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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923037

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of dispensing errors and effective prevention and control measures in outpatient pharmacies in domestic hospitals, in order to further improve the quality of drug dispensing. Methods The Chinese journal database was retrieved from 2015 to 2020 for the literature on the dispensing errors of outpatient pharmacies and the continuous improvement of the quality after the measures were taken in secondary and tertiary hospitals. Results Of the 146 literatures retrieved, 13 were included in the analysis (11 in tertiary hospitals and 2 in secondary hospitals). Before the improvement, the median of the drug dispensing error rate was 5.1‰, and after the improvement it was 1.1‰. Before and after the improvement, the types of drug dispensing errors were mainly quantity errors (52.5% vs. 51.3%), variety errors (28.3% vs. 28.7%), specifications and dosage forms errors (6.2% vs. 6.7%), and labeling errors (2.1% vs. 2.9%). The improvement measures taken for the reasons of dispensing errors have a high overlap rate, and they are concentrated in two aspects: personnel factors and drug factors. Conclusion The use of continuous quality improvement tools in hospital outpatient pharmacy to control and prevent dispensing errors is still a hotspot of current research. The composition of the types of errors after improvement has basically not changed. The implemen-tation of standardized operating procedures and other continuous improvement comprehensive measures can effectively reduce the incidence of dispensing errors, and contribute to the implementation of the “Expert Consensus on Medication Error Management in China”.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1021-1028, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014476

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of T40 on malignant biological behavior of glioma U87 and U251 cells and its mechanism. Methods U87 and U251 cells were treated with T40 at different concentrations (0,1,2 and 4 p,mol • L"1). Changes of cell proliferation, clonal formation, apoptosis, migration and invasion in each group were detected by CCK-8, cloning plate, flow cytometry, scratch and transwell experi-ments. Bioinformatics was used to explore T40 targets and analyze the relationship between targets and glioma progression. The protein expression levels of PTPN1, PTPN2, Bcl-2, Bax, pro-caspase-3 , cleaved caspase- 3, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in each group were detected by Western blot. Results T40 significantly inhibited U87 and U251 proliferation, clone formation, migration and invasion and promoted apoptosis ( P < 0. 05 ) ; T40 had 37 targets, among which the expression levels of PTPN1 and PTPN2 were negatively correlated with the overall survival rate of glioma patients; T40 signifi cantly reduced the expression of PTPN1, PTPN2, Bcl- 2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in U87 and U251 cells, and increased the expression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0. 05). Conclusions T40 inhibits the proliferation , migration and invasion of glioma U87 and U251 cells and promotes their apoptosis, and its mechanism may be related to the reduction of PTPN1 and PTPN2 expression.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888697

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, orthodontic treatment has become increasingly popular. However, the biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) have not been fully elucidated. We were aiming to summarize the evidences regarding the mechanisms of OTM. Firstly, we introduced the research models as a basis for further discussion of mechanisms. Secondly, we proposed a new hypothesis regarding the primary roles of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) and osteocytes involved in OTM mechanisms and summarized the biomechanical and biological responses of the periodontium in OTM through four steps, basically in OTM temporal sequences, as follows: (1) Extracellular mechanobiology of periodontium: biological, mechanical, and material changes of acellular components in periodontium under orthodontic forces were introduced. (2) Cell strain: the sensing, transduction, and regulation of mechanical stimuli in PDLCs and osteocytes. (3) Cell activation and differentiation: the activation and differentiation mechanisms of osteoblast and osteoclast, the force-induced sterile inflammation, and the communication networks consisting of sensors and effectors. (4) Tissue remodeling: the remodeling of bone and periodontal ligament (PDL) in the compression side and tension side responding to mechanical stimuli and root resorption. Lastly, we talked about the clinical implications of the updated OTM mechanisms, regarding optimal orthodontic force (OOF), acceleration of OTM, and prevention of root resorption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Periodontal Ligament , Periodontium , Root Resorption , Tooth Movement Techniques
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010490

ABSTRACT

Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is involved in both glucose and bone metabolism. IGF-1R signaling regulates the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. In this study, we investigated whether the IGF-1R/ β-catenin signaling axis plays a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic osteoporosis (DOP). Serum from patients with or without DOP was collected to measure the IGF-1R level using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Rats were given streptozotocin following a four-week high-fat diet induction (DOP group), or received vehicle after the same period of a normal diet (control group). Dual energy X-ray absorption, a biomechanics test, and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining were performed to evaluate bone mass, bone strength, and histomorphology, respectively, in vertebrae. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were performed to measure the total and phosphorylation levels of IGF-1R, glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), and β-catenin. The serum IGF-1R level was much higher in patients with DOP than in controls. DOP rats exhibited strikingly reduced bone mass and attenuated compression strength of the vertebrae compared with the control group. HE staining showed that the histomorphology of DOP vertebrae was seriously impaired, which manifested as decreased and thinned trabeculae and increased lipid droplets within trabeculae. PCR analysis demonstrated that IGF-1R mRNA expression was significantly up-regulated, and western blotting detection showed that phosphorylation levels of IGF-1R, GSK-3β, and β-catenin were enhanced in DOP rat vertebrae. Our results suggest that the IGF-1R/β-catenin signaling axis plays a role in the pathogenesis of DOP. This may contribute to development of the underlying therapeutic target for DOP.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rats , Bone Density , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Osteoporosis/etiology , Receptor, IGF Type 1/physiology , Signal Transduction , Streptozocin , beta Catenin/physiology
5.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 491-496, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823794

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to observe the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor( EG-FR),epidermal growth factor receptor 2(HER2)and epidermal growth factor receptor 3(HER3)in cholangiocarcinoma(CCA),and to explore the relationship between the expression of EGFR,HER2,HER3 and the clinicopathological features,overall survival time and proliferation of CCA patients. Methods Fifty patients with CCA who underwent surgery in our hospital from January 2009 to October 2013 were enrolled,and their adjacent tissues were also collected as controls. Immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR were used to de-tect the expression of EGFR,HER2 and HER3 in CCA and adjacent tissues. The clinicopathological parameters of patients were col-lected and the relationship between EGFR,HER2,and HER3 expression and clinicopathological parameters of CCA was analyzed. Ka-plan-Meier survival curves were plotted,and the relationship between the expression of EGFR,HER2,and HER3 and total postopera-tive survival of 50 patients with CCA was analyzed using the Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model. The expression of EG-FR,HER2 and HER3 in CCA QBC939 cell line was knocked down by RNA interference assay. The knockdown effect of EGFR,HER2 and HER3 was detected by Western blot. The effect of EGFR,HER2 and HER3 on proliferation of QBC939 cells was determined by MTT assay. Results The positive expression of EGFR,HER2 and HER3 was determined in CCA tissues. The relationship analysis of clinicopathological characteristics showed that the HER2 expression was associated with CCA lymph node metastasis(P<0. 05). EG-FR and HER3 was associated with CCA lymph node metastasis and correlated with cancer differentiation(P<0. 05). The overall sur-vival of patients with EGFR,HER2 and HER3 positive was significantly lower than that of negative patients( P<0. 05). After knoc-king EGFR,HER2 and HER3 expression,the proliferation was significantly decreased in QBC939 cells(P<0. 05). Conclusion The expression of EGFR,HER2 and HER3 in CCA tissues is closely related to the overall survival of patients,and the mechanism may be related to the promotion of proliferation of CCA cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the biological characteristics and therapeutic efficacyt of acute erythroleukemia (AEL,AML-M6).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood cell count, liver function, lactate dehydrogenase level, coagulation, morphology, immunology, cell genetics and molecular biology were retrospectively analyzed in 103 cases of acute erythroleukemia patients admitted in our department from May 2016 to June 2009. The therapeutic efficacy was observed by means of remission rate, relapse rate, relapse-free survival and overall survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The medians of white blood cells, granulocyte, hemoglobin and platelet were 3.04×10/L, 0.67×10/L, 66 g/L, and 45×10/L,respectively. Nucleated red blood cells were found in the peripheral blood smears from 71.1% of AEL patients. None of the patients showed abnormal coagulation function. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that CD13 (93.5%),CD117(89.1%), HLA-DR(87.0%), and CD34 (80.0%) were highly expressed in AEL, and lymphoid antigens of CD4 (42.9%) and CD7(28.9%) were expressed in partial patients. Karyotype analysis in 82 patients showed 52.4% (43/82) normal karyotype, 41.5% (34/82) abnormal karyotype, and 6.1% (5/82) failed tests. In the 34 cases with abnormal karyotype, there were 14(41.2%) cases with simple chromosomal abnomality and 20(58.8%) cases with complex karyotype. The positive rate of fusion gene accounted for 16.7% in 60 patients, and the gene mutations accounted for 77.8% in 27 patients. Among 103 cases of AEL, 81 cases were treated with chemotherapy, but 66 cases can be used for therapeutic analysis, as a results the total complete remission rate derived from 2 courses of treatment was 45.5% (30/66). The relapse rate was 36.7% (11/30), and the median relapse time was 15.5 months (6.2-50 months). The median survival time of 66 patients for therapeutic analysis was 29 months. The median survival time of CR patients was very significantly longer than that of the non-CR patients(P=0.001). The 5 year survival rate of CR patients was 65%, the median time of relapse-free survival (RFS) was 46.2 months and 3-years RFS was 58%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AEL is characterized by the highly expressed CD34 antigen, and complex karyotype. Although AEL has lower CR rate and poor prognosis, CR patients can achieve long-term survival and have good quality of life.</p>

7.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 289-293, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611380

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of RAD18 and radiation resistance in glioblastoma multiforme(GBM)and to provide a new therapeutic target for improving the radiation resistance of GBM.Methods Human glioma A172 cells were transfected into blank and RAD18-containing plasmid vector.The cell proliferation of two groups after the same dose radiation was detected by cloning assay.The mRNA expression of RAD18 in primary and recurrent GBM samples after close proximity treatment were detected by qRT-PCR.All data were analyzed statistically.Results The proliferation of GBM cells transfected with RAD18 plasmid was higher than that of cells transfected with blank plasmid after radiation therapy(P<0.001).The expression level of RAD18 mRNA in recurrent GBM was higher than that in the untreated radioactive granules primary GBM(P<0.01).Conclusion The resistance of recurrent GBM to radiotherapy may be associated with the overexpression of RAD18 protein.

8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 556-559,573, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790679

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the main pathogenic bacteria distribution and sensitivity to antibiotics in patients post PTCD for malignant biliary obstruction ,to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of antibiotics and provide evidences for rational use of antibiotics .Methods The clinical data were collected and analyzed retrospectively from 423 PTCD cases with malignant biliary obstruction from September 2013 to October 2014 .Results Among 423 patients underwent PTCD ,101 patients were confirmed with infections .67 patients showed positive pathogenic bacteria culture .A total of 94 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected .There were 62 strains of gram negative bacteria (65 .96% ) and 32 strains of gram positive bacteria (34 .04% ) . The main pathogenic bacteria were klebsiella pneumoniae , Escherichia coli ,enterococcus faecalis and Enterobacter cloacae . Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli are the two gram negative bacteria most resistant to antibiotics .The three popular gram negative bacilli in this study had the lowest resistance to imipenem/cilastatin ,piperacillin/tazobactam and amikacin .The three main gram positive bacteria were most sensitive to daptomycin ,linezolid and vancomycin .The total effective rate of anti-biotic treatments for post PTCD infections was 88 .1% .Conclusion Our hospital had an appropriate treatment plan with antibi-otics to control the infections post percutaneous transhepatic cholangio-drainage for malignant biliary obstruction .According to the results of drug sensitivity test ,ceftriaxone had high resistance rate .The outcome with ceftriaxone treatment was unsatis-factory .Clinical pharmacists should advise doctors to reduce the usage of ceftriaxone .Glycopeptide antibiotics can be used to control methicillin-resistant staphylococcus (MRS) gram positive bacteria .

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2510-2512, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492878

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the quality of life in the postoperative patients with aortic valve replacement (AVR) and related influencing factors .Methods The changes of preoperative and postoperative survival quality in 102 cases of AVR surgery were assessed by using the SF‐36 scale ,and the Logistic regression was used to analyze the impact of age ,effective valve orifice area and prosthetic valve on the quality of life .Results Five patients died during follow‐up .The relative baseline survey after postopera‐tive 1 year showed that the quality of life of patients was significantly improved ,the Logistic regression analysis revealed that a lar‐ger effective orifice area(EOA) and biological valve replacement could have higher health scale scores ,and showed a positive corre‐lation .Conclusion The quality of life in the postoperative patients with AVR is affected by the valve type and EOA of prosthetic valve .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504828

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Induced pluripotent stem cel s have great prospects in tissue repair, due to the characteristic of self-renewal, multi-directional differentiation, no immunological rejection and ethics controversy. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cel s towards cardiomyocytes and endothelial cel s, and their applications in the cardiovascular diseases. METHODS:The first author performed a data retrieval of PubMed and CNKI databases from 2000 to 2015 to search articles addressing the differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cel s towards cardiomyocytes and endothelial cel s, and reviewed the literatures systematical y. Final y, 78 articles were chosen for further analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Induced pluripotent stem cel s can differentiate into cardiovascular cel s through a variety of methods. Factors such as cyclosporin A and ascorbic acid C may improve myocardial differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cel s, while vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor may improve the endothelial differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cel s. Cardiovascular cel s derived from induced pluripotent stem cel s can be applied to build disease models in vitro, transplantation in vivo and drug screening.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465176

ABSTRACT

Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans ( CSPGs) is one kind of proteins that covalently bind with chondroitin sulfate.CSPGs play important roles in the growth and development of the central nervous system and the pathological reaction of nervous injury.This article reviews the functional and mechanism studies of CSPGs in the repair of nerve system injury.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790514

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the use of human albumin (ALB) after hepatectomy in hepatocellular carcinoma patients in our hospital .Methods 150 hospital medical records from June 2012 to June 2013 were analyzed ,which used the human ser-um albumin during the perioperative period of hepatectomy at hepatocellular carcinoma (preoperative Child-Pugh A or B) retro-spectively ,the rationality of human blood albumin use was evaluated .Results Among the 150 medical records ,the total appli-cation amount of albumin was 11 212 .5 g (897 bottles) ,the total cost was 527 ,744 yuan ,nearly 20 percent of total drug costs ,accounting for nearly 10% of the total cost of hospitalization .By using human serum albumin after surgery ,the patients'liver function was significantly improved (P<0 .05) ,there was a positive correlation between the Child-Pugh score and dosage of human albumin (P<0 .05) .Conclusion The use of human serum albumin was rational during the perioperative period of hepatectomy in hepatocellular carcinoma patients in our hospital ,which had achieved the desired therapeutic effect .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels have the ability to differentiate into a variety of non-hematopoietic tissue cels. Effects of magnetic fields on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the effects of magnetic fields on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels towards osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, nerve cels and cardiomyocytes, which provide references for the research and application of tissue engineering seed cels as wel as the clinical applications of magnetic fields. METHODS:The first author performed a data retrieval of PubMed and CNKI databases from 2000 to 2015 to search the articles addressing the effects of magnetic fields on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels, and reviewed the literatures systematicaly. Finaly, 40 articles were chosen for further analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Magnetic fields can promote the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels towards osteoblasts, chondrocytes, nerve cels and cardiomyocytes, and inhibit the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels towards adipocytes. There are optimal frequency and intensity in the induction of magnetic fields on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels. In general, low-intensity and low-frequency magnetic fields have more obvious effects on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels. The facilitation of magnetic fields on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels is also a time-dependent behavior.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309298

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the clearance role and safety of Chinese herbal enema therapy (CHET) in clearing enterogenic uremic toxins in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients, thus providing evidence for further optimizing the comprehensive treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using nonrandomized concurrent control trial, 96 CRF inpatients of Department of Nephropathy, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, from March 2010 to December 2010 were assigned to the treatment group and the control group according to their willingness. All patients were treated with basic treatment referring to clinical plans in the non-dialysis phase, while those in the treatment group were additionally treated with CHET, once daily, 2 weeks as one therapeutic course. The symptoms, serum enterogenic uremic toxin levels [including indoxyl sulfate (IS), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and uric acid (UA)], and serum creatinine (SCr) were observed in the two groups between and after treatment. The adverse reactions were also monitored during the treatment period. The clinical efficacy and safety were also assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally 84 patients completed this clinical observation, 48 in the treatment group and 36 in the control group. The levels of SCr, BUN, and IS were obviously lower in the treatment group after treatment, showing statistical difference when compared with before treatment (P<0.01). There was no statistical difference in each index in the control group between before and after treatment (P>0.05). The post-treatment the IS level was lower in the treatment group than in the control group with statistical difference (P<0.05). Symptoms like fatigue, soreness of waist and knees, constipation and edema were partially relieved in both groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). The ratios of anorexia and nausea in patients of the treatment group was lowered after treatment (P<0.05). Besides, patients in the treatment group could defecate for more than once daily during the enema treatment period, dominated as rotten and soft feces. No severe adverse event occurred during the treatment period.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CHET combined basic treatment could lower the serum levels of enterogenic uremic toxins (IS and BUN) of CRF patients in a short period.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Creatinine , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Enema , Integrative Medicine , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Blood , Therapeutics , Urea , Blood , Uric Acid , Blood
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969324

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To establish C6 glioma model in rat brain and to study its biological behavior(such as the incidence of tumor development, the process of cell invasion pathological characteristics of C6 and neoangiogenesis, the spontaneous regression of experimental gliomas and the best experimental time window).Methods C6 tumor cells and DMEM were implanted into the right caudate of 50 male Wistar rats. 9 rats implanted DMEM is the control group. The animals were examined by MRI and pathological staining at postoperative day (POD) 3, 7, 14, 21,28, 35, and 50. Matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and CD31 immunohistochemistry staining were used to study the histopathological features of the developed tumor. Methodology, physical findings and biological behavior were also discussed. Results 45 Wistar rats survived after surgery and tolerated MRI procedures well. On POD 7, there was a focal signal at the implantation site. The C6 cells sprout to the surroundings along the nerve fiber. During the day 14~28, the tumor exhibited a marked increase in size with focal mass effect, and immunohistochemical-staining shows MMP-2 and CD31 is overexpression; C6 cells were aggregated and blood brain barrier were destroyed greatly. Most of the tumor bearing rats died within 30 days. But, C6 cells in the two rats retrogress spontaneously after more leucocytes rounded 28 days. HE staining shows tumors.Conclusion The characteristics of rat C6 brain tumor model mimicked the human tumor with respect to its development, progression, and invasion. Although, part of C6 tumor spontaneously regressed, it is a useful animal model of glioblastoma for pre-clinical evaluation of various therapeutic strategies for the management of glioblastoma. The best experimental time window is 14 to 28 days.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 222-226, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the genetic polymorphisms, which played roles in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MS), and susceptibility of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Han people in Guangdong province. Methods The subjects were selected from an epidemiologie survey in Guangdong province. Fifty to 117 adult NAFLD patients, who met the criteria of Chinese guideline for diagnosis of NAFLD and had typically clinical, biochemical signs and abdominal ultrasonography, were recruited in the study. By using 1 : 1 matched method of nested case-control study, same numbers of people without NAFLD were included as controls. The genetic analyses was performed by using genomic DNA extracted from peripheral blood. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) was applied to detect the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 9 sites in 7 candidate genes. Results Most SNPs of the genes were related to the susceptibility of NAFLD. Some of them had positive relation (increasing the risk) such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-238, adiponectin-45, leptin-2548, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) γ-161 and phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT)-175. Some had negative relation (decreasing the risk) including adiponectin-276 and hepatic lipase-514. And some had no relation (TNF-α-380 and PPAR g coactivator-1α-482). Conclusion Most cytokines' SNPs of candidate genes discovered in MS patients are related to the susceptibility of NAFLD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315709

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct antisense c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) eukaryotic fluorescent expressing vector and JNK1-/- human embryo lung fibroblasts cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Trizol reagent was used to extract total RNA in HELF. The proper primers of JNK1 were chosen and synthesized. RT-PCR and gene recombinant techniques were used to construct the fragment of JNK1. After purification, the PCR products were cut, and JNK1 were inserted reversely into eukaryotic fluorescent expressing vector pEGFP-C1. Enzyme-cutting and DNA auto-sequencing were used to prove the successful construction of JNK1 eukaryotic expressing vector. Then plasmids were extracted and transfected into HELF cells and screen by G418 24 h later. Monoclone was chosen and cultured. Fluorescent imaging and Western blot were used to identify the JNK1-/- HELF cell line.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sequence analysis of pEGFP-C1-as JNK1 plasmids was same as expected. The expression level of JNK1 was inhibited markedly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Construction of antisense JNK1 eukaryotic fluorescent expressing vectors and JNK1-/- HELF cell line is successful.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , DNA, Antisense , Genetics , Fibroblasts , Metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8 , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 375-378, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332230

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the prevalence of the hepatic lipase gene (LIPC) promoter polymorphism (at position -514) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and its relationship with the susceptibility to NAFLD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genotype of LIPC promoter was detected with PCR-RFLP in 106 patients with NAFLD. Body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), blood pressure, CHOL, HDL, LDL, TG, FPG and FINS of the patients were measured. Index of insulin resistance was determined using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) method. One hundred six healthy subjects matched for age and sex served as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequency of CC genotype and C allele in the NAFLD group were significantly higher than those in the control group (31.1% vs 26.4%, 62.7% vs 54.2%, P<0.05). Compared with TT genotype, both CC genotype and CT genotypes had higher relative risk of NAFLD (OR: 3.73, 95% CI: 1.31, 10.63; OR: 3.60, 95% CI: 1.35, 9.60). At the same time, the non-carriers of T allele in -514 had higher WHR than the T carriers (0.877+/-0.06 vs 0.848+/-0.06, t=2.072, P<0.05)). Logistic regression analysis showed that T substitution in LIPC-514 position (OR: 1.28, 95% CI 0.10-0.74) had a lower susceptibility to NAFLD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The LIPC-514C/T polymorphism is associated with WHR, and the T substitution of LIPC-514 may lower the susceptibility to NAFLD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Fatty Liver , Genetics , Genotype , Lipase , Genetics , Liver , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Waist-Hip Ratio
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343051

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between the hormesis of proliferation and oxidative stress induced by sodium arsenite (Na(2)AsO(2)) in human embryo lung fibroblasts (HELF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HELF were treated with Na(2)AsO(2) of 0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0 micromol/L for 4 hours or 24 hours, respectively. The cell proliferation, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, the malondialdehyde (MDA) content and the activity of glutathione peroxide (GSH-Px) and the superoxide dismutase (SOD) in HELF were detected respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HELF proliferation induced by 0.1 and 0.5 micromol/L Na(2)AsO(2) was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01). The HELF proliferation induced by 5.0 and 10.0 micromol/L Na(2)AsO(2) was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.01) with the dose-effect relation of an inverted U curve. The ROS level induced by Na(2)AsO(2) of between 0.5 and 10.0 micromol/L was significantly increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The positive correlation was found between the ROS level and the exposure dose of Na(2)AsO(2) (r = 0.934, P < 0.01). The 5.0 and 10.0 micromol/L Na(2)AsO(2) induced the significant increase of the MDA contents (P < 0.01) and the significant decrease of the GSH-Px activity compared to those in the control group (P < 0.01). The SOD activity in 0.5 micromol/L Na(2)AsO(2) group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01) while the SOD activity induced by 5.0 and 10.0 micromol/L Na(2)AsO(2) was significantly decreased (P < 0.01) if compared with the control group with the dose-effect relation of an inverted U curve.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The sodium arsenite can induce the hormesis of proliferation in HELF with the dose-effect relation of an inverted U curve. The mechanisms probably relates to different levels of oxidative stress induced by sodium arsenite of different concentrations.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Arsenites , Toxicity , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , Lung , Cell Biology , Embryology , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Sodium Compounds , Toxicity , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282304

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of JWA gene in benzo (a) pyrene [B (a) P] induced DNA damage and repair effects in HeLa cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The antisense JWA express vector (pEGFP-C1-asJWA) was constructed and stably transfected into HeLa cells. JWA deficient HeLa cells (asJWA-HeLa) was then screened and established. The general characteristics of asJWA-HeLa cells were investigated. DNA damage and repair cell culture model was conducted by treating the cells with 50 micromol/L B (a) P plus S9 for 3 hours and then the cells were maintained further 0, 1, 3, and 24 hours for DNA repairing. The damaged DNA was detected by single cell gel electrophoresis assay (comet assay).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>JWA deficient HeLa cells (with a 31% of JWA protein expression as compared with the control) were obtained successfully. Compared with the empty vector transfected cells (C1-HeLa) and the untransfected HeLa cells, asJWA-HeLa cells were more sensitive to B (a) P exposure and with a delayed DNA repair process.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The JWA determined might function as a potential effective environmental responsive gene and actively participate the process of B (a) P exposure associated with intracellular signal pathways of DNA damage and repair.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Benzo(a)pyrene , Toxicity , DNA Damage , DNA Repair , DNA-Formamidopyrimidine Glycosylase , Genetics , Gene Expression , HeLa Cells , Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics
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