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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 161-170, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007288

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveSleep-related painful erections (SRPE) is a rare sleep disorder characterized by repeated awakening due to painful interruptions of penile erections during nighttime sleep, and its etiology is currently unclear. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of potential risk factors on the incidence of SRPE. MethodsInformation was collected through questionnaires administered to patients who presented at the urology department and suffered from SRPE or did not suffer from SRPE. A total of 290 participants completed the study, including 145 controls and 145 cases. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the impact of age, occupation, sleep initiation time per night, frequency of sexual intercourse per week, psychological status, erectile dysfunction, chronic prostatitis, prostate enlargement, lumbar spine disease, central nervous system disease, hypertension, diabetes and family history on the onset of SRPE. ResultsSingle-factor logistic regression analysis found that a history of chronic prostatitis, intellectual labor occupation, central nervous system disease, late sleep onset, frequency of sexual activity, and anxiety status might be related to the onset of SRPE. After incorporating these factors into a multivariate regression analysis model, it was found that having sexual activity ≥2 times/week (OR 95%CI = 0.326(0.179,0.592) and late sleep onset (after 24:00) (OR 95%CI = 0.494(0.265,0.918)might be protective factors for SRPE, while a history of chronic prostatitis(OR 95%CI = 3.779(2.082,6.859) might be a risk factor for SRPE. However, there was no significant statistical difference in the impact of central nervous system diseases and occupation on multivariate analysis. ConclusionChronic prostatitis and anxiety status may be independent risk factors for SRPE; having sexual activity ≥2 times/week and delaying sleep time appropriately may be independent protective factors.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 298-312, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016639

ABSTRACT

The pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a serious impact on global public health and the economy. SARS-CoV-2 infiltrates host cells via its surface spike protein, which binds to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 on the host cell membrane. As a result, small molecules targeting spike protein have emerged as a hotspot in anti-SARS-CoV-2 drug research. Activity screening is an important step in seeking small molecule drugs. Therefore, this article aims to review the biological activity evaluation methods of small molecule inhibitors targeting SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, with the goal of laying the foundation for the discovery of new anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 734-738, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016517

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue adhesive injection with the assistance of metal clips in the treatment of cirrhotic patients with gastric varices and gastric-renal shunt (GRS). MethodsThe patients who attended Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, due to liver cirrhosis and gastric varices from February to June 2023 were enrolled, and all patients were confirmed to have GRS and received endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue adhesive injection with the assistance of metal clips. The primary evaluation index was alleviation or disappearance of varicose veins after surgery, and the secondary evaluation indices were surgical completion and complications. ResultsA total of 11 patients were enrolled in this study, among whom there were 7 male patients and 4 female patients, with a median age of 55 years. Of all patients, 1 had Child class A liver function, 7 had Child class B liver function, and 3 had Child class C liver function. The maximum (median) diameter of the shunt was 8 mm, and the minimum (median) diameter of the shunt was 4 mm. The median blood flow velocity of the target vessel was 11 cm/s before treatment and 5 cm/s after occlusion with metal clips. The median amount of tissue adhesive injected was 2 mL, and the amount of lauromacrogol used was 1 mL. Disappearance of blood flow signals was observed in all patients after surgery (100%), and the success rate of surgery was 100%. No patient experienced rebleeding after follow-up for 6 weeks. Gastroscopy at 1 month after surgery showed that gastric varices were eradicated or almost disappeared in 9 patients and were alleviated in 2 patients. ConclusionEndoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue adhesive injection with the assistance of metal clips is a feasible, safe, and effective treatment method for cirrhotic patients with gastric varices and GRS.

4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986720

ABSTRACT

Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody against the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) ligand (RANKL) that significantly inhibits osteoclast activity and has been approved to treat osteoporosis, giant cell tumor of bone, and prophylactic as well as therapeutic entities for bone metastasis. However, the imbalance of RANKL/RANK/OPG has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of several other rare bone diseases and tumor-like disorders, including aneurysmal bone cyst, fibrous dysplasia of bone, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Nevertheless, there have been various clinical reports although these diseases have not been approved for indications. The review aims to summarize the available evidence for the off-label use of denosumab in metabolic bone diseases and tumor-like disorders and provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1075-1081, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985518

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze the research hotspots and development trends in the field of pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy in China from 2013 to 2022. Based on China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, China Science and Technology Journal Database, China Biology Medicine disc, Web of Science core collection and PubMed database, the related literatures in the field of pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy in China from 2013 to 2022, were retrieved to establish the database, and the VOSviewer software was used for bibliometric analysis. A total of 1 664 Chinese and 2 149 English literatures are included in this study. The scientific research results from 2013 to 2022 have shown an overall increasing trend. The research hotspots in the field of pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy in China are mainly concentrated in Podocytes, Oxidative stress, Inflammation, Renal fibrosis, Urine protein, etc. The frontier hotspots in this field include Biomarkers, Nrf2, Gut microbiota, NLRP3 inflammasome, Apoptosis, MicroRNA, etc. Through visual analysis, the research hotspots and frontier trends of the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy in China can be visually presented, and then provide new ideas and directions for the further in-depth research on the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Asian People , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , MicroRNAs , Biomedical Research/trends
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report gene mutations in nine patients with hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) and analyze the characteristics of pathogenic gene mutations in HE. Methods: The clinical and gene mutations of nine patients clinically diagnosed with HE at Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital from June 2018 to February 2022 were reported and verified by next-generation sequencing to analyze the relationship between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes. Results: Erythrocyte membrane protein gene mutations were detected among nine patients with HE, including six with SPTA1 mutation, one with SPTB mutation, one with EPB41 mutation, and one with chromosome 20 copy deletion. A total of 11 gene mutation sites were involved, including 6 known mutations and 5 novel mutations. The five novel mutations included SPTA1: c.1247A>C (p. K416T) in exon 9, c.1891delG (p. A631fs*17) in exon 15, E6-E12 Del; SPTB: c.154C>T (p. R52W) ; and EPB41: c.1636A>G (p. I546V) . Three of the six patients with the SPTA1 mutation were SPTA1 exon 9 mutation. Conclusion: SPTA1 is the most common mutant gene in patients with HE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Elliptocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism , Erythrocyte Membrane/metabolism , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 193-202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984598

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo mine the compatibility rules of patented traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compound prescriptions for treating chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) by systems pharmacology and molecular docking methods, and predict the targets and molecular mechanisms of Chinese medicinals with different efficacy in the treatment of CAG. MethodThe TCM compound prescriptions for treating CAG were extracted from the patent system of the China National Intellectual Property Administration. The active components and targets of the prescriptions were retrieved from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrative Database (TCMID), and UniProt. The candidate targets and pathways of CAG were obtained from GeneCards, DisGeNet, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), MalaCards, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Reactome. The gene ontology (GO) functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment were realized by R Studio 4.1.2. STRING11.0 was employed to build the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and AutoDock Vina 4.2.6 was used for the docking between key targets and components. ResultA total of 228 TCM compound prescriptions for treating CAG were extracted. The medicinals used in these prescriptions mainly had warm or cold nature, bitter or sweet taste, tropism to the spleen, stomach, and liver meridians, and the efficacy of tonifying Qi, regulating Qi movement, clearing heat, and activating and toniying blood. The prescriptions mainly treated CAG via p53, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), forkhead box protein O (FoxO), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathways. Molecular docking results confirmed that the active components in the prescriptions had docking activities with key receptor proteins. ConclusionThis study preliminarily analyzed the compatibility rules of TCM compound prescriptions in the treatment of CAG. The medicinals with different efficacy treat CAG by regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress response, preventing carcinogen production, promoting gastric acid secretion, and improving local microcirculation in a multi-target, multi-pathway, multi-link manner. The findings facilitate the research on the TCM treatment of CAG.

9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 556-561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical approach for the resection of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma(JNA) under nasal endoscopy. Methods:The clinical data of 87 patients undergoing endoscopic resection of nasopharyngeal fibroangioma were retrospectively analyzed. We classified JNA according to tumor site, size, invasion scope and anatomic position relationship between tumor and midline of pupil. Three endoscopic surgical approaches were selected according to the classification, and the postoperative symptoms, complications and recurrence were investigated and analyzed. Results:The tumor resection rate of 87 cases by nasal endoscopic surgery was 100%. Thirty-five cases were approached through the middle nasal passage(small tumors located in the nasal sinuses and pterygopalatine fossa), forty-five cases were approached through the lateral wall of the nasal cavity(tumor invaded the pterygopalatine fossa but did not exceed the midline of the pupil) , and seven cases were approached via the lateral wall of nasal cavity + ipsilateral anterior wall of maxillary sinus(tumor invaded the infratemporal fossa beyond the midline of pupil or invaded the cavernous sinus and the middle cranial fossa epidural), Postoperative patients with nasal congestion, nasal bleeding, headache, dizziness, vision loss and other symptoms showed varying degrees of improvement. No surgical death or intracranial infection occurred. The postoperative follow-up was 6-78 months, and the recurrence rate was 3.44%. Conclusion:Endoscopic resection of nasopharyngeal fibroangioma is the main treatment method for JNA. Selecting suitable endoscopic approach to resect JNA, To maximize the advantage of nasal endoscopic equipment according to the inherent anatomical space of the human nasal cavity, In order to achieve the purpose of JNA resection, reduce intraoperative and postoperative complications, reduce the recurrence rate and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiofibroma/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy/methods , Prognosis
10.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 485-494, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982218

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many studies have demonstrated the benefit of complete multivessel revascularization versus culprit-only intervention in patients of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease. However, only a few single-center retrospective studies were performed on small Chinese cohorts. Our study aims to demonstrate the advantage of multivessel percutaneous intervention (PCI) strategy on 30-day in-hospital outcomes to patients with STEMI and multivessel disease in larger Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Acute Coronary Syndrome (CCC-ACS) project, 5935 patients with STEMI and multivessel disease undergoing PCI and hospitalized for fewer than 30 days were analyzed. After 5: 1 propensity score matching, 3577 patients with culprit-only PCI and 877 with in-hospital multivessel PCI were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), defined as a composite of myocardial infarction, all-cause death, stent thrombosis, heart failure, and stroke.@*RESULTS@#Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that in-hospital multivessel PCI was associated with lower risk of 30-day MACCE (adjusted OR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.57-0.98, P = 0.032) than culprit-only PCI and conferred no increased risk of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, or bleeding. Subgroup analysis showed that MACCE reduction was observed more often from patients with trans-femoral access (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.15-0.74) than with trans-radial access (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.66-1.16, P for interaction = 0.017).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The in-hospital multivessel PCI strategy was associated with a lower risk of 30-day MACCE than culprit-only PCI in patients with STEMI and multivessel coronary artery disease.

11.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 200-207, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999559

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to develop the career growth scale for nurses (CGSN) and evaluate its psychometric properties. @*Methods@#This study was conducted in four phases: (1) creating a pool of potential items through a qualitative design; (2) developing a preliminary scale using a modified two-round Delphi process; (3) refining the preliminary scale to finalize the scale using a cross-sectional survey; and (4) evaluating the psychometric properties of the final scale using another cross-sectional survey. A sample of 858 registered nurses from 12 general hospitals was recruited for this study. @*Results@#The final scale consisted of 17 items categorized into three factors: career goal progress, professional ability and attribute improvement, and career promotion and prestige increase. The three factors accounted for 75.4% of the observed variance in career growth. The overall Cronbach's α was .96, and the intraclass correlation coefficient was .92. The content validity index was .97. Confirmatory factor analysis showed acceptable model fitness. @*Conclusions@#These results showed that the CGSN has good psychometric properties and can be used to evaluate specific career growth among nurses. This new instrument can further help nurse managers and clinical nurses themselves assess career growth and identify unsatisfactory aspects of growth, thereby designing tailored training programs and evaluating the effectiveness of such interventions.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2596-2606, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998815

ABSTRACT

‍ ObjectiveTo investigate the value of serum complement C3 level in determining the stage of liver fibrosis in primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). MethodsClinical data were collected from 108 patients with PBC who attended Tianjin Second People’s Hospital and underwent liver biopsy from January 2012 to October 2022. The degree of liver fibrosis (S0-4) was assessed according to the Scheuer scoring system, with ≥S2 defined as significant liver fibrosis, ≥S3 defined as progressive liver fibrosis, and S4 defined as liver cirrhosis. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups; the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the efficacy of complement C3 in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in patients with PBC. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between complement C3 and liver fibrosis stage. ResultsAmong the 108 patients with PBC, there were 87 (80.6%) female patients and 102 patients (94.4%) with positive autoantibody. As for the stage of liver fibrosis, there were 5 patients (4.6%) in S0 stage, 41 (38.0%) in S1 stage, 23 (21.3%) in S2 stage, 25 (23.1%) in S3 stage, and 14 (13.0%) in S4 stage. There was a significant difference in the level of complement C3 between the patients with different liver fibrosis stages (H=42.891, P<0.001). The level of complement C3 gradually decreased with the aggravation of liver fibrosis, with a negative correlation between them (r=-0.565, P<0.001). Liver stiffness measurement (LSM), aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, and fibrosis-4 were negatively correlated with complement C3, with a correlation coefficient of -0.439 (P<0.001), -0.323 (P=0.001), -0.206 (P=0.033), and -0.291 (P=0.002), respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that complement C3 level was an independent predictive factor for significant liver fibrosis, progressive liver fibrosis, and liver cirrhosis, while LSM was an independent predictive factor for significant liver fibrosis and progressive liver fibrosis. The ROC curve analysis showed that complement C3 had an AUC of 0.731, 0.832, and 0.968, respectively, in the diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis, progressive liver fibrosis, and liver cirrhosis, with a corresponding cut-off value of 1.445, 1.235, and 1.005, respectively, and complement C3 combined with LSM had an AUC of 0.811, 0.941, and 0.976, respectively, in the diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis, progressive liver fibrosis, and liver cirrhosis. There was a significant difference in AUC between complement C3 combined with LSM and complement C3 alone in the diagnosis of significant liver fibrosis (Z=2.604, P=0.009), and there was also a significant difference in AUC between complement C3 combined with LSM and complement C3 alone in the diagnosis of progressive liver fibrosis (Z=3.033, P=0.002); there was no significant difference in AUC between complement C3 combined with LSM and complement C3 alone in the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis (Z=1.050, P=0.294), while There was a significant difference in AUC between complement C3 combined with LSM and LSM alone in the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis (Z=2.326, P=0.020). ConclusionSerum complement C3 level has a certain clinical value in assessing the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with PBC, and complement C3 combined with LSM can further improve the efficacy of complement C3 or LSM in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in PBC.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1574-1577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997234

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and genetic characteristics of sapovirus (SaV) in a cluster of schools in Changzhou, so as to provide a reference for the treatment of clustered vomiting and diarrhea events in schools.@*Methods@#The epidemiological data and laboratory test data of sapovirus clusters in Changzhou from 2019 to 2022 were collected and analyzed. Partial VP1 genes of SaV positive samples were amplified and sequenced for phylogenetic analysis.@*Results@#A total of 8 cases of clusters of SaV epidemics were reported in Changzhou City from 2019 to 2022, with 118 reported cases. The total attack rate was 1.47%, and the median of the attack number was 15. There were 6 outbreaks in kindergartens and 2 outbreaks in primary schools, which were reported in the epidemic period from September to December. The main clinical manifestations were vomiting (113 cases, 95.76 %), abdominal pain (39 cases, 33.05%), and diarrhea (16 cases, 13.56%). Among the 8 outbreaks, 17 sample strains were successfully sequenced. 5 outbreaks were GII.3 , and the other 3 outbreaks were GI.1, GI .3 and GII.2. GI and GII were the main genotypes in this area, and GII .3 was the predominant strain.@*Conclusion@#SaV is an important pathogen in the clusters of vomiting and diarrhea in schools after the transmission of norovirus. Continuous surveillance of SaV should be carried out to further understand its epidemiological characteristics and genotype distribution, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of the epidemic in schools.

14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 831-839, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997037

ABSTRACT

Statistics plays an important role in medical research, and the selection of appropriate statistical methods is crucial for drawing reliable and valuable conclusions. This paper provides a brief introduction to commonly used statistical analysis methods for medical data, covering descriptive analysis, parametric test, nonparametric test, correlation analysis, regression analysis, and analysis of survival data. It focuses on discussing the assumptions of multiple linear regression, logistic regression and Cox proportional risk regression, as well as how to choose the appropriate statistical methods for analyzing and interpreting medical data based on different research objectives and data types.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 360-366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995738

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analysis of subtype distribution characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, pathological findings of HPV-positive patients operated colposcopy and cervical histopathological examination in Changsha from 2020 to 2022.Methods:Retrospective analysis of HPV infection status of 60 354 patients was treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine from Jan. 2020 to Oct. 2022. They were divided into<25 years old group (3 250 cases), 25-34 years old group (19 406 cases), 35-44 years old group (17 297 cases), 45-54 years old group (13 104 cases), 55-64 years old group (4 793 cases) and≥65 years old group (2 504 cases). Cervical exfoliated cells were collected from women and specimen of lesion site were collected from men. HPV genotyping detection used polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and flow fluorescence hybridization, which could detect 27 HPV genotypes. Analyze the distribution of HPV subtypes in patients of different age groups and different treatment departments. Analyze the relationship between the infection of HPV subtypes and the outcome of 224 patients with HPV positive who also underwent colposcopy and cervical histopathology. Pearson correlation test was used for correlation analysis, and two-tailed P<0.05 was statistically significant; Pearson chi-square test or continuous correction chi-square test was used to compare the rates between groups, and two-tailed P<0.05 was statistically significant; Chi-square split test was used to compare multiple sample rates. The standard test was corrected according to the number of groups and then compared. The difference was statistically significant when the two-tailed P value was less than the corrected standard test. Results:The overall positive rate of HPV was 16.4% (9 909/60 354). Among all HPV positive patients, affection of single type HPV accounted for 75.5% (7 479/9 909) and affection of multi-type HPV accounted for 24.5% (2 430/9 909). The top six HPV types with infection rates from high to low were: HPV52 22.8% (2 256/9 909), HPV58 11.1% (1 097/9 909), HPV53 10.5% (1 045/9 909), HPV16 9.0% (890/9 909), HPV61 7.8% (774/9 909) and HPV6 7.6% (750/9 909). The difference of overall infection rate between different age groups was statistically significant (χ 2=536.90, P<0.001). The HPV infection rate was the highest in the<25 years old group, 30.1% (978/3 250), and it is higher than the age groups of 25-34 years old, 15.6% (3 035/19 406), group of 35-44 years old, 14.2% (2 464/17 297), group of 45-54 years old, 16.1% (2 115/13 104), group of 55-64 years old, 19.1% (915/4 793) and group of≥65 years old, 16.1% (402/2 504), with statistical significance( P<0.001 respectively). The most common types of HPV infection were type 6, 16.7% (378/2 266) and type 11, 10.5% (239/2 266) in dermatology clinics. The positive rate of HPV16 accounted for 12/17 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3 and cervical cancer cases, it was significantly higher than that in the inflammatory cases, 25.0% (35/140) and CIN1 cases, 23.0% (11/48), the statistical values were χ 2=15.02, P<0.001 and χ 2=12.48, P<0.001, respectively, all of which were statistically significant. Conclusions:HPV infection rate is highest in young people under 25 years old. Low-risk HPV6 and 11 are the main types of skin and venereal diseases. Among the total cases, high-risk HPV52, 58 and 53 are the most common types of infection with women in Changsha. However, high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer are more closely related to HPV16 infection.

16.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 236-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995496

ABSTRACT

Secondary lymphedema is a chronic progressive disease caused by the obstruction of lymphatic reflux, which leads to a series of secondary affection. There is no cure at present. Exploring the pathogenesis and treatment of lymphedema is based on animal models that mimic the pathophysiology of chronic lymphedema in humans. Currently, there are many known animal models of lymphedema, such as the limb lymphedema model of mice, dogs and other animals, and the rabbit ear lymphedema model. But most of them cannot induce the persistent and stable lymphedema temporarily, which lead to a deadlock in the related research progress. Therefore, it is necessary to improve and even create new animal models of lymphedema. This paper summarises the progress of relevant literature and provides references for further improving the establishment of a lymphedema animal model. It also summarise existing methods for evaluating lymphedema or lymphatic vessel function to provide an evaluation tool for modified or new animal models.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 358-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994334

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a patient with mitochondrial diabetes mellitus complicated with hypopituitarism were analyzed, the patient′s mitochondrial gene was detected by microarray capture high-throughput sequencing, and the related domestic and foreign literature was reviewed and analyzed. The results showed that the patient had m. 3243 A>G variant on MT-TL1 gene and the clinical features were consistent with mitochondrial diabetes mellitus and hypopituitarism.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 67-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994151

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intrathecal exosomes derived from human amniotic fluid (hAF exo) on neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI) in mice.Methods:Eighteen clean-grade healthy male Kunming mice, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), SNI group, and SNI+ hAF exo group. Spared nerve injury was produced by exposing the sciatic nerve and its branches and ligation and transection of tibial nerve and common fibular nerve in anesthetized mice. Another three mice were selected to develop the model of neuropathic pain after anesthesia. PKH-26 labeled hAF exo 7 μl was intrathecally injected on days 1, 2 and 3 after developing the model. The mice were sacrificed at 10 h after the end of administration, and the uptake of hAF exo by the dorsal horn of the injured lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord was observed with the fluorescence microscope. On 1, 2 and 3 days after developing the model, 1 μg/μl hAF exo 7 μl was intrathecally injected in SNI+ hAF exo group, and PBS 7 μl was intrathecally injected in Sham group and SNI group. The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MPWT) was measured at 1 day before and 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after operation. And then the mice were sacrificed after measurement of the pain threshold at 7 days after developing the model, and the ipsilateral lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord was taken for determination of the expression of CD11b, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-10 by Western blot. Results:The dorsal horn of the lumbar enlargement of the spinal cord on the injured side could absorb hAF exo with the fluorescence microscope. Compared with Sham group, the MPWT was significantly decreased at 3-7 days after developing the model, the expression of CD11b and IL-1β was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the expression of IL-10 in SNI group ( P>0.05). Compared with SNI group, the MPWT was significantly increased at 3-7 days after developing the model, the expression of CD11b and IL-1β was down-regulated, and the expression of IL-10 was up-regulated in SNI+ hAF exo group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intrathecal exosomes derived from human amniotic fluid can alleviate neuropathic pain in mice, and the mechanism may be related to mediation of the polarization of microglia from M1 type to M2 type and attenuation of neuroinflammation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 618-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application effect among Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36) scale and "Assessment for Therapeutic Efficacy on Kashin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 79-2011) standard in the evaluation of therapeutic effect of patients with Kashin-Beck disease, which could provide basis for the treatment evaluation of patients with Kashin-Beck disease.Methods:A total of 213 patients with Kashin-Beck disease in Gansu Province were investigated. WOMAC scale, SF-36 scale and standard of WS/T 79-2011 were used to analyze the quality of life of patients before and after treatment. The reliability, construct validity, content validity, discriminant validity of WOMAC and SF-36 scales were compared. Correlation between WOMAC, SF-36 scales and standard of WS/T 79-2011 were evaluated.Results:Both WOMAC and SF-36 scales had good construct validity and content validity (construct validity showed WOMAC and SF-36 scales contained 1 and 2 common factors, respectively; content validity showed WOMAC and SF-36 scales contained 3 and 8 common factors, respectively). The reliability and discriminant validity of WOMAC scale were better than those of SF-36 seale (reliability showed WOMAC reliability coefficient ≥0.934, the reliability coefficient of SF-36 scale was ranged from 0.386 to 0.999. Discriminant validity showed there were differences in 3 dimensions of the WOMAC scale before and after treatment, while there were differences in 6 out of 8 dimensions of the SF-36 scale). The correlation coefficients between WOMAC scale and standard of WS/T 79-2011 ranged from 0.175 to 0.437, the correlation coefficients between SF-36 scale and standard of WS/T 79-2011 ranged from - 0.434 to - 0.099 ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The reliability, discriminant validity and correlation with the standard of WS/T 79-2011 of WOMAC scale are better than those of SF-36 scale in efficacy evaluation of patients with Kashin-Beck disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1013-1016, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the teaching effect and novel ideas of online teaching applied in skill operation course.Methods:One hundred and fifty-one students studying in Sichuan University taking the First Aid in the Life: Basic Knowledge and Skills as an elective course in the autumn semester of 2019 and spring semester of 2020 were included as the research subjects in this study. Among them, 77 students in the spring semester of 2020 were selected as the experimental group and 74 students in the autumn semester of 2019 were selected as the control group. The students in the experimental group studied the first aid course by online platform, and the others in the control group studied through traditional teaching mode. The teaching effect of the two groups was compared and the teaching satisfaction of the two groups weas analyzed. SPSS 23.0 was used for Chi-square test and t-test. Results:There was no significant difference between the control group and the experimental group in the assessment scores of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, hemostatic bandaging, and fracture fixation [(8.65±0.81 vs 8.69±0.90, P=0.750); (8.10±0.50 vs 8.12±0.61, P=0.880); (8.21±0.89 vs 8.16±0.78, P=0.710)]. Among the students participating in the questionnaire survey in the experimental group, 59 (95.16%) students thought that this course was helpful in dealing with first aid in daily life, and 38 (61.29%) students did not want to change the traditional teaching method to online teaching. Conclusion:The application of online teaching in first-aid skill operation course is feasible and can achieve the similar teaching effect, which provides a novel idea for exploring the online teaching of first aid skills.

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