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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 658-669, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922881

ABSTRACT

Brain-targeted delivery plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases, but the existence of blood brain barrier (BBB) limits the development of brain-targeted delivery. As cell-derived nanovesicles, exosomes can participate in the transportation of substances between cells to mediate the communication between cells to play a biological regulatory role in vivo. Due to the low immunogenicity, low toxicity, high engineering and natural crossing over BBB, exosomes play an important role in brain-targeted delivery. In this paper, the composition of exosomes, the mechanism of brain targeted delivery and its role in various brain diseases are systematically described.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880554

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Huoxin Pill (, HXP) on cardiac fibrosis and heart failure (HF) in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced HF rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups including control, HF, isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), HXP low (HXP-L), and HXP high (HXP-H) groups (n=6 for each group) according to the complete randomization method. Rats were pretreated with ISMN (5 mg/kg daily), low concentration of HXP (10 mg/kg daily) or high concentration of HXP (30 mg/kg daily) or equal volume of saline by intragastric administration for 1 week, followed by intraperitoneal injection of ISO (10 mg/kg, 14 days), and continually intragastric administrated with above medicines or saline for additional 6 weeks. The effects of HXP treatment on the cardiac function, heart weight index (HWI), pathological changes, and collagen content were further assessed. Moreover, the role of HXP on activation of transforming growth factor- β 1 (TGF-β 1)/Smads pathway was further explored using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western-blot assay.@*RESULTS@#HXP treatment significantly alleviated the decrease of ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS), while decreased the elevation of left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) in ISO-induced HF rats (P<0.05). Moreover, HXP treatment obviously attenuated the increase of HWI and serum level of creatine kinase MB (CK-MB, P<0.05), as well as pathological changes in ISO-induced HF rats. Further determination indicated that HXP treatment alleviated the elevation of collagen I and collagen III protein expression in cardiac tissues of ISO-induced HF rats. Furthermore, HXP treatment significantly down-regulated the increase of TGF-β 1 and p-Smad2/3 protein expression in cardiac tissues of HF rats (P<0.05), while did not affect the expression of total Smad2/3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HXP attenuated heart failure and cardiac fibrosis in ISO-induced HF rats by suppression of TGF-β 1/Smad2/3 pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888085

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Xiaoyao San(XYS) in the treatment of three diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency, ie, depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia, and to provide a theoretical basis for the interpretation of the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of traditional Chinese medicines. Traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP) was used to screen the active components of XYS which underwent principal component analysis(PCA) with the available drugs for these three diseases to determine the corresponding biological activities. The targets of XYS on depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were obtained from GeneCards, TTD, CTD, and DrugBank databases. Cytoscape was used to plot the "individual herbal medicine-active components-potential targets" network. The resulting key targets were subjected to Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway analysis and gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis. A total of 121 active components of XYS and 38 common targets in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were collected. The key biological pathways were identified, including advanced glycation and products(AGEs)-receptor for advanced glycation and products(RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and cancer-related pathways. The key targets of XYS in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia included IL6, IL4, and TNF, and the key components were kaempferol, quercetin, aloe-emodin, etc. As revealed by the molecular docking, a strong affinity was observed between the key components and the key targets, which confirmed the results. The therapeutic efficacy of XYS in the treatment of diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency was presumedly achieved by reducing the inflammatory reactions. The current findings are expected to provide novel research ideas and approaches to classify the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of Chinese medicines, as well as a theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of XYS and exploring its clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Depression/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Dyspepsia/drug therapy , Humans , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888006

ABSTRACT

Viscum plants,the evergreen perennial parasitic shrubs or subshrubs,are mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. There are about 70 Viscum species around the world,including 11 species and one variety in China. Mistletoe lectins are typeⅡ ribosome-inactivating proteins( RIPs) extracted from Viscum plants with anticancer and immunoregulatory activities. Many studies have focused on the mistletoe lectins isolated from V. album in Europe and V. album var. coloratum distributed in South Korea,respectively,and several preparations,such as Iscucin Ⓡ,were developed and clinically applied for cancer treatment. Although Viscum plants are widely distributed in China,only a few studies of mistletoe lectins have been reported. The recent progress of mistletoe lectins was reviewed from extraction,purification,quantitative/qualitative detection,molecular structure,pharmacological activities,toxicities,and clinical application,aiming at providing a reference for in-depth research and utilization of mistletoe lectins produced in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lectins , Plant Extracts , Plant Lectins , Plant Proteins/genetics , Toxins, Biological , Viscum
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887991

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect and the possible mechanism of Shenlian( SL) extract on tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α)-induced ECV304 injury. After the establishment of TNF-α-induced ECV304 cells injure model,MTT assay was used to detect cell viability and the level of reactive oxygen species( ROS) was measured by flow cytometry. The contents of superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),nitric oxide( NO),endothelin-1( ET-1) and interleukin-1β( IL-1β) in the supernatant were detected by biochemical method and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins B-lymphoma-2 gene( Bcl-2),Bcl-2 associated X protein( Bax),caspase-3,caspase-9 and nuclear factor E2 associated factor2( Nrf2)/Kelch like epichlorohydrin associated protein-1( Keap1) signaling pathway related proteins Nrf2,Keap1,quinone oxidoreductase( NQO1) and heme oxygenase 1( HO-1) were detected by Western blot. The results showed that 50 μg·L-1 TNF-α significantly damaged ECV304 cells,induced the impairment of cell viability( P<0. 01),the increase of ROS production,the decrease of SOD activity,and the increase of MDA,NO,ET-1 and IL-1β( P<0. 01),meanwhile,it caused the up-regulation of Keap1,caspase-9 and Bax protein expression,and down-regulation of NQO1 and Bcl-2 protein expression( P<0. 05) compared with the control group.Compared with the model group,SL extract reduced the damage of ECV304 cells induced by TNF-α,improved cell viability,reduced ROS production,increased SOD activity and decreased MDA,NO,ET-1,IL-1β content( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). In addition,SL extract also down-regulated the protein expression levels of Keap1,caspase-3,caspase-9 and Bax,and increased the protein expressions of Nrf2,NQO1,HO-1 and Bcl-2( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). The above results indicate that SL extract can provide protective effect on ECV304 cells injury induced by TNF-α,alleviate oxidative stress injury,inflammation and apoptosis,and its mechanism may be related to regulating Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Plant Extracts , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy in treatment of stage Ⅲ massive cervical cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 84 patients with massive cervical cancer admitted to Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital from April 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different treatment regimens, patients were divided into the observation group and the control group, each with 42 cases. The observation group received albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy, and the control group received solvent-based paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy. The short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.Results:The partial remission (PR) rate of the observation group and the control group at 1 month of treatment was 92.9% (39/42) and 35.7% (15/42), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 29.867, P < 0.01). The complete remission (CR) rate of the observation group and the control group at 1 month after treatment was 59.5% (25/42) and 38.1% (16/42), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.859, P = 0.049). The incidence of diarrhea of the observation group was lower than that of the control group [33.33% (14/42) vs. 54.8% (23/42)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.913, P = 0.048). There were no statistical differences in the incidence of hematological adverse reactions and abnormal liver and kidney functions between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:The albumin-bound paclitaxel combined with nedaplatin followed by concurrent radiotherapy have a good short-term efficacy in treatment of stage Ⅲ massive cervical cancer, and the adverse reactions are tolerable.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912540

ABSTRACT

Bleeding and thrombotic diseases are closely related to various clinical departments. Laboratory-related tests play an important role in disease diagnosis and differential diagnosis, risk assessment, cause finding, and efficacy monitoring. Clot waveform analysis (CWA), as an automated coagulation detection technology, can provide more valuable information about the entire coagulation process of a plasma sample. A large number of studies have showed that CWA has certain value in the evaluation of coagulation status of COVID-19 patients, the judgment of clinical phenotype of hemophilia A (HA) patients, and the monitoring of direct oral anticoagulant drugs (DOAC). In-depth interpretation and application of CWA in different clinical settings can provide more laboratory information for diagnosis and treatment of bleeding and thrombotic diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the characteristics of the phagocytosis and bactericidal function of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis(MDR- Mtb)-infected macrophage model, and the changes of the immune response and metabolic function in the process of phagocytosis and bactericidal function, aiming to provide reference for studying the role and mechanism of macrophages in the occurrence and development of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis(MDR-TB). Methods:We established MDR- Mtb and H37Rv-infected macrophage models, and used the colony-forming unit (CFU), Magnetic Luminex ? Assay and Cholesterol Assay kit to observe the effects on phagocytosis and bactericidal function, the secretion of Th1(IL-12/23 p40, IL-27 and TNF-α) and Th2 cytokines (IL-6 and IL-10) and cholesterol metabolism. The data were analyzed by SPSS25.0 software. The data were expressed as Mean± SD and analyzed by t test or F test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:(1) After MDR- Mtb-infected macrophages, the intracellular CFU gradually increased and reached the highest at 24 h, while the extracellular CFU gradually decreased and reached the lowest at 24 h. The intracellular CFU at 48 h was lower than that at 24 h, while the extracellular CFU was higher than that at 24 h ( P<0.05). Both intracellular and extracellular CFU at 48 h were close to those at 4 h ( P>0.05). The intracellular CFU was lower than the H37Rv group at 8-48 h, while the extracellular CFU was higher than the H37Rv group ( P<0.05). (2) The level of IL-12/23 p40, IL-27, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 of MDR-TB group were higher than those of blank group ( P<0.05), but the level of TNF-α and IL-6 at 24 h and 48 h were higher than that at 4 h ( P<0.05). IL-12/23 p40 and TNF-α at 48 h and IL-6 at 24 h were lower than those of the H37Rv group, while IL-27 at 48 h was higher than that of the H37Rv group ( P<0.05). (3) The levels of cholesterol of MDR-TB group at 24 h and 48 h were lower than those of 4 h and blank group ( P<0.05), but the level of cholesterol was similar to the H37Rv group at any time ( P>0.05). (4) TNF-α reached the highest when the intracellular CFU reached the highest at 24 h, and IL-6 reached the highest when the intracellular CFU decreased at 48 h. With the decreasing of cholesterol expression, the intracellular CFU increased and then decreased. Conclusions:MDR- Mtb could induce the phagocytosis and bactericidal function of macrophages, increase the expression of Th1 and Th2 cytokines and promote the utilization and consumption of cholesterol, but this function was weaker than that of H37Rv strain.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 872-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911907

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the splicing mutation site of COL4A5 gene in a family with X-linked dominant Alport syndrome and explore the possibility of exon specific U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) gene therapy. Methods:The clinical data of the proband and family members of Alport syndrome were collected, and the gene mutations in the whole exon of a series of nephropathy genes in the proband were detected by high-throughput sequencing. The splice site changes and pathogenicity caused by COL4A5 c.546+5G>A mutation were analyzed by online software. Minigene experiment was used to verify and analyze the effect of COL4A5 gene mutation site c.546+5G>A in the proband of Alport syndrome family, and transient transfection and introduction of modified U1 snRNA to correct splicing mutation. Results:The results of gene sequencing showed that there was a hemizygous variation of COL4A5 gene in the proband and his half brother, and the variation site was c.546+5G>A. The results of online software for analyzing the pathogenicity of splice variation showed that the original donor splicing site could not be detected after mutation, suggesting that there was a great possibility of affecting splicing. The abnormal splicing mode of COL4A5 gene with c.546+5G>A mutation—deletion of exon 9 was verified by hybridized small gene detection. The abnormal splicing mutation could be partially corrected by the modified U1 snRNA. The correction ratios of ExSpeU1 (MT), ExSpeU1(E9+1), ExSpeU1(E9+9) and ExSpeU1(E9+11) to exon 9 deletion caused by c.546+5G>A were 0, 43.81%, 52.09% and 48.12%, respectively. Conclusions:The pathogenicity of the new splicing mutation of COL4A5 is verified, and the modified U1 snRNA can partially correct the abnormal splicing.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 979-982, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911825

ABSTRACT

Intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the main causes of death and disability in adults, as a common emergency in neurology department. Hematoma expansion is related to early neurological deterioration and poor outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Existing studies have not found effective treatment methods in reducing hematoma expansion. The effective time window of intervention should be paid attention to, and anti-expansion treatments, such as antihypertensive, hemostasis therapy and others, should be performed within the effective time window. The establishment of early emergency green channel for intracerebral hemorrhage is of great significance, to shorten the visiting time of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and implement effective interventions for anti-hematoma within the anti-hematoma expansion treatment time window.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909574

ABSTRACT

Chaetocin is a natural metabolite product with various biological activities and pharmacological functions isolated from Chaetomium species fungi belonging to the thiodiketopyrazines. Numerous studies have demonstrated a wide range of antitumor activities of chaetocin in vitro and in vivo. Several studies have demonstrated that chaetocin sup?presses the growth and proliferation of various tumour cells by regulating multiple signalling pathways related to tumour initiation and progression, inducing cancer cell apoptosis (intrinsic and extrinsic), enhancing autophagy, inducing cell cycle arrest, as well as inhibiting tumour angiogenesis, invasion and migration. The antitumor effects and molecular mechanisms of chaetocin are reviewed and analysed in this paper, and the prospective applications of chaetocin in cancer prevention and therapy are also discussed. Our review provides the theoretical basis for exploiting the clinical applica?tion of chaetocin in cancer treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908110

ABSTRACT

The quality of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training plays an important role in improving the survival rate of patients with cardiac arrest. Various forms of training have been carried out all over China, which plays a great role in promoting the work of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, there is still a lot of room for improvement in the quality management and effect sustainability of training. This paper reviews the current situation and deficiencies of quality management of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, and the role of training quality in enhancing people's self-confidence in learning and rescue, training contents, training methods, quality evaluation indicators, evaluation methods, and quality influencing factors and retraining time requirements, and so on. And it puts forward some practical suggestions on the quality management of public cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in China. Such as it will more emphasize standardized training, deliberate practice, proficient training, National Training, long-term maintenance of knowledge and skills, and using useful tools to improve the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, etc. In order to improve the training quality management level of the public, so that the trainees can really master cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills, so as to improve the rescue rate and survival rate of patients with cardiac arrest. To promote the sustainable development of people's health.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between capillary filling time (CRT) and lactate clearance rate in patients with septic shock, so as to provide reference for the clinical application of CRT in patients with septic shock.Methods:A prospective study was conducted on 70 patients with septic shock. CRT, mean arterial pressure (map) and sequential organ failure (SOFA) score, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Scoring System (APACHE Ⅱ) score, mechanical ventilation and lactate clearance rate were collected at 3 sites (forehead, knee and nail bed) respectively at 2 time points after admission and 6 hours after admission. The correlation between CRT changes and lactate clearance rate was compared.Results:When lactate clearance rate of more than 10% in 6 hours, the Pearson coefficients of the three sites were 0.823 for nail bed ( P<0.05), 0.232 for forehead and 0.254 for knee ( P>0.05). When lactate clearance rate of less than 10% in 6 hours, the Pearson coefficients of the three sites were 0.299 for nail bed, 0.247 for forehead and 0.254 for knee ( P>0.05). Conclusion:When lactate clearance rate of more than 10% in 6 hours, there is a good correlation between the CRT of nail bed and the lactate clearance rate of patients. The CRT of nail bed can be a practical tool for clinical evaluation of microcirculation.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3526-3539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906830

ABSTRACT

We identified and analyzed the components and chemical constituents of hawthorn leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. (wild) and C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br (cultivated) by using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MSE) combined with UNIFI data analysis platform and multivariate statistics. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified, including organic acids, flavonoids, triterpenoic acids, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenoids; among them, terpenoid content was the most abundant. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to identify the differential components of hawthorn leaves from two sources. The results show that there are differences in the chemical compositions of the two sources, including 24 flavonoids and terpenoids (including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids and triterpenoid acids). The types of flavonoids (such as rutin, vitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, isovitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, hyperoside, quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) and terpenoids (crataegolic acid, corosolic acid and ursolic acid) in C. pinnatifida were more varied than those found in C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br, and their contents were relatively higher. This study provides a comprehensively analysis of the different chemical components of hawthorn leaves from two sources listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and provides a basis for the selection of raw materials and the potential development and utilization of hawthorn leaves.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3392-3400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906821

ABSTRACT

Complete healing of the intestinal mucosa is the most ideal goal in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The intestinal mucosa healing not only significantly alters the course of the disease and relieves clinical symptoms, but also markedly reduces the occurrence of complications and prevents recurrence of IBD. As chronic inflammation associated with peptic ulcer damage is the main pathological feature of IBD, clinical treatment is mainly based on anti-inflammatory therapy, but such therapy cannot promote the healing of the intestinal mucosa of patients. Therefore, how to achieve long-term remission of IBD is still an urgent challenge. In the process of intestinal mucosal repair, the polarization of macrophages maintains the homeostasis of the intestinal microenvironment, which is a representative process that promotes mucosal inflammatory-repair. It is a key part of initiating tissue regeneration that should not be underestimated. In this paper, we reviewed the literature of the past decade, focusing on the promotion of intestinal mucosal healing in IBD. The discussion will highlight the importance and feasibility of regulating macrophages to promote intestinal mucosal repair. Following this thought, we discuss the shortcomings of current clinical treatments and summarize the relevant drugs which have potential to promote intestinal mucosal repair. The aim is to provide effective potential drugs and therapeutic targets for the treatment of IBD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the taxonomic structure and diversity of endophytic fungi from <italic>Datura metel </italic>and screen the strains with anti-dermatophyte activities, so as to provide resources for the development of new lead compounds against dermatomycosis. Method:Endophytic fungi were isolated from the roots, stems and leaves of <italic>D. metel</italic> after tissue block incubation and then identified by morphological analysis and rDNA-internal transcribed spacer(ITS) sequencing. Their anti-dermatophyte activities were detected by agar diffusion assay. Result:A total of 292 strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from <italic>D. metel</italic>, belonging to 34 genera, with<italic> Fusarium</italic> (72.97%) in roots, <italic>Fusarium </italic>(37.25%) and <italic>Plectosphaerella </italic>(28.43%) in stems, and <italic>Colletotrichum </italic>(39.66%) in leaves as the dominant species. The isolation rate (89.23%), colonization rate (84.62%), and diversity index (1.82) of endophytic fungi in leaves were significantly higher than those in roots (70.48%, 70.48% and 1.23) and stems (69.39%,68.03% and 1.64). The determination of anti-dermatophyte activities of 35 endophytic fungal fermented filtrates showed that the strains exhibiting inhibitory activities against <italic>Microsporum canis</italic>, <italic>Trichosporon mucoides</italic>, <italic>Trichophyton rubrum</italic> and <italic>Candida albicans </italic>accounted for 97.14%, 71.43%, 45.71%, and 25.71%, respectively. Among them, six strains (17.14%), namely <italic>Fusarium </italic>sp. R1, <italic>Penicillium </italic>sp. R5, <italic>Aspergillus </italic>sp. R7, <italic>Metarhizium </italic>sp.<italic> </italic>S18, <italic>Diaporthe </italic>sp. S19, and <italic>Glomerella </italic>sp.<italic> </italic>L57, all inhibited the four types of cutaneous fungal pathogens. Conclusion:The endophytic fungi in <italic>D. metel</italic> are diverse, and the proportion of endophytic fungi possessing anti-dermatophyte activities is high, allowing them to serve as potential resources for the development of new anti-dermatophyte agents.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic efficacies of Wujiwan at two different compatibilities (No.1 and No.2) on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on neuro-endocrine-immune network, and provide a theoretical basis for the treatment based on syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:The chronic animal model of IBS with visceral hypersensitivity was established by colon irritation via percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in suckling rats. The animals were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a dicetel group (0.01 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), low- (0.335 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), medium- (0.67 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), and high-dose (1.34 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>) No. 1 Wujiwan groups, and low- (0.385 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), medium- (0.77 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), and high-dose (1.54 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>) No. 2 Wujiwan groups. The thresholds of abdominal elevation and bow back elevation were evaluated to detect the effect of Wujiwan on intestinal sensitivity of IBS. The density of mast cells (MC) in the colonic tissue of model rats was detected by the modified toluidine blue staining method. The concentrations/positive expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), substance P (SP), somatostatin (SS), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the blood/colon tissue were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay. Result:There was no significant difference in body weight among different groups. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited decreased thresholds of abdominal elevation and bow back elevation (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), increased density of MCs in the colon tissue (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), up-regulated levels of 5-HT, SP, and SS in the blood and colon tissue (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), and elevated VIP level in the colon tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, Wujiwan at different compatibilities could increase the thresholds of abdominal elevation and bow back elevation (<italic>P</italic><0.01), diminish the count of MC in the colon tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and reduce the levels of 5-HT, SP, SS, and VIP (<italic>P</italic><0.05). As demonstrated by the comparison of No. 1 and No. 2 Wujiwan, No. 1 was superior to No. 2 in reducing the concentrations of 5-HT, SP, and SS in the blood, especially in 5-HT (<italic>P</italic><0.01). No significant difference between No. 1 and No. 2 in reducing 5-HT positive expression in the colon tissue was observed. Compared to the No. 1 Wujiwan, No. 2 significantly reduced SP expression, and the intensity and range of SS expression in the colon tissue in the No. 2 groups were smaller than those in the No. 1 groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Wujiwan at different compatibilities was capable of improving gastrointestinal hormone disorder of IBS to reduce intestinal sensitivity. In terms of systemic effect, No. 1 was superior to No. 2, while in terms of local effect, No. 2 was advantageous. No. 1 Wujiwan was superior to No. 2 in the effect on intestinal dynamics, while No. 2 had an advantageous effect on intestinal sensation over No. 1.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction on B-type scavenger receptor (SRB1)/cholesterol 7<italic>α</italic>-hydroxylase protein (CYP7A1)/farnesol X receptor (FXR) signaling pathway in liver of hypercholesterolemic rats, and its mechanism in reducing blood lipid. Method:Among 40 SD rats, 8 were randomly selected as normal group, and the remaining 32 were successfully established as hypercholesterolemic model, and randomly divided into 4 groups: model group, low and high-dose Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction groups (7.8, 15.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and simvastatin group (4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 8 rats in each group. The drugs were continuously given for 8 weeks. Serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and liver TC,free cholesterol (FC) and total bile acid (TBA) were measured. The pathomorphological changes in liver were observed by Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) Staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of SRB1, CYP7A1 and FXR were determined by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. The immunohistochemistry was used to detect CYP7A1 and FXR expressions in liver. Result:Compared with the normal group, TC, TG, FC levels in the model group were significantly increased, while the TBA level was markedly decreased, the morphology showed obvious liver steatosis, and significant declines in expressions of SRB1, CYP7A1, FXR were observed by Real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry assays (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of TC,TG,FC in each treatment group were reduced significantly, and the TBA level was increased markedly, the liver steatosis decreased significantly, the results of Real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry assays showed significant increase in the expressions of SRB1, CYP7A1, FXR (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The therapeutic effect of high-dose Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction group was more remarkable than that in low-dose Shuangyu Tiaozhi Decoction group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), with no obvious difference compared with simvastatin group. Conclusion:Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction can promote hepatic RCT and synthesize bile acid by up-regulating SRB1/CYP7A1/FXR signaling pathway, so as to reduce the blood lipid levels and improve hepatic lipid metabolism of hypercholesterolemic rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for determining the plasma concentrations of 10 active ingredients in Wujiwan at different time points after oral administration, and to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics between normal rats and rats with chronic visceral hypersensitive irritable bowel syndrome (CVH-IBS). Method:CVH-IBS rat model was prepared by the neonatal rat colon percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) balloon stimulation method. After intragastric administration of Wujiwan (0.245 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), blood was collected from the jugular vein at different time points, and the plasma concentrations of 10 active ingredients (berberine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, coptisine hydrochloride, jatrorrhizine hydrochloride, epiberberine, dihydroberberine, evodiamine, evodine, paeoniflorin, albiflorin) in Wujiwan was detected simultaneously by UPLC-MS/MS, the pharmacokinetic parameters of each component in normal rats and CVH-IBS rats were calculated. Result:The established UPLC-MS/MS could sensitively and accurately detect the plasma concentrations of 10 active ingredients of Wujiwan in rats. Compared with the normal group, the absorption rates of these 10 active ingredients of Wujiwan in the blood of CVH-IBS rats all decreased to a certain extent, and the peak time (<italic>t</italic><sub>max</sub>) was prolonged. Among them, the <italic>t</italic><sub>max</sub> of berberine hydrochloride and jatrorrhizine hydrochloride were significantly prolonged from 54 minute and 39 minute to 90 minute, respectively (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC<sub>0-</sub><italic><sub>t</sub></italic>) of each component increased, and evodiamine and paeoniflorin were significantly different (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01). The clearance rates (CL/<italic>F</italic>) of these 10 active ingredients were all decreased, among which berberine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride and evodiamine had significant differences (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:There are significant differences in the pharmacokinetic behavior of the active ingredients in Wujiwan between normal rats and CVH-IBS rats, which may be related to the destruction of microstructure of intestinal epithelial cells and the change of activity of liver enzymes under the pathological state of IBS.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905948

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a new type of cell death caused by abnormal accumulation of iron-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) and imbalance of redox with the participation of iron ions. In recent years, studies have found that ferroptosis is associated with various diseases and can especially regulate the development of tumors. Chinese medicine has unique advantages in tumor prevention and treatment. How to use ferroptosis theory to guide the prevention and treatment of cancer and other tumor diseases by Chinese medicine is a new research hotspot. This paper summarizes the proposal, action mechanism, and signaling pathway of ferroptosis, its application in tumor therapy, and the research on the activity of Chinese medicine based on ferroptosis. Results found that the occurrence of ferroptosis is related to iron metabolism, lipid ROS metabolism, and other signaling pathways and gene expressions. Ferroptosis can regulate tumor initiation and development, treatment, and tumor immunity, which provides strategies for tumor treatment and anti-tumor drug development. By analyzing the biological activity of Chinese medicine against ferroptosis, we found that Chinese medicines (Scutellariae Radix, Puerariae Lobatae Radix, Astragali Radix, Ginkgo, Epimedii Folium, Artemisiae Annuae Herba, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), Chinese herbal compounds ( Naotaifang, Si Junzitang, and Shenmai injection), and Chinese medicine effective components (baicalein, dihydroartemisinin, puerarin, piperlongumine, luteolin, and quercetin) can exert antitumor and other biological activities by regulating ferroptosis. Therefore, Chinese medicine has great potential in preventing and controlling tumors and other diseases by regulating ferroptosis. This paper provides theoretical basis and research ideas for the in-depth study of ferroptosis theory and guides the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases by Chinese medicine.

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