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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013248

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL). Methods: A retrospective cohort study.Clinical data, treatment and prognosis of 28 cases of IALL who have been treated at Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University and Baoding Children's Hospital from October 2013 to May 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Based on the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), all patients were divided into KMT2A gene rearrangement (KMT2A-R) positive group and KMT2A-R negative group. The prognosis of two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-Rank test were used to analyze the survival of the patients. Results: Among 28 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 18 females, with the onset age of 10.9 (9.4,11.8) months. In terms of immune classification, 25 cases were B-ALL (89%), while the remaining 3 cases were T-ALL (11%). Most infant B-ALL showed pro-B lymphocyte phenotype (16/25,64%). A total of 22 cases (79%) obtained chromosome karyotype results, of which 7 were normal karyotypes, no complex karyotypes and 15 were abnormal karyotypes were found. Among abnormal karyotypes, there were 4 cases of t (9; 11), 2 cases of t (4; 11), 2 cases of t (11; 19), 1 case of t (1; 11) and 6 cases of other abnormal karyotypes. A total of 19 cases (68%) were positive for KMT2A-R detected by FISH. The KMT2A fusion gene was detected by real-time PCR in 16 cases (57%). A total of 24 patients completed standardized induction chemotherapy and were able to undergo efficacy evaluation, 23 cases (96%) achieved complete remission through induction chemotherapy, 4 cases (17%) died of relapse. The 5-year event free survival rate (EFS) was (46±13)%, and the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was (73±10)%.The survival time was 31.3 (3.3, 62.5) months. There was no significant statistical difference in 5-year EFS ((46±14)% vs. (61±18)%) and 5-year OS ((64±13)% vs. (86±13)%) between the KMT2A-R positive group (15 cases) and the KMT2A-R negative group (9 cases) (χ2=1.88, 1.47, P=0.170, 0.224). Conclusions: Most IALL patients were accompanied by KMT2A-R. They had poor tolerance to traditional chemotherapy, the relapse rate during treatment was high and the prognosis was poor.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Abnormal Karyotype , Recurrence
2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 670-676, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993490

ABSTRACT

Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) are benign bone tumors characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance, which can cause skeletal malformation in adolescents, seriously affecting the body's aesthetic and motor functions. Currently, there are no guidelines for diagnosing and treating HME, and the main treatment is surgical treatment to remove the tumor and correct the deformity. However, osteochondroma is multiple and difficult to be completely resected. Therefore, more and more scholars are exploring the method of conservative treatment. However, the current understanding of the pathogenesis of HME is limited, and there are no safe and effective drugs in the clinic. Most hypotheses regarding the pathogenesis of HME are based on genetic mutations. Patients with HME may have EXT tumor suppressor gene mutations and function loss caused by secondary mutations such as loss of gene heterozygosity, which ultimately induce abnormal proliferation and differentiation of cartilage in growth plates. Abnormal EXT gene expression causes a decrease in the level of heparan sulphate (HS), leading to abnormalities in multiple molecular pathways that regulate the development and differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes, which together participate in the entire process of HME development and progression. This paper reviews the relevant studies on the pathogenesis of HME in recent years, in order to better understand the pathological process of HME, provide a theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of HME, and also provide ideas for the development of drugs targeting HME.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 76-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the standard deviation of red blood cell distribution width (RDW-SD), neutrophil/lymphocyte value (NLR), fibrinogen (FIB) and the prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) patients and their predictive value.Methods:In this study, a retrospective study method was used to select 120 patients with MM who were initially diagnosed in the department of hematology of the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from January 2017 to October 2019. The follow-up time was 24 months, including 62 patients who survived (survival group) and 58 patients who died (death group). The RDW-SD, NLR and FIB values of the two groups were compared, and the value of the three indicators in predicting the follow-up outcome of MM patients was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors affecting the prognosis of MM patients.Results:Among 120 newly treated MM patients, the RDW-SD, NLR and FIB of the survival group were significantly lower than those of the death group (all P<0.05); The sensitivity, specificity and area under ROC curve (AUC) of RDW-SD+ NLR+ FIB in predicting adverse outcomes of MM patients were 88.96%, 84.50% and 0.919 respectively. Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that ≥60 years old, International Staging System (ISS) Ⅲ, β2-microglobulin (β2-MG)≥3 500 ng/ml, increased RDW-SD, NLR, and FIB will increase the risk of poor prognosis in MM patients (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The RDW-SD, NLR and FIB have a close relationship with the poor prognosis of newly treated MM patients, and the combined application has certain value in predicting the prognosis of patients.

4.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 126-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990490

ABSTRACT

Community-acquired pneumonia(CAP) is one of the leading causes of death in children under 5 years of age.Early identification and clarification of its severity and appropriate therapeutic measures can improve survival, but there are limitations in the existing laboratory indices applied to diagnose CAP.Therefore, it is still necessary to find new and highly specific biomarkers that can identify the etiology and predict the severity of the disease before it worsens in children, and provides a basis for more effective therapeutic measures.Metabolomics provides a new way to search for biomarkers and pathogenesis through qualitative and quantitative analysis of metabolite changes in biological samples.This review summarized the latest research progress on metabolomics in childhood CAP, hoping to provide ideas for the early diagnosis and treatment of childhood CAP.

5.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 115-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of necrotizing pneumonia(NP)in children, so as to improve the understanding of NP.Methods:Children with NP admitted to the Children′s Medical Center of Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital from December 2012 to June 2020 were selected and divided into respiratory support group(nine cases) and non-respiratory support group(27 cases) according to whether they received respiratory support; and they were also divided into pleural effusion group(28 cases) and non-pleural effusion group(eight cases) according to whether combined with pleural effusion.The clinical data of all children were collected, and the differences between different groups were compared.Results:There were thirty-six children with NP, included 14 boys and 22 girls, with a median age of 30(12, 49) months, and the disease duration was 34(25, 42)days.All children had cough, 34 cases had fever, and the fever peak was 39.5(39.1, 40.0) ℃.Laboratory tests(all peaks) showed that blood white blood cell count was 20.77(15.65, 28.35)×10 9/L, neutrophil count was 15.11(8.52, 20.65)×10 9/L, C-reactive protein(CRP) was 104.00(23.45, 146.50)mg/L, D-dimer was 5.12(1.88, 8.04)mg/L, and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) was 347.95(284.68, 447.81)U/L.The detection rate of pathogens was 58.33%(21/36), and the most common was Staphylococcus aureus(28.57%, 6/21). Eight cases underwent surgical treatment, including five cases of thoracoscopic surgery and three cases of thoracotomy.All patients improved and were discharged from hospital.The differences in hospital stay, white blood cell count, CRP, procalcitonin and LDH levels between respiratory support group and non-respiratory support group were statistically significant, and the median age, white blood cell count, CRP, D-dimer and LDH between pleural effusion group and non-pleural effusion group were statistically significant(all P<0.05). Further multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that LDH was a risk factor for NP children receiving respiratory support( P<0.05), the area under the ROC curve of LDH was 0.802, whose the cut-off value was 471.21 U/L.There were no statistically significant differences in the indexes between effusion group and non-pleural effusion group. Conclusion:Children with NP are prone to repeated high fever, high inflammatory markers, and a long course of disease.Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen.Serum LDH≥471.21 U/L is an early independent predictor of respiratory support for NP.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 737-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the detection rate, clinical significance, and prognosis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 1100 patients who underwent the CSF virus test after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Peking University People's Hospital between January 2017 and June 2022. Among them, 19 patients were screened positive for EBV in their CSF, and their clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis were analyzed. Results: Among 19 patients with EBV-positive cerebrospinal fluid, 12 were male and 7 were female, with 5 patients aged <18 years and 12 aged ≥18 years, with a median age of 27 (5-58) years old. There were 7 cases of acute myeloid leukemia, 8 of acute lymphocytic leukemia, 2 of aplastic anemia, 1 of Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 1 of hemophagocytic syndrome. All 19 patients underwent haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, including 1 secondary transplant. Nineteen patients had neurological symptoms (headache, dizziness, convulsions, or seizures), of which 13 had fever. Ten cases showed no abnormalities in cranial imaging examination. Among the 19 patients, 6 were diagnosed with EB virus-related central nervous system diseases, with a median diagnosis time of 50 (22-363) days after transplantation. In 9 (47.3%) patients, EBV was detected in their peripheral blood, and they were treated with intravenous infusion of rituximab (including two patients who underwent lumbar puncture and intrathecal injection of rituximab). After treatment, EBV was not detected in seven patients. Among the 19 patients, 2 died from EBV infection and 2 from other causes. Conclusion: In patients who exhibited central nervous system symptoms after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, EBV should be screened as a potential pathogen. EBV detected in the CSF may indicate an infection; however, it does not confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/drug therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 852-858, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010996

ABSTRACT

We reported the discovery of six novel coumarins, toddasirins A-F (1-6), each endowed with modified isoprenyl or geranyl side chains, derived from the roots of Toddalia asiatica. Comprehensive structural elucidation was achieved through multispectroscopic analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments, and advanced quantum mechanical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory activity of these compounds was assessed. Notably, compounds 1-3 and 6 demonstrated notable inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells, with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 3.22, 4.78, 8.90, and 4.31 μmol·L-1, respectively.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Coumarins/chemistry , Rutaceae/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Nitric Oxide , Molecular Structure
8.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 496-508, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This work explores the impact of electroacupuncture (EA) on acute postoperative pain (APP) and the role of stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon (STING/IFN-1) signaling pathway modulation in the analgesic effect of EA in APP rats.@*METHODS@#The APP rat model was initiated through abdominal surgery and the animals received two 30 min sessions of EA at bilateral ST36 (Zusanli) and SP6 (Sanyinjiao) acupoints. Mechanical, thermal and cold sensitivity tests were performed to measure the pain threshold, and electroencephalograms were recorded in the primary somatosensory cortex to identify the effects of EA treatment on APP. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to examine the expression and distribution of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway as well as neuroinflammation. A STING inhibitor (C-176) was administered intrathecally to verify its role in EA.@*RESULTS@#APP rats displayed mechanical and thermal hypersensitivities compared to the control group (P < 0.05). APP significantly reduced the amplitude of θ, α and γ oscillations compared to their baseline values (P < 0.05). Interestingly, expression levels of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway were downregulated after inducing APP (P < 0.05). Further, APP increased pro-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and inducible nitric oxide synthase, and downregulated anti-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-10 and arginase-1 (P < 0.05). EA effectively attenuated APP-induced painful hypersensitivities (P < 0.05) and restored the θ, α and γ power in APP rats (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, EA distinctly activated the STING/IFN-1 pathway and mitigated the neuroinflammatory response (P < 0.05). Furthermore, STING/IFN-1 was predominantly expressed in isolectin-B4- or calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-labeled dorsal root ganglion neurons and superficial laminae of the spinal dorsal horn. Inhibition of the STING/IFN-1 pathway by intrathecal injection of C-176 weakened the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of EA on APP (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA can generate robust analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects on APP, and these effects may be linked to activating the STING/IFN-1 pathway, suggesting that STING/IFN-1 may be a target for relieving APP. Please cite this article as: Ding YY, Xu F, Wang YF, Han LL, Huang SQ, Zhao S, Ma LL, Zhang TH, Zhao WJ, Chen XD. Electroacupuncture alleviates postoperative pain through inhibiting neuroinflammation via stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon pathway. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 496-508.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Electroacupuncture , Pain, Postoperative , Interferons
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 183-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970513

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the anti-depression mechanism of Zuojin Pills based on the plasma constituents, network pharmacology, and experimental verification. UHPLC-TOF-MS was used for qualitative analysis of Zuojin Pills-containing serum. Targets of the plasma constituents and the disease were retrieved from PharmMapper and GeneCards. Then the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed and core targets were screened for GO term enrichment and KEGG pathway enrichment. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was employed construct the "compound-target-pathway" network and the targets and signaling pathways of Zuojin Pills against depression were predicted. CUMS-induced depression mouse model was established to verify the key targets. The results showed that a total of 21 constituents migrating to blood of Zuojin Pills were identified, which were mainly alkaloids. A total of 155 common targets of the constituents and the disease and 67 core targets were screened out. KEGG enrichment and PPI network analysis showed that Zuojin Pills may play a role in the treatment of depression through AMPK/SIRT1, NLRP3, insulin and other targets and pathways. Furthermore, the results of animal experiments showed that Zuojin Pills could significantly improve the depression behaviors of depression, reduce the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in hippocampus and serum, activate AMPK/SIRT1 signaling, and reduce the protein expression of NLRP3. In conclusion, Zuojin Pills may play a role in the treatment of depression by activating AMPK/SIRT1 signaling pathway, and inhibiting NLRP3 activation and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus of mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Network Pharmacology , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Sirtuin 1 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 336-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970470

ABSTRACT

As a biocatalyst, enzyme has the advantages of high catalytic efficiency, strong reaction selectivity, specific target products, mild reaction conditions, and environmental friendliness, and serves as an important tool for the synthesis of complex organic molecules. With the continuous development of gene sequencing technology, molecular biology, genetic manipulation, and other technologies, the diversity of enzymes increases steadily and the reactions that can be catalyzed are also gradually diversified. In the process of enzyme-catalyzed synthesis, the majority of common enzymatic reactions can be achieved by single enzyme catalysis, while many complex reactions often require the participation of two or more enzymes. Therefore, the combination of multiple enzymes together to construct the multi-enzyme cascade reactions has become a research hotspot in the field of biochemistry. Nowadays, the biosynthetic pathways of more natural products with complex structures have been clarified, and secondary metabolic enzymes with novel catalytic activities have been identified, discovered, and combined in enzymatic synthesis of natural/unnatural molecules with diverse structures. This study summarized a series of examples of multi-enzyme-catalyzed cascades and highlighted the application of cascade catalysis methods in the synthesis of carbohydrates, nucleosides, flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids, and chiral molecules. Furthermore, the existing problems and solutions of multi-enzyme-catalyzed cascade method were discussed, and the future development direction was prospected.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/chemistry , Catalysis , Alkaloids , Biocatalysis
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 647-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy on cervical spondylosis of nerve root type with qi stagnation and blood stasis treated with warming needle with different lengths of moxa stick.@*METHODS@#Six hundred patients with cervical spondylosis of nerve root type with qi stagnation and blood stasis were randomly divided into 4 groups: a 4 cm length group (150 cases, 5 cases dropped off, 2 cases suspended), a 3 cm length group (150 cases, 6 cases dropped off, 2 cases suspended), a 2 cm length group (150 cases, 6 cases dropped off), and a routine acupuncture group (150 cases, 6 cases dropped off). Warming needle with moxa stick in the length of 4 cm, 3 cm and 2 cm was delivered in the 4 cm length group, the 3 cm length group and the 2 cm length group, respectively. In the routine acupuncture group, simple acupuncture was applied. The acupoints selected in the above groups included Dazhui (GV 14) and bilateral Jiaji (EX-B 2) of C5 and C7, Fengchi (GB 20), Jianzhen (SI 9), Quchi (LI 11), Zhongzhu (TE 3), etc. In each group, the intervention was delivered once daily and 5 times a week. One course of intervention was composed of 2 weeks and 2 courses were required. The TCM syndrome score, the score of clinical assessment scale for cervical spondylosis (CASCS), the score of the brachial plexus traction test of the affected upper limb, F wave occurrence rate and conduction velocity of the ulnar nerve, the median nerve and the radial nerve of the affected upper limb were compared before and after treatment in the patients of each group. The levels of serum inflammatory factors, i.e. interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), were measured before and after treatment in the patients of each group. The clinical cfficacy was evaluated in the 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the results of TCM syndrome evaluation, i.e. the scores of neck pain, activity limitation and upper limb numbness and pain, as well as the total scores; and the scores of brachial plexus traction test were reduced when compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The scores of subjective symptoms and adaptability, and the total scores of CASCS were elevated in comparison with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01, P<0.05). In the 4 cm length group, compared with the other 3 groups, the scores of neck pain and activity limitation for TCM syndrome evaluation, and its total score were lower (P<0.05, P<0.01); and the scores of subjective symptoms and adaptability, and the total score of CASCS were higher (P<0.05, P<0.01). The score of the brachial plexus traction test in the 4 cm length group was lower than that of the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05). After treatment, F wave occurrence rates and conduction velocity of median nerve and radial nerve were increased when compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.05, P<0.01). F wave occurrence rate and conduction velocity of the radial nerve in the 4 cm length group were higher than those of the other 3 groups (P<0.05), and those of the median nerve were higher when compared with the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were all reduced when compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01, P<0.05); the level of serum IL-6 in the 4 cm length group was lower than those of the other 3 groups and serum level of TNF-α was lower compared with that in the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the 4 cm length group was 78.3% (112/143), which was higher when compared with the 3 cm length group (67.6%, 96/142), the 2 cm length group (65.3%, 94/144) and the routine acupuncture group (53.5%, 77/144), respectively (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Warming needle with moxa stick of 4 cm in length effectively relieves the clinical symptoms of cervical spondylosis of nerve root type with qi stagnation and blood stasis, improves the nerve function of the upper limbs, and reduces the inflammatory responses caused by nerve compression. The clinical efficacy of this therapy with moxa stick of 4 cm in length is superior to the warming needle with moxa sticks of 3 cm and 2 cm, as well as the routine acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-6 , Neck Pain , Qi , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Spondylosis/therapy
12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in the treatment of locally advanced olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB), and to explore the factors related to the efficacy of NACT. Methods: A total of 25 patients with ONB who underwent NACT in Beijing TongRen Hospital from April 2017 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 males and 9 females, with an average age of 44.9 years (ranged 26-72 years). There were 22 cases of Kadish stage C and 3 cases of stage D. After multiple disciplinary team(MDT) discussion, all patients were treated sequentially with NACT-surgery-radiotherapy. Among them, 17 cases were treated with taxol, cis-platinum and etoposide (TEP), 4 cases with taxol, nedaplatin and ifosfamide (TPI), 3 cases with TP, while 1 case with EP. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and survival analyses were calculated based on the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The overall response rate of NACT was 32% (8/25). Subsequently, 21 patients underwent extended endoscopic surgery and 4 patients underwent combined cranial-nasal approach. Three patients with stage D disease underwent cervical lymph node dissection. All patients received postoperative radiotherapy. The mean follow-up time was 44.2 months (ranged 6-67 months). The 5-year overall survival rate was 100.0%, and the 5-year disease-free survival rates was 94.4%. Before NACT, Ki-67 index was 60% (50%, 90%), while Ki-67 index was 20% (3%, 30%) after chemotherapy [M (Q1, Q3)]. The change of Ki-67 before and after NACT was statistically significant (Z=-24.24, P<0.05). The effects of age, gender, history of surgery, Hyams grade, Ki-67 index and chemotherapy regimen to NACT were analyzed. Ki-67 index≥25% and high Hyams grade were related to the efficacy of NACT (all P<0.05). Conclusions: NACT could reduce Ki-67 index in ONBs. High Ki-67 index and Hyams grade are clinical indicators sensitive to the efficacy of NACT. NACT-surgery-radiotherapy is effective for patients with locally advanced ONB.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory/etiology , Ki-67 Antigen , Paclitaxel , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Nasal Cavity , Nose Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1178-1181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985577

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop a method that can continuously monitor duration of students outdoor activities for a long time, so as to provide data support for the relationship between outdoor activity duration and students health.@*Methods@#From April 28 to July 6, 2022, 1 168 students from a primary school in Shenzhen were selected. Fixed cameras were placed on the top of school classrooms, corridors and critical paths were used to identify student data and duration in the picture. And AI, cloud computing and other methods were used to measure students-non-classroom time instead of outdoor activity time in school.@*Results@#The average length of time spend on outdoor activities in school of the 24 pilot classes were 67.6-113.0 min, and showed a downward trend by grade ( F =42.74, P <0.05). The duration of outdoor activities among students was negatively correlated with the detection rate of myopia and overweight( r =-0.74, -0.45, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The data on outdoor activity time calculated by AI image recognition is basically in line with the reality. Monitoring students outdoor activity time at school through AI image recognition is feasible and popularized.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1377-1380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935017

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the clinical effect of ranibizumab combined with 577nm micropulse laser in the treatment of severe diabetic macular edema(DME). METHODS:There were 52 eyes of 52 patients diagnosed with severe DME who admitted to the People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from June 2016 to September 2019. The patients were randomly divided into the observation group(26 patients with 26 eyes, treated with ranibizumab combined with 577nm micropulse laser)and the control group(26 patients with 26 eyes, treated with ranibizumab alone). Patients in both groups received intravitreal injection of ranibizumab with “3+PRN” regimen. Followed up at 9mo after treatment to observe the central macular thickness(CMT), the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and the times of intravitreal injection of ranibizumab in the two groups.RESULTS:Compared with before treatment, the CMT and BCVA of the two groups were significantly improved at each time point after treatment(all P<0.001), but there was no difference between the two groups(P>0.05). During the follow-up period, the times of vitreous injection of ranibizumabin the observation group was significantly less than that in the control group(5.88±1.24 times vs 7.12±1.24 times, P=0.001). CONCLUSION:Both ranibizumab combined with 577nm micropulse laser and ranibizumab alone are effective in reducing edema and improving vision in patients with severe DME, but the combination therapy reduces the times of injection.

15.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 968-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP) complicated with pleural effusion, and explore the effect of mixed adenovirus infection on children with MPP complicated with pleural effusion.Methods:The clinical data of children with MPP complicated with pleural effusion diagnosed in Children′s Medical Center at the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University (Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital) from January 2013 to December 2019 were collected.MPP cases were divided into single infection group and mixed infection group according to whether mixing adenovirus infection.The clinical characteristics were compared between two groups.Results:A total of 180 children with MPP complicated with pleural effusion were included, the male to female ratio was 1.22∶1 (99/81), the age was 66.13 (44.35, 83.98) months, and the most common cases were children over 5 years old (55.56%). The length of hospitalization was 9.00 (7.00, 12.00) days.Fever (93.33%) and cough (98.33%) were the most common clinical manifestations, and mild increases in C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and D-dimer were the most common laboratory results.Among included children, right pleural effusion was the most common (54.44%), bilateral pleural effusion accounted for 26.67%, and left pleural effusion accounted for 18.89%.Compared with single infection group, the mixed infection group had a longer hospital stay, a higher proportion of oxygen intake, a higher proportion of gamma globulin use, and a higher value of lactate dehydrogenase and aspartate aminotransferase.The results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that compared with single infection group, although the mixed infection group had a higher proportion of gamma globulin use (36.54% vs.10.93%, P<0.05), the length of hospital stay, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, chest CT and fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed no statistically significant difference between two groups. Conclusion:MPP complicated with pleural effusion is more common in children over 5 years old, especially in the right side.Mild increases of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and D-dimer are more common.The clinical features of MPP complicated with pleural effusion are similar between mixed adenovirus infection group and single infection group.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 62-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906731

ABSTRACT

@#Netrin-1 is a neuronal axon guidance factor, a soluble protein secreted by the cell floor, and is among the most widely studied members of the Netrins family.Netrin-1 has the diversity of receptors, and its binding to different receptors can activate different biological effects, resulting in multiple functions. Recent studies have revealed that Netrin-1 is closely associated with neural axon guidance, inflammatory responses, neovascularization, apoptosis, and other responses. It can act not only in the central nervous system, but also in many systemic diseases such as those of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, making it an important target for the treatment of these diseases. In the field of ophthalmology, Netrin-1 is closely associated with optic nerve hypoplasia(ONH), corneal disease, diabetic retinopathy(DR), age-related macular degeneration(ARMD), and retinoblastoma(RB), and has very promising applications in the prevention and treatment of these diseases. In this review, we will explore the association of Netrin-1 with ocular diseases and its role.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1501-1503, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954781

ABSTRACT

A case of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University in March 6, 2022 was reported.The proband was a 14-year-old boy, who was admitted to the hospital because of " fever, headache and vomiting for 2 days" . Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) was consequently conducted to examine the pathogens in cerebrospinal fluid.Naegleria infection was detected, so the child was diagnosed with PAM.The disease developed rapidly, and the patient died 29 hours after admission.In the paper, a total of 13 studies were reviewed, and 15 children with PAM were reported.Of the reported cases, only 1 case survived, 14 cases died.PAM had a low incidence, a dangerous condition, and high mortality.Most cases were diagnosed by autopsy or pathogen diagnosis in cerebrospinal fluid.This case is confirmed by mNGS of pathogens, and it is rarely reported at home and abroad.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1104-1106, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical and gene mutation characteristics of a child with Cowden syndrome and review the literature.Methods:The clinical data of a child with Cowden syndrome treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University in June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.Taking " Cowden syndrome" , " PTEN gene" , " hamartoma polyps" , "child" , " Cowden syndrome and child" and " PTEN and child" as key words, literature was retrieved from Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Internet database and Wanfang database) and the PubMed database from the establishment of the database to March 2021. Results:A 13-year-old male had intermittent abdominal pain and abdominal distension for 5 months.Electron microscopic gastroenteroscopy showed multiple polyps, and focal lymphocyte aggregation and infiltration were found in tissue biopsy.Whole exon sequencing revealed a hemizygous mutation of c. 475 (exon5) A>T in PTEN gene, which led to the transformation of the 159 th amino acid from arginine to tryptophan.The prediction results of the tertiary structure of the protein indicated that the variation might affect the spatial structure of the protein and damage the protein function.According to the clinical characteristics, Cowden syndrome was diagnosed.The pedigree confirmed that the variation was inherited from the mother, who had a similar phenotype.No qualified Chinese report was retrieved.Among 41 English studies on PTEN gene mutation in children, there were only two reports related to pediatric Cowden syndrome.The hemizygous mutation of PTEN gene was not reported. Conclusions:The missense mutation of c. 475 (exon5) A>T in PTEN gene in this study is a novel cause of Cowden syndrome, and the case is the first case report in China.

19.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 544-546, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of daratumumab in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:The clinical data of 19 MM patients treated with daratumumab alone or in combination with chemotherapy regimens from June 2021 to December 2021 in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College were retrospectively analyzed, of which 2 patients received daratumumab alone, 6 cases received daratumumab combined with lenalidomide+dexamethasone (DRD) regimen, 1 case received daratumumab combined with liposomal doxorubicin+dexamethasone (DVD) regimen, 2 case received daratumumab combined with dexamethasone+cyclophosphamide+etoposide+cisplatin (DECP) regimen, 3 cases received daratumumab combined with isazomib+dexamethasone (ID) regimen, 2 cases received daratumumab combined with bortezomib+dexamethasone (BD) regimen, and 3 cases received daratumumab combined with dexamethasone (DD) regimen. The efficacy and incidence of adverse effects were analyzed.Results:Among the 19 patients, 8 had complete remission (CR), 1 had very good partial remission (VGPR), 5 had partial remission (PR), 1 had stable disease (SD), and 4 had progressive disease (PD). The overall response rate (ORR) was 73.7% (14/19). The median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 10.42 months (95% CI 8.04-12.79 months) and the median overall survival (OS) time was 52.06 months (95% CI 37.85-66.27 months). The main adverse reactions during treatment were grade 3 neutropenia in 3 cases, grade 3 lymphopenia in 3 cases, grade 2 anemia in 5 cases, grade 2 nausea and vomiting in 7 cases, and infusion-related adverse reactions in 7 cases. Conclusions:Daratumumab-based chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of MM patients can achieve great efficacy with good safety and tolerability.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 143-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics, clinical manifestations and gene mutation types of Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLs), and to improve the understanding of the disease.Methods:Clinical data and gene test results of a pediatric case of CdLs diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University in August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.Results:A female patient with 2 years and 8 months old presented a special appearance with a low and flat nose, a wide eye distance, audition ears, a downward inclination of the mouth corner, a high arch of the jaw and a small jaw deformity, who had recurrent seizures, speech and mental retardation.The result of gene test showed the mutation of SMC1A gene c. 2923C > T, and thus the patient was diagnosed as type 2 CdLs. Conclusions:CdLs is a rare genetic metabolic disease with special facial features and physical signs.There is only one case of CdLs with gene mutation of SMC1A in China through literature review.The mutation of SMC1A gene c. 2923C>T in CdLs cases has not been reported at home and abroad, which expands the variation spectrum of the SMC1A gene.

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