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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 144-147, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016433

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the serum levels of thyroid function and hs-CRP expression in patients with syphilis and their relationship with coagulation function. Methods A total of 80 syphilis patients admitted to Bazhong Central Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were selected as the study subjects and set as the observation group. In addition, 80 healthy individuals were selected as the control group, and 80 psoriasis patients were selected as the disease control group. Thyroid function, hs-CRP and coagulation function among different groups were compared. The correlation between thyroid function, hs-CRP, and coagulation function in patients with syphilis was analyzed, and the effectiveness of these parameters in predicting syphilis was analyzed. Results The values of FT3, FT4, TSH and hs-CRP in the observation group were higher than those in the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of thyroid function and hs-CRP level in the observation group were higher than those in the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). PT, APTT, and TT of the observation group were higher than those of the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). The abnormal rate of coagulation function in the observation group was higher than that in the control group and the disease control group (P<0.05). The levels of FT3, FT4, TSH, hs-CRP, PT, APTT, and TT in the first stage were lower than those in the second and third stages, while these parameters in the secondary stage were lower than those in the third stage (P<0.05). The severity of syphilis was positively correlated with FT3, FT4, hs-CRP, APTT, and TT (P<0.05). Among these indicators, TT was more effective in the diagnosis of syphilis. Conclusion Syphilis patients have hyperthyroidism, accompanied by coagulation dysfunction and abnormal increase in hs-CRP, which are all related to the condition of syphilis patients. The combined prediction of syphilis patients has high effectiveness.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 322-325, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012897

ABSTRACT

Medicine is the subject of studying human and its inherent humanistic attribute endows medicine with the temperature it deserves. However, with the continuous improvement of medical testing technology and treatment technology, medical workers pay more attention to diseases and ignore humanistic care, which has become an important factor in the aggravation of patients’ burden and the tension relationship between doctors and patients. There are many virtues in Chinese traditional culture. Sun Simiao’s medical ethics thought of "great doctor with professionalism and sincerity" embodies the core value of the humanistic spirit of Chinese traditional medicine. In his medical ethics thought, the moral and ethics of "great doctor with professionalism and sincerity", the medical practice attitude of "being cautious and diligent", the values of "benevolence for the world" and the professional conduct of "honesty and truth" still have strong practical significance at present. It is the good material to cultivate the humanistic spirit of medical students. This is of great value to integrate Sun Simiao’s medical ethics thought into cultivate medical students with both "professionalism" and "sincerity", practice the original intention of medical and health undertakings, and carry forward cultural self-confidence.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1119-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985642

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of revaccination of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in elderly people aged ≥60 years. Methods: The elderly aged ≥60 years with 1 dose of PPV23 vaccination were selected as revaccination group and those without history of pneumococcal vaccine immunization were selected as the first vaccination group. One dose of PPV23 was administered to both groups, and the first blood samples were collected before vaccination while the second blood samples were collected on day 28-40 after vaccination. ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of anti-specific serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae podocyte polysaccharide immunoglobulin G, and the safety of the vaccination was evaluated after 30 days. Results: The geometric mean concentration (GMC) of antibody to 23 serotypes before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) was higher in revaccination group than in the first vaccination group (0.39-7.53 μg/ml), the GMC after the vaccination (1.42-31.65 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) in the revaccination group, and the GMC after the vaccination (1.62-43.76 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.39-7.53 μg/ml) in the first vaccination group; the geometric mean growth multiple in revaccination group (2.16-3.60) was lower than that in the first vaccination group (3.86-16.13); The mean 2-fold antibody growth rate was lower in revaccination group (53.68%, 95%CI: 52.30%-55.06%) than in the first vaccination group (93.16%, 95%CI: 92.18%- 94.15%), all differences were significant (P<0.001). After the vaccination, 13 serotypes of GMC were higher in the first vaccination group than in revaccination group (P<0.001), the differences were not significant for 10 serotypes of GMC (P>0.05). The incidence of local adverse reaction was 19.20% and 13.27% in revaccination group and the first vaccination group, respectively (P=0.174). Conclusions: The antibody level in ≥60 years people who received one dose of PPV23 after a 5-year interval was still higher than that in unvaccinated people. The antibody level decreased after 5 years of the first vaccination, and the antibody level could be rapidly increased by one more dose vaccination, but the overall immune response was lower than that of the first vaccination; revaccination with PPV23 has a good safety.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 843-849, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the RHD genotype of a blood donor with Del phenotype in Yunnan.@*METHODS@#Rh serological phenotype was identified. RHD gene was detected by PCR-SSP typing, and its 10 exons were sequenced. Exon 9 was amplified for sequencing and analysis. RHD zygosity was detected.@*RESULTS@#The Rh phenotype of this specimen was CcDelee. Genomic DNA exhibited a 1 003 bp deletion spanning from intron 8, across exon 9 into intron 9. The deletion breakpoints occurred between two 7-bp short tandem repeat sequences. There was no variation in the sequences of the remaining exons. The Rh hybridization box test showed that there was one RHD negative allele.@*CONCLUSION@#This specimen is Del type caused by deletion of RHD exon 9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics , China , Phenotype , Exons , Genotype , Alleles
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 324-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of propofol used for painless gastroscopy and colonoscopy on psychomotility recovery.@*METHODS@#One hundred adult patients undergoing painless gastroscopy and colonoscopy were recruited, aged 18-72 years, with American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status Ⅰ-Ⅱ. According to age, the patients were divided into youth group (20-39 years old, 27 cases), middle age group (40-54 years old, 37 cases), and elder group (55-64 years old, 36 cases). Propofol was continuously infused according to the patients' condition to mantain the bispectal index (BIS) score 55-64. All the patients received psychomotility assesment 30 min before the operations when the discharge criteria were met including number cancellation test, number connection test and board test. The heart rate, blood pressure, saturation of pulse oximetry, electrocardiograph and BIS were monitored during the operation. The operating time, recovery time, total volume of propofol and discharge time were recorded. If the results obtained were inferior to those before operation, a third assessment was taken 30 minutes later until the results recovered or being superior to the baseline levels.@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed the first and second assessments, and 25 patients had taken the third assessment. There was no statistically significant difference in the results of psychomotility assessment when the patients met the discharge standard. Furthermore, the results were analyzed by grouping with age, and there was no statistical difference in the test results of the youth and middle age groups compared with the preoperative group, among which, the efficiency of the number cancellation test was significantly better than that before operation in the youth group (P < 0.05). However, in the elderly patients the number cancellation efficiency, number connection test and board test were significantly inferior to that before operation (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the accuracy of number cancellation compared with that before operation. The patients who needed the third test in the elder group were significantly more than in the other groups (P < 0.05). Compared with the preoperative results, there was no statistical difference in the test results of those who completed the third test.@*CONCLUSION@#The psychomotility function of the patients who underwent painless gastroscopy and colonoscopy was recovered when they met discharge criteria. The elderly patients had a prolonged recovery period.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Humans , Young Adult , Propofol , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Gastroscopy/methods , Conscious Sedation/methods , Colonoscopy/methods
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 99-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors combined with concurrent chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the effect of this regimen on serum levels of tumor marker and immune cells of patients.Methods:The clinical data of 60 NSCLC patients in Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from February 2020 to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into chemotherapy combined with immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment group (combination treatment group) and conventional chemotherapy group by treatment methods, with 30 cases in each group. Before treatment and 6 weeks after treatment, the patients' serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen 21-1 (CYFRA21-1) were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay, and the levels of serum tumorous M2 pyruvate kinase (TuM2-PK) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) were detected by double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The levels of T cell subsets were measured by flow cytometry, and the quality of life of patients was evaluated according to the World Health Organization quality of life scale brief version (WHOQOL-BREF). The clinical efficacy, tumor markers levels, immune cells levels, quality of life and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:The overall effective rate of patients in the combination treatment group was 46.67% (14/30), which was higher than 20.00% (6/30) in the conventional chemotherapy group ( χ2 = 4.80, P = 0.029). The differences in serum CEA, CA125, VEGF, CYFRA21-1, TuM2-PK, FAS levels and the proportions of CD3 +, CD4 +, CD8 + T cells and WHOQOL-BREF scores between the two groups before treatment were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05); the levels of CEA, CA125, VEGF, CYFRA21-1, TuM2-PK, FAS and the proportion of CD8 + T cells at 6 weeks after treatment were lower than those before treatment in both groups (all P < 0.05), and the proportions of CD3 + and CD4 + T cells and WHOQOL-BREF scores were higher than those before treatment (all P < 0.05); the levels CEA, CA125, VEGF, CYFRA21-1, TuM2-PK and the proportions of CD8 + T cells in the combination treatment group at 6 weeks after treatment were higher than those in the conventional chemotherapy group at 6 weeks after treatment (all P < 0.001), and the proportions of CD3 + and CD4 + T cells and WHOQOL-BREF scores were higher than those in the conventional chemotherapy group at 6 weeks after treatment (all P < 0.05). The differences in the incidence of gastrointestinal reactions, alopecia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and liver and kidney function impairment between the two groups were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:Immune checkpoint inhibitors combined with chemotherapy in NSCLC patients are more effective than conventional chemotherapy, and the combined treatment can more effectively reduce the serum tumor marker levels of patients and enhance the anti-tumor immune effect, with the adverse reactions comparable to conventional chemotherapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 179-183, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996057

ABSTRACT

Medical homogenization in multi-campus hospital plays an essential role in leveraging the advantages of public hospitals, promoting the expansion of high-quality medical resources and balancing regional layout. The Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine deeply used digital intelligence technology to build a new integrated mobile health service system consisting of internet hospital and 5G intelligent applications, which empowered medical efficiency in multi-campus hospital. This system broke the limitations of inconsistent medical resources, unbalanced discipline layout, and insufficient information connectivity in the construction of multi-campus hospitals, and achieved remarkable results in practice. It could provide reference for the multi-campus construction of other large public hospitals.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 996-999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991456

ABSTRACT

This study mainly introduces the exploration of the construction and management of multi-level medical training platform in clinical skills center of the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University. Through the construction of a multi-level clinical skills training platform, a reasonable hierarchical training program is formulated by taking the clinical basic skills training platform and the clinical specialist skills training platform as the basic core teaching content. This program adopts various ways to improve the teaching quality, effectively promote students' ability of clinical practice step by step, meet the needs of different levels of medical personnel in different stages, scientifically and effectively cultivate the high-quality medical personals, and give full play to the role of hospital clinical skills center in medical education, which lays a good foundation for the continuous improvement of teaching quality in hospitals.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 233-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect of phloretin on inflammation and oxidative stress in interleukin (IL)-1β induced orbital fibroblasts (OFs) from Graves orbitopathy (GO) patients and its mechanism.Methods:The orbital fat and connective tissue from 6 eyes of 6 patients diagnosed as inactive GO who underwent orbital decompression in Henan Eye Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected.Primary OFs were isolated and passaged by explant culture and were identified by cell immunofluorescence assay.OFs were divided into control group, IL-1β induced group, and groups of various phloretin concentrations (25, 50, 75, 100 and 200 μmol/L). The viability of OFs after 24- and 48-hour treatment of the various phloretin concentrations was determined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). OFs were induced by IL-1β to simulate an inflammatory environment of GO in vitro.Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels of the normal control group, IL-1β induced group, 50 μmol/L phloretin group and 100 μmol/L phloretin group were detected by fluorescent probe (H 2DCF-DA). The concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in cell culture supernatant of the normal control group, IL-1β induced group and phloretin treated groups (25, 50, 75, and 100 μmol/L) were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) proteins, as well as P38, extracelluar regulated protein kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) proteins as well as their phosphorylated proteins in the MAPK signal pathway of the normal control group, IL-1β induced group and 100 μmol/L phloretin group, were detected by Western blot.The purpose and methods of the study were explained to the patients and their family members.Written informed consent was obtained.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan Provincial People's Hospital (No.HNEECKY-2020[07]). Results:For cultured OFs, the mesenchymal origin was confirmed by positive expression of vimentin and fibroblasts were identified by negative expression of desmin, S-100 and cytokeratin-18.CCK-8 showed that there was no significant difference in absorbance value after 24- and 48-hour treatment between 25 μmol/L, 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups and control group (all at P>0.05). The ROS levels of 50 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were 21.95±1.71 and 10.01±1.03, respectively, which were significantly lower than 39.27±4.01 of IL-1β induced group (both at P<0.01). ELISA showed that IL-6 concentrations in 25 μmol/L, 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were (4 544.25±572.98), (1 000.25±133.96), (724.25±98.63), (519.50±118.02)pg/ml, respectively, which were all significantly lower than (7 581.75±565.93)pg/ml in IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). IL-8 concentrations in 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were (3 679.50±676.76), (2 143.75±616.20), (1 174.75±284.18)pg/ml, respectively, which were all significantly lower than (8 411.00±939.67)pg/ml in IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). The concentrations of MCP-1 in 50 μmol/L, 75 μmol/L and 100 μmol/L phloretin groups were (3 783.25±610.24), (1 565.75±457.89), (745.75±227.01)pg/ml, respectively, which were all significantly lower than (5 533.00±602.87)pg/ml in IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). The relative expression levels of HO-1 and Nrf2 were significantly higher and the relative expression levels of p-P38, p-ERK, and p-JNK were significantly lower in 100 μmol/L phloretin group than IL-1β induced group (all at P<0.01). Conclusions:Phloretin reduces the oxidative stress level of IL-1β induced OFs from GO patients and inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.The mechanism is related to the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 and the inhibition of the MAPK signal pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 497-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989821

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the application and effect of "Trinity" emergency chain in the management of patients with epidemic respiratory tract infection under the cooperation of multiple hospitals and districts, and to provide a reference for medical institutions to improve the risk response ability.Methods:Based on the collaborative management of multi-branches, the "Trinity" emergency chain of pre-hospital-emergency-critical care, identification-triage-treatment, expansion-training-dispatch was implemented to optimize and integrate medical resources.Results:During the two months, 43,000 patients were admitted to the fever clinic, with an increase of 36.08%. The average waiting time for treatment was 19.83 min, and the average admission time to ICU was 25.35 min.Conclusions:The "Trinity" emergency chain treatment scheme under the coordination of multi-branches can effectively deal with the public health events of respiratory tract infectious diseases, improve the efficiency of rescue and treatment, and enhance the risk response ability of medical institutions.

11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 328-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989566

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze circRNAs specifically differentially expressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) based on high-throughput sequencing data.Methods:Six patients with pathologically confirmed ESCC in Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Medical University from March 2018 to March 2019 were selected as the research subjects, among which 3 were stage Ⅰ ESCC and 3 were stage Ⅲ ESCC. High-throughput sequencing technology was used to analyze the difference in the expression of circRNA in cancer tissues and adjacent tissues of patients. GO enrichment analysis, KEGG enrichment analysis and Venn analysis were performed on differentially expressed genes. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network was constructed using Cytoscape software. The most significantly differentially expressed genes in cancer tissues were verified in cells and tissues, and the relationships between circRNAs and clinical pathological indicators of patients were analyzed.Results:A total of 553 differentially expressed circRNAs were screened in paracancerous tissues and cancer tissues of 3 stage Ⅰ ESCC patients, of which 413 were up-regulated and 140 were down-regulated in cancer tissues; A total of 425 differentially expressed circRNAs were screened in paracancerous tissues and cancer tissues of 3 stage Ⅲ ESCC patients, of which 276 were up-regulated and 149 were down-regulated in cancer tissues. GO enrichment analysis showed that the host genes of differential circRNAs in patients with stage Ⅰ ESCC were mainly enriched in cell cycle-related biological processes such as mitotic G 2/M transition. The host genes of differential circRNAs in patients with stage Ⅲ ESCC were mainly enriched in biological processes related to cell division and tumor development, such as mitotic spindle checkpoint and cell matrix adhesion. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the differential circRNAs in cancer tissues of stage Ⅰ and stage Ⅲ ESCC patients were mainly enriched in cancer-related biological pathways such as cell adhesion. The results of Venn analysis showed that in stage Ⅰ ESCC patients and stage Ⅲ ESCC patients, 2 and 8 circRNAs that were only specifically expressed in paracancerous tissues and had significant differences were screened out respectively, and were only specifically expressed in cancer tissues with significant differences were 11 and 14 respectively. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network showed that the cancer tissue-related circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network in stage Ⅰ ESCC patients consisted of 7 circRNA nodes, 10 miRNA nodes and 28 mRNA nodes, and the cancer tissue-related circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network in stage Ⅲ ESCC patients consisted of 7 circRNA nodes, 9 miRNA nodes and 49 mRNA nodes. The most significantly differentially expressed hsa-circ-0060927 and hsa-circ-0109301 in cancer tissues of patients with stage Ⅰ ESCC and stage Ⅲ ESCC were selected for cytological and histological verification. The results showed that the relative expression levels of hsa-circ-0060927 in ESCC cell lines TE1, TE13, KYSE30, KYSE170, and human normal esophageal epithelial cell line HEEC were 7.82±1.96, 12.69±2.68, 12.78±2.74, 7.53±1.75, and 2.43±0.17, respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=4.68, P=0.004). The relative expression levels of hsa-circ-0060927 in ESCC cell lines TE1, TE13, KYSE30, and KYSE170 were higher than that in human normal esophageal epithelial cell line HEEC, with statistically significant differences ( P=0.009; P=0.003; P=0.003; P=0.007). The relative expression levels of hsa-circ-0109301 in ESCC cell lines TE1, TE13, KYSE30, KYSE170, and human normal esophageal epithelial cell line HEEC were 5.16±1.32, 6.28±1.57, 4.89±1.13, 8.92±2.12, and 22.56±4.13, respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=4.31, P=0.022). The relative expression levels of hsa-circ-0109301 in ESCC cell lines TE1, TE13, KYSE30, and KYSE170 were lower than that in human normal esophageal epithelial cell line HEEC, with statistically significant differences ( P=0.027; P=0.015; P=0.024; P=0.008). The expression level of hsa-circ-0060927 in cancer tissues of 13 early ESCC patients was 12.89±2.67, significantly higher than 5.73±1.18 in paracancerous tissue, and there was a statistically significant difference ( t=15.02, P<0.001) ; the expression level of hsa-circ-0109301 in cancer tissues of 19 patients with advanced ESCC was 7.78±2.17, significantly lower than 16.32±3.15 in paracancerous tissue, and there was a statistically significant difference ( t=9.73, P<0.001). The expression of hsa-circ-0109301 was related to the degree of tumor differentiation in advanced ESCC patients ( P=0.023) . Conclusion:One circRNA (hsa-circ-0060927 and hsa-circ-0109301) with the most significanty differential expression is selected in early and advanced ESCC patients respectively, in which hsa-circ-0060927 is highly expressed in ESCC cancer tissues and hsa-circ-0109301 is lowly expressed in ESCC cancer tissues, and the expression of hsa-circ-0109301 is correlated with the degree of tumor differentiation.

12.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 65-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the real-world efficacy of osimertinib and icotinib in metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data of 151 newly-diagnosed patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) -positive advanced NSCLC in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from March 2018 to May 2022. The patients were divided into osimertinib group ( n=53) and icotinib group ( n=98) according to treatment method. The objective response rate (ORR) , disease control rate (DCR) , progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between the two groups. The factors influencing prognosis were analyzed by using Cox regression models. Subgroup analysis was performed according to metastatic site and EGFR mutation type. Results:ORR was 56.6% (30/53) and 59.2% (58/98) for patients in the osimertinib group and icotinib group, respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=0.09, P=0.759) . DCR was 83.0% (44/53) and 91.8% (90/98) for patients in the osimertinib group and icotinib group, respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=2.68, P=0.102) . The median PFS was 11.7 months and 11.8 months for patients in the osimertinib group and icotinib group, respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=0.06, P=0.802) . The median OS was not reached for patients in both the osimertinib group and icotinib group, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2<0.01, P=0.969) . The results of multivariate analysis showed that adrenal metastases ( HR=1.89, 95% CI: 1.04-3.41, P=0.036) was an independent prognostic factor for PFS. Gender ( HR=2.22, 95% CI: 1.08-4.58, P=0.031) and adrenal metastases ( HR=4.87, 95% CI: 1.76-13.46, P=0.002) were independent prognostic factors for OS. The results of the subgroup analysis showed that in patients with pleural metastases (median PFS: 11.7 months vs. 9.3 months, median OS: not reached vs. not reached) , adrenal metastases (median PFS: 8.7 months vs. 5.6 months, median OS: 20.0 months vs. 15.3 months) , 19DEL mutations (median PFS: 14.5 months vs. 13.3 months, median OS: not reached vs. 40.7 months) , the osimertinib group tended to have better survival outcomes. Conversely, in patients with contralateral lung metastases (median PFS: 8.3 months vs. 11.2 months, median OS: not reached vs. 40.7 months) , bone metastases (median PFS: 11.7 months vs. 11.8 months, median OS: not reached vs. 34.5 months) , liver metastases (median PFS: 8.7 months vs. 9.1 months, median OS: not reached vs. 23.8 months) , brain metastases (median PFS: 11.7 months vs. 15.3 months, median OS: 22.4 months vs. 35.3 months) and 21L858R mutations (median PFS: 9.5 months vs. 10.0 months, median OS: 22.4 months vs. not reached) , the icotinib group tended to have better survival outcomes, but with no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05) . Conclusion:Both osimertinib and icotinib have good therapeutic efficacy in patients with EGFR-positive advanced NSCLC, thus can be used as first-line treatment options.

13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 809-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008134

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effects of different application sequences of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet(Nd∶YAG)laser and the desensitizing toothpaste containing stannous fluoride on dentinal tubule occlusion.Methods Twelve intact third molars freshly extracted from human were selected and prepared into dentin slices with a thickness of 0.8 mm.Each dentin slice was subdivided into four small slices,three of which were etched with 6% citric acid and randomly assigned to the following three groups(n=12):(1)control group:no treatment;(2)Nd∶YAG+toothbrushing(TB)group:first irradiated with Nd∶YAG laser and then brushed with desensitizing toothpaste;(3)TB+Nd∶YAG group:first brushed with desensitizing toothpaste and then irradiated with Nd∶YAG laser.The Nd∶YAG laser irradiation were carried out at 1 W,15 pulses/s,and the pulse width of 150 μs for 10 s(for a total of 6 cycles).After the above treatment,the 12 dentin slices from the Nd∶YAG+TB and TB+Nd∶YAG groups were randomly assigned to four subgroups(n=3)and subjected to acid etching in the Coca-Cola solution for 0,5,10,and 15 min.A scanning electron microscope was used to observe and photograph the dentin slices in each group,and eight single-blinded examiners scored the slices according to uniform criteria.The analysis of variance was carried out to compared the scores between groups.Results Before acid etching,the dentin tubule occlusion scores of the Nd∶YAG+TB and TB+Nd∶YAG groups were(4.83±0.09) scores and(3.85±0.66) scores,respectively,which had no significant difference between each other(P=0.0590)and were higher than that[(0.10±0.07)scores]of the control group(both P<0.0001).The dentin tubule occlusion scores of the Nd∶YAG+TB group after acid etching for 5,10,and 15 min were(4.33±0.60)scores,(4.27±0.24)scores,and(3.63±0.07)scores,respectively,which were not significantly different from those[(4.04±0.10)scores,(3.76±0.59)scores,and(3.17±0.29)scores,respectively]of the TB+Nd∶YAG group(all P>0.05).In the Nd∶YAG+TB subgroup,the dentin tubule occlusion score after acid etching for 15 min was significantly lower than that before acid etching(P=0.0011).In the TB+Nd∶YAG group,there was no statistically significant difference in the score between before and after acid etching(P>0.05).Conclusions Nd∶YAG laser irradiation with appropriate parameters combined with the use of desensitizing toothpaste could produce an excellent occluding effect on dentinal tubules regardless of the sequence.However,brushing with desensitizing toothpaste followed by Nd∶YAG laser irradiation produced more consistent dentin sealing after acid etching.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity/therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Toothpastes/pharmacology
14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005844

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of total flavone of oldenlandia diffusa (FOD) on the proliferation and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stem cells sorted from Huh7. 【Methods】 Human HCC cell lines Huh7 was cultured in vitro; CD133 positive (CD133+) stem cells in Huh7 cell line were sorted by flow cytometry, and stem cell markers such as Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2 were tested by Western blotting. CD133+-Huh7 was stimulated by different concentrations (0 μg/mL, 50 μg/mL, 100 μg/mL and 400 μg/mL) of FOD for different time (24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h). CCK8 and plate cell cloning assay were used to detect the effect of FOD on CD133+-Huh7 proliferation while Annexin V-PE/7-AAD was used to detect the effect of FOD on CD133+-Huh7 apoptosis. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expressions of protein 53 (P53), factor associated suicide-Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain (Fas-FADD), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Cleaved-Caspase3, and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax). 【Results】 More than 95% of stem cells were purified for further experiments. Cell proliferation of CD133+-Huh7 was significantly inhibited by FOD, with the significant suppression at the concentration of 100 μg/mL for 72 h compared with negative control group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate was significantly upregulated than that in the negative control group (P<0.05). The protein expression of Bcl2 decreased while Bax and Cleaved-Caspae3 increased via FAS/FADDD and P53 axis. 【Conclusion】 FOD can significantly inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of CD133+-Huh7.

15.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 419-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005724

ABSTRACT

In the field of reproductive rights disputes, following the wrong birth litigation caused by prenatal diagnosis errors, the emerging reproductive rights litigation caused by the fault of human assisted reproductive technology has become more typical. Medical institutions shall bear the corresponding liability for compensation for loss, damage, wrong implantation of gametes or embryos in vitro due to its negligence, which constitutes an infringement on the reproductive rights of patients and spouses. During cryopreservation of embryo in vitro, if one of the couple of the gamete donor dies, the surviving spouse has the right to exercise the reproductive right. The surviving spouse has the right to ask the medical institution to remove the obstacles for the behavior that the medical institution refuses to hand over the frozen embryos to the surviving spouse. For the deliberate destruction of frozen embryos by medical institutions, patients have the right to ask medical institutions to bear the liability for damages.

16.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1132-1137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005607

ABSTRACT

The research on rare diseases in China started relatively late, with scattered research resources and weak data foundation in epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment, and medication, which hinders its research progress. The rare disease data system is the foundation of rare disease research, and the ethical constraint on rare disease data collection is not only the protection of rare disease population, but also the need for the safety and quality of rare disease data. By analyzing and prospecting the current status of the construction of rare disease data systems, including the data of epidemiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment, drug trials, and follow-up to provide reference for the improvement of rare disease data systems. This paper explored the ethical issues to be followed in the process of rare disease data collection from the perspectives of justice, no harm, respect, sharing, and legalization, so as to improve the standardization of rare disease data collection and the understanding of data ethical review.

17.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 538-546, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005290

ABSTRACT

BackgroundDue to the COVID-19 pandemic, both teenagers' studies and personal life are critically affected, which has resulted in a variety of mental health problems. In this regard, scholars at home and abroad have carried out a large number of research concerning adolescent mental health, of which there still exists a lack of systematic combing and review. ObjectiveTo understand the status and development trend of research on adolescent mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic at home and abroad, and to grasp the current research hotspots and trends in this field, so as to provide references for relevant research and practice in the post-epidemic era. MethodsOn October 30, 2022, we searched through China Knowledge Network Infrastructure (CNKI) and Web of Science database, and the publishing time of articles to be retrieved was limited between December 1, 2019 and October 30, 2022. Excel and CiteSpace were used to perform visual analysis on these articles in terms of number, author, institution, country and keywords of the articles. ResultsA total of 7 608 articles were included. At home and abroad, the number of papers related to adolescent mental health generally increased at first and then decreased under the pandemic situation. Compared with foreign countries, the connection and cooperation among domestic scholars and institutions was not close enough. The top three countries in the number of English literature published were the United States, Britain and China, and those in intermediary center were Tunis, Cameroon and Anguilla. The parent-child relationship and mental health of teenagers during were much concerned by scholars both at home and abroad. With the passage of time, researchers at home and abroad had shifted their focus from only negative factors to positive factors. ConclusionChinese scholars or institutions need to strengthen more domestic and international exchanges and cooperation. Scholars from different countries can carry out cross-cultural study on research topics of common concern, and continue to explore the positive psychological changes of teenagers in the post-epidemic era.[Funded by National Social Science Foundation 2020 Education Youth Project of 13th Five-Year Plan (number, CHA200259)]

18.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 436-440, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003881

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with occupational melanosis. Methods Diagnostic data of 69 patients with occupational melanosis was analyzed using retrospective analysis. Results The main occupational hazards for the 69 patients with occupational melanosis were coal tar, petroleum and its fractionated products, pigments and dyes and their intermediates, rubber additives and rubber products. The median length of occupational exposure and disease latency were 8.0 and 6.0 years, respectively, with a highly positive correlation between them (Spearman correlation coefficients=0.962, P<0.01). Skin lesions were mainly found on exposed areas such as the face-to-neck and limbs, prevalence of 94.2% and 75.4% respectively. And 78.3% of patients had skin lesion on more than two sites. The lesions were mostly in the form of irregular flakes (59.4%), with a gray-black color (44.9%). About 43.5% of patients experienced skin itching. Complete blood count, liver function, and kidney function were all within normal ranges. Skin biopsy results showed that epidermal hyperkeratosis, thinning of the spinous layer, liquefaction degeneration of basal cells, increased superficial dermal melanocytes, and infiltration of lymphocytes, histiocytes, and melanocytes around the blood vessels. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) detection showed focal liquefaction degeneration of basal cells in the lesions, with a significant infiltration of melanocytes and inflammatory cells in the dermal papillae and superficial layers. Conclusion The primary target organ of occupational melanocytes is the skin, and no damage to other organs was identified thus far. Results from skin biopsies and RCM examinations can be used for differential diagnosis.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2987-2994, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the intervention effects and potential mechanism of Miao medicine Toddalia asiatica on cardiovascular damage in rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) based on vitamin D (VD) and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). METHODS SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group (9 rats) and the modeling group (61 rats). CIA model was prepared by multi-point injection of type Ⅱ bovine collagen+Fisher’s incomplete adjuvant; the model rats were randomly divided into the model group, methotrexate group (positive control, 1.5 mg/kg, twice a week), vitamin D group [pathway validation, 1 000 IU/(kg·d), once a day], T. asiatica low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups [0.54, 1.08, 2.16 g/(kg·d), calculated by crude drug, once a day], with 9 rats in each group; they were given relevant medicine intragastrically for 4 consecutive weeks. Arthritis index scoring was performed after modeling and before administration, and plantar thickness was measured before and after the last administration; the histopathological changes of ankle joint, heart and abdominal aorta were observed in rats; the serum contents of myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] were detected; the expressions of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), NETs markers [citrullinated histone H3(CitH3), MPO], VD-related indicators [vitamin D receptor (VDR), 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1)] and IL-6 were determined in cardiac tissue. RESULTS Compared with the normal group, the plantar thickness of the arthritis index increased significantly in the model group (P<0.01). The obvious inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrous tissue hyperplasia were found in the ankle joint, the obvious myocardial fiber (No.2019YFC171250101) vacuoles and thickening of some surrounding blood vessel walls were found in the heart tissue, and the endothelial detachment was found in the abdominal aorta. The contents of MPO and IL-6 in serum increased significantly(P<0.01),while the level of 25(OH)D3 decreased significantly (P<0.01); the protein expressions of PAD4, CitH3, MPO and IL-6 in myocardial tissue up-regulated significantly (P<0.01), while protein expression of VDR and CYP27B1 changed to acertain extent without significance (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, the pathological changes of ankle joints and cardiac tissue in rats were significantly improved in administration groups, and the above indicators were generally reversed (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS T. asiatica can improve rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and cardiovascular damage by inhibiting the formation of NETs and inflammatory response, the mechanism of which may be associated with the regulation of VD expression.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2873-2884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003279

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Zhizi Dahuang decoction (ZZDHT) in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) by improving oxidative stress in hepatic neutrophils. MethodsNetwork pharmacology was used to obtain the chemical components of ZZDHT and their corresponding action targets and analyze the potential targets and functional pathways of ZZDHT in the treatment of ALD. The non-target metabolomics technology was used to observe the changes in the metabolites of ZZDHT in mouse serum and liver. The mice were given ZZDHT at a dose twice as much as the middle dose concentration by gavage, and serum and liver samples were collected at six time points after gavage (10 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours, 4 hours, and 6 hours) and were then mixed for mass spectrometry (administration group with 18 mice), while the 18 mice in the control group were given an equal volume of normal saline by gavage. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography was used for rapid isolation and identification of the metabolites of ZZDHT in serum and liver tissue, and the effective constituents of ZZDHT were validated. Male C57BL/6J mice, aged 8 weeks, were randomly and equally divided into control group, model group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose ZZDHT groups, with 10 mice in each group. All mice except those in the control group were used to establish a mouse model of ALD (NIAAA model mice), and at the same time, the mice in the administration groups were given low-, middle-, and high-dose ZZDHT by gavage, while those in the control group and the model group were given an equal volume of normal saline by gavage. The serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and triglyceride (TG) were measured; PCR was used to measure the gene expression levels of related inflammation, oxidative stress, and neutrophil indicators in the liver; ELISA was used to measure the levels of related inflammation and oxidative stress indicators in serum; superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured to observe the level of oxidative stress in the liver; HE staining, myeloperoxidase staining, and oil red staining were used to observe liver injury, neutrophil infiltration, and lipid deposition. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsA total of 53 active components and 227 target genes were obtained for ZZDHT, and there were 8685 target genes of ALD, resulting in 222 common target genes between these two groups of genes. Core pathways included the interleukin-6 signaling pathway and the TNF signaling pathway. The non-targeted metabolic analysis of ZZDHT obtained 225 metabolites in mouse liver and 227 metabolites in serum, among which there were 126 common metabolites. The core pathways of liver metabolites included glycerolipid metabolism and inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, and the core pathways of serum metabolites included the AMPK signaling pathway and oxidative phosphorylation, all of which were associated with oxidative stress- and inflammation-related pathways. Compared with the model group, the low-, middle-, and high-dose ZZDHT groups had significant reductions in the serum levels of ALT, AST, and TG (all P<0.05), and the middle-dose ZZDHT group had significant reductions in the levels of Ly6g, Ncf1, Ncf2, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, MDA, 4-HNE, Gp91, and P22 in the liver (all P<0.05), a significant increase in the level of SOD (P<0.05), a significant reduction in the serum level of 4-HNE (P<0.05), and a significant increase in the level of GSH-Px (P<0.05). There were significant improvements in fat deposition and neutrophil infiltration in the liver of mice in the middle-dose ZZDHT group (both P<0.05). ConclusionZZDHT significantly reduces oxidative stress and inflammatory response in NIAAA model mice.

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