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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron supplementation in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Methods: This retrospective analysis of 90 patients with recurrent IDA from May 2012 to December 2021 was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of the intravenous iron therapy group and the oral iron therapy group. Results: Among the 90 patients with recurrent IDA, 20 were males and 70 were females, with a median age of 40 (range: 14-85) years. A total of 60 patients received intravenous iron supplementation and 30 received oral iron supplementation. The hematologic response rates in the intravenous iron group were significantly higher than those in the oral iron group at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment [80.0% (48/60) vs 3.3% (1/30) and 96.7% (58/60) vs 46.7% (14/30), all P<0.001, respectively]. The median increase in hemoglobin levels was also significantly higher in the intravenous iron group than in the oral iron group [38 (4, 66) g/L vs 7 (1, 22) g/L at week 4 and 44.5 (18, 80) g/L vs 19 (3, 53) g/L at week 8, all P<0.001]. The intravenous iron group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved normal hemoglobin levels than the oral iron group (55.0% vs 0 and 90% vs 43.3%, all P<0.001, respectively). Iron metabolism indicators were tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment in 26 and 7 patients in the intravenous and oral iron groups, respectively. The median increase in serum ferritin (SF) levels in the intravenous iron group 8 weeks after treatment was 113.7 (49.7, 413.5) μg/L, and 54% (14/26) of these patients had SF levels of ≥100 μg/L, which was significantly higher than the median increase in SF levels in the oral iron group [14.0 (5.8, 84.2) μg/L, t=4.760, P<0.001] and the proportion of patients with SF levels of ≥100 μg/L (P=0.013). The incidence of adverse reactions was 3.3% (2/60) in the intravenous iron group, which was significantly lower than that in the oral iron group [20.0% (6/30), P=0.015]. Conclusion: Intravenous iron supplementation is more effective for hematologic response, faster hemoglobin increase, and higher iron storage replenishment rates compared with oral iron supplementation in patients with recurrent IDA, and it is well tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Sucrose/therapeutic use , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Iron/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 533-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986064

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical diagnostic characteristics of pneumoconiosis patients of migrant workers in Hunan Province, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of pneumoconiosis. Methods: In February 2022, through the Hunan Provincial Medical Treatment and Assistance Information Platform for Pneumoconiosis Migrant Workers, the cases of irresponsible subjects with pneumoconiosis that were first diagnosed clinically in Hunan Province from January 2017 to December 2021 were collected, and analyzed their gender, age, length of service, types of pneumoconiosis, stages of pneumoconiosis, and comorbidities. Results: From January 2017 to December 2021, there were a total of 26131 cases of irresponsible pneumoconiosis patients diagnosed clinically in Hunan Province, with males accounting for 99.8% (26072 cases) and an average age of (60.66±8.04) years old. Among the 26131 patients, coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis were the main causes, with 16816 and 9078 cases respectively, accounting for 99.1% of the diagnosed cases. There were 8640 cases (33.1%) of stageⅠpneumoconiosis, 6601 cases (25.2%) of stage Ⅱ pneumoconiosis, and 10890 cases (41.7%) of stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis. 2051 patients experienced complications. The average age of exposure to dust of 26131 patients was (17.81±9.69) years, and the age of exposure to dust in silicosis patients was (14.60±9.62) years. The working age of coal worker's pneumoconiosis was (19.60±9.26) years. Compared with coal workers' pneumoconiosis patients, silicosis patients had a shorter working time exposed to dust, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis are mainly diagnosed for the first time in migrant workers' pneumoconiosis patients in Hunan Province. Pneumoconiosis patients should be diagnosed in time, which is conducive to treatment and rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Child, Preschool , Coal Mining , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis , Anthracosis/epidemiology , Dust , Coal , China/epidemiology
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 761-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985820

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the influencing factors of No. 253 lymph node metastasis in descending colon cancer, sigmoid colon cancer, and rectal cancer, and to investigate the prognosis of No. 253 lymph node-positive patients by propensity score matching analysis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data from patients with descending colon cancer, sigmoid colon cancer, rectosigmoid junction cancer, and rectal cancer who underwent surgery between January 2015 and December 2019 from the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, General Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, and Peking University Cancer Hospital. A total of 3 016 patients were included according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, comprising 1 848 males and 1 168 females, with 1 675 patients aged≥60 years and 1 341 patients aged<60 years. Clinical and pathological factors from single center data were subjected to univariate analysis to determine influencing factors of No. 253 lymph node metastasis, using a binary Logistic regression model. Based on the results of the multivariate analysis, a nomogram was constructed. External validation was performed using data from other multicenter sources, evaluating the effectiveness through the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and the calibration curve. Using data from a single center, the No. 253 lymph node-positive group was matched with the negative group in a 1∶2 ratio (caliper value=0.05). Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine independent prognostic factors. Results: (1) The tumor diameter≥5 cm (OR=4.496,95%CI:1.344 to 15.035, P=0.015) T stage (T4 vs. T1: OR=11.284, 95%CI:7.122 to 15.646, P<0.01), N stage (N2 vs. N0: OR=60.554, 95%CI:7.813 to 469.055, P=0.043), tumor differentiation (moderate vs. well differentiated: OR=1.044, 95%CI:1.009 to 1.203, P=0.044; poor vs. well differentiated: OR=1.013, 95%CI:1.002 to 1.081, P=0.013), tumor location (sigmoid colon vs. descending colon: OR=9.307, 95%CI:2.236 to 38.740, P=0.002), pathological type (mucinous adenocarcinoma vs. adenocarcinoma: OR=79.923, 95%CI:15.113 to 422.654, P<0.01; signet ring cell carcinoma vs. adenocarcinoma: OR=27.309, 95%CI:4.191 to 177.944, P<0.01), and positive vascular invasion (OR=3.490, 95%CI:1.033 to 11.793, P=0.044) were independent influencing factors of No. 253 lymph node metastasis. (2) The area under the curve of the nomogram prediction model was 0.912 (95%CI: 0.869 to 0.955) for the training set and 0.921 (95%CI: 0.903 to 0.937) for the external validation set. The calibration curve demonstrated good consistency between the predicted outcomes and the actual observations. (3) After propensity score matching, the No. 253 lymph node-negative group did not reach the median overall survival time, while the positive group had a median overall survival of 20 months. The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 83.9%, 61.3% and 51.6% in the negative group, and 63.2%, 36.8% and 15.8% in the positive group, respectively. Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that the T4 stage (HR=3.067, 95%CI: 2.357 to 3.990, P<0.01), the N2 stage (HR=1.221, 95%CI: 0.979 to 1.523, P=0.043), and No. 253 lymph node positivity (HR=2.902, 95%CI:1.987 to 4.237, P<0.01) were independent adverse prognostic factors. Conclusions: Tumor diameter ≥5 cm, T4 stage, N2 stage, tumor location in the sigmoid colon, adverse pathological type, poor differentiation, and vascular invasion are influencing factors of No. 253 lymph node metastasis. No. 253 lymph node positivity indicates a poorer prognosis. Therefore, strict dissection for No. 253 lymph node should be performed for colorectal cancer patients with these high-risk factors.

4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 753-760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine a predictive model that incorporating high risk pathological factors for the prognosis of stage Ⅰ to Ⅲ colon cancer. Methods: This study retrospectively collected clinicopathological information and survival outcomes of stage Ⅰ~Ⅲ colon cancer patients who underwent curative surgery in 7 tertiary hospitals in China from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. A total of 1 650 patients were enrolled, aged (M(IQR)) 62 (18)years (range: 14 to 100). There were 963 males and 687 females. The median follow-up period was 51 months. The Cox proportional hazardous regression model was utilized to select high-risk pathological factors, establish the nomogram and scoring system. The Bootstrap resampling method was utilized for internal validation of the model, the concordance index (C-index) was used to assess discrimination and calibration curves were presented to assess model calibration. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves after risk grouping, and Cox regression was used to compare disease-free survival between subgroups. Results: Age (HR=1.020, 95%CI: 1.008 to 1.033,P=0.001), T stage (T3:HR=1.995,95%CI:1.062 to 3.750,P=0.032;T4:HR=4.196, 95%CI: 2.188 to 8.045, P<0.01), N stage (N1: HR=1.834, 95%CI: 1.307 to 2.574, P<0.01; N2: HR=3.970, 95%CI: 2.724 to 5.787, P<0.01) and number of lymph nodes examined (≥36: HR=0.438, 95%CI: 0.242 to 0.790, P=0.006) were independently associated with disease-free survival. The C-index of the scoring model (model 1) based on age, T stage, N stage, and dichotomous variables of the lymph nodes examined (<12 and ≥12) was 0.723, and the C-index of the scoring model (model 2) based on age, T stage, N stage, and multi-categorical variables of the lymph nodes examined (<12, 12 to <24, 24 to <36, and ≥36) was 0.726. A scoring system was established based on age, T stage, N stage, and multi-categorical variables of lymph nodes examined, the 3-year DFS of the low-risk (≤1), middle-risk (2 to 4) and high-risk (≥5) group were 96.3%(n=711), 89.0%(n=626) and 71.4%(n=313), respectively. Statistically significant difference was observed among groups (P<0.01). Conclusions: The number of lymph nodes examined was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival after curative surgery in patients with stage Ⅰ to Ⅲ colon cancer. Incorporating the number of lymph nodes examined as a multi-categorical variable into the T and N staging system could improve prognostic predictive validity.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 98-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973159

ABSTRACT

@#<b>Objective</b> To study whether the disinfection methods for thermoluminescence dosimeters used by major hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on monitoring personal dose of external irradiation, and to screen for the disinfection procedures suitable for use during the pandemic. <b>Methods</b> Hospitals with fever clinics during the epidemic in Shandong Province were selected from March to October 2020, we investigated the disinfection methods as well as the types and frequency of use of disinfection supplies used for thermoluminescence dosimeters during the pandemic in hospitals. Simulations were performed in experimental and control groups. <b>Results</b> The average doses measured by the disc dosimeter with different disinfection methods and the control group were 0.92-0.99 mSv and 0.98 mSv, respectively, and the deviation was ≤ 6%. The average doses measured by the glass tube dosimeter with different disinfection methods and the control group were 0.20-0.22 and 0.21, respectively, and the deviation was ≤ 5%. <b>Conclusion</b> The results showed that the commonly used disinfection methods had no influence on personal dose monitoring, but some disinfection measures were not suitable for dosimeters.

6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation in treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects.@*METHODS@#Between January 2018 and December 2021, 16 male patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects were treated with arthroscopic autogenous iliac bone grafting and double-row elastic fixation. The patients were 14-29 years old at the time of the first dislocation, with an average age of 18.4 years. The causes of the first dislocation included falling injury in 5 cases and sports injury in 11 cases. The shoulders dislocated 4-15 times, with an average of 8.3 times. The patients were 17-37 years old at the time of admission, with an average age of 25.1 years. There were 5 left shoulders and 11 right shoulders. The preoperative instability severity index (ISIS) score of the shoulder joint was 5.8±2.1, and the Beighton score was 4.3±2.6. The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score, Constant score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder function, and the degree of the glenoid bone defect repair was observed based on CT after operation.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as incision infection or neurovascular injury occurred. The patients were followed up 12 months. At 12 months after operation, UCLA score, Constant score, ASES score, and Rowe score all significantly improved when compared with the scores before operation ( P<0.05). CT imaging showed the degree of glenoid bone defect was significantly smaller at immediate, 6 and 12 months after operation when compared with that before operation ( P<0.05), and the bone blocks healed with the scapula, and bone fusion had occurred at 12 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation is a safe treatment for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects, with good short-term effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Arthroscopy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Scapula/surgery , Recurrence
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3485-3497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981499

ABSTRACT

In order to establish the standardized processing technology of the hot water washing of Euodiae Fructus, this study, based on the traditional processing method of hot water washing of Euodiae Fructus recorded in ancient works and modern processing specifications of traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, took the yield of decoction pieces and the content of main components as the indicators and optimized the processing conditions by orthogonal test based on the results of single factor investigation. At the same time, electronic tongue technology was used to analyze the change law of the taste index of Euodiae Fructus during the hot water washing. The results of the single factor investigation showed that the content of the main components in Euodiae Fructus showed some regular changes during the processing. Specifically, the content of chlorogenic acid, hyperin, isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-galactoside, and dehydroevodiamine decreased significantly, with average decreases of-23.75%,-27.80%,-14.04%,-14.03%, and-13.11%, respectively. The content of limonin increased significantly with an average increase of 19.83%. The content of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evocarpine, and dihydroevocarpine showed fluctuating changes and generally increased, with average variation amplitudes of 0.54%,-3.78%, 2.69%, and 5.13%, respectively. The orthogonal test results showed that the optimum processing parameters for the hot water washing of Euodiae Fructus were as follows: washing time of 2 min, the solid-to-liquid ratio of 1∶10 g·mL~(-1), washing temperature of 80 ℃, washing once, and drying at 50 ℃. After the hot water washing processing, the average yield of Euodiae Fructus pieces was 94.80%. The content of limonin, evodiamine, and rutaecarpine was higher than those of raw pro-ducts, and the average transfer rates were 102.56%, 103.15%, and 105.16%, respectively. The content of dehydroevodiamine was lower than that of the raw products, and the average transfer rate was 83.04%. The results of taste analysis showed that the hot water washing could significantly reduce the salty, astringent, and bitter tastes of Euodiae Fructus. This study revealed the influence of the hot water washing on the content of main components and taste of Euodiae Fructus, and the processing technology of the hot water was-hing of Euodiae Fructus established in this study was stable, feasible, and suitable for industrial production, which laid a foundation for clarifying its processing principle and improving the quality standard and clinical application value of decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Taste , Limonins , Technology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3269-3280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981464

ABSTRACT

Bombyx Batryticatus is a precious traditional Chinese animal drug commonly used in clinical practice in China, which has the effects of extinguishing wind, stopping convulsions, dispelling wind, relieving pain, resolving phlegm, and dissipating mass. The processing of Bombyx Batryticatus has a long history. As early as in the Liu Song period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties, there was a record of the processing of Bombyx Batryticatus with rice swill. In addition to the processing with bran, honey bran, and ginger juice, which are still used today, there are also processing methods such as rendering, flour processing, wine processing, salt processing, oil processing, charcoal, and red dates processing in ancient times. After processing, the fishy smell of Bombyx Batryticatus can be removed, and avoid nausea and vomiting caused by the direct taking. Furthermore, processing can also facilitate the removal of surface hairs and toxicity reduction, making the medicinal material crispy and easy to crush. Previous studies have shown that the main chemical constituents of Bombyx Batryticatus include protein polypeptides, sterols, and flavonoids, with anticonvulsant, anticoagulation, antithrombotic, anti-cancer, hypnotic, hypoglycemic, and other pharmacological effects. This paper reviewed the processing historical evolution, chemical constituents, and pharmacological effects of Bombyx Batryticatus to lay a foundation for the research on the processing mechanism, quality control, and active core substances of Bombyx Batryticatus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx , China , Evolution, Chemical , Flavonoids , Fruit
9.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 337-341, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996085

ABSTRACT

In order to achieve the goal of integration, homogeneity, a net and a center of medical groups in Hainan province, Hainan province built an integrated management information platform of urban medical alliances and county medical communities based on projects such as the provincial three medical linkage information platform in February 2022. The overall architecture of the medical alliance and medical community platform was divided into system integration layer, data center layer, service layer and application layer. The service layer included four major systems: unified operation management platform, business center, performance evaluation management platform and comprehensive supervision subsystem, which was the core hub connecting the data center layer and application layer, and also was the unified operation and closed-loop management platform of the medical alliance and medical community. As of November 2022, the platform had covered 31 medical alliances or medical communities in 19 cities and counties of Hainan province, achieving information exchange, personnel interaction, resource sharing, business collaboration, and data integration among member units, narrowing the gap between urban and rural medical and health services, which had preliminarily achieved homogeneous management of the medical alliances and medical communities throughout the province, for a reference for the integrated management of medical alliances and medical communities within the regional scope of China.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 676-681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative delirium (POD) in the patients.Methods:Six hundred and twenty-five patients, aged ≥60 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ-Ⅱ, scheduled for elective total knee and hip arthroplasty under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia, were included. Peripheral blood samples were collected before surgery, and serum creatinine levels were measured by the sarcosine oxidase method, and eGFR was calculated using the MDRD equation. After successful spinal-epidural puncture, cerebrospinal fluid 2 ml was collected for determination of β-amyloid 42 (Aβ42), total tau protein (T-tau) and phosphorylated tau protein (P-tau) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group (NPOD group) according to the occurrence of POD. The logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD, and the mediating effect of CSF biomarkers was analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the accuracy of eGFR and biomarkers in predicting POD.Results:A total of 514 patients were finally enrolled in this study, and the incidence of POD was 16.7%. The logistic regression analysis showed that decreased eGFR and increased levels of P-tau and T-tau in CSF were risk factors for POD, while increased CSF Aβ42 level, Aβ42/P-tau ratio and Aβ42/T-tau ratio were protective factors for POD after adjusting for multiple confounding variables ( P<0.05). Analysis of mediating effet: The direct effect of eGFR on POD was -0.0 005 267, the total effect was 0.0 046 446, T-tau had a partly mediating role and the mediating effect accounted for 11.3% of the total effect. The area under the ROC curve of eGFR and CSF biomarker in predicting POD was 0.812( P<0.001). Conclusions:Preoperative decrease in eGFR is a risk factor for POD, and T-tau in CSF serves as a key mediator in the relationship between eGFR and POD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 312-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of specnuezhenide on high glucose-induced human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (hRMECs) injury and its mechanism.Methods:The hRMECs were divided into a normal control group cultured in a culture medium containing 5.5 mmol/L glucose, a hypertonic group cultured in a culture medium containing 5.5 mmol/L glucose + 24.5 mmol/L mannitol, a high glucose group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, as well as high glucose+ low-, medium-, and high-dose specnuezhenide groups cultured in culture media containing 30 mmol/L glucose + 25, 50, 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide for 24 hours, respectively.In addition, hRMECs were divided into a high glucose+ small interfering RNA-negative control (si-NC) group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, a high glucose+ si-forkhead box O4 (FOXO4) group cultured in a culture medium containing 30 mmol/L glucose, a high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA group cultured in a culture medium containing 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide + 30 mmol/L glucose, and a high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA-FOXO4 group cultured in a culture medium containing 100 μmol/L specnuezhenide+ 30 mmol/L glucose for 24 hours after transfection by corresponding reagents.Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.The malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in cells were detected by the thiobarbituric acid method and xanthine oxidase method, respectively.The concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the cell culture supernatant were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.The relative expression level of FOXO4 protein in cells was determined by Western blot.Results:The apoptosis rates of normal control group, hypertonic group, high glucose group, high glucose+ low-, medium- and high-dose specnuezhenide groups were (7.32±0.72)%, (7.44±0.70)%, (23.96±1.32)%, (19.84±1.09)%, (14.13±0.85)% and (9.84±0.70)%, respectively.There were significant differences in cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, SOD activity, the concentration of IL-1β, the concentration of TNF-α, and the relative expression level of FOXO4 protein among the six groups ( F=498.545, 1 186.693, 516.629, 654.247, 638.238, 472.655; all at P<0.001). Compared with high glucose group, the apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, FOXO4 protein expression level were significantly decreased in high glucose+ low-, medium- and high-dose specnuezhenide groups, and SOD activity was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner.Compared with high glucose+ si-NC group, the expression level of FOXO4 protein, cell apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α mass concentrations were decreased in high glucose + si-FOXO4 group, while the SOD activity was increased.Compared with high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA group, the apoptosis rate, MDA concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations, FOXO4 protein expression level of hRMECs in high glucose+ specnuezhenide+ pcDNA-FOXO4 group were significantly increased, and SOD activity was significantly decreased (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Specnuezhenide can protect hRMECs from high glucose-induced apoptosis, oxidative stress and inflammatory response by down-regulating FOXO4.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 943-949, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relative importance of palliative care knowledge, attitude towards palliative care and healthy work environment of emergency care nurses in predicting perceived self-competence in palliative care based on dominance analysis, and to provide empirical evidence for formulating the optimal training course to improve perceived self-competence in palliative care.Methods:Totally 415 emergency care nurses from 22 tertiary hospitals in Hubei province were conducted a cross-sectional survey to complete the general information questionnaire, the Palliative Care Nursing Self-Competence Scale, the Hospice Knowledge Quiz for Nurses, the Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale Form B, and the American Association of Critical Care Nurses Healthy Work Environment Assessment Tool from January to March 2021 using convenient sampling method. Dominance analysis was used for statistical analysis.Results:The total score of perceived self-competence in palliative care of 415 emergency care nurses was (225.48 ± 60.61) points, the total score of palliative care knowledge was (12.44 ± 3.83) points, the total score of palliative care attitude was (97.35 ± 9.07) points and the total score of healthy work environment was (72.00 ± 11.99) points. Perceived self-competence in palliative care was positively associated with palliative care knowledge ( r=0.181, P < 0.01), attitude towards palliative care ( r=0.232, P<0.01) and healthy work environment ( r=0.393, P<0.01). Dominance analysis revealed that the healthy work environment, palliative care attitude and palliative care knowledge accounted for 74.15%, 14.97% and 10.88% of the variance of perceived self-competence in palliative care, respectively. Conclusions:The largest degree of prediction for emergency care nurses′ perceived self-competence in palliative care is healthy work environment, attitude next and the third is knowledge. It suggests that promoting a healthy work environment is an important way to improve nurses′ perceived self-competence in palliative care, and improving knowledge level and cultivating positive attitudes also will be better.

13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 347-355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the core prescriptions and mechanism of national TCM master Liu Bailing in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) based on data mining and network pharmacology methods; To provide the clinical reference for the treatment of LDH.Methods:The cases of LDH treated by Professor Liu in Affiliated Hospital of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2019 were collected and analyzed. Hierarchical clustering and association rules were used to analyze the medication rules and core prescriptions. TCMSP, GeneCards, ETCM, SymMap, DAVID, etc. were used to analyze the network pharmacology of the core compounds in treating LDH and symptoms, and reveal the mechanism.Results:A total of 1 334 prescriptions were included, involving 201 kinds of Chinese materia medica, among which the medicinal property was mainly warm, the flavor was mainly sweet and the meridians were mainly liver meridian and kidney meridian; the core medicines for the treatment of LDH included Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Spatholobi Caulis, Cinnamomi Cortex, Corydalis Rhizoma, Eucommiae Cortex, Paederia Foetida and Amomi Fructus, reflecting that Professor Liu Bailing often treats LDH from the perspective of kidney deficiency, and commonly uses the treatment methods of dispelling wind, relieving pain, warming yang and benefiting the kidney. The core prescriptions mainly participated in three pathways of cancer, immunity and cell metabolism, including PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway and FoxO signaling pathway. Conclusion:Professor Liu Bailing's treatment of LDH focuses on overall dialectical treatment, which mainly dispels wind, relieves pain, warms yang and benefits the kidney and the mechanism of the core prescriptions may lie in diminishing the inflammatory response. The core prescriptions may treat LDH by regulating the immune response and cellular physiological functions.

14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 585-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Bo investigate the regulatory relationship between NKD1 and YWHAE and the mechanism of NKD1 for promoting tumor cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-NKD1 plasmid, SW620 cells transfected with NKD1 siRNA, HCT116 cells with stable NKD1 overexpression (HCT116-NKD1 cells), SW620 cells with nkd1knockout (SW620-nkd1-/- cells), and SW620-nkd1-/- cells transfected with pcDNA3.0-YWHAE plasmid were examined for changes in mRNA and protein expression levels of YWHAE using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to detect the binding of NKD1 to the promoter region of YWHAE gene. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on YWHAE gene promoter activity was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, and the interaction between NKD1 and YWHAE was analyzed with immunofluorescence assay. The regulatory effect of NKD1 on glucose uptake was examined in the tumor cells.@*RESULTS@#In HCT116 cells, overexpression of NKD1 significantly enhanced the expression of YWHAE at both the mRNA and protein levels, while NKD1 knockout decreased its expression in SW620 cells (P < 0.001). ChIP assay showed that NKD1 protein was capable of binding to the YWHAE promoter sequence; dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that NKD1 overexpression (or knockdown) in the colon cancer cells significantly enhanced (or reduced) the transcriptional activity of YWHAE promoter (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence assay demonstrated the binding of NKD1 and YWHAE proteins in colon cancer cells. NKD1 knockout significantly reduced glucose uptake in colon cancer cells (P < 0.01), while YWHAE overexpression restored the glucose uptake in NKD1-knockout cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NKD1 protein activates the transcriptional activity of YWHAE gene to promote glucose uptake in colon cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , HCT116 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA, Messenger , Glucose , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , 14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 572-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of salivary microbiota in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Methods: A case-control study was applied to enroll 60 patients and healthy subjects who were outpatients of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of the Eighth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from December 2020 to March 2021, including 35 males and 25 females, aged from 21 to 80 (33.75±11.10) years. Thirty patients with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux were selected as study group and thirty healthy volunteers without pharyngeal symptoms were selected as control group. Their salivary samples were collected, and the salivary microbiota was detected and analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no significant difference in the diversity of salivary microbiota between the two groups. At the phylum classification level, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the study group was higher than that in the control group[37.86(31.15, 41.54)% vs 30.24(25.51, 34.18)%,Z=-3.46,P<0.01]. And the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in the study group was lower than that in the control group [15.76(11.81, 20.17)% vs 20.63(13.98, 28.82)%, Z=-1.98,P<0.05]. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Prevotella, Lactobacillus, Parascardovia and Sphingobium in the study group was higher than that in the control group(Z values were-2.92, -2.69, -2.05, -2.31, respectively, P<0.05).And the relative abundance of Streptococcus, Cardiobacterium, Klebsiella and Uruburuella of study group was lower than that of control group(Z values were -2.43, -2.32, -2.17, -2.32, respectively, P<0.05). LEfSe difference analysis showed that there were 39 bacteria with significant differences between the two groups, including Bacteroidetes, Prevotellaceae and Prevotella, which were enriched in the study group, and Streptococcaceae, Streptococcus and other taxa, which were enriched in the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion: The changes of the microflora in the saliva between LPR patients and healthy people suggest that the dysbacteriosis might exist in LPR patients, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of LPR.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Microbiota , Outpatients , Saliva/microbiology
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 531-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the improvement mechanism of caudatin on liver injury of rats. METHODS SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, caudatin low-dose and high-dose groups (25, 50 mg/kg), with 6 rats in each group. Diethylnitrosamine (DEN) was injected intraperitoneally three times per week for eight weeks to establish liver injury model of rats. At 5th week of modeling, the rats received relevant medicine or 0.5% sodium carboxymethylcellulose intragastrically for 4 weeks. The levels of liver function indexes [alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), total protein (TP) and total bilirubin (TBI)] and inflammatory factors [interleukin (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), IL-1β] in serum were detected; the histopathological morphological changes of rat liver were observed; the positive protein expressions of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and 78 kDa glucose regulatory protein (Grp78) in liver tissue were also determined; the expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related protein Grp78, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) and inositol requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) and the level of protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase robertluoyi@126.com (PERK) in liver tissue were detected. RESULTS Compared with blank group, serum levels of ALT, AST, TBI, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β and positive expressions of NF-κB and Grp78 in liver tissue as well as protein expressions of Grp78, CHOP, ATF6 and IRE1α, PERK protein phosphorylation level were all increased significantly in model group (P<0.05), while the serum level of TP was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The disordered structure of liver lobule, swollen liver cells, unclear intercellular boundary were observed and accompanied by inflammatory cell infiltration. Compared with model group, most of the above indexes were significantly reversed in caudatin groups (P<0.05); the structure of hepatic lobule was relatively complete and clear, the cells were arranged orderly, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells was also reduced. CONCLUSIONS Caudatin has a significant improvement effect against DEN-induced liver injury in rats, the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammatory reaction.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 830-839, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980880

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effect of intra-operative chemotherapy (IOC) on the long-term survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated the independent effect of intra-operative infusion of 5-fluorouracil in combination with calcium folinate on the survival of CRC patients following radical resection.@*METHODS@#1820 patients were recruited, and 1263 received IOC and 557 did not. Clinical and demographic data were collected, including overall survival (OS), clinicopathological features, and treatment strategies. Risk factors for IOC-related deaths were identified using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. A regression model was developed to analyze the independent effects of IOC.@*RESULTS@#Proportional hazard regression analysis showed that IOC (hazard ratio [HR]=0.53, 95% confidence intervals [CI] [0.43, 0.65], P  < 0.001) was a protective factor for the survival of patients. The mean overall survival time in IOC group was 82.50 (95% CI [80.52, 84.49]) months, and 71.21 (95% CI [67.92, 74.50]) months in non-IOC group. The OS in IOC-treated patients were significantly higher than non-IOC-treated patients ( P  < 0.001, log-rank test). Further analysis revealed that IOC decreased the risk of death in patients with CRC in a non-adjusted model (HR=0.53, 95% CI [0.43, 0.65], P  < 0.001), model 2 (adjusted for age and gender, HR=0.52, 95% CI [0.43, 0.64], P  < 0.001), and model 3 (adjusted for all factors, 95% CI 0.71 [0.55, 0.90], P  = 0.006). The subgroup analysis showed that the HR for the effect of IOC on survival was lower in patients with stage II (HR = 0.46, 95% CI [0.31, 0.67]) or III disease (HR=0.59, 95% CI [0.45, 0.76]), regardless of pre-operative radiotherapy (HR=0.55, 95% CI [0.45, 0.68]) or pre-operative chemotherapy (HR=0.54, 95% CI [0.44, 0.66]).@*CONCLUSIONS@#IOC is an independent factor that influences the survival of CRC patients. It improved the OS of patients with stages II and III CRC after radical surgery.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR 2100043775.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Leucovorin/therapeutic use , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Proportional Hazards Models , Prognosis
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1496-1504, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978732

ABSTRACT

To investigate the cardioprotective effect of formononetin (FMN) on no-reflow (NR) after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion and its molecular mechanism based on integrated pharmacology and experimental verification, firstly, human breast cancer MCF-7 cells and myocardial NR rats were used to confirm the estrogenic activity and the effect of alleviating NR of FMN, respectively. Male SD rats were divided into Sham, NR, FMN (20 mg·kg-1) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 5.0 mg·kg-1) groups, which were administered once a day for one week, the experiment was approved by the Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM-LAEC2019095). The pharmacological analysis and in vivo study of NR rats were integrated to reveal the mechanism of FMN improving NR. The results showed that FMN had estrogenic effect and reduced NR by improving cardiac structure and function, reducing NR, ischemic myocardial area and pathological injury of cardiomyocytes. Integrated pharmacology predicts that the mechanism of FMN improving NR is mainly related to phosphatidyinositol-3-kinase-protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) signal pathway. Phytoestrogens play a role in cardiovascular protection mainly by activating G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). GPER is also an important regulator in the upstream of PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. This study found that FMN can significantly activate GPER, p-PI3K, p-Akt and phospho-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (p-eNOS). It has good binding ability with GPER and eNOS protein. In this study, through the integration of pharmacology and experimental evaluation, it is revealed that FMN activates PI3K/Akt/eNOS signal pathway by activating GPER, thus significantly improving NR.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 114-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970507

ABSTRACT

Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum(GGEC), the dried gizzard membrane of Gallus gallus domesticus is a Chinese medicinal material commonly used for digestion. However, due to the particularity of texture and composition, its active ingre-dients have not been clarified so far, and there is also a lack of quality evaluation indicators. In this study, UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the chemical components from the water extract of GGEC, and ten nucleosides were identified for the first time. HPLC fingerprints of the water extracts of GGEC were established and the content of seven nucleosides was determined. The fingerprint similarities of 40 batches of GGEC samples ranged from 0.765 to 0.959, indicating that there were great differences among the GGEC products processed with different methods. In addition, SPSS 22.0 and SIMCA 14.1 were used for hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA) and principal component analysis(PCA) on the 19 common peaks of the HPLC fingerprints of GGEC, and the 40 batches of samples were divided into three categories: raw GGEC, fried GGEC and vinegar-processed GGEC. Eight differential components in GGEC were marked by orthogonal partial least squares discrimination analysis(OPLS-DA), two of which were adenine and thymine. The results of content determination showed that the total content of the seven nucleosides in raw GGEC, fried GGEC and vinegar-processed GGEC were 182.5-416.8, 205.3-368.7, and 194.2-283.0 μg·g~(-1), respectively. There were significant differences in the content of hypoxanthine, thymine and thymidine among the GGEC products processed with different methods(P<0.05), which were graded in the order of fried GGEC>vinegar-processed GGEC>raw GGEC. This suggested that the content of hypoxanthine, thymine and thymidine tended to increase during the frying process, and the variation range might be related to the degree of heat exposure. The established methods in this study were simple and reproducible, and could be used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of GGEC and its processed pro-ducts. This study also provided reference for the establishment of quality standards of GGEC with chemical components as control index.


Subject(s)
Nucleosides , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Acetic Acid , Thymine , Thymidine , Water , Hypoxanthines
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 443-454, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970481

ABSTRACT

To improve the quality control methods of Poria and develop and utilize its resources fully, alkaline extraction was used in this study to determine the yield and content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides of Poria. The alkali-soluble extracts of Poria were obtained according to the optimum extraction conditions on the basis of single-factor test, and 30 batches of samples were determined. The structure and chemical composition of the alkali-soluble extracts was characterized by high-performance gel permeation chromatography(HPGPC), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry(FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone(PMP-HPLC). The results showed that the content of the alkali-soluble extracts was in the range of 46.98%-73.86%. The main component was β-(1→3)-glucan, and its molecular mass was about 1.093×10~5. Further, the content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides of Poria was measured by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and HPLC coupled with the evaporative light scattering detector(HPLC-ELSD), and 30 batches of samples were measured. The results indicated that the content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry was in the range of 73.70%-92.57%, and the content of samples from Hubei province was slightly higher than that from Yunnan province, Anhui province and Hunan province. The content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides determined by HPLC-ELSD was in the range of 51.42%-76.69%, and the samples from Hunan province had slightly higher content than that from the other three provinces. The content determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry was higher than that by HPLC-ELSD. However, the content determined by HPLC-ELSD was close to that of alkali-soluble extract, which could accurately characterize the content of alkali-soluble polysaccharides in Poria, and the method was simple and repeatable. Therefore, it is recommended that the quantitative analysis method for alkali-soluble extract and alkali-soluble polysaccharides by HPLC-ELSD be used in the quality standards of Poria in Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Subject(s)
Poria/chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , China , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Reference Standards , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
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