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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 503-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the situation and influencing factors of school meals leftover among primary and secondary school students in the area of the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students, improve the quality of school meals, develop healthy dietary behavior, and reduce food waste. Methods: In 2019, among the 50 monitoring counties that implemented the Compulsory Education Student Nutrition Improvement Program, two primary schools and two junior schools were randomly selected according to different food supply patterns.This study randomly selected one or two classes from grade 3 to grade 9. Basic information and school meals of 26 778 students were collected by using a student questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of leftovers rate. Results: 54.93% (14 709) of students wasted school meals, in which the highest rate was the staple food, with the main reason as "not in favor". 11.87% (1 743) of the students wasted school meals 6-7 days a week, with 54.20% (7 957) of students wasted but in less amount. The leftover rate of staple food was the highest (29.78%), followed by vegetables and meat. The main reason of leftovers was that they didn't like this kind of food (33.52%). The rate of school meal waste was higher for girls (OR=1.19,95%CI:1.13-1.25), junior high school students (OR=1.17, 95%CI: 1.11-1.25), resident students (OR=1.06, 95%CI: 1.00-1.12), lower economic level (OR=1.06, 95%CI: 1.00-1.12), parents working outside their houses (OR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.13-1.30), health education classes (OR=1.70, 95%CI: 1.40-2.06), company-based meals (OR=1.89, 95%CI: 1.71-2.07) and school meals were not as good as home food(OR=1.89, 95%CI: 1.78-2.00)(P<0.05). Conclusions: It is common for poor rural primary and middle school students in central and western China to waste school meals, and the reasons were affected by many factors. Reducing food waste requires the joint efforts of individuals, families, schools and society.


Subject(s)
Female , Food Services , Humans , Meals , Refuse Disposal , Schools , Students
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 496-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935417

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze anemia prevalence and its influencing factors of students involved in the Nutritional Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students in 2019. Methods: From the 2019 surveillance system of the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students, 47 297 primary and middle school students aged 6-17 were included in the study. Hemoglobin level was tested according to the criteria of WHO 2011. Anemia prevalence of different genders, ages, and regions was analyzed. Results: The average hemoglobin level was 135.19 g/L, with the prevalence of anemia as 8.7% in the children aged 6-17. The prevalence of anemia was 10.0% in girls, higher than that in boys (7.4%). The prevalence rates in western and central areas were 9.8% and 7.1%, respectively. From northwest, southwest, central and south, east, north to northeast areas of China, the anemia rate appeared gradually decreasing (10.2%, 9.7%, 8.3%, 7.5%, 5.7% and 3.5%). The anemia prevalence rates were 8.0%, 8.3%, and 10.9% in children from the 6-, 11-, and 14-17 years age groups, respectively. Logistic regression models revealed that students from schools not using catering software (OR=1.482, 95%CI:1.296-1.694,P<0.001), schools not serving lunch (OR=1.241, 95%CI:1.103-1.395,P<0.001), and from relatively low-income families (OR=1.297, 95%CI:1.211-1.389, P<0.001) showed as risk factors for anemia. After supplementing students' dietary factors, the results showed that students who ate meat three or more times a week had a lower risk of anemia (OR=0.907, 95%CI:0.832-0.989, P=0.026). Conclusions: The Nutritional Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students had an essential impact on improving the anemia prevalence of primary and middle school students. Family income, school location, economic factors, school feeding, and students' diet programs all impacted the prevalence of anemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia/epidemiology , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Hemoglobins , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Rural Population , Students
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 488-495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935416

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the growth retardation among primary and secondary school students in areas covered by the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students and its influencing factors to provide evidence for improving the nutrition status of rural students in China. Methods: The multi-stage cluster random sampling method selected 1 550 969 primary and secondary school students aged 6-15 years from China's central and western regions. The ratio of male and female students was balanced. The height was measured, and the growth retardation of students was determined according to the Screening Criteria for School-age Children and Adolescents malnutrition (WS/T 456-2014), from the school and county questionnaire survey related factors. The number of cases and percentages described the growth retardation of students, and the χ2 test was used for comparison between groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze students' growth retardation factors. Results: In 2019, the growth retardation rate of primary and secondary school students in areas covered by the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students was 5.7% (88 631/1 550 969), the growth retardation rate in the western part (7.1%, 66 167/927 954) was higher than that in the central part (3.7%,19 511/533 973) with difference statistically significant (P<0.001). The growth retardation rate of the boys (6.3%,50 665/803 851) were higher than that of girls (5.1%, 37 966/747 118), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The growth retardation rate of primary school students in central China was 3.9%(14 914/380 598), higher than that of junior middle school students (3.0%,4 597/153 375, P<0.001). In contrast, the growth retardation rate of the western junior high school students (7.2%, 21 494/297 217) were higher than that of elementary school students (7.1%, 44 673/630 737), with a difference statistically significant (all P=0.009). Multi-factor logistic regression results showed that, in high income area (OR=0.829, 95%CI: 0.816-0.842, P<0.001), parents providing part of the meal cost (OR=0.948, 95%CI: 0.931-0.965, P<0.001), enterprises providing meals (OR=0.845, 95%CI: 0.805-0.887, P<0.001), schools providing milk (OR=0.780, 95%CI: 0.767-0.793, P<0.001), health education courses (OR=0.702, 95%CI: 0.682-0.723, P<0.001) and other local nutrition improvement efforts (OR=0.739, 95%CI: 0.720-0.758, P<0.001) were negatively correlated with the occurrence of growth retardation, The growth retardation rate of the students was lower. Conclusions: There appeared significant regional, gender, and age differences in the growth retardation rate of primary and middle school students in areas covered by the Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students. Appropriate food supply in schools, health education courses, and parental participation in nutritional improvement was related to children's lower growth retardation rate.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China/epidemiology , Female , Growth Disorders , Humans , Male , Nutritional Status , Rural Population , Schools , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 466-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935413

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is still ongoing in the world, the risk of COVID-19 spread from other countries or in the country will exist for a long term in China. In the routine prevention and control phase, a number of local COVID-19 epidemics have occurred in China, most COVID-19 cases were sporadic ones, but a few case clusters or outbreaks were reported. Winter and spring were the seasons with high incidences of the epidemics; border and port cities had higher risk for outbreaks. Active surveillance in key populations was an effective way for the early detection of the epidemics. Through a series of comprehensive prevention and control measures, including mass nucleic acid screening, close contact tracing and isolation, classified management of areas and groups at risk, wider social distancing and strict travel management, the local COVID-19 epidemics have been quickly and effectively controlled. The experiences obtained in the control of the local epidemics would benefit the routine prevention and control of COVID-19 in China. The occurrence of a series of COVID-19 case clusters or outbreaks has revealed the weakness or deficiencies in the COVID-19 prevention and control in China, so this paper suggests some measures for the improvement of the future prevention and control of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Contact Tracing , Epidemics/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935327

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its associated factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 385 RA patients [including 72 (18.7%) male and 313 (81.3%) female] who received abdominal sonographic examination from August 2015 to May 2021 at Department of Rheumatology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. There were 28 RA patients at 16-29 years old and 32, 80, 121, 99, 25 at 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, ≥ 70 years old, respectively. Demographic and clinical data were collected including age, gender, history of alcohol consumption, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, RA disease activity indicators and previous medications. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify the associated factors of NAFLD in RA patients. Results: The prevalence of NAFLD was 24.2% (93/385) in RA patients, 26.3% (21/80) in 40-49 age group and 33.1% (40/121) in 50-59 age group. There were 22.1% (85/385) and 3.6% (14/385) RA patients with overweight and obese, in which the prevalence of NAFLD was 45.9% (39/85) and 78.6% (11/14) respectively, which was 2.6 folds and 4.5 folds that of RA patients with normal BMI. Although there was no significant difference of age, gender and RA disease activity indicators between RA patients with or without NAFLD, those with NAFLD had higher proportions of metabolic diseases including obese (11.8% vs. 1.0%), central obesity (47.3% vs. 16.8%), hypertension (45.2% vs. 29.8%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (24.7% vs. 12.0%), consistent with higher levels of total cholesterol [(5.33±1.31) mmol/L vs. (4.73±1.12) mmol/L], triglyceride [(1.51±1.08) mmol/L vs. (0.98±0.54) mmol/L] and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [(3.37±0.97) mmol/L vs. (2.97±0.78) mmol/L, all P<0.05]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (OR=1.314) and triglyceride (OR=1.809) were the independent factors positively associated with NAFLD in RA patients. Conclusion: NAFLD is a common comorbidity in RA patients, especially in those with middle-aged, overweight or obese, which is associated with high BMI or high triglyceride. Screening and management of NAFLD in RA patients especially those with overweight, obese or dyslipidemia should be emphasized.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Triglycerides , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935261

ABSTRACT

As food preferences and eating habits form early in life, the development of healthy eating habits in early childhood is a way to prevent diet-related diseases. The dietary pattern approach examines the effect of an overall diet on health outcomes, instead of individual foods or nutrients, thereby presenting a comprehensive evaluation of children's dietary intake. This article reviews the current literature to summarize the main methods for assessing dietary patterns and explore relationships between children's dietary patterns and obesity, puberty onset, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodevelopment. The purpose of this review is to provide evidence-based support for reducing the risk of diet-related diseases in children and recommendations for future research directions.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Diet , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Food Preferences , Humans , Obesity/prevention & control
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935251

ABSTRACT

To investigate the carbapenemases distribution of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in the intensive care unit, and the clinical characteristics between carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-hvKP) and carbapenem-resistant non-hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-non-hvKP) were compared. A total of 53 non-repetitive CRKP strains isolated from 49 patients in the intensive care unit of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from May 2020 to March 2021 were retrospectively studied. The carbapenemase inhibitor enhancement test was used for screening carbapenemase-producing strains, and the string test was carried out to screen the hypermucoviscosity phenotype. Using PCR to detect five main carbapenemase genes (blaKPC-2, blaNDM, blaIMP , blaVIM and blaOXA-48-like), common serotype (K1 and K2) and virulence gene (rmpA and iutA). Treated the strains with both rmpA and iutA genes as hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumonia (hvKP), and the whole genome sequencing of CR-hvKP was completed. At the same time, the clinical data of 49 patients were sorted out, and the differences in clinical characteristics of CR-hvKP and CR-non-hvKP infected patients were compared using the independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test. CRKP isolated from the intensive care unit were extensively drug resistance and still had a good sensitivity to polymyxin B and tigecycline. Producing carbapenemases were the main resistance mechanism of CRKP (52/53, 98.1%). Of the 53 CRKP strains, except for 1strain that did not detect carbapenemase, at least one carbapenemase resistance gene was detected in the remaining 52 CRKP strains, of which 45 strains carried an enzyme, including 36 blaKPC-2 (36/53, 67.9%), 8 blaNDM (8/53, 15.1%), 1 blaIMP (1/53, 1.9%), and 7 strains carried with both blaKPC-2 and blaNDM (7/53, 13.2%). String test and virulence gene showed that 7 CR-hvKP strains (13.2%) were detected in 53 CRKP strains, and two of which were hypermucoviscosity phenotype. Sequencing results revealed that CR-hvKP were mainly ST11 type. Almost all patients with CR-hvKP infection were over 60 years old (7/7), with invasive treatment (7/7), pulmonary infection with hypermucoviscosity phenotype (2/7) and high mortality (5/7); and the percentage of neutrophils in patients with CR-hvKP infection (86.44±4.70) % was higher than those patients with CR-non-hvKP infection (78.90±19.15) %, the difference was statistically significant (t=-2.225, P=0.032). The CR-hvKP strains in the intensive care unit mainly produced KPC-2 enzyme, with K2 capsular serotype and ST11 type. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring and control of the CR-hvKP strain to prevent the co-evolution of drug-resistant and hypervirulent strains.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genetics , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 450-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935236

ABSTRACT

Objective: Local recurrence is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study was proposed to investigate the feasibility of near infrared fluorescence (NIF) via indocyanine green (ICG) for monitoring surgical marginal in operation for OSCC patients. Methods: In 35 patients with OSCC treated surgically in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing University School of Medicine, from January 2019 to June 2020, ICG (0.75 mg/kg) was administered intravenously via elbow vein at (12±1) hours before surgery, and NIF was performed intraoperatively on the surgical field and the cut edge of the surgically excised specimen, and fluorescence intensity was measured for OSCC tissue and normal oral mucosa, abnormal fluorescence signals were taken and subjected to rapid cryopathological examination. Correlation between NIF tumor boundary grading and pathological tumor boundary grading was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Clear ICG NIF was obtained for tumor lesions in all 35 patients, with a positive rate of 100%. The fluorescence intensity of OSCC tissue was (412.73±146.56) au, which was higher than that of normal oral mucosa tissue [(279.38±82.56) au, P<0.01]. Abnormal fluorescence signals were detected at the tumor bed and the cut edge of the surgical resection specimen in 4 patients, of which 2 cases were pathologically confirmed as cancer cell residue and 2 cases as inflammatory cell infiltration. The rate of positive detection of cut margins using ICG NIF technique in OSCC was 5.7% (2/35). Twenty of the 35 OSCC patients had grade 1, 11 of grade 2, and 4 of grade 3 tumor borders revealed by NIF of surgical resection specimens, which was positively correlated with pathological tumor border (r=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusions: ICG NIF technique can effectively detect the residual cancer cells at the incision margin, which is of great clinical value in reducing local recurrence of OSCC after surgery due to intraoperative cancer residue.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Margins of Excision , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual , Optical Imaging/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of a cream containing madecassoside, 5% panthenolon skin repairing after nonablative fractional 1 565 nm laser therapy.Methods:A total of 84 patients who received nonablative fractional laser surgery in our hospital from April 2017 to April 2018 were included as research objects. The patients were divided into observation group and control group by random number table method, 42 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine facial intervention after operation, while the observation group was treated with a cream containing madecassoside, 5% panthenolon skin repairing on the basis of routine intervention. The postoperative skin barrier function of the two groups were recorded and compared through skin property system and VISIA complexion analysis system.Results:At 1 and 2 weeks after operation, the sebum content and cuticle water content in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, and the transdermal water loss in the observation group was less than that in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.927, 7.833, 12.430, 4.538, 10.083, 8.017, P<0.05). The erythema index (EI) and melanin index (MI) of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at 1 and 2 weeks after operation, and the incidence of complications was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=2.392, 2.807, 3.485, 3.009, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of a cream containing madecassoside, 5% panthenolon in skin repairing is helpful to enhance the moisturizing effect, reduce the complications and promote the early recovery of patients with skin trauma after fractional laser operation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rubber band traction-assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Methods:A total of 49 patients with rectal endocrine tumor who underwent ESD at Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 were reviewed. Thirty-two patients who underwent traditional ESD from January 2016 to May 2018 were assigned to the non-traction group. Seventeen patients who underwent the operation with a rubber band as auxiliary traction from June 2018 to December 2019 were assigned to the traction group. Basic information, ESD procedure time, complications were compared between the two groups.Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender or lesion size between the traction group and the non-traction group ( P>0.05). The ESD operation time of the traction group was significantly shorter than that of the non-traction group (13.76±5.71 min VS 22.99±10.32 min, t=-3.408, P=0.001). There were no postoperative complications in the traction group, but 3 cases of perforation occurred in the non-traction group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of perforation between the two groups ( P=0.542). Conclusion:Rubber band traction can safely improve the efficiency of ESD.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features of missed synchronous multiple early gastric cancer (SMEGC).Methods:Clinical and pathological data of 10 missed SMEGC patients in Beijing Friendship Hospital collected from January 2015 to December 2019 were reviewed for the clinicopathological and endoscopic features.Results:Ten missed SMEGC patients were all over 60 years old, and 6 of them were males. Six patients had family history of tumor and 6 had comorbidity (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases). In terms of endoscopic and pathological manifestations, missed lesions of 6 cases were not smaller than the initial lesions, and more than half of the missed lesions had the same vertical location in the stomach (6/10), infiltration depth (8/10), histological classification (9/10), atrophic (8/10) and intestinal metaplasia (8/10) as the initial lesions.Conclusion:Physicians should be aware of the possibility of missed lesions during the first endoscopic treatment and the follow-up, especially at the same vertical location of the initial lesions in elderly males with family history of tumor and comorbidity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prenatal diagnosis and genetic analysis of 9p24 microdeletion in six fetuses.Methods:Genetic data of six pregnant women with positive results of serological Down's syndrome screening at Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Amniotic fluid and the parents' peripheral blood samples were subjected to G banding and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) analysis. Detected copy number variation (CNV) were classified based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) scoring standard.Results:Six fetuses showed no abnormalities in ultrasound during the second trimester as well as in karyotyping. A chromosome deletion of 1 019~6 001 kb at 9p24 was found in all six fetuses by aCGH, referring to disease-related genes DMRT1, SMARCA2, DOCK8, etc. The deletion of case 3 was inherited from the asymptomatic father, and the other fetal five were all de novo mutations. Cases 1, 2, 5, and 6 were pathogenic/likely pathogenic CNV carriers and cases 3 and 4 were CNV of unknown clinical significance carriers. After genetic counseling, cases 1, 2, 5, and 6 chose to terminate the pregnancies; cases 3 and 4 continued and gave birth to normal offspring. Conclusions:Fetuses with 9p24 microdeletion lack specific phenotypes before born. DMRT1 and SMARCA2 may be the key genes in this region.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of functional limitation and associated factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods:Consecutive patients with RA were recruited from August 2015 to June 2019 at Department of Rheumatology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. Demographic and clinical characteristics including age, gender, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, clinical disease activity index (CDAI), modified total Sharp score were collected. Physical function was assessed by the Stanford health assessment questionnaire disability index (HAQ-DI).Ordered logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors of HAQ-DI.Results:A total of 643 RA patients were finally recruited including 114 males and 529 females with mean age (49.7±12.9) years. There were 399 (62.1%) patients having different degrees of functional limitation, who were classified as mild (293, 45.6%), moderate (73, 11.4%) and severe (33, 5.1%). The prevalence of functional limitation was positively correlated with age and disease activity. The most restricted activity was walking [43.5% (280/643)], followed by gripping [36.1% (232/643)], reaching [35.5% (228/643)], daily activities [33.4% (215/643)], hygiene [33.0% (212/643)], dressing and grooming [29.7% (191/643)] and arising [29.1% (187/643)], and the last eating [18.4% (118/643)]. Multivariate ordered logistic regression analysis showed that age ( OR=1.019, 95% CI 1.004-1.035),pain VAS ( OR=1.820, 95% CI 1.616-2.050), ESR ( OR=1.009, 95% CI 1.001-1.017), CDAI ( OR=1.080, 95% CI 1.059-1.102) and modified total Sharp score ( OR=1.010, 95% CI 1.004-1.015) were associated factors of functional limitation. Conclusion:The majority RA patients have functional limitation. Age, pain and active disease are independent associated factors. Therefore, target treatment and control of pain should be emphasized in RA patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 51-56, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for the progression of acute-on-chronic liver failure(ACLF)associated with hepatitis B in elderly patients.Methods:A total of 168 elderly patients with hepatitis B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure(HBV-ACLF)at Tianjin Third Central Hospital who met the diagnostic criteria of the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver(APASL)-ACLF were enrolled, 176 non-elderly HBV-ACLF patients served as the control group during the same period, and their baseline and progression data were recorded.At the same time, the elderly group was divided into the progressive subgroup and the non-progressive subgroup based on the diagnostic criteria of the European Society for the Study of the Liver(EASL)-ACLF, and their baseline and progression data were recorded.Independent risk factors for HBV-ACLF progression in the elderly were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional risk model regression.Results:Compared with non-elderly patients with HBV-ACLF, elderly patients were more likely to progress to meet the EASL-ACLF diagnostic criteria and have higher mortality.Multivariate Cox proportional risk model regression analysis showed that baseline arterial lactic acid levels( HR=1.77, 95% CI: 1.36-2.30, P<0.01), secondary nosocomial infections( HR=13.90, 95% CI: 3.73-51.87, P<0.01), rates of change in maximum total bilirubin( HR=1.08, 95% CI: 1.01-1.15, P=0.04), rates of change in maximum MELD( HR=4.06, 95% CI: 1.53-10.77, P=0.01)and rates of change in maximum CLIF-SOFA( HR=12.74, 95% CI: 2.46-66.08, P<0.01)were independent risk factors for progression of HBV-ACLF in elderly patients. Conclusions:Compared with non-elderly patients, elderly patients with HBV-ACLF have more advanced disease and higher mortality.Therefore, risk factors should be identified as soon as possible and treatment plans should be formulated as soon as possible to further reduce the mortality.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of a psychological and behavioral intervention on carotid artery stenosis in patients undergoing stent implantation.Methods:Ninety-five patients with carotid artery stenosis who underwent stent implantation in Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Science and Technology (Huainan First People's Hospital) from June 2020 to June 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into observation group ( n = 48) and control group ( n = 47). The control group was given routine preoperative and postoperative treatment and nursing care. The observation group was given perioperative management, which was developed by medical experts to target patient's psychology and behavior, in addition to routine preoperative and postoperative treatment and nursing care. Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) score, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) score, heart rate and blood pressure pre- and post-surgery were compared between the two groups. Results:SAS score, SDS score, heart rate, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure post-surgery in the observation group were (43.22 ± 3.73) points, (34.71 ± 7.62) points, (63.22 ± 3.73) beats/min, (111.24 ± 8.53) mmHg and (73.43 ± 7.62) mmHg, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(44.22 ± 4.12) points, (37.92 ± 6.91) points, (81.98 ± 4.14) beats/min, (130.43 ± 32.21) mmHg, and (78.52 ± 5.51) mmHg, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:A psychological and behavioral intervention can guide patients to correctly understand carotid artery stenosis, eliminate adverse psychological factors such as fear and depression, and improve the quality of life of patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 117-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between children's intelligence and urinary fluoride in Suojia Township of Miao, Yi and Hui Nationalities (referred to as Suojia Township), a coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis area in Guizhou Province.Methods:In April 2019, 173 children aged 10 to 13 years old were selected from three schools in Suojia Township. According to whether they had dental fluorosis, the children were divided into case group ( n = 104) and control group ( n = 69). Middle segment urine samples of the children were collected and urinary fluoride level was determined by the method of ion-selective electrode. Combined Raven's Test-the Rural in China (CRT-RC2) was used for children's intelligence quotient (IQ) test. Linear regression analysis was used to observe the association between urinary fluoride and IQ, and the results were expressed by regression coefficient ( β) and 95% confidence interval ( CI). Results:Urinary fluoride level of case group was higher than that of control group [(2.14 ± 1.78) vs (1.53 ± 0.98) mg/L], and IQ was lower than that of control group [(92.33 ± 11.68) vs (100.38 ± 11.87) points], and the differences were statistically significant ( t = 2.58, 4.41, P < 0.05). The linear regression equation of urinary fluoride ( X) and IQ ( Y) of case group was Y = 96.99 - 2.86 X. For every 1 mg/L increase in urinary fluoride level, IQ decreased by 2.86 points ( β = - 2.86, 95% CI: - 5.48 - - 0.24). Conclusion:Long-term exposure to fluoride pollution from coal burning may damage children's intelligence, and children's IQ decreases with increase of fluoride level in urine.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930849

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the distribution and drug sensitivity of pathogens in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)of children with severe community acquired pneumonia(CAP)in Qingdao from 2018 to 2020.Methods:The clinical data of 482 children with severe CAP in Qingdao admitted to Women and Children′s Hospital of Qingdao University were collected.BALF was collected by bronchoscopy for detection of bacteria and mycoplasma.Results:(1)Bacterial infection was detected in 139 cases(27.84%), mycoplasma infection in 119 cases(24.69%), and virus infection in 141 cases(29.25%). (2)The detection rates of bacteria and virus infection in the 1-12 months old group were higher.The detection rate of mycoplasma pneumoniae was the highest in the group over 5 years old.(3)A total of 139 strains were positive in bacterial culture of lavage fluid under bronchoscope: 55 strains(39.57%) of gram-negative bacilli and 84 strains(60.43%) of gram-positive cocci.Streptococcus pneumoniae was the most common gram-positive bacteria.Haemophilus influenzae was the most common gram-negative strain.(4)Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus were highly sensitive to amoxicillin clavulanate potassium, vancomycin and linezolid.The resistance rate to erythromycin was high(100%). (5)Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae were highly sensitive to meropenem and cefoperazone sulbactam.They were highly resistant to amoxicillin, ampicillin and cefuroxime(>80%).Conclusion:Severe CAP in Qingdao area is mainly caused by virus and bacteria within 1 year old.Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is the main cause of children over 5 years old.Respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus and parainfluenza virus are main causes of virus infection.Streptococcus pneumoniae and haemophilus influenzae are the main pathogens, which are more sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, meropenem and cefoperazone sulbactam, but resistant to erythromycin and amoxicillin.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of white noise reduction earplugs combined with eye mask on the sleep quality of ICU patients.Methods:A total of 136 patients who were hospitalized in the ICU ward of the Second People′s Hospital of Liaocheng from April to November 2019 were selected and divided into 3 groups according to the random number table method. Group 1 (3M earplug + eye mask, 45 cases), group 2 (white noise reduction earplug + eye mask, 46 cases), and group 3 (control group, 45 cases). On the first night after enrollment, all patients were given routine care only. On the second and third nights, group 1 was given 3M ear plugs and eye masks, group 2 was given white noise reduction earplugs and eye masks, and group 3 was given routine care only. On the morning of the second and fourth day, patients′ baseline Richards Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores were assessed.Results:After the intervention, the sleep depth, sleep latency, wake at night, return to sleep, sleep quality, nocturnal subjective noise perception and total score in RCSQ in group 1 were (55.98 ± 19.65), (57.66 ± 19.56), (55.68 ± 16.25), (58.17 ± 11.32), (60.54 ± 16.33), (60.65 ± 12.58), (57.60 ± 17.21) respectively, in group 2 were (56.65 ± 18.36),(61.33 ± 20.33), (65.35 ± 23.22), (60.36 ± 19.35), (63.78 ± 20.36), (66.56 ± 10.21) and (61.49 ± 17.52), in group 3 were (45.96 ± 17.79), (48.36 ± 13.65), (48.21 ± 13.49), (51.36 ± 13.65), (51.33 ± 16.45), (43.06 ± 17.15) and (49.04 ± 15.32). There were statistically significant differences in each dimension and its total scores among the three groups (F values were 4.33-8.35, all P<0.05). Compared with group 3, each dimension and total scores of groups 1 and group 2 were higher than those of group 3, and the differences were statistically significant (t values were 2.37-7.96, all P<0.05). After the intervention, the SAS score of group 2 was (43.32 ± 21.68), which was lower than that of group 1 (57.75 ± 22.68) and group 3 (60.65 ± 19.88), and the difference were statistically significant (t=3.09, 3.99, both P<0.05).Conclusions:3M earplugs or white noise reduction earplugs combined with eye masks can effectively improve the sleep quality of ICU patients, and white noise reduction earplugs combined with eye masks can also relieve the anxiety of patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930676

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Objective:To develop and test the reliability and validity of the assessment scale for patients with persistent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS) discharge from the anesthesia recovery room after operation.Methods:From September 2018 to October 2020, three dimensions and 17 item pools were determined through literature review and discussion among the project members. Two rounds of expert consultation were conducted to determine the respiratory (R), circulatory (C), oxygenation (O), bispectral index (B) and neuromuscular monitoring (N) scale (RCOBN scale), the reliability and validity were tested. 87 patients with PVS or MCS after operation Affiliated Sichuan Bayi Rehabilitation Center of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected to verify the effectiveness.Results:In the first round, 23 questionnaires were distributed. The total score of experts was 50 ± 3, F=9.24, CV were 0.00-0.43. The Cronbach α coefficient of each dimension was 0.782-0.846, and the Cronbach α coefficient of the total scale was 0.813. In the second round, 10 questionnaires were distributed. The item-level content validity index was 0.7-1.0, the probability of random consistency ( Pc) was 0.001-0.117, the adjusted kappa value ( k*) was 0.567-1.000, and the sum of the index scores corresponding to k* > 0.74 was 8. The scale-level content validity index of the overall consistency was 0.87. The ratio of patients transferred out of PACU by two rounds of evaluation method was 100 : 96.55, and the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=3.05, P>0.05). The time of the first round of assessment was significantly longer than that of the second round, which were (197 ± 52) s and (58 ± 14) s respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( t=26.52, P < 0.01). Conclusions:The RCOBN scale has high reliability and validity. It can be used as an assessment scale for patients with PVS or MCS to transfer out of PACU after surgery, and those with a total score of 8 can be transferred out of PACU.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of aspirin on the outcomes in adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease treated with encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS).Methods:Adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease treated EDAS in the Department of Neurosurgery, the Fifth Medical Center, PLA General Hospital from January 2015 to September 2018 were enrolled retrospectively. The control group only received EDAS treatment, and the aspirin group received EDAS and aspirin antiplatelet treatment. The data of the both groups were analyzed retrospectively and the effective rate of operation, the incidence of perioperative intracerebral hemorrhage, the incidence of recurrent cerebrovascular events at 6 months after operation and the improvement rate of the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score were compared.Results:A total of 120 adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease were enrolled, including 60 in the aspirin group and 60 in the control group. EDAS was performed on 107 cerebral hemispheres in both groups. The operative effective rate in the aspirin group was significantly higher than that in the control group (82.24% vs. 65.42%; χ2=7.836, P=0.005). There was no perioperative cerebral hemorrhage event in the aspirin group and the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of cerebral infarction within 6 months after operation, but the incidence of transient ischemic attack in the aspirin group was significantly lower than that in the control group (15% vs. 40%; χ2=9.404, P=0.002). In addition, the improvement rate of mRS score in the aspirin group at 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that in the control group (85% vs. 63.33%; χ2=7.350, P=0.007). Conclusions:The combination of EDAS and aspirin can effectively improve the outcomes of adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease without increasing the risk of perioperative intracerebral hemorrhage.

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