95.7%, χ2=6.285, P=0.012; PFS: 65.5% vs. 91.3%, χ2=5.405, P=0.020). The results of multivariate COX proportional risk regression analysis indicated that p-AKT/p-mTOR double-positive, higher LDH and IPI score 3-5 were independent prognostic factors for both OS and PFS, and the bulky tumor (>10 cm) for PFS of pediatric BL.@*Conclusion@#The expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR may be a potential reference for diagnosis and the independent prognostic indicators of pediatric BL.

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