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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 709-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and quality of life, the association between CMD and perceived stress, and the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CMD and the improvement of quality of life in these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Data were collected by the employees' physical examination of a company in Xi'an in 2021. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association between the status of CMD (divided into three categories: no CMD, presence of one kind of CMD, and with≥2 kinds of CMD (≥2 kinds of CMD were defined as cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM)), quality of life, and perceived stress. Mediation analysis with a multi-categorical independent variable was conducted to determine the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life. Results: Among all 4 272 participants, 1 457 (34.1%) participants had one kind of CMD and 677 (15.8%) participants had CMM. The average scores for quality of life and perceived stress were (57.5±15.7) and (16.9±7.9), respectively. Compared with participants without CMD, after adjusting for demographic and lifestyle factors, no statistically significant associations were observed between one kind of CMD and perceived stress or quality of life (both P>0.05). Perceived stress did not mediate the association between one kind of CMD and quality of life. However, participants with CMM had lower quality of life and higher perceived stress than participants without CMD. The relative total effect coefficient c (95%CI) and the relative direct effect coefficient c' (95%CI) between CMM and quality of life were -3.71 (-5.04--2.37) and -2.52 (-3.81--1.24) (both P<0.05), respectively. The relative indirect effect coefficient a2b (95%CI) of perceived stress on the association between CMM and quality of life was -1.18 (-1.62--0.77) (P<0.05). The mediation effect size was 31.8%. Conclusions: CMM is negatively associated with quality of life and positively associated with perceived stress. Perceived stress partially mediates the association between CMM and quality of life. Our results suggest that, in addition to preventing and treating CMM actively, efforts should be taken to relieve the perceived stress of people with CMM to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Stress, Psychological
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 232-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965838

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveUsing multi-omics technology, we conducted the present study to determine whether dexamethasone has therapeutic effect on pneumonia rats through the regulation of intestinal flora and metabolites. MethodsTotally 18 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 6 each): Control group, Model group and Dexamethasone (Dex) group. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was continuously injected intraperitoneally into rats at a dose of 4 mg/kg for 7 days to induce pneumonia except the Control group. Then the Dex group was given Dex at a dose of 2 mg/kg via oral gavage for 12 days, and both the other two groups received continuously equal volume of sterile PBS buffer for 12 days. On the 19th day, lung, plasma, feces and intestinal contents of rat were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining and Bio-plex suspension chip system were applied to evaluate the effect of Dex on pneumonia. Furthermore, metagenomic sequencing and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS technology were employed to determine the intestinal flora and metabolites of rats, respectively. ResultsH&E staining results showed that the lung tissue of the Model group was infiltrated with inflammatory cells, the alveolar septum was increased, alveolar hemorrhage, and histological lesions were less severe in Dex group than in the model group. The levels of 3 inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α (P < 0.000 1), IL-1α (P = 0.009 6) and IL-6 (P < 0.000 1) in the Model group were increased compared with the Control group, while Dex treatment reduced the levels of the three inflammatory factors. Taken together, Dex treatment effectively reversed the features of pneumonia in rats. Metagenomic analysis revealed that the intestinal flora structure of the three groups of rats was changed. In contrast with the Model group, an increasing level of the Firmicutes and an elevated proportion of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes were observed after Dex treatment. Dex-treated rats possessed notably enrichment of Bifidobacterium, Lachnospiraceae and Lactobacillus. Multivariate statistical analysis showed a great separation between Model group and Dex group, indicating metabolic profile changes. In addition, 69 metabolites (P < 0.05) were screened, including 38 up-regulated in the Model group and 31 elevated in the Dex group, all of which were mainly involved in 3 metabolic pathways: linoleic acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism and primary bile acid biosynthesis. ConclusionsIn summary, we demonstrate the beneficial effects of Dex on the symptoms of pneumonia. Meanwhile, integrated microbiome-metabolome analysis reveals that Dex improves LPS-induced pneumonia in rats through regulating intestinal flora and host metabolites. This study may provide new insights into the mechanism of Dex treatment of pneumonia in rats.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 447-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965711

ABSTRACT

An open reading frame (ORF) of isopentenyl-diphosphate delta isomerase gene (FuIPI) was cloned from Fritillaria unibracteata Hsiao et K. C. Hsia. (F. unibracteata). Furthermore, the bioinformatics and functional analyses of FuIPI were performed in this study. The result showed that, the ORF of FuIPI gene was 825 bp, encoding a polypeptide of 274 amino acids in length, with a relative molecular mass of about 31 kD and a theoretical isoelectric point of 5.61. Sequence analysis showed that FuIPI contained conserved structural domains and key residues involved in the catalyzing process. The phylogenetic analysis exhibited that FuIPI was closely related to IPIs of Dendrobium officinale and Musa acuminate. Real-time PCR analysis showed that FuIPI was distributed in different tissues of F. unibracteata, but had the highest transcriptional level in leaves, followed by stems, bulbs, and flowers. Furthermore, the FuIPI protein was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The purified FuIPI protein successfully catalyzed the conversion from isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) to dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP). The above results provided a theoretical basis for further investigation of the molecular role of FuIPI in the biosynthesis of alkaloids.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 641-647, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the hierarchical management of polypharmacy in elderly patients in China. METHODS The formulation and development process of drug hierarchical management system FORTA (fit for the aged) for elderly patients was introduced. The treatment drugs for common cardiovascular system diseases and neuropsychiatric diseases in elderly patients were taken as examples, the disease types, drug types and drug hierarchy in Germany-FORTA, the U.S.-FORTA and Japan-FORTA were compared. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS FORTA system was the first drug hierarchical system that combined positive and negative labels, formed through two rounds of Delphi method and covered a variety of diseases and drug items. The cardiovascular system diseases covered by the FORTA list mainly included acute coronary syndrome, chronic therapy following myocardial infarction, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, stroke, etc. For acute coronary syndrome, chronic therapy following myocardial infarction and stroke, the related drugs were mostly class A, and the differences between those FORTA lists were minimal. The hierarchy of drugs used to treat other diseases was various. The neuropsychiatric diseases covered by the FORTA list included dementia, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, insomnia/sleep disorder, depression and bipolar disorder, etc., and the drug’s hierarchy was mostly labelled with negative, mostly class C and class D, and only levodopa to treat Parkinson’s disease was class A. The hierarchy of antiepileptic drugs and drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorder (except lithium) was relatively uniform in three FORTA lists, while the hierarchy of other drugs was different. Compared with the FORTA system in the U.S. and Japan, the Germany-FORTA system updated the drug types and clinical evidence, optimized the hierarchy of diseases and drugs, and may be stricter in some drug hierarchies. The drugs with uniform hierarchy in those FORTA lists may have a wide application range,and our country can combine the above content with clinical practice to formulate a drug hierarchical management system for elderly patients to optimize the drug selection of elderly patients and improve their clinical outcomes.

5.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 88-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965347

ABSTRACT

@#Chondroitin sulfate is an important component of extracellular matrix (ECM) in animal and human body. In recent years, chondroitin sulfate has been proven to have potential efficacy in biomedical application and has been widely used in bone regeneration and osteogenesis, especially in craniofacial reconstruction and dental medicine. Research shows that chondroitin sulfate derivatives and chondroitin sulfate composite scaffolds have great potential in promoting osteogenesis and biomineralization. However, due to the variety of chondroitin sulfate and various application forms, study on its mechanism of osteogenic repair is still insufficient. In this paper, biological characteristics, bone regeneration and osteogenesis of chondroitin sulfate, its application in different biomaterial design and future prospect are discussed.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 992-996, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985510

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on the clinical outcomes of patients infected with the Omicron variant. Methods: A total of 1 403 Omicron-infected patients admitted to 20 designated hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 1 to May 31, 2022, were selected as subjects in this study. A case-control study was conducted to collect the demographic data, underlying disease, vaccination status, last exposure date, gene sequencing of infected strains and clinical outcomes from the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System and Guangdong telemedicine platform. Pneumonia (common, severe and critical) and non-pneumonia (asymptomatic and mild) were selected as the case group and control group. The effect of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on the clinical outcomes of patients infected with the Omicron variant was analyzed. Results: The median age [M (Q1, Q3)] of the subjects was 36 (27-47) years old, with males accounting for 52.25% (733 cases). The main outcome of the infection was non-pneumonia, accounting for 92.09% (1 292 cases), and the duration [M (Q1, Q3)] of the disease was 18 (14-22) days. There were 134 (9.55%), 39 (2.78%), 403 (28.72%), 437 (31.15%) and 390 (27.80%) cases with no or partial vaccination, within 90 days of primary vaccination, over 90 days of primary vaccination, within 90 days of booster vaccination and over 90 days of booster vaccination, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, age, underlying disease, and location of the report, compared with those with no or partial vaccination, the risk of developing pneumonia was lower in those with over 90 days of primary vaccination, within 90 days of booster vaccination and over 90 days of booster vaccination [OR (95%CI) values were 0.52 (0.28-0.98), 0.39 (0.21-0.73) and 0.40 (0.21-0.77), respectively]. Cox proportional hazard regression model analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, age, underlying disease and location of the report, the duration of the disease was shorter in those who received booster vaccinated for more than 90 days compared with that in those who had no or partial vaccination [HR (95%CI): 1.26 (1.03-1.55)]. Conclusion: The inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine affects the clinical outcomes of patients infected with the Omicron variant.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 149-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971288

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the implications of the prognostic nutrition index (PNI) in non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients treated with surgery and to compare it with other hematological biomarkers, including neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immune inflammation index (SII).@*METHODS@#A cohort of 328 non-metastatic RCC patients who received surgical treatment between 2010 and 2012 at Peking University First Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cutoff values of the hematological biomarkers. The Youden index was maximum for PNI was value of 47.3. So we divided the patients into two groups (PNI≤ 47. 3 and >47. 3) for further analysis. Categorical variables [age, gender, body mass index (BMI), surgery type, histological subtype, necrosis, pathological T stage and tumor grade] were compared using the Chi-square test and Student' s t test. The association of the biomarkers with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methods with log-rank test, followed by multivariate Cox proportional hazards model.@*RESULTS@#According to the maximum Youden index of ROC curve, the best cut-off value of PNI is 47. 3. Low level of PNI was significantly associated with older age, lower BMI and higher tumor pathological T stage (P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis showed that lower PNI was significantly correlated with poor OS and DFS (P < 0.05). In addition, older age, lower BMI, tumor necrosis, higher tumor pathological T stage and Fuhrman grade were significantly correlated with poor OS (P < 0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that among the four hematological indexes, only PNI was an independent factor significantly associated with OS, whether as a continuous variable (HR=0.9, 95%CI=0.828-0.978, P=0.013) or a classified variable (HR=2.397, 95%CI=1.061-5.418, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSION@#Low PNI was a significant predictor for advanced pathological T stage, decreased OS, or DFS in non-metastatic RCC patients treated with surgery. In addition, PNI was superior to the other hematological biomar-kers as a useful tool for predicting prognosis of RCC in our study. It should be externally validated in future research before the PNI can be used widely as a predictor of RCC patients undergoing nephrectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Nutrition Assessment , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of three-dimensional (3D) imaging device to colonoscopy.Methods:A total of 60 patients who underwent painless colonoscopy in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from November to December, 2019 were enrolled and divided into 2 groups according to random code. Each patient underwent colonoscopy twice, while 2D colonoscopy was used for cecal intubation. Thirty patients were assigned to the experimental group (primary withdrawal used 3D colonoscopy, and secondary withdrawal used 2D colonoscopy), and 30 others to the control group (primary withdrawal used 2D colonoscopy, and secondary withdrawal used 3D colonoscopy). The detection of polyps, the withdrawal time, operating experience, image quality and complication were evaluated in the two groups.Results:The polyp detection rate at the first colonoscopy in the experimental group was 77.3% (17/22), which was higher than 43.5% (10/23) in the control group ( χ2=5.351, P=0.021). Ten operators in the experimental group had dizziness, while the operators in the control group had no dizziness ( P=0.001). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the polyp diameter [0.50 (0.70) cm VS 0.30 (0.20) cm, U=57.000, P=0.170], withdrawal time (4.6±1.5 min VS 5.2±1.9 min, t=-1.189, P=0.239) or image quality (27 cases with 3 points in the identification of lesion nature, and 28 cases with 3 points in the identification of duct both in the two groups, P=1.000) at the first colonoscopy. No complication occurred in either group. Conclusion:Application of 3D imaging device is feasible for colonoscopic polyp detection, and it can be used in clinical practice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 85-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the extent and progression of coronary artery calcification in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, and to explore the risk factors of rapid progression of coronary artery calcification in MHD patients.Methods:The patients who underwent MHD in the Huashan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017 were enrolled. This study included cross-sectional study and prospective cohort study. Multi-slice spiral computed tomography was used to measure coronary artery calcification, and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was calculated. In the cross-sectional study, 62 MHD patients were enrolled. According to baseline CACS, the patients were divided into low calcification group (CACS < 100) and high calcification group (CACS ≥ 100). The nutritional and bone mineral metabolism indexes were compared between the two groups. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between CACS and muscle mass and laboratory indicators. Since 6 patients were lost to follow-up, 56 MHD patients who were followed-up regularly were enrolled in the prospective cohort study. According to the progression of CACS, the patients were divided into slow progression group (ΔCACS/year < 100) and rapid progression group (ΔCACS/year ≥ 100). Logistic regression equation was used to analyze the risk factors of coronary calcification progression. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test and receiver operating characteristic curve were used to evaluate the performance of multivariate logistic regression model.Results:In the cross-sectional study, the age of 62 patients was (62.34±10.82) years old, and the median dialysis age was 78 (39,139) months. Among the 33 male patients, compared with the low calcification group ( n=7), the high calcification group ( n=26) had older age ( t=-2.281, P=0.030) and higher blood triglyceride ( Z=-1.985, P=0.047), and there was no statistically significant difference in muscle mass between the two groups; among the 29 female patients, the muscle mass/height 2 ( t=-2.600, P=0.015) and serum calcium ( t=-2.641, P=0.014) in the high calcification group ( n=15) were both higher than those in the low calcification group ( n=14), and the hemoglobin level was lower ( t=2.531, P=0.018), and the difference in muscle mass between the two groups was not statistically significant. High sensitivity C-reactive protein ( β=0.425, P=0.022) was independently correlated with CACS in male patients, and muscle mass/extracellular water ( β=-0.580, P=0.001) was independently correlated with CACS in female patients. In the prospective cohort study, the age of 56 patients was (59.82±11.14) years old, and the median dialysis age was 82 (40, 146) months. There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between slow progression group ( n=22) and rapid progression group ( n=34), but the proportion of cardiovascular events in rapid progression group was significantly higher than that in slow progression group ( P=0.017). Compared with the slow progression group, the rapid progression group had higher proportion of males ( χ2=4.791, P=0.029), older age ( Z=-2.131, P=0.038), lower baseline muscle mass/extracellular water ( Z=2.482, P=0.016) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( t=2.133, P=0.042), and faster rate of muscle mass loss (Δmuscle mass·height -2·year -1) ( Z=-2.282, P=0.023). Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that muscle mass loss ( OR=0.089, 95% CI 0.010-0.792, P=0.030) and baseline CACS ( OR=1.003, 95% CI 1.000-1.005, P=0.021) were influencing factors for progression of coronary artery calcification in MHD patients. Conclusion:Increasing baseline CACS and rapid reduction in muscle mass are risk factors for the progression of coronary artery calcification in MHD patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 19-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between cognitive impairment and cortical atrophy in elderly patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS).Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 40 consecutive elderly patients with ACAS treated in the Department of Neurology, Northern Jiangsu People′s Hospital from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 (ACAS group), and 40 elderly healthy controls who accepted physical examination during the same period (control group) were included. Cognitive assessment was performed using the Mental State Examination Scale (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), and brain magnetic resonance imaging scanning was performed in the ACAS group. The artificial intelligence technique was applied for brain lobe segmentation and cortical volume calculation. The χ2-test, independent sample t-test and Wilcoxon non-parametric test were used to analyze the difference of clinical data and cognitive scores between the two groups. In the ACAS group, the cortical volumes of the side with carotid stenosis was compared with that of the normal side, and Spearman′s correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between cognitive scores and cortical atrophy. Results:Compared with the control group, the ACAS group got significantly lower scores of MMSE and MoCA, as well as lower scores of visuospatial executive function, attention and calculation, language function, abstraction ability and delayed recall [(25.60±2.49) vs (27.18±1.01), (22.05±3.59) vs (25.60±1.43), (2.73±1.04) vs (4.08±0.62), (4.53±0.93) vs (5.03±0.66), 2.00 (0.00) vs 3.00 (0.00), 1.00 (1.00) vs 2.00 (0.00), and (2.95±0.96) vs (3.35±0.62)] (all P<0.05). There was not significant differences in naming and orientation ability between the two groups (both P>0.05). The volume of cortical, temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe and insular lobe on the side with carotid stenosis in the ACAS group were significantly smaller than those on the normal side [186.23 (177.97, 202.53) vs 194.67 (185.65, 204.82) cm 3, 54.74 (50.66, 56.95) vs 55.61 (51.24, 58.49) cm 3, 72.98 (70.76, 78.34) vs 75.27 (72.34, 80.66) cm 3, 53.66 (51.11, 57.86) vs 56.59 (52.80, 60.09) cm 3, 6.57 (6.35, 7.07) vs 6.72 (6.46, 7.34) cm 3] (all P<0.05). The MoCA score in the ACAS group was positively related to the cortical volume ratio of the two sides ( r=0.427, P<0.01). The attention ( r=0.353) and abstraction ( r=0.226) ability scores were positively correlated with the temporal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (both P<0.05). The visuospatial executive ( r=0.187) and language ( r=0.373) ability scores were positively correlated with frontal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (both P<0.05), and visuospatial executive ( r=0.386), naming ( r=0.344), language ( r=0.517), abstraction ( r=0.335) and delayed recall ( r=0.333) ability scores were positively correlated with parietal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (all P<0.05). Conclusion:In elderly patients with ACAS, the cognitive impairment and cortical atrophy on the sides with carotid stenosis are significant and a positive correlation is detected between them.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 353-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the applicability of bone age (BA) assessment methods and to investigate the difference between BA and chronological age (CA) based on the data of children in rural areas of Beijing.Methods:A total of 412 healthy children (226 boys, 186 girls) with the age 8.6 (6.8, 10.3) years old were included in this study. The data of the prospective study were from a subgroup of the project "National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for 0-18 Years Old Children in China", which included children with age of 3-12 years old in Beijing rural areas. The non-dominant hand-wrist radiographs of all participants were obtained in April 2021. The Dr.Wise BA detection and analysis system was used to assess the BA according to the Tanner Whitehouse 3 (TW3) radius-ulna-short bone score (TW3-RUS), TW3 carpal bone score (TW3-Carpal), China-05 TW3-Chinese RUS (TW3-C RUS), China-05 TW3-Chinese carpal (TW3-C Carpal), and Greulich-Pyle (G-P) standards. The cases were stratified by the sex and different CA in the statistical analysis. The estimated BA obtained using different methods were compared with the CA using Wilcoxon signed ranks test.Results:The sex-stratified results showed that no significant difference was found between the estimated BA using G-P standards and CA in boys ( Z=-0.694, P=0.488), while all the other estimated BA results were statistically significantly higher than CA ( P<0.05). Stratified by both sex and CA, the estimated BA using G-P standards in 4-6 years old boy groups, as well as the estimated BA using TW3-Carpal and TW3-C Carpal standards in 11-12 years old girl groups were lower than CA, while in the other groups, the estimated BA were higher than CA. Conclusions:There were varying degrees of deviations in the BA estimations using TW3, China 05, and G-P methods for children in rural areas of Beijing. It is imperative to establish a new standard for the BA evaluation of the contemporary Chinese children.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 348-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the sampling study design and radiography protocol of a large-sample investigation on skeletal maturation of 3 to 18-year-old children in China.Methods:Multi-stage stratified random sampling was employed in this study. Two provinces, municipalities, or autonomous regions were randomly selected from each of the seven regions of China, including Northeast China, Northwest China, North China, Central China, East China, Southwest China, and South China. Then one rural and one urban investigation site were randomly selected from each province, municipality, or autonomous region. In total 28 sites were included. Among those sites, four residential districts were randomly selected from each urban site, and four townships from each rural site. For each residential district or township, 1-4 kindergartens, primary schools, and middle schools were chosen. Random cluster sampling was used to extract 3-<6-year-old children in kindergartens, and 6-18-year-old children in primary schools and middle schools. The investigation on skeletal maturation was sampled proportionate to the sampling of the whole study. The estimated simple size was 780 for each site, and 21 840 for all 28 sites in total. There were six groups of 3-<6-year-old children classified at 0.5-year intervals, and 12 groups of 6-18-year-old children classified at 1-year intervals. Posteroanterior position radiography of the left hand and wrist was achieved for all subjects.Results:The study was performed from August 26, 2019 to October 16, 2021. In total, 20 444 children received posteroanterior position radiography of the left hand and wrist, including 10 196 males and 10 248 females, 9 711 urban and 10 733 rural, respectively. The 3-<6-year-old group included 1 611 (male 819, female 792) subjects, and the 6 to 18-year-old group included 18 833 (male 9 377, female 9 456) subjects.Conclusion:This nationwide investigation on skeletal maturation of 3 to 18-year-old children in seven regions of China was successfully preformed. The results of this study can provide an important reference for establishing the current evaluation criteria of bone age in Chinese children and adolescents.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 86-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare liquid-gas phase modified nanoparticles (TMZ/PFP/PLGA NPs) of perfluoropentane (PFP) and temozolomide (TMZ) encapsulated by polylactic-glycolic acid copolymer (PLGA), combined with low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) irradiation, and to investigate its ultrasound imaging ability and intervention effect on human glioma cells in vitro.Methods:TMZ/PFP/PLGA NPs were prepared by compound emulsion method. The basic physical and chemical properties and drug loading ability of TMZ/PFP/PLGA NPs were detected. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cytotoxicity of nanoparticles in vitro and the effect of synergistic intervention with LIFU on the survival rate of glioma cells. The expression levels of apoptosis related proteins Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 were detected by Western blot.Results:Under transmission electron microscope, TMZ/PFP/PLGA NPs showed a circular core-shell structure with regular morphology, particle size was (137.9±63.31)nm, encapsulation efficiency of TMZ was (83.01±5.57)%, drug loading was (3.19±0.22)%. The survival rate of U251 cells was still above 70% after 24 hours of co-incubation with nanoparticles. Under the synergistic effect of LIFU irradiation, the apoptosis of U251 cells was accelerated and the survival rate of U251 cells was significantly decreased. The results of Western blot showed that the synergic intervention could significantly down-regulate the expression of apoptosis related protein Bcl-2, and significantly up-regulate the expression of Bax protein and caspase-3 protein (all P<0.05). Conclusions:TMZ/PFP/PLGA NPs have good basic physical and chemical properties. TMZ/PFP/PLGA NPs have low cytotoxicity in vitro while efficiently loading chemotherapeutic drug timozolomide. Synergistic intervention under LIFU irradiation can significantly accelerate the apoptosis of U251 glioma cells, which has a good application prospect.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1051-1054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of laparoscopic surgery skills training course in the standardized residency training of surgery.Methods:A total of 40 standardized trainees of surgical residents rotating in general surgery were selected as the research objects, and randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group. The experimental group was offered laparoscopic surgery skills training course. The course content includes theoretical teaching module, simulated teaching module, virtual teaching module and clinical surgery practice teaching module. The control group was taught by traditional theory teaching and clinical surgery practice teaching. At the end of the courses, the two groups of students were assessed for their skills in laparoscopic grasping and pass, suture and knotting. At the same time, a questionnaire survey was conducted among the students and teachers. The t-test was performed using SPSS 22.0 statistical software. Results:The theoretical scores of the experimental and control groups were (67.90±13.24) and (69.70±13.46), respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( P > 0.05). After the courses, the performance of grasping and pass, suture and knotting of the experimental group (15.25±3.24 and 5.45±2.14) was higher than that of the control group (11.25±2.12 and 2.75±1.16), and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.01).The questionnaire survey showed that the proportion of "better" feedback from students and teachers on laparoscopic skills training courses was significantly higher than that of "general" and "poor". Conclusion:The laparoscopic surgery skills training course can improve the laparoscopic surgery skills of the trainees in the standardized residency training of surgery, shorten the learning curve, and make the training standardized and homogeneous. It is worthy of wide promotion and application in the standardized training base.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 16-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991241

ABSTRACT

This paper, taking the City of Hope National Medical Center as an example, introduces the application and admission of biomedical science doctors in the USA, analyzes the curriculum system and teaching patterns, elaborates the requirement of degree awarding, and compares the differences in postgraduate training system between China and the USA, thereby providing valuable experience and reference for training biomedical science postgraduate students with Chinese characteristics in the domestic universities.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1681-1688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Satir model group intervention on stress coping style, self-consistency and congruence and subjective well-being of re-employment nurses, in order to provide evidence for nursing managers to take targeted intervention measures.Methods:This was a quasi-experimental study. Convenience sampling was used to select 63 re-employment nurses from Shandong Provincial Third Hospital in 2021 as the research objects. The re-employment nurses were divided into control group (32 cases) and observation group (31 cases) by random number table method. The control group received humanistic care including heart-to-heart talk, group discussion and psychological lecture, and the observation group received Satir model group intervention for 6 weeks. Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Self Consistency and Congruence Scale and General Well-Being Scale were used to evaluate the intervention effect before intervention, immediately after intervention, 3 months after intervention, and 6 months after intervention.Results:There was no significant difference in coping style, self-consistency and congruence and subjective well-being between the two groups before intervention ( P>0.05). The positive coping scores of the observation group immediately after intervention, 3 months after intervention and 6 months after intervention were (28.94 ± 2.99), (28.71 ± 4.70) and (29.16 ± 3.23) points, significantly higher than the control group (23.38 ± 5.50), (24.72 ± 5.91), (24.65 ± 5.65) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.96, 2.96, 3.87, all P<0.01); the total self-consistency and congruence scores were (94.52 ± 14.00), (99.87 ± 16.82), (91.84 ± 10.36) points, significantly lower than the control group (105.72 ± 10.75), (114.23 ± 20.10), (107.41 ± 13.39) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.57, -3.07, -5.15, all P<0.01); the total subjective well-being scores were (84.97 ± 7.37), (84.58 ± 10.33), (91.84 ± 7.01) points, which were higher than the control group (75.69 ± 7.94), (77.28 ± 8.27), (77.00 ± 8.48) points, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.80, 3.69, 7.56, all P<0.01). Conclusions:Satir model group intervention can improve the coping style, enhance the level of self-consistency and congruence and subjective well-being among re-employment nurses.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1314-1320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the early graded rehabilitation nursing model suitable for postoperative children with congenital heart disease, providing reference for related research and clinical practice.Methods:Searched databases like JBI, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, CNKI, Wanfang Data and related websites for information on postoperative rehabilitation of children with congenital heart disease. We improved the first draft model with qualitative interview results and used Delphi method to conduct two rounds of consultation for 16 experts from 6 provinces and cities to further test the scientific and feasibility of the model.Results:The early graded rehabilitation nursing model for postoperative children with congenital heart disease includes 4 first-level items, 15 second-level items and 48 third-level items. The 4 first-level items are the evaluation of the early graded rehabilitation nursing model, the grading standard of the early graded rehabilitation nursing model, the implementation of the early graded rehabilitation nursing model, the effect evaluation and health education. Experts′ response rates were 100% in the 2 rounds, experts′ authority coefficient were 0.82 and 0.84 respectively, and the Kendall′ s W rank-order correlation coefficients of all levels of indicators were 0.188-0.246, 0.223-0.287 (all P<0.01). Conclusions:The improved early graded rehabilitation nursing model for postoperative children with congenital heart disease is scientific, pertinence and safe, which can provide guidance for clinical rehabilitation nursing practice.

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Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2003-2009, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988806

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo present the health status of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitutions more intuitively and comprehensively based on improved radar chart. MethodsParticipants who completed a 26-week comprehensive intervention based on TCM constitution from February 2013 to January 2014 in Zhuhai branch of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine were included in the study. They were divided into groups according to gender and age, i.e. young, middle-aged, and elderly male and female groups. TCM constitution scale and health survey short form (SF-36) were used to evaluate the 9 basic TCM constitution types and quality of life at three time points, including pre-intervention (T1), at 13-week intervention (T2), and at 26-week intervention (T3). The improved radar charts were drawn to visually present the comprehensive evaluation results on the health status of 9 TCM constitutions, and graphic features (area S value, perimeter L value) were extracted to construct a comprehensive health index for TCM constitutions (H value). Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between H value and SF-36 total score. ResultsAmong the included 509 participants, there were 45 elderly male, 76 elderly female, 60 middle-aged male, 140 middle-aged female, 53 young male and 135 young female. The radar charts for comprehensive evaluation of TCM constitution health status showed that the total areas for all groups increased at T3 compared to T1, with the most significant increase in the young population. In the middle-aged population, the fan-shaped areas of certain constitutions decreased at T2 than T1. At T3, the radar chart shapes for females were more balanced than males in the same age group. By calculating the features of function graphs, it was found that the S, L, and H values for the elderly population were relatively higher than those for the middle-aged and young population with the same gender, and the young population increased by highest ratio. The values measured at T3 compared to T1 showed average increase of 26% for S value (11% for the middle-aged and 14% for the elderly), 22% for L value (10% for the middle-aged and the elderly each), and 22% for H value (10% for the middle-aged and 9% for the elderly). The female had lower S and L values, as well as higher H value than the male of the same age group measured at T3. The correlation coefficient between the H value of all participants and the total SF-36 score was 0.662 (P<0.01). ConclusionThe comprehensive evaluation model for the health status of TCM constitution based on the improved radar chart constructed in this study can present the health status of TCM constitutions and intervention effectiveness more comprehensively and intuitively. It is suggested to regulate the constitution in pursuit of the dynamic balance of the constitution health status, as well as consider the parts from the whole, and put focus on the balance of nine TCM constitutions.

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Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 868-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986999

ABSTRACT

We report a case of functional parathyroid cyst treated by ultrasound-guided anhydrous ethanol sclerotherapy and microwave ablation. The 63-year-old female patient was diagnosed to have functional parathyroid cyst with hypercalcemia, high PTH and cystic space-occupying lesions in the neck by ultrasound, radionuclide scanning and PTH measurement of the cystic fluid. The patient refused to receive cyst resection, and anhydrous ethanol sclerotherapy with microwave ablation was performed under ultrasound guidance. The procedure was completed smoothly without any complications either during or after the operation. Follow-up examination of the patient at 18 months after the operation showed a significant reduction of the mass and normal blood calcium and iPTH levels, demonstrating a clinical cure of the patient. Ablative treatment of functional parathyroid cyst has not been documented so far. This approach provides a minimally invasive treatment modality for such cases where surgical resection is not an option, but its efficacy and safety need to be evaluated in more cases with longer follow-up time.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Microwaves/therapeutic use , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Cysts , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Ultrasonography, Interventional
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 727-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with blood eosinophil count in healthy population and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).@*METHODS@#We analyzed the data of a total 6163 healthy individuals undergoing routine physical examination in our hospital between October, 2017 and December, 2021, who were divided according to their serum 25(OH)D level into severe vitamin D deficiency group (< 10 ng/mL), deficiency group (< 20 ng/mL), insufficient group (< 30 ng/mL) and normal group (≥30 ng/mL). We also retrospectively collected the data of 67 COPD patients admitted in our department from April and June, 2021, with 67 healthy individuals undergoing physical examination in the same period as the control group. Routine blood test results, body mass index (BMI) and other parameters were obtained from all the subjects, and logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between 25(OH)D levels and eosinophil count.@*RESULTS@#The overall abnormal rate of 25(OH)D level (< 30 ng/mL) in the healthy individuals was 85.31%, and the rate was significantly higher in women (89.29%) than in men. Serum 25(OH)D levels in June, July, and August were significantly higher than those in December, January, and February. In the healthy individuals, blood eosinophil counts were the lowest in severe 25(OH)D deficiency group, followed by the deficiency group and insufficient group, and were the highest in the normal group (P < 0.05). Multivariable regression analysis showed that an older age, a higher BMI, and elevated vitamin D levels were all risk factors for elevated blood eosinophils in the healthy individuals. The patients with COPD had lower serum 25(OH)D levels than the healthy individuals (19.66±7.87 vs 26.39±9.28 ng/mL) and a significantly higher abnormal rate of serum 25(OH)D (91% vs 71%; P < 0.05). A reduced serum 25(OH)D level was a risk factor for COPD. Blood eosinophils, sex and BMI were not significantly correlated with serum 25(OH)D level in patients with COPD.@*CONCLUSION@#Vitamin D deficiency is common in both healthy individuals and COPD patients, and the correlations of vitamin D level with sex, BMI and blood eosinophils differ obviously between healthy individuals and COPD patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Eosinophils , Retrospective Studies , Leukocyte Count , Body Mass Index , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
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