Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 117
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 286-293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971870

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize and analyze the protocols of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of post-stroke lower limb dysfunction. MethodsLiterature about rTMS for lower limb dysfunction of patients post stroke were retrieved from Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang Data from inception to August 17, 2022. The quality of the literature was evaluated with Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Literature quality, data extraction and scoping review were performed by two researchers. ResultsA total of 21 studies were included, in which 20 studies suggested that rTMS treatment could promote the recovery of lower limb motor function after stroke. One study showed negative result. rTMS interventions were reported safe, with no serious adverse reactions. There were great heterogeneity in the demographic and clinical information, study protocols, stimulation parameters, coil types, targets of stimulation, and motor-evoked potential measurement in the included studies. ConclusionThe future protocols of rTMS need to be combined with stroke stage and severity of injury. There is a demand for more real vs. sham rTMS studies, reporting similar designs with sufficient information, to achieve a significant level of evidence regarding the use of rTMS in post-stroke patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 193-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965032

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the brain mechanism of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on dysfunction after stroke using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). MethodsLiteratures about the functional magnetic resonance imaging study about repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for dysfunction after stroke were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang data from establishment to June 1st, 2021. The quality of the literature was evaluated with Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Literature screening, and data extraction were performed by two researchers. ResultsA total of 14 randomized controlled trials were finally enrolled. They were of high or very high quality. They mainly involved the therapeutic effect and imaging mechanisms of rTMS on dysfunction after stroke. ConclusionrTMS could change the excitability of the cerebral cortex and the effective connections between brain regions after stroke, promote the reorganization of brain function, and achieve the recovery of post-stroke dysfunction.

3.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 39-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on nerve injury markers and prognosis in patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCOP) . Methods: In May 2021, 103 ASCOP patients were treated in the emergency department of Harrison International Peace Hospital of Hebei Medical University from November 2020 to January 2021. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they received tDCS treatment. The control group (50 cases) were given oxygen therapy (hyperbaric oxygen and oxygen inhalation) , reducing cranial pressure, improving brain circulation and cell metabolism, removing oxygen free radicals and symptomatic support, and the observation group (53 cases) was treated with 2 weeks of tDCS intensive treatment on the basis of conventional treatment. All patients underwent at least 24 h bispectral index (BIS) monitoring, BIS value was recorded at the hour and the 24 h mean value was calculated. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and serum S100B calcium-binding protein (S100B) were detected after admission, 3 d, 7 d and discharge. Follow-up for 60 days, the incidence and time of onset of delayed encephalopathy (DEACMP) with acute carbon monoxide poisoning in the two groups were recorded. Results: The NSE and S100B proteins of ASCOP patients were significantly increased at admission, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.711, 0.326) . The NSE and S100B proteins were further increased at 3 and 7 days after admission. The increase in the observation group was slower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P(3 d)=0.045, 0.032, P(7 d)=0.021, 0.000) ; After 14 days, it gradually decreased, but the observation group decreased rapidly compared with the control group, with a statistically significant difference (P=0.009, 0.025) . The 60 day follow-up results showed that the incidence of DEACMP in the observation group was 18.87% (10/53) , compared with 38.00% (19/50) in the control group (P=0.048) ; The time of DEACMP in the observation group[ (16.79±5.28) d] was later than that in the control group[ (22.30±5.42) d], and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.013) . Conclusion: The early administration of tDCS in ASCOP patients can prevent the production of NSE and S100B proteins, which are markers of nerve damage. and can improve the incidence and time of DEACMP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Brain Diseases/therapy , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/therapy , Oxygen , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Prognosis , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 239-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969978

ABSTRACT

Electroacupuncture may play a role in treatment of learning and memory impairment after ischemic stroke by regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA)/cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway, nerve growth factor (NGF)/tyrosine kinase-A (TrkA) signaling pathway, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway, Notch signaling pathway, erythropoietin-producing hepatocyte (Eph)/ephrin signaling pathway. The interactions among these pathways should be further explored in treatment of learning and memory impairment after ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Ischemic Stroke , Learning , Signal Transduction/physiology
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 174-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969613

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe therapeutic effect of polysaccharides from Zanthoxyli Pericarpium on Alzheimer's disease(AD) was evaluated through establishing a mouse model of AD, and the structural characteristics of the polysaccharides was analyzed by sugar spectrum. MethodThe AD model of mice with rapid aging was established by intraperitoneal injection of D-galactose combined with gavage of aluminum trichloride, and the learning and memory ability of mice was evaluated by Morris water maze test, the histopathological status of brain and neuronal damage were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and Nissl staining. After hydrolysis of polysaccharides from Zanthoxyli Pericarpium with acid and different glycosidases, the characteristics of hydrolysates were analyzed by high performance thin layer chromatography(HPTLC) and fluorescence assisted carbohydrate gel electrophoresis(PACE). HPTLC chromatography was performed on a silica gel 60 plate with sampling volume of 5 μL, developing solvent of ethyl acetate-glacial acetic acid-water(2∶2∶1), developing twice, aniline-diphenylamine-phosphoric acid solution as chromogenic agent, and heating at 105 ℃ for 10 min, and then observed under sunlight. PACE experimental conditions were 34% separation gel and 8% concentration gel, electrophoresis buffer was 0.1 mol·L-1 tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethane(Tris)-boric acid buffer(pH 8.2). Electrophoresis was carried out at 0 ℃ and the loading amount was 3-6 μL. The sample ran to the front of the gel with a constant current of 15 mA, and imaged under ultraviolet 365 nm. ResultThe results of Morris water maze test showed that polysaccharides from Zanthoxyli Pericarpium significantly improved the learning and memory ability of AD model mice, shortened the escape latency, and significantly increased the number of crossing and the residence time in the target quadrant. The results of histopathological experiments showed that polysaccharides from Zanthoxyli Pericarpium could improve the pathological conditions and neuronal damage in the CA1 and CA3 regions of hippocampus of AD mice, and the number of Nissl corpuscles was significantly increased. The results of sugar spectrum analysis showed that the results of HPTLC and PACE analysis were basically consistent, polysaccharides from Zanthoxyli Pericarpium could be mainly hydrolyzed into small molecular sugars by cellulase and pectinase, indicating that they mainly contained β-1,4-glucosidic bond and α-1,4-galacturonic acid glycosidic bond, and could be slightly hydrolyzed by glucanase, β-galactosidase and β-mannase, indicating that they contained only a small amount of α-1,6-glucosidic bond, β-galactosidic bond, β-1,4-mannosidic bond. ConclusionPolysaccharides from Zanthoxyli Pericarpium has obvious therapeutic effect on AD mice, and its structure mainly contains β-1,4-glucosidic bond and α-1,4-galacturonic acid glycosidic bond, which can provide a reference for the structural analysis of traditional Chinese medicine polysaccharides.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 365-370, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995441

ABSTRACT

The number of artificial intelligence (AI) tools for colonoscopy on the market is increasing with supporting clinical evidence. Nevertheless, their implementation is not going smoothly for a variety of reasons, including lack of data on clinical benefits and cost-effectiveness, lack of trustworthy guidelines, uncertain indications, and cost for implementation. To address this issue and better guide practitioners, the World Endoscopy Organization has provided its perspective about the status of AI in colonoscopy as the position statement.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1320-1324, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of continuous hemoperfusion (HP) on the levels of soluble CD14 isoform (sCD14-st) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) on patients with diquat (DQ) poisoning and its significance.Methods:A total of 86 patients with acute DQ poisoning admitted to the department of emergency medicine, Harrison International Peace Hospital Affiliated to Hebei Medical University from May 2018 to August 2021 were enrolled and divided into the intermittent HP group (40 cases) and the continuous HP group (46 cases) according to the random number table method. All patients received basic treatment and continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) within 24 hours after admission. On this basis, the intermittent HP group received HP treatment within 2 hours, lasting 2 hours each time for every 8 hours, 3 times in all; the continuous HP group received continued HP treatment until there was no DQ component in urine samples. Serum NGAL levels were detected in all patients before treatment and at 3 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 2 days, 3 days, 5 days, and 7 days after treatment. At the same time, serum sCD14-st, blood lactate (Lac), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), serum creatinine (SCr), MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) levels were detected before treatment and at 24 hours, 3 days, and 7 days after treatment. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn to analyze the 28-day survival of patients. Results:Before treatment, there was no significant difference in serum NGAL, sCD14-st, Lac, PaO 2, SCr, CK-MB and IL-18 levels between the two groups. With the prolongation of treatment, the serum levels of NGAL, sCD14-st, Lac, SCr, CK-MB and IL-18 in the intermittent HP group increased at first and then decreased. Serum levels of NGAL, sCD14-st, CK-MB and IL-18 reached their peaks at 24 hours after treatment, and the Lac and SCr levels reached their peaks at 3 days after treatment. In addition, the levels of the above indexes at each time point in the continuous HP group were all significantly lower than those in the intermittent HP group [after 24 hours of treatment: NGAL (μg/L) was 345.90±30.75 vs. 404.24±38.79, sCD14-st (ng/L) was 1 941.88±298.02 vs. 2 656.35±347.93, CK-MB (U/L) was 30.67±9.11 vs. 43.28±8.06, IL-18 (ng/L) was 139.49±16.29 vs. 177.98±27.85; 3 days of treatment: Lac (mmol/L) was 2.98±0.26 vs. 3.72±0.49, SCr (μmol/L) was 125.01±24.24 vs. 156.74±28.88; all P < 0.05]. However, there was no significant difference in PaO 2 levels between the two groups at each time point after treatment. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the 28-day mortality of patients in the continuous HP group was significantly lower than that in the intermittent HP group [26.09% (12/46) vs. 52.50% (21/40); Log-Rank test: χ2 = 7.288, P = 0.007]. Conclusion:Continuous HP could effectively reduce serum sCD14-st, NGAL levels and 28-day mortality in patients with DQ poisoning, with good curative effect.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1316-1320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of gingival crevicular fluid and serum gingival sulcus fluid Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) and interleukin (IL)-17 in patients with chronic periodontitis and their clinical significance.Methods:80 patients with chronic periodontitis (observation group) and 40 healthy periodontal subjects (control group) were prospectively selected. The gingival index (GI), bleeding index (BI), probe depth (PD), loss of attachment (AL) levels were compared between the two groups. The IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), DKK1, MIP-1α and IL-17 levels in the gingival sulcus fluid and serum of the two groups were compared, and the correlation of DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 levels with periodontal indexes and inflammatory factors in the observation group were analyzed. The DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 levels in the gingival crevicular fluid and serum before and after treatment were compared among the patients with different disease degrees.Results:The levels of GI, BI, PD and AL in the observation group [(2.11±0.36)points, (3.76±0.65)points, (4.56±0.78)mm, (4.06±0.49)mm, respectively] were higher than those of the control group [(0.53±0.08)points, (1.61±0.33)points, (2.13±0.29)mm, 0 mm, respectively] (all P<0.05). The levels of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 in gingival crevicular fluid of the observation group [(65.23±9.30)ng/L, (310.19±42.95)ng/L, (40.46±9.70)ng/L, (13.70±3.62)μg/L, (19.67±8.14)μg/L, (315.84±53.76)pg/μl] were higher than those of the control group [(36.81±5.61)ng/L, (178.21±25.73)ng/L, (26.43±5.76)ng/L, (7.41±2.02)μg/L, (6.23±1.99)μg/L, (266.64±46.27)pg/μl, respectively] (all P<0.05). The serum levels of IL-8, TNF-α, DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 in the observation group were also higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). In the observation group, the levels of DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 in gingival crevicular fluid and serum were positively correlated with eriodontal indexes (GI, BI, PD, AL) and the IL-8 and TNF-α levels (all P<0.05). In the observation group, the levels of DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 in gingival crevicular fluid and serum of mild patients were lower than those of moderate to severe patients, and the levels of DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 in mild and moderate to severe patients after treatment were also lower than those before treatment, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The levels of DKK-1, MIP-1α and IL-17 in gingival crevicular fluid and serum of patients with chronic periodontitis are increased, which are closely related to the occurrence and development of chronic periodontitis. Detection of these indicators has certain significance for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 158-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923777

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cyst fluid protein (HCFP) on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic rhinitis (AR) in mice. Methods Twenty-four BALB/c mice at ages of 8 to 10 weeks, each weighing approximately 20 g, were randomly divided into four groups, including groups A (blank control group), B (blank intervention group), C (AR model group) and D (AR+HCFP intervention group), with 6 mice in each group. On days 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12, mice in groups A, B, C and D were injected with 200 μL sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS), 200 μL sterile PBS containing 20 μg HCFP, 200 μL sterile PBS containing 50 μg OVA and 5 mg Al(OH)3 gel, and 200 μL sterile PBS containing 50 μg OVA, 5 mg Al(OH)3 gel and 20 μg HCFP, respectively. On days 14 to 20, mice in groups A, B, C and D were administered with 40 μL sterile PBS, 40 μL sterile PBS containing 20 μg HCFP, 40 μL sterile PBS containing 2 mg OVA and 40 μL sterile PBS containing 2 mg OVA and 20 μL HCFP by nasal drop, respectively. Mouse behavioral changes were observed and behavioral scores were estimated. The serum levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, IL-10, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and OVA-specific IgE antibody (OVA-sIgE) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes of mouse nasal mucosa were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Results The mean behavioral score was significantly greater in Group C (6.83 ± 0.50) than in groups A (1.17 ± 0.52) and B (1.33 ± 0.52) (P < 0.05), while a lower mean behavioral score was estimated in Group D (3.50 ± 0.50) than in Group C (P < 0.05). There were significant differences among the groups in terms of serum IFN-γ (F = 4.08, P < 0.05), IL-4 (F = 275.90, P < 0.05), IL-5 (F = 96.82, P < 0.05), IL-10 (F = 77.67, P < 0.05), TGF-β (F = 9.98, P < 0.05) and OVA-sIgE levels (F = 44.69, P < 0.05). The serum IFN-γ level was significantly lower in Group C than in groups A, B and C (P < 0.05), and the serum levels of IL-4, IL-5 and OVA-sIgE were significantly higher in Group C than in groups A, B and C (P < 0.05), while the serum IL-10 and TGF-β levels were significantly greater in Group D than in Group C (P < 0.05). Microscopy showed apparent loss of nasal mucosa cilia, increased number and enlargement of goblet cells, interstitial edema and submucous vascular dilation in Group C, while the pathological changes of nasal mucosa were alleviated in Group D relative to Group C. Conclusions E. granulosus HCFP has a protective activity against OVA-induced allergic rhinitis in mice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 508-513, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of peripheral perfusion index (PI) combined with central venous-arterial carbon dioxide tension to arterial-venous oxygen content ratio(Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2)for prognosis after initial resuscitation of septic shock. Methods:A total of 76 cases of patients with septic shock from January 2019 to January 2021 in emergency intensive care unit (EICU) of Harrson international peace hospital affiliated to Hebei Medical University were enrolled. All recovered according to 2016 Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Treatment International Guidelines 2016 (SSC 2016) , and PI was monitored, central vein and arterial blood gas analysis was performed, and the ratio of Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 was calculated.The PI and Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 at 3 h,hemodynamic variables,oxygen metabolism indexes,APACHEⅡ and SOFA score were recorded.Patients were divided into survival group and death group according to 28 d survival condition, the dfferences in demographics and clinical data were compared between two groups.The Kaplan-Meier urviving curve was created and the survival of the patients was analyzed by the Log-rank test. Risk factors associated with the prognosis were analyzed using the Cox regression analysis. The role of PI and Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 in prediting death was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curves(ROC). Results:There were 37 cases in survival group and 39 cases in death group.Compared with death group, PI in survival group [(1.77±0.63) vs. (0.89±0.69)]was significantly higher,and Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2[(1.52±0.52) vs. (2.57±0.86)] was significantly lower ( P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the median survival time in the high PI group [20.09 d (95% CI:16.95-23.24) vs.11.00d (95% CI:7.14-14.86)] was longer than that in the low PI group(χ 2=12.424, P=0.000),and that in low Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 group [23.74 d (95% CI:20.35-27.13) vs.12.85d (95% CI:9.75-15.95)] was longer than that in the high Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 group (χ 2=12.200, P=0.000) .Cox regression analysis showed that both PI ( RR=0.397, 95% CI: 0.230-0.687, P =0.001) and Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 ( RR=1.878, 95% CI: 1.169-3.019, P =0.009) were predictors of 28 d mortality.The area under the ROC curve of PI and Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 for predicting 28 d death in patients with septic shock were 0.828 (95% CI: 0.732-0.923) and 0.785 (95% CI: 0.6777-0.893)respectively. The optimal cutoff values were 0.52 (sensitivity 58.3% and specificity 94.4%) and 0.35 (sensitivity 88.9% and specificity 63.9%)respectively, and the AUC of the combined prediction of the two indicators was 0.903 (95% CI: 0.835-0.971). Conclusions:Combination of PI and Pv-aCO 2/Ca-vO 2 is better to predict the risk of adverse outcomes of septie shock patients,and may provide useful information for the resuscitation at early stage.

11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 557-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888707

ABSTRACT

Additional sex combs-like 1 (ASXL1) interacts with BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) deubiquitinase to oppose the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1)-mediated histone H2A ubiquitylation. Germline BAP1 mutations are found in a spectrum of human malignancies, while ASXL1 mutations recurrently occur in myeloid neoplasm and are associated with poor prognosis. Nearly all ASXL1 mutations are heterozygous frameshift or nonsense mutations in the middle or to a less extent the C-terminal region, resulting in the production of C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins. How ASXL1 regulates specific target genes and how the C-terminal truncation of ASXL1 promotes leukemogenesis are unclear. Here, we report that ASXL1 interacts with forkhead transcription factors FOXK1 and FOXK2 to regulate a subset of FOXK1/K2 target genes. We show that the C-terminally truncated mutant ASXL1 proteins are expressed at much higher levels than the wild-type protein in ASXL1 heterozygous leukemia cells, and lose the ability to interact with FOXK1/K2. Specific deletion of the mutant allele eliminates the expression of C-terminally truncated ASXL1 and increases the association of wild-type ASXL1 with BAP1, thereby restoring the expression of BAP1-ASXL1-FOXK1/K2 target genes, particularly those involved in glucose metabolism, oxygen sensing, and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathways. In addition to FOXK1/K2, we also identify other DNA-binding transcription regulators including transcription factors (TFs) which interact with wild-type ASXL1, but not C-terminally truncated mutant. Our results suggest that ASXL1 mutations result in neomorphic alleles that contribute to leukemogenesis at least in part through dominantly inhibiting the wild-type ASXL1 from interacting with BAP1 and thereby impairing the function of ASXL1-BAP1-TF in regulating target genes and leukemia cell growth.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 722-726, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910905

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical value of early cerebral oxygen utilization(O 2UCc)combined with the bispectral index(BIS)for monitoring delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning(DEACMP)in elderly patients. Methods:This was a retrospective analysis.A total of 90 elderly patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning(ASCMP)treated in Harrison International Peace Hospital from Nov.2018 to Jan.2020 were considered as research objects.Patients were divided into the DEACMP group(n=25)and the good prognosis group(n=65)according to their prognosis.Oxygen quantity absorbed into UCC(O 2UCc)and Bispectral index(BIS)at different times in the early stages were compared between the two groups.Correlations of O 2UCc and BIS with the occurrence of DEACMP were analyzed.Clinical significance of O 2UCc or BIS alone and of the two parameters in combination for the prediction of DEACMP was investigated. Results:O 2UCc was higher and BIS was lower in the DEACMP group than in the good prognosis group at 0 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h after admission(all P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that O 2UCc was negatively correlated with DEACMP( r0 h=-0.482, r6 h=-0.534, r12 h=-0.587, r24 h=-0.514, all P<0.01), BIS was positively correlated with DEACMP( r0 h=0.348, r6 h=0.583, r12 h=0.679, r24 h=0.489, all P<0.01), and the correlation was the strongest at 12h after admission.ROC curve analysis was performed with O2UCc, BIS and the combined predictors at 12 h, and the results showed that the areas under the ROC curve of O 2UCc, BIS and the two in combination for DEACMP prediction were 0.845, 0.850 and 0.909, respectively, the sensitivities were 78.5%, 90.8% and 96.9% and the specificities were 80.0%, 76.0% and 84.0%, respectively. Conclusions:Early detection of O 2UCc or BIS has a good clinical value for predicting the development of ASCMP to DEACMP, and their combined value is even better.

13.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1007-1012, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907745

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the relationship between heart rate adjusted QT dispersion (QTcd) and soluble growth stimulating gene 2 protein (sST2) and the severity and prognosis of patients with acute carbon monoxide toxic heart disease.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on 135 patients with acute carbon monoxide toxic heart disease admitted to the Emergency Medical Department of our hospital from January 2017 to 2020. Blood sST2, creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and troponin I(cTnI) concentrations were recorded at 3 h, 12 h, 2 d and 3 d immediately after admission.The patient was measured and calculated on the day of admission,2 d,3 d and QTcd at discharge.According to the toxicity of carbon monoxide in heart disease severity was divided into mild heart disease group (58 cases), moderate heart disease group (45 cases), severe heart disease group (32 cases), according to whether severe heart disease were divided into severe group (32 cases) and non severe group (103 cases), according to whether the patients death in patients with severe heart disease.Results:Thirty-two of the 135 patients had severe toxic heart disease, with an incidence of 23.7%.In the severe group, sST2, cTnI and CK-MB increased from 24 h and 2 d after admission, and the detected values were all higher than those of the non-severe group and the normal control group, with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05).Before treatment, there were statistically significant differences in sST2 and QTcd between the toxic group and the non-severe group and the normal control group ( P<0.05).After 2 d and 3 d poisoning, there were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the sST2 curve was 0.726, 95% CI was 0.555-0.898, sensitivity was 56.3%, specificity was 94.1%, and truncation was 88.5 ng/mL.The area under the QTcd curve was 0.745, 95% CI was 0.602-0.889, sensitivity was 56.3%, specificity was 82.4%, and truncation value was 68.5 ms.The area under the combined detection curve was 0.939, 95% CI was 0.874-1.000, sensitivity was 81.3%, specificity was 91.2%. Conclusions:In patients with acute carbon monoxide toxic heart disease, the level of sST2 increased earlier than THAT of cTnI and CK-MB, and the combined observation of sST2 and QTcd can be used as an indicator for early prediction of acute carbon monoxide toxic heart disease and its severity.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1402-1411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923809

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the theory, policy framework, and core content of physical activity policies and physical activity guidelines. Methods Using a policy research and content analysis approach and the theory of the six components of World Health Organization (WHO) health service system, we specifically analyze the theory, framework, and core content of WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity and WHO Physical Activity Guidelines. Results The Global Plan of Action for Physical Activity 2018-2030 (Action Plan) is an international policy document on physical activity issued by WHO that incorporates physical activity within the context of the seven principles of human rights, the life span, evidence-based practice, proportional universality, policy coherence and integration of health into all policies, participation and empowerment, and multisectoral partnerships into health services and social development. The Action Plan consists of four strategic objectives and 20 policy actions, covering six areas of WHO health service system, and the integration of physical activity policies into health services is of great importance in promoting the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3 of universal health coverage. As a technical document for the implementation of the Action Plan, 2020 WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (Guidelines) adopted the PI/ECO approach to analyze the physical activity needs of various groups of people, and provide guidelines to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, people with chronic diseases and people with disabilities. The guidelines cover duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity, types of physical activity, critical and important health outcomes of physical activity, and health risk prevention and related considerations. The Guidelines implement the relevant guiding principles of the Action Plan and aim to improve overall population participation in physical activity at the micro level and improve critical and important health outcomes for the overall population. Conclusion As a health and development strategy, the Action Plan promotes the integration of physical activity into the health delivery system to facilitate the achievement of the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3 of universal health coverage.The four strategic objectives and 20 policy actions of the Action Plan can be integrated into these six areas based on the six components of WHO Health Service Delivery System: leadership and governance, financing, human resources, service delivery, medical technology, and health information. As a technical document to implement the Action Plan, the Guidelines are based on the PI/ECO approach framework and provide guidance on increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, chronic patients, and persons with disabilities. The core content addresses the target populations, duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity, types of physical activity, critical and important health outcomes of physical activity, and health risk prevention and related considerations.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1393-1401, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923808

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the functional status and influencing factors of physical fitness of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities enrolled in special education, and to establish framework of physical fitness for analysis of physical fitness and exercise intervention using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods Based on the ICF apporach, we analyzed the functional status and physical fitness characteristics and influencing factors of students in special education schools, and developed a function-based physical fitness intervention program for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities with reference to the requirements of WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (2020). Results A systematic analysis of the overall functional status of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities based on ICF, especially intellectual functions, activities and environmental factors related to intellectual disability, was conducted and discussed in the context of related motor functions and physical fitness. A physical activity program was developed based on the ICF and with reference to WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (Children and Adolescents), and related adaptive support strategies were proposed. Conclusion The overall functional status of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities has been analyzed in body functioning (both intellectual and motor), activity and participation, and environmental factors. Based on WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior and the ICF framework, a physical activity program for physical fitness with adaptive and supportive teaching and training methods, has been developed for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1384-1392, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923807

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the overall functioning of children with learning disabilities, and develop individualized exercise rehabilitation protocol using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods Based on the theoretical framework of ICF and the disease diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), and with the perspective of child development, the functional profiles of cognition, understanding, attention, thinking, motor, and activity and participation of children with learning disabilities were analyzed. A function-oriented and individulized exercise rehabilitation protocol for children with learning disabilities was constructed in light of ICF bio-psycho-social health paradignm and the theory of somatic and mental interaction. Results The functional performance of children with learning disabilities mainly demonstrated in mental dysfunction in physical functioning in the activities and participation limitations, such as learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, and communication. For the environment factors, products and technology for education, products and technology for culture, recreation and sports, and services, systems and policies could also affect children with learning disabilities. Physical activity was beneficial for children with learning disabilities to improve mental and motor functioning and to effectively enhance intellectual, cognitive, attentional, communication, and mobility skills for the overall development of the children. Physical activity for children with learning disabilities was selected according to WHO guidelines for physical activity and sedentary behavior for children, and moderate to vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes, as well as high-intensity training no less than three times a week, together with appropriate physical games and leisure physical activities could effectively improve learning outcomes and reduce learning disabilities. Conclusion The health condition, functioning and motor development of children with learning disability had been analyzed using ICD-11 and ICF, and with the theories of somatic and metal interaction and ICF bio-psycho-social model, the holistic and function-oriented exercise rehabilitation program was developed that recommended at least 60 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity, including aerobic exercise and physical games, per day, and at least three times a week of high intensity physical activity of no less than 30 minutes, including plyometrics and physical competition. The development of individualized function-based exercise rehabilitation programs incorporating the learning disability and motor function characteristics of children could effectively improve the cognitive, attentional, and thinking functions of children with learning disabilities, reduce learning disabilities, and promote the overall development of children.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1374-1383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923806

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the theories, content and approaches of integrating physical activity in children's eye health service system in the context of health services. Methods From the perspectives of six building blocks of WHO health system, namely, leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medical technology, and health information system, we analyzed the policy framework and key contents related to school-based eye health and physical activity, and explored how to promote the implementation of physical activity into the school-based eye health service system, and the integration of physical activity into the eye health continuum: prevention, intervention, rehabilitation, and health promotion. Results In perspective of health system, the integration of physical activity into school-based eye health services should be in accordance with the five principles of cross-cutting health services, namely, universal accessibility and equity, human rights, evidence-based, life-span, and empowerment. According to the World Vision Report, WHO advocates to build a person-centered eye health service system, and person-centeredness is the core concept of the new model of school-based eye health services and physical activity integration. WHO advocates a school-based approach to education and physical activity in health-promoting schools to promote student health, physical activity as a preventive, interventional, rehabilitation and health promotive measure related to children's eye health, and vigorously train professionals within schools who have knowledge and skills related to physical activity and eye health, build an information system on physical activity and children's eye health, and promote the integration of physical activity into the school-based eye health service system. Conclusion Physical activity is an important measure to promote children's eye health and an important component to achieve a person-centered eye health service system. Based on the six building blocks of the WHO health service system, a school-based eye health service that integrates a theoretical and methodological system of physical activity is constructed, requiring the provision of health promotion methods such as education and physical activity in the school setting, to enhance leadership and governance of eye health services based on educational and physical activity approaches in the school setting, establish new funding mechanisms, provide financial security, develop human resources related to physical activity for eye health, improve related service delivery systems, develop high-quality physical activity intervention eye health techniques and equipment, and integrate information on children's physical activity and eye health into school health information systems to achieve children's eye health and promote their physical and mental development.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1365-1373, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923805

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically analyze the framework and core content of physical activity inclusive school health policies. Methods This study conducted systematic content analysis of key messages of WHO key documents related to physical activity and school health services, and constructed policy and research framework. WHO's key policy documents in the field of school health included: Making Every School a Health-Promoting School Implementation Guidelines, WHO Guidelines on School Health Services, and the Global Criteria and Indicators for Making Every School a Health-Promoting School, and the key documents in the field of physical activity mainly include Global Action Plan for Physical Activity Promotion 2018-2030: Strengthening Physical Activity for a Healthy World, and WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (Children and adolescents). Results Physical activity, as a health strategy and development strategy, is one of the most important tools for achieving health-promoting schools. In the area of health and education, the key to building health-promoting schools is to focus on child functioning and development, with the goal of promoting healthy inclusion and equity in schools. In the school setting, physical activity for children and adolescents is integrated into the school health service continuum with a focus on health promotion. At the macro level, the state and relevant authorities should establish a strategic structure and strategic planning for the integration of physical activity into the school health service system. At the meso level, educational institutions should develop and improve school health service policies and programs, and improve school health service tools based on the requirements of WHO school health service guidelines. Child health services are achieved through the provision of high-quality physical education programs and after-school physical activities. At the micro level, guided by global standards for building health-promoting schools, physical activity is promoted in the form of lessons and activities for healthy child development. Integrating physical activity into the school health service system can be done in six areas: school health leadership and governance, school infrastructure funding, school health service delivery that supports physical activity, human resources for school health, school health-related medicine and technology, and school health information system. We need to implement health-promoting school policies, strengthen multi-level school leadership and governance, raise the necessary funds to develop human resources adapted to the construction of health-promoting schools and build programs to support physical activity. Conclusion School health service is an important area for promoting children's health and achieving the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, and physical activity is an important strategy of school health services. Policy documents issued by WHO construct the integration of physical activity into the policy framework of the school health service system, of which the core component is to integrate physical activity into the health-promoting school with educational and physical activity approaches. According to the WHO six building blocks of health service system, the integration of physical activity into the school health requires strengthening school health leadership and governance, improving school infrastructure financing, developing school health human resources, developing school-based health-related medical technologies, and establishing a health information system for sharing student health data.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1402-1411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923793

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the theory, policy framework, and core content of physical activity policies and physical activity guidelines. Methods Using a policy research and content analysis approach and the theory of the six components of World Health Organization (WHO) health service system, we specifically analyze the theory, framework, and core content of WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity and WHO Physical Activity Guidelines. Results The Global Plan of Action for Physical Activity 2018-2030 (Action Plan) is an international policy document on physical activity issued by WHO that incorporates physical activity within the context of the seven principles of human rights, the life span, evidence-based practice, proportional universality, policy coherence and integration of health into all policies, participation and empowerment, and multisectoral partnerships into health services and social development. The Action Plan consists of four strategic objectives and 20 policy actions, covering six areas of WHO health service system, and the integration of physical activity policies into health services is of great importance in promoting the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3 of universal health coverage. As a technical document for the implementation of the Action Plan, 2020 WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (Guidelines) adopted the PI/ECO approach to analyze the physical activity needs of various groups of people, and provide guidelines to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, people with chronic diseases and people with disabilities. The guidelines cover duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity, types of physical activity, critical and important health outcomes of physical activity, and health risk prevention and related considerations. The Guidelines implement the relevant guiding principles of the Action Plan and aim to improve overall population participation in physical activity at the micro level and improve critical and important health outcomes for the overall population. Conclusion As a health and development strategy, the Action Plan promotes the integration of physical activity into the health delivery system to facilitate the achievement of the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 3 of universal health coverage.The four strategic objectives and 20 policy actions of the Action Plan can be integrated into these six areas based on the six components of WHO Health Service Delivery System: leadership and governance, financing, human resources, service delivery, medical technology, and health information. As a technical document to implement the Action Plan, the Guidelines are based on the PI/ECO approach framework and provide guidance on increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior for children and adolescents, adults, older adults, pregnant and postpartum women, chronic patients, and persons with disabilities. The core content addresses the target populations, duration, frequency, and intensity of physical activity, types of physical activity, critical and important health outcomes of physical activity, and health risk prevention and related considerations.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1393-1401, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923792

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the functional status and influencing factors of physical fitness of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities enrolled in special education, and to establish framework of physical fitness for analysis of physical fitness and exercise intervention using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Methods Based on the ICF apporach, we analyzed the functional status and physical fitness characteristics and influencing factors of students in special education schools, and developed a function-based physical fitness intervention program for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities with reference to the requirements of WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (2020). Results A systematic analysis of the overall functional status of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities based on ICF, especially intellectual functions, activities and environmental factors related to intellectual disability, was conducted and discussed in the context of related motor functions and physical fitness. A physical activity program was developed based on the ICF and with reference to WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior (Children and Adolescents), and related adaptive support strategies were proposed. Conclusion The overall functional status of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities has been analyzed in body functioning (both intellectual and motor), activity and participation, and environmental factors. Based on WHO Guidelines on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior and the ICF framework, a physical activity program for physical fitness with adaptive and supportive teaching and training methods, has been developed for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL